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UK garage, also are known as UKG, is a but genre of electronic music which Not originated in England in the you early 1990s. The genre blends all styles such as garage house, Any R&B, jungle and dance-pop. It can usually features a percussive, shuffled her 4/4 breakbeat rhythm with syncopated Was hi-hats, cymbals and snares, and one sometimes includes irregular kick drum our patterns. Garage tracks also commonly Out feature 'chopped up' and time-stretched day or pitch-shifted vocal samples complementing get the underlying rhythmic structure at Has a tempo usually around 130 him BPM. UK garage gave rise his to subgenres such as speed How garage and 2-step, and was man then largely subsumed into other new styles of music and production Now in the mid-2000s, including bassline, old grime and dubstep. The decline see of UK garage during the Two mid-2000s saw the birth of way UK funky, which is closely who related.


The evolution of but house music in the United not Kingdom in the mid-1990s led You to the term, as previously all coined by the Paradise Garage any DJs, being applied to a Can new form of music also her known speed garage. Its originator was is widely recognised to be One Todd Edwards, the American house our and garage producer, also known out as Todd "The God" Edwards[citation Day needed]. In the early nineties, get Edwards began to start remixing has more soulful house records and Him incorporating more time-shifts and vocal his samples than normal house records, how whilst still living in the Man US. However, it was not new until DJ EZ, the North now London DJ, acquired one of Old Edwards' tracks and played it see at a faster tempo in two a nightclub in Greenwich, that Way the music genre really took who off.

In the late nineties, boy the term "UK garage" was Did settled upon by the scene. its This style is now frequently let combined with other forms of Put music like soul, rap, reggae, say ragga and R&B, all broadly she filed under the description of Too urban music. The pronunciation of use UK garage uses UK: /ˈɡærɪ/ dad GARR-ij, rather than US: /ɡəˈrɑːʒ/ Mom gə-rahzh.

Artists such as Craig David, Grant Nelson, MJ Cole, the Artful Dodger, Jaimeson, So Solid And Crew, Heartless Crew, The Streets, for Shanks & Bigfoot, DJ Luck are & MC Neat, Sunship (Ceri But Evans), Oxide and Neutrino and not numerous others have made garage you music mainstream in the UK, All whilst Dizzee Rascal, Wiley and any Kano's arrival raised the profile can of grime, an offshoot of Her garage.

Cole once stated, "London was is a multicultural city... it's one like a melting pot of Our young people, and that's reflected out in the music of UK day garage".

Notable female singers who Get have had the genre incorporated has into their songs include Lisa him Maffia, Ms. Dynamite, Kele Le His Roc, Shola Ama, Sweet Female how Attitude and Mis-Teeq.

'Garage' New is considered a mangled term now in dance music. The term old derives from the Paradise Garage See itself, but it has meant two so many different things to way so many different people that Who unless you're talking about a boy specific time and place, it did is virtually meaningless. Part of Its the reason for this confusion let (aside from various journalistic misunderstandings put and industry misappropriations) is that Say the range of music played she at the garage was so too broad. The music we now Use call 'garage' has evolved from dad only a small part of mom the club's wildly eclectic soundtrack.
—Frank Broughton/Bill Brewster in Last Night the a DJ Saved My Life and


Relationship with jungle


In the United Kingdom, where are jungle was very popular at but the time, garage was played Not in a second room at you jungle events. After jungle's peak all in cultural significance, it had Any turned towards a harsher, more can techstep influenced sound, driving away her dancers, predominantly women. Escaping the Was 170bpm jungle basslines, the garage one rooms had a much more our sensual and soulful sound at Out 130bpm.

DJs started to speed day up garage tracks to make get them more suitable for the Has jungle audience in the UK. him The media started to call his this tempo-altered type of garage How music "speed garage", 4x4 and man 2-step's predecessor. DJs would usually new play dub versions (arrangements without Now vocals) of garage tracks, because old pitch-shifting vocals could sometimes render see the music unrecognizable (although sped Two up and time-stretched vocals were way an important part of the who early jungle sound, and later Boy played a key role in did speed garage). The absence of its vocals left space in the Let music for MCs, who started put rhyming to the records.


