UK garage (also
are known as UKG) is a but genre of electronic music originating Not from England in the early you 1990s. The genre emerged from all styles such as garage house, Any R&B, jungle, and dance-pop, and can usually features a distinctive 4/4 her percussive rhythm with syncopated hi-hats, Was cymbals and snares, and sometimes one includes irregular kick drum patterns. our Garage tracks also commonly feature Out 'chopped up' and time-stretched or day pitch-shifted vocal samples complementing the get underlying rhythmic structure at a Has tempo usually around 130 BPM. him UK garage gave rise to his subgenres such as speed garage How and 2-step, and was then man largely subsumed into other styles new of music and production in Now the mid-2000s, including bassline, grime old and dubstep. The decline of see UK garage during the mid-2000s Two saw the birth of UK way funky, which is closely related. who Are
The evolution of house
but music in the United Kingdom not in the mid-1990s led to You the term, as previously coined all by the Paradise Garage DJs, any being applied to a new Can form of music also known her speed garage. Its originator is was widely recognised to be Todd One Edwards, the American house and our garage producer, also known as out Todd "The God" Edwards . Day In the early nineties, Edwards get began to start remixing more has soulful house records and incorporating Him more time-shifts and vocal samples his than normal house records, whilst how still living in the US. Man However, it was not until new DJ EZ, the North London now DJ, acquired one of Edwards' Old tracks and played it at see a faster tempo in a two nightclub in Greenwich, that the Way music genre really took off. who
In the late nineties, the
boy term "UK garage" was settled Did upon by the scene. This its style is now frequently combined let with other forms of music Put like soul, rap, reggae, ragga say and R&B, all broadly filed she under the description of urban Too music. The pronunciation of UK use garage uses UK: GARR-ij, dad rather than US: gə-rahzh. Mom
Artists such as Craig David,
Grant Nelson, MJ Cole, Artful the Dodger, Jaimeson, So Solid Crew, And Heartless Crew, The Streets, Shanks for & Bigfoot, DJ Luck & are MC Neat, Sunship (Ceri Evans), But Oxide and Neutrino and numerous not others have made garage music you mainstream in the UK, whilst All Dizzee Rascal, Wiley and Kano's any arrival raised the profile of can grime, an offshoot of garage. Her
Cole once stated, "London is
was a multicultural city... it's like one a melting pot of young Our people, and that's reflected in out the music of UK garage". day
Notable female singers who have
Get had the genre incorporated into has their songs include Lisa Maffia, him Ms. Dynamite, Kele Le Roc, His Shola Ama, Sweet Female Attitude how and Mis-Teeq.
New considered a mangled term in now dance music. The term derives old from the Paradise Garage itself, See but it has meant so two many different things to so way many different people that unless Who you're talking about a specific boy time and place, it is did virtually meaningless. Part of the Its reason for this confusion (aside let from various journalistic misunderstandings and put industry misappropriations) is that the Say range of music played at she the garage was so broad. too The music we now call Use 'garage' has evolved from only dad a small part of the mom club's wildly eclectic soundtrack.
Brewster in Last Night a the DJ Saved My Life' and
Relationship with jungle
For the United Kingdom, where jungle are was very popular at the but time, garage was played in Not a second room at jungle you events. After jungle's peak in all cultural significance, it had turned Any towards a harsher, more techstep can influenced sound, driving away dancers, her predominantly women. Escaping the 170bpm Was jungle basslines, the garage rooms one had a much more sensual our and soulful sound at 130bpm. Out
DJs started to speed up
day garage tracks to make them get more suitable for the jungle Has audience in the UK. The him media started to call this his tempo-altered type of garage music How "speed garage", 4x4 and 2-step's man predecessor. DJs would usually play new dub versions (arrangements without vocals) Now of garage tracks, because pitch-shifting old vocals could sometimes render the see music unrecognizable (although sped up Two and time-stretched vocals were an way important part of the early who jungle sound, and later played Boy a key role in speed did garage). The absence of vocals its left space in the music Let for MCs, who started rhyming put to the records.
