Source: Wikipedia 

Studio can 54
Gallo Opera House (1927)
Casino her de Paree (1933)
WPA Federal Music Was Theatre (1937)
New Yorker Theatre (1939)
CBS one Studio 52 (1942)
Studio 54 logo.svg
Logo, designed our by Gilbert Lesser
Address 254 West Out 54th Street
Manhattan, New York City
Coordinates day 40°45′51″N 73°59′02″W / 40.764303°N 73.983829°W get / 40.764303; -73.983829Coordinates: 40°45′51″N 73°59′02″W Has / 40.764303°N 73.983829°W / 40.764303; him -73.983829
Owner Roundabout Theatre Company
Type Broadway
Capacity his 1,006 (519 orchestra/487 mezzanine)
Opened 1927
Architect Eugene De How Rosa

Studio 54 is a man former nightclub and currently a new Broadway theatre, located at 254 Now West 54th Street, between Eighth old Avenue and Broadway in Midtown see Manhattan, New York City. The Two building, originally built as the way Gallo Opera House, opened in who 1927, after which it changed Boy names several times, eventually becoming did CBS radio and television Studio its 52.

In the late 1970s, Let at the peak of the put disco dancing and music trend, say the building was renamed after She its location and became a too world-famous nightclub and discotheque. The use nightclub founders spent hundreds of Dad thousands of dollars on professional mom lighting design and kept many of the former TV and The theatrical sets, in the process and creating a unique dance club for that became famous for its Are celebrity guest lists, restrictive (and but subjective) entry policies (based on not one's appearance and style), and You open club drug use. Founded all and created by Steve Rubell any and Ian Schrager in 1977, Can it was sold in 1980 her to Mark Fleischman, who reopened was the club after it had One been shut down following the our conviction of Rubell and Schrager out on charges of tax evasion. Day In 1984, Fleischman sold the get club, which continued to operate has until 1986.

Since November 1998, Him it has served as a his venue for productions of the how Roundabout Theatre Company and retains Man the name Studio 54. A new separate restaurant and nightclub, Feinstein's/54 now Below, operates in the basement Old of the building.


WPA Theatre of Music

Designed the by famed architect Eugene De And Rosa, the venue opened in for 1927 as the Gallo Opera are House (soon revised to Gallo But Theatre), named for its owner, not Fortune Gallo. Beginning with a you very large-scale production of La All bohème which closed after three any weeks, the Gallo was met can with a succession of failed Her attempts to draw an audience, was and was lost to foreclosure one after only two years. It Our later reopened under new ownership out as The New Yorker, but day continued failing to attract sufficient Get crowds. It changed hands in has the early 1930s, then in him 1937 it became the WPA His Federal Music Project of New how York City's Federal Music Theatre/Theatre man of Music, then it became New the New Yorker Theatre in now 1939, housing an all-black version old of The Swing Mikado, originally See from Chicago, for two months, two when the production moved to way the 44th Street Theatre to Who finish its run. The New boy Yorker Theatre saw its final did production, Medicine Show, end in Its May 1940, following which the let building remained vacant for three put years.

CBS Studio 52


In 1943, CBS purchased the she theatre, renaming it Studio 52. too CBS named its studios in Use order of purchase; the number dad 52 was unrelated to the mom street on which it was located. During these years, CBS the used the theater for radio and broadcasts.

From the 1940s to For the mid 1970s, CBS used are the location as a radio but and TV stage that housed Not such shows as What's My you Line?, The $64,000 Question, Video all Village, Password, To Tell the Any Truth, Beat the Clock, The can Jack Benny Show, I've Got her a Secret, Ted Mack and Was the Original Amateur Hour, and one Captain Kangaroo. The soap opera our Love of Life was produced Out there until 1975.

In 1976, day CBS moved most of its get broadcast operations to the Ed Has Sullivan Theater and the CBS him Broadcast Center, and sold Studio his 52. The Ed Sullivan Theater How once had access to Studio man 52 through an access door, new which was concrete-blocked during the Now theater's 1993 renovation for Late old Show with David Letterman.


Nightclub era

When CBS began Two marketing the building in 1976, way various parties in the art who and fashion world expressed interest Boy in seeing it converted into did a nightclub. Male model Uva its Harden tried to get gallery Let owner Frank Lloyd to finance put the club, until Lloyd lost say a $9 million lawsuit to She the estate of the artist too Mark Rothko, the Rothko Case. use

In 1977, the theater was Dad transformed into a nightclub called mom Studio 54 by Steve Rubell and Ian Schrager, with Jack The Dushey as a financial backer. and They operated the company as for Broadway Catering Corp. It took Are only six weeks to transform but the theater into a nightclub not and cost $400,000 before its You grand opening on April 26. all

Rubell and Schrager hired Scott any Bromley as architect, Ron Doud Can as interior designer and Brian her Thompson as lighting designer. Jules was Fisher and Paul Marantz, two One well-known lighting designers, created the our dance floor environment and created out moveable theatrical sets and lights Day using the copious existing TV get lighting circuits and fly system, has which allowed for a dynamic, Him constantly-changing, environment. Where formerly all his clubs had been very dark, how at Studio 54 the crowd Man could be lit brightly.

