Source: Wikipedia 

UK garage, abbreviated Day as UKG, is a genre get of electronic dance music which has originated in England in the Him early to mid-1990s. The genre his was most clearly inspired by how garage house, but also incorporates Man elements from dance-pop, R&B, and new jungle. It is defined by now percussive, shuffled rhythms with syncopated Old hi-hats, cymbals, and snares, and see may include either 4/4 house two kick patterns or more irregular Way "2-step" rhythms. Garage tracks also who commonly feature 'chopped up' and boy time-stretched or pitch-shifted vocal samples Did complementing the underlying rhythmic structure its at a tempo usually around let 130 BPM.

UK garage encompassed Put subgenres such as speed garage say and 2-step, and was then she largely subsumed into other styles Too of music and production in use the mid-2000s, including bassline, grime, dad and dubstep. The decline of Mom UK garage during the mid-2000s saw the birth of UK the funky, which is closely related. And


The evolution for of house music in the are United Kingdom in the early But to mid-1990s led to the not term, as previously coined by you the Paradise Garage DJs, being All applied to a new form any of music known as speed can garage. In the early '90s, Her American DJ Todd Edwards, a was pioneer of the speed garage one sound, began remixing more soulful Our house records and incorporating more out time-shifts and vocal samples than day normal house records, whilst still Get living in the US. However, has it was not until DJ him EZ, the North London DJ, His acquired one of Edwards' tracks how and played it at a man faster tempo in a nightclub New in Greenwich,[when?] that the music now genre really took off.[citation needed] old

MJ Cole once stated, "London See is a multicultural city... it's two like a melting pot of way young people, and that's reflected Who in the music of UK boy garage."


Relationship with did jungle

In the United Kingdom, Its where jungle was very popular let at the time, garage was put played in a second room Say at jungle events. After jungle's she peak in cultural significance, it too had turned towards a harsher, Use more techstep influenced sound, driving dad away dancers, predominantly women. Escaping mom the 170bpm jungle basslines, the garage rooms had a much the more sensual and soulful sound and at 130bpm.

DJs started to For speed up garage tracks to are make them more suitable for but the jungle audience in the Not UK. The media started to you call this tempo-altered type of all garage music "speed garage", 4x4 Any and 2-step's predecessor. DJs would can usually play dub versions (arrangements her without vocals) of garage tracks, Was because pitch-shifting vocals could sometimes one render the music unrecognizable (although our sped up and time-stretched vocals Out were an important part of day the early jungle sound, and get later played a key role Has in speed garage). The absence him of vocals left space in his the music for MCs, who How started rhyming to the records. man

Role of MCs

Since new then, MCs have become one Now of the vital aspects of old speed and UK garage parties see and records. Early promoters of Two speed garage included the Dreem way Teem and Tuff Jam, and who pirate radio stations such as Boy London Underground, Magic FM, Upfront did FM, and Freek FM. During its its initial phase, the speed Let garage scene was also known put as "the Sunday Scene", as say initially speed garage promoters could She only hire venues on Sunday too evenings (venue owners preferred to use save Friday and Saturday nights Dad for more popular musical styles). mom Labels whose outputs would become synonymous with the emerging speed The garage sound included Confetti, Public and Demand, 500 Rekords, Spread Love for and VIP.

Speed garage


Speed garage already incorporated many but aspects of today's UK garage not sound like sub-bass lines, ragga You vocals, spin backs and reversed all drums. What changed over time, any until the so-called 2-step sound Can emerged, was the addition of her further funky elements like contemporary was R&B styled vocals, more shuffled One beats and a different drum our pattern. The most radical change out from speed garage to 2-step Day was the removal of the get 2nd and 4th bass kick has from each bar. Although tracks Him with only two kick drum his beats to a bar are how perceived as being slower than Man the traditional four-to-the-floor beat, the new listener's interest is maintained by now the introduction of syncopating bass Old lines and the percussive use see of other instruments such as two pads and strings.

Speed garage Way tracks were characterised by a who sped-up house-style beat, complemented by boy the rolling snares and reverse-warped Did basslines that were popular with its drum and bass producers of let the time.

