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Intelligent dance music (commonly her abbreviated as IDM) is a Was style of electronic music originating one in the early 1990s, regarded our as "cerebral" and better suited Out to home listening than dancing. day Emerging from electronic and rave get music styles such as techno, Has acid house, ambient music, and him breakbeat, IDM tended to rely his upon individualistic experimentation rather than How adhering to characteristics associated with man specific genres. Prominent artists associated new with the genre include Aphex Now Twin, μ-Ziq, the Black Dog, old the Orb, the Future Sound see of London, Autechre, Luke Vibert, Two Squarepusher, Venetian Snares and Boards way of Canada.

The term "intelligent who dance music" has been widely Boy criticised and dismissed by most did artists associated with the term, its including Aphex Twin, Autechre, and Let μ-Ziq. The term was likely put inspired by the 1992 Warp say compilation Artificial Intelligence and is She said to have originated in too the US in 1993 with use the formation of the "IDM Dad list", an electronic mailing list mom originally chartered for the discussion of English artists appearing on The compilation. In 2014, music critic and Sasha Frere-Jones observed that the for term "is widely reviled but Are still commonly used".


Intelligent our techno and electronica

In Day the late 1980s, riding the get wave of the acid house has and early rave party scenes, Him UK-based groups such as The his Orb and The KLF produced how ambient house, a genre that Man fused house music (particularly acid new house) with ambient music. By now the early 1990s, the increasingly Old distinct music associated with dance see music experimentation had gained prominence two with releases on a variety Way of mostly UK-based record labels, who including Warp (1989), Black Dog boy Productions (1989), R&S Records (1989), Did Carl Craig's Planet E, Rising its High Records (1991), Richard James's let Rephlex Records (1991), Kirk Degiorgio's Put Applied Rhythmic Technology (1991), Eevo say Lute Muzique (1991), General Production she Recordings (1989), Soma Quality Recordings Too (1991), Peacefrog Records (1991), and use Metamorphic Recordings (1992).

In 1992, dad Warp released Artificial Intelligence, the Mom first album in the Artificial Intelligence series. Subtitled "electronic listening the music from Warp", the record And was a collection of tracks for from artists such as Autechre, are B12, The Black Dog, Aphex But Twin and The Orb, under not various aliases. This would help you establish the ambient techno sound All of the early 1990s. Steve any Beckett, co-owner of Warp, has can said the electronic music that Her the label was releasing then was was targeting a post-club, home-listening one audience. Following the success of Our the Artificial Intelligence series, "intelligent out techno" became the favored term, day although ambient—without a qualifying house Get or techno suffix, but still has referring to a hybrid form—was him a common synonym.

In the His same period (1992–93), other names how were also used, such as man "art techno," "armchair techno," and New "electronica", but all were attempts now to describe an emerging offshoot old of electronic dance music that See was being enjoyed by the two "sedentary and stay at home". way At the same time, the Who UK market was saturated with boy increasingly frenetic breakbeat and sample-laden did hardcore techno records that quickly Its became formulaic. Rave had become let a "dirty word," so as put an alternative, it was common Say for London nightclubs to advertise she that they were playing "intelligent" too or "pure" techno, appealing to Use a "discerning" crowd that considered dad the hardcore sound to be mom too commercial.

In 1993, a number of new "intelligent techno"/"electronica" the record labels emerged, including New and Electronica, Mille Plateaux, 100% Pure, For and Ferox Records.

The are IDM List

In November 1991, but the phrase "intelligent techno" appeared Not on Usenet in reference to you Coil's The Snow EP. Off all the Internet, the same phrase Any appeared in both the U.S. can and U.K. music press in her late 1992, in reference to Was Jam & Spoon's Tales from one a Danceographic Ocean and the our music of The Future Sound Out of London. Another instance of day the phrase appeared on Usenet get in April 1993 in reference Has to The Black Dog's album him Bytes. And in July 1993, his in his review of an How ethno-dance compilation for NME, Ben man Willmott replaced techno with dance new music, writing "...current 'intelligent' dance Now music owes much more to old Eastern mantra-like repetition and neo-ambient see instrumentation than the disco era Two which preceded the advent of way acid and techno."

