are is a former nightclub and But currently a Broadway theatre, located not at 254 West 54th Street, you between Eighth Avenue and Broadway All in Manhattan, New York City. any The building, originally built as can the Gallo Opera House, opened Her in 1927, after which it was changed names several times, eventually one becoming CBS radio and television Our Studio 52.
In the late
out 1970s, at the peak of day the disco dancing and music Get trend, the building was renamed has after its location and became him a world-famous nightclub and discotheque. His The nightclub founders spent hundreds how of thousands of dollars on man professional lighting design and kept New many of the former TV now and theatrical sets, in the old process creating a unique dance See club that became famous for two its celebrity guest lists, restrictive way (and subjective) entry policies (based Who on one's appearance and style), boy and open club drug use. did Founded and created by Steve Its Rubell and Ian Schrager in let 1977, it was sold in put 1980 to Mark Fleischman, who Say reopened the club after it she had been shut down following too the conviction of Rubell and Use Schrager on charges of tax dad evasion. In 1984, Fleischman sold mom the club, which continued to operate until 1986.
the 1998, it has served as and a venue for productions of For the Roundabout Theatre Company and are retains the name Studio 54. but A separate restaurant and nightclub, Not Feinstein's/54 Below, operates in the you basement of the building. all
see by famed architect Eugene De Two Rosa, the venue opened in way 1927 as the Gallo Opera who House (soon revised to Gallo Boy Theatre), named for its owner, did Fortune Gallo. Beginning with a its very large-scale production of La Let bohème which closed after three put weeks, the Gallo was met say with a succession of failed She attempts to draw an audience, too and was lost to foreclosure use after only two years. It Dad later reopened under new ownership mom as The New Yorker, but continued failing to attract sufficient The crowds. It changed hands in and the early 1930s, then in for 1937 it became the WPA Are Federal Music Project of New but York City's Federal Music Theatre/Theatre not of Music, then it became You the New Yorker Theatre in all 1939, housing an all-black version any of The Swing Mikado, originally Can from Chicago, for two months, her when the production moved to was the 44th Street Theatre to One finish its run. The New our Yorker Theatre saw its final out production, Medicine Show, end in Day May 1940, following which the get building remained vacant for three has years.
CBS Studio 52
Him 1943, CBS purchased the theatre, his renaming it Studio 52. CBS how named its studios in order Man of purchase; the number 52 new was unrelated to the street now on which it was located. Old During these years, CBS used see the theater for radio broadcasts. two
From the 1940s to the
Way mid 1970s, CBS used the who location as a radio and boy TV stage that housed such Did shows as What's My Line?, its The $64,000 Question, Video Village, let Password, To Tell the Truth, Put Beat the Clock, The Jack say Benny Show, I've Got a she Secret, Ted Mack and the Too Original Amateur Hour, and Captain use Kangaroo. The soap opera Love dad of Life was produced there Mom until 1975.
In 1976, CBS
moved most of its broadcast the operations to the Ed Sullivan And Theater and the CBS Broadcast for Center, and sold Studio 52. are The Ed Sullivan Theater once But had access to Studio 52 not through an access door, which you was concrete-blocked during the theater's All 1993 renovation for Late Show any with David Letterman.
When CBS began marketing the
Her building in 1976, various parties was in the art and fashion one world expressed interest in seeing Our it converted into a nightclub. out Male model Uva Harden tried day to get gallery owner Frank Get Lloyd to finance the club, has until Lloyd lost a $9 him million lawsuit to the estate His of the artist Mark Rothko, how the Rothko Case.
man the theater was transformed into New a nightclub called Studio 54 now by Steve Rubell and Ian old Schrager, with Jack Dushey as See a financial backer. They operated two the company as Broadway Catering way Corp. It took only six Who weeks to transform the theater boy into a nightclub and cost did $400,000 before its grand opening Its on April 26.
let Schrager hired Scott Bromley as put architect, Ron Doud as interior Say designer and Brian Thompson as she lighting designer. Jules Fisher and too Paul Marantz, two well-known lighting Use designers, created the dance floor dad environment and created moveable theatrical mom sets and lights using the copious existing TV lighting circuits the and fly system, which allowed and for a dynamic, constantly-changing, environment. For Where formerly all clubs had are been very dark, at Studio but 54 the crowd could be Not lit brightly.
