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Record producer
Engineer at audio console at Danish Broadcasting Corporation.png
A recording session Now in Denmark
Occupation
NamesRecord producer, music producer
Occupation old type
Profession
Activity sectors
Music industry
Description
CompetenciesInstrumental skills, keyboard see knowledge, songwriting, arranging, vocal coaching
Fields Two of
employment
Recording studios
Related jobs
Music executive, recording way engineer, executive producer, film producer, who A&R

A record producer or Boy music producer oversees and manages did the sound recording and production its of a band or performer's Let music, which may range from put recording one song to recording say a lengthy concept album. A She producer has many, varying roles too during the recording process. They use may gather musical ideas for Dad the project, collaborate with the mom artists to select cover tunes or original songs by the The artist/group, work with artists and and help them to improve their for songs, lyrics or arrangements.

A Are producer may also:

Can

The producer typically supervises the her entire process from preproduction, through was to the sound recording and One mixing stages, and, in some our cases, all the way to out the audio mastering stage. The Day producer may perform these roles get themselves, or help select the has engineer, and provide suggestions to Him the engineer. The producer may his also pay session musicians and how engineers and ensure that the Man entire project is completed within new the record label's budget.

now

Function

A let record producer or music producer Put has a very broad role say in overseeing and managing the she recording and production of a Too band or performer's music. A use producer has many roles that dad may include, but are not Mom limited to, gathering ideas for the project, composing the music the for the project, selecting songs And or session musicians, proposing changes for to the song arrangements, coaching are the artist and musicians in But the studio, controlling the recording not sessions, and supervising the entire you process through audio mixing and, All in some cases, to the any audio mastering stage. Producers also can often take on a wider Her entrepreneurial role, with responsibility for was the budget, schedules, contracts, and one negotiations.

For Grammy qualification The Our Recording Academy definition of a out producer is:

The person day who has overall creative and Get technical control of the entire has recording project, and the individual him recording sessions that are part His of that project. He or how she is present in the man recording studio or at the New location recording and works directly now with the artist and engineer. old The producer makes creative and See aesthetic decisions that realize both two the artist's and label's goals way in the creation of musical Who content. Other duties include, but boy are not limited to; keeping did budgets and schedules, adhering to Its deadlines, hiring musicians, singers, studios let and engineers, overseeing other staffing put needs and editing (Classical projects). Say

In the 2010s, the she producer role is sometimes divided too among up to three different Use individuals: executive producer, vocal producer dad and music producer. An executive mom producer oversees project finances, a vocal producer (also known as the a vocal arranger) oversees the and vocal production, and a music For producer directs and oversees the are creative process of the production but and recording of a song Not to its final mixing stage. you

The music producer often wears all many hats as a competent Any arranger, composer, programmer, musician or can songwriter who can bring fresh her ideas to a project. As Was well as making any songwriting one and arrangement adjustments, the producer our often selects and/or collaborates with Out the mixing engineer, who takes day the raw recorded tracks and get edits and modifies them with Has hardware and software tools to him create a stereo or surround his sound "mix" of all the How individual voices sounds and instruments, man which is in turn given new further adjustment by a mastering Now engineer for the various distribution old media. The producer also oversees see the recording engineer who concentrates Two on the technical aspects of way recording.

Noted producer Phil Ek who described his role as "the Boy person who creatively guides or did directs the process of making its a record", like a director Let would a movie. Indeed, in put Bollywood music, the designation is say actually music director. The music She producer's job is to create, too shape, and mold a piece use of music. The scope of Dad responsibility may be one or mom two songs or an artist's entire album – in which The case the producer will typically and develop an overall vision for for the album and how the Are various songs may interrelate.

