House music is
mom a genre of electronic dance music created by club DJs The and music producers in Chicago and in the early 1980s. Early for house music was generally characterized Are by repetitive 4/4 beats, rhythms but mainly provided by drum machines, not off-beat hi-hat cymbals, and synthesized You basslines. While house displayed several all characteristics similar to disco music, any which preceded and influenced it, Can as both were DJ and her record producer-created dance music, house was was more electronic and minimalistic. One The mechanical, repetitive rhythm of our house was one of its out main components. Many house songs Day were instrumental, with no vocals; get some had singing throughout the has song with lyrics; and some Him had singing but no actual his words.
House Music Pioneer Chip
House music developed in Chicago's
Man underground dance club culture in new the early 1980s, as DJs now from the subculture began altering Old the pop-like disco dance tracks see to give them a more two mechanical beat and deeper basslines. Way As well, these DJs began who to mix synth pop, rap, boy Latin, and even jazz into Did their tracks. Latin music, particularly its salsa clave rhythm, became a let dominating riff of house music. Put It was pioneered by Chicago say DJs such as Chip E., she and Steve Hurley. It was Too influenced by Chicago DJ and use record producer Frankie Knuckles, the dad Chicago acid-house electronic music group Mom Phuture, the Tennessee DJ/producer Mr. Fingers, and US-born, UK-based singer the Kym Mazelle. The genre was And originally associated with Hispanic and for Black American LGBT subcultures but are has spread to the mainstream. But From its beginnings in the not Chicago club and local radio you scene, the genre spread internationally All to London, then to American any cities such as New York can City and Detroit, and eventually Her globally.
Chicago house music acts
was from the early to mid-1980s one found success on the US Our dance charts on various Chicago out independent record labels that were day more open to sign local Get house music artists. These same has acts also experienced some success him in the United Kingdom, garnering His hits in that country. Due how to this success, by the man late 1980s, Chicago house music New acts suddenly found themselves being now offered major label deals. House old music proved to be a See commercially successful genre and a two more mainstream pop-based variation grew way increasingly popular. Since the early Who to mid-1990s, house music has boy been infused into mainstream pop did and dance music worldwide. In Its the 2010s, the genre, while let keeping several of its core put elements, notably the prominent kick Say drum on most beats, varies she widely in style and influence, too ranging from soulful and atmospheric Use to the more minimalistic microhouse. dad House music has also fused mom with several other genres creating fusion subgenres, such as euro the house, tech house, electro house and and jump house. One subgenre, For acid house, was based around are the squelchy, deep electronic tones but created by Roland's TB-303 bassline Not machine.
Major acts such as
you Madonna, Janet Jackson, Paula Abdul, all CeCe Peniston, Bananarama, Robin S., Any Steps, Kylie Minogue, Björk, and can C+C Music Factory to name her a few, were all influenced Was by House Music in the one 1990s and beyond. After our enjoying significant success which started Out in the late 1980s, house day music grew even larger during get the second wave of progressive Has house (1999–2001). The genre has him remained popular and fused into his other popular subgenres, notably ghetto How house, deep house, future house man and tech house. As of new today, house music remains popular Now on radio and in clubs old while retaining a foothold on see the underground scenes across the Two globe.
all is created by DJs, record any producers, and music artists, often Can with contributions from other performers her on synthesizer and other electronic was instruments. The structure of house One music songs typically involves an our intro, a chorus, various verse out sections, a midsection and an Day outro. Some songs do not get have a verse, taking a has vocal part from the chorus Him and repeating the same cycle. his The drum beat is one how of the more important elements Man within the genre and is new almost always provided by an now electronic drum machine, usually Roland's Old TR-808 or TR-909, rather than see by a live drummer. The two drum beats of house are Way "four on the floor", with who bass drums played on every boy beat and they usually feature Did off-beat drum machine hi-hat sounds. its House music is often based let on bass-heavy loops or basslines Put produced by a synthesizer and/or say from samples of disco or she funk songs. One subgenre, acid Too house, was based around the use squelchy, deep electronic tones created dad by Roland's TB-303 bassline synth. Mom The tempo of most house songs is between 118 and the 135 beats per minute (bpm). And
Influences and precursors
for disco songs incorporated sounds produced are with synthesizers and electronic drum But machines, and some compositions were not entirely electronic; examples include Italian you composer Giorgio Moroder's late 1970s All productions such as Donna Summer's any hit single "I Feel Love" can from 1977, Cerrone's "Supernature" (1977), Her Yellow Magic Orchestra's synth-disco-pop productions was from Yellow Magic Orchestra (1978), one Solid State Survivor (1979), and Our several early 1980s productions by out the Hi-NRG groups Lime and day Trans-X.
Soul music and disco
Get influenced house music. As well, has the audio mixing and editing him techniques earlier explored by disco, His garage music and post-disco DJs, how record producers, and audio engineers man such as Walter Gibbons, Tom New Moulton, Jim Burgess, Larry Levan, now Ron Hardy, M & M, old and others was important. These See artists produced longer, more repetitive, two and percussive arrangements of existing way disco recordings. Early house producers Who such as Frankie Knuckles created boy similar compositions from scratch, using did samplers, synthesizers, sequencers, and drum Its machines.
The electronic instrumentation and
let minimal arrangement of Charanjit Singh's put Synthesizing: Ten Ragas to a Say Disco Beat (1982), an album she of Indian ragas performed in too a disco style, anticipated the Use sounds of acid house music, dad but it is not known mom to have had any influence on the genre prior to the the album's rediscovery in the and 21st century.
