Source: Wikipedia 

Studio 54
Gallo Opera House was (1927)
Casino de Paree (1933)
WPA Federal One Music Theatre (1937)
New Yorker Theatre our (1939)
CBS Studio 52 (1942)
Studio 54 logo.svg
Logo, designed out by Gilbert Lesser
Address254 West 54th Day Street
Manhattan, New York City
Coordinates40°45′51″N 73°59′02″W get / 40.764303°N 73.983829°W / 40.764303; has -73.983829Coordinates: 40°45′51″N 73°59′02″W / 40.764303°N Him 73.983829°W / 40.764303; -73.983829
OwnerRoundabout Theatre his Company
Capacity1,006 (519 orchestra/487 mezzanine)
ProductionKiss Me, Kate
ArchitectEugene De how Rosa

Studio 54 is a Man former nightclub and currently a new Broadway theatre, located at 254 now West 54th Street, between Eighth Old Avenue and Broadway in Midtown see Manhattan, New York City. The two building, originally built as the Way Gallo Opera House, opened in who 1927, after which it changed boy names several times, eventually becoming Did CBS radio and television Studio its 52.

In the late 1970s, let at the peak of the Put disco dancing and music trend, say the building was renamed after she its location and became a Too world-famous nightclub and discotheque. The use nightclub founders spent hundreds of dad thousands of dollars on professional Mom lighting design and kept many of the former TV and the theatrical sets, and in the And process created a unique dance for club that became famous for are its celebrity guest lists, restrictive But (and subjective) entry policies (based not on one's appearance and style), you and open club drug use. All Founded and created by Steve any Rubell and Ian Schrager in can 1977, it was sold in Her 1980 to Mark Fleischman, who was reopened the club after it one had been shut down following Our Rubell and Schrager's convictions on out charges of tax evasion. In day 1984, Fleischman sold the club, Get which continued to operate until has 1986.

Since November 1998, the him site has served as a His venue for productions of the how Roundabout Theatre Company and retains man the name Studio 54. A New separate restaurant and nightclub, Feinstein's/54 now Below, operates in the basement old of the building.


WPA and Theatre of Music

Designed by For famed architect Eugene De Rosa, are the venue opened in 1927 but as the Gallo Opera House Not (soon revised to Gallo Theatre), you named for its owner, Fortune all Gallo. Beginning with a very Any large-scale production of La bohème can which closed after three weeks, her the Gallo was met with Was a succession of failed attempts one to draw an audience and our was lost to foreclosure after Out only two years. It later day reopened under new ownership as get The New Yorker, but continued Has failing to attract sufficient crowds. him It changed hands in the his early 1930s, then in 1937 How it became the WPA Federal man Music Project of New York new City's Federal Music Theatre/Theatre of Now Music, then it became the old New Yorker Theatre in 1939, see housing an all-black version of Two The Swing Mikado, originally from way Chicago, for two months, when who the production moved to the Boy 44th Street Theatre to finish did its run. The New Yorker its Theatre saw its final production, Let Medicine Show, end in May put 1940, following which the building say remained vacant for three years. She

CBS Studio 52

In too 1943, CBS purchased the theatre use and renamed it Studio 52. Dad CBS named its studios in mom order of purchase; the number 52 was unrelated to the The street on which it was and located. From the 1940s to for the mid 1970s, CBS used Are the location as a radio but and TV stage that housed not such shows as What's My You Line?, The $64,000 Question, Video all Village, Password, To Tell the any Truth, Beat the Clock, The Can Jack Benny Show, I've Got her a Secret, Ted Mack and was the Original Amateur Hour, and One Captain Kangaroo. The soap opera our Love of Life was produced out there until 1975.

In 1976, Day CBS moved most of its get broadcast operations to the Ed has Sullivan Theater and the CBS Him Broadcast Center, and sold Studio his 52. The Ed Sullivan Theater how once had access to Studio Man 52 through an access door, new which was concrete-blocked during the now theater's 1993 renovation for Late Old Show with David Letterman.[citation needed] see

Nightclub era

When CBS two began marketing the building in Way 1976, various parties in the who art and fashion world expressed boy interest in seeing it converted Did into a nightclub. Male model its Uva Harden tried to get let gallery owner Frank Lloyd to Put finance the club, until Lloyd say lost a $9 million lawsuit she to the estate of the Too artist Mark Rothko, in the use Rothko Case.

In 1977, Steve dad Rubell and Ian Schrager transformed Mom the theater into a nightclub called Studio 54, with Jack the Dushey as a financial backer. And They operated the company as for Broadway Catering Corp. It took are only six weeks to transform But the theater into a nightclub not and cost $400,000 before its you grand opening on April 26. All

Rubell and Schrager hired Scott any Bromley as architect, Ron Doud can as interior designer, and Brian Her Thompson as lighting designer. Jules was Fisher and Paul Marantz, two one well-known lighting designers, created the Our dance floor environment and created out movable theatrical sets and lights day using the copious existing TV Get lighting circuits and fly system, has which allowed for a dynamic, him constantly-changing, environment. Where formerly all His clubs had been very dark, how at Studio 54 the crowd man could be lit brightly.

