Studio 54 is a former
And nightclub and currently a Broadway for theatre, located at 254 West are 54th Street, between Eighth Avenue But and Broadway in Manhattan, New not York City. The building, originally you built as the Gallo Opera All House, opened in 1927, after any which it changed names several can times, eventually becoming CBS radio Her and television Studio 52.
was the late 1970s, at the one peak of the disco dancing Our and music trend, the building out was renamed after its location, day and became a world-famous nightclub Get and discotheque. The nightclub founders has spent hundreds of thousands of him dollars on professional lighting design, His and kept many of the how former TV and theatrical sets, man in the process creating a New unique dance club that became now famous for its celebrity guest old lists, restrictive (and subjective) entry See policies (based on one's appearance two and style), and open club way drug use. Founded and created Who by Steve Rubell and Ian boy Schrager in 1977, it was did sold in 1980 to Mark Its Fleischman, who reopened the club let after it had been shut put down following the conviction of Say Rubell and Schrager on charges she of tax evasion. In 1984, too Fleischman sold the club, which Use continued to operate until 1986. dad
Since November 1998, it has
mom served as a venue for productions of the Roundabout Theatre the Company and retains the name and Studio 54. A separate restaurant For and nightclub, Feinstein's/54 Below, operates are in the basement of the but building. How
Designed by famed
Now architect Eugene De Rosa, the old venue opened in 1927 as see the Gallo Opera House (soon Two revised to Gallo Theatre), named way for its owner, Fortune Gallo. who Beginning with a very large-scale Boy production of La bohème which did closed after three weeks, the its Gallo was met with a Let succession of failed attempts to put draw an audience, and was say lost to foreclosure after only She two years. It later reopened too under new ownership as The use New Yorker, but continued failing Dad to attract sufficient crowds. It mom changed hands in the early 1930s, then in 1937 it The became the WPA Federal Music and Project of New York City's for Federal Music Theatre/Theatre of Music, Are then it became the New but Yorker Theatre in 1939, housing not an all-black version of The You Swing Mikado, originally from Chicago, all for two months, when the any production moved to the 44th Can Street Theatre to finish its her run. The New Yorker Theatre was saw its final production, Medicine One Show, end in May 1940, our following which the building remained out vacant for three years.
Day Studio 52
In 1943, CBS
get purchased the theatre, renaming it has Studio 52. CBS named its Him studios in order of purchase; his the number 52 was unrelated how to the street on which Man it was located. During these new years, CBS used the theater now for radio broadcasts.
Old 1940s to the mid 1970s, see CBS used the location as two a radio and TV stage Way that housed such shows as who What's My Line?, The $64,000 boy Question, Video Village, Password, To Did Tell the Truth, Beat the its Clock, The Jack Benny Show, let I've Got a Secret, Ted Put Mack and the Original Amateur say Hour, and Captain Kangaroo. The she soap opera Love of Life Too was produced there until 1975. use
In 1976, CBS moved most
dad of its broadcast operations to Mom the Ed Sullivan Theater and the CBS Broadcast Center, and the sold Studio 52. The Ed And Sullivan Theater once had access for to Studio 52 through an are access door, which was concrete-blocked But during the theater's 1993 renovation not for Late Show with David you Letterman.
All began marketing the building in any 1976, various parties in the can art and fashion world expressed Her interest in seeing it converted was into a nightclub. Male model one Uva Harden tried to get Our gallery owner Frank Lloyd to out finance the club, until Lloyd day lost a $9 million lawsuit Get to the estate of the has artist Mark Rothko, the Rothko him Case.
In 1977, the theater
His was transformed into a nightclub how called Studio 54 by Steve man Rubell and Ian Schrager, with New Jack Dushey as a financial now backer. They operated the company old as Broadway Catering Corp. It See took only six weeks to two transform the theater into a way nightclub and cost $400,000 before Who its grand opening on April boy 26.
