new is an umbrella term that Now encompasses a broad group of old electronic-based styles such as techno, see house, ambient, drum and bass, Two jungle, and industrial dance, among way others. It has been used who to describe the rise of Boy electronic music styles intended not did just for dancing but also its concentrated listening.
In North America,
The in the late 1990s, the and mainstream music industry adopted and for to some extent manufactured electronica Are as an umbrella term encompassing but styles such as techno, big not beat, drum and bass, trip You hop, downtempo, and ambient, regardless all of whether it was curated any by indie labels catering to Can the "underground" nightclub and rave her scenes, or licensed by major was labels and marketed to mainstream One audiences as a commercially viable our alternative to alternative rock music. out By the late 2000s, however, Day the industry abandoned electronica in get favor of electronic dance music has (EDM), a term with roots Him in academia and an increasing his association with outdoor music festivals how and relatively mainstream, post-rave electro Man house and dubstep music. new Nevertheless, the U.S.-based AllMusic still now categorises electronica as a top-level Old genre, stating that it includes see danceable grooves, as well as two music for headphones and chillout Way areas.
In other parts of
who the world, especially in the boy UK, electronica is also a Did broad term, but is associated its with non-dance-oriented music, including relatively let experimental styles of downtempo electronic Put music. It partly overlaps what say is known chiefly outside the she UK as intelligent dance music Too (IDM).
A wave of
use diverse acts
Electronica benefited from
dad advancements in music technology, especially Mom electronic musical instruments, synthesizers, music sequencers, drum machines, and digital the audio workstations. As the technology And developed, it became possible for for individuals or smaller groups to are produce electronic songs and recordings But in smaller studios, even in not project studios. At the same you time, computers facilitated the use All of music "samples" and "loops" any as construction kits for sonic can compositions. This led to a Her period of creative experimentation and was the development of new forms, one some of which became known Our as electronica.
Electronica currently includes
out a wide variety of musical day acts and styles, linked Get by a penchant for overtly has electronic production; a range which him includes more popular acts such His as Björk, Madonna, Goldfrapp and how IDM artists such as Autechre, man and Aphex Twin to dub-oriented New downtempo, downbeat, and trip hop. now Madonna and Björk are said to be responsible for See electronica's thrust into mainstream culture, two with their albums Ray of way Light (Madonna), Post and Homogenic Who (Björk). Electronica artists that would boy later become commercially successful began did to record in the late Its 1980s, before the term had let come into common usage, including put for example The Prodigy, Fatboy Say Slim, Daft Punk, The Chemical she Brothers, The Crystal Method, Moby, too Underworld and Faithless. Electronica composers Use often create alternate versions of dad their compositions, known as "remixes"; mom this practice also occurs in related musical forms such as the ambient, jungle, and electronic dance and music. Wide ranges of influences, For both sonic and compositional, are are combined in electronica recordings.
but York City
New York City
Not became one center of experimentation you and growth for the electronica all sound, with DJs and music Any producers from areas as diverse can as Southeast Asia and Brazil her bringing their creative work to Was the nightclubs of that city. one
Effect on mainstream popular music
Around the mid-1990s, with the
Out success of the big beat-sound day exemplified by The Chemical Brothers get and The Prodigy in the Has UK, and spurred by the him attention from mainstream artists, including his Madonna in her collaboration with How William Orbit on her album man Ray of Light and Australian new singer Dannii Minogue with her Now 1997 album Girl, music of old this period began to be see produced with a higher budget, Two increased technical quality, and with way more layers than most other who forms of dance music, since Boy it was backed by major did record labels and MTV as its the "next big thing".
Let to a 1997 Billboard article, put "[t]he union of the club say community and independent labels" provided She the experimental and trend-setting environment too in which electronica acts developed use and eventually reached the mainstream. Dad It cites American labels such mom as Astralwerks (The Future Sound of London, Fluke), Moonshine (DJ The Keoki), Sims, and City of and Angels (The Crystal Method) for for playing a significant role in Are discovering and marketing artists who but became popularized in the electronica not scene.