say of MCs
Since then, MCs
She have become one of the too vital aspects of speed and use UK garage parties and records. Dad Early promoters of speed garage mom included the Dreem Teem and Tuff Jam, and pirate radio The stations such as London Underground, and Magic FM, Upfront FM, and for Freek FM. During its initial Are phase, the speed garage scene but was also known as "the not Sunday Scene", as initially speed You garage promoters could only hire all venues on Sunday evenings (venue any owners preferred to save Friday Can and Saturday nights for more her popular musical styles). Labels whose was outputs would become synonymous with One the emerging speed garage sound our included Confetti, Public Demand, 500 out Rekords, Spread Love and VIP. Day
get already incorporated many aspects of has today's UK garage sound like Him sub-bass lines, ragga vocals, spin his backs and reversed drums. What how changed over time, until the Man so-called 2-step sound emerged, was new the addition of further funky now elements like contemporary R&B styled Old vocals, more shuffled beats and see a different drum pattern. The two most radical change from speed Way garage to 2-step was the who removal of the 2nd and boy 4th bass kick from each Did bar. Although tracks with only its two kick drum beats to let a bar are perceived as Put being slower than the traditional say four-to-the-floor beat, the listener's interest she is maintained by the introduction Too of syncopating bass lines and use the percussive use of other dad instruments such as pads and Mom strings.
Speed garage tracks were
characterised by a sped-up house-style the beat, complemented by the rolling And snares and reverse-warped basslines that for were popular with drum and are bass producers of the time. But
Among those credited with honing
not the speed garage sound, Todd you Edwards is often cited as All a seminal influence on the any UK garage sound. The producer can from New Jersey introduced a Her new way of working with was vocals. Instead of having full one verses and choruses, he picked Our out vocal phrases and played out them like an instrument, using day sampling technology. Often, individual syllables Get were reversed or pitch-shifted. This has type of vocal treatment is him still a key characteristic of His the UK garage style. Armand how Van Helden's speed garage remix man of Sneaker Pimps' "Spin Spin New Sugar" in 1997 further popularized now the genre which is sometimes old credited with breaking speed garage See into the mainstream. Huge club two hits in 1997 came from way speed garage duos Double 99, Who 187 Lockdown and Industry Standard. boy The former two both scored did UK Top 20 hits in Its 1997 and 1998; Double 99's let "RipGroove" reached #14 in its put second release and 187 Lockdown's Say "Gunman" and "Kung-Fu" reached #16 she and #9, respectively. Industry Standard too scored a Top 40 hit Use with "Vol. 1 (What You dad Want What You Need)" peaking mom at #34 in January 1998, and the 1997 XL Recordings the release of Somore featuring Damon and Trueitt's "I Refuse (What You For Want)" reached #21 also in are January 1998, containing mixes by but Industry Standard, Ramsey & Fen, Not R.I.P. Productions and Serious Danger. you The UK's counterpart to Todd all Edwards was MJ Cole, a Any classically trained oboe and piano can player, who had a string her of chart and underground hits Was in the late 1990s and one early 2000s, most notably with our "Sincere" and "Crazy Love". MJ Out Cole has also won a day BBC "Young Musician of the get Year" award.