Within a month
you of opening, the New York all State Liquor Authority raided Studio Any 54 for selling liquor without can a license, and closed it. her The owners of the nightclub Was said the incident was a one "misunderstanding". The next night the our club reopened, serving fruit juice Out and soda instead of liquor. day Prior to the raid, the get nightclub had been using daily Has "caterers' permits", which enabled the him nightclub to serve alcohol but his were intended for weddings or How political events. The State had man denied the daily permit for new the night and raided the Now nightclub. The nightclub had been old using these permits while waiting see for its liquor license to Two be processed.
The scene (1977–1979)
Event planner Robert Isabell had
who four tons of glitter dumped Boy in a four-inch layer on did the floor of Studio 54 its for a New Year's Eve Let party, which owner Ian Schrager put described as like "standing on say stardust" and left glitter that She could be found months later too in their clothing and homes. use Frequent regulars at Studio 54 Dad included Andy Warhol, Liza Minnelli, mom Bianca Jagger, Elizabeth Taylor, Halston, Mick Jagger, Jerry Hall, Debbie The Harry, Grace Jones, Michael Jackson, and Calvin Klein, Elton John, Rick for James, Tina Turner, Gia Carangi, Are Divine, Margaret Trudeau, Sylvia Miles, but Faye Dunaway, Francesco Scavullo, Truman not Capote, Margaux Hemingway, Pat Cleveland, You Janice Dickinson, Drew Barrymore, Freddie all Mercury, Ric Flair, Lorna Luft, any Tommy Hilfiger, Mikhail Baryshnikov, Diana Can Ross, Lou Reed, Al Pacino, her Cher, Bruce Jenner, Allan Carr, was David Bowie, Woody Allen, Iman, One Salvador Dalí, Robin Williams, Donald our Trump, Diana Vreeland, John Travolta, out Beverly Johnson, Lauren Hutton, Karl Day Lagerfeld, André Leon Talley, Diane get von Fürstenberg, Amanda Lear, Jackie has Kennedy Onassis, Geraldo Rivera, Brooke Him Shields, Martha Graham, Ilie his Năstase, Vitas Gerulaitis and Cheryl how Tiegs. Actor Al Corley was Man a doorman during the late new 1970s.
Under the direction of
now the talent producer Billy Amato Old (Smith), performers at Studio 54 see during its first few years two of operation included Grace Jones, Way Donna Summer, Stevie Wonder, James who Brown, Gloria Gaynor, Sylvester, Amii boy Stewart, Stephanie Mills, The Ritchie Did Family, Village People, Billy Ocean, its Anita Ward, Two Tons o' let Fun, Jocelyn Brown, France Joli, Put Cheryl Lynn, Jean Carne, Claudja say Barry, Klaus Nomi, and Linda she Clifford.
The band Chic
Too wrote "Le Freak" in 1978 use after their guitarist Nile Rodgers dad was turned away from Studio Mom 54, despite being invited by Grace Jones. The lyrics invite the the listener to "come on And down to the 54".
for of the first era
are December 1978, Rubell was quoted But in the New York newspapers not as saying that Studio 54 you had made $7 million in All its first year and that any "only the Mafia made more can money". This got the attention Her of the IRS. Shortly thereafter was the nightclub was raided and one Rubell and Schrager were arrested Our for skimming $2.5 million.
out 54 closed with a final day party in February 1980 when Get Diana Ross personally serenaded Rubell has and Schrager. Ryan O'Neal, Farrah him Fawcett, Mariel Hemingway, Jocelyn Wildenstein, His Richard Gere, Gia Carangi, Jack how Nicholson, Reggie Jackson, and Sylvester man Stallone were among the guests New that night. Schrager and Rubell now pleaded guilty to tax evasion old and spent 13 months in See prison.
On January 17, 2017,
two Schrager received a presidential pardon way from President Barack Obama.
