UK garage (also known as
his UKG) is a genre of How electronic music originating from England man in the early 1990s. The new genre usually features a distinctive Now 4/4 percussive rhythm with syncopated old (shuffling) hi-hats, cymbals and snares, see and in some styles, beat-skipping Two kick drums. Garage tracks also way commonly feature 'chopped up' and who time-shifted or pitch-shifted vocal samples Boy complementing the underlying rhythmic structure did at a tempo usually around its 130 BPM. UK garage was Let largely subsumed into other styles put of music and production in say the mid-2000s, including 2-step, dubstep, She bassline and grime. The decline too of UK garage during the use mid-2000s saw the birth of Dad UK funky, which is closely mom related.
get of house music in the has United Kingdom in the mid-1990s Him led to the term, as his previously coined by the Paradise how Garage DJs, being applied to Man a new form of music new also known speed garage. Its now originator is widely recognised to Old be Todd Edwards, the American see house and garage producer, also two known as Todd "The God" Way Edwards . In the early who nineties, Edwards began to start boy remixing more soulful house records Did and incorporating more time-shifts and its vocal samples than normal house let records, whilst still living in Put the US. However, it was say not until DJ EZ, the she North London DJ, acquired one Too of Edwards' tracks and played use it at a faster tempo dad in a nightclub in Greenwich, Mom that the music genre really took off.
In the late
the nineties, the term "UK garage" And was settled upon by the for scene. This style is now are frequently combined with other forms But of music like soul, rap, not reggae, ragga and R&B, all you broadly filed under the description All of urban music. The pronunciation any of UK garage uses UK: can GARR-ij, rather than US: Her gə-rahzh.
Artists such as
was Craig David, Grant Nelson, M.J. one Cole, Artful Dodger, Jaimeson, So Our Solid Crew, Heartless Crew, The out Streets, Shanks & Bigfoot, DJ day Luck & MC Neat, Sunship Get (Ceri Evans), Oxide and Neutrino has and numerous others have made him garage music mainstream in the His UK, whilst Dizzee Rascal, Wiley how and Kano's arrival raised the man profile of grime, an offshoot New of garage.
Cole once stated,
now "London is a multicultural city... old it's like a melting pot See of young people, and that's two reflected in the music of way UK garage".
Notable female singers
Who who have had the genre boy incorporated into their songs include did Lisa Maffia, Ms. Dynamite, Kele Its Le Roc, Shola Ama, Sweet let Female Attitude and Mis-Teeq.
'Garage' is considered a mangled
Say term in dance music. The she term derives from the Paradise too Garage itself, but it has Use meant so many different things dad to so many different people mom that unless you're talking about a specific time and place, the it is virtually meaningless. Part and of the reason for this For confusion (aside from various journalistic are misunderstandings and industry misappropriations) is but that the range of music Not played at the garage was you so broad. The music we all now call 'garage' has evolved Any from only a small part can of the club's wildly eclectic her soundtrack.
—Frank Broughton/Bill Brewster in
Was Last Night a DJ Saved one My Life
our with jungle
In the United
Out Kingdom, where jungle was very day popular at the time, garage get was played in a second Has room at jungle events. After him jungle's peak in cultural significance, his it had turned towards a How harsher, more techstep influenced sound, man driving away dancers, predominantly women. new Escaping the 170bpm jungle basslines, Now the garage rooms had a old much more sensual and soulful see sound at 130bpm.
Two to speed up garage tracks way to make them more suitable who for the jungle audience in Boy the UK. The media started did to call this tempo-altered type its of garage music "speed garage", Let 4x4 and 2-step's predecessor. DJs put would usually play dub versions say (arrangements without vocals) of garage She tracks, because pitch-shifting vocals could too sometimes render the music unrecognizable use (although sped up and time-stretched Dad vocals were an important part mom of the early jungle sound, and later played a key The role in speed garage). The and absence of vocals left space for in the music for MCs, Are who started rhyming to the but records.