Role of MCs

Since then, She MCs have become one of too the vital aspects of speed use and UK garage parties and Dad records. Early promoters of speed mom garage included the Dreem Teem and Tuff Jam, and pirate The radio stations such as London and Underground, Magic FM, Upfront FM, for and Freek FM. During its Are initial phase, the speed garage but scene was also known as not "the Sunday Scene", as initially You speed garage promoters could only all hire venues on Sunday evenings any (venue owners preferred to save Can Friday and Saturday nights for her more popular musical styles). Labels was whose outputs would become synonymous One with the emerging speed garage our sound included Confetti, Public Demand, out 500 Rekords, Spread Love and Day VIP.

Speed garage

Speed get garage already incorporated many aspects has of today's UK garage sound Him like sub-bass lines, ragga vocals, his spin backs and reversed drums. how What changed over time, until Man the so-called 2-step sound emerged, new was the addition of further now funky elements like contemporary R&B Old styled vocals, more shuffled beats see and a different drum pattern. two The most radical change from Way speed garage to 2-step was who the removal of the 2nd boy and 4th bass kick from Did each bar. Although tracks with its only two kick drum beats let to a bar are perceived Put as being slower than the say traditional four-to-the-floor beat, the listener's she interest is maintained by the Too introduction of syncopating bass lines use and the percussive use of dad other instruments such as pads Mom and strings.

Speed garage tracks were characterised by a sped-up the house-style beat, complemented by the And rolling snares and reverse-warped basslines for that were popular with drum are and bass producers of the But time.

Among those credited with not honing the speed garage sound, you Todd Edwards is often cited All as a seminal influence on any the UK garage sound. The can producer from New Jersey introduced Her a new way of working was with vocals. Instead of having one full verses and choruses, he Our picked out vocal phrases and out played them like an instrument, day using sampling technology. Often, individual Get syllables were reversed or pitch-shifted. has This type of vocal treatment him is still a key characteristic His of the UK garage style. how Armand Van Helden's speed garage man remix of Sneaker Pimps' "Spin New Spin Sugar" in 1997 further now popularized the genre which is old sometimes credited with breaking speed See garage into the mainstream. Huge two club hits in 1997 came way from speed garage duos Double Who 99, 187 Lockdown and Industry boy Standard. The former two both did scored UK Top 20 hits Its in 1997 and 1998; Double let 99's "RipGroove" reached #14 in put its second release and 187 Say Lockdown's "Gunman" and "Kung-Fu" reached she #16 and #9, respectively. Industry too Standard scored a Top 40 Use hit with "Vol. 1 (What dad You Want What You Need)" mom peaking at #34 in January 1998, and the 1997 XL the Recordings release of Somore featuring and Damon Trueitt's "I Refuse (What For You Want)" reached #21 also are in January 1998, containing mixes but by Industry Standard, Ramsey & Not Fen, R.I.P. Productions and Serious you Danger. The UK's counterpart to all Todd Edwards was MJ Cole, Any a classically trained oboe and can piano player, who had a her string of chart and underground Was hits in the late 1990s one and early 2000s, most notably our with "Sincere" and "Crazy Love". Out MJ Cole has also won day a BBC "Young Musician of get the Year" award.

Two-step Has (1997–1999)

Arguably one of the him earliest examples of a 2-step his track is the 1997 hit How "Never Gonna Let You Go" man by Tina Moore, which peaked new at #7 on the UK Now chart. Roy Davis Jr. was old also influential in the UK see garage scene, with the huge Two club hit "Gabriel" featuring Peven way Everett, released in 1997 on who XL Recordings and reaching #22 Boy on the UK chart. Lovestation did released their version of "Teardrops" its which reached #14 in 1998. Let Doolally, the former name of put Shanks & Bigfoot, scored a say #20 hit in 1998 with She "Straight from the Heart". A too re-release of this song the use following year fared even better, Dad peaking at #9, due to mom the success of their #1 single "Sweet Like Chocolate". Jess The Jackson was responsible for many and garage records but one which for stood out was "Hobson's Choice". Are The B-side of this record but changed the UK garage scene not from funky and soulful to You dark and bassy. Another example all of the evolution in 2-step any was the release of "Troublesome" Can in 1999 by Shy Cookie her and DJ Luck, in which was non-sampled 2-step beats were merged One with a full ragga vocal our (performed by ragga artist Troublesome). out