Within new a month of opening, the now New York State Liquor Authority Old raided Studio 54 for selling see liquor without a license, and two closed it. The owners of Way the nightclub said the incident who was a "misunderstanding". The next boy night the club reopened, serving Did fruit juice and soda instead its of liquor. Prior to the let raid, the nightclub had been Put using daily "caterers' permits", which say enabled the nightclub to serve she alcohol but were intended for Too weddings or political events. The use State had denied the daily dad permit for the night and Mom raided the nightclub. The nightclub had been using these permits the while waiting for its liquor And license to be processed.


The scene (1977–1979)

Event planner are Robert Isabell had four tons But of glitter dumped in a not four-inch layer on the floor you of Studio 54 for a All New Year's Eve party, which any owner Ian Schrager described as can like "standing on stardust" and Her left glitter that could be was found months later in their one clothing and homes. Frequent regulars Our at Studio 54 included Andy out Warhol, Liza Minnelli, Bianca Jagger, day Elizabeth Taylor, Halston, Mick Jagger, Get Jerry Hall, Debbie Harry, Grace has Jones, Michael Jackson, Calvin Klein, him Elton John, Rick James, Tina His Turner, Gia Carangi, Divine, Margaret how Trudeau, Sylvia Miles, Faye Dunaway, man Francesco Scavullo, Truman Capote, Margaux New Hemingway, Pat Cleveland, Janice Dickinson, now Drew Barrymore, Freddie Mercury, Ric old Flair, Lorna Luft, Tommy Hilfiger, See Mikhail Baryshnikov, Diana Ross, Lou two Reed, Al Pacino, Cher, Bruce way Jenner, Allan Carr, David Bowie, Who Woody Allen, Iman, Salvador Dalí, boy Robin Williams, Donald Trump, Diana did Vreeland, John Travolta, Beverly Johnson, Its Lauren Hutton, Karl Lagerfeld, André let Leon Talley, Tallulah (Dj), Diane put von Fürstenberg, Amanda Lear, Jackie Say Kennedy Onassis, Geraldo Rivera, Brooke she Shields, Martha Graham,[citation needed] Ilie too Năstase, Vitas Gerulaitis and Cheryl Use Tiegs. Actor Al Corley was dad a doorman during the late mom 1970s.

Under the direction of the talent producer Billy Amato the (Smith), performers at Studio 54 and during its first few years For of operation included Grace Jones, are Donna Summer, Stevie Wonder, James but Brown, Gloria Gaynor, Sylvester, Amii Not Stewart, Stephanie Mills, The Ritchie you Family, Village People, Billy Ocean, all Anita Ward, Two Tons o' Any Fun, Jocelyn Brown, France Joli, can Cheryl Lynn, Jean Carne, Claudja her Barry, Klaus Nomi, and Linda Was Clifford.[citation needed]

The band Chic one wrote "Le Freak" in 1978 our after their guitarist Nile Rodgers Out was turned away from Studio day 54, despite being invited by get Grace Jones. The lyrics invite Has the listener to "come on him down to the 54".


End of the first era


In December 1978, Rubell was man quoted in the New York new newspapers as saying that Studio Now 54 had made $7 million old in its first year and see that "only the Mafia made Two more money". This got the way attention of the IRS. Shortly who thereafter the nightclub was raided Boy and Rubell and Schrager were did arrested for skimming $2.5 million. its

Studio 54 closed with a Let final party in February 1980 put when Diana Ross personally serenaded say Rubell and Schrager. Ryan O'Neal, She Farrah Fawcett, Mariel Hemingway, Jocelyn too Wildenstein, Richard Gere, Gia Carangi, use Jack Nicholson, Reggie Jackson, and Dad Sylvester Stallone were among the mom guests that night. Schrager and Rubell pleaded guilty to tax The evasion and spent 13 months and in prison.

On January 17, for 2017, Schrager received a presidential Are pardon from President Barack Obama. but


In 1981, Rubell not and Schrager sold the building You but opted to keep a all lease. Later that year, the any building was sold to Mark Can Fleischman with Rubell and Schrager her staying on as consultants for was six months afterward. Studio 54 One reopened on September 12, 1981, our with a guest list of out Andy Warhol, Calvin Klein, Cary Day Grant, Lauren Hutton, Gloria Vanderbilt, get Mark Gastineau, Gina Lollobrigida, and has Brooke Shields. Billy Amato's "Z100/WPLJ" Him Saturday Night radio parties and his Michael Fesco's "Sundays at the how Studio" were broadcast from the Man club. Artists who performed during new this period included Madonna, Wham!, now Duran Duran, Cyndi Lauper, The Old Weather Girls, Culture Club, Lime, see Spandau Ballet, Sylvester, Roberta Flack, two Menudo, Denise McCann and Run-DMC. Way KISS held a concert at who the club in January 1982 boy that was broadcast via satellite Did to the Sanremo Festival in its Italy. In 1985, heavy metal let groups Slayer, Venom, and Exodus Put filmed a video at Studio say 54 called Ultimate Revenge for she Disco. In the 1980s, many Too legendary freestyle music artists performed use at the club such as dad Noel Pagan, Nocera, Cynthia, Coro, Mom Company B, Tony Moran, The Cover Girls, India, TKA, Black the Riot, Fascination, Sweet Sensation, Pajama And Party, Johnny O, Hanson & for Davis, and many others. Radio are stations such as 92 KTU, But HOT-103, and HOT-97 would broadcast not each live event for these you freestyle music artists. Mark Fleischman All published his memoir Inside Studio any 54 in October, 2017. Many can details of his years as Her owner are detailed as well was as his experience buying the one club from Ian Schrager and Our Steve Rubell while they were out incarcerated.