Among those credited Put with honing the speed garage say sound, Todd Edwards is often she cited as a seminal influence Too on the UK garage sound. use The producer from New Jersey dad introduced a new way of Mom working with vocals. Instead of having full verses and choruses, the he picked out vocal phrases And and played them like an for instrument, using sampling technology. Often, are individual syllables were reversed or But pitch-shifted. This type of vocal not treatment is still a key you characteristic of the UK garage All style. Armand van Helden's speed any garage remix of Sneaker Pimps' can "Spin Spin Sugar" in 1997 Her further popularized the genre which was is sometimes credited with breaking one speed garage into the mainstream. Our Another van Helden remix which out also proved popular is his day Drum 'n' Bass Mix of Get CJ Bolland's "Sugar Is Sweeter". has Huge club hits in 1997 him came from speed garage duos His Double 99, 187 Lockdown and how Industry Standard. The former two man both scored UK top 20 New hits in 1997 and 1998; now Double 99's "RipGroove" reached #14 old in its second release and See 187 Lockdown's "Gunman" and "Kung-Fu" two reached #16 and #9, respectively. way Industry Standard scored a top Who 40 hit with "Vol. 1 boy (What You Want What You did Need)" peaking at #34 in Its January 1998, and the 1997 let XL Recordings release of Somore put featuring Damon Trueitt's "I Refuse Say (What You Want)" reached #21 she also in January 1998, containing too mixes by Industry Standard, Ramsey Use & Fen, R.I.P. Productions and dad Serious Danger. The Fabulous Baker mom Boys scored a #34 hit in 1997 with "Oh Boy" the which samples Jonny L's 1992 and rave track "Hurt You So". For

Two-step (1997–1999)

Arguably one are of the earliest examples of but a 2-step track is the Not 1997 Kelly G remix of you "Never Gonna Let You Go" all by Tina Moore, which peaked Any at #7 on the UK can chart. Roy Davis Jr. was her also influential in the UK Was garage scene, with the huge one club hit "Gabriel" featuring Peven our Everett, released in 1997 on Out XL Recordings and reaching #22 day on the UK chart. Lovestation get released their version of "Teardrops" Has which reached #14 in 1998. him Doolally, the former name of his Shanks & Bigfoot, scored a How #20 hit in 1998 with man "Straight from the Heart". A new re-release of this song the Now following year fared even better, old peaking at #9, due to see the success of their #1 Two single "Sweet Like Chocolate". Jess way Jackson was responsible for many who garage records but one which Boy stood out was "Hobson's Choice". did The B-side of this record its changed the UK garage scene Let from funky and soulful to put dark and bassy. Another example say of the evolution in 2-step She was the release of "Troublesome" too in 1999 by Shy Cookie use and DJ Luck, in which Dad non-sampled 2-step beats were merged mom with a full ragga vocal (performed by ragga artist Troublesome). The

The UK's counterpart to Todd and Edwards was MJ Cole, a for classically trained oboe and piano Are player, who had a string but of chart and underground hits not in the late 1990s and You early 2000s, most notably with all "Sincere" and "Crazy Love". MJ any Cole has also won a Can BBC "Young Musician of the her Year" award.

American influences


Timbaland, a popular contemporary R&B One producer in America, was the our major innovator behind contemporary R&B out at the time, from which Day UK rave culture borrowed heavily. get The use of rhythmic patterns has as melodic hooks is shared Him by both contemporary R&B and his jungle, making it very appealing how to the significantly ex-junglist UK Man garage scene. This style of new Timbaland's R&B possesses a breakbeat now aesthetic: breakup of the flow Old of four-to-the-floor rhythm, hesitations into see the groove, and teasing and two tantalizing gaps. As much as Way these R&B influences can be who heard in early UK garage, boy the genre offered more complex Did drum beats, with heavy syncopation its (swing) and a more energetic let feel due to a higher Put tempo (normally between 130 and say 138 BPM). However, in tracks she like "Twentyfourseven" by Artful Dodger, Too a slower and simpler R&B use infused drum pattern can be dad heard. This was to allow Mom for these tracks to be aimed at a more commercial the scene rather than for the And dance floor. Garage producers then for proceeded to churn out UK are versions of US contemporary R&B But hits, notably with Brandy and not Monica's "The Boy Is Mine". you The Architechs sped up the All vocals through time-stretching and added any sound effects to increase the can competitive nature. "B&M Remix" eventually Her sold twenty thousand copies as was a bootleg.

