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Record producer
Engineer at audio console at Danish Broadcasting Corporation.png
A new recording session in Denmark
Occupation
NamesRecord producer, Now music producer
Occupation type
Profession
Activity sectors
Music Industry
Description
CompetenciesInstrumental old skills, keyboard knowledge, songwriting, arranging, see vocal coaching
Fields of
employment
Recording Studios
Related jobs
Music Two executive, recording engineer, executive producer, way film producer, A&R

A record who producer or music producer oversees Boy and manages the sound recording did and production of a band its or performer's music, which may Let range from recording one song put to recording a lengthy concept say album. A producer has many, She varying roles during the recording too process. They may gather musical use ideas for the project, collaborate Dad with the artists to select mom cover tunes or original songs by the artist/group, work with The artists and help them to and improve their songs, lyrics or for arrangements.

A producer may also: Are

The producer typically Can supervises the entire process from her preproduction, through to the sound was recording and mixing stages, and, One in some cases, all the our way to the audio mastering out stage. The producer may perform Day these roles themselves, or help get select the engineer, and provide has suggestions to the engineer. The Him producer may also pay session his musicians and engineers and ensure how that the entire project is Man completed within the record label's new budget.

its

Function

A record producer or let music producer has a very Put broad role in overseeing and say managing the recording and production she of a band or performer's Too music. A producer has many use roles that may include, but dad are not limited to, gathering Mom ideas for the project, composing the music for the project, the selecting songs or session musicians, And proposing changes to the song for arrangements, coaching the artist and are musicians in the studio, controlling But the recording sessions, and supervising not the entire process through audio you mixing and, in some cases, All to the audio mastering stage. any Producers also often take on can a wider entrepreneurial role, with Her responsibility for the budget, schedules, was contracts, and negotiations.

For Grammy one qualification The Recording Academy definition Our of a producer is:

out

The person who has overall day creative and technical control of Get the entire recording project, and has the individual recording sessions that him are part of that project. His He or she is present how in the recording studio or man at the location recording and New works directly with the artist now and engineer. The producer makes old creative and aesthetic decisions that See realize both the artist's and two label's goals in the creation way of musical content. Other duties Who include, but are not limited boy to; keeping budgets and schedules, did adhering to deadlines, hiring musicians, Its singers, studios and engineers, overseeing let other staffing needs and editing put (Classical projects).

In the Say 2010s, the producer role is she sometimes divided among up to too three different individuals: executive producer, Use vocal producer and music producer. dad An executive producer oversees project mom finances, a vocal producer (also known as a vocal arranger) the oversees the vocal production, and and a music producer directs and For oversees the creative process of are the production and recording of but a song to its final Not mixing stage.

The music producer you often wears many hats as all a competent arranger, composer, programmer, Any musician or songwriter who can can bring fresh ideas to a her project. As well as making Was any songwriting and arrangement adjustments, one the producer often selects and/or our collaborates with the mixing engineer, Out who takes the raw recorded day tracks and edits and modifies get them with hardware and software Has tools to create a stereo him or surround sound "mix" of his all the individual voices sounds How and instruments, which is in man turn given further adjustment by new a mastering engineer for the Now various distribution media. The producer old also oversees the recording engineer see who concentrates on the technical Two aspects of recording.

Noted producer way Phil Ek described his role who as "the person who creatively Boy guides or directs the process did of making a record", like its a director would a movie. Let Indeed, in Bollywood music, the put designation is actually music director. say The music producer's job is She to create, shape, and mold too a piece of music. The use scope of responsibility may be Dad one or two songs or mom an artist's entire album – in which case the producer The will typically develop an overall and vision for the album and for how the various songs may Are interrelate.