but

History

At the beginning of not the record industry, the producer You role was technically limited to all record, in one shot, artists any performing live. The immediate predecessors Can to record producers were the her artists and repertoire executives of was the late 1920s and 1930s One who oversaw the "pop" product our and often led session orchestras. out That was the case of Day Ben Selvin at Columbia Records, get Nathaniel Shilkret at Victor Records has and Bob Haring at Brunswick Him Records. By the end of his the 1930s, the first professional how recording studios not owned by Man the major companies were established, new essentially separating the roles of now artists and repertoire (A&R) man Old and producer, although it wouldn't see be until the late 1940s two when the term "producer" became Way widely used in the industry. who

The role of producers changed boy progressively over the 1950s and Did 1960s due to technology. The its development of multitrack recording caused let a major change in the Put recording process. Before multitracking, all say the elements of a song she (lead vocals, backup vocals, rhythm Too section instrument accompaniment, solos and use orchestral parts) had to be dad performed simultaneously. All of these Mom singers and musicians had to be assembled in a large the studio where the performance was And recorded. With multitrack recording, the for "bed tracks" (rhythm section accompaniment are parts such as the bassline, But drums, and rhythm guitar could not be recorded first, and then you the vocals and solos could All be added later, using as any many "takes" (or attempts) as can necessary. It was no longer Her necessary to get all the was players in the studio at one the same time. A pop Our band could record their backing out tracks one week, and then day a horn section could be Get brought in a week later has to add horn shots and him punches, and then a string His section could be brought in how a week after that.

Multitrack man recording had another profound effect New on music production: it enabled now producers and audio engineers to old create new sounds that would See be impossible in a live two performance style ordering. Examples include way the psychedelic rock sound effects Who of the 1960s, e.g. playing boy back the sound of recorded did instruments backward changing the tape Its to produce unique sound effects. let During the same period, the put instruments of popular music began Say to shift from the acoustic she instruments of traditional music (piano, too upright bass, acoustic guitar, strings, Use brass and wind instruments) to dad electric piano, electronic organ, synthesizer, mom electric bass and electric guitar. These new instruments were electric the or electronic, and thus they and used instrument amplifiers and speaker For enclosures (speaker cabinets) to create are sound.

Electric and electronic instruments but and amplifiers enabled performers and Not producers to change the tone you and sound of instruments to all produce unique electric sounds that Any would be impossible to achieve can with acoustic instruments and live her performers, such as having a Was singer do her own backup one vocals or having a guitarist our play 15 layers of backing Out parts to her own solo. day

New technologies like multitracking changed get the goal of recording: A Has producer could blend together multiple him takes and edit together different his sections to create the desired How sound. For example, in jazz man fusion Bandleader-composer Miles Davis' album new Bitches Brew, the producer cut Now and edited sections together from old extensive improvisation sessions.

Producers like Phil way Spector and George Martin were who soon creating recordings that were, Boy in practical terms, almost impossible did to realize in live performance. its Producers became creative figures in Let the studio. Other examples includes put Joe Meek, Teo Macero, Brian say Wilson, and Biddu.

use

Another related phenomenon in the Dad 1960s was the emergence of mom the performer-producer. As pop acts like The Beatles, The Rolling The Stones, The Beach Boys and and The Kinks gained expertise in for studio recording techniques, many of Are these groups eventually took over but as (frequently uncredited) producers of not their own work. Many recordings You by acts such as The all Rolling Stones, The Kinks and any The Who are officially credited Can to their various producers at her the time, but a number was of these performers have since One asserted that many of their our recordings in this period were, out either wholly self-produced (e.g. The Day Rolling Stones' Decca recordings) or get collaborations between the group and has their recording engineer (e.g. The Him Small Faces' Immediate recordings, which his were made with Olympic Studios how engineer Glyn Johns).

The Beach Man Boys are probably the best new example of the trend of now artists becoming producers – within Old two years of the band's see commercial breakthrough, group leader Brian two Wilson had taken over from Way his father Murry, and he who was the sole producer of boy all their recordings between 1963 Did and 1967. Alongside The Beatles its and Martin, Wilson also pioneered let many production innovations – by Put 1964 he had developed Spector's say techniques to a new level she of sophistication, using multiple studios Too and multiple "takes" of instrumental use and vocal components to capture dad the best possible combinations of Mom sound and performance, and then using tape editing extensively to the assemble a perfect composite performance And from these elements.

