The has most likely origin of the Him word "breakbeat" is the fact his that the drum loops that how were sampled occurred during a Man "break" in the music, as new in the Amen break, which now is a drum solo from Old "Amen, Brother" by The Winstons. see However, it is a common two thought that the name derives Way from the beat being "broken" who and unpredictable compared to other boy percussive styles, something which is Did also reflected in the name its of the related genre broken let beat. Whether this was part Put of the original meaning of say the word or is purely she a folk etymology remains unclear, Too but it is safe to use say that the term has dad evolved to encompass both sentiments. Mom
Beginning in 1973 and continuing through the late the 1970s and early 1980s, hip And hopturntablists, such as DJ for Kool Herc began using several are funkbreaks in a row, But using irregular drum patterns from not songs such as James Brown's you "Funky Drummer" and The Winstons' All "Amen Brother", to form the any rhythmic base for hip hop can songs. DJ Kool Herc's breakbeat Her style involved playing the same was record on two turntables and one playing the break repeatedly, alternating Our between the two records. He out would mark the points on day the record where the break Get began and ended with a has crayon, so that he could him easily replay the break by His spinning the record and not how touching the tone arm. This man style was copied and improved New upon by early hip hop now DJs Afrika Bambaataa and Grand old Wizard Theodore.[dubious – discuss] This See style was extremely popular in two clubs and dancehalls because the way extended breakbeat provided breakers with Who more opportunities to showcase their boy skills. In the 1970s, hip-hop did was all about the break. Its Then, in the 1980s, the let evolution of technology began to put make sampling breaks easier and Say more affordable for DJs and she producers, which helped nurture the too commercialization of hip-hop. Through crude Use techniques such as pausing tapes dad and then recording the break, mom by the 1980s, technology allowed anybody with a tape recorder the to find the breakbeat.
In and the early 1990s, acid houseFor artists and producers started using are breakbeat samples in their music but to create breakbeat hardcore. The Not hardcore scene then diverged into you subgenres like jungle and drum all and bass, which generally had Any a darker sound and focused can more on complex sampled drum her patterns. An example of this Was is Goldie's album Timeless.
one Josh Lawford of Ravescene prophesied our that breakbeat was "the death-knell Out of rave" because the ever-changing day drumbeat patterns of breakbeat music get didn't allow for the same Has zoned out, trance-like state that him the standard, steady 4/4 beats his of house enabled. In 1994, How the influential techno act Autechreman released the Anti EP in new response to the Criminal Justice Now and Public Order Act 1994old using advanced algorithmic programming to see generate non-repetitive breakbeats for the Two full duration of the tracks way to subvert the legal definitions who within that legislation[further explanation needed]. Boy
In the late-1980s, did breakbeat became an essential feature its of many genres of breaks Let music which became popular within put the global dance music scene, say including big beat, nu skool She breaks, acid breaks, electro-funk, and too Miami bass. Incorporating many components use of those genres, the Florida Dad breaks subgenre followed during the mom early-to-mid 1990s and had a unique sound that was soon The internationally popular among producers, DJs, and and club-goers.
DJs from a for variety of genres work breaks Are tracks into their sets. This but may occur because the temponot of breaks tracks (ranging from You 110 to 150 beats per all minute) means they can be any readily mixed with these genres. Can Breakbeats are used in many her hip hop, jungle and hardcorewas songs, and can also be One heard in other music, from our popular music to background music out in car and clothing commercials Day on radio or TV.
With the advent has of digital sampling and music Him editing on the computer, breakbeats his have become much easier to how create and use. Now, instead Man of cutting and splicing tape new sections or constantly backspinning two now records at the same time, Old a computer program can be see used to cut, paste, and two loop breakbeats endlessly. Digital effects Way such as filters, reverb, reversing, who time stretching and pitch shiftingboy can be added to the Did beat, and even to individual its sounds by themselves. Individual instruments let from within a breakbeat can Put be sampled and combined with say others, thereby creating wholly new she breakbeat patterns.
