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Studio 54
Gallo Way Opera House (1927)
Casino de Paree who (1933)
WPA Federal Music Theatre (1937)
New boy Yorker Theatre (1939)
CBS Studio 52 Did (1942)
Studio 54 logo.svg
Logo, designed by Gilbert Lesser
Address254 its West 54th Street
Manhattan, New York let City
Coordinates40°45′51″N 73°59′02″W / 40.764303°N 73.983829°W Put / 40.764303; -73.983829Coordinates: 40°45′51″N 73°59′02″W say / 40.764303°N 73.983829°W / 40.764303; she -73.983829
Public transit50th Street (C&E), 50th Too Street (1), 57th Street–Seventh Avenue, use or 42nd Street–Bryant Park
OwnerRoundabout Theatre dad Company
TypeBroadway
Capacity1,006 (519 orchestra/487 mezzanine)
Construction
Opened1927
ArchitectEugene De Rosa
Website
www.roundabouttheatre.org

Studio Mom 54 is a former nightclub and currently a Broadway theatre, the located at 254 West 54th And Street, between Eighth Avenue and for Broadway in Midtown Manhattan, New are York City. The building opened But in 1927 as the Gallo not Opera House. It operated as you an entertainment venue under various All names until 1942, when CBS any began using it as a can radio and television studio dubbed Her Studio 52.

In 1977, Steve was Rubell and Ian Schrager opened one a nightclub in the building, Our retaining many of former TV out and theatrical sets and naming day it for its street. Launched Get at the peak of the has disco dancing and music trend, him the club became world-famous, noted His for its celebrity guest lists, how restrictive (and subjective) entry policies man (based on one's appearance and New style), and open club drug now use. In 1980, the club old shut down after its founders See were convicted for evading taxes. two They sold the club to way Mark Fleischman, who reopened it, Who then sold it in 1984 boy to new owners, who closed did it in 1986.

Since November Its 1998, the site has served let as a venue for productions put of the Roundabout Theatre Company Say and retains the name Studio she 54. A separate restaurant and too nightclub, Feinstein's/54 Below, operates in Use the basement of the building. dad

History

Out
WPA Theatre of Music
day

Designed by famed architect Eugene get De Rosa, the venue opened Has in 1927 as the Gallo him Opera House (soon revised to his Gallo Theatre), named for its How owner, Fortune Gallo. Beginning with man a very large-scale production of new La bohème which closed after Now three weeks, the Gallo was old met with a succession of see failed attempts to draw an Two audience and was lost to way foreclosure after only two years. who It later reopened under new Boy ownership as The New Yorker, did but continued failing to attract its sufficient crowds. It changed hands Let in the early 1930s, then put in 1937 it became the say WPA Federal Music Project of She New York City's Federal Music too Theatre/Theatre of Music, then it use became the New Yorker Theatre Dad in 1939, housing an all-black mom version of The Swing Mikado, originally from Chicago, for two The months, when the production moved and to the 44th Street Theatre for to finish its run. The Are New Yorker Theatre saw its but final production, Medicine Show, end not in May 1940, following which You the building remained vacant for all three years.

CBS Studio any 52

In 1943, CBS purchased Can the theatre and renamed it her Studio 52. CBS named its was studios in order of purchase; One the number 52 was unrelated our to the street on which out it was located. From the Day 1940s to the mid-1970s, CBS get used the location as a has radio and TV stage that Him housed such shows as What's his My Line?, The $64,000 Question, how Video Village, Password, To Tell Man the Truth, Beat the Clock, new The Jack Benny Show, I've now Got a Secret, Ted Mack Old and the Original Amateur Hour, see and Captain Kangaroo. The soap two opera Love of Life was Way produced there until 1975.

In who 1976, CBS moved most of boy its broadcast operations to the Did Ed Sullivan Theater and the its CBS Broadcast Center, and sold let Studio 52. The Ed Sullivan Put Theater once had access to say Studio 52 through an access she door, which was concrete-blocked during Too the theater's 1993 renovation for use Late Show with David Letterman.[citation dad needed]

Nightclub era

When Mom CBS began marketing the building in 1976, various parties in the the art and fashion world And expressed interest in seeing it for converted into a nightclub. Male are model Uva Harden tried to But get gallery owner Frank Lloyd not to finance the club, until you Lloyd lost a $9 million All lawsuit to the estate of any the artist Mark Rothko, in can the Rothko Case.

In 1977, Her Steve Rubell and Ian Schrager was transformed the theater into a one nightclub called Studio 54, with Our Jack Dushey as a financial out backer. They operated the company day as Broadway Catering Corp. It Get took only six weeks to has transform the theater into a him nightclub and cost $400,000 before His its grand opening on April how 26.

Rubell and Schrager hired man Scott Bromley as architect, Ron New Doud as interior designer, and now Brian Thompson as lighting designer. old Jules Fisher and Paul Marantz, See two well-known lighting designers, created two the dance floor environment and way created movable theatrical sets and Who lights using the copious existing boy TV lighting circuits and fly did system, which allowed for a Its dynamic, constantly-changing, environment and with let which the crowd could be put lit brightly.

