Way 54 is a former nightclub who and currently a Broadway theatre, boy located at 254 West 54th Did Street, between Eighth Avenue and its Broadway in Manhattan, New York let City. The building, originally built Put as the Gallo Opera House, say opened in 1927, after which she it changed names several times, Too eventually becoming CBS radio and use television Studio 52.
dad late 1970s, at the peak Mom of the disco dancing and music trend, the building was the renamed after its location, and And became a world-famous nightclub and for discotheque. The nightclub founders spent are hundreds of thousands of dollars But on professional lighting design, and not kept many of the former you TV and theatrical sets, in All the process creating a unique any dance club that became famous can for its celebrity guest lists, Her restrictive (and subjective) entry policies was (based on one's appearance and one style), and open club drug Our use. Founded and created by out Steve Rubell and Ian Schrager day in 1977, it was sold Get in 1980 to Mark Fleischman, has who reopened the club after him it had been shut down His following the conviction of Rubell how and Schrager on charges of man tax evasion. In 1984, Fleischman New sold the club, which continued now to operate until 1991.
old November 1998, it has served See as a venue for productions two of the Roundabout Theatre Company way and retains the name Studio Who 54. A separate restaurant and boy nightclub, Feinstein's/54 Below, operates in did the basement of the building. Its you
Designed by famed architect
can Eugene De Rosa, the venue her opened in 1927 as the Was Gallo Opera House (soon revised one to Gallo Theatre), named for our its owner, Fortune Gallo. Beginning Out with a very large-scale production day of La bohème which closed get after three weeks, the Gallo Has was met with a succession him of failed attempts to draw his an audience, and was lost How to foreclosure after only two man years. It later reopened under new new ownership as The New Now Yorker, but continued failing to old attract sufficient crowds. It changed see hands in the early 1930s, Two then in 1937 it became way the WPA Federal Music Project who of New York City's Federal Boy Music Theatre/Theatre of Music, then did it became the New Yorker its Theatre in 1939, housing an Let all-black version of The Swing put Mikado, originally from Chicago, for say two months, when the production She moved to the 44th Street too Theatre to finish its run. use The New Yorker Theatre saw Dad its final production, Medicine Show, mom end in May 1940, following which the building remained vacant The for three years.
In 1943, CBS purchased
for the theatre, renaming it Studio Are 52. CBS named its studios but in order of purchase; the not number 52 was unrelated to You the street on which it all was located. During these years, any CBS used the theater for Can radio broadcasts.
From the 1940s
her to the mid 1970s, CBS was used the location as a One radio and TV stage that our housed such shows as What's out My Line?, The $64,000 Question, Day Video Village, Password, To Tell get the Truth, Beat the Clock, has The Jack Benny Show, I've Him Got a Secret, Ted Mack his and the Original Amateur Hour, how and Captain Kangaroo. The soap Man opera Love of Life was new produced there until 1975.
now 1976, CBS moved most of Old its broadcast operations to the see Ed Sullivan Theater and the two CBS Broadcast Center, and sold Way Studio 52. The Ed Sullivan who Theater once had access to boy Studio 52 through an access Did door, which was concrete-blocked during its the theater's 1993 renovation for let Late Show with David Letterman. Put
When CBS began
say marketing the building in 1976, she various parties in the art Too and fashion world expressed interest use in seeing it converted into dad a nightclub. Male model Uva Mom Harden tried to get gallery owner Frank Lloyd to finance the the club, until Lloyd lost And a $9 million lawsuit to for the estate of the artist are Mark Rothko, the Rothko Case. But
In 1977, the theater was
not transformed into a nightclub called you Studio 54 by Steve Rubell All and Ian Schrager, with Jack any Dushey as a financial backer. can They operated the company as Her Broadway Catering Corp. It took was only six weeks to transform one the theater into a nightclub Our and cost $400,000 before its out grand opening on April 26. day
Rubell and Schrager hired Scott
Get Bromley as architect, Ron Doud has as interior designer and Brian him Thompson as lighting designer. Jules His Fisher and Paul Marantz, two how well-known lighting designers, created the man dance floor environment and created New moveable theatrical sets and lights now using the copious existing TV old lighting circuits and fly system, See which allowed for a dynamic, two constantly-changing, environment. Where formerly all way clubs had been very dark, Who at Studio 54 the crowd boy could be lit brightly.
did a month of opening, the Its New York State Liquor Authority let raided Studio 54 for selling put liquor without a license, and Say closed it. The owners of she the nightclub said the incident too was a "misunderstanding". The next Use night the club reopened, serving dad fruit juice and soda instead mom of liquor. Prior to the raid, the nightclub had been the using daily "caterers' permits", which and enabled the nightclub to serve For alcohol but were intended for are weddings or political events. The but State had denied the daily Not permit for the night and you raided the nightclub. The nightclub all had been using these permits Any while waiting for its liquor can license to be processed.
her scene (1977–1979)
Event planner Robert
Was Isabell had four tons of one glitter dumped in a four-inch our layer on the floor of Out Studio 54 for a New day Year's Eve party, which owner get Ian Schrager described as like Has "standing on stardust" and left him glitter that could be found his months later in their clothing How and homes. Frequent regulars at man Studio 54 included Andy Warhol, new Liza Minnelli, Bianca Jagger, Elizabeth Now Taylor, Halston, Mick Jagger, Jerry old Hall, Debbie Harry, Lotti Golden, see Grace Jones, Michael Jackson, Calvin Two Klein, Elton John, Rick James, way Tina Turner, Gia Carangi, Divine, who Margaret Trudeau, Sylvia Miles, Faye Boy Dunaway, Francesco Scavullo, Truman Capote, did Margaux Hemingway, Pat Cleveland, Janice its Dickinson, Drew Barrymore, Freddie Mercury, Let Ric Flair, Lorna Luft, Tommy put Hilfiger, Mikhail Baryshnikov, Diana Ross, say Lou Reed, Al Pacino, Cher, She Bruce Jenner, Allan Carr, David too Bowie, Woody Allen, Iman, Salvador use Dalí, Robin Williams, Donald Trump, Dad Diana Vreeland, John Travolta, Beverly mom Johnson, Lauren Hutton, Karl Lagerfeld, André Leon Talley, Diane von The Fürstenberg, Amanda Lear, Jackie Kennedy and Onassis, Geraldo Rivera, Brooke Shields, for Martha Graham, Ilie Năstase, Are Vitas Gerulaitis and Cheryl Tiegs. but Actor Al Corley was a not doorman during the late 1970s. You
Under the direction of the
all talent producer Billy Amato (Smith), any performers at Studio 54 during Can its first few years of her operation included Grace Jones, Donna was Summer, Stevie Wonder, James Brown, One Gloria Gaynor, Sylvester, Amii Stewart, our Stephanie Mills, The Ritchie Family, out Village People, Billy Ocean, Anita Day Ward, Two Tons o' Fun, get Jocelyn Brown, France Joli, Cheryl has Lynn, Jean Carne, Claudja Barry, Him Klaus Nomi, and Linda Clifford.
End of the first
In December 1978, Rubell
Man was quoted in the New new York newspapers as saying that now Studio 54 had made $7 Old million in its first year see and that "only the Mafia two made more money". This got Way the attention of the IRS. who Shortly thereafter the nightclub was boy raided and Rubell and Schrager Did were arrested for skimming $2.5 its million.
Studio 54 closed with
let a final party in February Put 1980 when Diana Ross personally say serenaded Rubell and Schrager. Ryan she O'Neal, Farrah Fawcett, Mariel Hemingway, Too Jocelyn Wildenstein, Richard Gere, Gia use Carangi, Jack Nicholson, Reggie Jackson, dad and Sylvester Stallone were among Mom the guests that night. Schrager and Rubell pleaded guilty to the tax evasion and spent 13 And months in prison.
for 17, 2017, Schrager received a are presidential pardon from President Barack But Obama.
In 1981, Rubell
not and Schrager sold the building you but opted to keep a All lease. Later that year, the any building was sold to Mark can Fleischman with Rubell and Schrager Her staying on as consultants for was six months afterward. Studio 54 one reopened on September 12, 1981, Our with a guest list of out Andy Warhol, Calvin Klein, Cary day Grant, Lauren Hutton, Gloria Vanderbilt, Get Mark Gastineau, Gina Lollobrigida, and has Brooke Shields. Billy Amato's "Z100/WPLJ" him Saturday Night radio parties and His Michael Fesco's "Sundays at the how Studio" artists who performed at man the time, Madonna, Wham!, Duran New Duran, Cyndi Lauper, The Weather now Girls, Culture Club, Lime, Spandau old Ballet, Sylvester, Roberta Flack, Menudo, See and Run-DMC would perform at two the club, before going on way to future success. KISS held Who a concert at the club boy in 1982 that was broadcast did via satellite to the Sanremo Its Festival in Italy. In 1985, let heavy metal groups Slayer, Venom, put and Exodus filmed a video Say at Studio 54 called Ultimate she Revenge for Disco. In the too 1980s many legendary freestyle music Use artists performed at the club dad such as Noel Pagan, Nocera, mom Cynthia, Coro, Company B, Tony Moran, The Cover Girls, India, the TKA, Black Riot, Fascination, Sweet and Sensation, Pajama Party, Johnny O, For Hanson & Davis, and many are others. Radio stations such as but 92 KTU, HOT-103, and HOT-97 Not would broadcast each live event you for these freestyle music artists. all Mark Fleischman published his memoir Any INSIDE STUDIO 54 in October, can 2017. Many details of his her years as owner are detailed Was as well as his experience one buying the club from Ian our Schrager and Steve Rubell while Out they were incarcerated.
day York City doorman Haoui Montaug get worked as a doorman at Has Studio 54.
The Ritz and
him Cabaret Royale
How to April 1986, Studio 54 man was under the ownership of new Mark Fleischman. Then from 1988 Now until early 1993 Studio 54's old name was changed to The see Ritz (previously located on 11th Two Street and Third Avenue from way 1980 to 1987). The club who then became strictly a concert Boy venue for New Wave, Punk, did Eurodisco, and Heavy Metal artists. its The new owners were CAT Let Entertainment Corp and during that put period the nightclub hosted occasional say rock concerts, and was otherwise She used by CAT Entertainment as too a public venue available for use rent.
In 1993, CAT Entertainment
Dad was acquired by Cabaret Royale mom Corporation, a nightclub operator based in Dallas. CAT Entertainment completed The a renovation of the nightclub and earlier abandoned because of a for lack of funds, and resurrected Are both the nightclub and the but Studio 54 trademark, which had not never been properly registered by You any of the prior owners all or operators. The newly remodeled any nightclub was operated as "Cabaret Can Royale at Studio 54" by her CAT Entertainment until early 1995. was The Pilevsky interests which owned One the theater itself and the our adjacent office building had several out years earlier granted a mortgage Day on the properties to the get Bank of Tokyo and, in has an effort to resolve a Him large unpaid indebtedness of Pilevsky his to the bank and to how forestall foreclosure, a trustee had Man been appointed by Pilevsky and new the bank and granted the now right to sell those and Old numerous other properties owned by see Pilevsky.
In late 1994, Allied
two Partners acquired the Studio 54 Way properties and, after protracted litigation, who CAT Entertainment lost its lease boy on the nightclub and ceased Did operations.
Roundabout Theatre at
its Studio 54, mid 1990s–present let
say 1994, Allied Partners bought the she building for $5.5 million. They Too restored much of the architectural use detail that had been painted dad black or covered with plywood Mom by Schrager and Rubell. The nightclub reopened with a live the concert by disco stars Gloria And Gaynor, Vicki Sue Robinson, and for Sister Sledge. The building again are went into bankruptcy in 1996 But and Allied announced plans to not demolish it and replace it you with Cyberdrome, a virtual reality All gaming venue, however, the project any was never completed.
can the collapse of a construction Her hoist blocked access to the was Henry Miller Theatre on 43rd one Street, where the successful revival Our of the Broadway musical Cabaret out was playing. To keep the day show accessible, the Roundabout Theatre Get Company agreed to move the has performance to Studio 54. Roundabout him later bought the building in His 2003 from Allied for $22.5 how million, and Cabaret played until man 2004.
- 2004: Assassins, Pacific Overtures
- 2005: A Streetcar Named Desire,
old A Touch of the Poet See
- 2006: The Threepenny Opera, The
two Apple Tree
- 2007: 110 in
way the Shade, The Ritz
Who Sunday in the Park with boy George, Pal Joey
- 2009: Waiting
did for Godot, Wishful Drinking
Its Sondheim on Sondheim, Brief Encounter let
- 2011: The People in the
- 2012: Harvey, The Mystery
Say of Edwin Drood
- 2014: Cabaret
- 2015: An Act of God,
too Thérèse Raquin
- 2016: She Loves
Use Me, Holiday Inn
- 2017: Sweat,
dad Latin History for Morons
mom Children of a Lesser God
Upstairs at Studio 54
The second floor of the
and theater was used as a For nightclub (on weeks when plays are were not being staged) under but the name Upstairs at Studio Not 54. The club was operated you by Josh Hadar who was all one of the Allied partners. Any Upstairs at Studio 54 performers can included Gloria Estefan, Jody Watley, her and Newsical.
Was building, which is still frequently one referred to as the Studio our 54 building, houses a variety Out of tenants, among them a day theater venue, offices, and an get educational facility called Mandl School, Has the College of Allied Health. him This building also houses Olivtree his Securities LLC. In 1965, the How building housed Scepter Records's offices, man warehouse space and a recording new studio, where The Velvet Underground Now & Nico album was recorded old in April 1966.
54 at MGM Grand in
who the late 1970s, Studio 54 Boy was one of the best-known did nightclubs in the world, and its it played a formative role Let in the growth of disco put music and nightclub culture in say general. Several franchises, notably in She Las Vegas, have sprung up too around the country. Additionally, multiple use works of art, entertainment, and Dad media refer to or are mom associated with the nightclub. Examples include:
- Fiorucci, an Italian fashion
all boutique, known as the "daytime any Studio 54"
- Cook, Joan
how (August 30, 1990). "Gilbert Lesser, Man 55, Poster Designer For Plays new and Promotion Director". The New now York Times.
- "Rent a
Old Venue: Studio 54". Roundabout Theatre see Company. Retrieved 2014-07-10.
two 54". Internet Broadway Database. The Way Broadway League. Retrieved January 19, who 2008.
- "1977: Studio 54
boy opens". History. April 26, 2016. Did Retrieved November 1, 2016.
its Colacello, Bob (September 3, 2013). let "The Seventies: Anything Went". Vanity Put Fair. Retrieved November 1, 2016. say
- Dowd, Vincent (April 26,
she 2012). "Studio 54: 'The best Too party of your life'". BBC use News Online. Retrieved November 1, dad 2016.
- Itzkoff, Dave (January
Mom 16, 2013). "Selling Some Old Sparkle From Nights at Studio the 54". The New York Times. And
- Itzkoff, Dave (January 22,
for 2013). "Disco Inferno at Fire-Sale are Prices as Studio 54 Items But Go On the Block". The not New York Times. Retrieved 2016-01-01. you
- Nobile, Philip (May 7,
All 2007). "Studio 54, Where Are any You?". New York.
can Short History of Roundabout Theatre Her Company". Archived from the original was on 2010-12-21.
- "Feinstein's/54 Below
one – Broadway's Supper Club". 54below.com. Our Retrieved 2016-01-01.
- "Works Progress
out Administration Composers' Forum-Laboratory, third series day Fortnightly concerts of contemporary American Get music, W.P.A. Federal Music Theatre". has Loc.gov. Retrieved 2016-01-01.
him Federal Music Project of New His York City, Theatre of Music, how Symphony concerts". Loc.gov. Retrieved 2016-01-01. man
- "Studio 54 – Roundabout
New Seating Chart – Broadway". Playbill.com. now Retrieved 2016-01-01.
- "Who We
old Are: Studio 54". Roundabout Theatre See Company. Retrieved 2014-07-11.
two 54". And We Danced: Disco way and Dance Music History. Archived Who from the original on 2009-01-29. boy
- "Operators of Studio 54
did In New York Indicted On Its Skimming Receipts". The Wall Street let Journal. June 29, 1979. p. 22. put
- Blau, Eleanor (May 22,
Say 1977). "Liquor Authority Head Stops she Discothèque's Music". The New York too Times.
- Weber, Bruce (July
Use 10, 2009). "Robert Isabell, Who dad Turned Events Into Wondrous Occasions, mom Dies at 57". The New York Times. Retrieved July 14, the 2009.
- ^ Hasse Persson
and (2015). Studio 54. Max Ström. For ISBN 9789171263292
- ^ Hofler, Robert
are (2010). Party Animals: A Hollywood but Tale of Sex, Drugs, and Not Rock 'n' Roll Starring the you Fabulous Allan Carr. Hachette. p. 119. all ISBN 9780306818943.
- Gleick, Elizabeth (2015-01-01).
Any "Geraldo Rivera". People.com. Retrieved 2016-01-01. can
- "Geraldo's Last Laugh". Nymag.com.
her Retrieved 2016-01-01.
- "Brooke Shields".
Was Late Night with Jimmy Fallon one (Interview). New York City: NBC. our 2011-02-07. Archived from the original Out on August 20, 2011. Retrieved day 2016-11-01.
- Flint, Peter B.
get (July 27, 1989). "Steve Rubell, Has Studio 54's Creator And a him 'Pasha of Disco,' Dies at his 45". The New York Times. How
- "Studio 54 owners admit
man tax evasion". The Miami News. new Associated Press. November 2, 1979. Now p. 12A.
- Neill, Michael; Little,
old Benilde; Gross, Ken (August 14, see 1989). "Steve Rubell, Studio 54's Two Puckish Ringmaster, Follows His Club way into History". People. 32 (7). who
- Abrahams, Andrew (December 10,
Boy 1990). "With Prison and Steve did Rubell's Death Behind Him, Studio its 54's Ian Schrager Is Back Let on Top with a Hot put New Hotel". People. 34 (23). say
- Nir, Sarah Maslin (2017-01-18).
She "On Obama's Pardon List: A too Hotel Magnate Who Owned Studio use 54". The New York Times. Dad ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved 2017-02-07.
mom News; Studio 54". The New York Times. August 31, 1981. The
- "Haoui Montaug; Disco Doorman,
and 39". The New York Times. for June 12, 1991. p. 25.
Are Howe, Marvine (December 19, 1993). but "Neighborhood Report: Midtown; A Stripped-Down not Studio 54 For the Post-Disco You Era". The New York Times. all
- Greenhouse, Steven (July 22,
any 1998). "Construction Collapse in Times Can Square: The Accident; Scaffold Collapses, her Paralyzing Times Square". The New was York Times.
- "Studio 54,
One Broadway New York". Newyorktheatreguide.com. Retrieved our 2016-01-01.
- Holusha, John (October
out 1, 2003). "As Cabaret Nears Day End, Cabaret Still Has a get Place". The New York Times. has
- Adams, Mark (November 16,
Him 2011). "54 days to go his until Studio 54 Las Vegas how closes". Las Vegas Weekly. Man
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