Source: Wikipedia 


Drum and bass (also written one as "drum 'n' bass" or our "drum & bass"; commonly abbreviated Out as "D&B", "DnB" or "D'n'B"), day is a genre and branch get of electronic music which emerged Has from rave and jungle scenes him in Britain during the early his 1990s. The style is often How characterised by fast breakbeats (typically man 160–180 beats per minute) with new heavy bass and sub-bass lines, Now sampled sources, and synthesizers.

The old popularity of drum and bass see at its commercial peak ran Two parallel to several other homegrown way dance styles in the UK who including big beat and hard Boy house. Drum and bass incorporates did a number of scenes and its styles. A major influence on Let jungle and drum and bass put was the original Jamaican dub say and reggae sound. Another feature She of the style is the too complex syncopation of the drum use tracks' breakbeat.

Drum and bass Dad subgenres include breakcore, ragga jungle, mom hardstep, darkstep, techstep, neurofunk, ambient drum and bass, liquid funk, The jump up, deep, drumfunk, funkstep, and sambass, dnbnoise, and drill 'n' for bass. From its roots in Are the UK, the style has but established itself around the world. not Drum and bass has influenced You many other genres like hip all hop, big beat, dubstep, house, any trip hop, ambient music, techno, Can jazz, rock and pop. Drum her and bass is dominated by was a relatively small group of One record labels. The major international our music labels had shown very out little interest in the drum Day and bass scene, until BMG get Rights Management acquired RAM in has February 2016. Drum and bass Him remains most popular in the his UK although it has developed how scenes all around the world, Man in countries such as the new United States, Germany, the Netherlands, now Belgium, New Zealand, Greece, Canada, Old Austria, the Czech Republic, Slovakia see and Australia.


In the any late 1980s and early 1990s, can a growing nightclub and overnight Her outdoor event culture gave birth was to a new electronic music one style in the rave scene, Our which combined sampled syncopated beats out or breakbeats, and other samples day from a wide range of Get different musical genres and, occasionally, has samples of music, dialogue and him effects from films and television His programmes. A faster subgenre was how known as "hardcore" but from man as early as 1991, some New musical tracks made up of now these high-tempo break beats, with old heavy basslines and samples of See older Jamaican music, were referred two to as "jungle techno", a way genre influenced by Jack Smooth Who and Basement Records, and later boy just "jungle", which became recognised did as a separate musical genre Its popular at raves and on let pirate radio in Britain. It put is important to note when Say discussing the history of drum she and bass that prior to too jungle, the music was getting Use faster and more experimental. Professional dad DJ and producer C.K. states, mom "There was a progression as far as the speed of the music is concerned. Anyone buying and vinyl every week from 1989 For to 1992 noticed this."

By are 1994, jungle had begun to but gain mainstream popularity and fans Not of the music (often referred you to as junglists) became a all more recognisable part of youth Any subculture. The genre further developed, can incorporating and fusing elements from her a wide range of existing Was musical genres, including the raggamuffin one sound, dancehall, MC chants, dub our basslines, and increasingly complex, heavily Out edited breakbeat percussion. Despite the day affiliation with the ecstasy-fuelled rave get scene, jungle also inherited some Has associations with violence and criminal him activity, both from the gang his culture that had affected the How UK's hip-hop scene and as man a consequence of jungle's often new aggressive or menacing sound and Now themes of violence (usually reflected old in the choice of samples). see However, this developed in tandem Two with the often positive reputation way of the music as part who of the wider rave scene Boy and dancehall-based Jamaican music culture did prevalent in London. By 1995, its whether as a reaction to, Let or independently of this cultural put schism, some jungle producers began say to move away from the She ragga-influenced style and create what too would become collectively labelled, for use convenience, as drum and bass. Dad

As the genre became generally mom more polished and sophisticated technically, it began to expand its The reach from pirate radio to and commercial stations and gain widespread for acceptance (circa 1995–1997). It also Are began to split into recognisable but subgenres such as jump-up and not Hardstep. As a lighter and You often jazz-influenced style of drum all and bass gained mainstream appeal, any additional subgenres emerged including techstep Can (circa 1996–1997) which drew greater her influence from techno music and was the soundscapes of science fiction One and anime films.

