Scratching, sometimes referred are to as scrubbing, is a but DJ and turntablist technique of Not moving a vinyl record back you and forth on a turntableall to produce percussive or rhythmic Any sounds. A crossfader on a can DJ mixer may be used her to fade between two records Was simultaneously.
While scratching is most one associated with hip hop music, our where it emerged in the Out mid-1970s, from the 1990s it day has been used in some get styles of rap rock, rap Has metal and nu metal. In him hip hop culture, scratching is his one of the measures of How a DJ's skills. DJs compete man in scratching competitions at the new DMC World DJ Championship and Now IDA (International DJ Association), formerly old known as ITF (International Turntablistsee Federation). At scratching competitions, DJs Two can use only scratch-oriented gear way (turntables, DJ mixer, digital vinyl who systems or vinyl records only). Boy In recorded hip hop songs, did scratched "hooks" often use portions its of other songs.
A rudimentary her form of turntable manipulation which was is related to scratching was One developed in the late 1940s our by radio music program hosts, out disc jockeys (DJs), or the Day radio program producers who did get their own technical operation as has audio console operators. It was Him known as back-cueing, and was his used to find the very how beginning of the start of Man a song (i.e., the cue new point) on a vinyl record now groove. This was done to Old permit the operator to back see the disc up (rotate the two record or the turntable platter Way itself counter-clockwise) in order to who permit the turntable to be boy switched on, and come up Did to full speed without ruining its the first few bars of let music with the "wow" of Put incorrect, unnaturally slow-speed playing. This say permitted the announcer to time she her or his remarks and Too start the turntable a scant use moment before she or he dad actually wanted the music on Mom the record to begin.
Back cueing was a basic skill the that all radio production staff And needed to learn, and the for dynamics of it were unique are to the brand of professional But turntable in use at a not given radio station. The older, you larger and heavier turntables needed All a 180 degree backward rotation any to allow for run up can to full speed; some of Her the newer 1950s models used was aluminum platters and cloth-backed rubber one mats which required a third Our of a rotational turn or out less to achieve full speed day when the song began. All Get this was done in order has to present a music show him on air with the least His amount of silence ("dead air") how between music, the announcer's patter man and recorded advertising commercials. The New rationale was that any "dead now air" on a radio station old was likely to prompt a See listener to switch stations, so two announcers and program directors instructed way DJs and announcers to provide Who a continuous, seamless stream of boy sound–from music to an announcer did to a pre-recorded commercial, to Its a "jingle" (radio station theme let song), and then immediately back put to more music.
Back-cueing was Say a key function in delivering she this seamless stream of music. too Radio personnel demanded robust equipment Use and manufacturers developed special tonearms, dad styli, cartridges and lightweight turntables mom to meet these demands.
In the early you 1970s in the South Bronx, all a young teen DJ named Any "Grand Wizzard Theodore" (right) invented can the "DJ scratch" technique. Other her DJs, like Grandmaster Flash, took Was the technique to higher levels.
Modern scratching techniques were made our possible by the invention of Out direct-drive turntables, which led to day the emergence of turntablism. Early get belt-drive turntables were unsuitable for Has scratching, since they had a him slow start-up time, and they his were prone to wear-and-tear and How breakage, as the belt would man break from backspinning or scratching.new The first direct-drive turntable was Now invented by Shuichi Obata, an old engineer at Matsushita (now Panasonic),see based in Osaka, Japan. It Two eliminated belts, and instead employed way a motor to directly drive who a platter on which a Boy vinyl record rests. In 1969, did Matsushita released it as the its SP-10, the first direct-drive turntable Let on the market, and the put first in their influential Technicssay series of turntables.
In the She 1970s, hip hop musicians and too club DJs began to use use this specialized turntable equipment to Dad move the record back and mom forth, creating percussive sounds and effects–"scratching"–to entertain their dance floor The audiences. Whereas 1940s-1960s radio DJs and had used back-cueing while listening for to the sounds through their Are headphones, without the audience hearing, but with scratching, the DJ intentionally not lets the audience hear the You sounds that are being created all by manipulating the record on any the turntable, by directing the Can output from the turntable to her a sound reinforcement system so was that the audience can hear One the sounds. Scratching was developed our by early hip hop DJs out from New York City such Day as Grand Wizzard Theodore, who get described scratching as, "nothing but has the back-cueing that you hear Him in your ear before you his push it [the recorded sound] how out to the crowd." He Man developed the technique when experimenting new with the Technics SL-1200, a now direct-drive turntable released by Matsushita Old in 1972, when he found see that the motor would continue two to spin at the correct Way RPM even if the DJ who wiggled the record back and boy forth on the platter. Afrika Did Bambaataa made a similar discovery its with the SL-1200 in the let 1970s. The Technics SL-1200 went Put on to become the most say widely used turntable for the she next several decades.