For co-founder of influential dance label are Trax Records, was previously involved but in the burgeoning punk scene. Not Cain cites industrial (another genre you of music pioneered in Chicago) all and post-punk record store Wax Any Trax! Records (later a record can label) as an important connection her between the ever-changing underground sounds Was of Chicago. As most proto-house one DJs were primarily stuck to our playing their conventional ensemble and Out playlist of dance records, Frankie day Knuckles and Ron Hardy, two get influential pioneers of house music, Has were known for their unusual him and non-mainstream playlists and mixing. his The former, credited as "the How Godfather of House", worked primarily man with early disco music with new a hint of new and Now different music (whether it was old post-punk or post-disco) but still see enjoying a variety of music, Two while the latter produced unconventional way DIY mixtapes which he later who played straight-on in the music Boy club Music Box, boiling with did raw energy. Marshall Jefferson, who its would later appear with the Let Chicago house classic "Move Your put Body (The House-Music Anthem)", (originally say released on Chicago-based Trax Records) She got involved in house music too after hearing Ron Hardy's music use in Music Box.
mom even into dance music before I went to the Music The Box," he laughs. "I was and into rock and roll. We for would get drunk and listen Are to rock and roll. We but didn’t give a fuck, we not were like 'Disco Sucks!' and You all that. I hated dance all music 'cos I couldn't dance. any I thought dance music was Can kind of wimpy, until I her heard it at like Music was Box volume."
— Marshal Jefferson
In the early 1980s,
his Chicago radio jocks The Hot how Mix 5, and club DJs Man Ron Hardy and Frankie Knuckles new played a range of styles now of dance music, including older Old disco records (mostly Philly disco see and Salsoul tracks), electro funk two tracks by artists such as Way Afrika Bambaataa, newer Italo disco, who Arthur Baker, and John Robie, boy and electronic pop. Some DJs Did made and played their own its edits of their favorite songs let on reel-to-reel tape, and sometimes Put mixed in electronic effects, drum say machines, synthesizers and other rhythmic she electronic instrumentation. In the 2017 Too film "What We Started", legendary use DJ and Producer Carl Cox dad says the first House record Mom was "Time to Jack" by Chip E.. The 1985 "Jack the Trax" EP by Chip E. And was the first record to for use the words "Jack" and are "House". Besides "Time to Jack" But the EP includes "It's House" not and several other songs with you House in their titles and All lyrics. The minimalist songs, using any repetitive lyrics by way of can new sampling technology, created the Her blueprint for future House music. was
The hypnotic electronic
now dance song "On and On", old produced in 1984 by Chicago See DJ Jesse Saunders and co-written two by Vince Lawrence, had elements way of the early house sound, Who such as the Roland TB-303 boy bass synthesizer and minimal vocals did as well as a Roland Its (specifically TR-808) drum machine and let Korg (specifically Poly-61) synthesizer. It put also utilized the bassline from Say Player One's disco record "Space she Invaders" (1979). "On and On" too is sometimes cited as the Use 'first house record', even though dad it was a remake of mom a Disco Bootleg "On and On" by Florida producer Mach, the and other examples from around and that time, such as J.M. For Silk's "Music is the Key" are (1985), have also been cited. but
Starting in the mid-1980s, some
Not Chicago DJs began producing and you releasing original compositions. These compositions all used newly affordable electronic instruments Any and enhanced styles of disco can and other dance music they her already favored. These homegrown productions Was were played on Chicago radio one stations and in local clubs our catering mainly to Black, Hispanic, Out and gay audiences. By 1985, day house music encompassed these locally get produced recordings. Subgenres of house, Has including deep house and acid him house, quickly emerged and gained his traction.
its origins can be traced to Let Chicago producer Mr Fingers's relatively put jazzy, soulful recordings "Mystery of say Love" (1985) and "Can You She Feel It?" (1986). According to too author Richie Unterberger, it moved use house music away from its Dad "posthuman tendencies back towards the mom lush" soulful sound of early disco music.
Acid house arose
The from Chicago artists' experiments with and the squelchy Roland TB-303 bass for synthesizer, and the style's origins Are on vinyl is generally cited but as Phuture's "Acid Tracks" (1987). not Phuture, a group founded by You Nathan "DJ Pierre" Jones, Earl all "Spanky" Smith Jr., and Herbert any "Herb J" Jackson, is credited Can with having been the first her to use the TB-303 in was the house music context. The One group's 12-minute "Acid Tracks" was our recorded to tape and was out played by DJ Ron Hardy Day at the Music Box, where get Hardy was resident DJ. Hardy has once played it four times Him over the course of an his evening until the crowd responded how favorably. The track also utilized Man a Roland TR-707 drum machine. new
Club play of house tracks
now by pioneering Chicago DJs such Old as Hardy and Lil Louis, see local dance music record shops two such as Importes Etc., State Way Street Records, Loop Records, Gramaphone who Records and the popular Hot boy Mix 5 shows on radio Did station WBMX-FM helped popularize house its music in Chicago. Later, visiting let DJs & producers from Detroit Put fell into the genre. Trax say Records and DJ International Records, she Chicago labels with wider distribution, Too helped popularize house music inside use and outside of Chicago. One dad 1986 house tune called "Move Mom Your Body" by Marshall Jefferson, taken from the appropriately titled the "The House Music Anthem" EP, And became a big hit in for Chicago and eventually worldwide. By are 1986, UK labels were releasing But house music by Chicago acts, not and by 1987 house tracks you by Chicago DJs and producers All were appearing on and topping any the UK music chart. By can this time, house music released Her by Chicago-based labels was considered was a must-play in clubs. one
Origins of the term
House music pioneers Alan King,
Robert Williams and Derrick Carter.