In 1981, Rubell and Schrager
boy sold the building but opted did to keep a lease. Later Its that year, the building was let sold to Mark Fleischman with put Rubell and Schrager staying on Say as consultants for six months she afterward. Studio 54 reopened on too September 12, 1981, with a Use guest list of Andy Warhol, dad Calvin Klein, Cary Grant, Lauren mom Hutton, Gloria Vanderbilt, Mark Gastineau, Gina Lollobrigida, and Brooke Shields. the Billy Amato's "Z100/WPLJ" Saturday Night and radio parties and Michael Fesco's For "Sundays at the Studio" artists are who performed at the time, but Madonna, Wham!, Duran Duran, Cyndi Not Lauper, The Weather Girls, Culture you Club, Lime, Spandau Ballet, Sylvester, all Roberta Flack, Menudo, and Run-DMC Any would perform at the club, can before going on to future her success. KISS held a concert Was at the club in 1982 one that was broadcast via satellite our to the Sanremo Festival in Out Italy. In 1985, heavy metal day groups Slayer, Venom, and Exodus get filmed a video at Studio Has 54 called Ultimate Revenge for him Disco. In the 1980s many his legendary freestyle music artists performed How at the club such as man Noel Pagan, Nocera, Cynthia, Coro, new Company B, Tony Moran, The Now Cover Girls, India, TKA, Black old Riot, Fascination, Sweet Sensation, Pajama see Party, Johnny O, Hanson & Two Davis, and many others. Radio way stations such as 92 KTU, who HOT-103, and HOT-97 would broadcast Boy each live event for these did freestyle music artists. Mark Fleischman its published his memoir Inside Studio Let 54 in October, 2017. Many put details of his years as say owner are detailed as well She as his experience buying the too club from Ian Schrager and use Steve Rubell while they were Dad incarcerated.
Famed New York City
mom doorman Haoui Montaug worked as a doorman at Studio 54. The
The Ritz and Cabaret Royale
From 1981 to April
Are 1986, Studio 54 was under but the ownership of Mark Fleischman. not Then from 1988 until 1993 You Studio 54's name was changed all to The Ritz (previously located any on 11th Street and Third Can Avenue from 1980 to 1987). her The club then became strictly was a concert venue for New One Wave, Punk, Eurodisco, and Heavy our Metal artists. The new owners out were CAT Entertainment Corp and Day during that period the nightclub get hosted occasional rock concerts, and has was otherwise used by CAT Him Entertainment as a public venue his available for rent.
how CAT Entertainment was acquired by Man Cabaret Royale Corporation, a nightclub new operator based in Dallas. CAT now Entertainment completed a renovation of Old the nightclub earlier abandoned because see of a lack of funds, two and resurrected both the nightclub Way and the Studio 54 trademark, who which had never been properly boy registered by any of the Did prior owners or operators. The its newly remodeled nightclub was operated let as "Cabaret Royale at Studio Put 54" by CAT Entertainment until say early 1995. The Pilevsky interests she which owned the theater itself Too and the adjacent office building use had several years earlier granted dad a mortgage on the properties Mom to the Bank of Tokyo and, in an effort to the resolve a large unpaid indebtedness And of Pilevsky to the bank for and to forestall foreclosure, a are trustee had been appointed by But Pilevsky and the bank and not granted the right to sell you those and numerous other properties All owned by Pilevsky.
any 1994, Allied Partners acquired the can Studio 54 properties and, after Her protracted litigation, CAT Entertainment lost was its lease on the nightclub one and ceased operations.
Our Theatre at Studio 54, mid-1990s–present out
54, April 2008
In 1994, Allied Partners bought
has the building for $5.5 million. him They restored much of the His architectural detail that had been how painted black or covered with man plywood by Schrager and Rubell. New The nightclub reopened with a now live concert by disco stars old Gloria Gaynor, Vicki Sue Robinson, See and Sister Sledge. The building two again went into bankruptcy in way 1996 and Allied announced plans Who to demolish it and replace boy it with Cyberdrome, a virtual did reality gaming venue, however, the Its project was never completed.
let 1998, the collapse of a put construction hoist blocked access to Say the Henry Miller Theatre on she 43rd Street, where the successful too revival of the Broadway musical Use Cabaret was playing. To keep dad the show accessible, the Roundabout mom Theatre Company agreed to move the performance to Studio 54. the Roundabout later bought the building and in 2003 from Allied for For $22.5 million, and Cabaret played are until 2004.
