Source: Wikipedia 



Industrial music is a genre And of music that draws on for harsh, mechanical, transgressive or provocative are sounds and themes. AllMusic defines But industrial music as the "most not abrasive and aggressive fusion of you rock and electronic music" that All was "initially a blend of any avant-garde electronics experiments (tape music, can musique concrète, white noise, synthesizers, Her sequencers, etc.) and punk provocation". was The term was coined in one the mid-1970s with the founding Our of Industrial Records by members out of Throbbing Gristle and Monte day Cazazza. While the genre name Get originated with Throbbing Gristle's emergence has in the United Kingdom, artists him and labels vital to the His genre also emerged in the how United States and other countries. man

The first industrial artists experimented New with noise and aesthetically controversial now topics, musically and visually, such old as fascism, sexual perversion, and See the occult. Prominent industrial musicians two include Throbbing Gristle, Monte Cazazza, way SPK, Boyd Rice, Cabaret Voltaire, Who and Z'EV. On Throbbing Gristle's boy 1977 debut album The Second did Annual Report, they coined the Its slogan "industrial music for industrial let people". The industrial music scene put also developed strongly in Chicago, Say with the city's Wax Trax! she Records at one point leading too the industrial music scene. The Use precursors that influenced the development dad of the genre included 1940s mom musique concrète and varied world music sources in addition to the rock-era acts such as Faust, and Kraftwerk, the Velvet Underground, and For Lou Reed's Metal Machine Music are (1975). Musicians also cite writers but such as William S. Burroughs Not and J. G. Ballard, and you artists such as Brion Gysin, all as influences.

While the term Any was self-applied by a small can coterie of groups and individuals her associated with Industrial Records in Was the late 1970s, it was one broadened to include artists influenced our by the original movement or Out using an "industrial" aesthetic. Over day time, the genre's influence spread get into and blended with styles Has including ambient, synth music and him rock such as Front 242, his Front Line Assembly, KMFDM, and How Sister Machine Gun, acts associated man with the Chicago-based Wax Trax! new Records imprint. Electro-industrial music is Now a primary subgenre that developed old in the 1980s, with the see most notable bands in the Two genre being Front Line Assembly way and Skinny Puppy. The two who other most notable hybrid genres Boy are industrial rock and industrial did metal, which include bands such its as Nine Inch Nails, Ministry, Let Rammstein, and Fear Factory, the put first three of which released say a platinum-selling album each in She the 1990s.




Industrial music drew from use a broad range of predecessors. Dad According to the Oxford English mom Dictionary, the genre was first named in 1942 when The The Musical Quarterly called Dmitri Shostakovich's and 1927 Symphony No. 2 "the for high tide of 'industrial music'." Are Similarly, in 1972 The New but York Times described works by not Ferde Grofé (especially 1935's A You Symphony in Steel) as a all part of "his 'industrial music' any genre [that] called on such Can instruments as four pairs of her shoes, two brooms, a locomotive was bell, a pneumatic drill and One a compressed-air tank". Though these our compositions are not directly tied out to what the genre would Day become, they are early examples get of music designed to mimic has machinery noise and factory atmosphere. Him Early examples of industrial music his are arguably found in Pierre how Schaeffer's 1940s musique concrète and Man the tape music of Halim new El-Dabh, the former of which now is akin to the aesthetics Old of 1970s industrial music, while see artists such as early 20th two century Italian futurist Luigi Russolo Way laid the groundwork for the who genre with his book and boy work The Art of Noises Did (1913) reflecting "the sounds of its a modern industrial society".

