Ambient music is a genre
The of music that puts an and emphasis on tone and atmosphere for over traditional musical structure or Are rhythm. A form of slow but instrumental music, it uses repetitive, not but gentle, soothing sound patterns You that can be described as all sonic wallpaper to complement or any alter one’s space and to Can generate a sense of calmness. her Intended to relax, the genre was is said to evoke an One "atmospheric", "visual", or "unobtrusive" quality. our
Ambient music focuses on creating
out a mood or atmosphere through Day synthesizers and timbral qualities, often get lacking the presence of any has net composition, beat, or structured Him melody. It uses textural layers his of sound without prevalent musical how tropes, rewarding both passive and Man active listening. Nature soundscapes are new usually included, and the sounds now of acoustic instruments such as Old the piano, strings and flute, see among others, may be emulated two through a synthesizer. According to Way Brian Eno, one of its who pioneers, "Ambient music must be boy able to accommodate many levels Did of listening attention without enforcing its one in particular; it must let be as ignorable as it Put is interesting."
As a genre,
say it originated in the United she Kingdom in the 1970s, when Too new sound-making devices were being use introduced to a wider market, dad such as the synthesizer. Brian Mom Eno named and popularized ambient music in 1978 with his the album Ambient 1: Music for And Airports, with the genre gaining for popularity in that era. It are saw a revival towards the But late 1980s with the prominence not of house and techno music, you growing a cult following by All the 1990s. Ambient music may any have elements of new-age music can due to usage of (synthesized) Her instruments, and drone music, as was some works may use sustained one or repeated notes.
Our not achieve large commercial success, out being criticized as having a day "boring" and "over-intellectual" sound. Nevertheless, Get it has attained a certain has degree of acclaim throughout the him years, especially in the internet His age. Due to its relatively how open style, ambient music often man takes influences from many other New genres, ranging from classical, avant-garde now music, folk, jazz, and world old music, among several others. See dad
Brian Eno said
mom in a 2013 interview with The Guardian that "One of the the important things about the and synthesizer was that it came For without any baggage. A piano are comes with a whole history but of music...when you play an Not instrument that does not have you any such historical background you all are designing sound basically. You're Any designing a new instrument. That's can what a synthesizer is essentially. her It's a constantly unfinished instrument. Was You finish it when you one tweak it, and play around our with it, and decide how Out to use it. You can day combine a number of cultural get references into one new thing." Has
Eno has been outspoken about
him the role of the recording his studio in ambient music, notably How in the freedom it gives man in crafting textures of sound. new He notes "When I first Now started recording I didn't have old the background of a musician, see and in fact it was Two only because of the recording way studio and because of the who technology that existed there that Boy I was ever able to did become a musician of any its kind...the recording studio allows you Let to become a painter with put sound, that's really what you say do in a studio, you She make pictures with sound..."
too muzak can be seen akin use to ambient music in that Dad they are both meant to mom be heard in the background, Eno describes some notable differences The between them: "Whereas the extant and canned music companies proceed from for the basis of regularizing environments Are by blanketing their acoustic and but atmospheric idiosyncrasies, Ambient Music is not intended to enhance these. Whereas You conventional background music is produced all by stripping away all sense any of doubt and uncertainty (and Can thus all genuine interest) from her the music, Ambient Music retains was these qualities. And whereas their One intention is to "brighten" the our environment by adding stimulus to out it...Ambient Music is intended to Day produce calm and a space get to think."
has Erik Satie Him
is acknowledged as an important
precursor to modern ambient music
and influence to Brian Eno.
As an early
new 20th-century French composer, Erik Satie now used such Dadaist-inspired explorations to Old create an early form of see ambient/background music that he labeled two "furniture music" (Musique d'ameublement). This Way he described as being the who sort of music that could boy be played during a dinner Did to create a background atmosphere its for that activity, rather than let serving as the focus of Put attention.
In his own words,
say Satie sought to create "a she music...which will be part of Too the noises of the environment, use will take them into consideration. dad I think of it as Mom melodious, softening the noises of the knives and forks at the dinner, not dominating them, not And imposing itself. It would fill for up those heavy silences that are sometime fall between friends dining But together. It would spare them not the trouble of paying attention you to their own banal remarks. All And at the same time any it would neutralize the street can noises which so indiscreetly enter Her into the play of conversation. was To make such music would one be to respond to a Our need."