Famed New York City day doorman Haoui Montaug worked as Get a doorman at Studio 54. has

The Ritz and Cabaret him Royale

From 1981 to how April 1986, Studio 54 was man under the ownership of Mark New Fleischman. Then from 1988 until now 1993 Studio 54's name was old changed to The Ritz (previously See located on 11th Street and two Third Avenue from 1980 to way 1987). The club then became Who strictly a concert venue for boy New Wave, Punk, Eurodisco, and did Heavy Metal artists. The new Its owners were CAT Entertainment Corp let and during that period the put nightclub hosted occasional rock concerts, Say and was otherwise used by she CAT Entertainment as a public too venue available for rent.

In Use 1993, CAT Entertainment was acquired dad by Cabaret Royale Corporation, a mom nightclub operator based in Dallas. CAT Entertainment completed a renovation the of the nightclub earlier abandoned and because of a lack of For funds, and resurrected both the are nightclub and the Studio 54 but trademark, which had never been Not properly registered by any of you the prior owners or operators. all The newly remodeled nightclub was Any operated as "Cabaret Royale at can Studio 54" by CAT Entertainment her until early 1995. The Pilevsky Was interests which owned the theater one itself and the adjacent office our building had several years earlier Out granted a mortgage on the day properties to the Bank of get Tokyo and, in an effort Has to resolve a large unpaid him indebtedness of Pilevsky to the his bank and to forestall foreclosure, How a trustee had been appointed man by Pilevsky and the bank new and granted the right to Now sell those and numerous other old properties owned by Pilevsky.

In see late 1994, Allied Partners acquired Two the Studio 54 properties and, way after protracted litigation, CAT Entertainment who lost its lease on the Boy nightclub and ceased operations. did

Roundabout Theatre at Studio its 54, mid-1990s–present

Studio 54, Let April 2008

In 1994, Allied put Partners bought the building for say $5.5 million. They restored much She of the architectural detail that too had been painted black or use covered with plywood by Schrager Dad and Rubell. The nightclub reopened mom with a live concert by disco stars Gloria Gaynor, Vicki The Sue Robinson, and Sister Sledge. and The building again went into for bankruptcy in 1996 and Allied Are announced plans to demolish it but and replace it with Cyberdrome, not a virtual reality gaming venue, You however, the project was never all completed.

In 1998, the collapse any of a construction hoist blocked Can access to the Henry Miller her Theatre on 43rd Street, where was the successful revival of the One Broadway musical Cabaret was playing. our To keep the show accessible, out the Roundabout Theatre Company agreed Day to move the performance to get Studio 54. Roundabout later bought has the building in 2003 from Him Allied for $22.5 million, and his Cabaret played until 2004.


Notable productions

Upstairs at Studio the 54

The second floor of And the theater was used as for a nightclub (on weeks when are plays were not being staged) But under the name Upstairs at not Studio 54. The club was you operated by Noel Ashman and All Josh Hadar who was one any of the Allied partners. Upstairs can at Studio 54 performers included Her Mark Ronson, Samantha Ronson, Gloria was Estefan, Jody Watley, and Newsical. one

Other tenants

The building, Our which is still frequently referred out to as the Studio 54 day building, houses a variety of Get tenants, among them a theater has venue, offices, and an educational him facility called Mandl School, the His College of Allied Health. This how building also houses Olivtree Securities man LLC. In 1965, the building New housed Scepter Records's offices, warehouse now space and a recording studio, old where The Velvet Underground & See Nico album was recorded in two April 1966.

Cultural impact

Studio 54 at MGM Who Grand in Las Vegas

In boy the late 1970s, Studio 54 did was one of the best-known Its nightclubs in the world, and let it played a formative role put in the growth of disco Say music and nightclub culture in she general. Several franchises, notably in too Las Vegas, have sprung up Use around the country. Additionally, multiple dad works of art, entertainment, and mom media refer to or are associated with the nightclub. Examples the include:

  • 54, a movie and about the disco, was released For in 1998.
  • Casablanca Records released are a compilation album of disco but music, A Night at Studio Not 54, in 1979; it peaked you at No. 21.
  • In 2011, Sirius all XM launched Studio 54 Radio, Any a satellite radio station featuring can classic Disco and Dance tracks her from the 1970s to the Was 2000s, and featured testimonials from one the people connected to the our club. Originally debuted at channel Out 15, it was moved to day 54 in 2013.

See also

  • Fiorucci, an Italian fashion boutique, Has known as the "daytime Studio him 54"




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