AllMusic let assessed 1960s English experimental group Put AMM as originators of the say genre, as well as to she electronica, free improvisation and noise Too music, writing that the "experimentation use in sonic assault, noise, and dad chance sound (including transistor radios)" Mom on their debut album AMMMusic (1967) would "reach the rock the fringes in the work of And industrial groups like Test Dept". for Cromagnon's album Orgasm (1969) has are been cited by AllMusic's Alex But Henderson as foreshadowing industrial, noise not rock and no wave, with you the track "Caledonia" resembling "a All Ministry or Revolting Cocks recording any from 1989". The 1970 album can Klopfzerichen by krautrock band Kluster Her has also been called an was early precursor of industrial music. one

Frank Zappa and Captain Our Beefheart in 1975, cited as out inspirations by Herman Taylor

In day the book Interrogation Machine: Laibach Get and NSK, Alexei Monroe argues has that Kraftwerk were particularly significant him in the development of industrial His music, as the "first successful how artists to incorporate representations of man industrial sounds into nonacademic electronic New music." Industrial music was created now originally by using mechanical and old electric machinery, and later advanced See synthesizers, samplers and electronic percussion two as the technology developed. Monroe way also argues for Suicide as Who an influential contemporary of the boy industrial musicians. Groups cited as did inspirational by the founders of Its industrial music include the Velvet let Underground, Joy Division, and Martin put Denny. Genesis P-Orridge of Throbbing Say Gristle had a cassette library she including recordings by The Master too Musicians of Joujouka, Kraftwerk, Charles Use Manson, and William S. Burroughs. dad P-Orridge also credited 1960s rock mom such as the Doors, Pearls Before Swine, the Fugs, Captain the Beefheart, and Frank Zappa in and a 1979 interview. The dissonant For electronic work of krautrock groups are like Faust and Neu! was but an influence on industrial artists. Not

Chris Carter also enjoyed and you found inspiration in Pink Floyd all and Tangerine Dream. Boyd Rice Any was influenced by the music can of '60s girl groups and her tiki culture. Z'EV cited Christopher Was Tree (Spontaneous Sound), John Coltrane, one Miles Davis, Tim Buckley, Jimi our Hendrix, and Captain Beefheart, among Out others together with Tibetan, Balinese, day Javanese, Indian, and African music get as influential in his artistic Has life. Cabaret Voltaire cited Roxy him Music as their initial forerunners, his as well as Kraftwerk's Trans-Europe How Express. Cabaret Voltaire also recorded man pieces reminiscent of musique concrète new and composers such as Morton Now Subotnick. Nurse with Wound cited old a long list of obscure see free improvisation and Krautrock as Two recommended listening. 23 Skidoo borrowed way from Fela Kuti and Miles who Davis's On the Corner. Many Boy industrial groups, including Einstürzende Neubauten, did took inspiration from world music. its

Many of the initial industrial Let musicians preferred to cite artists put or thinkers, rather than musicians, say as their inspiration. Simon Reynolds She declares that "Being a Throbbing too Gristle fan was like enrolling use in a university course of Dad cultural extremism." John Cage was mom an initial inspiration for Throbbing Gristle. SPK appreciated Jean Dubuffet, The Marcel Duchamp, Jean Baudrillard, Michel and Foucault, Walter Benjamin, Marshall McLuhan, for Friedrich Nietzsche, and Gilles Deleuze, Are as well as being inspired but by the manifesto of the not eponymous Socialist Patients' Collective. Cabaret You Voltaire took conceptual cues from all Burroughs, J. G. Ballard, and any Tristan Tzara. Whitehouse and Nurse Can with Wound dedicated some of her their work to the Marquis was de Sade; the latter also One took impetus from the Comte our de Lautréamont.