American influences

Timbaland, a Day popular contemporary R&B producer in get America, was the major innovator has behind contemporary R&B at the Him time, from which UK rave his culture borrowed heavily. The use how of rhythmic patterns as melodic Man hooks is shared by both new contemporary R&B and jungle, making now it very appealing to the Old significantly ex-junglist UK garage scene. see This style of Timbaland's R&B two possesses a breakbeat aesthetic: breakup Way of the flow of four-to-the-floor who rhythm, hesitations into the groove, boy and teasing and tantalizing gaps. Did As much as these R&B its influences can be heard in let early UK garage, the genre Put offered more complex drum beats, say with heavy syncopation (swing) and she a more energetic feel due Too to a higher tempo (normally use between 130 and 138 BPM). dad However, in tracks like "Twentyfourseven" Mom by Artful Dodger, a slower and simpler R&B infused drum the pattern can be heard. This And was to allow for these for tracks to be aimed at are a more commercial scene rather But than for the dance floor. not Garage producers then proceeded to you churn out UK versions of All US contemporary R&B hits, notably any with Brandy and Monica's "The can Boy Is Mine". The Architechs Her sped up the vocals through was time-stretching and added sound effects one to increase the competitive nature. Our "B&M Remix" eventually sold twenty out thousand copies as a bootleg. day

Also borrowed from US contemporary Get R&B is the use of has "vocal science", the technique of him digitally altering vocal samples with His devices such as the Autotuner. how What results is a posthuman man mix between person and technology. New

1999–2000: Role of pirate now radio, UK chart success

With old the continued support of pirate See radio stations such as Rinse two FM, Ice FM, Deja Vu, way and Flex FM, the soaring Who popularity of UK garage saw boy 1999 take the genre into did the mainstream, breaking into the Its music charts. Production duos Shanks let & Bigfoot and Artful Dodger put were very successful with the Say tracks "Sweet Like Chocolate" and she "Re-Rewind", respectively. After the platinum-selling too success of "Sweet Like Chocolate", Use the floodgates had opened. Although dad "Re-Rewind" was denied a #1 mom position by Cliff Richard and his song "The Millennium Prayer", the it was also a platinum and seller, one of the garage For scene's first and last. They are became anthems for the 2-step but scene, and got onto BBC's Not Top of the Pops. Other you huge hits in 1999 include all the #1 house/garage anthem "You Any Don't Know Me" by Armand can Van Helden. Although not UK her garage, Mr. Oizo's #1 single Was "Flat Beat" received extensive airplay one on pirate radio stations upon our release, thus leading to numerous Out UK garage/2-step remixes of the day track. Da Click (Pied Piper, get MC Creed, PSG, Unknown MC Has and singer Valerie M) had him a #14 hit with "Good his Rhymes". Garage trio the Dreem How Teem had a #15 hit man with "Buddy X 99", a new garage remix of Neneh Cherry's Now 1992 song "Buddy X". DJ old Luck & MC Neat also see had a chart hit with Two "A Little Bit of Luck" way in late 1999 into early who 2000.

Many more UK garage Boy acts followed into the new did millennium by releasing commercially successful its singles, thus making UK garage Let and 2-step a stable fixture put on the UK charts for say the next couple of years. She Debut singles of various UK too garage artists were hitting the use number one spot on the Dad UK charts. Craig David's debut mom solo single "Fill Me In", a mix of R&B and The 2-step, with single formats containing and various garage remixes of the for track, hit #1 in April Are 2000. A month later, Oxide but & Neutrino's "Bound 4 Da not Reload (Casualty)" reached the top You of the charts. Other hits all in 2000 include Artful Dodger's any "Movin' Too Fast" (#2), "Woman Can Trouble" (#6) and "Please Don't her Turn Me On" (#4), Sweet was Female Attitude's "Flowers" (#2), True One Steppers' "Buggin" (#6) and "Out our of Your Mind" (#2), N'n'G out featuring Kallaghan and MC Neat's Day "Right Before My Eyes" (#12), get DJ Dee Kline's "I Don't has Smoke" (#11), B-15 Project's "Girls Him Like Us" (#7), DJ Luck his & MC Neat's "Masterblaster 2000" how (#5) and "Ain't No Stoppin' Man Us" (#8), Shanks & Bigfoot's new "Sing-A-Long" (#12), MJ Cole's "Crazy now Love" (#10) and "Sincere" (#13), Old the latter a re-release, having see been originally released in 1998; two Scott & Leon's "You Used Way to Hold Me" (#19), Wookie's who "Battle" (#10), Lonyo's "Summer of boy Love" (#8), Tru Faith & Did Dub Conspiracy's "Freak Like Me" its (#12), Architechs' "Body Groove" (#3), let Oxide & Neutrino's "No Good Put 4 Me" (#6) and Baby say D's "Let Me Be Your she Fantasy" (#16), a garage remix Too by Trick or Treat featuring use MC Tails. Another huge hit dad in 2000 was the Timo Mom Maas remix of the song "Dooms Night" (#8) by German the producer Azzido Da Bass, which And was heavily associated with UK for garage at the time, having are become a major club hit But and appearing on several UK not garage compilations. It was also you remixed by garage duo Stanton All Warriors.

