Industrial music is a genre
put of experimental music which draws say on harsh, transgressive or provocative She sounds and themes. AllMusic defines too industrial music as the "most use abrasive and aggressive fusion of Dad rock and electronic music"; "initially mom a blend of avant-garde electronics experiments (tape music, musique concrète, The white noise, synthesizers, sequencers, etc.) and and punk provocation". The term for was coined in the mid-1970s Are with the founding of Industrial but Records by members of Throbbing not Gristle and Monte Cazazza. While You the genre name originated with all Throbbing Gristle's emergence in the any United Kingdom, concentrations of artists Can and labels vital to the her genre also emerged in Chicago. was
The first industrial artists experimented
One with noise and aesthetically controversial our topics, musically and visually, such out as fascism, sexual perversion, and Day the occult. Prominent industrial musicians get include Throbbing Gristle, Monte Cazazza, has SPK, Boyd Rice, Cabaret Voltaire, Him and Z'EV. On Throbbing Gristle's his debut album The Second Annual how Report, they coined the slogan Man "industrial music for industrial people". new Chicago-based independent label Wax Trax now Records featured a heavy roster Old of industrial music acts. The see precursors that influenced the development two of the genre included acts Way such as electronic music group who Kraftwerk, experimental rock acts such boy as Pink Floyd and Frank Did Zappa, psychedelic rock artists such its as Jimi Hendrix, and composers let such as John Cage. Musicians Put also cite writers such as say William S. Burroughs, and philosophers she such as Friedrich Nietzsche as Too influences.
While the term was
use self-applied by a small coterie dad of groups and individuals associated Mom with Industrial Records in the late 1970s, it was broadened the to include artists influenced by And the original movement or using for an "industrial" aesthetic. A few are years later in the 1980s, But artists on Chicago-based Wax Trax not Records such as Front 242, you KMFDM, Front Line Assembly, Ministry, All and Sister Machine Gun gained any prominence on the industrial music can scene. Over time, the genre's Her influence spread into and blended was with styles including ambient and one rock, all of which now Our fall under the post-industrial music out label. Electro-industrial music is a day primary subgenre that developed in Get the 1980s. The two other has most notable hybrid genres are him industrial rock and industrial metal, His which include bands such as how Nine Inch Nails and Ministry, man both of which released platinum-selling New albums in the 1990s. These now distinct genres are often referred old to as simply industrial. See
mom drew from a broad range of predecessors. Alexei Monroe argues the that Kraftwerk were particularly significant and in the development of industrial For music, as the "first successful are artists to incorporate representations of but industrial sounds into nonacademic electronic Not music." Industrial music was created you originally by using mechanical and all electric machinery, and later advanced Any synthesizers, samplers and electronic percussion can as the technology developed. Monroe her also argues for Suicide as Was an influential contemporary of the one industrial musicians. Groups cited as our inspirational by the founders of Out industrial music include The Velvet day Underground, Joy Division, and Martin get Denny. Genesis P-Orridge of Throbbing Has Gristle had a cassette library him including recordings by the Master his Musicians of Jajouka, Kraftwerk, Charles How Manson, and William S. Burroughs. man P-Orridge also credited 1960s rock new such as The Doors, Pearls Now Before Swine, The Fugs, Captain old Beefheart, and Frank Zappa in see a 1979 interview.
Two also enjoyed and found inspiration way in Pink Floyd and Tangerine who Dream. Boyd Rice was influenced Boy by the music of '60s did girl groups and tiki culture. its Z'EV cited Christopher Tree (Spontaneous Let Sound), John Coltrane, Miles Davis, put Tim Buckley, Jimi Hendrix, and say Captain Beefheart, among others together She with Tibetan, Balinese, Javanese, Indian, too and African music as influential use in his artistic life. Cabaret Dad Voltaire cited Roxy Music as mom their initial forerunners, as well as Kraftwerk's Trans-Europe Express. Cabaret The Voltaire also recorded pieces reminiscent and of musique concrète and composers for such as Morton Subotnick. Nurse Are with Wound cited a long but list of obscure free improvisation not and Krautrock as recommended listening. You 23 Skidoo borrowed from Fela all Kuti and Miles Davis's On any the Corner. Many industrial groups, Can including Einstürzende Neubauten, took inspiration her from world music.