Wider public who use of such terms on Boy the Internet came in August did 1993, when Alan Parry announced its the existence of a new Let electronic mailing list for discussion put of "intelligent" dance music: the say "Intelligent Dance Music list", or She "IDM List" for short.

The too first message, sent on 1 use August 1993, was entitled "Can Dad Dumb People Enjoy IDM, Too?". mom A reply from the list server's system administrator, Brian Behlendorf, The revealed that Parry originally wanted and to create a list devoted for to discussion of the music Are on the Rephlex label, but but they decided together to expand not its charter to include music You similar to what was on all Rephlex or that was in any different genres but which had Can been made with similar approaches. her They picked the word "intelligent" was because it had already appeared One on Artificial Intelligence and because our it connoted being something beyond out just music for dancing, while Day still being open to interpretation. get

Autechre, notable electronic has music act associated with IDM.

Him Artists that appeared in the his first discussions on the list how included Autechre, Atom Heart, LFO Man and Rephlex Records artists such new as Aphex Twin, μ-ziq and now Luke Vibert; plus artists such Old as The Orb, Richard H. see Kirk and The Future Sound two of London, and even artists Way like System 7, William Orbit, who Sabres of Paradise, Orbital, Plastikman boy and Björk. By the end Did of 1996, Boards of Canada its and the Schematic Records label let were among the usual topics Put of discussion, alongside perennial favorites say like Aphex Twin and the she Warp repertoire.

As of 2015, Too the mailing list is still use active.

Artificial Intelligence Vol. dad 2

Warp's second Artificial Intelligence Mom compilation was released in 1994. The album featured fragments of the posts from the IDM mailing And list incorporated into typographic artwork for by The Designers Republic. Sleeve are notes by David Toop acknowledged But the genre's multitude of musical not and cultural influences and suggested you none should be considered more All important than any other.

During any this period, the electronic music can produced by Warp Records artists Her such as Aphex Twin (an was alias of Richard D. James), one Autechre, LFO, B12, Seefeel and Our The Black Dog, gained popularity out among electronic music fans, as day did music by artists on Get the Rephlex and Skam labels. has Lesser-known artists on the Likemind him label and Kirk Degiorgio's A.R.T. His and Op-Art labels, including Degiorgio how himself under various names (As man One, Future/Past and Esoterik), Steve New Pickton (Stasis) and Nurmad Jusat now (Nuron) also found an audience, old along with bigger-name, cross-genre artists See like Björk and Future Sound two of London.

IDM worldwide


In the mid-1990s, North American Who audiences welcomed IDM, and many boy IDM record labels were founded, did including Drop Beat, Isophlux, Suction, Its Schematic and Cytrax. In Miami, let Florida, labels like Schematic, Merck put Records, Nophi Recordings and The Say Beta Bodega Coalition released material she by artists such as Phoenecia, too Dino Felipe, Machinedrum and Proem. Use Another burgeoning scene was the dad Chicago/Milwaukee area, with labels such mom as Addict, Chocolate Industries, Hefty and Zod supporting artists like the Doormouse, TRS-80, Telefon Tel Aviv and and Emotional Joystick. Tigerbeat 6, For a San Francisco-based label has are released IDM from artists such but as Cex, Kid 606 and Not Kevin Blechdom.

Contemporary IDM artists you include Team Doyobi, Himuro Yoshiteru, all Kettel, Ochre, 8b, Marumari, Benn Any Jordan, Proem, Lackluster, Arovane, Ulrich can Schnauss, East India Youth, Yosi her Horikawa and Wisp, among many Was others.