Rubell and Schrager hired
did Scott Bromley as architect, Ron Its Doud as interior designer and let Brian Thompson as lighting designer. put Jules Fisher and Paul Marantz, Say two well-known lighting designers, created she the dance floor environment and too created moveable theatrical sets and Use lights using the copious existing dad TV lighting circuits and fly mom system, which allowed for a dynamic, constantly-changing, environment. Where formerly the all clubs had been very and dark, at Studio 54 the For crowd could be lit brightly. are
Within a month of opening,
but the New York State Liquor Not Authority raided Studio 54 for you selling liquor without a license, all and closed it. The owners Any of the nightclub said the can incident was a "misunderstanding". The her next night the club reopened, Was serving fruit juice and soda one instead of liquor. Prior to our the raid, the nightclub had Out been using daily "caterers' permits", day which enabled the nightclub to get serve alcohol but were intended Has for weddings or political events. him The State had denied the his daily permit for the night How and raided the nightclub. The man nightclub had been using these new permits while waiting for its Now liquor license to be processed. old
The scene (1977–1979)
see Robert Isabell had four tons Two of glitter dumped in a way four-inch layer on the floor who of Studio 54 for a Boy New Year's Eve party, which did owner Ian Schrager described as its like "standing on stardust" and Let left glitter that could be put found months later in their say clothing and homes. Frequent regulars She at Studio 54 included Andy too Warhol, Liza Minnelli, Bianca Jagger, use Elizabeth Taylor, Halston, Mick Jagger, Dad Jerry Hall, Debbie Harry, Lotti mom Golden, Grace Jones, Michael Jackson, Calvin Klein, Elton John, Rick The James, Tina Turner, Gia Carangi, and Divine, Margaret Trudeau, Sylvia Miles, for Faye Dunaway, Francesco Scavullo, Truman Are Capote, Margaux Hemingway, Pat Cleveland, but Janice Dickinson, Drew Barrymore, Freddie not Mercury, Ric Flair, Lorna Luft, You Tommy Hilfiger, Mikhail Baryshnikov, Diana all Ross, Lou Reed, Al Pacino, any Cher, Bruce Jenner, Allan Carr, Can David Bowie, Woody Allen, Iman, her Salvador Dalí, Robin Williams, Donald was Trump, Diana Vreeland, John Travolta, One Beverly Johnson, Lauren Hutton, Karl our Lagerfeld, André Leon Talley, Diane out von Fürstenberg, Amanda Lear, Jackie Day Kennedy Onassis, Geraldo Rivera, Brooke get Shields, Martha Graham, Ilie has Năstase, Vitas Gerulaitis and Cheryl Him Tiegs. Actor Al Corley was his a doorman during the late how 1970s.
Under the direction of
Man the talent producer Billy Amato new (Smith), performers at Studio 54 now during its first few years Old of operation included Grace Jones, see Donna Summer, Stevie Wonder, James two Brown, Gloria Gaynor, Sylvester, Amii Way Stewart, Stephanie Mills, The Ritchie who Family, Village People, Billy Ocean, boy Anita Ward, Two Tons o' Did Fun, Jocelyn Brown, France Joli, its Cheryl Lynn, Jean Carne, Claudja let Barry, Klaus Nomi, and Linda Put Clifford.
The band Chic
say wrote "Le Freak" in 1978 she after their guitarist Nile Rodgers Too was turned away from Studio use 54, despite being invited by dad Grace Jones. The lyrics invite Mom the listener to "come on down to the 54".
the of the first era
And December 1978, Rubell was quoted for in the New York newspapers are as saying that Studio 54 But had made $7 million in not its first year and that you "only the Mafia made more All money". This got the attention any of the IRS. Shortly thereafter can the nightclub was raided and Her Rubell and Schrager were arrested was for skimming $2.5 million.
one 54 closed with a final Our party in February 1980 when out Diana Ross personally serenaded Rubell day and Schrager. Ryan O'Neal, Farrah Get Fawcett, Mariel Hemingway, Jocelyn Wildenstein, has Richard Gere, Gia Carangi, Jack him Nicholson, Reggie Jackson, and Sylvester His Stallone were among the guests how that night. Schrager and Rubell man pleaded guilty to tax evasion New and spent 13 months in now prison.