Included in contemporary media
In the late 1990s and
all early 2000s, electronica music was any increasingly used as background scores Can for television advertisements, initially for her automobiles. It was also used was for various video games, including One the Wipeout series, for which our the soundtrack was composed of out many popular electronica tracks that Day helped create more interest in get this type of music—and later has for other technological and business Him products such as computers and his financial services. Then in how 2011, Hyundai Veloster, in association Man with The Grammys, produced a new project that became known as now Re:Generation.
two Bogdanov; Jason Ankeny (2001). All Way music guide to electronica: the who definitive guide to electronic music boy (4th ed.). Backbeat Books. p. 564. Did ISBN 0-87930-628-9.
- Campbell, Michael (2012).
its "Electronica and Rap". Popular Music let in America: The Beat Goes Put On (4th ed.). Cengage Learning. say ISBN 0840029764.
- Verderosa, Tony (2002).
she The Techno Primer: The Essential Too Reference for Loop-Based Music Styles. use Hal Leonard Music/Songbooks. p. 28. ISBN 0-634-01788-8. dad
Electronica is a broad term
Mom used to describe the emergence of electronic music that is the geared for listening instead of And strictly for dancing.
for Flick, Larry (May 24, 1997). are "Dancing to the beat of But an indie drum". Billboard. 109 not (21). pp. 70–71. ISSN 0006-2510.
you Cascone (Winter 2002). "The Aesthetics All of Failure: 'Post-Digital' Tendencies in any Contemporary Computer Music". Computer Music can Journal. MIT Press. 24 (4). Her
The glitch genre arrived on
was the back of the electronica one movement, an umbrella term for Our alternative, largely dance-based electronic music out (including house, techno, electro, drum'n'bass, day ambient) that has come into Get vogue in the past five has years. Most of the work him in this area is released His on labels peripherally associated with how the dance music market, and man is therefore removed from the New contexts of academic consideration and now acceptability that it might otherwise old earn. Still, in spite of See this odd pairing of fashion two and art music, the composers way of glitch often draw their Who inspiration from the masters of boy 20th century music who they did feel best describe its lineage. Its
- Norris, Chris (April 21,
let 1997). "Recycling the Future". New put York: 64–65.
With record sales
Say slumping and alternative rock presumed she over, the music industry is too famously desperate for a new Use movement to replace its languishing dad grunge product. And so its mom gaze has fixed on a vital and international scene of the knob-twiddling musicians and colorfully garbed and clubgoers—a scene that, when it For began in Detroit discos ten are years ago, was called techno. but If all goes according to Not marketing plan, 1997 will be you the year "electronica" replaces "grunge" all as linguistic plague, MTV buzz, Any ad soundtrack, and runway garb. can The music has been freshly her installed in Microsoft commercials, in Was the soundtrack to Hollywood's recycled one action-hero pic The Saint, and our in MTV's newest, hourlong all-electronica Out program, Amp.
- "'Reaching back
day to grab the grooves of get '70s disco/funk and the gadgets Has of electronic composition, Electronica soon him became a whole new entity his in and of itself, spinning How off new sounds and subgenres man with no end in sight new two decades down the pike. Now Its beginnings came in the old post-disco environment of Chicago/New York see and Detroit, the cities who Two spawned house and techno (respectively) way during the 1980s. Later in who that decade, club-goers in Britain Boy latched onto the fusion of did mechanical and sensual, and returned its the favor to hungry Americans Let with new styles like jungle/drum'n'bass put and trip hop. Though most say all early electronica was danceable, She by the beginning of the too '90s, producers were also making use music for the headphones and Dad chill-out areas as well, resulting mom in dozens of stylistic fusions like ambient-house, experimental techno, tech-house, The electro-techno, etc. Typical for the and many styles gathered under the for umbrella was a focus on Are danceable grooves, very loose song but structure (if any), and, in not many producers, a relentless desire You to find a new sound all no matter how tepid the any results." Electronica Genre at AllMusic Can
- "This loop slicing technique