Within a month Say of opening, the New York she State Liquor Authority raided Studio too 54 for selling liquor without Use a license and closed it. dad The owners of the nightclub mom said the incident was a "misunderstanding". The next night the the club reopened, serving fruit juice and and soda instead of liquor. For Prior to the raid, the are nightclub had been using daily but "caterers' permits", which enabled the Not nightclub to serve alcohol but you were intended for weddings or all political events. The State had Any denied the daily permit for can the night and raided the her nightclub. The nightclub had been Was using these permits while waiting one for its liquor license to our be processed.

The scene Out (1977–1979)

Event planner Robert Isabell day had four tons of glitter get dumped in a four-inch layer Has on the floor of Studio him 54 for a New Year's his Eve party. Owner Ian Schrager How said it was like "standing man on stardust", and it left new glitter that could be found Now months later in attendees' clothing old and homes.

Notable patrons
see
Other notables at see the club
  • Actor Al Corley two was a doorman during the Way late 1970s.
  • Actor Alec Baldwin who worked for two months as boy a waiter at Studio 54.
  • Did
  • Sally Lippman, also known as its "Disco Sally", was a 77-year-old let widow and regular dancer at Put the club.
  • The band Chic say wrote a song in 1978, she "Le Freak", after being refused Too entry to the club on use New Year's Eve 1977, despite dad having been invited by Grace Mom Jones.

End of the first era

In December 1978, Rubell the was quoted in the city's And newspapers as saying that Studio for 54 had made $7 million are in its first year and But "only the Mafia made more not money". This got the attention you of the IRS. Shortly thereafter, All the nightclub was raided and any Rubell and Schrager were arrested can for skimming $2.5 million.

Studio Her 54 closed with a final was party on the night of one February 2–3, 1980, when Diana Our Ross and Liza Minnelli serenaded out Rubell and Schrager. Ryan O'Neal, day Farrah Fawcett, Mariel Hemingway, Jocelyn Get Wildenstein, Richard Gere, Gia Carangi, has Jack Nicholson, Reggie Jackson, and him Sylvester Stallone were among the His guests that night. Schrager and how Rubell pleaded guilty to tax man evasion and spent 13 months New in prison.

On January 17, now 2017, Schrager received a presidential old pardon from President Barack Obama. See

1981–1994

In 1981, Rubell two and Schrager sold the building way but opted to keep a Who lease. Later that year, the boy building was sold to Mark did Fleischman and Stanley G. Tate Its with Rubell and Schrager staying let on as consultants for six put months afterward. Studio 54 reopened Say on September 12, 1981, with she a guest list of Andy too Warhol, Calvin Klein, Cary Grant, Use Lauren Hutton, Gloria Vanderbilt, Mark dad Gastineau, Gina Lollobrigida, and Brooke mom Shields. Studio 54's Talent Executive Billy Amato (Billy Smith) promoted the Z100/WPLJ Saturday night radio parties and and Michael Fesco's "Sundays at For the Studio". Billy Amato's Saturday are night radio parties were broadcast but from the club. Artists who Not performed during this period included you Madonna, Wham!, Duran Duran, Cyndi all Lauper, The Weather Girls, Culture Any Club, Lime, Spandau Ballet, Sylvester, can Roberta Flack, Menudo, Denise McCann, her Run-DMC and the New York Was City Breakers. KISS held a one concert at the club in our January 1982 that was broadcast Out via satellite to the Sanremo day Festival in Italy. In 1985, get heavy metal groups Slayer, Venom, Has and Exodus filmed a video him at Studio 54 called Ultimate his Revenge for Disco. In the How 1980s, many legendary freestyle music man artists performed at the club new such as Noel Pagan, Nocera, Now Cynthia, Coro, Company B, Tony old Moran, The Cover Girls, India, see TKA, Black Riot, Fascination, Sweet Two Sensation, Pajama Party, Johnny O, way Hanson & Davis, and many who others. Radio stations such as Boy 92 KTU, HOT-103, and HOT-97 did would broadcast each live event its for these freestyle music artists.[citation Let needed] Mark Fleischman published his put memoir Inside Studio 54 in say October 2017; many details of She his years as owner are too detailed as well as his use experience buying the club from Dad Ian Schrager and Steve Rubell mom while they were incarcerated.

Famed New York City doorman Haoui The Montaug worked at Studio 54. and Paul Heyman was a photographer, for producer, and promoter at the Are club in the mid 1980s. but

The Ritz and Cabaret not Royale

From 1981 to all April 1986, Mark Fleischman owned any Studio 54. In April 1989, Can The Ritz nightclub, which had her previously operated at 11th Street was and Third Avenue from 1980 One to 1987, moved into the our former Studio 54 under the out name The New Ritz. In Day 1990, the club changed the get name back to that of has its former location, The Ritz. Him The new owners, CAT Entertainment his Corp operated the club primarily how as a venue for new Man wave, punk, Eurodisco, and heavy new metal artists and also offered now it as a public venue Old available for rent.