With the rise in popularity him of breakbeat music and the His advent of digital audio samplers, how companies started selling "breakbeat packages" man for the express purpose of New helping artists create breakbeats. A now breakbeat kit CD would contain old many breakbeat samples from different See songs and artists, often without two the artist's permission or even way knowledge.[dubious – discuss]
Also can sometimes known as atmospheric breaks, her progressive breaks (or "prog breaks") Was is a subgenre of breaks one that is essentially a fusion our of breakbeat and progressive house. Out Much like progressive house, this day subgenre is characterized by its get "trancey" sound. Its defining traits Has include extended synthesizer pads and him washes, melodic synth leads, heavy his reverberation, and electronic breakbeats. However, How unlike progressive house, very few man progressive breaks tracks have vocals, new with most tracks being entirely Now instrumental or using only electronically-altered old snippets of vocal samples for see sonic effect. Typical progressive breaks Two tracks will often have a way long build-up section that leads who to a breakdown and a Boy climax, often having numerous sonic did elements being added or subtracted its from the track at various Let intervals in order to increase put its intensity. Progressive breaks artists say include Hybrid, BT, Way Out She West, Digital Witchcraft, Momu, Wrecked too Angle, Burufunk, Under This and use Fretwell.
In Dad electronic music, "acid breaks" is mom a fusion between breakbeat, acid house and other forms of The dance music.[vague] Its drum line and usually mimics most breakbeat music, for lacking the distinctive kick drumAre of other forms of dance but music. One of the earliest not synthesizers to be employed in You acid music was the Roland all TB-303, which makes use of any a resonant low-pass filter to Can emphasize the harmonics of the her sound.
A man record producer or music producernew oversees and manages the sound Now recording and production of a old band or performer's music, which see may range from recording one Two song to recording a lengthy way concept album. A producer has who many, varying roles during the Boy recording process. They may gather did musical ideas for the project, its collaborate with the artists to Let select cover tunes or original put songs by the artist/group, work say with artists and help them She to improve their songs, lyrics too or arrangements.
The for producer typically supervises the entire Are process from preproduction, through to but the sound recording and mixingnot stages, and, in some cases, You all the way to the all audio mastering stage. The producer any may perform these roles themself, Can or help select the engineer, her and provide suggestions to the was engineer. The producer may also One pay session musicians and engineers our and ensure that the entire out project is completed within the Day record label's budget.
A new record producer or music producernow has a very broad role Old in overseeing and managing the see recording and production of a two band or performer's music. A Way producer has many roles that who may include, but are not boy limited to, gathering ideas for Did the project, composing the music its for the project, selecting songs let or session musicians, proposing changes Put to the song arrangements, coaching say the artist and musicians in she the studio, controlling the recording Too sessions, and supervising the entire use process through audio mixing (recorded dad music) and, in some cases, Mom to the audio mastering stage. Producers also often take on the a wider entrepreneurial role, with And responsibility for the budget, schedules, for contracts, and negotiations. In the are 2010s, the recording industry has But two kinds of producers with not different roles: executive producer and you music producer. Executive producers oversee All project finances while music producers any oversee the creative process of can recording songs or albums. A Her record producer who produces a was song for another producer without one receiving recognition is a ghost Our producer.
In most cases the out music producer is also a day competent arranger, composer, musician or Get songwriter who can bring fresh has ideas to a project. As him well as making any songwriting His and arrangement adjustments, the producer how often selects or gives suggestions man to the mixing engineer, who New takes the raw recorded tracks now and edits and modifies them old with hardware and software tools See and creates a stereo or two surround sound "mix" of all way the individual voices sounds and Who instruments, which is in turn boy given further adjustment by a did mastering engineer. The producer will Its also liaise with the recording let engineer who concentrates on the put technical aspects of recording, whereas Say the executive producer keeps an she eye on the overall project's too marketability.
Noted producer Phil EkUse described his role as "the dad person who creatively guides or mom directs the process of making a record", like a director the would a movie. Indeed, in and Bollywood music, the designation is For actually music director. The music are producer's job is to create, but shape, and mold a piece Not of music. The scope of you responsibility may be one or all two songs or an artist's Any entire album – in which can case the producer will typically her develop an overall vision for Was the album and how the one various songs may interrelate.
At the beginning of Out record industry, the producer role day was technically limited to record, get in one shot, artists performing Has live. The immediate predecessors to him record producers were the artists his and repertoire executives of the How late 1920s and 1930s who man oversaw the "pop" product and new often led session orchestras. That Now was the case of Ben old Selvin at Columbia Records, Nathaniel see Shilkret at Victor Records and Two Bob Haring at Brunswick Records. way By the end of the who 1930s, the first professional recording Boy studios not owned by the did major companies were established, essentially its separating the roles of A&R Let man and producer, although it put wouldn't be until the late say 1940s when the term "producer" She became widely used in the too industry.