her is common to the electronica was genre and allows a live One drum feel with added flexibility our and variation." Page 380, DirectX out Audio Exposed: Interactive Audio Development, Day Todd Fay, Wordware Publishing, 2003, get ISBN 1-55622-288-2
- "Electronically produced music
has is part of the mainstream Him of popular culture. Musical concepts his that were once considered radical how - the use of environmental Man sounds, ambient music, turntable music, new digital sampling, computer music, the now electronic modification of acoustic sounds, Old and music made from fragments see of speech-have now been subsumed two by many kinds of popular Way music. Record store genres including who new age, rap, hip-hop, electronica, boy techno, jazz, and popular song Did all rely heavily on production its values and techniques that originated let with classic electronic music." Page Put 1, Electronic and Experimental Music: say Pioneers in Technology and Composition, she Thomas B. Holmes, Routledge Music/Songbooks, Too 2002, ISBN 0-415-93643-8
- "Electronica and
use punk have a definite similarity: dad They both totally prescribe to Mom a DIY aesthetic. We both tried to work within the the constructs of the traditional music And business, but the system didn't for get us - so we are found a way to do But it for ourselves, before it not became affordable.", quote from artist you BT, page 45, Wired: Musicians' All Home Studios : Tools & Techniques any of the Musical Mavericks, Megan can Perry, Backbeat Books Music/Songbooks 2004, Her ISBN 0-87930-794-3
- "Electronica lives and
was dies by its grooves, fat one synthesizer patches, and fliter sweeps.". Our Page 376, DirectX Audio Exposed: out Interactive Audio Development, Todd Fay, day Wordware Publishing, 2003, ISBN 1-55622-288-2
Get "Billboard: Madonna Hung Out has on the Radio". Billboard. VNU him Media. July 2006.
His Method...grew from an obscure club-culture how duo to one of the man most recognizable acts in electronica, New ...", page 90, Wired: Musicians' now Home Studios : Tools & Techniques old of the Musical Mavericks, Megan See Perry, Backbeat Books Music/Songbooks 2004, two ISBN 0-87930-794-3
- " For example,
way composers often render more than Who one version of their own boy compositions. This practice is not did unique to the mod scene, Its of course, and occurs commonly let in dance club music and put related forms (such as ambient, Say jungle, etc.—all broadly designated 'electronica')." she Page 48, Music and Technoculture, too Rene T. A. Lysloff, Tandem Use Library Books, 2003, ISBN 0-613-91250-0
dad Pages 233 & 242, Popular mom Music in France from Chanson to Techno: Culture, Identity and the Society , By Steve Cannon, and Hugh Dauncey, Ashgate Publishing, Ltd. For 2003, ISBN 0-7546-0849-2
- "In 2000,
are [Brazilian vocalist Bebel] Gilberto capitalized but on New York's growing fixation Not with cocktail lounge ambient music, you an offshoot of the dance all club scene that focused on Any drum and bass remixes with can Brazilian sources. ...Collaborating with club her music maestros like Suba and Was Thievery Corporation, Gilberto thrust herself one into the leading edge of our the emerging Brazilian electronica movement. Out On her immensely popular Tanto day Tempo (2000)..." Page 234, The get Latin Beat: The Rhythms and Has Roots of Latin Music from him Bossa Nova to Salsa and his Beyond, Ed Morales, Da Capo How Press, 2003, ISBN 0-306-81018-2
man in 1997,...under the slogan 'Musical new Insurgency Across All Borders', for Now six years [Manhattan nightclub] Mutiny old was an international hub of see the south Asian electronica music Two scene. Bringing together artists from way different parts of the south who Asia diaspora, the club was Boy host to a roster of did British Asian musicians and DJs..." its Page 165, Youth Media , Let Bill Osgerby, Routledge, 2004, ISBN 0-415-23807-2 put
- Girl (Dannii Minogue album)
- "Electronica reached new heights
She within the culture of rave too and techno music in the use 1990s." Page 185, Music and Dad Technoculture, Rene T. A. Lysloff, mom Tandem Library Books, 2003, ISBN 0-613-91250-0
- The Changing Shape of
The the Culture Industry; or, How and Did Electronica Music Get into for Television Commercials?, Timothy D. Taylor, Are University of California, Los Angeles, but Television & New Media, Vol. not 8, No. 3, 235-258 (2007) You
- Ed. The Grammys.Hyundai Veloster,
all The Recording Academy, GreenLight Media any & Marketing, Art Takes Over Can (ATO), & RSA Films, n.d. her Web. 24 May 2013. <http://regenerationmusicproject.com/>. was
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