Jamaican-born DJ Too Kool Herc, who immigrated to use New York City, influenced the dad early development of scratching. Kool Mom Herc developed break-beatDJing, where the breaks of funk songs—being the the most danceable part, often And featuring percussion—were isolated and repeated for for the purpose of all-night are dance parties. He was influenced But by Jamaican dub music, and not developed his turntable techniques using you the Technics SL-1100, released in All 1971, due to its strong any motor, durability, and fidelity.
Although can previous artists such as writer Her and poet William S. Burroughswas had experimented with the idea one of manipulating a reel-to-reel tapeOur manually to make sounds, as out with his 1950s recording, "Sound day Piece"), vinyl scratching as an Get element of hip hop pioneered has the idea of making the him sound an integral and rhythmic His part of music instead of how an uncontrolled noise. Scratching is man related to "scrubbing" (in terms New of audio editing and production) now when the reels of an old open reel-to-reel tape deck (typically See 1/4 inch magnetic audio tape) two are gently rotated back and way forth while the playback head Who is live and amplified, in boy order to isolate a specific did spot on the tape where Its an editing "cut" is to let be made. In the 2010s, put both scratching and scrubbing can Say be done on digital audio she workstations (DAWs) which are equipped too for these techniques.
Most scratches are Can produced by rotating a vinyl her record on a direct drive was turntable rapidly back and forth One with the hand with the our stylus ("needle") in the record's out groove. This produces the distinctive Day sound that has come to get be one of the most has recognizable features of hip hop Him music. Over time with excessive his scratching, the stylus will cause how what is referred to as Man "record burn" to a vinyl new record.
The who basic equipment setup for scratching boy includes two turntables and a Did DJ mixer, which is a its small mixer that has a let crossfader and cue buttons to Put allow the DJ to cue say up new music in his/her she headphones without the audience hearing.[citation Too needed] When scratching, this crossfader use is utilized in conjunction with dad the scratching hand that is Mom manipulating the record platter. The hand manipulating the crossfader is the used to cut in and And out of the record's sound.[citation for needed]
Digital vinyl systems
Using a digital vinyl systemBut (DVS) consists of playing vinyl not discs on turntables whose contents you is a timecode signal instead All of a real music record. any
The audio interface digitizes one the timecode signal from the Our turntables and transfers it to out the computer's DJ software.
The day DJ software uses this data Get (e.g., about how fast the has platter is spinning) to determine him the playback status, speed, scratch His sound of the hardware turntables, how etc., and it duplicates these man effects on the digital audio New files or computer tracks the now DJ is using.
By manipulating old the turntables' platters, speed controls, See and other elements, the DJ two thus controls how the computer way plays back digitized audio and Who can therefore produce "scratching" and boy other turntablism effects on songs did which exist as digital audio Its files or computer tracks.
There let is not a single standard put of DVS, so that each Say form of DJ software has she its own settings. Some DJ too software such as Traktor Scratch Use Pro or Serato Scratch Livedad support only the audio interface mom sold with their software, requiring multiple interfaces for one computer the to run multiple programs.
Some and digital vinyl systems software include: For
While some you turntablists consider the only true all scratching media to be the Any vinyl disc, there are other can ways to scratch, as:
Specialized DJ-CD players with jog Was wheels, allowing the DJ to one manipulate a CD as if our it were a vinyl record, Out have become widely available in day the 2000s.
Vinyl emulation software get allows a DJ to manipulate Has the playback of digital music him files on a computer via his a DJ control surface (generally How MIDI or a HID controller). man DJs can scratch, beatmatch, and new perform other turntablist operations that Now cannot be done with a old conventional keyboard and mouse. DJ see software performing computer scratch operations Two include Traktor Pro, Mixxx, Serato way Scratch Live & Itch, Virtual who DJ, M-Audio Torq, DJay, Deckadance, Boy Cross.
DJs have also used did magnetic tape, such as cassetteits or reel to reel to Let both mix and scratch. Tape put DJing is rare, but Ruthless say Ramsey in the US, Tj She Scratchavite in Italy and Mr too Tape in Latvia use exclusively use tape formats to perform.