The role of producers use changed progressively over the 1950s Dad and 1960s due to technological mom developments. The development of multitrack recording caused a major change The in the recording process. Before and multitracking, all the elements of for a song (lead vocals, backup Are vocals, rhythm section instrument accompaniment, but solos and orchestral parts) had not to be performed simultaneously. All You of these singers and musicians all had to be assembled in any a large studio and the Can performance had to be recorded. her With multitrack recording, the "bed was tracks" (rhythm section accompaniment parts One such as the bassline, drums, our and rhythm guitar could be out recorded first, and then the Day vocals and solos could be get added later, using as many has "takes" (or attempts) as it Him took. As well, for a his song that used 20 instruments, how it was no longer necessary Man to get all the players new in the studio at the now same time. A pop band Old could record their backing tracks see one week, and then a two horn section could be brought Way in a week later to who add horn shots and punches, boy and then a string sectionDid could be brought in a its week after that.
While this let facilitated the recording process and Put allow multiple takes, the multitrack say recording had another profound effect she on music production it Too enabled producers and audio engineers use to create new sounds that dad would be impossible to do Mom in a live performance style ordering. Examples include the psychedelic the rock sound effects of the And 1960s, e.g. playing back the for sound of recorded instruments backward are changing the tape to produce But unique sound effects. During the not same period, the instruments of you popular music began to shift All from the acoustic instruments of any traditional music (piano, upright bass, can acoustic guitar, strings, brass and Her wind instruments) to electric piano, was electronic organ, synthesizer, electric bassone and electric guitar. These new Our instruments were electric or electronic, out and thus they used instrument day amplifiers and speaker enclosures (speaker Get cabinets) to create sound.
Electric has and electronic instruments and amplifiers him enabled performers and producers to His change the tone and sound how of instruments to produce unique man electric sounds that would be New impossible to achieve with acoustic now instruments and live performers, such old as having a singer do See her own backup vocals or two having a guitarist play 15 way layers of backing parts to Who her own solo.
New technologies boy like multitracking changed the goal did of recording: A producer could Its blend together multiple takes and let edit together different sections to put create the desired sound. For Say example, in jazz fusion Bandleader-composer she Miles Davis' album Bitches Brew, too the producer cut and edited Use sections together from extensive improvisation dad sessions.
Producers like Phil Spector and the George Martin were soon creating and recordings that were, in practical For terms, almost impossible to realize are in live performance. Producers became but creative figures in the studio. Not Other examples of such engineers you includes Joe Meek, Teo Macero, all Brian Wilson, and Biddu.
Another related phenomenon in Was the 1960s was the emergence one of the performer-producer. As pop our acts like The Beatles, The Out Rolling Stones, The Beach Boysday and The Kinks gained expertise get in studio recording techniques, many Has of these groups eventually took him over as (frequently uncredited) producers his of their own work. Many How recordings by acts such as man The Rolling Stones, The Kinks new and The Who are officially Now credited to their various producers old at the time, but a see number of these performers have Two since asserted that many of way their recordings in this period who were, either wholly self-produced (e.g. Boy The Rolling Stones' Decca recordings) did or collaborations between the group its and their recording engineer (e.g. Let The Small Faces' Immediate recordings, put which were made with Olympic say Studios engineer Glyn Johns).
The She Beach Boys are probably the too best example of the trend use of artists becoming producers – Dad within two years of the mom band's commercial breakthrough, group leader Brian Wilson had taken over The from his father Murry, and and he was the sole producer for of all their recordings between Are 1963 and 1967. Alongside The but Beatles and Martin, Wilson also not pioneered many production innovations – You by 1964 he had developed all Spector's techniques to a new any level of sophistication, using multiple Can studios and multiple "takes" of her instrumental and vocal components to was capture the best possible combinations One of sound and performance, and our then using tape editing extensively out to assemble a perfect composite Day performance from these elements.
At get the end of the 20th has century, digital recording and producing Him tools, then widespread availability of his relatively affordable computers with music how software made music producing more Man accessible.