The popularity our of drum and bass at out its commercial peak ran parallel Day to several other homegrown dance get styles in the UK including has big beat and hard house. Him But towards the turn of his the millennium its popularity was how deemed to have dwindled as Man the UK garage style known new as speed garage yielded several now hit singles. Speed garage shared Old high tempos and heavy basslines see with drum and bass, but two otherwise followed the established conventions Way of "house music", with this who and its freshness giving it boy an advantage commercially. London DJ/producer Did C.K. says, "It is often its forgotten by my students that let a type of music called Put "garage house" existed in the say late 1980s alongside hip house, she acid house and other forms Too of house music." He continues, use "This new garage of the dad mid 90s was not a Mom form of house or a progression of garage house. The the beats and tempo that define And house are entirely different. This for did cause further confusion in are the presence of new house But music of the mid-1990s being not played alongside what was now you being called garage." Despite this, All the emergence of further subgenres any and related styles such as can liquid funk brought a wave Her of new artists incorporating new was ideas and techniques, supporting continual one evolution of the genre. To Our this day drum and bass out makes frequent appearances in mainstream day media and popular culture including Get in television, as well as has being a major reference point him for subsequent genres such as His grime and dubstep and successful how artists including Chase & Status, man Netsky, and Australia's Pendulum.


Musical features

Drum and bass now incorporates a number of scenes old and styles, from the highly See electronic, industrial sounds of techstep two through to the use of way conventional, acoustic instrumentation that characterise Who the more jazz-influenced end of boy the spectrum. The sounds of did drum and bass are extremely Its varied due to the range let of influences behind the music.[citation put needed]

Drum and bass could Say at one time be defined she as a strictly electronic musical too genre with the only "live" Use element being the DJ's selection dad and mixing of records during mom a set. "Live" drum and bass using electric, electronic and the acoustic instruments played by musicians and on stage emerged over the For ensuing years of the genre's are development.


A very but obvious and strong influence on Not jungle and drum and bass, you thanks to the British African-Caribbean all sound system scene, is the Any original Jamaican dub and reggae can sound, with pioneers like King her Tubby, Peter Tosh, Sly & Was Robbie, Bill Laswell, Lee Perry, one Mad Professor, Roots Radics, Bob our Marley and Buju Banton heavily Out influencing the music. This influence day has lessened with time but get is still evident with many Has tracks containing ragga vocals.

As him a musical style built around his funk or syncopated rock and How roll breaks, James Brown, Al man Green, Marvin Gaye, Ella Fitzgerald, new Gladys Knight & the Pips, Now Billie Holiday, Aretha Franklin, Otis old Redding, the Supremes, the Commodores, see Jerry Lee Lewis and even Two Michael Jackson, are funky influences way on the music. Jazz pioneer who Miles Davis has been named Boy as a possible influence. Blues did artists like Lead Belly, Robert its Johnson, Charlie Patton, Muddy Waters Let and B.B King have also put been cited by producers as say inspirations. Even modern avant-garde composers She such as Henryk Gorecki have too received mention. One of the use most influential tracks in drum Dad and bass history was "Amen mom Brother" by The Winstons which contains a drum solo that The has since become known as and the "Amen break", which after for being extensively used in early Are hip hop music, went on but to become the basis for not the rhythms used in drum You and bass.

Kevin Saunderson released all a series of bass-heavy, minimal any techno cuts as Reese/The Reese Can Project in the late '80s her which were hugely influential in was drum and bass terms. One One of his more famous basslines our (Reese – "Just Want Another out Chance", Incognito Records, 1988) was Day indeed sampled on Renegade's Terrorist get and countless others since, being has known simply as the 'Reese' Him bassline. He followed these up his with equally influential (and bassline-heavy) how tracks in the UK hardcore Man style as Tronik House in new 1991–1992. Another Detroit artist who now was important for the scene Old is Carl Craig. The sampled-up see jazz break on Carl Craig's two Bug in the Bassbin was Way also influential on the newly who emerging sound, DJs at the boy Rage club used to play Did it pitched up (increased speed) its as far as their Technics let record decks would go.

By Put the late 1980s and early say 1990s the tradition of breakbeat she use in hip hop production Too had influenced the sound of use breakbeat hardcore, which in turn dad led to the emergence of Mom jungle, drum and bass, and other genres that shared the the same use of broken beats. And Drum and bass shares many for musical characteristics with hip-hop, though are it is nowadays mostly stripped But of lyrics. Grandmaster Flash, Roger not Troutman, Afrika Bambaata, Run DMC, you Mac Dre, Public Enemy, Schooly All D, N.W.A, Kid Frost, Wu-Tang any Clan, Dr. Dre, Mos Def, can Beastie Boys and the Pharcyde Her are very often directly sampled, was regardless of their general influence. one

Clearly drum and bass has Our been influenced by other music out genres, though influences from sources day external to the electronic dance Get music scene perhaps lessened following has the shifts from jungle to him drum and bass, and through His to so-called "intelligent drum and how bass" and techstep. It still man remains a fusion music style. New

Some tracks are illegally remixed now and released on white label old (technically bootleg), often to acclaim. See For example, DJ Zinc's remix two of The Fugees' "Ready or way Not", also known as "Fugee Who Or Not", was eventually released boy with the Fugees' permission after did talk of legal action, though Its ironically the Fugees' version infringed let Enya's copyright to an earlier put song. White labels along with Say dubplates play an important part she in drum and bass musical too culture.