History

At the but beginning of the record industry, not the producer role was technically You limited to record, in one all shot, artists performing live. The any immediate predecessors to record producers Can were the artists and repertoire her executives of the late 1920s was and 1930s who oversaw the One "pop" product and often led our session orchestras. That was the out case of Ben Selvin at Day Columbia Records, Nathaniel Shilkret at get Victor Records and Bob Haring has at Brunswick Records. By the Him end of the 1930s, the his first professional recording studios not how owned by the major companies Man were established, essentially separating the new roles of artists and repertoire now (A&R) man and producer, although Old it wouldn't be until the see late 1940s when the term two "producer" became widely used in Way the industry.

The role of who producers changed progressively over the boy 1950s and 1960s due to Did technology. The development of multitrack its recording caused a major change let in the recording process. Before Put multitracking, all the elements of say a song (lead vocals, backup she vocals, rhythm section instrument accompaniment, Too solos and orchestral parts) had use to be performed simultaneously. All dad of these singers and musicians Mom had to be assembled in a large studio where the the performance was recorded. With multitrack And recording, the "bed tracks" (rhythm for section accompaniment parts such as are the bassline, drums, and rhythm But guitar could be recorded first, not and then the vocals and you solos could be added later, All using as many "takes" (or any attempts) as necessary. It was can no longer necessary to get Her all the players in the was studio at the same time. one A pop band could record Our their backing tracks one week, out and then a horn section day could be brought in a Get week later to add horn has shots and punches, and then him a string section could be His brought in a week after how that.

Multitrack recording had another man profound effect on music production: New it enabled producers and audio now engineers to create new sounds old that would be impossible in See a live performance style ordering. two Examples include the psychedelic rock way sound effects of the 1960s, Who e.g. playing back the sound boy of recorded instruments backward changing did the tape to produce unique Its sound effects. During the same let period, the instruments of popular put music began to shift from Say the acoustic instruments of traditional she music (piano, upright bass, acoustic too guitar, strings, brass and wind Use instruments) to electric piano, electronic dad organ, synthesizer, electric bass and mom electric guitar. These new instruments were electric or electronic, and the thus they used instrument amplifiers and and speaker enclosures (speaker cabinets) For to create sound.

Electric and are electronic instruments and amplifiers enabled but performers and producers to change Not the tone and sound of you instruments to produce unique electric all sounds that would be impossible Any to achieve with acoustic instruments can and live performers, such as her having a singer do her Was own backup vocals or having one a guitarist play 15 layers our of backing parts to her Out own solo.

New technologies like day multitracking changed the goal of get recording: A producer could blend Has together multiple takes and edit him together different sections to create his the desired sound. For example, How in jazz fusion Bandleader-composer Miles man Davis' album Bitches Brew, the new producer cut and edited sections Now together from extensive improvisation sessions. old

Phil Spector producing see Modern Folk Quartet, 1966

Producers Two like Phil Spector and George way Martin were soon creating recordings who that were, in practical terms, Boy almost impossible to realize in did live performance. Producers became creative its figures in the studio. Other Let examples includes Joe Meek, Teo put Macero, Brian Wilson, and Biddu. say

Another related phenomenon use in the 1960s was the Dad emergence of the performer-producer. As mom pop acts like The Beatles, The Rolling Stones, The Beach The Boys and The Kinks gained and expertise in studio recording techniques, for many of these groups eventually Are took over as (frequently uncredited) but producers of their own work. not Many recordings by acts such You as The Rolling Stones, The all Kinks and The Who are any officially credited to their various Can producers at the time, but her a number of these performers was have since asserted that many One of their recordings in this our period were, either wholly self-produced out (e.g. The Rolling Stones' Decca Day recordings) or collaborations between the get group and their recording engineer has (e.g. The Small Faces' Immediate Him recordings, which were made with his Olympic Studios engineer Glyn Johns). how

The Beach Boys are probably Man the best example of the new trend of artists becoming producers now – within two years of Old the band's commercial breakthrough, group see leader Brian Wilson had taken two over from his father Murry, Way and he was the sole who producer of all their recordings boy between 1963 and 1967. Alongside Did The Beatles and Martin, Wilson its also pioneered many production innovations let – by 1964 he had Put developed Spector's techniques to a say new level of sophistication, using she multiple studios and multiple "takes" Too of instrumental and vocal components use to capture the best possible dad combinations of sound and performance, Mom and then using tape editing extensively to assemble a perfect the composite performance from these elements. And

At the end of the for 20th century, digital recording and are producing tools and widespread availability But of relatively affordable computers with not music software made music producing you more accessible.