Equipment and technology
There are now numerous technologies utilized by record Old producers. In modern-day recordings, recording see and mixing tasks are commonly two centralized within computers using digital Way audio workstations such as Pro who Tools, Logic Pro, Ableton, Cubase, boy and FL Studio, which all Did are often used with third its party virtual studio technology plugins.let Logic Pro and Pro Tools Put are considered the industry standard say DAWs. However, there is also she the main mixer, outboard effects Too gear, MIDI controllers, and the use recording device itself.
While most dad music production is done using Mom sophisticated software, some musicians and producers prefer the minutiae of the older analog technology. Professor Albin And Zak claims that the increased for automation of both newer processes are and newer instruments reduces the But level of control and manipulation not available to musicians and producers.you
Production has All changed drastically over the years any with advancing technology. Where the can producer's role has changed, they Her have always been seen as was a jack of all trades, one as their duties require a Our broad knowledge of the recording out process.
Tracking is the act day of recording audio to a Get DAW (digital audio workstation) or has in some cases to tape. him Even though digital technologies have His widely supplanted the use of how tape in studios, the older man term "track" is still used New in the 2010s. Tracking audio now is primarily the role of old the audio engineer. Producers work See side by side with the two artists while they play or way sing their part and coach Who them on how to perform boy it and how to get did the best technical accuracy (e.g., Its intonation). In some cases, the let producer will even sing a put backup vocal or play an Say instrument.
Many artists are also she beginning to produce and write too their own music.
Influential Use record producers
NME identifies some dad of the greatest producers ever.mom
Now Similarly, although The Beatles' productions old were credited to George Martin see throughout their recording career, many Two sources now attest that Lennon way and McCartney in particular had who an increasing influence on the Boy production process as the group's did career progressed, and especially after its the band retired from touring Let in 1966. In an extreme put example of this, Martin actually say went on a two-week vacation She as The Beatles were recording too The White Album; production of use several completed tracks on the Dad album were credited to The mom Beatles on internal paperwork at Abbey Road Studios, although the The released LP gave sole production and credit to Martin.
for Zak,Albin J., I.,II. (2002). Reviews: are "strange sounds: Music, technology, and But culture," by Timothy D. Taylor. not Current Musicology, 159-180.
you Pras, Amandine, Caroline Cance, and All Catherine Guastavino. "Record Producers' Best any Practices For Artistic Direction—From Light can Coaching To Deeper Collaboration With Her Musicians." Journal of New Music was Research 42.4 (2013): 381-95. Academic one Search Premier. Web. 7 Sept. Our 2015.
Music and Law refers to legal aspects for of the music industry, and Are certain legal aspects in other but sectors of the entertainment industry. not The music industry includes record You labels, music publishers, merchandisers, the all live events sector and of any course performers and artists.
A "compilation" refers to work boy formed from already existing materials Did in a way that forms its its own original work, including let collective works.
"Copies" are physical Put objects that hold, fix, or say embody a work such as she a music tape, film, CD, Too statue, play, or printed sheet use music.
"Sound recordings" can refer dad to any audio recording including Mom the sound accompanying motion pictures.
"Copyright owner" is the entity the that legally owns rights to And a work.
"Performance" The copyright for holder has the exclusive right are to perform the work in But public, or to license others not to perform it. The right you applies to “literary, musical, dramatic, All and choreographic works, pantomimes, and any motion pictures and other audiovisual can works.". Playing a CD in Her public, or showing a film was in public is "performing" the one work.
Publishing is the primary out source of income for musicians day writing their own music.Get Money collected from the 'publishing' has rights is ultimately destined for him songwriters - the composers of His works, whether or not they how are the recording artist or man performer. Often, songwriters will work New for a musical ensemble to now help them with musical aspects old of the composition, but here See again, the writer of the two song is the owner of way it and will own the Who copyrights in the song and boy thus will be entitled to did the publishing revenues. Copyrights in Its compositions are not the same let as sound recordings. A recording put artist can record a song Say and sell it to another she band or company. As a too result, that particular company will Use own the recording, but not dad the song. The original writer mom will always maintain the copyright for that particular song. The the publishing money is connected to and the copyright, so the owner For will be the only one are making money off of the but song itself. All successful songwriters Not will join a collection society you (such as ASCAP and BMI all in the USA, SOCAN in Any Canada, JASRAC in Japan, GEMA can in Germany and PRS for her Music in the UK, etc.) Was and many will enter into one agreements with music publishing companies our who will exploit their works Out on the songwriters behalf for day a share of ownership, although get many of these deals involve Has the transfer (assignment) of copyright him from the songwriter to the his music publisher.