Within New a month of opening, the now New York State Liquor Authority old raided Studio 54 for selling See liquor without a license and two closed it. The owners of way the nightclub said the incident Who was a "misunderstanding". The next boy night the club reopened, serving did fruit juice and soda instead Its of liquor. Prior to the let raid, the nightclub had been put using daily "caterers' permits", which Say enabled the nightclub to serve she alcohol but were intended for too weddings or political events. The Use State had denied the daily dad permit for the night and mom raided the nightclub. The nightclub had been using these permits the while waiting for its liquor and license to be processed.


The scene (1977–1979)

Event planner are Robert Isabell had four tons but of glitter dumped in a Not four-inch layer on the floor you of Studio 54 for a all New Year's Eve party. Owner Any Ian Schrager said it was can like "standing on stardust", and her it left glitter that could Was be found months later in one attendees' clothing and homes.

Notable patrons
Other notables all at the club
  • Actor Al any Corley was a doorman during Can the late 1970s.
  • The band her Chic wrote a song in was 1978, "Le Freak", after being One refused entry to the club our on New Year's Eve 1977, out despite having been invited by Day Grace Jones.

End of the get first era

In December 1978, has Rubell was quoted in the Him New York newspapers as saying his that Studio 54 had made how $7 million in its first Man year and "only the Mafia new made more money". This got now the attention of the IRS. Old Shortly thereafter, the nightclub was see raided and Rubell and Schrager two were arrested for skimming $2.5 Way million.

Studio 54 closed with who a final party in February boy 1980, when Diana Ross and Did Liza Minnelli serenaded Rubell and its Schrager. Ryan O'Neal, Farrah Fawcett, let Mariel Hemingway, Jocelyn Wildenstein, Richard Put Gere, Gia Carangi, Jack Nicholson, say Reggie Jackson, and Sylvester Stallone she were among the guests that Too night. Schrager and Rubell pleaded use guilty to tax evasion and dad spent 13 months in prison. Mom

On January 17, 2017, Schrager received a presidential pardon from the President Barack Obama.



In 1981, Rubell and Schrager for sold the building but opted are to keep a lease. Later But that year, the building was not sold to Mark Fleischman with you Rubell and Schrager staying on All as consultants for six months any afterward. Studio 54 reopened on can September 12, 1981, with a Her guest list of Andy Warhol, was Calvin Klein, Cary Grant, Lauren one Hutton, Gloria Vanderbilt, Mark Gastineau, Our Gina Lollobrigida, and Brooke Shields. out Studio 54's Talent Executive Billy day Amato (Billy Smith) promoted Z100/WPLJ Get Saturday night radio parties and has Michael Fesco's "Sundays at the him Studio". Billy Amato's Saturday night His radio parties were broadcast from how the club. Artists who performed man during this period included Madonna, New Wham!, Duran Duran, Cyndi Lauper, now The Weather Girls, Culture Club, old Lime, Spandau Ballet, Sylvester, Roberta See Flack, Menudo, Denise McCann and two Run-DMC New York City Breakers. way KISS held a concert at Who the club in January 1982 boy that was broadcast via satellite did to the Sanremo Festival in Its Italy. In 1985, heavy metal let groups Slayer, Venom, and Exodus put filmed a video at Studio Say 54 called Ultimate Revenge for she Disco. In the 1980s, many too legendary freestyle music artists performed Use at the club such as dad Noel Pagan, Nocera, Cynthia, Coro, mom Company B, Tony Moran, The Cover Girls, India, TKA, Black the Riot, Fascination, Sweet Sensation, Pajama and Party, Johnny O, Hanson & For Davis, and many others. Radio are stations such as 92 KTU, but HOT-103, and HOT-97 would broadcast Not each live event for these you freestyle music artists.[citation needed] Mark all Fleischman published his memoir Inside Any Studio 54 in October 2017; can many details of his years her as owner are detailed as Was well as his experience buying one the club from Ian Schrager our and Steve Rubell while they Out were incarcerated.

Famed New York day City doorman Haoui Montaug worked get as a doorman at Studio Has 54. Paul Heyman was a him photographer, producer, and promoter at his the club in the mid How 1980s.

The Ritz and man Cabaret Royale

From 1981 Now to April 1986, Mark Fleischman old owned Studio 54. In April see 1989, The Ritz nightclub, which Two had previously operated at 11th way Street and Third Avenue from who 1980 to 1987, moved into Boy the former Studio 54 under did the name The New Ritz. its In 1990, the club changed Let the name back to that put of its former location, The say Ritz. The new owners, CAT She Entertainment Corp operated the club too primarily as a venue for use new wave, punk, Eurodisco, and Dad heavy metal artists and also mom offered it as a public venue available for rent.