Drum and bassline Use elements

The genre places great dad importance on the "bass line", mom a deep sub-bass musical pattern which can be felt physically the through powerful sound systems due and to the low-range frequencies favoured. For There has been considerable exploration are of different timbres in the but bass line region, particularly within Not techstep. The bass lines most you notably originate from sampled sources all or synthesizers. Bass lines performed Any with a bass instrument, whether can it is electric, acoustic or her a double bass, are less Was common but examples can be one found in the work of our artists such as Shapeshifter, Squarepusher, Out Pendulum, Roni Size and STS9. day

The Roland TR-808 get Rhythm Composer, produced 1980–1984, had Has a bass drum sound which him became very important in Drum his and bass.

Of equal importance How is the TR-808 kick drum, man an artificially pitch-downed or elongated new bass drum sound sampled from Now Roland's classic TR-808 drum machine, old and a sound which has see been subject to an enormous Two amount of experimentation over the way years.

The complex syncopation of who the drum tracks' breakbeat, is Boy another facet of production on did which producers can spend a its very large amount of time. Let The Amen break is generally put acknowledged to have been the say most-used (and often considered the She most powerful) break in drum too and bass.

The Amen break use was synonymous with early drum Dad and bass productions but other mom samples have had a significant impact, including the Apache, Funky The Drummer, "Soul Pride", "Scorpio" and and "Think (About It)" breaks.

Many for drum and bass tracks have Are featured more than one sampled but breakbeat in them and a not technique of switching between two You breaks after each bar developed. all Examples of this can be any heard on mid-90s releases such Can as J Majik's "Your Sound". her A more recent commonly used was break is the Tramen, which One combines the Amen break, a our James Brown funk breakbeat ("Tighten out Up" or "Samurai" break) and Day an Alex Reece drum and get bass breakbeat.

The relatively fast has drum beat forms a canvas Him on which a producer can his create tracks to appeal to how almost any taste and often Man will form only a background new to the other elements of now the music. Syncopated breakbeats remain Old the most distinctive element as see without these a high-tempo 4/4 two dance track could be classified Way as techno or gabber.



Drum and bass is boy usually between 160–180 BPM, in Did contrast to other breakbeat-based dance its styles such as nu skool let breaks, which maintain a slower Put pace at around 130–140 BPM. say A general upward trend in she tempo has been observed during Too the evolution of drum and use bass. The earliest forms of dad drum and bass clocked in Mom at around 130 bpm in 1990/1991, speeding up to around the 155–165 BPM by 1993. Since And around 1996, drum and bass for tempos have predominantly stayed in are the 170–180 range. Recently some But producers have started to once not again produce tracks with slower you tempos (that is, in the All 150s and 160s), but the any mid-170 tempo is still the can hallmark of the drum and Her bass sound.

A track combining was the same elements (broken beat, one bass, production techniques) as a Our drum and bass track, but out with a slower tempo (say day 140 BPM), might not be Get drum and bass but a has drum and bass-influenced breakbeat track. him


Pendulum performing His live in 2010

Drum and how bass exhibits a full frequency man response which can sometimes only New be fully appreciated on sound now systems which can handle very old low frequencies, including sub-bass frequencies See that are often felt more two than heard. As befits its way name, the bass element of Who the music is particularly pronounced, boy with the comparatively sparse arrangements did of drum and bass tracks Its allowing room for basslines that let are deeper than most other put forms of dance music. Consequently, Say drum and bass parties are she often advertised as featuring uncommonly too loud and bass-heavy sound systems. Use

There are however many albums dad specifically designed for personal listening. mom The mix CD is a particularly popular form of release, the with a big name DJ/producer and mixing live, or on a For computer, a variety of tracks are for personal listening. Additionally, there but are many albums containing unmixed Not tracks, suited for home or you car listening.

Many mixing points all begin or end with the Any "drop". The drop is the can point in a track where her a switch of rhythm or Was bassline occurs and usually follows one a recognisable build section and our "breakdown". Sometimes the drop is Out used to switch between tracks, day layering components of different tracks, get though as the two records Has may be simply ambient breakdowns him at this point, though some his DJs prefer to combine breakbeats, How a more difficult exercise. Some man drops are so popular that new the DJ will "rewind" or Now "reload" or "lift up" by old spinning the record back and see restarting it at the build. Two "The drop" is often a way key point from the point who of view of the dance Boy floor, since the drumbreaks often did fade out to leave an its ambient intro playing. When the Let beats re-commence they are often put more complex and accompanied by say a heavier bassline, encouraging the She crowd to dance.