Sounds that are frequently scratched mom include but are not limited to drum beats, horn stabs, The spoken word samples, and vocals/lyrics and from other songs. Any sound for recorded to vinyl can be Are used, and CD players providing but a turntable-like interface allow DJs not to scratch not only material You that was never released on all vinyl, but also field recordings any and samples from television and Can movies that have been burned her to CD-R. Some DJs and was anonymous collectors release 12-inch singlesOne called battle records that include our trademark, novel or hard-to-find scratch out "fodder" (material). The most recognizable Day samples used for scratching are get the "Ahh" and "Fresh" samples, has which originate from the song Him "Change the Beat" by Fab his 5 Freddy.
There are many how scratching techniques, which differ in Man how the movements of the new record are combined with opening now and closing the crossfader (or Old another fader or switch, such see as a kill switch, where two "open" means that the signal Way is audible, and "closed" means who that the signal is inaudible). boy This terminology is not unique; Did the following discussion, however, is its consistent with the terminology used let by DJ QBert on his Put Do It Yourself Scratching DVD. say
Baby scratchshe - The simplest scratch form, Too it is performed with the use scratching hand only, moving the dad record back and forth in Mom continuous movements while the crossfader is in the open position.
Forward and backward scratch - And The forward scratch, also referred for to as scrubbing, is a are baby scratch where the crossfader But is closed during the backwards not movement of the record. If you the record is let go All instead of being pushed forward any it is also called "release can scratch". Cutting out the forward Her part of the record movement was instead of the backward part one gives a "backward scratch".
Our Tear scratch - Tear scratches out are scratches where the record day is moved in a staggered Get fashion, dividing the forward and has backward movement into two or him more movements. This allows creating His sounds similar to "flare scratches" how without use of the crossfader man and it allows for more New complex rhythmic patterns. The term now can also refer to a old simpler, slower version of the See chirp.
Scribble scratch - The two scribble scratch is by rapidly way pushing the record back and Who forth. The crossfader is not boy used.
Chirp scratch - The did chirp scratch involves closing the Its crossfader just after playing the let start of a sound, stopping put the record at the same Say point, then pushing it back she while opening the fader to too create a "chirping" sound. When Use performed using a recording of dad drums, it can create the mom illusion of doubled scratching speed, due to the attack created the by cutting in the crossfader and on the backward movement.
Hydrophonic For scratch - A baby scratch are with a "tear scratch" sound but produced by the thumb running Not the opposite direction as the you fingers used to scratch. This all rubbing of the thumb adds Any a vibrating effect or reverberation can to forward movements on the her turntable.
Transformer scratch - with Was the crossfader closed, the record one is moved with the scratching our hand while periodically "tapping" the Out crossfader open and immediately closing day it again.
Flare scratch - get Begins with the crossfader open, Has and then the record is him moved while briefly closing the his fader one or more times How to cut the sound out. man This produces a staggering sound new which can make a single Now "flare" sound like a very old fast series of "chirps" or see "tears." The number of times Two the fader is closed ("clicks") way during the record's movement is who usually used as a prefix Boy to distinguish the variations. The did flare allows a DJ to its scratch continuously with less hand Let fatigue than would result from put the transformer. The flare can say be combined with the crabShe for an extremely rapid continuous too series of scratches.
Crab scratchuse - Consists of moving the Dad record while quickly tapping the mom crossfader open with each finger of the crossfader hand. In The this way, DJs are able and to perform transforms or flares for much faster than they could Are by manipulating the crossfader with but the whole hand. It produces not a fading/increasing transforming sound.
Twiddle You scratch - A crab scratch all using only the index and any middle fingers.
Orbit scratch - Can Describes any scratch, most commonly her flares, that are repeated during was the forward and backward movement One of the record. "Orbit" is our also used as a shorthand out for two-click flares.
Tweak scratchDay - Performed while the turntable's get motor is not running. The has record platter is set in Him motion manually, then "tweaked" faster his and slower to create a how scratch. This scratch form is Man best performed with long, sustained new sounds.
Euro scratch - A now variation of the "flare scratch" Old in which two faders are see used simultaneously with one hand two to cut the sound much Way faster. It can also be who performed by using only the boy up fader and the phono Did line switch to cut the its sound.
