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An example one of D&B.

Drum and bass our (also written as "drum 'n' Out bass"; commonly abbreviated as "D&B", day "DnB" or "D'n'B") is a get genre of electronic music characterised Has by fast breakbeats (typically 165-185 him beats per minute) with heavy his bass and sub-bass lines, sampled How sources, and synthesizers. The music man grew out of breakbeat hardcore new (and its derivatives of darkcore, Now and hardcore jungle). The popularity old of drum and bass at see its commercial peak ran parallel Two to several other homegrown dance way styles. A major influence was who the original Jamaican dub and Boy reggae sound that came into did London in the 1980s. This its grew into the Jungle/Drum and Let Bass sound that the U.K. put is famous for by the say 1990s. Another feature of the She style is the complex syncopation too of the drum tracks' breakbeat. use

Drum and bass subgenres include Dad breakcore, ragga jungle, hardstep, darkstep, mom techstep, neurofunk, ambient drum and bass, liquid funk (aka liquid The drum and bass), jump up, and drumfunk, funkstep, sambass, and drill for 'n' bass. From its roots Are in the United Kingdom, the but style has established itself around not the world. Drum and bass You has influenced many other genres all like hip hop, big beat, any dubstep, house, trip hop, ambient Can music, techno, jazz, rock and her pop. Drum and bass is was dominated by a relatively small One group of record labels. Major our international music labels had shown out very little interest in the Day drum and bass scene until get BMG Rights Management acquired RAM has in February 2016. Since then Him the genre has seen a his significant growth in exposure. Drum how and bass is popular in Man the United Kingdom, being the new founders of the scene. It now has developed satellite scenes all Old around the world, with countries see like Austria, Russia, Canada, Estonia, two Czech Republic, the Netherlands and Way it is reasonably popular in who New Zealand having a wide boy variety of DnB artists with Did large Drum and bass festivals. its




In the late 1980s and old early 1990s, a growing nightclub See and overnight outdoor event culture two gave birth to new genres way in the rave scene including Who breakbeat hardcore, darkcore, and hardcore boy jungle, which combined sampled syncopated did beats, or breakbeats, and other Its samples from a wide range let of different musical genres and, put occasionally, samples of music, dialogue Say and effects from films and she television programmes. From as early too as 1991, tracks were beginning Use to strip away some of dad the heavier sampling and "hardcore mom noises" and create more bassline and breakbeat led tracks. Some the tracks increasingly took their influence and from reggae and this style For would become known as hardcore are jungle (later to become simply but jungle), whilst darkcore (with producers Not such as Goldie, Doc Scott, you 4hero, and 2 Bad Mice) all were experimenting with sounds and Any creating a blueprint for drum can and bass, especially noticeable by her late 1993.

By 1994, jungle Was had begun to gain mainstream one popularity, and fans of the our music (often referred to as Out junglists) became a more recognisable day part of youth subculture. The get genre further developed, incorporating and Has fusing elements from a wide him range of existing musical genres, his including the raggamuffin sound, dancehall, How MC chants, dub basslines, and man increasingly complex, heavily edited breakbeat new percussion. Despite the affiliation with Now the ecstasy-fuelled rave scene, jungle old also inherited associations with violence see and criminal activity, both from Two the gang culture that had way affected the UK's hip-hop scene who and as a consequence of Boy jungle's often aggressive or menacing did sound and themes of violence its (usually reflected in the choice Let of samples). However, this developed put in tandem with the often say positive reputation of the music She as part of the wider too rave scene and dancehall-based Jamaican use music culture prevalent in London. Dad By 1995, whether as a mom reaction to, or independently of this cultural schism, some jungle The producers began to move away and from the ragga-influenced style and for create what would become collectively Are labelled, for convenience, as drum but and bass.