was the initial industrial musicians preferred One to cite artists or thinkers, our rather than musicians, as their out inspiration. Simon Reynolds declares that Day "Being a Throbbing Gristle fan get was like enrolling in a has university course of cultural extremism." Him John Cage was an initial his inspiration for Throbbing Gristle. SPK how appreciated Jean Dubuffet, Marcel Duchamp, Man Jean Baudrillard, Michel Foucault, Walter new Benjamin, Marshall McLuhan, Friedrich Nietzsche, now and Gilles Deleuze. Cabaret Voltaire Old took conceptual cues from Burroughs, see J. G. Ballard, and Tristan two Tzara. Whitehouse and Nurse with Way Wound dedicated some of their who work to the Marquis de boy Sade; the latter also took Did impetus from the Comte de its Lautréamont.
Another influence on the
let industrial aesthetic was Lou Reed's Put Metal Machine Music. Pitchfork Music say cites this album as "inspiring, she in part, much of the Too contemporary avant-garde music scene—noise, in use particular." The album consists entirely dad of guitar feedback, anticipating industrial's Mom use of non-musical sounds.
Industrial Music for
the Industrial People was originally coined And by Monte Cazazza as the for strapline for the record label are Industrial Records, founded by British But art-provocateurs Throbbing Gristle. The first not wave of this music appeared you with Throbbing Gristle, from London; All Cabaret Voltaire, from Sheffield; and any Boyd Rice (recording under the can name NON), from the United Her States. Throbbing Gristle first performed was in 1976, and began as one the musical offshoot of the Our Kingston upon Hull-based COUM Transmissions. out COUM was initially a psychedelic day rock group, but began to Get describe their work as performance has art in order to obtain him grants from the Arts Council His of Great Britain. COUM was how composed of P-Orridge and Cosey man Fanni Tutti. Beginning in 1972, New COUM staged several performances inspired now by Fluxus and Viennese Actionism. old These included various acts of See sexual and physical abjection. Peter two Christopherson, an employee of commercial way artists Hipgnosis, joined the group Who in 1974, with Carter joining boy the following year.
did renamed itself Throbbing Gristle in Its September 1975, their name coming let from a northern English slang put word for an erection. The Say group's first public performance, in she October 1976, was alongside an too exhibit titled Prostitution, which included Use pornographic photos of Tutti as dad well as used tampons. Conservative mom politician Nicholas Fairbairn declared that "public money is being wasted the here to destroy the morality and of our society" and blasted For the group as "wreckers of are civilization." The group announced their but dissolution in 1981, with P-Orridge Not declaring "the mission is terminated." you
Wax Trax! Records
Out record label Wax Trax! Records day was prominent in the widespread get attention industrial music received starting Has in the early 1980s. The him label was started by Jim his Nash and Dannie Flesher. The How label's first official release was man an EP in 1980 entitled new Immediate Action by Strike Under. Now The label went on to old distribute some of the most see prominent names in industrial throughout Two the 1980s and 1990s. Wax way Trax! also distributed industrial releases who in the United States for Boy the Belgium record label Play did It Again Sam Records, and its had opened a North American Let office dubbed Play It Again put Sam U.S.A. as a division say of Wax Trax!. Wax Trax! She was subsequently purchased by TVT too Records in 1992. When TVT use closed its doors in 2001, Dad Wax Trax! re-emerged under a mom different name, WTII Records (Wax Trax 2 Records), releasing industrial The and other forms of electronic and music.