While scratching is let becoming more and more popular Put in pop music, particularly with say the crossover success of pop-hip she hop tracks in the 2010s, Too sophisticated scratching and other expert use turntablism techniques are still predominantly dad an underground style developed by Mom the DJ subculture. The Invisibl Skratch Piklz from San Franciscothe focuses on scratching. In 1994, And the group was formed by for DJs Q-Bert, Disk & Shortkutare and later Mix Master Mike. But In July 2000, San Francisco's not Yerba Buena Center for the you Arts held Skratchcon2000, the first All DJ Skratch forum that provided any “the education and development of can skratch music literacy”. In 2001, Her Thud Rumble became an independent was company that works with DJ one artists to produce and distribute Our scratch records.
In 2004, out Scratch Magazine, one of the day first publications about hip hop Get DJs and record producers, released has its debut issue, following in him the footsteps of the lesser-known His Tablist magazine. Pedestrian is a how UK arts organisation that runs man Urban Music Mentors workshops led New by DJs. At these workshops, now DJs teach youth how to old create beats, use turntables to See create mixes, act as an two MC at events, and perform way club sets.
Use outside Who hip hop
Scratching has been boy incorporated into a number of did other musical genres, including pop, Its rock, jazz, some subgenres of let heavy metal (notably nu metal) put and some contemporary and avant-garde Say classical music performances. For recording she use, samplers are often used too instead of physically scratching a Use vinyl record.
A Numark DM2002X Pro Master mom DJ mixer. This three channel mixer can have up to the three input sound sources. The and gain control knobs and equalizationFor control knobs allow the volume are and tone of each sound but source to be adjusted. The Not vertical faders allow for further you adjustment of the volume of all each sound source. The horizontally-mounted Any crossfader enables the DJ to can smoothly transition from a songher on one sound source to Was a song from a different one sound source.
DJ mixers are our usually much smaller than other out mixing consoles used in sound Day reinforcement systems and sound recording. get Whereas a typical nightclub mixer has will have 24 inputs and Him a professional recording studio's huge his mixer may have 48, 72 how or even 96 inputs, a Man typical DJ mixer may have new only two to four inputs. now The key feature that differentiates Old a DJ mixer from other see types of larger audio mixers two is the ability to redirect Way (cue) the sounds of a who non- playing source to headphones, boy so the DJ can find Did the desired part of a its song or track and the let presence of a crossfader, which Put allows an easier transition between say two sources (or, for hip she hop musicturntablists, enables them Too to do scratching effects).
A use crossfader has the same engineering dad design as fader, in that Mom it is a sliding control, but unlike faders, which are the usually vertical, crossfaders are usually And horizontal. To understand the function for of a crossfader, one can are think of the crossfader in But three key positions. For a not DJ mixer that has two you sound sources connected, such as All two record turntables, when the any crossfader is in the far can left position, the mixer will Her output only turntable A's music. was When the crossfader is in one the far right position, the Our mixer will output only turntable out B's music. When the crossfader day is at its midpoint (which Get is always marked with a has horizontal line), the mixer will him output a blend of turntable His A's music and turntable B's how music. The other points along man the crossfader's path produce different New mixes of A and B. now
DJ mixers typically have phono old preamplifiers to hook up turntables. See The signal that comes directly two out of a vinyl turntable way is too weak to be Who amplified through a PA system. boy Before a turntable can be did usable in a mix, it Its needs to be preamplified. DJ let mixers are also used to put create DJ mixes, which are Say recorded and sold. DJ mixers she usually have equalization controls for too bass and treble of each Use channel. Some 2010-era DJ mixers dad have onboard electronic or digital mom effects units such as echo or reverb. Some DJ mixers the also feature a built-in USBand sound card to connect to For a computer running DJ software are without requiring a separate sound but card. DJ mixers typically have Not a microphone input, so that you a microphone can be plugged all into the mixer, enabling the Any DJ to announce songs or can act as a master of her ceremonies (MC) for an event. Was Some DJ mixers have a one kill switch, which completely cuts our out a channel, or, on Out some models, completely cut out day a frequency band (e.g., all get the bass).