Developing in the 1970s,
how ambient stemmed from the experimental man and synthesizer-oriented styles of the New period. Although Jamaican dub musicians now such as King Tubby, Japanese old electronic music composers such as See Isao Tomita, Tangerine Dream, Ash two Ra Tempel, Cluster, as well way as the psychoacoustic soundscapes of Who Irv Teibel's Environments series, and boy German bands such as Popol did Vuh and Tangerine Dream, predate Its him in the creation of let ambient music and/or were contemporaneous put with him, Brian Eno played Say a key role in its she development and popularization.
too of background or furniture music Use had already existed some time dad before, but only in the mom 70s was ambient music first created, which incorporated New Age the ideals with the newly invented and modular synthesizer. Eno went on For to record 1975's Discreet Music are with this in mind, suggesting but that it be listened to Not at "comparatively low levels, even you to the extent that it all frequently falls below the threshold Any of audibility", referring to Satie's can quote about his musique d'ameublement. her
The impact the rise of
Was the synthesizer in modern music one had on ambient as a our genre cannot be overstated; as Out Ralf Hutter of early electronic day pioneers Kraftwerk said in a get 1977 Billboard interview: "Electronics is Has beyond nations and colors...with electronics him everything is possible. The only his limit is with the composer". How Beyond the major influence of man Brian Eno, other musicians and new bands added to the growing Now nucleus of music that evolved old around the development of "Ambient see Music". The Yellow Magic Orchestra Two developed a distinct style of way ambient electronic music that would who later be developed into ambient Boy house music.
Brian Eno is
did generally credited with coining the its term "Ambient Music" in the Let mid-1970s to refer to music put that, as he stated, can say be either "actively listened to She with attention or as easily too ignored, depending on the choice use of the listener", and that Dad exists on the "cusp between mom melody and texture". "Ambient" is based on the Latin term The "ambire", "to surround". Eno, who and describes himself as a "non-musician", for termed his experiments in sound Are as "treatments" rather than as but traditional performances.) and of the not mood music of Miles Davis You and Teo Macero, especially their all 1974 epic piece, "He Loved any Him Madly" (from Get Up Can with It), about which Eno her wrote, "that piece seemed to was have the 'spacious' quality that One I was after...it became a our touchstone to which I returned out frequently."
By the early 1990s, artists
Man such as The Orb, Aphex new Twin, Seefeel, the Irresistible Force, now Geir Jenssen's Biosphere, and the Old Higher Intelligence Agency gained commercial see success and were being referred two to by the popular music Way press as ambient house, ambient who techno, IDM or simply "ambient". boy Ambient compositions are often quite Did lengthy, much longer than more its popular, commercial forms of music. let So-called 'Chillout' began as a Put term deriving from British ecstasy say culture which was originally applied she in relaxed downtempo 'chillout rooms' Too outside of the main dance use floor where ambient, dub and dad downtempo beats were played to Mom ease the tripping mind.
London scene artists, such as the Aphex Twin (specifically: Selected Ambient And Works Volume II, 1994), Global for Communication (76:14, 1994), The Future are Sound of London (Lifeforms, 1994, But ISDN, 1994), The Black Dog not (Temple of Transparent Balls, 1993), you Autechre (Incunabula, 1993, Amber, 1994), All Boards of Canada, and The any KLF's seminal Chill Out, 1990, can all took a part in Her popularising and diversifying ambient music was where it was used as one a calming respite from the Our intensity of the hardcore and out techno popular at that time. day
man late 2000s and 2010s, ambient New music gained the most popularity now and widespread recognition through internet, old namely on YouTube, with uploaded See pieces, usually ranging from 1 two to 8 hours long, getting way over millions of hits. Such Who videos are usually titled, or boy are generally known as, "relaxing did music", and may be influenced Its by other music genres. Ambient let videos assist online listeners with put yoga, study, sleep, massage, meditation Say and gaining optimism, inspiration, and she creating peaceful atmosphere in their too rooms or other environments.