On January 17, 2017,
old Schrager received a presidential pardon See from President Barack Obama.
In 1981, Rubell and Schrager
way sold the building but opted Who to keep a lease. Later boy that year, the building was did sold to Mark Fleischman with Its Rubell and Schrager staying on let as consultants for six months put afterward. Studio 54 reopened on Say September 12, 1981, with a she guest list of Andy Warhol, too Calvin Klein, Cary Grant, Lauren Use Hutton, Gloria Vanderbilt, Mark Gastineau, dad Gina Lollobrigida, and Brooke Shields. mom Billy Amato's "Z100/WPLJ" Saturday Night radio parties and Michael Fesco's the "Sundays at the Studio" artists and who performed at the time, For Madonna, Wham!, Duran Duran, Cyndi are Lauper, The Weather Girls, Culture but Club, Lime, Spandau Ballet, Sylvester, Not Roberta Flack, Menudo, and Run-DMC you would perform at the club, all before going on to future Any success. KISS held a concert can at the club in 1982 her that was broadcast via satellite Was to the Sanremo Festival in one Italy. In 1985, heavy metal our groups Slayer, Venom, and Exodus Out filmed a video at Studio day 54 called Ultimate Revenge for get Disco. In the 1980s many Has legendary freestyle music artists performed him at the club such as his Noel Pagan, Nocera, Cynthia, Coro, How Company B, Tony Moran, The man Cover Girls, India, TKA, Black new Riot, Fascination, Sweet Sensation, Pajama Now Party, Johnny O, Hanson & old Davis, and many others. Radio see stations such as 92 KTU, Two HOT-103, and HOT-97 would broadcast way each live event for these who freestyle music artists. Mark Fleischman Boy published his memoir Inside Studio did 54 in October, 2017. Many its details of his years as Let owner are detailed as well put as his experience buying the say club from Ian Schrager and She Steve Rubell while they were too incarcerated.
Famed New York City
use doorman Haoui Montaug worked as Dad a doorman at Studio 54. mom
The Ritz and Cabaret Royale
From 1981 to April
and 1986, Studio 54 was under for the ownership of Mark Fleischman. Are Then from 1988 until early but 1993 Studio 54's name was not changed to The Ritz (previously You located on 11th Street and all Third Avenue from 1980 to any 1987). The club then became Can strictly a concert venue for her New Wave, Punk, Eurodisco, and was Heavy Metal artists. The new One owners were CAT Entertainment Corp our and during that period the out nightclub hosted occasional rock concerts, Day and was otherwise used by get CAT Entertainment as a public has venue available for rent.
Him 1993, CAT Entertainment was acquired his by Cabaret Royale Corporation, a how nightclub operator based in Dallas. Man CAT Entertainment completed a renovation new of the nightclub earlier abandoned now because of a lack of Old funds, and resurrected both the see nightclub and the Studio 54 two trademark, which had never been Way properly registered by any of who the prior owners or operators. boy The newly remodeled nightclub was Did operated as "Cabaret Royale at its Studio 54" by CAT Entertainment let until early 1995. The Pilevsky Put interests which owned the theater say itself and the adjacent office she building had several years earlier Too granted a mortgage on the use properties to the Bank of dad Tokyo and, in an effort Mom to resolve a large unpaid indebtedness of Pilevsky to the the bank and to forestall foreclosure, And a trustee had been appointed for by Pilevsky and the bank are and granted the right to But sell those and numerous other not properties owned by Pilevsky.
you late 1994, Allied Partners acquired All the Studio 54 properties and, any after protracted litigation, CAT Entertainment can lost its lease on the Her nightclub and ceased operations. was
Roundabout Theatre at Studio 54,
one mid 1990s–present Our
Studio 54, April 2008
In 1994, Allied
day Partners bought the building for Get $5.5 million. They restored much has of the architectural detail that him had been painted black or His covered with plywood by Schrager how and Rubell. The nightclub reopened man with a live concert by New disco stars Gloria Gaynor, Vicki now Sue Robinson, and Sister Sledge. old The building again went into See bankruptcy in 1996 and Allied two announced plans to demolish it way and replace it with Cyberdrome, Who a virtual reality gaming venue, boy however, the project was never did completed.