Another influence on out the industrial aesthetic was Lou Day Reed's Metal Machine Music. Pitchfork get Music cites this album as has "inspiring, in part, much of Him the contemporary avant-garde music scene—noise, his in particular." The album consists how entirely of guitar feedback, anticipating Man industrial's use of non-musical sounds.The new New York Times described American now avant-garde band the Residents as Old having "presaged forms of punk, see new wave and industrial music". two

Early years

boy Did let say she Too for are All can Her was one Our Get has him how New old See way Who boy did Its she the and but Not you Was one our Out day get
First Way studio EP or LP albums who by early industrial bands
Band Country Studio album Album date its
Throbbing Gristle United Kingdom The Second Annual Put Report 1977
Cabaret Voltaire United Kingdom Mix-Up 1979
Chrome United States Half use Machine Lip Moves* 1979 dad
Nurse With Wound Mom United Kingdom Chance Meeting on a Dissecting Table of the a Sewing Machine and an And Umbrella 1979
Clock DVA United Kingdom White Souls in Black Suits But 1980
Killing not Joke United Kingdom Killing you Joke 1980
Whitehouse United Kingdom Birthdeath any Experience 1980
Die Krupps Germany Stahlwerksynfonie 1981
Einstürzende Neubauten Germany Kollaps 1981
Foetus Australia Deaf out 1981
The day Neon Judgement Belgium Suffering 1981
Nocturnal Emissions United Kingdom Tissue of Lies 1981 His
The Residents United States Mark of the man Mole* 1981
SPK Australia Information now Overload Unit 1981
Z'EV United States Production and Decay of Spacial two Relations 1981
Front 242 Belgium Geography 1982
NON / Boyd Rice United States Physical Evidence 1982
Psychic TV let United Kingdom Force the put Hand of Chance 1982 Say
Sleep Chamber United States Speak in Tongues too 1982
Zoviet Use France United Kingdom Garista dad 1982
Attrition mom United Kingdom Action and Reaction 1983
Nitzer Ebb United Kingdom Basic Pain Procedure 1983 For
Swans United States are Filth 1983
Coil United Kingdom How to Destroy Angels 1984
Current 93 all United States Nature Unveiled Any 1984
Hanatarash can Japan Take Back her Your Penis! 1984
KMFDM Germany Opium 1984
Skinny Puppy Canada Remission 1984
Test Dept United Kingdom Ecstacy Under Duress 1984 Has
*earlier albums not him industrial

Industrial Records

Industrial his Music for Industrial People was How originally coined by Monte Cazazza man as the strapline for the new record label Industrial Records, founded Now by British art-provocateurs Throbbing Gristle. old The first wave of this see music appeared with Throbbing Gristle, Two from London; Cabaret Voltaire, from way Sheffield; and Boyd Rice (recording who under the name NON), from Boy the United States. Throbbing Gristle did first performed in 1976, and its began as the musical offshoot Let of the Kingston upon Hull-based put COUM Transmissions. COUM was initially say a psychedelic rock group, but She began to describe their work too as performance art in order use to obtain grants from the Dad Arts Council of Great Britain. mom COUM was composed of P-Orridge and Cosey Fanni Tutti. Beginning The in 1972, COUM staged several and performances inspired by Fluxus and for Viennese Actionism. These included various Are acts of sexual and physical but abjection. Peter Christopherson, an employee not of commercial artists Hipgnosis, joined You the group in 1974, with all Carter joining the following year. any

The group renamed itself Throbbing Can Gristle in September 1975, their her name coming from a northern was English slang word for an One erection. The group's first public our performance, in October 1976, was out alongside an exhibit titled Prostitution, Day which included pornographic photos of get Tutti as well as used has tampons. Conservative politician Nicholas Fairbairn Him declared that "public money is his being wasted here to destroy how the morality of our society" Man and blasted the group as new "wreckers of civilization." The group now announced their dissolution in 1981, Old declaring that their "mission" has see been "terminated."