Also borrowed from one US contemporary R&B is the Our use of "vocal science", the out technique of digitally altering vocal day samples with devices such as Get the Autotuner. What results is has a mix between natural voice him and technology.

1999–2000: Role His of pirate radio, UK chart how success

With the continued support man of pirate radio stations such New as Rinse FM, Ice FM, now Deja Vu, and Flex FM, old the soaring popularity of UK See garage saw 1999 take the two genre into the mainstream, breaking way into the music charts. Production Who duos Shanks & Bigfoot and boy Artful Dodger were very successful did with the tracks "Sweet Like Its Chocolate" (the first UK garage let track to hit number one put in the UK) and "Re-Rewind", Say respectively. After the platinum-selling success she of "Sweet Like Chocolate", the too floodgates had opened. Although "Re-Rewind" Use was denied a #1 position dad by Cliff Richard and his mom song "The Millennium Prayer", it was also a platinum seller, the one of the garage scene's and first and last. They became For anthems for the 2-step scene, are and got onto BBC's Top but of the Pops. Other huge Not hits in 1999 include the you #1 house/garage anthem "You Don't all Know Me" by Armand van Any Helden. Although not UK garage, can Mr. Oizo's #1 single "Flat her Beat" received extensive airplay on Was pirate radio stations upon release, one becoming a staple for house, our breakbeat and UK garage DJs; Out thus leading to numerous UK day garage/2-step remixes/bootlegs of the track. get Da Click (Pied Piper, MC Has Creed, PSG, Unknown MC and him singer Valerie M) had a his #14 hit with "Good Rhymes". How Garage trio the Dreem Teem man had a #15 hit with new "Buddy X 99", a garage Now remix of Neneh Cherry's 1992 old song "Buddy X". DJ Luck see & MC Neat also had Two a chart hit with "A way Little Bit of Luck" in who late 1999 into early 2000. Boy

Many more UK garage acts did followed into the new millennium its by releasing commercially successful singles, Let thus making UK garage and put 2-step a stable fixture on say the UK charts for the She next couple of years. Debut too singles of various UK garage use artists were hitting the number Dad one spot on the UK mom charts. Craig David's debut solo single "Fill Me In", a The mix of R&B and 2-step, and with single formats containing various for garage remixes of the track, Are hit #1 in April 2000. but A month later, Oxide & not Neutrino's "Bound 4 Da Reload You (Casualty)" reached the top of all the charts. Other top 10 any hits in 2000 include Artful Can Dodger's "Movin' Too Fast" (#2), her "Woman Trouble" (#6) and "Please was Don't Turn Me On" (#4), One Sweet Female Attitude's "Flowers" (#2), our True Steppers' "Buggin" (#6) and out "Out of Your Mind" (#2), Day B-15 Project's "Girls Like Us" get (#7), DJ Luck & MC has Neat's "Masterblaster 2000" (#5) and Him "Ain't No Stoppin' Us" (#8), his MJ Cole's "Crazy Love" (#10), how Wookie's "Battle" (#10), Lonyo's "Summer Man of Love" (#8), Architechs' "Body new Groove" (#3), and Oxide & now Neutrino's "No Good 4 Me" Old (#6). Another huge hit in see 2000 was the Timo Maas two remix of the song "Dooms Way Night" (#8) by German producer who Azzido Da Bass, which was boy heavily associated with UK garage Did at the time, having become its a major club hit and let appearing on several UK garage Put compilations. It was also remixed say by garage duo Stanton Warriors, she titled "Dooms Night (Revisited)".