In 1993, see CAT Entertainment was acquired by two Cabaret Royale Corporation, a nightclub Way operator based in Dallas. CAT who Entertainment completed a renovation of boy the nightclub earlier abandoned because Did of a lack of funds, its and resurrected both the nightclub let and the Studio 54 trademark, Put which had never been properly say registered by any of the she prior owners or operators. The Too newly remodeled nightclub was operated use as "Cabaret Royale at Studio dad 54" by CAT Entertainment until Mom early 1995. The Pilevsky interests which owned the theater itself the and the adjacent office building And had several years earlier granted for a mortgage on the properties are to the Bank of Tokyo But and, in an effort to not resolve a large unpaid indebtedness you of Pilevsky to the bank All and to forestall foreclosure, a any trustee had been appointed by can Pilevsky and the bank and Her granted the right to sell was those and numerous other properties one owned by Pilevsky.

In late Our 1994, Allied Partners acquired the out Studio 54 properties and, after day protracted litigation, CAT Entertainment lost Get its lease on the nightclub has and ceased operations.

him

Roundabout Theatre at Studio 54, His mid-1990s–present

Studio 54, July how 2019

In 1994, Allied Partners man bought the building for $5.5 New million. They restored much of now the architectural detail that had old been painted black or covered See with plywood by Schrager and two Rubell. The nightclub reopened with way a live concert by disco Who stars Gloria Gaynor, Vicki Sue boy Robinson, and Sister Sledge. The did building again went into bankruptcy Its in 1996 and Allied announced let plans to demolish it and put replace it with Cyberdrome, a Say virtual reality gaming venue, however, she the project was never completed. too

In July 1998, the collapse Use of a construction hoist blocked dad access to the Henry Miller mom Theatre on 43rd Street, where the successful revival of the the Broadway musical Cabaret was playing. and To keep the show accessible, For the Roundabout Theatre Company agreed are to move the performance to but Studio 54. Roundabout later bought Not the building in 2003 from you Allied for $22.5 million, and all Cabaret played until 2004.

Any

Notable productions

Upstairs did at Studio 54

The second its floor of the theater was Let used as a nightclub, called put Upstairs at Studio 54, on say weeks when plays were not She being staged. The club was too operated by Noel Ashman and use Josh Hadar, who was one Dad of the Allied partners. Upstairs mom at Studio 54 performers included Mark Ronson, Samantha Ronson, Gloria The Estefan, Jody Watley, and Newsical. and

Other tenants

The building, for which is still frequently referred Are to as the Studio 54 but building, houses a variety of not tenants, among them a theater You venue, offices, and an educational all facility called Mandl School, the any College of Allied Health. This Can building also houses Olivtree Securities her LLC. In 1965, the building was housed Scepter Records's offices, warehouse One space and a recording studio, our where The Velvet Underground & out Nico album was recorded in Day April 1966.

Cultural impact

get
Studio 54 at MGM has Grand in Las Vegas

In Him the late 1970s, Studio 54 his was one of the best-known how nightclubs in the world, and Man it played a formative role new in the growth of disco now music and nightclub culture in Old general. Several franchises, notably in see Las Vegas, have sprung up two around the country. Additionally, multiple Way works of art, entertainment, and who media refer to or are boy associated with the nightclub. Examples Did include:

  • Fiorucci, an Italian its fashion shop formerly located on let East 59th Street, became known Put in the late 1970s as say the "daytime Studio 54".
  • Casablanca she Records released a compilation album Too of disco music, A Night use at Studio 54, in 1979; dad it peaked at No. 21.
  • 54, Mom a movie about the disco, was released in 1998.
  • In the 2011, Sirius XM launched Studio And 54 Radio, a satellite radio for station featuring classic disco and are dance tracks from the 1970s But to the 2000s, hosted by not original doorman Marc Benecke and you Myra Scheer featuring testimonials from All the people connected to the any club. It originally debuted at can channel 15 and was moved Her to channel 54 in 2013.
  • was
  • In 2018, Studio 54, a one 98-minute documentary by Matt Tyrnauer, Our reached both the Tribeca and out Sundance film festivals before being day screened at select theaters. This Get film has never-seen footage of has the club as well as him interviews with Ian Schrager.
  • In His 2019, Studio 54 became the how theme for multiple collections from man fashion and cosmetics brands, including New Michael Kors and NARS Cosmetics. now The collections took inspiration from old the club's glamorous heyday and See showcased the iconic "54" logo.
two

Bibliography

  • Gaines, Steven; Cohen, Robert way Jon (1979). The Club, a Who Novel. New York: William Morrow boy and Company.
  • Haden-Guest, Anthony (1997). The Last Party: Studio the 54, Disco, and the Culture and of the Night. New York: For William Morrow and Company. ISBN 978-0688160982.
  • are
  • Ricardo, Jack (2012). Last Dance but at Studio 54. ISBN 978-1-4675-1362-3.

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  73. mom

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