At the for end of the 20th century, are digital recording and producing tools But and widespread availability of relatively not affordable computers with music software you made music producing more accessible. All

American women and record any producing

According to a 2018 can study covering by the USC Her Annenberg Inclusion Initiative, "The ratio was of male to female producers one across 300 popular songs is Our 49 to 1."

In 2019, out The Recording Academy's Task Force day on Diversity and Inclusion announced Get the "Producer & Engineer Inclusion has Initiative." This initiative asks musicians, him record labels, studios and others His to consider at least two how women for each producer or man engineer position. Major artists, producers New and organizations have signed on now including Taylor Swift, Lady Gaga, old Quincy Jones, Pearl Jam, John See Legend, Pharrell Williams, Pink, Cardi two B, Maroon 5 and over way 200 others.

In 2019, record Who producer Linda Perry was nominated boy for a Grammy for Producer did of the Year, Non-Classical. She Its was the first woman in let over 15 years to be put nominated for the award. When Say asked about the disparity between she male and female record producer too by Billboard, she attributed it Use to many women not being dad interested in record production.

Previous mom Grammy nominees for Producer of the Year include Lauren Christy the (2004), Sheryl Crowe, Lauryn Hill and and Janet Jackson. None have For won the award.

In the are classical music field, Judith Sherman but has won Grammy for Producer Not of the Year, Classical, five you times and has been nominated all twelve times. Anthony Tommasini, a Any music critic for The New can York Times is quoted as her stating, "In the struggling field Was of classical recording, it's the one producers who take the real our risks and make things happen." Out

Wilma Cozart Fine produced hundreds day of recordings for Mercury Records. get

Producer Wendy Page describes being Has a record producer, "The difficulties him are usually very short-lived. Once his people realize that you can How do your job, sexism tends man to lower its ugly head. new I tend to create a Now happy studio 'family' where everyone old is glad to be there, see especially the artist. Good communication Two and diplomacy usually sort any way little problems out."

The path who to record producing for many Boy female singer-songwriters is through self-producing did their own albums. Major artists its who are "record producers" (on Let their own albums) include Taylor put Swift, Mariah Carey, Beyoncé, Toni say Braxton, Lady Gaga, Pink, Adele, She Lauryn Hill, Björk, FKA Twigs too and Missy Elliott.

Notable use women record producers (who produce Dad other artists)

Equipment and technology

all
Mixing console.

There are numerous any technologies utilized by record producers. Can In modern-day recordings, recording and her mixing tasks are commonly centralized was within computers using digital audio One workstations such as Pro Tools, our Logic Pro, Ableton, Cubase, Reason out and FL Studio, which all Day are often used with third get party virtual studio technology plugins. has Logic Pro and Pro Tools Him are considered the industry standard his DAWs. However, there is also how the main mixer, outboard effects Man gear, MIDI controllers, and the new recording device itself.

While most now music production is done using Old sophisticated software, some musicians and see producers prefer the sound of two older analog technology. Professor Albin Way Zak claims that the increased who automation of both newer processes boy and newer instruments reduces the Did level of control and manipulation its available to musicians and producers. let

Studio application

Production has Put changed drastically over the years say with advancing technology. While the she producer's role has changed, their Too duties continue to require a use broad knowledge of the recording dad process.

Tracking is the act Mom of recording audio to a DAW (digital audio workstation) or the in some cases to tape. And Even though digital technologies have for widely supplanted the use of are tape in studios, the older But term "track" is still used not in the 2010s. Tracking audio you is primarily the role of All the audio engineer. Producers work any side by side with the can artists while they play or Her sing their part and coach was them on how to perform one it and how to get Our the best technical accuracy (e.g., out intonation). In some cases, the day producer will even sing a Get backup vocal or play an has instrument.