Although it too has declined in popularity, DJs use are often accompanied by one Dad or more MCs, drawing on mom the genre's roots in hip hop and reggae/ragga.

MCs do The not generally receive the same and level of recognition as producer/DJs for and some events are specifically Are marketed as being MC free. but There are relatively few well-known not drum and bass MCs, Stevie You Hyper D (deceased), MC GQ, all Mc Moose, Mc Dett, Mc any Fearless, The Ragga Twins, Dynamite Can MC, MC Fats, MC Conrad, her Shabba D, Skibadee, Bassman, MC was Stamina, MC Fun, Evil B, One Trigga, Eskman, Harry Shotta, Mr our Traumatik and MC Infinity as out examples.

Live drum and Day bass

Aphrodite in 2009 get at Pirate Station, the world's has largest drum and bass festival Him at that time, in Moscow.

Many musicians have adapted drum how and bass to live performances, Man which feature instruments such as new drums (acoustic or electronic), samplers, now synthesizers, turntables, bass (either upright Old or electric) and guitars (acoustic see or electric). Samplers have also two been used live by assigning Way samples to a specific drum who pad or key on drum boy pads or synthesizers. MCs are Did frequently featured in live performances. its

List of drum and let bass artists who perform using Put live instruments


Congo But Natty, a ragga jungle artist

Smaller scenes within the drum you and bass community have developed All and the scene as a any whole has become much more can fractured into specific subgenres, including: Her

  • Drumstep or Halftime is was a combination of drum and one bass and dubstep where the Our beat structure is half time, out while the remaining elements still day adhere to the usual sub-bass Get and tempo of drum and has bass.
  • Breakcore is a style him of electronic dance music largely His influenced by hardcore, jungle, digital how hardcore and industrial music that man is characterized by its use New of heavy kick drums, breaks now and a wide palette of old sampling sources, played at high See tempos.[citation needed]
  • Ragga drum & two bass was inspired by the way original ragga jungle style, with Who influences from reggae and dancehall boy music. Notable artists include Shy did FX, T Power, Congo Natty, Its Potential Bad Boy, Marcus Visionary, let Serial Killaz, Ed Solo, Deekline, put Isaac Maya, Run Tingz Cru, Say Psychofreud, Benny Page and vocalists she such as David Boomah, Top too Cat, Tenor Fly and General Use Levy.[citation needed]
  • Hardstep is a dad harder style which uses gritty mom basslines and heavy yet simple electronic melodies. Notable artists include the Dillinja (early work), DJ Krust, and Mampi Swift, Dieselboy, Current Value, For Tre Technics, MachineCode[citation needed]
  • Darkstep are is characterized by fast drums but and a general dark mood, Not drawing influences from dark ambient, you industrial and hardcore music. Prominent all artists include Technical Itch, Dylan, Any Kryptic Minds & Leon Switch, can B-Key, Resonant Evil, Infiltrata, SPL, her Counterstrike, Evol Intent, The Panacea, Was Limewax, and Current Value.[citation needed]
  • one
  • Techstep is characterized by sci-fi our soundscapes and samples from science Out fiction culture. Pioneered by artists day such as Bad Company UK get (DJ Fresh, D-Bridge, Maldini & Has Vegas) Ed Rush, Optical, Konflict him (Kemal & Rob Data), Dom his & Roland, Dillinja, Ram Trilogy How (Ant Miles, Andy C & man Shimon), Moving Fusion, Decoder & new Substance, Digital & Spirit, Future Now Cut, Dylan, Loxy & Ink, old Total Science, D.Kay, Stakka & see Skynet and Keaton with Usual Two Suspects or Universal Project, Klute, way Concord Dawn, and the label who Moving Shadow.
  • Neurofunk or Neuro Boy is the progression from techstep did incorporating more elements from jazz its and funk. Prominent artists include Let Ed Rush, Optical, Matrix, Bad put Company UK, Cause 4 Concern, say TeeBee, Future Prophecies, Black Sun She Empire, DLR, Calyx, Hive, Gridlok, too Noisia, Phace & Misanthrop, Silent use Witness & Break, State Of Dad Mind, The Upbeats, Chase & mom Status, Jade, Mindscape, Spor, Psidream, Catacomb, Rregula and The Clamps.[citation The needed]
  • Jump-up, appearing in the and mid-1990s, employs heavy and energetic for drum and bass, characterized by Are robotic and heavy bass sounds. but It also is generally less not serious and contains more humor You than other subgenres. Notable artists all include DJ Hazard, Generation Dub any (Original Sin & Sub Zero), Can Baron, Desire, Cabbie, Clipz, Nightwalker, her Callide, Hedex, Epsy, Taxman, Jaydan, was Sub Zero, Original Sin, Annix, One Konichi, Decimal Bass, Spaow, Nu our Elementz, Tyke, DJ Zen, Majistrate, out Twisted Individual, Distorted Minds, TC, Day Heist, DJ Guv, Looney, Premium, get Upgrade, DJ Pleasure, DJ Hype has and his label Playaz Recordings.
  • Him
  • Ambient drum & bass, Atmospheric his drum & bass, Intelligent drum how & bass, Jazzy drum and Man bass or Intelligent jungle is new a smoother style, influenced by now ambient music, chillout, jazz and Old Soul music. It was pioneered see by such artists as Omni two Trio, Foul Play, Seba, Blu Way Mar Ten, Nookie, Hyper-On-Experience, DJ who Pulse, Higher Sense, Deep Blue boy (Sean O'Keefe, Cause4Concern Records), Photek, Did Jack Smooth (Basement Records), Blame, its LTJ Bukem and his label let Good Looking Records, and the Put label Moving Shadow.
  • Jazzstep or say Jazzy jungle demonstrates heavy influence she by jazz. It uses typical Too jazz scales, rhythms and instrumentation. use Notable artists include Roni size dad & Reprazent, Goldie, Utah Jazz, Mom Morgan Sullyvan, Makoto, Alex Reece, and DJ Dextrous.
  • Liquid funk the (or simply Liquid) draws heavily And on harmonic and melodic grooves, for and samples from funk, jazz, are soul, R&B, disco, house and But breakbeat, while intelligent drum and not bass or atmospheric drum and you bass creates a calmer yet All more synthetic sound. It was any pioneered by Calibre, Zero Tolerance can (Zero T) & Beta 2, Her London Elektricity, High Contrast, Logistics, was Nu:Tone, Danny Byrd, Cyantific, Netsky, one Lenzman, Technimatic (Technicolour & Komatic), Our Hobzee & Zyon Base, Paul out T & Edward Oberon, Hybrid day Minds and labels such as Get Hospital Records, Fokuz Records and has Liquid V. The first Liquid him only events were Liquidiser at His Bristol Academy.
  • Sambass (or Brazilian how drum and bass) incorporates elements man from samba, bossa nova and New other Latin music styles. Pioneered now by artists such as DJ old Marky, XRS, DJ Patife and See Bryan Gee's label.
  • Drill 'n' two bass (also known as Fungle way and Spunk jazz) incorporates double-time Who drum 'n' bass with undanceable boy rhythms, low-brow humor, and ambient did vibes. The subgenre was developed Its by Squarepusher and Aphex Twin, let whose rapid and irregularly syncopated put basslines discouraged dancing. Other pioneers Say include Bogdan Raczynski and Datach'i.