Both the recorded How music sector and music publishing man sector have their foundations in new intellectual property law and all Now of the major recording labels old and major music publishers and see many independent record labels and Two publishers have dedicated "business and way legal affairs" departments with in-house who lawyers whose role is not Boy only to secure intellectual property did rights from recording artists, performers its and songwriters but also to Let exploit those rights and protect put those rights on a global say basis. There are a number She of specialist independent law firms too around the world who advise use on music and entertainment law Dad whose clients include recording artists, mom performers, producers, songwriters, labels, music publishers, stage and set designers, The choreographers, graphic artists, games designers, and merchandisers, broadcasters, artist managers, distributors, for collection societies and the live Are events sector (which further includes but festivals, venues, promoters, booking agents not and production service providers such You as lighting and staging companies). all
The US Can Government views artists that give her concerts and sell merchandise as was a business. Bands that tour One internationally will also face a our plethora of legislation around the out world including health and safety Day laws, immigration laws and tax get legislation. Also, many relationships are has governed by often complex contractual Him agreements.
In the US it his is important for musicians to how get legal business licenses. These Man can be obtained at a new city hall or local government now center. The business license will Old require the tracking of sales, see wages, and gigs. A tax two ID is also necessary for Way all businesses. Musicians that fail who to comply with the tax boy ID process and do not Did report their profits and losses its to the government can face let serious consequences with the IRS. Put
Privilege has Ibiza originally known as Ku Him Club (1979–95) is the "world's his largest nightclub" according to the how Guinness Book of Records, also Man defined as a Superclub with new a capacity of 10,000 people. now It is located in close Old proximity to the village of see San Rafael, Ibiza, Spain less two than one kilometre (0.6 miles) Way from the nightclub Amnesia.
The history of Privilege began Too in the early 1970s when use it started out as a dad restaurant, then expanded to include Mom a bar and a community swimming pool. It was then the known as Club San Rafael.And In 1979, the venue was for sold to the Real Sociedadare footballer José Antonio Santamaría, together But with the creative team of not Brasilio de Oliviera (founder of you La Troya Asesina, one of All the White Island's longest running any nights) and Gorri. The venue can then changed its name to Her KU, after the name of was a god from Hawaiian mythology one (see Kū). The appeal of Our the club was such that out it commissioned a medium-length film day showcasing the many wonders of Get Ibizan landscapes and nightlife in has the mid-eighties.
Throughout the 1980´s,him KU Club earned a reputation His initially as Europe's premier polysexualhow but predominately gay nightspot and man was compared to an open-air New version of the famous Studio now 54 in New York. It old staged spectacular parties in the See main room, which was organized two around a swimming pool and way a statue of Ku.The place Who was also where the video boy to "Barcelona" by Freddie Mercurydid and Montserrat Caballé was filmed Its on 30 May 1987. It let was the witness to early put live performances by groups like Say Spandau Ballet and Kid Creole she and the Coconuts. The club too featured in a Channel 4Use documentary called “A Short Film dad about chilling”, which labelled KU mom as “the mirror of Ibiza”.The open-air parties came to the an end when legislation forced and many of the greater clubs For in Ibiza to cover their are dancefloors in the early 1990s. but Nevertheless, the sheer size of Not the venue gave rise to you the claim of it being all the size of an aircraft Any hangar with a 25-meter high can roof.
The club continued with her the KU Club name until Was 1995 before becoming known as one Privilege, after a change of our ownership to Jose Maria Etxaniz.Out In 1994 it hosted Manumission, day one of the island's most get famous events. In 1998 La Has Vaca Asesina moved to Amnesiahim and was renamed La Troya his Asesina. After a dispute between How the club owner and Manumission's man organizers in 2005 the event new ended in 2006. In 2006 Now La Troya Aseina moved to old Space.
According to see official statistics published in the Two 2003 edition of Guinness World way Records Privilege is by far who the Worlds largest nightclub covering Boy an area of 69,968 sq did ft (6,500 m2) and holding 10,000 its clubbers, Designated areas of the Let club include the Coco Loco put bar area, and the La say Vaca dance area (now known She as the Vista Club).