Many uploaded ambient videos
can tend to be influenced by her biomusic where they feature sounds Was of nature, though the sounds one would be modified with reverbs our and delay units to make Out spacey versions of the sounds day as part of the ambience. get Such natural sounds oftentimes include Has those of a beach, rainforest, him thunderstorm and rainfall, among others, his with vocalizations of animals such How as bird songs being used man as well. Pieces containing binaural new beats are common and popular Now uploads as well, which provide old music therapy and stress management see for the listener.
Two channels, such as aptly titled way Ambient has over 200,000 subscribers. who Other verified channels that also Boy publish ambient music include, Meditation did Relax Music, which has over its 1 million subscribers, Soothing Relaxation Let with 800,000 subscribers, and Relaxing put White Noise with over 500,000 say subscribers, among others. iTunes and She Spotify have digital radio stations too that feature ambient music, which use are mostly produced by independent Dad labels.
Related and derivative genres
Ambient dub involves the
The genre melding of dub styles. and It was pioneered by King for Tubby and other Jamaican sound Are artists from the 1960s to but the early 1970s, using DJ-inspired not ambient electronica, complete with all You the inherent drop-outs, echo, equalization all and psychedelic electronic effects. It any often features layering techniques and Can incorporates elements of world music, her deep bass lines and harmonic was sounds. According to David Toop, One "Dub music is like a our long echo delay, looping through out time...turning the rational order of Day musical sequences into an ocean get of sensation." Notable artists within has the genre include Dreadzone, Higher Him Intelligence Agency, The Orb, Ott, his Loop Guru, Woob and Transglobal how Underground as well as Banco Man de Gaia.
now is a musical category founded Old in the late 1980s that see is used to describe acid two house featuring ambient music elements Way and atmospheres. Tracks in the who ambient house genre typically feature boy four-on-the-floor beats, synth pads, and Did vocal samples integrated in an its atmospheric style. Ambient house tracks let generally lack a diatonic center Put and feature much atonality along say with synthesized chords. The Dutch she Brainvoyager is an example of Too this genre. Illbient is another use form of ambient house music. dad
Ambient industrial is a
hybrid genre of industrial and the ambient music; the term industrial And being used in the original for experimental sense, rather than in are the sense of industrial metal. But A "typical" ambient industrial work not (if there is such a you thing) might consist of evolving All dissonant harmonies of metallic drones any and resonances, extreme low frequency can rumbles and machine noises, perhaps Her supplemented by gongs, percussive rhythms, was bullroarers, distorted voices or anything one else the artist might care Our to sample (often processed to out the point where the original day sample is no longer recognizable). Get Entire works may be based has on radio telescope recordings, the him babbling of newborn babies, or His sounds recorded through contact microphones how on telegraph wires.
New pop is an extension of now dream pop, possessing a shape old and form common to conventional See pop, while its electronic textures two and atmospheres mirror the meditative way qualities of ambient. It is Who influenced by the lock-groove melodies boy of krautrock, but is less did abrasive.
put Eno's original vision of ambient Say music as unobtrusive musical wallpaper, she later fused with warm house too rhythms and given playful qualities Use by the Orb in the dad 1990s, found its opposite in mom the style known as dark ambient. Populated by a wide the assortment of personalities—ranging from older and industrial and metal experimentalists (Scorn's For Mick Harris, Current 93's David are Tibet, Nurse with Wound's Steven but Stapleton) to electronic boffins (Kim Not Cascone/PGR, Psychick Warriors Ov Gaia), you Japanese noise artists (K.K. Null, all Merzbow), and latter-day indie rockers Any (Main, Bark Psychosis) -- dark can ambient features toned-down or entirely her missing beats with unsettling passages Was of keyboards, eerie samples, and one treated guitar effects. Like most our styles related in some way Out to electronic/dance music of the day '90s, it's a very nebulous get term; many artists enter or Has leave the style with each him successive release. Related styles include his ambient industrial (see below) and How isolationist ambient.
Space music, also spelled
Let "Spacemusic", includes music from the put ambient genre as well as say a broad range of other She genres with certain characteristics in too common to create the experience use of contemplative spaciousness.