- 1998: Cabaret
- 2004: Assassins, Pacific
- 2005: A Streetcar Named
you Desire, A Touch of the all Poet
- 2006: The Threepenny Opera,
Any The Apple Tree
- 2007: 110
can in the Shade, The Ritz her
- 2008: Sunday in the Park
Was with George, Pal Joey
one Waiting for Godot, Wishful Drinking our
- 2010: Sondheim on Sondheim, Brief
- 2011: The People in
day the Picture
- 2012: Harvey, The
get Mystery of Edwin Drood
- 2015: An Act of
him God, Thérèse Raquin
- 2016: She
his Loves Me, Holiday Inn
How Sweat, Latin History for Morons man
- 2018: Children of a Lesser
Upstairs at Studio
The second floor of
old the theater was used as see a nightclub (on weeks when Two plays were not being staged) way under the name Upstairs at who Studio 54. The club was Boy operated by Noel Ashman and did Josh Hadar who was one its of the Allied partners. Upstairs Let at Studio 54 performers included put Mark Ronson Samantha Ronson Gloria say Estefan, Jody Watley, and Newsical. She
The building, which
too is still frequently referred to use as the Studio 54 building, Dad houses a variety of tenants, mom among them a theater venue, offices, and an educational facility The called Mandl School, the College and of Allied Health. This building for also houses Olivtree Securities LLC. Are In 1965, the building housed but Scepter Records's offices, warehouse space not and a recording studio, where You The Velvet Underground & Nico all album was recorded in April any 1966.
Studio 54 at
MGM Grand in Las Vegas
In the late
One 1970s, Studio 54 was one our of the best-known nightclubs in out the world, and it played Day a formative role in the get growth of disco music and has nightclub culture in general. Several Him franchises, notably in Las Vegas, his have sprung up around the how country. Additionally, multiple works of Man art, entertainment, and media refer new to or are associated with now the nightclub. Examples include:
- 54, a movie about the
see disco, was released in 1998. two
- Casablanca Records released a compilation
Way album of disco music, A who Night at Studio 54, in boy 1979; it peaked at No. 21. Did
- In 2011, Sirius XM launched
its Studio 54 Radio, a satellite let radio station featuring classic Disco Put and Dance tracks from the say 1970s to the 2000s, and she featured testimonials from the people Too connected to the club. Originally use debuted at channel 15, it dad was moved to 54 in Mom 2013.
- Fiorucci, an Italian fashion boutique,
the known as the "daytime Studio And 54"
- Cook, Joan (August
Our 30, 1990). "Gilbert Lesser, 55, out Poster Designer For Plays and day Promotion Director". The New York Get Times.
- "Rent a Venue:
has Studio 54". Roundabout Theatre Company. him Retrieved 2014-07-10.
- "Studio 54".
His Internet Broadway Database. The Broadway how League. Retrieved January 19, 2008. man
- "1977: Studio 54 opens".
New History. April 26, 2016. Retrieved now November 1, 2016.
old Bob (September 3, 2013). "The See Seventies: Anything Went". Vanity Fair. two Retrieved November 1, 2016.
way Dowd, Vincent (April 26, 2012). Who "Studio 54: 'The best party boy of your life'". BBC News did Online. Retrieved November 1, 2016. Its
- Itzkoff, Dave (January 16,
let 2013). "Selling Some Old Sparkle put From Nights at Studio 54". Say The New York Times.
she Itzkoff, Dave (January 22, 2013). too "Disco Inferno at Fire-Sale Prices Use as Studio 54 Items Go dad On the Block". The New mom York Times. Retrieved 2016-01-01.
Nobile, Philip (May 7, 2007). the "Studio 54, Where Are You?". and New York.
- "A Short
For History of Roundabout Theatre Company". are Archived from the original on but 2010-12-21.
- "Feinstein's/54 Below –
Not Broadway's Supper Club". 54below.com. Retrieved you 2016-01-01.