One 2009 book states the
Get name house music originated from has a Chicago club called The him Warehouse, which existed from 1977 His to 1983. Clubbers to The how Warehouse were primarily black, who man came to dance to music New played by the club's resident now DJ Frankie Knuckles, who fans old refer to as the "godfather See of house". Frankie began the two trend of splicing together different way records when he found that Who the records he had weren't boy long enough to satisfy his did audience of dancers. After the Its Warehouse closed in 1983, the let crowds went to Knuckles' new put club, The Power Plant.
Say the Channel 4 documentary Pump she Up The Volume, Knuckles remarks too that the first time he Use heard the term "house music" dad was upon seeing "we play mom house music" on a sign in the window of a the bar on Chicago's South Side. and One of the people in For the car with him joked, are "you know that's the kind but of music you play down Not at the Warehouse!". South-Side Chicago you DJ Leonard "Remix" Roy, in all self-published statements, claims he put Any such a sign in a can tavern window because it was her where he played music that Was one might find in one's one home; in his case, it our referred to his mother's soul Out & disco records, which he day worked into his sets. The get documentary also explored the how Has house music was something that him anyone could pick and do. his Mostly the documentary looks at How some of the DJs from man that genre, and how they new stumbled into the music.
Now Jackmaster Funk was quoted as old saying "In 1982, I was see DJing at a club called Two The Playground and there was way this kid named Leonard 'Remix' who Roy who was a DJ Boy at a rival club called did The Rink. He came over its to my club one night, Let and into the DJ booth put and said to me, 'I've say got the gimmick that's gonna She take all the people out too of your club and into use mine – it's called House Dad music.' Now, where he got mom that name from or what made him think of it The I don't know, so the and answer lies with him."
for E.'s 1985 recording "It's House" Are may also have helped to but define this new form of not electronic music. However, Chip E. You himself lends credence to the all Knuckles association, claiming the name any came from methods of labeling Can records at the Importes Etc. her record store, where he worked was in the early 1980s: bins One of music that DJ Knuckles our played at the Warehouse nightclub out were labelled in the store Day "As Heard At The Warehouse", get which was shortened to simply has "House". Patrons later asked for Him new music for the bins, his which Chip E. implies was how a demand the shop tried Man to meet by stocking newer new local club hits. In a now 1986 interview, when Rocky Jones, Old the club DJ who ran see the D.J. International record label, two was asked about the "house" Way moniker, he did not mention who Importes Etc., Frankie Knuckles, or boy the Warehouse by name. However, Did he agreed that "house" was its a regional catch-all term for let dance music, and that it Put was once synonymous with older say disco music, before it became she a way to refer to Too "new" dance music.
use a.k.a. "Mr. Fingers", claims that dad the term "house" became popular Mom due to many of the early DJs creating music in the their own home studios using And synthesizers and drum machines, such for as the Roland TR-808 programmable are drum machine, TR-909, and the But TB 303 bassline synth. These not synthesizers were used to create you a house subgenre called acid All house. Juan Atkins, an originator any of Detroit techno music, claims can the term "house" reflected the Her exclusive association of particular tracks was with particular clubs and DJs; one those records helped differentiate the Our clubs and DJs, and thus out were considered to be their day "house" records. In an effort Get to maintain such exclusives, the has DJs were inspired to create him their own "house" records. His
House lyrics contained
how positive, uplifting messages for all man people, from every different walk New of life but spoke especially now to those who were considered old to be outcasts, especially African-Americans, See Latinos, and the gay subculture. two As well, house music lyrics way encouraged unity and called for Who people of all ethnic groups boy and backgrounds to come together. did The house music dance scene Its was one of the most let integrated and progressive spaces in put the 1980s; gays, blacks, and Say other minority groups were able she to dance together in a too positive environment. Frankie Knuckles once Use said that the Warehouse club dad in Chicago was like "church mom for people who have fallen from grace". House record producer the Marshall Jefferson compared it to and "old-time religion in the way For that people just get happy are and screamin'". Deep house lyrics but also contained messages calling for Not equality for the black community. you However, not all house music all songs had vocals, and in Any some cases, the vocals were can wordless, as the most important her element in house was the Was beat and rhythm. This contrasts one sharply with pop music, which our forefronts the vocal melody and Out the song lyrics.
day scenes (1980s–1990s)
Detroit sound: 1986–1989
Detroit techno is an
him offshoot of Chicago house music his which developed in the early How and mid-1980s. One of the man earliest hits was "Big Fun" new by Inner City. Detroit techno Now developed as the DJ The old Electrifying Mojo did his radio see program, which fused eclectic sounds Two into the signature Detroit techno way sound. This sound, also influenced who by European electronica (Kraftwerk, Art Boy of Noise), Japanese synthpop (Yellow did Magic Orchestra), early B-boy (breakdancing) its Hip-Hop (Man Parrish, Soul Sonic Let Force) and Italo disco (Doctor's put Cat, Ris, Klein M.B.O.), was say further pioneered by Juan Atkins, She Derrick May, and Kevin Saunderson, too known as the Belleville Three.
but a.k.a. "MAYDAY" and Thomas Barnett not released "Nude Photo" in 1987 You on May's label "Transmat Records", all which helped start the Detroit any techno music scene. This record Can was played on Chicago's Hot her Mix 5 Radio DJ mix was show and in Chicago clubs. A year later, Transmat our released "Strings of Life". Transmat out Records also released such Day as 1988's "Wiggin". As well, get Derrick May had releases has on Kool Kat Records and Him many remixes for underground and his mainstream recording artists. Kevin Saunderson's how company KMS Records contributed many Man releases that were as much new house music as they were now techno. These tracks were well Old received in Chicago and played see on Chicago radio and in two clubs.