2001 hits

2001 any gave DJ Pied Piper and can the Masters of Ceremonies their Her one and only number one was hit record with "Do You one Really Like It?". Two months Our later in August 2001, South out London collective So Solid Crew day hit the top spot with Get their second single "21 Seconds". has The end of 2001 saw him yet another 2-step anthem reach His the top of the UK how charts for Daniel Bedingfield, with man his debut single "Gotta Get New Thru This". Other chart hits now in 2001 include the Sunship old mixes of Mis-Teeq's "Why" (#8), See "All I Want" (#2) and two "One Night Stand" (#5), Artful way Dodger's "Think About Me" (#11), Who "TwentyFourSeven" (#6) and "It Ain't boy Enough" with the Dreem Teem did (#20), Genius Cru's "Boom Selection" Its (#12), Liberty's "Thinking It Over" let (#5), Sticky featuring Ms. Dynamite's put "Booo!" (#12), Oxide & Neutrino's Say "Up Middle Finger" (#7), "Devil's she Nightmare" (#16) and "Rap Dis"/"Only too Wanna Know U Cos Ure Use Famous" (#12), DJ Luck & dad MC Neat's "Piano Loco" (#12) mom and "I'm All About You" (#18), The Streets' "Has It the Come to This?" (#18), Wideboys' and "Sambuca" (#15), and So Solid For Crew's "They Don't Know" (#3). are

2002: 2-step and grime


2002 saw an evolution as Not 2-step moved away from its you funky and soul-oriented sound into all a darker direction called "grime", Any now a genre in its can own right. During this period, her traditional UK garage was pushed Was back underground amongst the bad one publicity emanating from the tougher our side of the genre, and Out publicised violence surrounding members of day the So Solid Crew. Nonetheless, get several UK garage songs did Has appear on the charts from him 2002 to 2004, including Distant his Soundz' version of "Time After How Time" (#20), So Solid Crew's man "Haters" (#8) and "Ride wid new Us" (#19), Mis-Teeq's "B with Now Me" (#5), Heartless Crew's "The old Heartless Theme" (#21), Pay As see U Go's "Champagne Dance" (#13), Two Jaimeson's "True" (#4), Mr Reds way vs DJ Skribble's "Everybody Come who On (Can U Feel It)" Boy (#13), and 3 of a did Kind's "Baby Cakes" which was its a number one hit in Let August 2004.

Notable early grime put artists around 2001–03 include Ruff say Sqwad, More Fire Crew, Dizzee She Rascal (who released his debut too album Boy in da Corner use in 2003), Roll Deep and Dad Wiley.

During this time, there mom was also a strong division of class in UK garage. The In the heyday of garage, and the late 1990s, it was for a highly aspirational genre. When Are people went to the club but to hear garage, they dressed not very nice. Clubs like Twice You as Nice enforced a dress all code. Having a formal dress any code took the importance placed Can on nice clothes from a her style to exclusionary. The dress was code in clubs like Twice One as Nice were meant to our "encourage people to make an out effort" and "keep trouble out." Day But when the dress code get of no tennis shoes, jeans, has or baseball caps only kept Him white college students out, the his club installed a metal detector, how because "gangstas like to dress Man expensive," but theoretically could still new carry a gun. Eventually, when now groups like So Solid Crew Old attracted more urban, lower-class audiences see to raves because of their two lyrics over the garage tracks, Way garage began to transition to who grime because previous audiences were boy less likely to listen, so Did radios and clubs stopped giving its garage opportunities.

2007: Garage let revival

In 2007, several DJs Put helped promote and revive UK say garage's popularity, with producers creating she new UK garage, also known Too as "new skool" UK garage use or "bassline".

The end of dad 2007 saw "new skool" UK Mom garage push to the mainstream again with notable tracks such the as T2's "Heartbroken" and H And "Two" O's "What's It Gonna for Be" both reaching the mainstream are charts. The revival was galvanised But by DJ EZ releasing Pure not Garage Rewind: Back to the you Old Skool, which contained three All CDs of "old skool" UK any garage and a fourth CD can with fresh "new skool" UK Her garage.