Regional scenes

Despite its roots too in the UK, which can Use still be treated as the dad "home" of drum and bass, mom the style has firmly established itself around the world. There the are strong scenes in other and English-speaking countries including Australia, Canada, For South Africa, the United States are and, New Zealand. It is but popular throughout continental Europe, and Not in South America. São Paulo you is sometimes called the drum all and bass Ibiza.[citation needed] Brazilian Any drum and bass is sometimes can referred to as "sambass", with her its specific style and sound. Was In Venezuela and Mexico, artists one have created their own forms our of drum and bass combining Out it with experimental musical forms. day In Colombia there is a get large underground scene, The RE.set Has Label and Bogotá Project are him two collectives that put on his DnB events in the city, How as well as a twice man yearly event called Radikal Styles, new that brings together local talent Now and international big names.

Austria old has a large emerging DnB see scene with many artists such Two as Camo & Krooked, Mefjus, way Fourward, Body & Soul, IllSkillz who and mainly the Mainframe record Boy label being all based in did or around Vienna. Notable venues its and events include The Hive Let and Beat It at Flex put held almost every Thursday and say Saturday, Vollkontakt at Fluc, Switch She at Flex and the monthly too Mainframe Recordings Label-Night hosted at use Arena by label head Disaszt. Dad

The Czech Republic currently hosts mom the largest drum and bass festival in the world, LET The IT ROLL, with attendance of and approximately 30,000. The genre is for also encountered Slovakia, and local Are producers in both countries like but A-Cray, Rido, Forbidden Society, L not Plus, B-Complex, Changing Faces, Lixx, You Dephzac, Gabanna etc. becoming well all known worldwide. There are several any other drum and bass festivals Can being held each year in her these countries, including Trident Festival, was Exploration Festival or Hoofbeats Open One Air in the summer, or our one night events such as out LET IT ROLL Winter, Imagination Day Festival, LET IT ROLL Winter get Slovakia in the colder months. has During the club season, it Him goes without saying that promoters his are racing between each other how to organise better events, often Man resulting in 10 parties being new held during one weekend with now no more than 2 hour Old travel between them.