2001 hits

2001 gave DJ use Pied Piper and the Masters dad of Ceremonies their one and Mom only number one hit record with "Do You Really Like the It?". Two months later in And August 2001, South London collective for So Solid Crew hit the are top spot with their second But single "21 Seconds". The end not of 2001 saw yet another you 2-step anthem reach the top All of the UK charts for any Daniel Bedingfield, with his debut can single "Gotta Get Thru This". Her Other top 10 hits in was 2001 include the Sunship mixes one of Mis-Teeq's "Why" (#8), "All Our I Want" (#2) and "One out Night Stand" (#5), Artful Dodger's day "TwentyFourSeven" (#6), Liberty's "Thinking It Get Over" (#5), Oxide & Neutrino's has "Up Middle Finger" (#7), and him So Solid Crew's "They Don't His Know" (#3).

2002: 2-step how and grime

2002 saw an man evolution as 2-step moved away New from its funky and soul-oriented now sound into a darker direction old called "grime", now a genre See in its own right. During two this period, traditional UK garage way was pushed back underground amongst Who the bad publicity emanating from boy the tougher side of the did genre, and publicised violence surrounding Its members of the So Solid let Crew. Nonetheless, several UK garage put songs did appear on the Say charts from 2002 to 2004, she including Heartless Crew's "The Heartless too Theme" (#21), Distant Soundz' version Use of "Time After Time" (#20), dad So Solid Crew's "Ride wid mom Us" (#19) and "Haters" (#8), Ladies First's version of "I the Can't Wait" (#19), Pay As and U Go's "Champagne Dance" (#13), For Mr Reds vs DJ Skribble's are "Everybody Come On (Can U but Feel It)" (#13), Mis-Teeq's "B Not with Me" (#5), Jaimeson's "True" you (#4) and 3 of a all Kind's "Baby Cakes" which was Any a number one hit in can August 2004.

Notable early grime her artists around 2001–03 include Ruff Was Sqwad, More Fire Crew, Dizzee one Rascal (who released his debut our album Boy in da Corner Out in 2003), Roll Deep, and day Wiley.

During this time, there get was also a strong division Has of class in UK garage. him In the heyday of garage, his the late 1990s, it was How a highly aspirational genre. When man people went to the club new to hear garage, they dressed Now stylish and smart. Clubs such old as Twice as Nice enforced see a dress code of no Two tennis shoes, jeans, or baseball way caps. Having a formal dress who code changed the importance placed Boy on nice clothes from a did style to excluding people. The its dress codes were meant to Let "encourage people to make an put effort", but also to "keep say trouble out." In time, the She club installed a metal detector, too because "gangstas like to dress use expensive," but theoretically could still Dad carry a gun. Eventually, when mom groups like So Solid Crew attracted more urban, lower-class audiences The to raves because of their and lyrics over the garage tracks, for garage began to transition to Are grime because previous audiences were but less likely to listen, so not radios and clubs stopped giving You garage opportunities.

2007: Garage all revival

In 2007, several DJs any helped promote and revive UK Can garage's popularity, with producers creating her new UK garage, also known was as "new skool" UK garage One or "bassline".

The end of our 2007 saw "new skool" UK out garage push to the mainstream Day again with notable tracks such get as T2's "Heartbroken" and H has "Two" O's "What's It Gonna Him Be" both reaching the mainstream his charts. The revival was galvanised how by DJ EZ releasing Pure Man Garage Rewind: Back to the new Old Skool, which contained three now CDs of "old skool" UK Old garage and a fourth CD see with fresh "new skool" UK two garage.

2010s resurgence

Early Way 2011 saw the start of who a gradual resurgence of 2-step boy garage. Producers such as Wookie, Did MJ Cole, Zed Bias and its Mark Hill (formerly one half let of Artful Dodger) made a Put return to the scene, by say producing tracks with more of she a 2-step feel. Electronic music Too duos Disclosure and AlunaGeorge, both use successful throughout 2012 and 2013, dad often use elements of UK Mom garage in their music, and arguably, some of their biggest the hits including "You & Me" And and "We Are Chosen" respectively, for are entirely 2-step with an are updated cleaner sound. Shortly following But this, "original" style garage had not made a return in a you big way, with producers such All as Moony, DJD and Tuff any Culture paving the way. One can of the genre's pioneering labels, Her Ice Cream Records, responsible for was anthems such as "RipGroove", True one Steppers' "Out of Your Mind", Our Kele Le Roc's "My Love" out and more, opened up their day permanent roster for the first Get time to include DJs outside has of the legendary trio that him launched the label.