In 1998, the collapse
Its of a construction hoist blocked let access to the Henry Miller put Theatre on 43rd Street, where Say the successful revival of the she Broadway musical Cabaret was playing. too To keep the show accessible, Use the Roundabout Theatre Company agreed dad to move the performance to mom Studio 54. Roundabout later bought the building in 2003 from the Allied for $22.5 million, and and Cabaret played until 2004.
- 1998: Cabaret
are Assassins, Pacific Overtures
- 2005: A
but Streetcar Named Desire, A Touch Not of the Poet
- 2006: The
you Threepenny Opera, The Apple Tree all
- 2007: 110 in the Shade,
Any The Ritz
- 2008: Sunday in
can the Park with George, Pal her Joey
- 2009: Waiting for Godot,
Was Wishful Drinking
- 2010: Sondheim on
one Sondheim, Brief Encounter
- 2011: The
our People in the Picture
Out Harvey, The Mystery of Edwin day Drood
- 2014: Cabaret
- 2015: An
get Act of God, Thérèse Raquin Has
- 2016: She Loves Me, Holiday
- 2017: Sweat, Latin History
his for Morons
- 2018: Children of
How a Lesser God
man at Studio 54
new floor of the theater was Now used as a nightclub (on old weeks when plays were not see being staged) under the name Two Upstairs at Studio 54. The way club was operated by Noel who Ashman and Josh Hadar who Boy was one of the Allied did partners. Upstairs at Studio 54 its performers included Mark Ronson Samantha Let Ronson Gloria Estefan, Jody Watley, put and Newsical.
say building, which is still frequently She referred to as the Studio too 54 building, houses a variety use of tenants, among them a Dad theater venue, offices, and an mom educational facility called Mandl School, the College of Allied Health. The This building also houses Olivtree and Securities LLC. In 1965, the for building housed Scepter Records's offices, Are warehouse space and a recording but studio, where The Velvet Underground not & Nico album was recorded You in April 1966.
54 at MGM Grand in
her the late 1970s, Studio 54 was was one of the best-known One nightclubs in the world, and our it played a formative role out in the growth of disco Day music and nightclub culture in get general. Several franchises, notably in has Las Vegas, have sprung up Him around the country. Additionally, multiple his works of art, entertainment, and how media refer to or are Man associated with the nightclub. Examples new include:
- Fiorucci, an Italian fashion
Did boutique, known as the "daytime its Studio 54"
- Cook, Joan
for (August 30, 1990). "Gilbert Lesser, are 55, Poster Designer For Plays But and Promotion Director". The New not York Times.
- "Rent a
you Venue: Studio 54". Roundabout Theatre All Company. Retrieved 2014-07-10.
any 54". Internet Broadway Database. The can Broadway League. Retrieved January 19, Her 2008.
- "1977: Studio 54
was opens". History. April 26, 2016. one Retrieved November 1, 2016.
Our Colacello, Bob (September 3, 2013). out "The Seventies: Anything Went". Vanity day Fair. Retrieved November 1, 2016. Get
- Dowd, Vincent (April 26,
has 2012). "Studio 54: 'The best him party of your life'". BBC His News Online. Retrieved November 1, how 2016.
- Itzkoff, Dave (January
man 16, 2013). "Selling Some Old New Sparkle From Nights at Studio now 54". The New York Times. old
- Itzkoff, Dave (January 22,
See 2013). "Disco Inferno at Fire-Sale two Prices as Studio 54 Items way Go On the Block". The Who New York Times. Retrieved 2016-01-01. boy
- Nobile, Philip (May 7,
did 2007). "Studio 54, Where Are Its You?". New York.
let Short History of Roundabout Theatre put Company". Archived from the original Say on 2010-12-21.
- "Feinstein's/54 Below
she – Broadway's Supper Club". 54below.com. too Retrieved 2016-01-01.