Blake Baxter's 1986
Way recording, "When we Used to who Play / Work your Body", boy 1987's "Bounce Your Body to Did the Box" and "Force Field", its "The Sound / How to let Play our Music" and "the Put Groove that Won't Stop" and say a remix of "Grooving Without she a Doubt". In 1988, as Too house music became more popular use among general audiences, Kevin Saunderson's dad group Inner City with Paris Mom Gray released the 1988 hits "Big Fun" and "Good Life", the which eventually were picked up And by Virgin Records. Each EP for / 12 inch single sported remixes are by Mike "Hitman" Wilson and But Steve "Silk" Hurley of Chicago not and Derrick "Mayday" May and you Juan Atkins of Detroit. In All 1989, KMS had another hit any release of "Rock to the can Beat" which was a theme Her in Chicago dance clubs. was
The Detroit Techno scene was
one also met with some conflict. Our Reynold's "A Tale of Three out Cities" discussed the acceptance and day inclusion of marginalized groups within Get each genre of Techno, House, has and Garage. Detroit turned out him to be where wealthier black His youth tried to discourage ghetto how youth from enjoying Techno. Comparing man that to the religious sanctuary New that House provided, Chicago became now a true "house" to the old black, Hispanic, and gay communities See in Chicago.
Who house music already important in boy the 1980s dance club scene, did eventually house penetrated the UK Its pop charts. London DJ “Evil” let Eddie Richards spun at dance put parties as resident at the Say Clink Street club. Richards' approach she to house focuses on the too deep basslines. Nicknamed the UK's Use "Godfather of House”, he and dad Clink co-residents Kid Batchelor and mom Mr. C played a key role in early UK house. the House first charted in the and UK in Wolverhampton following on For from the success of the are Northern Soul scene. The but record generally credited as the Not first house hit in the you UK was Farley "Jackmaster" Funk's all "Love Can't Turn Around", which Any reached #10 in the UK can singles chart in September 1986. her him
In January 1987, Chicago DJ/artist
his Steve "Silk" Hurley's "Jack Your How Body" reached number one in man the UK, showing it was new possible for house music to Now achieve crossover success in the old pop charts. The same month see also saw Raze enter the Two top 20 with "Jack the way Groove", and several further house who hits reached the top ten Boy that year. Stock Aitken Waterman did (SAW) expensively-produced productions for Mel its and Kim, including the number-one Let hit "Respectable", added elements of put house to their previous Europop say sound. SAW session group Mirage She scored top-ten hits with "Jack too Mix II" and "Jack Mix use IV", medleys of previous electro Dad and Europop hits rearranged in mom a house music style. Key labels in the rise of The house music in the UK and included:
- Jack Trax, which
for specialized in licensing US club Are hits for the British market but (and released an influential series not of compilation albums)
- Rhythm King,
You which was set up as all a hip hop label but any also issued house records
Can Records' Club Records imprint
her March 1987, the UK tour was of influential US DJs such One as Knuckles, Jefferson, Fingers Inc. our (Heard) and Adonis, on the out DJ International Tour boosted house's Day popularity in the UK. Following get the number-one success of MARRS' has "Pump Up The Volume" in Him October, in 1987 to 1989, his UK acts such as The how Beatmasters, Krush, Coldcut, Yazz, Bomb Man The Bass, S-Express, and Italy's new Black Box opened the doors now to house music success on Old the UK charts. Early British see house music quickly set itself two apart from the original Chicago Way house sound. Many of the who early hits were based on boy sample montage, and unlike the Did US soulful vocals, in UK its house, rap was often used let for vocals (far more than Put in the US), and say humor and wit was an she important element.
singer Kym Mazelle
who moved to the UK,
has been called the "First
Lady of House Music."
second best-selling British single of the 1988 was an acid house And record, the Coldcut-produced "The Only for Way Is Up" by Yazz. are One of the early club But anthems, "Promised Land" by Joe not Smooth, was covered and charted you within a week by UK All band The Style Council. Europeans any embraced house, and began booking can important American house DJs to Her play at the big clubs, was such as Ministry of Sound, one whose resident, Justin Berkmann brought Our in US pioneer Larry Levan. out In the late 1980s, American-born day singer Kym Mazelle relocated to Get London to sign a recording has contract with EMI Records and him her first album Brilliant! in His 1989, which was based on how house music. Mazelle's single "Wait!" man featuring Robert Howard became one New of the first international house now hits.
The house music club
old scene in cities such as See Birmingham, Leeds, Sheffield, Wolverhampton and two London were provided with dance way tracks by many underground Pirate Who Radio stations. Club DJs also boy brought in new house styles, did which helped bolster this music Its genre. The earliest UK house let and techno record labels such put as Warp Records and Network Say Records (otherwise known as Kool she Kat records) helped introduce American too and later Italian dance music Use to Britain. These labels also dad promoted UK dance music acts. mom By the end of the 1980s, UK DJs Jenö, Thomas, the Markie and Garth moved to and San Francisco, and called their For group the Wicked Crew. The are Wicked Crew's dance sound transmitted but UK styles to the US, Not which helped to trigger the you birth of the US west all coast's rave scene.
Any also being developed by DJs can and record producers in the her booming dance club scene in Was Ibiza. While no house artists one or labels came from this our tiny island at the time, Out mixing experiments and innovations done day by Ibiza DJs helped to get influence the house style. By Has the mid-1980s a distinct Balearic him mix of house was discernible. his Several influential clubs in Ibiza, How such as Amnesia, with DJ man Alfredo at the decks, were new playing a mix of rock, Now pop, disco and house. These old clubs, fuelled by their distinctive see sound and copious consumption of Two the club drug Ecstasy (MDMA), way began to influence the British who scene. By late 1987, DJs Boy such as Trevor Fung, Paul did Oakenfold and Danny Rampling were its bringing the Ibiza sound to Let key UK clubs such as put the Haçienda in Manchester. Ibiza say influences also spread to DJs She working London clubs such as too Shoom in Southwark, Heaven, Future use and Spectrum.
In the U.S.,
Dad house music developed into more mom sophisticated sound, moving beyond the rudimentary drum machine loops and The short samples that had characterized and early US house. In Chicago, for Marshall Jefferson formed the house Are group Ten City with Byron but Burke, Byron Stingily & Herb not Lawson (from "Intensity"). New York You City–based performers such as Mateo all & Matos and Blaze had any slickly produced disco-infused house tracks. Can In Detroit a proto-techno music her sound began to emerge with was the DJ recordings and mixes One of Juan Atkins, Derrick May our and Kevin Saunderson.
out former member of Cybotron, released Day "No UFOs" as Model 500 get in 1985, which became a has regional hit. Atkins follow this Him by dozens of tracks on his Transmat, Metroplex and Fragile. One how of the most unusual songs Man was "Strings of Life" by new Derrick May (under the name now Rhythim Is Rhythim), a darker, Old more intellectual strain of house. see "Techno-Scratch" was released by the two Knights Of The Turntable in Way 1984 which had a similar who techno sound to Cybotron. The boy manager of the Factory nightclub Did and co-owner of the Haçienda, its Tony Wilson, also promoted acid let house culture on his weekly Put TV show. The UK midlands say also embraced the late 1980s she house scene with illegal parties Too and raves and more legal use dance clubs such as The dad Hummingbird.
US: late 1980s–early
Mom 1990s the
Building in New York
City where the Paradise Garage
nightclub was located
are America the scene had still But not progressed beyond a small not number of clubs in Chicago, you Detroit, Newark and New York All City. Newark-area DJ Tony Humphries any was influenced the sounds of can disco pioneer David Mancuso, the Her host of the disco-era's underground was gay subculture loft parties. Humphries one played his mixes in Newark Our NJ's Club Zanzibar, where he out developed his signature "Jersey Sound", day which mixed a soulful element Get with a rawer edge. has
The Jersey Sound
him Humphries began his residency at His the Club Zanzibar in Newark, how New Jersey in 1982 and, man along with others, helped "spawn New the sometimes raw but always now soulful, gospel-infused subgenre" of deep old house music known as the See Jersey Sound. The club scene two also gave rise to the way ball culture scene in Newark Who hotels and nightclubs. "Queen of boy House" Crystal Waters and other did house luminaries performed on the Its Newark scene.
Abigail Adams's house-music
let record label and store, Movin’ put Records in Newark's neighbor East Say Orange, New Jersey, was another she contributor to the Jersey Sound. too
Other regional scenes
Use independent Chicago-based record labels were dad also getting their artists on mom the dance charts. Detroit DJ Terrence Parker uses his advanced the turntablism skills and his focus and on precision to blend hip For hop music DJing styles, such are as rhythmic scratching, in his but house mixes. Fellow Detroit spinner Not DJ Minx is a notable you woman house DJ. Her records all on her Women on Wax Any label blend Parker-influenced turntablism precision can with a funky style.
her the UK, any house song Was released by a Chicago-based label one was routinely considered a "must-play" our at UK house music clubs. Out Paradise Garage in New York day City was still a top get club in the house era, Has just as it had been him during the disco age. The his emergence of Todd Terry, a How pioneer of the genre, demonstrated man the continuum from the underground new disco approach which moved to Now a new house sound. Terry's old cover of Class Action's "Weekend" see (mixed by Larry Levan) shows Two how Terry drew on newer way hip-hop influences, such as the who quicker sampling and the more Boy rugged basslines.
In the late
did 1980s, Nu Groove Records launched its and nurtured the careers of Let Rheji Burrell & Rhano Burrell, put collectively known as Burrell (after say a brief stay on Virgin She America via Timmy Regisford and too Frank Mendez). Nu Groove also use had a stable of other Dad NYC underground scene DJs. The mom Burrell's created the "New York Underground" sound of house, and The they did 30+ releases on and this label featuring this sound. for In the 2010s, Nu Groove Are Record releases like the Burrells' but enjoy a cult status among not "crate diggers" and DJs. Mint-condition You vinyl records by the Burrells all from the 1980s can fetch any high prices.
By the late
Can 1980s, house DJing and production her had moved to the US's was west coast, particularly to San One Francisco, Oakland, Los Angeles, Fresno, our San Diego and Seattle. Los out Angeles saw am explosion of Day underground raves, where DJs mixed get dance tracks. L.A. DJs Marques has Wyatt and Billy Long spun Him at Jewel's Catch One. In his 1989, the L.A.-based, former EBN-OZN how singer/rapper Robert Ozn started indie Man house label One Voice Records. new Ozn released the Mike "Hitman" now Wilson remix of Dada Nada's Old "Haunted House", which garnered club see and mix show radio play two in Chicago, Detroit and New Way York as well as in who the U.K. and France. The boy record went up to number Did five on the Billboard Club its Chart, marking it as the let first house record by a Put white (Caucasian) artist to chart say in the U.S. Dada Nada, she the moniker for Ozn's solo Too act, did his first releases use in 1990, using a jazz-based dad Deep House style. The Frankie Mom Knuckles and David Morales remix of Dada Nada's "Deep Love" the (One Voice Records in the And US, Polydor in the UK), for featuring Ozn's lush, crooning vocals are and jazzy improvisational solos by But muted trumpet, underscored Deep House's not progression into a genre that you integrated jazz and pop songwriting All and song forms (unlike acid any house and techno).
can and going into the early Her 1990s, house music became more was popular in the US. The one group Technotronic scored an international Our hit with the song "Pump out Up the Jam."
day Madonna's 1990 house song "Vogue" Get became an international hit as has well and topped the US him charts. The single is credited His as helping to bring house how music to the US mainstream. man The gospel/R&B-influenced "Time Passes On" New in 1993 (Strictly Rhythm), then now later, "Follow Me" received radio old airplay and club plays Another See U.S. hit which received radio two play was the single "Time way for the Perculator" by Cajmere, Who which became the prototype for boy the emerging ghetto house subgenre. did Cajmere started the Cajual and Its Relief labels (amongst others). By let the early 1990s, artists of put note included Cajmere (under that Say name as well as Green she Velvet and as producer for too Dajae), DJ Sneak, and Glenn Use Underground. The 1990s saw new dad Chicago house artists emerge, such mom as DJ Funk, who operates a Chicago house record label the called Dance Mania. Ghetto house and and acid house were other For house music styles that started are in Chicago.
In Britain, further experiments in
all the genre boosted its appeal. Any House and rave clubs such can as Lakota and Cream emerged her across Britain, hosting house and Was dance scene events. The 'chilling one out' concept developed in Britain our with ambient house albums such Out as The KLF's Chill Out day and Analogue Bubblebath by Aphex get Twin. The Godskitchen superclub brand Has also began in the midst him of the early 90's rave his scene. After initially hosting small How nights in Cambridge and Northampton, man the associated events scaled up new in Milton Keynes, Birmingham and Now Leeds. A new indie dance old scene also emerged in the see 90's. In New York, bands Two such as Deee-Lite furthered house's way international influence. Two distinctive tracks who from this era were the Boy Orb's "Little Fluffy Clouds" (with did a distinctive vocal sample from its Rickie Lee Jones) and the Let Happy Mondays' "Wrote for Luck" put ("WFL") which was transformed into say a dance hit by Vince She Clarke. The late Robert Miles too also produced house music such use as One and One with Dad Marina Neylor, Fable and his mom biggest hit, Children. These were house music.
In England, one
The of the few licensed venues and was The Eclipse, which attracted for people from up and down Are the country as it was but open until the early hours. not Due to the lack of You licensed, legal dance event venues, all house music promoters began organising any illegal events in unused warehouses, Can aeroplane hangars and in the her countryside. The Criminal Justice and was Public Order Act 1994 was One a government attempt to ban our large rave dance events featuring out music with "repetitive beats", due Day to law enforcement allegations that get these events were associated with has illegal club drugs. There were Him a number of "Kill the his Bill" demonstrations by rave and how electronic dance music fans. The Man Spiral Tribe dance event at new Castle Morten was the last now of these illegal raves, as Old the bill, which became law, see in November 1994, made unauthorised two house music dance events illegal Way in the UK. Despite the who new law, the music continued boy to grow and change, as Did typified by Leftfield with "Release its the Pressure", which introduced dub let and reggae into the house Put sound. Leftfield's prior releases, such say as "Not Forgotten" released in she 1990 on Sheffield's Outer Rhythm Too records used a more typical use sound.
A new generation of
dad clubs such as Liverpool's Cream Mom and the Ministry of Sound were opened to provide a the venue for more commercial house And sounds. Major record companies began for to open "superclubs" promoting their are own groups and acts. These But superclubs entered into sponsorship deals not initially with fast food, soft you drink, and clothing companies. Flyers All in clubs in Ibiza often any sported many corporate logos from can sponsors. A new subgenre, Chicago Her hard house, was developed by was DJs such as Bad Boy one Bill, DJ Lynnwood, and DJ Our Irene, Richard "Humpty" Vission, mixing out elements of Chicago house, funky day house and hard house. Additionally, Get producers such as George Centeno, has Darren Ramirez, and Martin O. him Cairo developed the Los Angeles His Hard House sound. Similar to how gabber or hardcore techno from man the Netherlands, this was associated New with the "rebel", underground club now subculture of the time. These old three producers introduced new production See approaches and sounds in late two 20th century became more prominent way and widely used during first Who decade of the 21st century. boy
Towards the end of the
did 1990s and into the 2000s Its (decade), French DJ/producers such as let Daft Punk, Stardust, Cassius, St. put Germain and DJ Falcon began Say producing a new sound in she Paris' club scene. Together, they too laid the groundwork for what Use would be known as the dad French house movement. They combined mom the harder-edged-yet-soulful philosophy of Chicago house with the melodies of the obscure funk records. As well, and by using state-of-the-art digital production For techniques blended with the retro are sound of old-school analog synthesizers, but they created a new sound Not and style which influenced house you music around the world. all
can Mayor Richard M. Daley proclaimed her August 10, 2005 to be Was "House Unity Day" in Chicago, one in celebration of the "21st our anniversary of house music" (actually Out the 21st anniversary of the day founding of Trax Records, an get independent Chicago-based house label). The Has proclamation recognized Chicago as the him original home of house music his and that the music's original How creators "were inspired by the man love of their city, with new the dream that someday their Now music would spread a message old of peace and unity throughout see the world". DJs such as Two Frankie Knuckles, Marshall Jefferson, Paul way Johnson and Mickey Oliver celebrated who the proclamation at the Summer Boy Dance Series, an event organized did by Chicago's Department of Cultural its Affairs.