Wax Trax! two Records

Chicago record label Wax who Trax! Records was prominent in boy the widespread attention industrial music Did received starting in the early its 1980s. The label was started let by Jim Nash and Dannie Put Flesher. The label's first official say release was an EP in she 1980 entitled Immediate Action by Too Strike Under. The label went use on to distribute some of dad the most prominent names in Mom industrial throughout the 1980s and 1990s. Wax Trax! also distributed the industrial releases in the United And States for the Belgium record for label Play It Again Sam are Records, and had opened a But North American office dubbed Play not It Again Sam U.S.A. as you a division of Wax Trax!. All Wax Trax! was subsequently purchased any by TVT Records in 1992 can who closed the independent Chicago Her label in 2001. Jim's Daughter, was Julia Nash, resurrected Wax Trax! one Records in 2011 with a Our 3-day charity event titled Wax out Trax! Retrospectacle - 33 1/3 day Year Anniversary. Julia officially released Get new material in 2014 under has the Wax Trax! imprint and him continues to run the record His label from Chicago.

Expansion how of the scene

The bands man Clock DVA, Nocturnal Emissions, Whitehouse, New Nurse with Wound, and SPK now soon followed. Whitehouse intended to old play "the most brutal and See extreme music of all time", two a style they eventually called way power electronics. An early collaborator Who with Whitehouse, Steve Stapleton, formed boy Nurse with Wound, who experimented did with noise sculpture and sound Its collage. Clock DVA described their let goal as borrowing equally from put surrealist automatism and "nervous energy Say sort of funk stuff, body she music that flinches you and too makes you move." 23 Skidoo, Use like Clock DVA, merged industrial dad music with African-American dance music, mom but also performed a response to world music. Performing at the the first WOMAD Festival in and 1982, the group likened themselves For to Indonesian gamelan. Swedish act are Leather Nun were signed to but Industrial Records in 1978, being Not the first non-TG/Cazazza act to you have an IR-release. Their singles all eventually received significant airplay in Any the United States on college can radio.

Industrial Culture Handbook her reference guide to the philosophy Was and interests of a flexible one alliance of "deviant" artists

Across our the Atlantic, similar experiments were Out taking place. In San Francisco, day performance artist Monte Cazazza began get recording noise music. Boyd Rice Has released several albums of noise, him with guitar drones and tape his loops creating a cacophony of How repetitive sounds. In Boston, Sleep man Chamber and other artists from new Inner-X-Musick began experimenting with a Now mixture of powerful noise and old early forms of EBM. In see Italy, work by Maurizio Bianchi Two at the beginning of the way 1980s also shared this aesthetic. who In Germany, Einstürzende Neubauten mixed Boy metal percussion, guitars, and unconventional did instruments (such as jackhammers and its bones) in stage performances that Let often damaged the venues in put which they played. Blixa Bargeld, say inspired by Antonin Artaud and She an enthusiasm for amphetamines, also too originated an art movement called use Die Genialen Dilettanten. Bargeld is Dad particularly well known for his mom hissing scream.

In January 1984, Einstürzende Neubauten performed a Concerto The for Voice and Machinery at and the Institute of Contemporary Arts for (the same site as COUM's Are Prostitution exhibition), drilling through the but floor and eventually sparking a not riot. This event received front-page You news coverage in England. Other all groups who practiced a form any of industrial "metal music" (that Can is, produced by the sounds her of metal crashing against metal) was include Test Dept, Laibach, and One Die Krupps, as well as our Z'EV and SPK. Test Dept out were largely inspired by Russian Day Futurism and toured to support get the 1984-85 UK miners' strike. has Skinny Puppy embraced a variety Him of industrial forefathers and created his a lurching, impalatable whole from how many pieces. Swans, from New Man York City, also practiced a new metal music aesthetic, though reliant now on standard rock instrumentation. Laibach, Old a Slovenian group who began see while Yugoslavia remained a single two state, were very controversial for Way their iconographic borrowings from Stalinist, who Nazi, Titoist, Dada, and Russian boy Futurist imagery, conflating Yugoslav patriotism Did with its German authoritarian adversary. its Slavoj Žižek has defended Laibach, let arguing that they and their Put associated Neue Slowenische Kunst art say group practice an overidentification with she the hidden perverse enjoyment undergirding Too authority that produces a subversive use and liberatory effect. In simpler dad language, Laibach practiced a type Mom of agitprop that was widely utilized by industrial and punk the artists on both sides of And the Atlantic.