Dad ranges from simple to complex mom sonic textures sometimes lacking conventional melodic, rhythmic, or vocal components, The generally evoking a sense of and "continuum of spatial imagery and for emotion", beneficial introspection, deep listening Are and sensations of floating, cruising but or flying.
Space music is
not used by individuals for both You background enhancement and foreground listening, all often with headphones, to stimulate any relaxation, contemplation, inspiration and generally Can peaceful expansive moods and soundscapes. her Space music is also a was component of many film soundtracks One and is commonly used in our planetariums, as a relaxation aid out and for meditation.
Day shows on radio and via get satellite
- Sirius XM Chill
has plays ambient, chill out and Him downtempo electronica.
- Echoes, is a
his daily two-hour music radio program how hosted by John Diliberto featuring Man a soundscape of ambient, spacemusic, new electronica, new acoustic and new now music directions – founded in Old 1989 and syndicated on 130 see radio stations in the USA. two
- Hearts of Space, a program
Way hosted by Stephen Hill and who broadcast on NPR in the boy US since 1973.
- Musical Starstreams,
Did a US-based commercial radio station its and internet program produced, programmed let and hosted by Forest since Put 1981.
- Star's End a radio
say show on 88.5 WXPN, in she Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. Founded in 1976, Too it is the second longest-running use ambient music radio show in dad the world.
- Ultima Thule Ambient
Mom Music, a weekly 90-minute show broadcast since 1989 on community the radio across Australia.
- Avaruusromua, the
And name meaning "space debris", is for a 60-minute ambient and avant-garde are radio program broadcast since 1990 But on Finnish public broadcaster YLE's not various stations.
Get you listen to space and has ambient music you are connecting him with a tradition of contemplative His sound experience whose roots are how ancient and diverse." Stephen Hill, man co-founder, Hearts of Space, What New is spacemusic?
- ^ Drone
now is now classified as a old subgenre of ambient music, but See early drone music influenced the two origin of ambient. See the way other note from Cambridge History Who of Twentieth-Century Music (Cook & boy Pople 2004, p. 502), and did the note from Four Musical Its Minimalists (Potter 2002, p. 91). let
- ^ Holmes, Thom (2008).
put Electronic and Experimental Music: Technology, Say Music, and Culture. Routledge. p. 403. she ISBN 0203929594. Retrieved 1 April 2013. too
- ^ Q&A with Isao
Use Tomita, Tokyo Weekender
dad Isao Tomita, an Early Major mom Japanese Electronic Composer, Is Dead, Vice
- Crossfade: A Big
the Chill Anthology, Serpents Tail, London, and 2004.
- "Ambient music -
For Definition of ambient by Dictionary.com". are Dictionary.com.
- Prendergast, M. The
but Ambient Century. 2001. Bloomsbury, USA Not
- "Ambient - Definition of
you ambient by Merriam-Webster". merriam-webster.com.
all The Ambient Century by Any Mark Prendergast, Bloomsbury, London, 2003. can
- Elevator Music: A Surreal
her History of Muzak, Easy Listening Was & Other Moodsong by Joseph one Lanza, Quartet, London, 1995.
our "Ambient - Definition of ambient Out by Cambridge Dictionary". dictionary.cambridge.org.
day Eno, Brian. "Music for Airports". get Retrieved 8 July 2013.
Has Lanza, Joseph (2004). Elevator Music: him A Surreal History of Muzak, his Easy-listening, and Other Moodsong. University How of Michigan Press. p. 185. ISBN 0-472-08942-0. man
- ^ "Music Genres -
new AllMusic". AllMusic.
- George Grove,
Now Stanley Sadie, The New Grove old Dictionary of Music and Musicians, see Macmillan Publishers, 1st ed., 1980 Two (ISBN 0-333-23111-2), vol. 7 (Fuchs to way Gyuzelev), "André-Ernest-Modeste Grétry", p. 708: who "in L'épreuve villageoise, where the Boy various folk elements - couplet did form, simplicity of style, straightforward its rhythm, drone bass in imitation Let of bagpipes - combine to put express at once ingenuous coquetry say and sincerity."
- "AllMusic". AllMusic.