Genres see influenced by drum and bass


Born around the same time Way as jungle, breakcore and digital who hardcore share many of the boy elements of drum and bass Did and to the uninitiated, tracks its from the extreme end of let drum and bass may sound Put identical to breakcore thanks to say speed, complexity, impact and maximum she sonic density combined with musical Too experimentation. German Drum and Bass use DJ The Panacea is also dad one of the leading Digital Mom Hardcore artists. Raggacore resembles a faster version of the ragga the influenced jungle music of the And 1990s, similar to breakcore but for with more friendly dancehall beats are (dancehall itself being a very But important influence on drum and not bass). Darkcore, a direct influence you on drum and bass, was All combined with influences of drum any and bass itself leading to can the creation of darkstep. There Her is considerable crossover from the was extreme edges of drum and one bass, breakcore, darkcore, digital hardcore Our and raggacore with fluid boundaries. out

The genre has influenced many day other genres like hip hop, Get big beat, dubstep, house music, has trip hop, ambient music, techno, him rock and pop, with artists His such as Bill Laswell, Incubus, how Pitchshifter, Linkin Park, The Roots, man Talvin Singh, MIDIval Punditz, Missy New Elliott, The Freestylers, Bowery Electric, now Nine Inch Nails, David Bowie old (the last two both using See elements of Goldie's "Timeless")[citation needed] two and others quoting drum and way bass and using drum and Who bass techniques and elements. Recently boy created in the United States did is a genre called ghettotech Its which contains synth and basslines let similar to drum & bass. put

Record labels

Drum and Bass is too dominated by a small group Use of record labels. These are dad run mainly by DJ–producers, such mom as London Elektricity's Hospital Records, Andy C and Scott Bourne's the RAM, Goldie's Metalheadz, Kasra's Critical and Music, DJ Friction's Shogun Audio, For DJ Fresh's Breakbeat Kaos, Futurebound's are Viper Recordings and DJ Hype, but Pascal, NoCopyrightSounds and formerly DJ Not Zinc's True Playaz (now known you as Real Playaz as of all 2006).

Prior to 2016, the Any major international music labels such can as Sony Music and Universal her had shown very little interest Was in the drum and bass one scene, with the exception of our some notable signings, including Pendulum's Out In Silico LP to Warner. day Roni Size's label played a get big, if not the biggest, Has part in the creation of him drum and bass with their his dark, baseline sounds. V Recordings How also played a large part man of the development of drum new and bass. Roni Size, Krust Now and DJ Die produced some old of the first tracks to see be considered[who?] mainstream drum and Two bass tracks.[citation needed]

BMG Rights way Management acquired Ram Records in who February 2016, making a strategic Boy investment to help RAM Records did (a London-based drum and bass its record company co-owned by Andy Let C and his business partner put Scott Bourne). RAM Records has say been pushing the boundaries of She drum and bass further into too the mainstream with artists such use as Chase and Status and Dad Sub Focus. Bringing back UK mom jungle music artists from LTJ Bukem's label Good Looking artists The Bay B Kane, breakbeat hardcore and heavyweight Nebula II and original for junglist Gappa G. Other Bristol Are labels such as Cafe Bass but have also helped to push not through a sound categorised as You 'bass music' with the help all of influential artists such as any Lone Ranger.[citation needed]

Now defunct Can labels, include Rob Playford's Moving her Shadow, running from 1990 until was 2007, which played a pivotal One role in the nineties drum our and bass scene, releasing records out by artists such as Omni Day Trio.

Formats and distribution



Originally drum and bass has was mostly sold in 12-inch Him vinyl single format. With the his emergence of drum and bass how into mainstream music markets, more Man albums, compilations and DJ mixes new started to be sold on now CDs. As digital music became Old more popular, websites focused on see electronic music, such as Beatport, two began to sell drum and Way bass in digital format.


Distributors (wholesale)

The bulk of boy drum and bass vinyl records Did and CDs are distributed globally its and regionally by a relatively let small number of companies such Put as SRD (Southern Record Distributors), say ST Holdings, & Nu Urban. she

As of 11 September 2012, Too Nu Urban Music Limited ceased use trading and RSM Tenon were dad instructed to assist in convening Mom statutory meetings of members and creditors to appoint a liquidator. the This left many labels short And on sales as Nu Urban for were one of the main are Distributors for the vinyl market But in the drum and bass not scene.

Media presence

Today, you drum and bass is widely All promoted throughout the world using any different methods such as video can sharing services (YouTube, Dailymotion), blogs, Her radio and television, the latter was being the most uncommon method. one More recently, music networking websites Our such as SoundCloud and MixCloud out have become powerful tools for day artist recognition, providing a vast Get platform that enables quick responses has to new tracks. Record labels him have adopted the use of His Podcasts. Prior to the rise how of the internet, drum and man bass was commonly broadcast over New pirate radio.