Role of MCs
not then, MCs have become one You of the vital aspects of all speed and UK garage parties any and records. Early promoters of Can speed garage included the Dreem her Teem and Tuff Jam, and was pirate radio stations such as One London Underground, Ice FM, Magic our FM, Mac FM, Upfront FM, out and Freek FM. During its Day initial phase, the speed garage get scene was also known as has "the Sunday Scene", as initially Him speed garage promoters could only his hire venues on Sunday evenings how (venue owners preferred to save Man Friday and Saturday nights for new more popular musical styles). Labels now whose outputs would become synonymous Old with the emerging speed garage see sound included Confetti, Public Demand, two 500 Rekords, Spread Love and Way VIP.
who already incorporated many aspects of boy today's UK garage sound like Did sub-bass lines, ragga vocals, spin its backs and reversed drums. What let changed over time, until the Put so-called 2-step sound emerged, was say the addition of further funky she elements like contemporary R&B styled Too vocals, more shuffled beats and use a different drum pattern. The dad most radical change from speed Mom garage to 2-step was the removal of the 2nd and the 4th bass kick from each And bar. Although tracks with only for two kick drum beats to are a bar are perceived as But being slower than the traditional not four-to-the-floor beat, the listener's interest you is maintained by the introduction All of syncopating bass lines and any the percussive use of other can instruments such as pads and Her strings.
Speed garage tracks were
was characterised by a sped-up house-style one beat, complemented by the rolling Our snares and reverse-warped basslines that out were popular with drum and day bass producers of the time. Get
Among those credited with honing
has the speed garage sound, Todd him Edwards is often cited as His a seminal influence on the how UK garage sound. The producer man from New Jersey introduced a New new way of working with now vocals. Instead of having full old verses and choruses, he picked See out vocal phrases and played two them like an instrument, using way sampling technology. Often, individual syllables Who were reversed or pitch-shifted. This boy type of vocal treatment is did still a key characteristic of Its the UK garage style. The let UK's counterpart to Todd Edwards put was MJ Cole, a classically Say trained oboe and piano player, she who had a string of too chart and underground hits in Use the late 1990s and early dad 2000s, most notably with "Sincere" mom and "Crazy Love". MJ Cole has also won a BBC the "Young Musician of the Year" and award. Speed garage duo 187 For Lockdown scored a couple of are chart hits in 1998 with but "Gunman" (#16) and "Kung-Fu" (#9). Not
Arguably one of
you the earliest examples of a all 2-step track is the 1997 Any hit "Never Gonna Let You can Go" by Tina Moore, which her peaked at #7 on the Was UK chart. Lovestation released their one version of "Teardrops" which reached our #14 in 1998. Doolally, the Out former name of Shanks & day Bigfoot, scored a #20 hit get in 1998 with "Straight from Has the Heart". A re-release of him this song the following year his fared even better, peaking at How #9, due to the success man of their #1 single "Sweet new Like Chocolate". Jess Jackson was Now responsible for many garage records old but one which stood out see was "Hobson's Choice". The B-side Two of this record changed the way UK garage scene from funky who and soulful to dark and Boy bassy. Another example of the did evolution in 2-step was the its release of "Troublesome" in 1999 Let by Shy Cookie and DJ put Luck, in which non-sampled 2-step say beats were merged with a She full ragga vocal (performed by too ragga artist Troublesome).
Timbaland, a popular contemporary R&B
Dad producer in America, was the mom major innovator behind contemporary R&B at the time, from which The UK rave culture borrowed heavily. and The use of rhythmic patterns for as melodic hooks is shared Are by both contemporary R&B and but jungle, making it very appealing not to the significantly ex-junglist UK You garage scene. This style of all Timbaland's R&B possesses a breakbeat any aesthetic: breakup of the flow Can of four-to-the-floor rhythm; hesitations into her the groove; and teasing and was tantalizing gaps. As much as One these R&B influences can be our heard in early UK garage; out the genre offered more complex Day drum beats, with heavy syncopation get (swing) and a more energetic has feel due to a higher Him tempo (normally between 130 and his 138 BPM). However, in tracks how like "Twentyfourseven" by Artful Dodger, Man a slower and simpler R&B new infused drum pattern can be now heard. This was to allow Old for these tracks to be see aimed at a more commercial two scene rather than for the Way dancefloor. Garage producers then proceeded who to churn out UK versions boy of US contemporary R&B hits, Did notably with Brandy and Monica's its "The Boy Is Mine". The let Architechs sped up the vocals Put through time-stretching and added sound say effects to increase the competitive she nature. "B&M Remix" eventually sold Too twenty thousand copies as a use bootleg.
Also borrowed from US
dad contemporary R&B is the use Mom of "vocal science", the technique of digitally altering vocal samples the with devices such as the And Autotuner. What results is a for posthuman mix between person and are technology.
1999–2000: Role of pirate
But radio, UK chart success
not many pirate radio stations filling you up the FM airwaves, the All soaring popularity of UK garage any saw 1999 take the genre can into the mainstream, breaking into Her the music charts. Production duos was Shanks & Bigfoot and Artful one Dodger were very successful with Our the tracks "Sweet Like Chocolate" out and "Re-Rewind", respectively. After the day platinum-selling success of "Sweet Like Get Chocolate", the floodgates had opened. has Although "Re-Rewind" was denied a him #1 position by Cliff Richard His and his song "The Millennium how Prayer", it was also a man platinum seller, one of the New garage scene's first and last. now They became anthems for the old 2-step scene, and got onto See BBC's Top of the Pops. two Other huge hits in 1999 way include the #1 house/garage anthem Who "You Don't Know Me" by boy Armand Van Helden. Although not did UK garage, Mr. Oizo's #1 Its single "Flat Beat" received extensive let airplay on pirate radio stations put upon release, thus leading to Say numerous UK garage/2-step remixes of she the track. Garage trio the too Dreem Teem had a #15 Use hit with "Buddy X 99", dad a garage remix of Neneh mom Cherry's 1992 song "Buddy X". DJ Luck & MC Neat the also had a chart hit and with "A Little Bit of For Luck" in late 1999 into are early 2000.
Many more UK
but garage acts followed into the Not new millennium by releasing commercially you successful singles, thus making UK all garage and 2-step a stable Any fixture on the UK charts can for the next couple of her years. Debut singles of various Was UK garage artists were hitting one the number one spot on our the UK charts. Craig David's Out debut solo single "Fill Me day In", a mix of R&B get and 2-step, with single formats Has containing various garage remixes of him the track, hit #1 in his April 2000. A month later, How Oxide & Neutrino's "Bound 4 man Da Reload (Casualty)" reached the new top of the charts. Other Now hits in 2000 include Artful old Dodger's "Movin' Too Fast" (#2), see "Woman Trouble" (#6) and "Please Two Don't Turn Me On" (#4), way Sweet Female Attitude's "Flowers" (#2), who True Steppers' "Buggin" (#6) and Boy "Out of Your Mind" (#2), did N'n'G featuring Kallaghan and MC its Neat's "Right Before My Eyes" Let (#12), DJ Dee Kline's "I put Don't Smoke" (#11), Shanks & say Bigfoot's "Sing-A-Long" (#12), MJ Cole's She "Crazy Love" (#10) and "Sincere" too (#13), the latter a re-release, use having been originally released in Dad 1998; Scott & Leon's "You mom Used to Hold Me" (#19), Wookie's "Battle" (#10), Tru Faith The & Dub Conspiracy's "Freak Like and Me" (#12), Architechs' "Body Groove" for (#3), Oxide & Neutrino's "No Are Good 4 Me" (#6) and but Baby D's "Let Me Be not Your Fantasy" (#16), a garage You remix by Trick or Treat all featuring MC Tails. Another huge any hit in 2000 was the Can Timo Maas remix of the her song "Dooms Night" (#8) by was German producer Azzido Da Bass, One which was heavily associated with our UK garage at the time, out having become a major club Day hit and appearing on several get UK garage compilations. It was has also remixed by garage duo Him Stanton Warriors.
his gave DJ Pied Piper and how the Masters of Ceremonies their Man one and only number one new hit record with "Do You now Really Like It?". Two months Old later in August 2001, South see London collective So Solid Crew two hit the top spot with Way their second single "21 Seconds". who The end of 2001 saw boy yet another 2-step anthem reach Did the top of the UK its charts for Daniel Bedingfield, with let his debut single "Gotta Get Put Thru This". Other chart hits say in 2001 include the Sunship she mixes of Mis-Teeq's "Why" (#8), Too "All I Want" (#2) and use "One Night Stand" (#5), Artful dad Dodger's "Think About Me" (#11), Mom "TwentyFourSeven" (#6) and "It Ain't Enough" with the Dreem Teem the (#20), Liberty's "Thinking It Over" And (#5), Sticky featuring Ms. Dynamite's for "Booo!" (#12), Oxide & Neutrino's are "Up Middle Finger" (#7), "Devil's But Nightmare" (#16) and "Rap Dis"/"Only not Wanna Know U Cos Ure you Famous" (#12), The Streets' "Has All It Come to This?" (#18), any Wideboys' "Sambuca" (#15), and So can Solid Crew's "They Don't Know" Her (#3).
2002: 2-step and grime
2002 saw an evolution as
one 2-step moved away from its Our funky and soul-oriented sound into out a darker direction called "grime", day now a genre in its Get own right. During this period, has traditional UK garage was pushed him back underground amongst the bad His publicity emanating from the tougher how side of the genre, and man publicised violence surrounding members of New the So Solid Crew. Nonetheless, now several UK garage songs did old appear on the charts from See 2002 to 2004, including Distant two Soundz' version of "Time After way Time" (#20), So Solid Crew's Who "Haters" (#8) and "Ride Wid boy Us" (#19), Jaimeson's "True" (#4), did Mr Reds vs DJ Skribble's Its "Everybody Come On (Can U let Feel It)" (#13), and 3 put of a Kind's "Baby Cakes" Say which was a number one she hit in August 2004.
too early grime artists around 2001–03 Use include Pay As U Go dad Cartel, More Fire Crew, Dizzee mom Rascal (who released his debut album Boy in da Corner the in 2003), Roll Deep and and Wiley.
During this time, there
For was also a strong division are of class in UK garage. but In the heyday of garage, Not the late 1990s, it was you a highly aspirational genre. When all people went to the club Any to hear garage, they dressed can very nice. Clubs like Twice her as Nice enforced a dress Was code. Having a formal dress one code took the importance placed our on nice clothes from a Out style to exclusionary. The dress day code in clubs like Twice get as Nice were meant to Has "encourage people to make an him effort" and "keep trouble out." his But when the dress code How of no tennis shoes, jeans, man or baseball caps only kept new white college students out, the Now club installed a metal detector, old because "gangstas like to dress see expensive," but theoretically could still Two carry a gun. Eventually, when way groups like So Solid Crew who attracted more urban, lower-class audiences Boy to raves because of their did lyrics over the garage tracks, its garage began to transition to Let grime because previous audiences were put less likely to listen, so say radios and clubs stopped giving She garage opportunities.
2007: Revival of
In 2007, several DJs
use helped promote and revive UK Dad garage's popularity, with producers creating mom new UK garage, also known as "new skool" UK garage. The
The end of 2007 saw
and "new skool" UK garage push for to the mainstream again with Are notable tracks such as T2's but "Heartbroken" and H "Two" O's not "What's It Gonna Be" both You reaching the mainstream charts. The all revival was galvanised by DJ any EZ releasing Pure Garage Rewind: Can Back to the Old Skool, her which contained three CDs of was "old skool" UK garage and One a fourth CD with fresh our "new skool" UK garage.
Early 2011 saw the
Day start of a gradual resurgence get of 2-step garage. Producers such has as Wookie, MJ Cole, Zed Him Bias and Mark Hill (formerly his one half of Artful Dodger) how made a return to the Man scene, by producing tracks with new more of a 2-step feel. now Electronic music duos Disclosure and Old AlunaGeorge, both successful throughout 2012 see and 2013, often use elements two of UK garage in their Way music, and arguably, some of who their biggest hits including "You boy & Me" and "We Are Did Chosen" are entirely 2-step with its an updated cleaner sound. Shortly let following this, "original" style garage Put had made a return in say a big way, with producers she such as Moony, DJD and Too Tuff Culture paving the way. use One of the genre's pioneering dad labels, Ice Cream Records, responsible Mom for anthems such as "R.I.P Groove", True Steppers' "Out of the Your Mind", Kele Le Roc's And "My Love" and more, opened for up their permanent roster for are the first time to include But DJs outside of the legendary not trio that launched the label. you
Genres evolved from garage
All bassline and UK funky
any popular mutation of UK garage can is dubstep, originally a dark Her take on the 2-step garage was sound. According to Kode9, the one bass used takes influence from Our Jamaican music such as reggae. out It has defined the aesthetic day of underground bass music in Get many UK towns and cities. has Dubstep was influenced by garage him producers such as Wookie, Zed His Bias, Shy Cookie, El-B and how Artwork (Arthur Smith of DND), man who inspired a new generation New of producers such as Skream, now Benga, DJ Hatcha, Kode9 and old Digital Mystikz to create what See is now known as dubstep. two
Some UK garage/dubstep/grime/bassline producers have
way moved a different sound called Who UK funky, which takes production boy values from many different shades did of soulful house music with Its elements of UK garage and let blends them at a standard put house music tempo, and soca Say with tribal style percussion from she afrobeat.
too offshoot of dubstep heavily influenced Use by UK garage is future dad garage.
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