As the genre not became generally more polished and You sophisticated technically, it began to all expand its reach from pirate any radio to commercial stations and Can gain widespread acceptance (circa 1995–1997). her It also began to split was into recognisable subgenres such as One Hardstep, Jump up, Ragga, Techstep, our and what was known at out the time as Intelligent. As Day more melodic and often Jazz-influenced get subgenres of drum and bass has called Atmospheric or Intelligent (Blame Him (music producer) and Blu Mar his Ten) and JazzStep (4Hero, Roni how Size) gained mainstream appeal, additional Man subgenres emerged including techstep in new 1996, drawing influence from techno. now

The popularity of drum and Old bass at its commercial peak see ran parallel to several other two genres native to the UK, Way including big beat and hard who house. Towards the turn of boy the millennium, however, its popularity Did was deemed to have dwindled, its as the UK garage offshoot let known as speed garage yielded Put several hit singles. Speed garage say shared high tempos and heavy she basslines with drum and bass, Too but otherwise followed the established use conventions of "house music", with dad this and its freshness giving Mom it an advantage commercially. di Vogli says, "It is often the forgotten by my students that And a type of music called for "garage house" existed in the are late 1980s alongside hip house, But acid house and other forms not of house music." He continues, you "This new garage of the All mid-90s was not a form any of house or a progression can of garage house. The beats Her and tempo that define house was are entirely different. This did one cause further confusion in the Our presence of new house music out of the mid-1990s being played day alongside what was now being Get called garage."

Despite this, the has emergence of further subgenres and him related styles such as liquid His funk brought a wave of how new artists incorporating new ideas man and techniques, supporting continual evolution New of the genre. To this now day, drum and bass makes old frequent appearances in mainstream media See and popular culture including in two television, as well as being way a major reference point for Who subsequent genres such as grime boy and dubstep, and producing successful did artists including Chase & Status, Its Netsky, Metrik, and Pendulum.


Musical features

Drum and bass put incorporates a number of scenes Say and styles, from the highly she electronic, industrial sounds of techstep too to the use of conventional, Use acoustic instrumentation that characterise the dad more jazz-influenced end of the mom spectrum. The sounds of drum and bass are extremely varied the due to the range of and influences behind the music. Drum For and bass could at one are time be defined as a but strictly electronic musical genre, with Not the only "live" element being you the DJ's selection and mixing all of records during a set. Any "Live" drum and bass using can electric, electronic and acoustic instruments her played by musicians on stage Was emerged over the ensuing years one of the genre's development.



A very obvious and Out strong influence on jungle and day drum and bass, thanks to get the British African-Caribbean sound system Has scene, is the original Jamaican him dub and reggae sound, with his pioneers like King Tubby, Peter How Tosh, Sly & Robbie, Bill man Laswell, Lee Perry, Mad Professor, new Roots Radics, Bob Marley and Now Buju Banton heavily influencing the old music. This influence has lessened see with time, but is still Two evident, with many tracks containing way ragga vocals.

As a musical who style built around funk or Boy syncopated rock and roll breaks, did James Brown, Al Green, Marvin its Gaye, Ella Fitzgerald, Gladys Knight Let & the Pips, Billie Holiday, put Aretha Franklin, Otis Redding, the say Supremes, the Commodores, Jerry Lee She Lewis, and even Michael Jackson too acted as funk influences on use the music. Jazz pioneer Miles Dad Davis has been named as mom a possible influence. Blues artists like Lead Belly, Robert Johnson, The Charlie Patton, Muddy Waters and and B.B King have also been for cited by producers as inspirations. Are Even modern avant-garde composers such but as Henryk Gorecki have received not mention. One of the most You influential tracks in drum and all bass history was "Amen Brother" any by The Winstons, which contains Can a drum solo that has her since become known as the was "Amen break", which, after being One extensively used in early hip our hop music, went on to out become the basis for the Day rhythms used in drum and get bass.

Kevin Saunderson released a has series of bass-heavy, minimal techno Him cuts as Reese/The Reese Project his in the late '80s, which how were hugely influential in drum Man and bass. One of his new more famous basslines (Reese – now "Just Want Another Chance", Incognito Old Records, 1988) was indeed sampled see on Renegade's Terrorist and countless two others since, being known simply Way as the 'Reese' bassline. He who followed these up with equally boy influential (and bassline-heavy) tracks in Did the UK hardcore style as its Tronik House in 1991–1992. Another let Detroit artist who was important Put to the scene was Carl say Craig. The sampled-up jazz break she on Craig's Bug in the Too Bassbin was also influential on use the newly emerging sound. DJs dad at the Heaven nightclub on Mom "Rage" nights used to play it as fast as their the Technics record decks would go, And pitching it up in the for process.