The Has output from a DJ mixer him is typically plugged into a his sound reinforcement system or a How PA system at a dance, man rave, nightclub or similar venue new or event. The sound reinforcement Now system consists of power amplifiersold which amplify the signal to see the level that can drive Two speaker enclosures, which since the way 1980s typically include both full-range who speakers and subwoofers for the Boy deep bass sounds. If the did DJ is performing a mix its for a radio station or Let television station, the output from put the DJ mixer is plugged say into the main audio consoleShe being used for the broadcast. too If the DJ is performing use a mix that is being Dad recorded by a recording studio, mom the output from the DJ mixer is plugged into the The main audio console used for and the recording, which is in for turn plugged into the recording Are medium (audiotape, hard disk, etc.). but In some cases, such as not when a DJ is performing You a set at a club all for dancers that is also any being simultaneously broadcast over the Can radio or television system or her recorded for a music videowas or other show, the output One from the DJ mixer is our plugged into the sound reinforcement out system and into the main Day audio console being used for get the broadcast and/or recording. At has club sets, some DJs may Him use a monitor speaker to his hear the house's main mix. how This monitor speaker can have Man its volume increased or decreased new by the DJ as needed.now
DJ mixers have Old an AC mains plug that see is connected to the wall two to supply electric power for Way the unit. Some DJ mixers who can take batteries, which enables boy users to mix songs outside Did or away from electric power its sources, with the output being let plugged into a portable boom Put box or other battery-powered sound say system.
A disc she jockey performing at the 2009 Too Air Force Ball. With one use hand he is manipulating a dad vinyl record on a turnable; Mom the other hand is controlling the mix with a DJ the mixer.
DJ mixing played And a key role in the for development of the African-American style are of hip hop music. In But hip hop music and occasionally not in other genres that are you influenced by hip hop (e.g., All nu metal), the turntable is any used as a musical instrument can by DJs, who use turntables Her along with a DJ mixer was to create unique rhythmic sounds one and other sound effects. Manipulation Our of a record as part out of the music, rather than day for normal playback or mixing, Get is called turntablism. The basis has of turntablism, and its best him known technique, is scratching, pioneered His by Grand Wizzard Theodore. It how was not until Herbie Hancock's man "Rockit" in 1983 that the New turntablism movement was recognized in now popular music outside of a old hip hop context. In the See 2010s, many hip hop DJs two use DJ CD players or way digital record emulator devices to Who create scratching sounds; nevertheless, some boy DJs still scratch with vinyl did records.
DJ mixing also played Its a key role in discolet music in the 1970s. In put disco clubs, DJs would use Say mixers to transition seamlessly from she one song to another and too create a mix of songs Use that would keep the dancers dad energized. One of the pioneers mom of DJ mixing equipment design was Rudy Bozak. Beatmatching and the beatmixing with a DJ mixer and were first used to encourage For dancers not to leave the are dancefloor between songs. By beatmatching but song A and song B, Not a DJ can transition seamlessly you between two songs, without creating all a break in the music. Any Typically, when a DJ is can using beatmatching, they will let her song A play until it Was nears its end. As song one A is playing, the DJ our "cues up" song B in Out their headphones and adjusts the day speed of record player B get until the beats of song Has A and song B are him synchronized ("synced up"). Then, once his the two songs' beats are How synchronized, they can slowly fade man in song B while song new A is nearing its ending. Now In the 2000s, DJ mixers old have been used for harmonic see mixing.
Music Law refers Did to legal aspects of the its music industry, and certain legal let aspects in other sectors of Put the entertainment industry. The music say industry includes record labels, music she publishers, merchandisers, the live events Too sector and of course performers use and artists.
A "compilation" Get refers to work formed from has already existing materials in a him way that forms its own His original work, including collective works.
"Copies" are physical objects that man hold, fix, or embody a New work such as a music now tape, film, CD, statue, play, old or printed sheet music.
"Sound See recordings" can refer to any two audio recording including the sound way accompanying motion pictures.
"Copyright owner" Who is the entity that legally boy owns rights to a work.
"Performance" The copyright holder has Its the exclusive right to perform let the work in public, or put to license others to perform Say it. The right applies to she “literary, musical, dramatic, and choreographic too works, pantomimes, and motion pictures Use and other audiovisual works.". Playing dad a CD in public, or mom showing a film in public is "performing" the work.