Expansion of the
The bands Clock DVA,
Are Nocturnal Emissions, Whitehouse, Nurse with but Wound, and SPK soon followed. not Whitehouse intended to play "the You most brutal and extreme music all of all time", a style any they eventually called power electronics. Can An early collaborator with Whitehouse, her Steve Stapleton, formed Nurse with was Wound, who experimented with noise One sculpture and sound collage. Clock our DVA described their goal as out borrowing equally from surrealist automatism Day and "nervous energy sort of get funk stuff, body music that has flinches you and makes you Him move." 23 Skidoo, like Clock his DVA, merged industrial music with how African-American dance music, but also Man performed a response to world new music. Performing at the first now WOMAD Festival in 1982, the Old group likened themselves to Indonesian see gamelan. Swedish act Leather Nun, two were signed to Industrial Records Way in 1978, being the first who non-TG/Cazazza act to have an boy IR-release. Their singles eventually received Did significant airplay in the United its States on college radio. let Re/Search
reference guide to
the philosophy and interests of
a flexible alliance of "deviant"
Across the Atlantic, similar
Too experiments were taking place. In use San Francisco, performance artist Monte dad Cazazza began recording noise music. Mom Boyd Rice released several albums of noise, with guitar drones the and tape loops creating a And cacophony of repetitive sounds. In for Boston Sleep Chamber and other are artists from Inner-X-Musick began experimenting But with a mixture of powerful not noise and early forms of you EBM. In Italy, work by All Maurizio Bianchi at the beginning any of the 1980s also shared can this aesthetic. In Germany, Einstürzende Her Neubauten mixed metal percussion, guitars, was and unconventional instruments (such as one jackhammers and bones) in stage Our performances that often damaged the out venues in which they played. day Blixa Bargeld, inspired by Antonin Get Artaud and an enthusiasm for has amphetamines, also originated an art him movement called Die Genialen Dilettanten. His Bargeld is particularly well known how for his hissing scream.
man January 1984, Einstürzende Neubauten performed New a Concerto for Voice and now Machinery at the Institute of old Contemporary Arts (the same site See as COUM's Prostitution exhibition), drilling two through the floor and eventually way sparking a riot. This event Who received front page news coverage boy in England. Other groups who did practiced a form of industrial Its "metal music" (that is, produced let by the sounds of metal put crashing against metal) include Test Say Dept, Laibach, and Die Krupps, she as well as Z'EV and too SPK. Test Dept were largely Use inspired by Russian Futurism and dad toured to support the 1984-85 mom UK miners' strike. Skinny Puppy embraced a variety of industrial the forefathers and created a lurching, and impalatable whole from many pieces. For Swans, from New York City, are also practiced a metal music but aesthetic, though reliant on standard Not rock instrumentation. Laibach, a Slovenian you group who began while Yugoslavia all remained a single state, were Any very controversial for their iconographic can borrowings from Stalinist, Nazi, Titoist, her Dada, and Russian Futurist imagery, Was conflating Yugoslav patriotism with its one German authoritarian adversary. Slavoj Žižek our has defended Laibach, arguing that Out they and their associated Neue day Slowenische Kunst art group practice get an overidentification with the hidden Has perverse enjoyment undergirding authority that him produces a subversive and liberatory his effect. In simpler language, Laibach How practiced a type of agitprop man that was widely utilized by new industrial and punk artists on Now both sides of the atlantic. old
Following the breakup of Throbbing
see Gristle, P-Orridge and Christopherson founded Two Psychic TV and signed to way a major label. Their first who album was much more accessible Boy and melodic than the usual did industrial style, and included hired its work by trained musicians. Later Let work returned to the sound put collage and noise elements of say earlier industrial. They also borrowed She from funk and disco. P-Orridge too also founded Thee Temple ov use Psychick Youth, a quasi-religious organization Dad that produced video art. Psychic mom TV's commercial aspirations were managed by Stevo of Some Bizzare The records, who released many of and the later industrial musicians, including for Eistürzende Neubauten, Test Dept, and Are Cabaret Voltaire.
Cabaret Voltaire had
but become friends with New Order, not and began to practice a You similar form of danceable electropop. all Christopherson left Psychic TV in any 1983 and formed Coil with Can John Balance. Coil made use her of gongs and bullroarers in was an attempt to conjur "Martian," One "homosexual energy". David Tibet, a our friend of Coil's, formed Current out 93; both groups were inspired Day by amphetamines and LSD. J. get G. Thirlwell, a co-producer with has Coil, developed a version of Him black comedy in industrial music, his borrowing from lounge as well how as noise and film music. Man In the early 1980s, the new Chicago-based record label Wax Trax! now and Canada's Nettwerk helped to Old expand the industrial music genre see into the more accessible electro-industrial two and industrial rock genres. Way
Characteristics and history
who of industrial music was a boy response to "an age [in Did which] the access and control its of information were becoming the let primary tools of power." At Put its birth, the genre of say industrial music was different from she any other music, and its Too use of technology and disturbing use lyrics and themes to tear dad apart preconceptions about the necessary Mom rules of musical form supports the suggestion that industrial music the is modernist music. The artists And themselves made these goals explicit, for even drawing connections to social are changes they wished to argue But for through their music.