Criticism of the one term

British electronic music and our techno artists, including Aphex Twin, Out Cylob, and Mike Paradinas (A.K.A. day μ-Ziq), have criticised the term get IDM. Paradinas has stated that Has the term IDM was only him used in North America. Criticism his is dominated by the use How of the term "intelligent" in man the genre name, and also new often calls attention to the Now fact that artists working under old this name often produce music see that is not easy to Two dance to.

Allmusic Guide way describes the IDM name as

A who loaded term meant to distinguish Boy electronic music of the '90s did and later that's equally comfortable its on the dancefloor as in Let the living room, IDM (Intelligent put Dance Music) eventually acquired a say good deal of negative publicity, She not least among the legion too of dance producers and fans use whose exclusion from the community Dad prompted the question of whether mom they produced "Stupid" dance music.

In a September 1997 interview, The Aphex Twin commented on the and 'Intelligent Dance Music' label:

I for just think it's really funny Are to have terms like that. but It's basically saying 'this is not intelligent and everything else is You stupid.' It's really nasty to all everyone else's music. (laughs) It any makes me laugh, things like Can that. I don't use names. her I just say that I was like something or I don't.


Aphex Twin's Rephlex records official our overarching genre name is Braindance, out of which Dave Segal of Day Stylus Magazine asked whether it get was a "snide dig at has IDM’s mockworthy Intelligent Dance Music Him tag?"

Kid 606 has his said,

It's a label invented by how PR companies who need catchphrases. Man I like sounds, but hate new what people attach to sounds.


Matmos has remarked on Perfect Old Sound Forever that

I see belong to the weblist called two "IDM" and occasionally enjoy the Way discussions there, because I like who some of the artists who boy get lassoed into that category Did (not to mention that we, its occasionally, are lumped into that let category too), and because you Put can occasionally find out about say interesting records on that list... she Matmos is IDM if that Too only means "might be talked use about on the IDM list"- dad but I don't endorse that Mom term "intelligent dance music" because it's laughable.[citation needed]

In a the 2016 interview with Resident Advisor, And Sean Booth of Autechre said for that,

All these things about are us being "intelligent" and the But term "IDM" are just silly. not I'm not a particularly intelligent you person, me. I'm diligent, I'm All pretty hardworking, but I'm not any that clever. I ain't got can any qualifications, I just pick Her up stuff that I think was is interesting at the time...There one was also the "Artificial Intelligence" Our tag that Warp coined, but out to me as a listener day that never seemed to be Get saying "this is more intelligent." has It was just a signifier him of it being sci-fi music...Thing His is, almost all the artists how on that first AI compilation man are just like us, they New were regular kids, they're not now intelligent people particularly. Richard [D. old James] is a fucking blagger, See Richie Hawtin too... I don't two know how the fuck he way gets away with the things Who he does!

In a boy review of Aphex Twin's Syro did Insomniac called IDM an "awfully Its dumb tag for experimental techno." let