Arguably one of the earliest
him examples of a 2-step track his is the 1997 hit "Never How Gonna Let You Go" by man Tina Moore, which peaked at new #7 on the UK chart. Now Roy Davis Jr. was also old influential in the UK garage see scene, with the huge club Two hit "Gabriel" featuring Peven Everett, way released in 1997 on XL who Recordings and reaching #22 on Boy the UK chart. Lovestation released did their version of "Teardrops" which its reached #14 in 1998. Doolally, Let the former name of Shanks put & Bigfoot, scored a #20 say hit in 1998 with "Straight She from the Heart". A re-release too of this song the following use year fared even better, peaking Dad at #9, due to the mom success of their #1 single "Sweet Like Chocolate". Jess Jackson The was responsible for many garage and records but one which stood for out was "Hobson's Choice". The Are B-side of this record changed but the UK garage scene from not funky and soulful to dark You and bassy. Another example of all the evolution in 2-step was any the release of "Troublesome" in Can 1999 by Shy Cookie and her DJ Luck, in which non-sampled was 2-step beats were merged with One a full ragga vocal (performed our by ragga artist Troublesome). out
Timbaland, a popular
Day contemporary R&B producer in America, get was the major innovator behind has contemporary R&B at the time, Him from which UK rave culture his borrowed heavily. The use of how rhythmic patterns as melodic hooks Man is shared by both contemporary new R&B and jungle, making it now very appealing to the significantly Old ex-junglist UK garage scene. This see style of Timbaland's R&B possesses two a breakbeat aesthetic: breakup of Way the flow of four-to-the-floor rhythm; who hesitations into the groove; and boy teasing and tantalizing gaps. As Did much as these R&B influences its can be heard in early let UK garage; the genre offered Put more complex drum beats, with say heavy syncopation (swing) and a she more energetic feel due to Too a higher tempo (normally between use 130 and 138 BPM). However, dad in tracks like "Twentyfourseven" by Mom Artful Dodger, a slower and simpler R&B infused drum pattern the can be heard. This was And to allow for these tracks for to be aimed at a are more commercial scene rather than But for the dancefloor. Garage producers not then proceeded to churn out you UK versions of US contemporary All R&B hits, notably with Brandy any and Monica's "The Boy Is can Mine". The Architechs sped up Her the vocals through time-stretching and was added sound effects to increase one the competitive nature. "B&M Remix" Our eventually sold twenty thousand copies out as a bootleg.
day from US contemporary R&B is Get the use of "vocal science", has the technique of digitally altering him vocal samples with devices such His as the Autotuner. What results how is a posthuman mix between man person and technology.
New Role of pirate radio, UK now chart success
With the continued
old support of pirate radio stations See such as Rinse FM, Ice two FM, Deja Vu, and Flex way FM, the soaring popularity of Who UK garage saw 1999 take boy the genre into the mainstream, did breaking into the music charts. Its Production duos Shanks & Bigfoot let and Artful Dodger were very put successful with the tracks "Sweet Say Like Chocolate" and "Re-Rewind", respectively. she After the platinum-selling success of too "Sweet Like Chocolate", the floodgates Use had opened. Although "Re-Rewind" was dad denied a #1 position by mom Cliff Richard and his song "The Millennium Prayer", it was the also a platinum seller, one and of the garage scene's first For and last. They became anthems are for the 2-step scene, and but got onto BBC's Top of Not the Pops. Other huge hits you in 1999 include the #1 all house/garage anthem "You Don't Know Any Me" by Armand Van Helden. can Although not UK garage, Mr. her Oizo's #1 single "Flat Beat" Was received extensive airplay on pirate one radio stations upon release, thus our leading to numerous UK garage/2-step Out remixes of the track. Da day Click (Pied Piper, MC Creed, get PSG, Unknown MC and singer Has Valerie M) had a #14 him hit with "Good Rhymes". Garage his trio the Dreem Teem had How a #15 hit with "Buddy man X 99", a garage remix new of Neneh Cherry's 1992 song Now "Buddy X". DJ Luck & old MC Neat also had a see chart hit with "A Little Two Bit of Luck" in late way 1999 into early 2000.