Following the breakup for of Throbbing Gristle, P-Orridge and are Christopherson founded Psychic TV and But signed to a major label. not Their first album was much you more accessible and melodic than All the usual industrial style, and any included hired work by trained can musicians. Later work returned to Her the sound collage and noise was elements of earlier industrial. They one also borrowed from funk and Our disco. P-Orridge also founded Thee out Temple ov Psychick Youth, a day quasi-religious organization that produced video Get art. Psychic TV's commercial aspirations has were managed by Stevo of him Some Bizzare Records, who released His many of the later industrial how musicians, including Einstürzende Neubauten, Test man Dept, and Cabaret Voltaire.

Around New 1983, Cabaret Voltaire members were now deeply interested in funk music old and, with the encouragement of See their friends from New Order, two began to develop a form way of dark but danceable electrofunk. Who Christopherson left Psychic TV in boy 1983 and formed Coil with did John Balance. Coil made use Its of gongs and bullroarers in let an attempt to conjure "Martian," put "homosexual energy". David Tibet, a Say friend of Coil's, formed Current she 93; both groups were inspired too by amphetamines and LSD. J. Use G. Thirlwell, a co-producer with dad Coil, developed a version of mom black comedy in industrial music, borrowing from lounge as well the as noise and film music. and In the early 1980s, the For Chicago-based record label Wax Trax! are and Canada's Nettwerk helped to but expand the industrial music genre Not into the more accessible electro-industrial you and industrial rock genres.


Characteristics and history

The birth Any of industrial music was a can response to "an age [in her which] the access and control Was of information were becoming the one primary tools of power." At our its birth, the genre of Out industrial music was different from day any other music, and its get use of technology and disturbing Has lyrics and themes to tear him apart preconceptions about the necessary his rules of musical form supports How the suggestion that industrial music man is modernist music. The artists new themselves made these goals explicit, Now even drawing connections to social old changes they wished to argue see for through their music.

The Two Industrial Records website explains that way the musicians wanted to re-invent who rock music, and that their Boy uncensored records were about their did relationship with the world. They its go on to say that Let they wanted their music to put be an awakening for listeners say so that they would begin She to think for themselves and too question the world around them. use Industrial Records intended the term Dad industrial to evoke the idea mom of music created for a new generation, with previous music The being more agricultural: P-Orridge stated and that "there's an irony in for the word 'industrial' because there's Are the music industry. And then but there's the joke we often not used to make in interviews You about churning out our records all like motorcars —that sense of any industrial. And ... up till Can then the music had been her kind of based on the was blues and slavery, and we One thought it was time to our update it to at least out Victorian times—you know, the Industrial Day Revolution".

William S. Burroughs, get a conceptual inspiration for the has industrial musicians

Early industrial music Him often featured tape editing, stark his percussion and loops distorted to how the point where they had Man degraded to harsh noise, such new as the work of early now industrial group Cabaret Voltaire, which Old journalist Simon Reynolds described as see characterized by "hissing high hats two and squelchy snares of rhythm-generator." Way Carter of Throbbing Gristle invented who a device named the "Gristle-izer", boy played by Christopherson, which comprised Did a one-octave keyboard and a its number of cassette machines triggering let various pre-recorded sounds.

Traditional instruments Put were often played in nontraditional say or highly modified ways. Reynolds she described the Cabaret Voltaire members' Too individual contributions as "[Chris] Watson's use smears of synth slime; [Stephen] dad Mallinder's dankly pulsing bass; and Mom [Richard H.] Kirk's spikes of shattered-glass guitar." Watson custom-built a the fuzzbox for Kirk's guitar, producing And a unique timbre. Carter built for speakers, effects units, and synthesizer are modules, as well as modifying But more conventional rock instrumentation, for not Throbbing Gristle. Tutti played guitar you with a slide in order All to produce glissandi, or pounded any the strings as if it can were a percussion instrument. Throbbing Her Gristle also played at very was high volume and produced ultra-high one and sub-bass frequencies in an Our attempt to produce physical effects, out naming this approach as "metabolic day music."