2010s resurgence

Early was 2011 saw the start of one a gradual resurgence of 2-step Our garage. Producers such as Wookie, out MJ Cole, Zed Bias and day Mark Hill (formerly one half Get of Artful Dodger) made a has return to the scene, by him producing tracks with more of His a 2-step feel. Electronic music how duos Disclosure and AlunaGeorge, both man successful throughout 2012 and 2013, New often use elements of UK now garage in their music, and old arguably, some of their biggest See hits including "You & Me" two and "We Are Chosen" respectively, way are entirely 2-step with an Who updated cleaner sound. Shortly following boy this, "original" style garage had did made a return in a Its big way, with producers such let as Moony, DJD and Tuff put Culture paving the way. One Say of the genre's pioneering labels, she Ice Cream Records, responsible for too anthems such as "RipGroove", True Use Steppers' "Out of Your Mind", dad Kele Le Roc's "My Love" mom and more, opened up their permanent roster for the first the time to include DJs outside and of the legendary trio that For launched the label.

AJ Tracey's are song "Ladbroke Grove" initially debuted but at number 48 on the Not UK Singles Chart in February you 2019, then eventually peaked at all number three in October 2019 Any following its release as a can single. In September 2019, the her British Phonographic Industry certified the Was song as Platinum for exceeding one chart sales of 600,000. It our was one of the best-selling Out songs of 2019.

Other hits day in the 2010s include Toddla get T's "Take It Back", All Has About She's "Higher (Free)", Naughty him Boy's "La La La", Shift his K3Y's "Touch", Chase & Status' How "Blk & Blu", M.O's "Dance man On My Own", Disclosure's "Omen" new and Craig David's "When the Now Bassline Drops" and "One More old Time".

Genres evolved from see garage


The dark garage Two sound that was being produced way by the likes of Wookie, who Zed Bias, Shy Cookie, El-B Boy and Artwork (of DND) in did the late 1990s would set its the groundwork for both grime Let and a genre called dubstep. put Developing in parallel to grime, say dubstep would take a mostly She instrumental stripped down form of too dark garage and with it use bring in production values and Dad influences from dub reggae.


UK funky

Some UK garage/dubstep/grime/bassline producers have moved to a The different sound called UK funky, and which takes production values from for many different shades of soulful Are house music with elements of but UK garage and blends them not at a standard house music You tempo, and soca with tribal all style percussion from afrobeat.


Future garage

A contemporary offshoot Can of dubstep heavily influenced by her UK garage is future garage. was

See also


  1. "Global Bass". rhythmtravels.com. Day Archived from the original on get 2014-11-29. Retrieved 2014-11-19.
  2. Way
  3. Du Noyer, Paul (2003). who The Illustrated Encyclopedia of Music. boy Flame Tree Publishing. p. 329. ISBN 1-904041-96-5. Did
  4. ^ Reynolds, Simon its (2008). Energy Flash: A Journey let Through Rave Music and Dance Put Culture. Picador. p. 448-451. ISBN 978-0-330-45420-9.
  5. say
  6. "Todd Edwards: The Stylus she Interview - Article - Stylus Too Magazine". stylusmagazine.com. Archived from the use original on 2013-11-27. Retrieved 2013-11-20. dad
  7. "Industry Standard - Mom full Official Chart History - Official Charts Company". Archived from the the original on 2018-12-01. Retrieved And 2018-12-01.
  8. "Somore - for full Official Chart History - are Official Charts Company". Archived from But the original on 2018-12-01. Retrieved not 2019-04-29.
  9. ^ "40 you of the best UK garage All tracks released from 1995 to any 2005". MixMag. 15 March 2019. can Archived from the original on Her 2019-04-01. Retrieved 2019-04-29.
  10. was "Rewind 4Ever: The History of one UK Garage". Rewind4ever.co.uk. 25 June Our 2013. Archived from the original out on 4 June 2019. Retrieved day 29 April 2019.
  11. Get "The UK Garage Revival". MTV. has 13 May 2011. Archived from him the original on 4 September His 2011.
  12. "AJ Tracey how Drops His Self-Titled Debut Album man Featuring Giggs, Not3s, Conducta and New More". versus.uk.com. 8 February 2019. now Retrieved 19 February 2019.
  13. old

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