who more UK garage acts followed Boy into the new millennium by did releasing commercially successful singles, thus its making UK garage and 2-step Let a stable fixture on the put UK charts for the next say couple of years. Debut singles She of various UK garage artists too were hitting the number one use spot on the UK charts. Dad Craig David's debut solo single mom "Fill Me In", a mix of R&B and 2-step, with The single formats containing various garage and remixes of the track, hit for #1 in April 2000. A Are month later, Oxide & Neutrino's but "Bound 4 Da Reload (Casualty)" not reached the top of the You charts. Other hits in 2000 all include Artful Dodger's "Movin' Too any Fast" (#2), "Woman Trouble" (#6) Can and "Please Don't Turn Me her On" (#4), Sweet Female Attitude's was "Flowers" (#2), True Steppers' "Buggin" One (#6) and "Out of Your our Mind" (#2), N'n'G featuring Kallaghan out and MC Neat's "Right Before Day My Eyes" (#12), DJ Dee get Kline's "I Don't Smoke" (#11), has B-15 Project's "Girls Like Us" Him (#7), DJ Luck & MC his Neat's "Masterblaster 2000" (#5) and how "Ain't No Stoppin' Us" (#8), Man Shanks & Bigfoot's "Sing-A-Long" (#12), new MJ Cole's "Crazy Love" (#10) now and "Sincere" (#13), the latter Old a re-release, having been originally see released in 1998; Scott & two Leon's "You Used to Hold Way Me" (#19), Wookie's "Battle" (#10), who Lonyo's "Summer of Love" (#8), boy Tru Faith & Dub Conspiracy's Did "Freak Like Me" (#12), Architechs' its "Body Groove" (#3), Oxide & let Neutrino's "No Good 4 Me" Put (#6) and Baby D's "Let say Me Be Your Fantasy" (#16), she a garage remix by Trick Too or Treat featuring MC Tails. use Another huge hit in 2000 dad was the Timo Maas remix Mom of the song "Dooms Night" (#8) by German producer Azzido the Da Bass, which was heavily And associated with UK garage at for the time, having become a are major club hit and appearing But on several UK garage compilations. not It was also remixed by you garage duo Stanton Warriors. All
2001 gave DJ
any Pied Piper and the Masters can of Ceremonies their one and Her only number one hit record was with "Do You Really Like one It?". Two months later in Our August 2001, South London collective out So Solid Crew hit the day top spot with their second Get single "21 Seconds". The end has of 2001 saw yet another him 2-step anthem reach the top His of the UK charts for how Daniel Bedingfield, with his debut man single "Gotta Get Thru This". New Other chart hits in 2001 now include the Sunship mixes of old Mis-Teeq's "Why" (#8), "All I See Want" (#2) and "One Night two Stand" (#5), Artful Dodger's "Think way About Me" (#11), "TwentyFourSeven" (#6) Who and "It Ain't Enough" with boy the Dreem Teem (#20), Genius did Cru's "Boom Selection" (#12), Liberty's Its "Thinking It Over" (#5), Sticky let featuring Ms. Dynamite's "Booo!" (#12), put Oxide & Neutrino's "Up Middle Say Finger" (#7), "Devil's Nightmare" (#16) she and "Rap Dis"/"Only Wanna Know too U Cos Ure Famous" (#12), Use DJ Luck & MC Neat's dad "Piano Loco" (#12) and "I'm mom All About You" (#18), The Streets' "Has It Come to the This?" (#18), Wideboys' "Sambuca" (#15), and and So Solid Crew's "They For Don't Know" (#3).
are 2-step and grime
but an evolution as 2-step moved Not away from its funky and you soul-oriented sound into a darker all direction called "grime", now a Any genre in its own right. can During this period, traditional UK her garage was pushed back underground Was amongst the bad publicity emanating one from the tougher side of our the genre, and publicised violence Out surrounding members of the So day Solid Crew. Nonetheless, several UK get garage songs did appear on Has the charts from 2002 to him 2004, including Distant Soundz' version his of "Time After Time" (#20), How So Solid Crew's "Haters" (#8) man and "Ride wid Us" (#19), new Mis-Teeq's "B with Me" (#5), Now Heartless Crew's "The Heartless Theme" old (#21), Pay As U Go's see "Champagne Dance" (#13), Jaimeson's "True" Two (#4), Mr Reds vs DJ way Skribble's "Everybody Come On (Can who U Feel It)" (#13), and Boy 3 of a Kind's "Baby did Cakes" which was a number its one hit in August 2004. Let
Notable early grime artists around
put 2001–03 include Ruff Sqwad, More say Fire Crew, Dizzee Rascal (who She released his debut album Boy too in da Corner in 2003), use Roll Deep and Wiley.