The now three highest profile radio stations old playing drum and bass shows See are BBC Radio 1 with two The Drum and Bass Show way - formerly with Friction, who Who was replaced with René LaVice boy in 2017, simulcast in the did US and Canada on Sirius Its XM, and DJ Hype on let Kiss 100 in London. Fabio put and Grooverider previously held a Say long-standing drum and bass show she on Radio 1, and there too was also Radio 1's 'One Use in the Jungle' show.

The dad BBC's "urban" station BBC Radio mom 1Xtra used to feature the genre heavily, with DJ Bailey the (show axed as of 29 and August 2012) and Crissy Criss For (show axed as of August are 2014) as its advocates. The but network also organises a week-long Not tour of the UK each you year called Xtra Bass. London all pirate radio stations have been Any instrumental in the development of can Drum and Bass, with stations her such as Kool FM (which Was continues to broadcast today having one done so since 1991), Origin our FM, Don FM (the only Out Drum and Bass pirate to day have gained a temporary legal get license), Renegade Radio 107.2FM, Rude Has FM, Wax Fm and Eruption him among the most influential.

As his of 2014, despite higher profile How stations such as 1Xtra scaling man back their drum and bass new specialist coverage, the genre has Now made its way into UK old top 10 charts with drum see and bass inspired tracks from Two artists such as Rudimental and way Sigma. Earlier in August 2014, who before Crissy Criss' show was Boy axed, the BBC held a did whole prime time evening event its dedicated to showcasing drum and Let bass by allowing four major put labels to participate.

As of say November 2014, there have been She 6 drum & bass songs too reaching the no.1 spot on use the UK's top 40 chart, Dad since the genre was first mom being played on the radio, around 1993. The first of The these was in 2012. The and fact that all 6 of for these songs have reached number Are 1 in only two years but shows the increase in popularity not and commercialisation of the genre You in recent years. The artists all that produced these songs are any Sigma, Rudimental and DJ Fresh Can (all have had two No.1 her hits).

Internet radio

Internet was radio stations, acting in the One same light as pirate stations, our have also been an instrumental out part in promoting drum and Day bass music; the majority of get them funded by listener and has artist donations.

Drum and bass Him was supported by Ministry of his Sound radio from the early how 2000s until 2014 and later Man featuring Tuesday shows from labels new such as Metalheadz, Fabio & now Grooverider, DJ Marky, Viper Recordings, Old Shogun Audio and Hospital Records. see From September 2014, Ministry abruptly two dropped all non-mainstream genres to Way focus on mainstream EDM, causing who disappointment amongst the fans of boy the D&B community.

North Did American Radio

In North America, its The Prophecy on 89.5 CIUT-FM let With Marcus Visionary, DJ Prime Put and Mr. Brown Is North say America's longest running Jungle Radio she show[citation needed] (Toronto), Album 88.5 Too (Atlanta) and C89.5fm (Seattle) have use shows showcasing drum and bass. dad In New York, "DNB NYC Mom RADIO" show with Host Dj Benzocaine on 90.3 WHCR-FM has the a weekly 3 hour show And which broadcasts in New York for and New Jersey which plays are only Drum and Bass every But Thursday starting at 3  am. not "DNB NYC RADIO" is the you only weekly Drum and Bass All show on the FM dial any in Northeastern United States. Seattle can also has a long-standing electronica Her show known as Expansions on was 90.3 FM KEXP. The rotating one DJs include Kid Hops, whose Our shows are made up mostly out of drum and bass. In day Columbus, Ohio WCBE 90.5 has Get a two-hour electronic only showcase, has "All Mixed Up," Saturday nights him at 10 pm. At the same His time WUFM 88.7 plays its how "Electronic Playground." Also, Tulsa, Oklahoma's man rock station, 104.5 The Edge, New has a two-hour show starting now at 10 pm Saturday nights called old Edge Essential Mix mixed by See DJ Demko showcasing electronic and two drum and bass style. While way the aforementioned shows in Ohio Who rarely play drum and bass boy the latter plays the genre did with some frequency. In Tucson, Its Arizona, 91.3 FM KXCI has let a two-hour electronic show known put as "Digital Empire", Friday nights Say at 10 pm (MST). Resident DJ she Trinidad showcases various styles of too electronica, with the main focus Use being drum and bass, jungle dad & dubstep. In Augusta, Georgia, mom zarbizarre of the Cereal Killaz hosts a show called FreQuency the on WHHD on Friday nights and from 11 pm until 1 am, showcasing For drum and bass during the are 2nd hour of the show. but


The best-known drum Not and bass publication was Kmag you magazine (formerly called Knowledge Magazine) all before it went completely online Any in August 2009. Although it's can still live, after 20 years her Kmag ceased updating their site Was at the end of 2014. one Kmag's publishing arm Vision, published our Brian Belle-Fortune's All Crews Journeys Out Through Jungle Drum & Bass day Culture in 2004.