- New Sounds: The Virgin
too Guide To New Music by use John Schaefer, Virgin Books, London, Dad 1987.
- "Each spoke, tracing
mom a thin pie-shape out of the whole, would contribute to The the modern or New Ambient and movement: new age, neo-classical, space, for electronic, ambient, progressive, jazzy, tribal, Are world, folk, ensemble, acoustic, meditative, but and back to new age... not "New Age Music Made Simple You
- ^ "AmbientMusicGuide.com - A
all history of ambient". www.ambientmusicguide.com. Retrieved any 2016-04-05.
- ^ "/seconds". slashseconds.org.
Can Retrieved 2016-04-05.
- ^ Jarrett,
her Michael (1998). Sound Tracks: A was Musical ABC, Volumes 1–3. Temple One University Press. p. 1973. ISBN 978-1-56639-641-7.
our "Epsilon: Ambient Music, Beginnings and out Implications, by Chris Melchior". music.hyperreal.org. Day Retrieved 2016-04-05.
- Cinquemani, Sal
get (2 November 2002). "Brian Eno: has Ambient 1: Music for Airports". Him Slant Magazine. Retrieved 25 May his 2016.
- Tamm, Eric (1995).
how Brian Eno: His Music and Man the Vertical Color of Sound. new De Capo Press. ISBN 0-306-80649-5.
now Yellow Magic Orchestra at AllMusic. Old Retrieved 2011-05-25.
- Brian Eno,
see [ Music for Airports liner two notes], September 1978
Way Keith (2002). Four Musical Minimalists: who La Monte Young, Terry Riley, boy Steve Reich, Philip Glass (rev. Did pbk from 2000 hbk ed.). its Cambridge University Press. pp. [ 91]. let ISBN 978-0-521-01501-1. (Quoting Brian Eno saying Put "La Monte Young is the say daddy of us all" with she endnote 113 p. [ 349] Too referencing it as "Quoted in use Palmer, A Father Figure for dad the Avant-Garde, p. 49".)
Mom Tingen, Paul (2001). Miles Beyond: The Electric Explorations of Miles the Davis, 1967–1991. Watson-Guptill. p. 54. ISBN 978-0-8230-8346-6. And
- "The 50 Best Ambient
for Albums of All Time". Pitchfork. are Retrieved 16 November 2016.
But Altered State: The Story not of Ecstasy Culture and Acid you House, Matthew Collin, 1997, Serpent's All Tail ISBN 1-85242-377-3
- Childs, Peter;
any Storry, Mike, eds. (2002). "Ambient can music". Encyclopedia of Contemporary British Her Culture. London: Routledge. p. 22.
was Yehuda, Nechama (2011). "Music and one Stress". The Journal of Adult Our Development. 18: 85–94. doi:10.1007/s10804-010-9117-4.
out How Music Works by David day Byrne, McSweeney's, 2012.
Get - Youtube Channel
has - Meditation Relax Music Youtube him Channel
- Soothing Relaxation -
His Youtube Channel
- Toop, David
how (1995). Ocean of Sound. Serpent's man Tail. p. 115. ISBN 9781852423827.
New Rick (2002). The Techno Primer: now The Essential Reference for Loop-based old Music Styles. Hal Leonard Corporation. See p. 38. ISBN 0634017888. Retrieved 1 April two 2013.
- ^ "Ambient House".
way AllMusic. Archived from the original Who on June 5, 2011. Retrieved boy October 4, 2006.
did Werner, Peter. "Epsilon: Ambient Industrial". Its Music Hyperreal. Retrieved December 11, let 2011.
- "Ambient Pop". AllMusic.