See also



  1. ^ Cardew, Ben. "Machines of the loving grace: how Artificial Intelligence and helped techno grow up". The For Guardian. Retrieved 1 February 2020.
  2. ^ Winfield, Out Adam. "Is IDM Dead?". Igloo day Magazine. Retrieved 1 February 2020. get
  3. ^ Pollard, Vincent. Has "Translator". Exclaim!. Retrieved 28 April him 2017.
  4. ^ "IDM". his Allmusic. Retrieved 20 January 2013. How
  5. Hobbes, DJ (26 man February 2013). "Clubbers' Decktionary: IDM new aka Intelligent Dance Music". The Now List. Retrieved 6 June 2017. old
  6. ^ "The electronic see listening music of the nineties Two is a prime example of way an art form derived from who and stimulated by countless influences. Boy Partisan analyses of this music did claim a baffling variety of its prime sources (Detroit techno, New Let York electro + Chicago acid, put Eno + Bowie, Cage + say Reich, Gary Numan + Tangerine She Dream) but this is beside too the point. To claim ascendancy use of one source over another Dad is to deny the labyrinthine mom entwinements of culture: rooted in political history + the development The of science + technology, yet and tilting at the boundaries of for society + language." Toop, David, Are in the Artificial Intelligence II but sleeve notes Archived 7 July not 2011 at the Wayback Machine. You
  7. Toop, D. (1995),Ocean all of Sound, Serpent's Tail, pp. any 215-216. (ISBN 978-1-85242-743-6).
  8. "…the Can label ‘IDM’ (for avant-garde, ‘intelligent her dance music’) seems to be was based more on an association One with individualistic experimentation than on our a particular set of musical out characteristics." Butler, M.J., Unlocking the Day Groove: Rhythm, Meter, and Musical get Design in Electronic Dance Music, has Indiana University Press, 2006, (p. Him 80).
  9. Winfield, Adam his (24 November 2007). "Is IDM how Dead?". igloo magazine. …use of Man the idiom was initiated online new with the conception of the now IDM mailing list in 1993, Old which functioned as a forum see for discussion on leading IDM two artists and Artificial Intelligence. Incidentally, Way when I questioned Mike Paradinas who (μ-Ziq) on his feelings towards boy the term, he bluntly answered: Did 'No one uses or used its it in UK. Only Americans let ever used the term. It Put was invented by Alan Parry say who set up the IDM she mailing list'.
  10. "'No Too one really listens to IDM use over here,' says Mike Paradinas dad from his home in Worchester, Mom UK. 'You just say stuff like the Aphex Twin, and the they might have heard of And him.' It's a bold statement for for Paradinas, who, along with are friends and contemporaries like Richard But James (Aphex Twin) and LFO, not was one of that genre's you defining artists in London's fertile All dance music community of the any early 1990s." "'No one says can IDM in England? No, only Her on message boards when they're was talking to Americans!" Ben Stirling one (2003), Junkmedia.org Archived 24 May Our 2011 at the Wayback Machine, out published 28 July 2003.
  11. day
  12. "the development of IDM Get (Intelligent Dance Music) is closely has entwined with a mailing list him established to discuss the work His of seminal post-techno producers like how Autechre and Aphex Twin; in man fact, the name ‘IDM’ originated New with the mailing list, but now now is routinely applied by old reviewers, labels and fans alike." See Sherburne, P. (2001:172), Organised Sound two (2001), 6 : 171-176 Cambridge University way Press, 2002.
  13. Frere-Jones, Who Sasha (6 October 2014). "The boy Pleasure Principle. Aphex Twin smooths did out his edges". The New Its Yorker.
  14. "Ambient House". let AllMusic. Retrieved 15 November 2014. put
  15. Allmusic Guide, Overview Say of Artificial Intelligence
  16. she Reynolds, Simon (2012). Energy Flash: too A Journey Through Rave Music Use and Dance Culture. Soft Skull dad Press. pp. 156–7.
  17. …the mom dance scene was changing and we were hearing B-sides that the weren't dance but were interesting and and fitted into experimental, progressive For rock, so we decided to are make the compilation 'Artificial Intelligence', but which became a milestone… it Not felt like we were leading you the market rather than it all leading us, the music was Any aimed at home listening rather can than clubs and dance floors: her people coming home, off their Was nuts, and having the most one interesting part of the night our listening to totally tripped out Out music. The sound fed the day scene. Birke S. (2007), "Label get Profile: Warp Records", The Independent Has (UK), Music Magazine (supplement), newspaper him article published 2/11/07