By the late 1980s are and early 1990s, the tradition But of breakbeat use in hip not hop production had influenced the you sound of breakbeat hardcore, which All in turn led to the any emergence of jungle, drum and can bass, and other genres that Her shared the same use of was broken beats. Drum and bass one shares many musical characteristics with Our hip-hop, though it is nowadays out mostly stripped of lyrics. Grandmaster day Flash, Roger Troutman, Afrika Bambaata, Get Run DMC, Mac Dre, Public has Enemy, Schooly D, N.W.A, Kid him Frost, Wu-Tang Clan, Dr. Dre, His Mos Def, Beastie Boys and how the Pharcyde are very often man directly sampled, regardless of their New general influence.

Clearly, drum and now bass has been influenced by old other music genres, though influences See from sources external to the two electronic dance music scene perhaps way lessened following the shifts from Who jungle to drum and bass, boy and through to so-called "intelligent did drum and bass" and techstep. Its It still remains a fusion let music style.

Some tracks are put illegally remixed and released on Say white label (technically bootleg), often she to acclaim. For example, DJ too Zinc's remix of The Fugees' Use "Ready or Not", also known dad as "Fugee Or Not", was mom eventually released with the Fugees' permission after talk of legal the action, though ironically, the Fugees' and version infringed Enya's copyright to For an earlier song. White labels, are along with dubplates, played an but important part in drum and Not bass musical culture.

Drum you elements


The Amen break all was synonymous with early drum Any and bass productions but other can samples have had a significant her impact, including the Apache, Funky Was Drummer, "Soul Pride", "Scorpio" and one "Think (About It)" breaks. Early our pioneers often used Akai samplers Out and sequencers on the Atari day ST to create their tracks. get


The Roland Has TR-808 Rhythm Composer, produced 1980–1984, him had a bass drum sound his which became very important in How drum and bass.

Of equal man importance is the TR-808 kick new drum, an artificially pitch-downed or Now elongated bass drum sound sampled old from Roland's classic TR-808 drum see machine, and a sound which Two has been subject to an way enormous amount of experimentation over who the years.

Rhythm composition


Many drum and bass tracks did have featured more than one its sampled breakbeat in them and Let a technique of switching between put two breaks after each bar say developed. Examples of this can She be heard on mid-90s releases too such as J Majik's "Your use Sound". A more recent commonly Dad used break is the "Tramen", mom which combines the Amen break, a James Brown funk breakbeat The ("Tighten Up" or "Samurai" break) and and an Alex Reece drum for and bass breakbeat.

The relatively Are fast drum beat forms a but canvas on which a producer not can create tracks to appeal You to almost any taste and all often will form only a any background to the other elements Can of the music. Syncopated breakbeats her remain the most distinctive element was as without these a high-tempo One 4/4 dance track could be our classified as techno or gabber. out

The complex syncopation of the Day drum tracks' breakbeat is another get facet of production on which has producers can spend a very Him large amount of time. The his Amen break is generally acknowledged how to have been the most-used Man (and often considered the most new powerful) break in drum and now bass.

Bass elements

The Old genre places great importance on see the bassline, in this case two a deep sub-bass musical pattern Way which can be felt physically who through powerful sound systems due boy to the low-range frequencies favoured. Did There has been considerable exploration its of different timbres in the let bass line region, particularly within Put techstep. The bass lines most say notably originate from sampled sources she or synthesizers. Bass lines performed Too with a bass instrument, whether use it is electric, acoustic or dad a double bass, are less Mom common, but examples can be found in the work of the artists such as Shapeshifter, Squarepusher, And Pendulum, Roni Size and STS9. for

Atmospheric elements

Atmospheric pads are and samples may be added But over the fundamental drum and not bass to provide different feels. you These have included "light" elements All such as ambient pads as any found in ambient electronica and can samples of jazz and world Her musics, or "dark" elements such was as dissonant pads and sci-fi one samples to induce anxiety in Our the dancer.