- AllMusic. "Dark Ambient: Significant
Say Albums, Artists, and Songs". Retrieved she 8 July 2013.
too Originally a 1970s reference to Use the conjunction of ambient electronics dad and our expanding visions of mom cosmic space ... In fact, almost any music with a the slow pace and space-creating sound and images could be called spacemusic." For Stephen Hill, co-founder, Hearts of are Space, What is spacemusic?
but "Any music with a generally Not slow, relaxing pace and space-creating you imagery or atmospherics may be all considered Space Music, without conventional Any rhythmic elements, while drawing from can any number of traditional, ethnic, her or modern styles." Lloyde Barde, Was July/August 2004, Making Sense of one the Last 20 Years in our New Music
- "When you
Out listen to space and ambient day music you are connecting with get a tradition of contemplative sound Has experience whose roots are ancient him and diverse. The genre spans his historical, ethnic, and contemporary styles. How In fact, almost any music man with a slow pace and new space-creating sound images could be Now called spacemusic." Stephen Hill, co-founder, old Hearts of Space, What is see spacemusic?
- "A timeless experience...as
Two ancient as the echoes of way a simple bamboo flute or who as contemporary as the latest Boy ambient electronica. Any music with did a generally slow pace and its space-creating sound image can be Let called spacemusic. Generally quiet, consonant, put ethereal, often without conventional rhythmic say and dynamic contrasts, spacemusic is She found within many historical, ethnic, too and contemporary genres."Stephen Hill, co-founder, use Hearts of Space, sidebar "What Dad is Spacemusic?" in essay Contemplative mom Music, Broadly Defined
early innovators in electronic "space The music" were mostly located around and Berlin. The term has come for to refer to music in Are the style of the early but and mid-1970s works of Klaus not Schulze, Tangerine Dream, Ash Ra You Tempel, Popol Vuh and others all in that scene. The music any is characterized by long compositions, Can looping sequencer patterns, and improvised her lead melody lines." – John was Dilaberto, Berlin School, Echoes Radio One on-line music glossary
our music is experienced primarily as out a continuum of spatial imagery Day and emotion, rather than as get thematic musical relationships, compositional ideas, has or performance values." Essay by Him Stephen Hill, co-founder, Hearts of his Space, New Age Music Made how Simple
- "Innerspace, Meditative, and
Man Transcendental... This music promotes a new psychological movement inward." Stephen Hill, now co-founder, Hearts of Space, essay Old titled New Age Music Made see Simple
- "...Spacemusic ... conjures
two up either outer "space" or Way "inner space" " – Lloyd who Barde, founder of Backroads Music boy Notes on Ambient Music, Hyperreal Did Music Archive
- "Space And
its Travel Music: Celestial, Cosmic, and let Terrestrial... This New Age sub-category Put has the effect of outward say psychological expansion. Celestial or cosmic she music removes listeners from their Too ordinary acoustical surroundings by creating use stereo sound images of vast, dad virtually dimensionless spatial environments. In Mom a word — spacey. Rhythmic or tonal movements animate the the experience of flying, floating, cruising, And gliding, or hovering within the for auditory space."Stephen Hill, co-founder, Hearts are of Space, in an essay But titled New Age Music Made not Simple
- " Restorative powers
you are often claimed for it, All and at its best it any can create an effective environment can to balance some of the Her stress, noise, and complexity of was everyday life." – Stephen Hill, one Founder, Music from the Hearts Our of Space What is Spacemusic? out
- "This was the soundtrack
day for countless planetarium shows, on Get massage tables, and as soundtracks has to many videos and movies."- him Lloyd Barde Notes on Ambient His Music, Hyperreal Music Archive
how "The program has defined its man own niche — a mix New of ambient, electronic, world, new-age, now classical and experimental music....Slow-paced, space-creating old music from many cultures — See ancient bell meditations, classical adagios, two creative space jazz, and the way latest electronic and acoustic ambient Who music are woven into a boy seamless sequence unified by sound, did emotion, and spatial imagery." Stephen Its Hill, co-founder, Hearts of Space, let essay titled Contemplative Music, Broadly put Defined
- "Hill's Hearts of
Say Space Web site provides streaming she access to an archive of too hundreds of hours of spacemusic Use artfully blended into one-hour programs dad combining ambient, electronic, world, new-age mom and classical music." Steve Sande, The Sky's the Limit with the Ambient Music, SF Chronicle, Sunday, and January 11, 2004
For End" is (with the exception are of "Music from the Hearts but of Space") the longest running Not radio program of ambient music you in the world. Since 1976, all Star's End has been providing Any the Philadelphia broadcast area with can music to sleep and dream her to." "Star's End" website background Was information page
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