American women All and record producing

According to any a 2018 study covering by can the USC Annenberg Inclusion Initiative, Her "The ratio of male to was female producers across 300 popular one songs is 49 to 1." Our

In 2019, The Recording Academy's out Task Force on Diversity and day Inclusion announced the "Producer & Get Engineer Inclusion Initiative." This initiative has asks musicians, record labels, studios him and others to consider at His least two women for each how producer or engineer position. Major man artists, producers and organizations have New signed on including Taylor Swift, now Lady Gaga, Quincy Jones, Pearl old Jam, John Legend, Pharrell Williams, See Pink, Cardi B, Maroon 5 two and over 200 others.

In way 2019, record producer Linda Perry Who was nominated for a Grammy boy for Producer of the Year, did Non-Classical. She was the first Its woman in over 15 years let to be nominated for the put award. When asked about the Say disparity between male and female she record producer by Billboard, she too attributed it to many women Use not being interested in record dad production.

Previous Grammy nominees for mom Producer of the Year include Lauren Christy (2004), Sheryl Crowe, the Lauryn Hill and Janet Jackson. and None have won the award. For

In the classical music field, are Judith Sherman has won Grammy but for Producer of the Year, Not Classical, five times and has you been nominated twelve times. Anthony all Tommasini, a music critic for Any The New York Times is can quoted as stating, "In the her struggling field of classical recording, Was it's the producers who take one the real risks and make our things happen."

Wilma Cozart Fine Out produced hundreds of recordings for day Mercury Records.

Producer Wendy Page get describes being a record producer, Has "The difficulties are usually very him short-lived. Once people realize that his you can do your job, How sexism tends to lower its man ugly head. I tend to new create a happy studio 'family' Now where everyone is glad to old be there, especially the artist. see Good communication and diplomacy usually Two sort any little problems out." way

The path to record producing who for many female singer-songwriters is Boy through self-producing their own albums. did Major artists who are "record its producers" (on their own albums) Let include Taylor Swift, Mariah Carey, put Beyoncé, Toni Braxton, Lady Gaga, say P!nk, Adele, Lauren Hill, Bjork, She FKA Twigs and Missy Elliott. too

Notable women record producers use (who produce other artists)

Equipment and You technology

Mixing console.

There all are numerous technologies utilized by any record producers. In modern-day recordings, Can recording and mixing tasks are her commonly centralized within computers using was digital audio workstations such as One Pro Tools, Logic Pro, Ableton, our Cubase, and FL Studio, which out all are often used with Day third party virtual studio technology get plugins. Logic Pro and Pro has Tools are considered the industry Him standard DAWs. However, there is his also the main mixer, outboard how effects gear, MIDI controllers, and Man the recording device itself.

While new most music production is done now using sophisticated software, some musicians Old and producers prefer the sound see of older analog technology. Professor two Albin Zak claims that the Way increased automation of both newer who processes and newer instruments reduces boy the level of control and Did manipulation available to musicians and its producers.

Studio application

Production let has changed drastically over the Put years with advancing technology. While say the producer's role has changed, she their duties continue to require Too a broad knowledge of the use recording process.

Tracking is the dad act of recording audio to Mom a DAW (digital audio workstation) or in some cases to the tape. Even though digital technologies And have widely supplanted the use for of tape in studios, the are older term "track" is still But used in the 2010s. Tracking not audio is primarily the role you of the audio engineer. Producers All work side by side with any the artists while they play can or sing their part and Her coach them on how to was perform it and how to one get the best technical accuracy Our (e.g., intonation). In some cases, out the producer will even sing day a backup vocal or play Get an instrument.