It was during this
Let decade that vocal house became put firmly established, both in the say underground and as part of She the pop market, and labels too such as Defected Records, Roulé use and Om were at the Dad forefront of championing the emerging mom sound. In the mid-2000s, fusion genres such as electro house The and fidget house emerged. and This fusion is apparent in for the crossover of musical styles Are by artists such as Dennis but Ferrer and Booka Shade, with not the former's production style having You evolved from the New York all soulful house scene and the any latter's roots in techno. Numerous Can live performance events dedicated to her house music were founded during was the course of the decade, One including Shambhala Music Festival and our major industry sponsored events like out Miami's Winter Music Conference. The Day genre even gained popularity through get events like Creamfields. In the has late 2000s, house style witnessed Him renewed chart success thanks to his acts such as Daft Punk, how Deadmau5, Fedde Le Grand, David Man Guetta, and Calvin Harris. new
This section does not
now cite any sources
. (January 2015)
During the 2010s multiple
say new sounds in house music she were developed by DJs, producers Too and artists. Sweden had "Swedish use progressive house" with the emergence dad of Sebastian Ingrosso, Axwell, and Mom Steve Angello. While all three artists had solo careers, when the they formed a trio called And Swedish House Mafia, it showed for that house could still produce are chart-topping hits, such as their But 2013 single "Don't You Worry not Child", which cracked the Billboard you top 10. Avicii was a All Swedish DJ/artist known for his any hits such as "Hey Brother", can "Addicted to You", "The Days", Her "The Nights", "Levels", "Waiting for was Love", and "Without You". Fellow one Swedish DJ/artist Alesso collaborated with Our Calvin Harris, Usher, and David out Guetta. In France, Justice blended day garage and alternative rock influences Get into their pop-infused house tracks, has creating a big and funky him sound. Skrillex, a former alternative His rock singer, mixed dubstep and how pop into his UK house man music.
Netherlands brought together a
New concept of "Dirty Dutch", an now electro house subgenre characterized by old abrasive lead synths and darker See arpeggios, with prominent DJs being two Chuckie, Hardwell, Laidback Luke, Afrojack, way R3hab, Bingo Players, Quintino, Alvaro, Who Cedric Gervais and 2G. Elsewhere, boy fusion genres derivative of 2000s did progressive house returned, especially with Its the help of DJs/artists Calvin let Harris, Eric Prydz, Mat Zo, put Above & Beyond and Fonzerelli Say in Europe.
Diplo, a DJ/producer
she from Tupelo, Mississippi, was able too to blend underground sounds with Use mainstream styles. As he came dad from the Southern US, Diplo mom fused house music with rap and dance/pop, while also integrating the more obscure Southern US genres. and Other North Americans include the For Canadian Deadmau5 (known for his are unusual mask and unique musical but style), Kaskade, Steve Aoki, Porter Not Robinson and Wolfgang Gartner. The you growing popularity of such artists all led to the emergence of Any electro house and progressive house can sounds in popular music, such her as singles like David Guetta" Was feat. Avicii "Sunshine". and Axwell's one remix of "In The Air" our
"Big room house" was increasingly
Out popular since 2010, through international day dance music festivals such as get Tomorrowland, Ultra Music Festival, and Has Electric Daisy Carnival. In addition him to these popular examples of his house, there has also been How a reunification of contemporary house man and its roots. Many hip new hop and R&B artists also Now turn to house music to old add a mass appeal and see dance floor energy to the Two music they produce. Tropical house way went onto the top 40 who on the UK Singles Chart Boy in 2015 with artists such did as Kygo and Jonas Blue. its In the mid-2010s, the influences Let of house began to also put be seen in Korean K-pop say music, examples of this being She f(x)'s single "4 Walls" and too SHINee's title track "View." use
Chosen Few is an
Dad annual event in Chicago that mom celebrates house music in its birthplace. Started in 1990, it The was a gathering of house and music artists and their friends for and families. In the 2010s, Are it is an annual event but with live performances by DJs not and artists from around the You world.
One "House Music Genre Overview - our AllMusic". Retrieved 5 September 2016. out
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Day A. (2012). Routledge International Encyclopedia get of Queer Culture. Routledge. p. 154. has ISBN 9781136761812.