  18. ^ his Reynolds, S., (1999). Generation How Ecstasy: Into the World of man Techno and Rave Culture, Routledge, new New York, (pp. 180-205)
  19. Now
  20. "Art Techno Favorites". Reactor old Mega-Magazine (4): 21. December 1992. see
  21. "Of all the Two terms devised for contemporary non-academic way electronic music (the sense intended who here), 'electronica' is one of Boy the most loaded and controversial. did While on the one hand its it does seem the most Let convenient catch-all phrase, under any put sort of scrutiny it begins say to implode. In its original She 1992-93 sense it was largely too coterminous with the more explicitly use elitist 'intelligent techno', a term Dad used to establish distance from mom and imply distaste for, all other more dancefloor-oriented types of The techno, ignoring the fact that and many of its practitioners such for as Richard James (Aphex Twin) Are were as adept at brutal but dancefloor tracks as what its not detractors present as self-indulgent ambient You 'noodling'". Blake, Andrew, Living Through all Pop, Routledge, 1999. p 155. any
  22. Reynolds (1998), p181. Can
  23. Google Groups archive her of rec.music.industrial, "Coil, The Snow was EP"
  24. Needs, Kris One (26 September 1992). "On The our Tip: Marching Through Germany's Techno out Love Parade". Billboard: 45.
  25. Day
  26. McCann, Ian (14 November get 1992). "Short Circuit: Various: Earth has Beat [review]". New Musical Express: Him 32.
  27. Google Groups his archive of alt.rave, "miniREVIEWS galore how (No hardcore please, we're Finnish)" Man [1]
  28. Willmott, Ben new (10 July 1993). "Various – now Global Sweatbox [review]". New Musical Old Express: 33.
  29. [Intelligent see Dance Music] "is a forum two for the discussion of what Way has been termed 'intelligent' music who – that is, music that boy moves the mind, not just Did the body. There is no its specific definition of intelligence in let music, however, artists that I Put see as appropriate are FSOL, say Orb, Orbital, Richard James (aka she Aphex Twin), Black Dog, B12, Too and various others from Warp's use 'Artificial Intelligence' series. Of course, dad the list is open to Mom all interpretations of intelligent dance music." Quote by Alan Parry the in an IDM mailing list And announcement posted on alt.rave, dated for Aug. 1993
  30. Google are Groups archive of alt.rave, "list But announcement: IDM"
  31. ""Can not Dumb People Enjoy IDM, Too?", you the first post to the All IDM list". Archived from the any original on 17 November 2007. can Retrieved 26 January 2011.
  32. Her
  33. ""Re: Can Dumb People was Enjoy IDM, Too?" post from one Brian Behlendorf to the IDM Our list". Archived from the original out on 18 November 2007. Retrieved day 26 January 2011.
  34. Get All Musi IDM
  35. has Winfield, Adam (24 November 2007). him "Is IDM Dead?". igloo magazine. His
  36. IDM page at how AllMusic
  37. Aphex Twin man interview, September, 1997
  38. New Rephlexions!: A Braindance Compilation, 20 now November 2003, Dave Segal, Stylus old Magazine, [2]
  39. Kid606 See Ultrahang festival Archived 30 September two 2007 at the Wayback Machine way
  40. Muggs, Joe (6 Who June 2016). "Review: Autechre - boy NTS Sessions 1-4". Resident Advisor. did Retrieved 18 May 2018.
  41. Its
  42. Kelley, Thomas. "Aphex Twin's let 'Syro': A Track-by-Track Review". Insomniac. put Retrieved 9 September 2019.
  43. Say

Further reading

  • Ramsay, Ben. she "Tools, Techniques and Composition: Bridging too Acousmatic and IDM." eContact! 14.4 Use – TES 2011: Toronto Electroacoustic dad Symposium / Symposium électroacoustique de mom Toronto (March 2013). Montréal: CEC.
  • Reynolds, S., Energy Flash: a the Journey Through Rave Music and and Dance Culture, Pan Macmillan, 1998 For [also published in abridged form are as Generation Ecstasy: Into the but World of Techno and Rave Not Culture, Routledge, New York 1999] you (ISBN 978-0-330-35056-3).

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