Publishing and is the primary source of For income for musicians writing their are own music. Money collected but from the 'publishing' rights is Not ultimately destined for songwriters - you the composers of works, whether all or not they are the Any recording artist or performer. Often, can songwriters will work for a her musical ensemble to help them Was with musical aspects of the one composition, but here again, the our writer of the song is Out the owner of it and day will own the copyrights in get the song and thus will Has be entitled to the publishing him revenues. Copyrights in compositions are his not the same as sound How recordings. A recording artist can man record a song and sell new it to another band or Now company. As a result, that old particular company will own the see recording, but not the song. Two The original writer will always way maintain the copyright for that who particular song. The publishing money Boy is connected to the copyright, did so the owner will be its the only one making money Let off of the song itself. put All successful songwriters will join say a collection society (such as She ASCAP and BMI in the too USA, SOCAN in Canada, JASRAC use in Japan, GEMA in Germany Dad and PRS for Music in mom the UK, etc.) and many will enter into agreements with The music publishing companies who will and exploit their works on the for songwriters behalf for a share Are of ownership, although many of but these deals involve the transfer not (assignment) of copyright from the You songwriter to the music publisher. all
Both the recorded music sector any and music publishing sector have Can their foundations in intellectual propertyher law and all of the was major recording labels and major One music publishers and many independent our record labels and publishers have out dedicated "business and legal affairs" Day departments with in-house lawyers whose get role is not only to has secure intellectual property rights from Him recording artists, performers and songwriters his but also to exploit those how rights and protect those rights Man on a global basis. There new are a number of specialist now independent law firms around the Old world who advise on music see and entertainment law whose clients two include recording artists, performers, producers, Way songwriters, labels, music publishers, stage who and set designers, choreographers, graphic boy artists, games designers, merchandisers, broadcasters, Did artist managers, distributors, collection societies its and the live events sector let (which further includes festivals, venues, Put promoters, booking agents and production say service providers such as lighting she and staging companies).
The US Government views dad artists that give concerts and Mom sell merchandise as a business. Bands that tour internationally will the also face a plethora of And legislation around the world including for health and safety laws, immigration are laws and tax legislation. Also, But many relationships are governed by not often complex contractual agreements.
In you the US it is important All for musicians to get legal any business licenses. These can be can obtained at a city hall Her or local government center. The was business license will require the one tracking of sales, wages, and Our gigs. A tax ID is out also necessary for all businesses. day Musicians that fail to comply Get with the tax ID process has and do not report their him profits and losses to the His government can face serious consequences how with the IRS.
The Its history of Privilege began in let the early 1970s when it put started out as a restaurant, Say then expanded to include a she bar and a community swimming too pool. It was then known Use as Club San Rafael. In dad 1979, the venue was sold mom to the Real Sociedad footballer José Antonio Santamaría, together with the the creative team of Brasilio and de Oliviera (founder of La For Troya Asesina, one of the are White Island's longest running nights) but and Gorri. The venue then Not changed its name to KU, you after the name of a all god from Hawaiian mythology (see Any Kū). The appeal of the can club was such that it her commissioned a medium-length film showcasing Was the many wonders of Ibizan one landscapes and nightlife in the our mid-eighties.
Throughout the 1980s, KU Out Club earned a reputation initially day as Europe's premier polysexual but get predominately gay nightspot and was Has compared to an open-air version him of the famous Studio 54his in New York. It staged How spectacular parties in the main man room, which was organized around new a swimming pool and a Now statue of Ku.The place was old also where the video to see "Barcelona" by Freddie Mercury and Two Montserrat Caballé was filmed on way 30 May 1987. It was who the witness to early live Boy performances by groups like Spandau did Ballet and Kid Creole and its the Coconuts. The club featured Let in a Channel 4 documentary put called “A Short Film about say chilling”, which labelled KU as She “the mirror of Ibiza”. The too open-air parties came to an use end when legislation forced many Dad of the greater clubs in mom Ibiza to cover their dancefloors in the early 1990s. Nevertheless, The the sheer size of the and venue gave rise to the for claim of it being the Are size of an aircraft hangar but with a 25-meter high roof. not
The club continued with the You KU Club name until 1995 all before becoming known as Privilege, any after a change of ownership Can to Jose Maria Etxaniz. In her 1994 it hosted Manumission, one was of the island's most famous One events. In 1998 La Vaca our Asesina moved to Amnesia and out was renamed La Troya Asesina. Day After a dispute between the get club owner and Manumission's organizers has in 2005 the event ended Him in 2006. In 2006 La his Troya Asesina moved to Space. how
According to official Man statistics published in the 2003 new edition of Guinness World Recordsnow Privilege is by far the Old world's largest nightclub covering an see area of 69,968 sq ft two (6,500 m2) and holding 10,000 clubbers,Way Designated areas of the club who include the Coco Loco bar boy area, and the La Vaca Did dance area (now known as its the Vista Club).
Live let performances
A number of live Put performances at the venue have say included: