Studio 54 is a former
two nightclub and currently a Broadway way theatre, located at 254 West Who 54th Street, between Eighth Avenue boy and Broadway in Manhattan, New did York City. The building, originally Its built as the Gallo Opera let House, opened in 1927, after put which it changed names several Say times, eventually becoming CBS radio she and television Studio 52.
too the late 1970s, at the Use peak of the disco dancing dad and music trend, the building mom was renamed after its location, and became a world-famous nightclub the and discotheque. The nightclub founders and spent hundreds of thousands of For dollars on professional lighting design, are and kept many of the but former TV and theatrical sets, Not in the process creating a you unique dance club that became all famous for its celebrity guest Any lists, restrictive (and subjective) entry can policies (based on one's appearance her and style), and open club Was drug use. Founded and created one by Steve Rubell and Ian our Schrager in 1977, it was Out sold in 1980 to Mark day Fleischman, who reopened the club get after it had been shut Has down following the conviction of him Rubell and Schrager on charges his of tax evasion. In 1984, How Fleischman sold the club, which man continued to operate until 1991. new
Since November 1998, it has
Now served as a venue for old productions of the Roundabout Theatre see Company and retains the name Two Studio 54. A separate restaurant way and nightclub, Feinstein's/54 Below, operates who in the basement of the Boy building. but
Designed by famed
all architect Eugene De Rosa, the any venue opened in 1927 as Can the Gallo Opera House (soon her revised to Gallo Theatre), named was for its owner, Fortune Gallo. One Beginning with a very large-scale our production of La bohème which out closed after three weeks, the Day Gallo was met with a get succession of failed attempts to has draw an audience, and was Him lost to foreclosure after only his two years. It later reopened how under new ownership as The Man New Yorker, but continued failing new to attract sufficient crowds. It now changed hands in the early Old 1930s, then in 1937 it see became the WPA Federal Music two Project of New York City's Way Federal Music Theatre/Theatre of Music, who then it became the New boy Yorker Theatre in 1939, housing Did an all-black version of The its Swing Mikado, originally from Chicago, let for two months, when the Put production moved to the 44th say Street Theatre to finish its she run. The New Yorker Theatre Too saw its final production, Medicine use Show, end in May 1940, dad following which the building remained Mom vacant for three years.
In 1943, CBS
the purchased the theatre, renaming it And Studio 52. CBS named its for studios in order of purchase; are the number 52 was unrelated But to the street on which not it was located. During these you years, CBS used the theater All for radio broadcasts.
any 1940s to the mid 1970s, can CBS used the location as Her a radio and TV stage was that housed such shows as one What's My Line?, The $64,000 Our Question, Video Village, Password, To out Tell the Truth, Beat the day Clock, The Jack Benny Show, Get I've Got a Secret, Ted has Mack and the Original Amateur him Hour, and Captain Kangaroo. The His soap opera Love of Life how was produced there until 1975. man
In 1976, CBS moved most
New of its broadcast operations to now the Ed Sullivan Theater and old the CBS Broadcast Center, and See sold Studio 52. The Ed two Sullivan Theater once had access way to Studio 52 through an Who access door, which was concrete-blocked boy during the theater's 1993 renovation did for Late Show with David Its Letterman.
let began marketing the building in put 1976, various parties in the Say art and fashion world expressed she interest in seeing it converted too into a nightclub. Male model Use Uva Harden tried to get dad gallery owner Frank Lloyd to mom finance the club, until Lloyd lost a $9 million lawsuit the to the estate of the and artist Mark Rothko, the Rothko For Case.
In 1977, the theater
are was transformed into a nightclub but called Studio 54 by Steve Not Rubell and Ian Schrager, with you Jack Dushey as a financial all backer. They operated the company Any as Broadway Catering Corp. It can took only six weeks to her transform the theater into a Was nightclub and cost $400,000 before one its grand opening on April our 26.
Rubell and Schrager hired
Out Scott Bromley as architect, Ron day Doud as interior designer and get Brian Thompson as lighting designer. Has Jules Fisher and Paul Marantz, him two well-known lighting designers, created his the dance floor environment and How created moveable theatrical sets and man lights using the copious existing new TV lighting circuits and fly Now system, which allowed for a old dynamic, constantly-changing, environment. Where formerly see all clubs had been very Two dark, at Studio 54 the way crowd could be lit brightly. who
Within a month of opening,
Boy the New York State Liquor did Authority raided Studio 54 for its selling liquor without a license, Let and closed it. The owners put of the nightclub said the say incident was a "misunderstanding". The She next night the club reopened, too serving fruit juice and soda use instead of liquor. Prior to Dad the raid, the nightclub had mom been using daily "caterers' permits", which enabled the nightclub to The serve alcohol but were intended and for weddings or political events. for The State had denied the Are daily permit for the night but and raided the nightclub. The not nightclub had been using these You permits while waiting for its all liquor license to be processed. any
The scene (1977–1979)
Can Robert Isabell had four tons her of glitter dumped in a was four-inch layer on the floor One of Studio 54 for a our New Year's Eve party, which out owner Ian Schrager described as Day like "standing on stardust" and get left glitter that could be has found months later in their Him clothing and homes. Frequent regulars his at Studio 54 included Andy how Warhol, Liza Minnelli, Bianca Jagger, Man Elizabeth Taylor, Halston, Mick Jagger, new Jerry Hall, Debbie Harry, Lotti now Golden, Grace Jones, Michael Jackson, Old Calvin Klein, Elton John, Rick see James, Tina Turner, Gia Carangi, two Divine, Margaret Trudeau, Sylvia Miles, Way Faye Dunaway, Francesco Scavullo, Truman who Capote, Margaux Hemingway, Pat Cleveland, boy Janice Dickinson, Drew Barrymore, Freddie Did Mercury, Ric Flair, Lorna Luft, its Tommy Hilfiger, Mikhail Baryshnikov, Diana let Ross, Lou Reed, Al Pacino, Put Cher, Bruce Jenner, Allan Carr, say David Bowie, Woody Allen, Iman, she Salvador Dalí, Robin Williams, Donald Too Trump, Diana Vreeland, John Travolta, use Beverly Johnson, Lauren Hutton, Karl dad Lagerfeld, André Leon Talley, Diane Mom von Fürstenberg, Amanda Lear, Jackie Kennedy Onassis, Geraldo Rivera, Brooke the Shields, Martha Graham, Ilie And Năstase, Vitas Gerulaitis and Cheryl for Tiegs. Actor Al Corley was are a doorman during the late But 1970s.
Under the direction of
not the talent producer Billy Amato you (Smith), performers at Studio 54 All during its first few years any of operation included Grace Jones, can Donna Summer, Stevie Wonder, James Her Brown, Gloria Gaynor, Sylvester, Amii was Stewart, Stephanie Mills, The Ritchie one Family, Village People, Billy Ocean, Our Anita Ward, Two Tons o' out Fun, Jocelyn Brown, France Joli, day Cheryl Lynn, Jean Carne, Claudja Get Barry, Klaus Nomi, and Linda has Clifford.
End of the
him first era
In December 1978,
His Rubell was quoted in the how New York newspapers as saying man that Studio 54 had made New $7 million in its first now year and that "only the old Mafia made more money". This See got the attention of the two IRS. Shortly thereafter the nightclub way was raided and Rubell and Who Schrager were arrested for skimming boy $2.5 million.
Studio 54 closed
did with a final party in Its February 1980 when Diana Ross let personally serenaded Rubell and Schrager. put Ryan O'Neal, Farrah Fawcett, Mariel Say Hemingway, Jocelyn Wildenstein, Richard Gere, she Gia Carangi, Jack Nicholson, Reggie too Jackson, and Sylvester Stallone were Use among the guests that night. dad Schrager and Rubell pleaded guilty mom to tax evasion and spent 13 months in prison.
the January 17, 2017, Schrager received and a presidential pardon from President For Barack Obama.
are Rubell and Schrager sold the but building but opted to keep Not a lease. Later that year, you the building was sold to all Mark Fleischman with Rubell and Any Schrager staying on as consultants can for six months afterward. Studio her 54 reopened on September 12, Was 1981, with a guest list one of Andy Warhol, Calvin Klein, our Cary Grant, Lauren Hutton, Gloria Out Vanderbilt, Mark Gastineau, Gina Lollobrigida, day and Brooke Shields. Billy Amato's get "Z100/WPLJ" Saturday Night radio parties Has and Michael Fesco's "Sundays at him the Studio" artists who performed his at the time, Madonna, Wham!, How Duran Duran, Cyndi Lauper, The man Weather Girls, Culture Club, Lime, new Spandau Ballet, Sylvester, Roberta Flack, Now Menudo, and Run-DMC would perform old at the club, before going see on to future success. KISS Two held a concert at the way club in 1982 that was who broadcast via satellite to the Boy Sanremo Festival in Italy. In did 1985, heavy metal groups Slayer, its Venom, and Exodus filmed a Let video at Studio 54 called put Ultimate Revenge for Disco. In say the 1980s many legendary freestyle She music artists performed at the too club such as Noel Pagan, use Nocera, Cynthia, Coro, Tony Moran, Dad India, TKA, Black Riot, Fascination, mom Sweet Sensation, Pajama Party, Johnny O, Hanson & Davis, and The many others. Radio stations such and as 92 KTU, HOT-103, and for HOT-97 would broadcast each live Are event for these freestyle music but artists.
Famed New York City
not doorman Haoui Montaug worked as You a doorman at Studio 54. all
The Ritz and Cabaret Royale
From 1981 to April
her 1986, Studio 54 was under was the ownership of Mark Fleischman. One Then from 1988 until early our 1993 Studio 54's name was out changed to The Ritz (previously Day located on 11th Street and get Third Avenue from 1980 to has 1987). The club then became Him strictly a concert venue for his New Wave, Punk, Eurodisco, and how Heavy Metal artists. The new Man owners were CAT Entertainment Corp new and during that period the now nightclub hosted occasional rock concerts, Old and was otherwise used by see CAT Entertainment as a public two venue available for rent.
Way 1993, CAT Entertainment was acquired who by Cabaret Royale Corporation, a boy nightclub operator based in Dallas. Did CAT Entertainment completed a renovation its of the nightclub earlier abandoned let because of a lack of Put funds, and resurrected both the say nightclub and the Studio 54 she trademark, which had never been Too properly registered by any of use the prior owners or operators. dad The newly remodeled nightclub was Mom operated as "Cabaret Royale at Studio 54" by CAT Entertainment the until early 1995. The Pilevsky And interests which owned the theater for itself and the adjacent office are building had several years earlier But granted a mortgage on the not properties to the Bank of you Tokyo and, in an effort All to resolve a large unpaid any indebtedness of Pilevsky to the can bank and to forestall foreclosure, Her a trustee had been appointed was by Pilevsky and the bank one and granted the right to Our sell those and numerous other out properties owned by Pilevsky.
day late 1994, Allied Partners acquired Get the Studio 54 properties and, has after protracted litigation, CAT Entertainment him lost its lease on the His nightclub and ceased operations. how
Roundabout Theatre at Studio 54,
man mid 1990s–present New
Studio 54, April 2008
In 1994, Allied
old Partners bought the building for See $5.5 million. They restored much two of the architectural detail that way had been painted black or Who covered with plywood by Schrager boy and Rubell. The nightclub reopened did with a live concert by Its disco stars Gloria Gaynor, Vicki let Sue Robinson, and Sister Sledge. put The building again went into Say bankruptcy in 1996 and Allied she announced plans to demolish it too and replace it with Cyberdrome, Use a virtual reality gaming venue, dad however, the project was never mom completed.
In 1998, the collapse
of a construction hoist blocked the access to the Henry Miller and Theatre on 43rd Street, where For the successful revival of the are Broadway musical Cabaret was playing. but To keep the show accessible, Not the Roundabout Theatre Company agreed you to move the performance to all Studio 54. Roundabout later bought Any the building in 2003 from can Allied for $22.5 million, and her Cabaret played until 2004.
- 1998: Cabaret
one Assassins, Pacific Overtures
- 2005: A
our Streetcar Named Desire, A Touch Out of the Poet
- 2006: The
day Threepenny Opera, The Apple Tree get
- 2007: 110 in the Shade,
Has The Ritz
- 2008: Sunday in
him the Park with George, Pal his Joey
- 2009: Waiting for Godot,
How Wishful Drinking
- 2010: Sondheim on
man Sondheim, Brief Encounter
- 2011: The
new People in the Picture
Now Harvey, The Mystery of Edwin old Drood
- 2014: Cabaret
- 2015: An
see Act of God, Thérèse Raquin Two
- 2016: She Loves Me, Holiday
- 2017: Sweat, Latin History
who for Morons
- 2018: Children of
Boy a Lesser God
did at Studio 54
its floor of the theater was Let used as a nightclub (on put weeks when plays were not say being staged) under the name She Upstairs at Studio 54. The too club was operated by Josh use Hadar who was one of Dad the Allied partners. Upstairs at mom Studio 54 performers included Gloria Estefan, Jody Watley, and Newsical. The
The building, which
and is still frequently referred to for as the Studio 54 building, Are houses a variety of tenants, but among them a theater venue, not offices, and an educational facility You called Mandl School, the College all of Allied Health. This building any also houses Olivtree Securities LLC. Can In 1965, the building housed her Scepter Records's offices, warehouse space was and a recording studio, where One The Velvet Underground & Nico our album was recorded in April out 1966.
Studio 54 at
MGM Grand in Las Vegas
In the late
Him 1970s, Studio 54 was one his of the best-known nightclubs in how the world, and it played Man a formative role in the new growth of disco music and now nightclub culture in general. Several Old franchises, notably in Las Vegas, see have sprung up around the two country. Additionally, multiple works of Way art, entertainment, and media refer who to or are associated with boy the nightclub. Examples include:
use an Italian fashion boutique, known dad as the "daytime Studio 54" Mom
- Cook, Joan (August 30,
Her 1990). "Gilbert Lesser, 55, Poster was Designer For Plays and Promotion one Director". The New York Times. Our
- "Rent a Venue: Studio
out 54". Roundabout Theatre Company. Retrieved day 2014-07-10.
- "Studio 54". Internet
Get Broadway Database. The Broadway League. has Retrieved January 19, 2008.
him "1977: Studio 54 opens". History. His April 26, 2016. Retrieved November how 1, 2016.
- Colacello, Bob
man (September 3, 2013). "The Seventies: New Anything Went". Vanity Fair. Retrieved now November 1, 2016.
old Vincent (April 26, 2012). "Studio See 54: 'The best party of two your life'". BBC News Online. way Retrieved November 1, 2016.
Who Itzkoff, Dave (January 16, 2013). boy "Selling Some Old Sparkle From did Nights at Studio 54". The Its New York Times.
let Dave (January 22, 2013). "Disco put Inferno at Fire-Sale Prices as Say Studio 54 Items Go On she the Block". The New York too Times. Retrieved 2016-01-01.
Use Philip (May 7, 2007). "Studio dad 54, Where Are You?". New mom York.
- "A Short History
of Roundabout Theatre Company". Archived the from the original on 2010-12-21. and
- "Feinstein's/54 Below – Broadway's
For Supper Club". 54below.com. Retrieved 2016-01-01. are
- "Works Progress Administration Composers'
but Forum-Laboratory, third series Fortnightly concerts Not of contemporary American music, W.P.A. you Federal Music Theatre". Loc.gov. Retrieved all 2016-01-01.
- "WPA, Federal Music
Any Project of New York City, can Theatre of Music, Symphony concerts". her Loc.gov. Retrieved 2016-01-01.
Was 54 – Roundabout Seating Chart one – Broadway". Playbill.com. Retrieved 2016-01-01. our
- "Who We Are: Studio
Out 54". Roundabout Theatre Company. Retrieved day 2014-07-11.
- "Studio 54". And
get We Danced: Disco and Dance Has Music History. Archived from the him original on 2009-01-29.
his of Studio 54 In New How York Indicted On Skimming Receipts". man The Wall Street Journal. June new 29, 1979. p. 22.
Now Eleanor (May 22, 1977). "Liquor old Authority Head Stops Discothèque's Music". see The New York Times.
Two Weber, Bruce (July 10, 2009). way "Robert Isabell, Who Turned Events who Into Wondrous Occasions, Dies at Boy 57". The New York Times. did Retrieved July 14, 2009.
its Hasse Persson (2015). Studio Let 54. Max Ström. ISBN 9789171263292
put Hofler, Robert (2010). Party say Animals: A Hollywood Tale of She Sex, Drugs, and Rock 'n' too Roll Starring the Fabulous Allan use Carr. Hachette. p. 119. ISBN 9780306818943.
Dad Gleick, Elizabeth (2015-01-01). "Geraldo Rivera". mom People.com. Retrieved 2016-01-01.
Last Laugh". Nymag.com. Retrieved 2016-01-01. The
- "Brooke Shields". Late Night
and with Jimmy Fallon (Interview). New for York City: NBC. 2011-02-07. Archived Are from the original on August but 20, 2011. Retrieved 2016-11-01.
not Flint, Peter B. (July 27, You 1989). "Steve Rubell, Studio 54's all Creator And a 'Pasha of any Disco,' Dies at 45". The Can New York Times.
her 54 owners admit tax evasion". was The Miami News. Associated Press. One November 2, 1979. p. 12A.
our Neill, Michael; Little, Benilde; Gross, out Ken (August 14, 1989). "Steve Day Rubell, Studio 54's Puckish Ringmaster, get Follows His Club into History". has People. 32 (7).
Him Andrew (December 10, 1990). "With his Prison and Steve Rubell's Death how Behind Him, Studio 54's Ian Man Schrager Is Back on Top new with a Hot New Hotel". now People. 34 (23).
Old Sarah Maslin (2017-01-18). "On Obama's see Pardon List: A Hotel Magnate two Who Owned Studio 54". The Way New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved who 2017-02-07.
- "Reality News; Studio
boy 54". The New York Times. Did August 31, 1981.
its Montaug; Disco Doorman, 39". The let New York Times. June 12, Put 1991. p. 25.
- Howe, Marvine
say (December 19, 1993). "Neighborhood Report: she Midtown; A Stripped-Down Studio 54 Too For the Post-Disco Era". The use New York Times.
dad Steven (July 22, 1998). "Construction Mom Collapse in Times Square: The Accident; Scaffold Collapses, Paralyzing Times the Square". The New York Times. And
- "Studio 54, Broadway New
for York". Newyorktheatreguide.com. Retrieved 2016-01-01.
are Holusha, John (October 1, 2003). But "As Cabaret Nears End, Cabaret not Still Has a Place". The you New York Times.
All Mark (November 16, 2011). "54 any days to go until Studio can 54 Las Vegas closes". Las Her Vegas Weekly.
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