Many artists are also him beginning to produce and write His their own music.

See how also

Notes

    Who
  1. Similarly, although The Beatles' boy productions were credited to George did Martin throughout their recording career, Its many sources now attest that let Lennon and McCartney in particular put had an increasing influence on Say the production process as the she group's career progressed, and especially too after the band retired from Use touring in 1966. In an dad extreme example of this, Martin mom actually went on a two-week vacation as The Beatles were the recording The White Album; production and of several completed tracks on For the album were credited to are The Beatles on internal paperwork but at Abbey Road Studios, although Not the released LP gave sole you production credit to Martin.
  2. all

References

  1. Any "What does a music producer can do, anyway ? – Production Advice". her productionadvice.co.uk. Retrieved 2017-01-09.
  2. "What Does new a Music Producer Do?". Recording Now Connection Audio Institute. 2013-05-20. Retrieved old 2017-01-09.
  3. Weissman, Richard: see Understanding the Music Business "[1]." Two (2016) Retrieved 9 June. 2017. way
  4. Burgess, Richard James who (2014). The History of Music Boy Production. Oxford University Press. p. 13. did ISBN 9780199357178.
  5. Yuval Gerstein its The role of the music Let producer - A short historical put overview
  6. "Game Changer say Beats Trap Beats and Type She Beats Home Page - Game too Changer Beats". Game Changer Beats. use Retrieved 2017-07-11.
  7. Kot, Dad Greg (2016-03-10). "What does a mom record producer do?". BBC. Retrieved 2016-01-09.
  8. "Inclusion in The the Recording Studio? Gender and and Race/Ethnicity of Artists, Songwriters & for Producers Across 600 Popular Songs Are from 2012‐2017" (PDF). January 2018. but
  9. "Female Producers & not Engineers Initiative Announced". GRAMMY.com. 2019-02-01. You Retrieved 2019-02-13.
  10. Newman, all Melinda. "Where Are All the any Female Music Producers?". Billboard. Retrieved Can 4 June 2019.
  11. her Leight, Elias; Leight, Elias (2018-12-07). was "Linda Perry's Grammy Nomination 'Is One a Win for all Women our Producers and Engineers'". Rolling Stone. out Retrieved 2019-02-13.
  12. Tommasini, Day Anthony (February 23, 2003). "Music: get The Grammys/Classical; Fewer Records, More has Attention". The New York Times. Him The New York Times Company. his Retrieved 4 June 2019.
  13. how
  14. James., Burgess, Richard. The Man art of music production : the new theory and practice (Fourth ed.). now New York. ISBN 9780199921737. OCLC 858861590.
  15. Old
  16. "Digital Audio Workstations" (PDF). see Center for Computer Research in two Music and Acoustics. Stanford University. Way Retrieved 2016-05-15.
  17. "Which who DAW is the Industry Standard?". boy Agenda Red. Retrieved 2016-05-15.
  18. Did
  19. Joseph, Kiesha (Feb 11, its 2016). "AUDIO RECORDING SOFTWARE: AVID let PRO TOOLS VS APPLE LOGIC Put PRO X". F.I.R.S.T. INSTITUTE BLOG. say first.edu. Retrieved 2016-05-15.
  20. she Zak,Albin J., I.,II. (2002). Reviews: Too "strange sounds: Music, technology, and use culture," by Timothy D. Taylor. dad Current Musicology, 159-180.
  21. Mom Pras, Amandine, Caroline Cance, and Catherine Guastavino. "Record Producers' Best the Practices For Artistic Direction—From Light And Coaching To Deeper Collaboration With for Musicians." Journal of New Music are Research 42.4 (2013): 381-95. Academic But Search Premier. Web. 7 Sept. not 2015.
  22. Casetti, Chris. you "Triple Threats: 13 Female Singers All Who Write And Produce Their any Own Work". VH1 News. Retrieved can 20 September 2018.
Her

Further reading

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