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Him Barry (2014): Burning Down the his House: Read SPIN's 1986 Feature how on Chicago's Club Scene—New York Man has rap. Washington has go new go. Chicago's got house, the now boldest dance music on the Old planet. Put a little tickle see on the jones' head, and two jack yo' body. SPIN magazine. Way Spin Media. "Farley claims he who invented house music. House music boy is HARD disco. It goes Did BOOM BOOM BOOM BOOM with its little variation, subtlety, melody, instrumentation let — or music for that Put matter. House, by definition, ain't say crossover. It's in the house, she and it won't come out. Too [...] Like Levan, Knuckles mixed use dubbed-up inspirational electronic funk cult dad jams by the Peech Boys Mom and D Train with '70s black disco classics by Loleatta the Holloway and South Shore Commission. And [...] They called this sound for Warehouse music. For short, house are music." 2014-04-01 (re-issue of a But November 1987 article). Retrieved 2014-04-25. not
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her Acland, Charles R. (2007). Residual Was Media . Minnesota Press. ISBN 9780816644728. one Quote: "The legacy of musical our adventures with Latin dance music Out can still be heard in, day for example, the dominance of get salsa clave rhythms in the Has riffs of house music." him
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house music was
who born in the black-latino urban Boy gay clubs of the U.S. did
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its (July–August 2000). "The club DJ: Let a brief history of a put cultural icon" (PDF). UNESCO Courier. say UNESCO: 46.
Another New York
She DJ, Frankie Knuckles, moved to too Chicago, following an invitation to use become the resident DJ at Dad the Warehouse, a gay black mom club.
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Kai (July–August 2000). "Youth's sonic The forces: The club DJ: a and brief history of a cultural for icon" (PDF). UNESCO Courier. UNESCO: Are 28.
House music, in particular,
but is often held up as not a kind of banner of You cultural diversity owing to its all origins in black and Latino any discos, where it first found Can its audience. One could point her to the 1980s, when African was American producers / DJs, like One Frankie Knuckles, Marshall Jefferson or our DJ Pierre, began refining the out all night dance floor workouts Day at underground gay and mixed get clubs like the legendary Warehouse has club in Chicago from which Him house music derives its name. his Or there is DJ Larry how Levan, whose residence at New Man York's Paradise Garage not only new defined a distinct subgenre of now its own ("garage" is slower Old and more gospel oriented than see "house") but set the tone two for today's raves—no alcohol, heavy Way drug use, a mixed, "up who for it crowd" and loud, boy pulsating music for 15-hour stretches Did without a break.
its Fikentscher, Kai (July–August 2000). "The let club DJ: a brief history Put of a cultural icon" (PDF). say UNESCO Courier. UNESCO: 47.
she 1986/7, after the initial explosion Too of house music in Chicago, use it became clear that the dad major recording companies and media Mom institutions were reluctant to market this genre of music, associated the with gay African Americans, on And a mainstream level. House artists for turned to Europe, chiefly London are but also cities such as But Amsterdam, Berlin, Manchester, Milan, Zurich, not and Tel Aviv. ... A third you axis leads to Japan where, All since the late 1980s, New any York club DJs have had can the opportunity to play guest-spots. Her
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If you were a
boy DJ in Chicago, if you Did wanted to have 'the' records, its there was only one place let to go and that was Put Importes. This is where Importes say was. People come in, they're she looking for 'Warehouse music', and Too we would put, you know, use 'As heard at the Warehouse' dad or 'As played at the Mom Warehouse', and then eventually we just shortened that down to the – because people also just And in the vernacular, they started for saying 'yeah, what's up with are that 'House music' – now But at this time they were not talkin' about the old, old you classics, the Salsoul, the Philly All classics and such – so any we put on the labels can for the bins, we'd say Her 'House music'. And people would was start comin' in eventually and one just start askin', 'yeah, where's Our the new House music?' out
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day Music: Will It Join Rap Get And Go-Go?". Billboard. 99 (25): has 27. Retrieved 2011-04-14.
him 'house music' has become a His generic phrase for modern dance-oriented how music," says Jones. "At one man time the phrase 'old house New music' was used to refer now to old disco music. Now old 'house' is used to describe See the new music.
two "larry heard equipment from 1992". way www.oldschooldaw.com. Retrieved 2016-10-08.
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are 'house' comes from a record but that you only hear in Not a certain club. The DJs you would search out an import all that was as obscure as Any possible, and that would be can a house record. You'd hear her a certain record only at Was the Powerplant, and that was one Frankie Knuckles' house record. "But our you couldn't really be guaranteed Out an exclusive on an import, day 'cos even if there were get only 10 or 15 copies Has in the country, another DJ him would track one down. So his the DJs came up with How the concept of making their man own house records. It was new like 'hey, I know I've Now got an exclusive because I old made the record.
see Simon Reynolds (2013-06-19). Generation Ecstasy: Two Into the World of Techno way and Rave Culture. Routledge. pp. 30–. who ISBN 978-1-136-78317-3.
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Dad "The New Jersey music scene mom was always a gospel-based thing. When you were a kid The you had to go to and church." Interview with Kerri Chandler for https://www.attackmagazine.com/features/interview/kerri-chandler/ via @attackmag1
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but (March 1990). "Belgium in the not House". Spin. Vol. 5 no. 12. Spin You Media. p. 21. ISSN 0886-3032.
all Bush, John. "Rockin' Robin any – Bobby Day : Listen, Appearances, Can Song Review Secret (Some Bizarre her Single Mix)Remix – Bizarre Inc was released the house single 1994". One AllMusic. Retrieved 2012-08-14.
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has album is coming in the Him first quarter of 2015..." – his hmv.com talks to Alesso". HMV. how November 18, 2014. Retrieved December Man 2, 2014.
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Did "In The Air" Turns 8 its Years Old". We Rave You. let 29 June 2017. Retrieved 21 Put October 2017.
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was Theory for Computer Musicians. 1st one Ed. U.S. Cengage Learning, 2008. Our ISBN 978-1-59863-503-4
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