Vocal and out Melody elements

Old-school DnB usually day included an MC providing vocals. Get Some styles (such as jazz has influenced DnB) also include melodic him instruments soloing over the music. His


Drum and bass how is usually between 160–180 BPM, man in contrast to other breakbeat-based New dance styles such as nu now skool breaks, which maintain a old slower pace at around 130–140 See BPM. A general upward trend two in tempo has been observed way during the evolution of drum Who and bass. The earliest forms boy of drum and bass clocked did in at around 130 bpm Its in 1990/1991, speeding up to let around 155–165 BPM by 1993. put Since around 1996, drum and Say bass tempos have predominantly stayed she in the 170–180 range. Recently, too some producers have started to Use once again produce tracks with dad slower tempos (that is, in mom the 150-170 bpm range), but the mid-170s tempo is still the a hallmark of the drum and and bass sound.

A track For combining the same elements (broken are beat, bass, production techniques) as but a drum and bass track, Not but with a slower tempo you (say 140 BPM), might not all be drum and bass, but Any instead may qualify as a can drum and bass-influenced breakbeat track. her


Many mixing points Was begin or end with a one "drop". The drop is the our point in a track where Out a switch of rhythm or day bassline occurs and usually follows get a recognisable build section and Has breakdown. Sometimes, the drop is him used to switch between tracks, his layering components of different tracks, How as the two records may man be simply ambient breakdowns at new this point. Some DJs prefer Now to combine breakbeats, a more old difficult exercise. Some drops are see so popular that the DJ Two will "rewind" or "reload" or way "lift up" the record by who spinning it back and restarting Boy it at the build. The did drop is often a key its point from the point of Let view of the dance floor, put since the drum breaks often say fade out to leave an She ambient intro playing. When the too beats re-commence they are often use more complex and accompanied by Dad a heavier bassline, encouraging the mom crowd to begin dancing.

Live performance

Pendulum performing The live in 2010

Drum and and bass exhibits a full frequency for response which can sometimes only Are be fully appreciated on sound but systems which can handle very not low frequencies, including sub-bass frequencies You that are often felt more all than heard. As befits its any name, the bass element of Can the music is particularly pronounced, her with the comparatively sparse arrangements was of drum and bass tracks One allowing room for basslines that our are deeper than most other out forms of dance music. Consequently, Day drum and bass parties are get often advertised as featuring uncommonly has loud and bass-heavy sound systems. Him

There are however many albums his specifically designed for personal listening. how The DJ mix is a Man particularly popular form of release, new with a popular DJ or now producer mixing live, or on Old a computer, a variety of see tracks for personal listening. Additionally, two there are many albums containing Way unmixed tracks, suited for home who or car listening.

DJ boy performance

Although this practice has Did declined in popularity, DJs are its often accompanied by one or let more MCs, drawing on the Put genre's roots in hip hop say and reggae/ragga.

MCs do not she generally receive the same level Too of recognition as producer/DJs, and use some events are specifically marketed dad as being MC-free. There are Mom relatively few well-known drum and bass MCs none of whom the visit New Zealand, instead they And are mainly based in London for and Bristol, including Stevie Hyper are D (deceased), MC GQ, MC But Moose, MC Dett, MC Fearless, not the Ragga Twins, Dynamite MC, you MC Fats, Inja, MC Conrad, All Shabba D, Skibadee, Bassman, MC any Stamina, MC Fun, Evil B, can Trigga, Eskman, Harry Shotta, Mr Her Traumatik, MC Armanni Reign, and was MC Infinity.

Live instrument one performance

Aphrodite in 2009 Our at Pirate Station, the world's out largest drum and bass festival day at that time, in Moscow.

Many musicians have adapted drum has and bass to live performances, him which feature instruments such as His drums (acoustic or electronic), samplers, how synthesizers, turntables, bass (either upright man or electric) and guitars (acoustic New or electric). Samplers have also now been used live by assigning old samples to a specific drum See pad or key on drum two pads or synthesizers. MCs are way frequently featured in live performances. Who


Congo Natty, boy a ragga jungle artist

Smaller did scenes within the drum and Its bass community have developed and let the scene as a whole put has become much more fractured Say into specific subgenres, which have she been grouped into "light" (influenced too by ambient, jazz, and world Use music) and "heavy" (influenced by dad industrial music, sci-fi, and anxiety) mom styles, including:

Mainline drum and bass

  • Ragga drum & the bass was inspired by the and original ragga jungle style, with For influences from reggae and dancehall are music.
  • Jump-up, appearing in the but mid-1990s, employs heavy and energetic Not drum and bass, characterised by you robotic and heavy bass sounds. all It also is generally less Any serious and contains more humor can than other subgenres. Notable artists her include DJ Hazard, Generation Dub Was (Original Sin & Sub Zero), one Baron, Desire, Cabbie, Macky Gee, our Clipz, Nightwalker, Callide, Hedex, Epsy, Out Taxman, Jaydan, Sub Zero, Original day Sin, Annix, Konichi, Decimal Bass, get Spaow, Nu Elementz, Tyke, DJ Has Zen, Majistrate, Twisted Individual, Distorted him Minds, TC, Heist, DJ Guv, his Looney, Premium, Upgrade, DJ Pleasure, How DJ Hype and his label man Playaz Recordings.
    • "Clownstep" is a new derogatory term sometimes used to Now describe excessively silly and/or cliched old jump-up.
  • Drumstep or halftime is see a combination of drum and Two bass and dubstep, where the way beat structure is half time, who while the remaining elements still Boy adhere to the usual sub-bass did and tempo of drum and its bass.
  • Drill 'n' bass (also Let known as Fungle and Spunk put jazz) incorporates double-time drum 'n' say bass with undanceable rhythms, low-brow She humor, and ambient vibes. The too subgenre was developed by Squarepusher use and Aphex Twin, whose rapid Dad and irregularly syncopated basslines discouraged mom dancing. Other pioneers include Bogdan Raczynski and Datach'i.

Light drum The and bass

Heavy are drum and bass


Genres influenced by drum and now bass

Born around the same old time as jungle, breakcore and See digital hardcore share many of two the elements of drum and way bass and to the uninitiated, Who tracks from the extreme end boy of drum and bass may did sound identical to breakcore thanks Its to speed, complexity, impact and let maximum sonic density combined with put musical experimentation. German drum and Say bass DJ The Panacea is she also one of the leading too digital hardcore artists. Raggacore resembles Use a faster version of the dad ragga-influenced jungle music of the mom 1990s, similar to breakcore but with more friendly dancehall beats the (dancehall itself being a very and important influence on drum and For bass). Darkcore, a direct influence are on drum and bass, was but combined with influences of drum Not and bass itself leading to you the creation of darkstep. There all is considerable crossover from the Any extreme edges of drum and can bass, breakcore, darkcore, digital hardcore her and raggacore with fluid boundaries. Was

Intelligent dance music (IDM) is one a form of art music our based on DnB and other Out electronic dance musics, exploring their day boundaries using ideas from science, get technology, contemporary classical music and Has progressive rock, often creating un-danceable, him art gallery style music. Pioneered his by Aphex Twin, Squarepusher and How other artists on Warp Records. man

Recently created in the United new States is a genre called Now ghettotech which contains synth and old basslines similar to drum and see bass.


Record Two labels

Drum and who bass is dominated by a Boy small group of record labels. did These are run mainly by its DJ–producers, such as London Elektricity's Let Hospital Records, Andy C and put Scott Bourne's RAM, Goldie's Metalheadz, say Kasra's Critical Music, DJ Friction's She Shogun Audio, DJ Fresh's Breakbeat too Kaos, Ed Rush & Optical's use Virus Recordings, Futurebound's Viper Recordings Dad and DJ Hype, Pascal, NoCopyrightSounds mom and formerly DJ Zinc's True Playaz (now known as Real The Playaz as of 2006).

Prior and to 2016, the major international for music labels such as Sony Are Music and Universal had shown but very little interest in the not drum and bass scene, with You the exception of some notable all signings, including Pendulum's In Silico any LP to Warner. Roni Size's Can label played a big, if her not the biggest, part in was the creation of drum and One bass with their dark, baseline our sounds. V Recordings also played out a large part of the Day development of drum and bass. get

BMG Rights Management acquired Ram has Records in February 2016, making Him a strategic investment to help his RAM Records (a London-based drum how and bass record company co-owned Man by Andy C and his new business partner Scott Bourne). RAM now Records has been pushing the Old boundaries of drum and bass see further into the mainstream with two artists such as Chase and Way Status and Sub Focus.