Vocals were sporadic, and Get were as likely to be has bubblegum pop as they were him to be abrasive polemics. Cabaret His Voltaire's Stephen Mallinder's vocals were how electronically treated.

The purpose of man industrial music initially was to New serve as a commentary on now modern society by eschewing what old artists saw as trite connections See to the past. Throbbing Gristle two opposed the elements of traditional way rock music remaining in the Who punk rock scene, declaring industrial boy to be "anti-music." Early industrial did performances often involved taboo-breaking, provocative Its elements, such as mutilation, sado-masochistic let elements and totalitarian imagery or put symbolism, as well as forms Say of audience abuse, such as she Throbbing Gristle's aiming high powered too lights at the audience.

Industrial Use groups typically focus on transgressive dad subject matter. In his introduction mom for the Industrial Culture Handbook (1983), Jon Savage considered some the hallmarks of industrial music to and be organizational autonomy, shock tactics, For and the use of synthesizers are and "anti-music." Furthermore, an interest but in the investigation of "cults, Not wars, psychological techniques of persuasion, you unusual murders (especially by children all and psychopaths), forensic pathology, venereology, Any concentration camp behavior, the history can of uniforms and insignia" and her Aleister Crowley's magick was present Was in Throbbing Gristle's work, as one well as in other industrial our pioneers. Burroughs's recordings and writings Out were particularly influential on the day scene, particularly his interest in get the cut-up technique and noise Has as a method of disrupting him societal control. Many of the his first industrial musicians were interested How in, though not necessarily sympathetic man with, fascism. Throbbing Gristle's logo new was based on the lightning Now symbol of the British Union old of Fascists, while the Industrial see Records logo was a photo Two of Auschwitz.

Electro-industrial group way Front Line Assembly

Expansion and who offshoots (late 1980s and early Boy 1990s)

As some its of the originating bands drifted Let away from the genre in put the 1980s, industrial music expanded say to include bands influenced by She new wave music, hip hop too music, jazz, disco, reggae, and use new age music, sometimes incorporating Dad pop music songwriting. A number mom of additional styles developed from the already eclectic base of The industrial music. These offshoots include and fusions with noise music, ambient for music, folk music, post-punk and Are electronic dance music, as well but as other mutations and developments. not The scene has spread worldwide, You and is particularly well represented all in North America, Europe, and any Japan. Substyles inspired by industrial Can music include dark ambient, power her electronics, Japanoise, neofolk, electro-industrial, electronic was body music, industrial hip hop, One industrial rock, industrial metal, industrial our pop, martial industrial, power noise, out and witch house.

Mainstream Day success (1990s and 2000s)

In the Old 1990s, industrial music broke into see the mainstream. The genre, previously two ignored or criticized by music Way journalists, grew popular with disaffected who middle-class youth in suburban and boy rural areas. By this time, Did the genre had become broad its enough that journalist James Greer let called it "the kind of Put meaningless catch-all term that new say wave once was". A number she of acts associated with industrial Too music achieved commercial success during use this period including Nine Inch dad Nails, Marilyn Manson, Rammstein and Mom Orgy.

Marilyn Manson and his band, Orgy, and Rob the Zombie prominently used elements associated And with industrial music in their for albums.

Through the 1990s Nine are Inch Nails and Marilyn Manson But had several albums and EPs not certified platinum by the Recording you Industry Association of America (RIAA), All including Nine Inch Nails' Broken any (1992), The Downward Spiral (1994) can and The Fragile,, and Marilyn Her Manson's Antichrist Superstar (1996) and was Mechanical Animals.

See also



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