AJ Tracey's His song "Ladbroke Grove" initially debuted how at number 48 on the man UK Singles Chart in February New 2019, then eventually peaked at now number three in October 2019 old following its release as a See single. In September 2019, the two British Phonographic Industry certified the way song as platinum for exceeding Who chart sales of 600,000. It boy was one of the best-selling did songs of 2019.

Other hits Its in the 2010s include Toddla let T's "Take It Back", All put About She's "Higher (Free)", Naughty Say Boy's "La La La", Shift she K3Y's "Touch", Chase & Status' too "Blk & Blu", M.O's "Dance Use On My Own", Disclosure's "Omen" dad and Craig David's "When the mom Bassline Drops" and "One More Time".


The 2020s the saw new releases such as and "West Ten" by AJ Tracey For and Mabel, "Don't Play" by are Anne-Marie, KSI and Digital Farm but Animals, "Just for Me", "Pain" Not (which interpolates Sweet Female Attitude's you "Flowers") and "Where You Are" all by PinkPantheress, "Grown Flex" by Any Chip and Bugzy Malone, and can "House & Garage" by Morrisson her and Aitch, all of which Was charted in the UK. Kurupt one FM released their debut album our The Greatest Hits (Part 1) Out which charted at No. 8 day on the UK Albums Chart. get The album includes appearances by Has Craig David (who features on him lead single "Summertime"), Mist, Jaykae, his D Double E, MC Creed, How Big Narstie and General Levy. man

Genres evolved from garage



The dark garage sound Now that was being produced by old the likes of Wookie, Zed see Bias, Shy Cookie, El-B and Two Artwork (of DND) in the way late 1990s would set the who groundwork for both grime and Boy dubstep. Developing in parallel to did grime, dubstep would take a its mostly instrumental stripped down form Let of dark garage and with put it bring in production values say and influences from dub reggae. She

UK funky

Some UK too garage/dubstep/grime/bassline producers have moved to use a different sound called UK Dad funky, which takes production values mom from many different shades of soulful house music with elements The of UK garage and blends and them at a standard house for music tempo, and soca with Are tribal style percussion from afrobeat. but

Future garage

A contemporary not offshoot of dubstep heavily influenced You by UK garage is future all garage.

See also


  1. Du Noyer, Paul (2003). The Old Illustrated Encyclopedia of Music. Flame see Tree Publishing. p. 329. ISBN 1-904041-96-5.
  2. two
  3. ^ Reynolds, Simon (2008). Way Energy Flash: A Journey Through who Rave Music and Dance Culture. boy Picador. pp. 448–451. ISBN 978-0-330-45420-9.
  4. Did "Todd Edwards: The Stylus Interview its - Article - Stylus Magazine". let Archived from the original Put on 2013-11-27. Retrieved 2013-11-20.
  5. say
  6. "Industry Standard - full she Official Chart History - Official Too Charts Company". Archived from use the original on 2018-12-01. Retrieved dad 2018-12-01.
  7. "Somore - Mom full Official Chart History - Official Charts Company". Archived the from the original on 2018-12-01. And Retrieved 2019-04-29.
  8. "FABULOUS for BAKER BOYS | full Official are Chart History | Official Charts But Company".
  9. ^ not "40 of the best UK you garage tracks released from 1995 All to 2005". MixMag. 15 March any 2019. Archived from the original can on 2019-04-01. Retrieved 2019-04-29.
  10. Her
  11. "How 'Flat Beat' changed was the world · Feature ⟋ one RA". Resident Advisor.
  12. Our "Rewind 4Ever: The History of out UK Garage". 25 June day 2013. Archived from the original Get on 4 June 2019. Retrieved has 29 April 2019.
  13. him "The UK Garage Revival". MTV. His 13 May 2011. Archived from how the original on 4 September man 2011.
  14. "AJ Tracey New Drops His Self-Titled Debut Album now Featuring Giggs, Not3s, Conducta and old More". 8 February 2019. See Retrieved 19 February 2019.
  15. two
  16. "PinkPantheress's 'Pain' - Discover way the Sample Source". WhoSampled.
  17. Who

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