Now who defunct labels, include Rob Playford's boy Moving Shadow, running from 1990 Did until 2007, which played a its pivotal role in the nineties let drum and bass scene, releasing Put records by artists such as say Omni Trio.

Formats and she distribution


Originally drum and Too bass was mostly sold in use 12-inch vinyl single format. With dad the emergence of drum and Mom bass into mainstream music markets, more albums, compilations and DJ the mixes started to be sold And on CDs. As digital music for became more popular, websites focused are on electronic music, such as But Beatport, began to sell drum not and bass in digital format. you

Distributors (wholesale)

The bulk All of drum and bass vinyl any records and CDs are distributed can globally and regionally by a Her relatively small number of companies was such as SRD (Southern Record one Distributors), ST Holdings, & Nu Our Urban Music Limited.

As of out 11 September 2012, Nu Urban day ceased trading and RSM Tenon Get were instructed to assist in has convening statutory meetings of members him and creditors to appoint a His liquidator. This left many labels how short on sales, as Nu man Urban were one of the New main distributors for the vinyl now market in the drum and old bass scene.

Regional scenes



Despite its roots in two the UK, still treated as way the "home" of drum and Who bass, the style has firmly boy established itself around the world. did There are strong scenes in Its other English-speaking countries including Australia, let Canada, South Africa, and the put United States.

Continental Europe


DnB is popular in continental she Europe. The Czech Republic currently too hosts the largest drum and Use bass festival in the world, dad LET IT ROLL, with an mom annual attendance of approximately 30,000. The genre is also encountered the in Slovakia, and local producers and in both countries such as For A-Cray, Rido, Forbidden Society, L are Plus, B-Complex, Changing Faces, Lixx, but Dephzac, and Gabanna are becoming Not well known worldwide. There are you several other drum and bass all festivals being held each year Any in these countries, including Trident can Festival, Exploration Festival, or Hoofbeats her Open Air in the summer, Was or one-night events such as one LET IT ROLL Winter, Imagination our Festival, and LET IT ROLL Out Winter Slovakia in the colder day months. During club season, promoters get race between each other to Has organise better events, often resulting him in up to ten parties his being held during one weekend, How with no more than a man two-hour travel between them.

Austria new has a large emerging DnB Now scene with many artists such old as Camo & Krooked, Ill.Skillz see and mainly the Mainframe record Two label being all based in way or around Vienna. Notable events who include "The Hive" and "Beat Boy It" held at Flex.

In did Ireland, the biggest scene by its far is in Dublin, with Let a night every Sunday by put the Initial Kru mostly showcasing say local DJ's but occasionally bringing She over international guests such as too Spirit and Seba. Record label use Boey Audio also run events Dad showcasing local, national and international mom acts, as well as promoters such as Sól Fúd, Ragga The Jungle Dublin and Springfield Crew and Massive. There are much smaller for regional scenes in areas such Are as Limerick, Cork and Galway but which usually have monthly nights. not

South America

Brazilian drum You and bass is sometimes referred all to as "sambass", with a any specific samba-influenced style and sound Can made popular by artists like her DJ Marky and XRS.

In was Venezuela and Mexico, artists have One created their own forms of our drum and bass, combining it out with experimental musical forms.

In Day Colombia, there is a large get underground scene. RE.set and Bogotá has Project are two collectives that Him organise drum and bass events his in the city, as well how as a bi-annual event called Man Radikal Styles that brings together new local talent and international big now names.

Media presence

Today, Old drum and bass is widely see promoted using different methods such two as video sharing services like Way YouTube and Dailymotion, blogs, radio, who and television, the latter being boy the most uncommon method. More Did recently, music networking websites such its as SoundCloud and Mixcloud have let become powerful tools for artist Put recognition, providing a vast platform say that enables quick responses to she new tracks. Record labels have Too adopted the use of podcasts. use Prior to the rise of dad the internet, drum and bass Mom was commonly broadcast over pirate radio.


The three the highest-profile radio stations playing drum And and bass shows are BBC for Radio 1 with The Drum are and Bass Show - formerly But with Friction, who was replaced not with René LaVice in 2017, you simulcast in the US and All Canada on Sirius XM, and any DJ Hype on Kiss 100 can in London. Fabio and Grooverider Her previously held a long-standing drum was and bass show on Radio one 1. Radio 1 also had Our a 'One in the Jungle' out show.