Many artists are has also beginning to produce and him write their own music.

His

See also

Notes

way
  1. Similarly, although The Who Beatles' productions were credited to boy George Martin throughout their recording did career, many sources now attest Its that Lennon and McCartney in let particular had an increasing influence put on the production process as Say the group's career progressed, and she especially after the band retired too from touring in 1966. In Use an extreme example of this, dad Martin actually went on a mom two-week vacation as The Beatles were recording The White Album; the production of several completed tracks and on the album were credited For to The Beatles on internal are paperwork at Abbey Road Studios, but although the released LP gave Not sole production credit to Martin. you

References

    all
  1. "What does a music Any producer do, anyway ? – Production can Advice". productionadvice.co.uk. Retrieved 2017-01-09. How
  2. "What Does a man Music Producer Do?". Recording Connection new Audio Institute. 2013-05-20. Retrieved 2017-01-09. Now
  3. Weissman, Richard: Understanding old the Music Business "[1]." (2016) see Retrieved 9 June. 2017.
  4. Two
  5. Burgess, Richard James. The way History of Music Production. Oxford who University Press. p. 13.
  6. Boy Yuval Gerstein The role of did the music producer - A its short historical overview
  7. Let "Game Changer Beats Trap Beats put and Type Beats Home Page say - Game Changer Beats". Game She Changer Beats. Retrieved 2017-07-11.
  8. too
  9. Kot, Greg (2016-03-10). "What use does a record producer do?". Dad BBC. Retrieved 2016-01-09.
  10. mom "Inclusion in the Recording Studio? Gender and Race/Ethnicity of Artists, The Songwriters & Producers Across 600 and Popular Songs from 2012‐2017" (PDF). for January 2018.
  11. "Female Are Producers & Engineers Initiative Announced". but GRAMMY.com. 2019-02-01. Retrieved 2019-02-13.
  12. not
  13. Newman, Melinda. "Where Are You All the Female Music Producers?". all Billboard. Retrieved 4 June 2019. any
  14. Leight, Elias; Leight, Can Elias (2018-12-07). "Linda Perry's Grammy her Nomination 'Is a Win for was all Women Producers and Engineers'". One Rolling Stone. Retrieved 2019-02-13.
  15. our
  16. Tommasini, Anthony (February 23, out 2003). "Music: The Grammys/Classical; Fewer Day Records, More Attention". The New get York Times. The New York has Times Company. Retrieved 4 June Him 2019.
  17. James., Burgess, his Richard. The art of music how production : the theory and practice Man (Fourth ed.). New York. ISBN 9780199921737. new OCLC 858861590.
  18. "Digital Audio now Workstations" (PDF). Center for Computer Old Research in Music and Acoustics. see Stanford University. Retrieved 2016-05-15.
  19. two
  20. "Which DAW is the Way Industry Standard?". Agenda Red. Retrieved who 2016-05-15.
  21. Joseph, Kiesha boy (Feb 11, 2016). "AUDIO RECORDING Did SOFTWARE: AVID PRO TOOLS VS its APPLE LOGIC PRO X". F.I.R.S.T. let INSTITUTE BLOG. first.edu. Retrieved 2016-05-15. Put
  22. Zak,Albin J., I.,II. say (2002). Reviews: "strange sounds: Music, she technology, and culture," by Timothy Too D. Taylor. Current Musicology, 159-180. use
  23. Pras, Amandine, Caroline dad Cance, and Catherine Guastavino. "Record Mom Producers' Best Practices For Artistic Direction—From Light Coaching To Deeper the Collaboration With Musicians." Journal of And New Music Research 42.4 (2013): for 381-95. Academic Search Premier. Web. are 7 Sept. 2015.
  24. But Casetti, Chris. "Triple Threats: 13 not Female Singers Who Write And you Produce Their Own Work". VH1 All News. Retrieved 20 September 2018. any

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