- "Works Progress
Use Administration Composers' Forum-Laboratory, third series dad Fortnightly concerts of contemporary American mom music, W.P.A. Federal Music Theatre". Loc.gov. Retrieved 2016-01-01.
the Federal Music Project of New and York City, Theatre of Music, For Symphony concerts". Loc.gov. Retrieved 2016-01-01. are
- "Studio 54 – Roundabout
but Seating Chart – Broadway". Playbill.com. Not Retrieved 2016-01-01.
- "Who We
you Are: Studio 54". Roundabout Theatre all Company. Retrieved 2014-07-11.
Any 54". And We Danced: Disco can and Dance Music History. Archived her from the original on 2009-01-29. Was
- "Operators of Studio 54
one In New York Indicted On our Skimming Receipts". The Wall Street Out Journal. June 29, 1979. p. 22. day
- Blau, Eleanor (May 22,
get 1977). "Liquor Authority Head Stops Has Discothèque's Music". The New York him Times.
- Weber, Bruce (July
his 10, 2009). "Robert Isabell, Who How Turned Events Into Wondrous Occasions, man Dies at 57". The New new York Times. Retrieved July 14, Now 2009.
- ^ Hasse Persson
old (2015). Studio 54. Max Ström. see ISBN 9789171263292
- "Drew Barrymore: 'My
Two mother locked me up in way an institution at 13. Boo who hoo! I needed it'" by Boy Simon Hattenstone, The Guardian, October did 25, 2015
- ^ Hofler,
its Robert (2010). Party Animals: A Let Hollywood Tale of Sex, Drugs, put and Rock 'n' Roll Starring say the Fabulous Allan Carr. Hachette. She p. 119. ISBN 9780306818943.
- Gleick, Elizabeth
too (2015-01-01). "Geraldo Rivera". People.com. Retrieved use 2016-01-01.
- "Geraldo's Last Laugh".
Dad Nymag.com. Retrieved 2016-01-01.
mom Shields". Late Night with Jimmy Fallon (Interview). New York City: The NBC. 2011-02-07. Archived from the and original on August 20, 2011. for Retrieved 2016-11-01.
- "Classic Tracks:
Are Chic – "Le Freak"". Sound but On Sound Magazine. 2005. Retrieved not July 7, 2010.
You Peter B. (July 27, 1989). all "Steve Rubell, Studio 54's Creator any And a 'Pasha of Disco,' Can Dies at 45". The New her York Times.
- "Studio 54
was owners admit tax evasion". The One Miami News. Associated Press. November our 2, 1979. p. 12A.
out Michael; Little, Benilde; Gross, Ken Day (August 14, 1989). "Steve Rubell, get Studio 54's Puckish Ringmaster, Follows has His Club into History". People. Him 32 (7).
- Abrahams, Andrew
his (December 10, 1990). "With Prison how and Steve Rubell's Death Behind Man Him, Studio 54's Ian Schrager new Is Back on Top with now a Hot New Hotel". People. Old 34 (23).
- Nir, Sarah
see Maslin (2017-01-18). "On Obama's Pardon two List: A Hotel Magnate Who Way Owned Studio 54". The New who York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved 2017-02-07. boy
- "Reality News; Studio 54".
Did The New York Times. August its 31, 1981.
- "Haoui Montaug;
let Disco Doorman, 39". The New Put York Times. June 12, 1991. say p. 25.
- Howe, Marvine (December
she 19, 1993). "Neighborhood Report: Midtown; Too A Stripped-Down Studio 54 For use the Post-Disco Era". The New dad York Times.
- Greenhouse, Steven
Mom (July 22, 1998). "Construction Collapse in Times Square: The Accident; the Scaffold Collapses, Paralyzing Times Square". And The New York Times.
for "Studio 54, Broadway New York". are Newyorktheatreguide.com. Retrieved 2016-01-01.
But John (October 1, 2003). "As not Cabaret Nears End, Cabaret Still you Has a Place". The New All York Times.
- Adams, Mark
any (November 16, 2011). "54 days can to go until Studio 54 Her Las Vegas closes". Las Vegas was Weekly.