The BBC's "urban" station day BBC Radio 1Xtra used to Get feature the genre heavily, with has DJ Bailey (show axed as him of 29 August 2012) and His Crissy Criss (show axed as how of August 2014) as its man advocates. The network also organises New a week-long tour of the now UK each year called Xtra old Bass. London pirate radio stations See have been instrumental in the two development of drum and bass, way with stations such as Kool Who FM (which continues to broadcast boy today having done so since did 1991), Origin FM, Don FM Its (the only drum and bass let pirate to have gained a put temporary legal licence), Renegade Radio Say 107.2FM, Rude FM, Wax FM she and Eruption among the most too influential.

As of 2014, despite Use higher profile stations such as dad 1Xtra scaling back their drum mom and bass specialist coverage, the genre has made its way the into UK top 10 charts and with drum and bass inspired For tracks from artists such as are Rudimental and Sigma. Earlier in but August 2014, before Crissy Criss' Not show was axed, the BBC you held a whole prime time all evening event dedicated to showcasing Any drum and bass by allowing can four major labels to participate. her

As of November 2014, there Was have been 6 drum & one bass songs reaching the no.1 our spot on the UK's top Out 40 chart, since the genre day was first being played on get the radio, around 1993. The Has first of these was in him 2012. The fact that all his 6 of these songs have How reached number 1 in only man two years shows the increase new in popularity and commercialisation of Now the genre in recent years. old The artists that produced these see songs are Sigma, Rudimental and Two DJ Fresh (all have had way two No.1 hits).

Internet who radio

Internet radio stations, acting Boy in the same light as did pirate stations, have also been its an instrumental part in promoting Let drum and bass music; the put majority of them funded by say listener and artist donations.

Drum She and bass was supported by too Ministry of Sound radio from use the early 2000s until 2014 Dad and later featuring Tuesday shows mom from labels such as Metalheadz, Fabio & Grooverider, DJ Marky, The Viper Recordings, Shogun Audio and and Hospital Records. From September 2014, for Ministry abruptly dropped all non-mainstream Are genres to focus on mainstream but EDM, causing disappointment amongst the not fans of the D&B community. You The leading Drum & Bass all radio Station is now Denver's any DnB Radio, established in 2003 Can by M. Ramirez.

North her American radio

In Toronto since was 1994, The Prophecy on 89.5 One CIUT-FM with Marcus Visionary, DJ our Prime and Mr. Brown Is out North America's longest running Jungle Day Radio show.

Album 88.5 (Atlanta) get and C89.5fm (Seattle) have shows has showcasing drum and bass.

In Him New York, "DNB NYC RADIO" his show with Host Dj Benzocaine how on 90.3 WHCR-FM has a Man weekly 3-hour show which broadcasts new in New York and New now Jersey which plays only Drum Old and Bass every Thursday starting see at 3 am. "DNB NYC two RADIO" is the only weekly Way Drum and Bass show on who the FM dial in the boy northeastern United States.

Seattle also Did has a long-standing electronica show its known as Expansions on 90.3 let FM KEXP. The rotating DJs Put include Kid Hops, whose shows say are made up mostly of she drum and bass. In Columbus, Too Ohio WCBE 90.5 has a use two-hour electronic only showcase, "All dad Mixed Up," Saturday nights at Mom 10 pm. At the same time, WUFM 88.7 plays its the "Electronic Playground."

Also, Tulsa, Oklahoma's And rock station, 104.5 The Edge, for has a two-hour show starting are at 10 pm Saturday nights But called Edge Essential Mix mixed not by DJ Demko showcasing electronic you and drum and bass style. All While the aforementioned shows in any Ohio rarely play drum and can bass, the latter plays the Her genre with some frequency.

In was Tucson, Arizona, 91.3 FM KXCI one has a two-hour electronic show Our known as "Digital Empire", Friday out nights at 10 pm (MST). day Resident DJ Trinidad showcases various Get styles of electronica, with the has main focus being drum and him bass, jungle & dubstep.