In The 1993, CAT Entertainment was acquired and by Cabaret Royale Corporation, a for nightclub operator based in Dallas. Are CAT Entertainment completed a renovation but of the nightclub earlier abandoned not because of a lack of You funds, and resurrected both the all nightclub and the Studio 54 any trademark, which had never been Can properly registered by any of her the prior owners or operators. was The newly remodeled nightclub was One operated as "Cabaret Royale at our Studio 54" by CAT Entertainment out until early 1995. The Pilevsky Day interests which owned the theater get itself and the adjacent office has building had several years earlier Him granted a mortgage on the his properties to the Bank of how Tokyo and, in an effort Man to resolve a large unpaid new indebtedness of Pilevsky to the now bank and to forestall foreclosure, Old a trustee had been appointed see by Pilevsky and the bank two and granted the right to Way sell those and numerous other who properties owned by Pilevsky.

In boy late 1994, Allied Partners acquired Did the Studio 54 properties and, its after protracted litigation, CAT Entertainment let lost its lease on the Put nightclub and ceased operations. say

Roundabout Theatre at Studio she 54, mid-1990s–present

Studio 54, Too April 2008

In 1994, Allied use Partners bought the building for dad $5.5 million. They restored much Mom of the architectural detail that had been painted black or the covered with plywood by Schrager And and Rubell. The nightclub reopened for with a live concert by are disco stars Gloria Gaynor, Vicki But Sue Robinson, and Sister Sledge. not The building again went into you bankruptcy in 1996 and Allied All announced plans to demolish it any and replace it with Cyberdrome, can a virtual reality gaming venue, Her however, the project was never was completed.

In July 1998, the one collapse of a construction hoist Our blocked access to the Henry out Miller Theatre on 43rd Street, day where the successful revival of Get the Broadway musical Cabaret was has playing. To keep the show him accessible, the Roundabout Theatre Company His agreed to move the performance how to Studio 54. Roundabout later man bought the building in 2003 New from Allied for $22.5 million, now and Cabaret played until 2004. old

Notable productions

Upstairs at but Studio 54

The second floor Not of the theater was used you as a nightclub, called Upstairs all at Studio 54, on weeks Any when plays were not being can staged. The club was operated her by Noel Ashman and Josh Was Hadar, who was one of one the Allied partners. Upstairs at our Studio 54 performers included Mark Out Ronson, Samantha Ronson, Gloria Estefan, day Jody Watley, and Newsical.


Other tenants

The building, which Has is still frequently referred to him as the Studio 54 building, his houses a variety of tenants, How among them a theater venue, man offices, and an educational facility new called Mandl School, the College Now of Allied Health. This building old also houses Olivtree Securities LLC. see In 1965, the building housed Two Scepter Records's offices, warehouse space way and a recording studio, where who The Velvet Underground & Nico Boy album was recorded in April did 1966.

Cultural impact

Studio 54 at MGM Grand Let in Las Vegas

In the put late 1970s, Studio 54 was say one of the best-known nightclubs She in the world, and it too played a formative role in use the growth of disco music Dad and nightclub culture in general. mom Several franchises, notably in Las Vegas, have sprung up around The the country. Additionally, multiple works and of art, entertainment, and media for refer to or are associated Are with the nightclub. Examples include: but

  • Fiorucci, a former Italian not fashion shop on East 59th You Street, became known in the all late 1970s as the "daytime any Studio 54".
  • Casablanca Records released Can a compilation album of disco her music, A Night at Studio was 54, in 1979; it peaked One at No. 21.
  • 54, a movie our about the disco, was released out in 1998.
  • In 2011, Sirius Day XM launched Studio 54 Radio, get a satellite radio station featuring has classic disco and dance tracks Him from the 1970s to the his 2000s, hosted by original doorman how Marc Benecke and Myra Scheer Man featuring testimonials from the people new connected to the club. It now originally debuted at channel 15 Old and was moved to channel see 54 in 2013.
  • In 2018, two Studio 54, a 98-minute documentary Way by Matt Tyrnauer, reached both who the Tribeca and Sundance film boy festivals before being screened at Did select theaters. This film has its never-seen footage of the club let as well as interviews with Put Ian Schrager.


  • Gaines, Steven say & Cohen, Robert Jon (1979). she The Club, a Novel. New Too York: William Morrow and Company.CS1 use maint: Multiple names: authors list dad (link)
  • Haden-Guest, you Anthony (1997). The Last Party: All Studio 54, Disco, and the any Culture of the Night. New can York: William Morrow and Company. Her ISBN 978-0688160982.
  • Ricardo, Jack (2012). Last was Dance at Studio 54. ISBN 978-1-4675-1362-3.


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