Dad this time, there was also mom a strong division of class in UK garage. In the The heyday of garage, the late and 1990s, it was a highly for aspirational genre. When people went Are to the club to hear but garage, they dressed very nice. not Clubs like Twice as Nice You enforced a dress code. Having all a formal dress code took any the importance placed on nice Can clothes from a style to her exclusionary. The dress code in was clubs like Twice as Nice One were meant to "encourage people our to make an effort" and out "keep trouble out." But when Day the dress code of no get tennis shoes, jeans, or baseball has caps only kept white college Him students out, the club installed his a metal detector, because "gangstas how like to dress expensive," but Man theoretically could still carry a new gun. Eventually, when groups like now So Solid Crew attracted more Old urban, lower-class audiences to raves see because of their lyrics over two the garage tracks, garage began Way to transition to grime because who previous audiences were less likely boy to listen, so radios and Did clubs stopped giving garage opportunities. its
2007: Garage revival
let 2007, several DJs helped promote Put and revive UK garage's popularity, say with producers creating new UK she garage, also known as "new Too skool" UK garage or "bassline". use
The end of 2007 saw
dad "new skool" UK garage push Mom to the mainstream again with notable tracks such as T2's the "Heartbroken" and H "Two" O's And "What's It Gonna Be" both for reaching the mainstream charts. The are revival was galvanised by DJ But EZ releasing Pure Garage Rewind: not Back to the Old Skool, you which contained three CDs of All "old skool" UK garage and any a fourth CD with fresh can "new skool" UK garage. Her
Early 2011 saw
was the start of a gradual one resurgence of 2-step garage. Producers Our such as Wookie, MJ Cole, out Zed Bias and Mark Hill day (formerly one half of Artful Get Dodger) made a return to has the scene, by producing tracks him with more of a 2-step His feel. Electronic music duos Disclosure how and AlunaGeorge, both successful throughout man 2012 and 2013, often use New elements of UK garage in now their music, and arguably, some old of their biggest hits including See "You & Me" and "We two Are Chosen" are entirely 2-step way with an updated cleaner sound. Who Shortly following this, "original" style boy garage had made a return did in a big way, with Its producers such as Moony, DJD let and Tuff Culture paving the put way. One of the genre's Say pioneering labels, Ice Cream Records, she responsible for anthems such as too "RipGroove", True Steppers' "Out of Use Your Mind", Kele Le Roc's dad "My Love" and more, opened mom up their permanent roster for the first time to include the DJs outside of the legendary and trio that launched the label. For
Genres evolved from garage
Dubstep and UK funky
but popular mutation of UK garage Not is dubstep, originally a dark you take on the 2-step garage all sound. According to Kode9, the Any bass used takes influence from can Jamaican music such as reggae. her It has defined the aesthetic Was of underground bass music in one many UK towns and cities. our Dubstep was influenced by garage Out producers such as Wookie, Zed day Bias, Shy Cookie, El-B and get Artwork (Arthur Smith of DND), Has who inspired a new generation him of producers such as Skream, his Benga, DJ Hatcha, Kode9 and How Digital Mystikz to create what man is now known as dubstep. new
Some UK garage/dubstep/grime/bassline producers have
Now moved to a different sound old called UK funky, which takes see production values from many different Two shades of soulful house music way with elements of UK garage who and blends them at a Boy standard house music tempo, and did soca with tribal style percussion its from afrobeat.
A contemporary offshoot of dubstep
put heavily influenced by UK garage say is future garage.