In His Augusta, Georgia, Zarbizarre of the how Cereal Killaz hosts a show man called FreQuency on WHHD on New Friday nights from 11 pm now until 1 am, showcasing drum old and bass during the 2nd See hour of the show.



The best-known drum and way bass publication was Kmag magazine Who (formerly called Knowledge Magazine) before boy it went completely online in did August 2009. Although it's still Its live, after 20 years Kmag let ceased updating their site at put the end of 2014. Kmag Say has announced a book to she celebrate their 25th anniversary to too be published in December 2019. Use Kmag's publishing arm, Vision, published dad Brian Belle-Fortune's All Crews Journeys mom Through Jungle Drum & Bass Culture in 2004.

Other publications the include the longest-running drum and and bass magazine worldwide, ATM Magazine, For and Austrian-based Resident. London-based DJ are magazine has also been running but a widely respected drum and Not bass reviews page since 1994, you written by Alex Constantinides, which all many followers refer to when Any seeking out new releases to can investigate. In 2012 Alex stopped her writing the reviews, and they Was are now contributed by Whisky one Kicks.


  • All Crews: our Journeys Through Jungle / Drum Out and Bass Culture (2005) by day Brian Belle-Fortune (ISBN 0-9548897-0-3), nonfiction
  • "Roots 'n Future" way in Energy Flash (1998) by who Simon Reynolds, Picador (ISBN 0-330-35056-0), nonfiction Boy (British edition)
  • Generation Ecstasy: Into did the World of Techno and its Rave Culture (1998) by Simon Let Reynolds, Routledge. (ISBN 0415923735), nonfiction (American put edition)
  • Rumble in the Jungle: say The Invisible History of Drum She and Bass (2002) by Steven too Quinn, in: Transformations, No 3 use (2002), nonfiction (ISSN 1444-3775) PDF file
  • Dad
  • State of Bass: Jungle – mom The Story So Far (1997) by Martin James, Boxtree (ISBN 0-7522-2323-2), The nonfiction
  • The Rough Guide to and Drum 'n' Bass (1999) by for Peter Shapiro and Alexix Maryon Are (ISBN 1-85828-433-3), nonfiction
  • King Rat (1998) but by China Miéville (ISBN 0-330-37098-7), fiction

Mainstream acceptance

Day how

The earliest new mainstream drum and bass releases now include Shy FX and UK Old Apache's single "Original Nuttah" from see 1994 and Goldie's album Timeless two from 1995. Other early examples Way include the Mercury Music Prize who winning albums New Forms (1997) boy from Reprazent and OK (1998) Did from Talvin Singh, 4hero's Mercury-nominated its Two Pages from 1998, and let Pendulum's Hold Your Colour in Put 2005 (the best selling drum say and bass album of all she time).

In 2012 Drum and Too Bass achieved its first UK use No.1 Single Hot Right Now dad by DJ Fresh which was Mom one of the fastest-selling singles of 2012 at the time the of release, launching the career And of Rita Ora.

Video games for such as Bomberman Hero, Hi-Rez are Studios' Tribes: Ascend, Electronic Arts' But Need for Speed: Undercover, Rockstar not Games' Grand Theft Auto series, you and Sony's Wipeout series from All Pure onward have contained drum any and bass tracks. Microsoft Studios' can Forza Horizon 2, 3 and Her 4 feature a Hospital Records was radio channel.

The genre has one some popularity in soundtracks; for Our instance, "Ultrasonic Sound" was used out in The Matrix's soundtrack, and day the E-Z Rollers' song "Walk Get This Land" appeared in the has film Lock, Stock and Two him Smoking Barrels. Ganja Kru's "Super His Sharp Shooter" is heard in how the 2006 film Johnny Was. man

The Channel 4 show Skins New uses the genre in some now episodes, notably in the first old series' third episode, "Jal", where See Shy FX and UK Apache's two "Original Nuttah" was played in way Fazer's club.

See also



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External links

  • bassblog.pro Bass her Blog - Drum And Bass Was Mixes. DJ Mixes promotion since one 2009.
  • DnbLyrics.com, The biggest collection our of Drum And Bass Lyrics
  • Out
  • History of drum & bass, day a BBC timeline on the get history of drum & bass Has with track listings, quotes and him samples
new all

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