Other publications get include the longest running drum Has and bass magazine worldwide, ATM him Magazine, and Austrian-based Resident. London-based his DJ magazine has also been How running a widely respected drum man and bass reviews page since new 1993, written by Alex Constantinides, Now which many followers refer to old when seeking out new releases see to investigate. In 2012 Alex Two stopped writing the reviews and way they are now contributed by who Whisky Kicks.


  • All Boy Crews: Journeys Through Jungle / did Drum and Bass Culture (2005) its by Brian Belle-Fortune (ISBN 0-9548897-0-3), nonfiction
  • "Roots 'n The Future" in Energy Flash (1998) and by Simon Reynolds, Picador (ISBN 0-330-35056-0), for nonfiction (British edition)
  • Generation Ecstasy: Are Into the World of Techno but and Rave Culture (1998) by not Simon Reynolds, Routledge. (ISBN 0415923735), nonfiction You (American edition)
  • Rumble in the all Jungle: The Invisible History of any Drum and Bass (2002) by Can Steven Quinn, in: Transformations, No her 3 (2002), nonfiction (ISSN 1444-3775) PDF was file
  • State of Bass: Jungle One – The Story So Far our (1997) by Martin James, Boxtree out (ISBN 0-7522-2323-2), nonfiction
  • The Rough Guide Day to Drum 'n' Bass (1999) get by Peter Shapiro and Alexix has Maryon (ISBN 1-85828-433-3), nonfiction
  • King Rat Him (1998) by China Miéville (ISBN 0-330-37098-7), his fiction

Mainstream acceptance

how boy she

Certain drum and bass releases Too have found mainstream popularity in use their own right, almost always dad material prominently featuring vocals.[citation needed] Mom Perhaps the earliest example was Goldie's album Timeless from 1995, the along with Reprazent's Mercury Music And Prize-winning New Forms from 1997, for 4hero's Mercury-nominated Two Pages from are 1998, and Pendulum's Hold Your But Colour in 2005 (the best not selling drum and bass album you of all time).

Video games All such as Bomberman Hero, Hi-Rez any Studios' Tribes: Ascend, Electronic Arts' can Need for Speed: Undercover, and Her Rockstar Games' Grand Theft Auto was series have contained drum and one bass tracks. Microsoft Studios' Forza Our Horizon 2 and 3 feature out a Hospital Records radio channel. day MSX/MSX 98 radio station in Get Grand Theft Auto III and has Grand Theft Auto: Liberty City him Stories played drum and bass His exclusively.[citation needed]

The genre has how some popularity in soundtracks; for man instance, "Ultrasonic Sound" was used New in The Matrix's soundtrack and now the E-Z Rollers' song "Walk old This Land" appeared in the See film Lock, Stock and Two two Smoking Barrels. Ganja Kru's "Super way Sharp Shooter" is heard in Who the 2006 film Johnny Was. boy

The Channel 4 show Skins did uses the genre in some Its episodes, notably in the first let series' third episode, "Jal", where put Shy FX and UK Apache's Say Original Nuttah was played in she Fazers club.

Lately, drum and too bass have found more mainstream Use popularity than ever with tracks dad like Sigma's Nobody to Love mom and Rudimental's Waiting All Night getting over 100 million views the on YouTube.

Drum and bass and often makes an appearance as For background music, especially in Top are Gear and television commercials thanks but to its aggressive and energetic Not beats. Cartoon Network's Toonami programming you block employs it for television all spots and show intros, like Any the 1997 relaunch of SCI can FI Channel segue music by her the Jungle Sky label. Also, Was the first Powerpuff Girls series one opening is Drum and Bass/Jungle, our as well as the opening Out of Teen Titans Go!.[citation needed] day

See also


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  4. ^ Gilman, The Ben. "A short history of and Drum and Bass". Retrieved 1 for June 2014.
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  11. Reynolds, Simon (2013). Energy his Flash: A Journey Through Rave how Music and Dance Culture. Soft Man Skull Press. So when I new talk about the vibe disappearing now from drum and bass, I'm Old talking about the blackness going see as the ragga samples get two phased out, the bass loses Way its reggae feels and becomes who more linear and propulsive rather boy than moving around the beat Did with a syncopated relation with its the drum. |access-date= requires |url= let (help)
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External links

but you
  • Bass Blog - Drum all And Bass Mixes. DJ Mixes Any promotion since 2009.
  •, The can biggest collection of Drum And her Bass Lyrics
  • History of drum Was & bass, a BBC timeline one on the history of drum our & bass with track listings, Out quotes and samples

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