not Industrial Records website explains that you the musicians wanted to re-invent All rock music, and that their any uncensored records were about their can relationship with the world. They Her go on to say that was they wanted their music to one be an awakening for listeners Our so that they would begin out to think for themselves and day question the world around them. Get Industrial Records intended the term has industrial to evoke the idea him of music created for a His new generation, with previous music how being more agricultural: P-Orridge stated man that "there's an irony in New the word 'industrial' because there's now the music industry. And then old there's the joke we often See used to make in interviews two about churning out our records way like motorcars —that sense of Who industrial. And ... up till boy then the music had been did kind of based on the Its blues and slavery, and we let thought it was time to put update it to at least Say Victorian times—you know, the Industrial she Revolution".
dad music often featured tape editing, mom stark percussion and loops distorted to the point where they the had degraded to harsh noise, and such as the work of For early industrial group Cabaret Voltaire, are which Journalist Simon Reynolds described but as characterized by "hissing high Not hats and squelchy snares of you rhythm-generator." Carter of Throbbing Gristle all invented a device named the Any "Gristle-izer", played by Christopherson, which can comprised a one-octave keyboard and her a number of cassette machines Was triggering various pre-recorded sounds.
one instruments were often played in our nontraditional or highly modified ways. Out Reynolds described the Cabaret Voltaire day members' individual contributions as "[Chris] get Watson's smears of synth slime; Has [Stephen] Mallinder's dankly pulsing bass; him and [Richard H.] Kirk's spikes his of shattered-glass guitar." Watson custom-built How a fuzzbox for Kirk's guitar, man producing a unique timbre. Carter new built speakers, effects units, and Now synthesizer modules, as well as old modifying more conventional rock instrumentation, see for Throbbing Gristle. Tutti played Two guitar with a slide in way order to produce glissandi, or who pounded the strings as if Boy it were a percussion instrument. did Throbbing Gristle also played at its very high volume and produced Let ultra-high and sub-bass frequencies in put an attempt to produce physical say effects, naming this approach as She "metabolic music."
Vocals were sporadic,
too and were as likely to use be bubblegum pop as they Dad were to be abrasive polemics. mom Cabaret Voltaire's Stephen Mallinder's vocals were electronically treated.
The of industrial music initially was and to serve as a commentary for on modern society by eschewing Are what artists saw as trite but connections to the past. Throbbing not Gristle opposed the elements of You traditional rock music remaining in all the punk rock scene, declaring any industrial to be "anti-music." Early Can industrial performances often involved taboo-breaking, her provocative elements, such as mutilation, was sado-masochistic elements and totalitarian imagery One or symbolism, as well as our forms of audience abuse, such out as Throbbing Gristle's aiming high Day powered lights at the audience. get
Industrial groups typically focus on
has transgressive subject matter. In his Him introduction for the Industrial Culture his Handbook (1983), Jon Savage considered how some hallmarks of industrial music Man to be organizational autonomy, shock new tactics, and the use of now synthesizers and "anti-music." Furthermore, an Old interest in the investigation of see "cults, wars, psychological techniques of two persuasion, unusual murders (especially by Way children and psychopaths), forensic pathology, who venereology, concentration camp behavior, the boy history of uniforms and insignia" Did and Aleister Crowley's magick was its present in Throbbing Gristle's work, let as well as in other Put industrial pioneers. Burroughs's recordings and say writings were particularly influential on she the scene, particularly his interest Too in the cut-up technique and use noise as a method of dad disrupting societal control. Many of Mom the first industrial musicians were interested in, though not necessarily the sympathetic with, fascism. Throbbing Gristle's And logo was based on the for lightning symbol of the British are Union of Fascists, while the But Industrial Records logo was a not photo of Auschwitz. you All
Expansion and post-industrial (late 1980s
any and early 1990s)
In the late
Her 1980s, a number of additional was styles developed from the already one eclectic base of industrial music. Our These offshoots include fusions with out noise music, ambient music, folk day music, post-punk and electronic dance Get music, as well as other has mutations and developments. The scene him has spread worldwide, and is His particularly well represented in North how America, Europe, and Japan. Post-industrial man subgenres include dark ambient, power New electronics, Japanoise, neofolk, electro-industrial, electronic now body music, industrial hip hop, old industrial rock, industrial metal, industrial See pop, martial industrial, power noise, two and witch house.