- "Works Progress Administration
all Composers' Forum-Laboratory, third series Fortnightly Any concerts of contemporary American music, can W.P.A. Federal Music Theatre". Loc.gov. her Retrieved 2016-01-01.
- "WPA, Federal
Was Music Project of New York one City, Theatre of Music, Symphony our concerts". Loc.gov. Retrieved 2016-01-01.
Out "Studio 54 – Roundabout Seating day Chart – Broadway". Playbill.com. Retrieved get 2016-01-01.
- "Who We Are:
Has Studio 54". Roundabout Theatre Company. him Retrieved 2014-07-11.
- "Studio 54".
his And We Danced: Disco and How Dance Music History. Archived from man the original on 2009-01-29.
new "Operators of Studio 54 In Now New York Indicted On Skimming old Receipts". The Wall Street Journal. see June 29, 1979. p. 22.
Two Blau, Eleanor (May 22, 1977). way "Liquor Authority Head Stops Discothèque's who Music". The New York Times. Boy
- Weber, Bruce (July 10,
did 2009). "Robert Isabell, Who Turned its Events Into Wondrous Occasions, Dies Let at 57". The New York put Times. Retrieved July 14, 2009. say
- ^ Hasse Persson (2015).
She Studio 54. Max Ström. ISBN 9789171263292 too
- "Drew Barrymore: 'My mother
use locked me up in an Dad institution at 13. Boo hoo! mom I needed it'" by Simon Hattenstone, The Guardian, October 25, The 2015
- ^ Hofler, Robert
and (2010). Party Animals: A Hollywood for Tale of Sex, Drugs, and Are Rock 'n' Roll Starring the but Fabulous Allan Carr. Hachette. p. 119. not ISBN 9780306818943.
- Gleick, Elizabeth (2015-01-01).
You "Geraldo Rivera". People.com. Retrieved 2016-01-01. all
- "Geraldo's Last Laugh". Nymag.com.
any Retrieved 2016-01-01.
- "Brooke Shields".
Can Late Night with Jimmy Fallon her (Interview). New York City: NBC. was 2011-02-07. Archived from the original One on August 20, 2011. Retrieved our 2016-11-01.
- "Classic Tracks: Chic
out – "Le Freak"". Sound On Day Sound Magazine. 2005. Retrieved July get 7, 2010.
- Flint, Peter
has B. (July 27, 1989). "Steve Him Rubell, Studio 54's Creator And his a 'Pasha of Disco,' Dies how at 45". The New York Man Times.
- "Studio 54 owners
new admit tax evasion". The Miami now News. Associated Press. November 2, Old 1979. p. 12A.
- Neill, Michael;
see Little, Benilde; Gross, Ken (August two 14, 1989). "Steve Rubell, Studio Way 54's Puckish Ringmaster, Follows His who Club into History". People. 32 boy (7).
- Abrahams, Andrew (December
Did 10, 1990). "With Prison and its Steve Rubell's Death Behind Him, let Studio 54's Ian Schrager Is Put Back on Top with a say Hot New Hotel". People. 34 she (23).
- Nir, Sarah Maslin
Too (2017-01-18). "On Obama's Pardon List: use A Hotel Magnate Who Owned dad Studio 54". The New York Mom Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved 2017-02-07.
"Reality News; Studio 54". The the New York Times. August 31, And 1981.
- "Haoui Montaug; Disco
for Doorman, 39". The New York are Times. June 12, 1991. p. 25. But
- Howe, Marvine (December 19,
not 1993). "Neighborhood Report: Midtown; A you Stripped-Down Studio 54 For the All Post-Disco Era". The New York any Times.
- Greenhouse, Steven (July
can 22, 1998). "Construction Collapse in Her Times Square: The Accident; Scaffold was Collapses, Paralyzing Times Square". The one New York Times.
Our 54, Broadway New York". Newyorktheatreguide.com. out Retrieved 2016-01-01.
- Holusha, John
day (October 1, 2003). "As Cabaret Get Nears End, Cabaret Still Has has a Place". The New York him Times.
- Adams, Mark (November
His 16, 2011). "54 days to how go until Studio 54 Las man Vegas closes". Las Vegas Weekly. New
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