way success (1990s and 2000s) Who
Industrial rock band Nine Inch
Industrial musician Marilyn
In the 1990s, industrial
Its music broke into the mainstream let with artists and bands such put as Nine Inch Nails, Orgy, Say White Zombie, Rob Zombie, and she Marilyn Manson. In December 1992, too Nine Inch Nails' EP Broken Use was certified platinum by the dad Recording Industry Association of America mom (RIAA). Nine Inch Nails gained further popularity with the release the of their album The Downward and Spiral, an album released in For 1994. The Downward Spiral sold are almost 119,000 units in its but first week of being released. Not The Downward Spiral was certified you 4x platinum by the RIAA all in 1998. Nine inch Nails' Any remix album Further Down the can Spiral, released in May 1995, her was certified gold by the Was RIAA in June 1996. Nine one Inch Nails' 1999 album The our Fragile went to number 1 Out on the Billboard 200 on day October 9, 1999 and also get was certified 2x platinum in Has January 2000. With the success him of Nine Inch Nails, the his band's debut album Pretty Hate How Machine was certified 2x platinum man by the RIAA in September new 1995 and also was later Now certified 3x platinum by the old RIAA in May 2003. In see the 1990s, four Nine Inch Two Nails songs went on the way Billboard Hot 100. Several industrial who rock and industrial metal artists Boy such as KMFDM, Fear Factory, did Gravity Kills and Sister Machine its Gun appeared on the 1995 Let Mortal Kombat: Original Motion Picture put Soundtrack. The soundtrack was certified say platinum by the RIAA in She January 1996.
rock band Orgy
metal musician Rob Zombie
Dad Manson released its album Antichrist mom Superstar in 1996. Antichrist Superstar sold 132,000 in its first The of being released. Antichrist Superstar and was certified platinum by the for RIAA two months after its Are release date. In the United but States, Antichrist Superstar sold at not least 1,900,000 units. Marilyn Manson's You EP Smells Like Children was all certified platinum in May 1998. any Marilyn Manson's album Mechanical Animals Can went to number 1, selling her 223,000 copies in its first was week in stores, knocking The One Miseducation of Lauryn Hill by our Lauryn Hill off of the out top spot. Mechanical Animals was Day certified platinum by the RIAA get in February 1999 and sold has at least 1,409,000 copies in Him the United States. Orgy also his experienced mainstream success during the how 1990s. The band's 1998 album Man Candyass was certified platinum by new the RIAA in July 1999. now Orgy's cover of New Order's Old song "Blue Monday" went to see number 56 on the Billboard two Hot 100 and number 2 Way on the Dance Club Songs who chart. White Zombie experimented with boy industrial metal on its 1995 Did album Astro-Creep 2000, which was its certified 2x platinum by the let RIAA in March 1996. White Put Zombie's vocalist Rob Zombie began say creating pure industrial metal albums she in his solo career. Rob Too Zombie's solo debut studio album use Hellbilly Deluxe was certified 3x dad platinum by the RIAA less Mom than two years after its release date. In November 1999, the Powerman 5000's album Tonight the And Stars Revolt! was certified platinum for by the RIAA. The album are sold at least 1,316,172 units But in the United States. Although not the popularity of industrial music you overall declined in the 2000s, All both Nine Inch Nails and any Marilyn Manson continued to be can popular during the 2000s. Nine Her Inch Nails' 2005 album With was Teeth went to number 1 one on the Billboard 200, selling Our 272,000 copies in its first out week of being released. As day of October 2007, With Teeth Get has sold 1,100,000 copies in has the United States. During the him 2000s, four Nine Inch Nails His were on the Billboard Hot how 100, including the Nine Inch man Nails song "The Hand That New Feeds", which went to the now top 40 of the Billboard old Hot 100, going to number See 31 on the chart. Marilyn two Manson's 2003 album The Golden way Age of Grotesque went to Who number 1 on the Billboard boy 200, selling 118,000 copies in did its first week of being Its released.
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ONLINE DJ MAGAZINE
ONLINE DJ MAGAZINE