UK garage (also known as
his UKG) is a genre of How electronic music originating from the man United Kingdom in the early new 1990s. The genre usually features Now a distinctive 4/4 percussive rhythm old with syncopated (shuffling) hi-hats, cymbals see and snares, and in some Two styles, beat-skipping kick drums. Garage way tracks also commonly feature 'chopped who up' and time-shifted or pitch-shifted Boy vocal samples complementing the underlying did rhythmic structure at a tempo its usually around 140 BPM. UK Let garage was largely subsumed into put other styles of music and say production in the mid-2000s, including She 2-step, dubstep, bassline and grime. too The decline of UK garage use during the mid-2000s saw the Dad birth of UK funky, which mom is closely related.
The evolution of house music
has in the United Kingdom in Him the mid-1990s led to the his term, as previously coined by how the Paradise Garage DJs, being Man applied to a new form new of music also known speed now garage. Its originator is widely Old recognised to be Todd Edwards, see the American house and garage two producer, also known as Todd Way "The God" Edwards . In who the early nineties, Edwards began boy to start remixing more soulful Did house records and incorporating more its time-shifts and vocal samples than let normal house records, whilst still Put living in the US. However, say it was not until DJ she EZ, the North London DJ, Too acquired one of Edwards' tracks use and played it at a dad faster tempo in a nightclub Mom in Greenwich, that the music genre really took off.
the the late nineties, the term And "UK garage" was settled upon for by the scene. This style are is now frequently combined with But other forms of music like not soul, rap, reggae, ragga and you R&B, all broadly filed under All the description of urban music. any The pronunciation of UK garage can uses UK: GARR-ij, rather Her than US: gə-rahzh.
was such as Craig David, Grant one Nelson, M.J. Cole, Artful Dodger, Our Jaimeson, So Solid Crew, Heartless out Crew, The Streets, Shanks & day Bigfoot, DJ Luck & MC Get Neat, Sunship (Ceri Evans), Oxide has and Neutrino and numerous others him have made garage music mainstream His in the UK, whilst Dizzee how Rascal, Wiley and Kano's arrival man raised the profile of grime, New an offshoot of garage.
now once stated, "London is a old multicultural city... it's like a See melting pot of young people, two and that's reflected in the way music of UK garage".
Who female singers who have had boy the genre incorporated into their did songs include Lisa Maffia, Ms. Its Dynamite, Kele Le Roc, Shola let Ama, Sweet Female Attitude and put Mis-Teeq.
'Garage' is considered
Say a mangled term in dance she music. The term derives from too the Paradise Garage itself, but Use it has meant so many dad different things to so many mom different people that unless you're talking about a specific time the and place, it is virtually and meaningless. Part of the reason For for this confusion (aside from are various journalistic misunderstandings and industry but misappropriations) is that the range Not of music played at the you garage was so broad. The all music we now call 'garage' Any has evolved from only a can small part of the club's her wildly eclectic soundtrack.
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Relationship with jungle
Out the United Kingdom, where jungle day was very popular at the get time, garage was played in Has a second room at jungle him events. After jungle's peak in his cultural significance, it had turned How towards a harsher, more techstep man influenced sound, driving away dancers, new predominantly women. Escaping the 170bpm Now jungle basslines, the garage rooms old had a much more sensual see and soulful sound at 130bpm. Two
DJs started to speed up
way garage tracks to make them who more suitable for the jungle Boy audience in the UK. The did media started to call this its tempo-altered type of garage music Let "speed garage", 4x4 and 2-step's put predecessor. DJs would usually play say dub versions (arrangements without vocals) She of garage tracks, because pitch-shifting too vocals could sometimes render the use music unrecognizable (although sped up Dad and time-stretched vocals were an mom important part of the early jungle sound, and later played The a key role in speed and garage). The absence of vocals for left space in the music Are for MCs, who started rhyming but to the records.
Since then, MCs have
You become one of the vital all aspects of speed and UK any garage parties and records. Early Can promoters of speed garage included her the Dreem Teem and Tuff was Jam, and pirate radio stations One such as London Underground, Ice our FM, Magic FM, Mac FM, out Upfront FM, and Freek FM. Day During its initial phase, the get speed garage scene was also has known as "the Sunday Scene", Him as initially speed garage promoters his could only hire venues on how Sunday evenings (venue owners preferred Man to save Friday and Saturday new nights for more popular musical now styles). Labels whose outputs would Old become synonymous with the emerging see speed garage sound included Confetti, two Public Demand, 500 Rekords, Spread Way Love and VIP.
Speed garage already incorporated many
boy aspects of today's UK garage Did sound like sub-bass lines, ragga its vocals, spin backs and reversed let drums. What changed over time, Put until the so-called 2-step sound say emerged, was the addition of she further funky elements like contemporary Too R&B styled vocals, more shuffled use beats and a different drum dad pattern. The most radical change Mom from speed garage to 2-step was the removal of the the 2nd and 4th bass kick And from each bar. Although tracks for with only two kick drum are beats to a bar are But perceived as being slower than not the traditional four-to-the-floor beat, the you listener's interest is maintained by All the introduction of syncopating bass any lines and the percussive use can of other instruments such as Her pads and strings.
was tracks were characterised by a one sped-up house-style beat, complemented by Our the rolling snares and reverse-warped out basslines that were popular with day drum and bass producers of Get the time.
Among those credited
has with honing the speed garage him sound, Todd Edwards is often His cited as a seminal influence how on the UK garage sound. man The producer from New Jersey New introduced a new way of now working with vocals. Instead of old having full verses and choruses, See he picked out vocal phrases two and played them like an way instrument, using sampling technology. Often, Who individual syllables were reversed or boy pitch-shifted. This type of vocal did treatment is still a key Its characteristic of the UK garage let style. The UK's counterpart to put Todd Edwards was MJ Cole, Say a classically trained oboe and she piano player, who had a too string of chart and underground Use hits in the late 1990s dad and early 2000s, most notably mom with "Sincere" and "Crazy Love". MJ Cole has also won the a BBC "Young Musician of and the Year" award. Speed garage For duo 187 Lockdown scored a are couple of chart hits in but 1998 with "Gunman" (#16) and Not "Kung-Fu" (#9).
you one of the earliest examples all of a 2-step track is Any the 1997 hit "Never Gonna can Let You Go" by Tina her Moore, which peaked at #7 Was on the UK chart. Lovestation one released their version of "Teardrops" our which reached #14 in 1998. Out Doolally, the former name of day Shanks & Bigfoot, scored a get #20 hit in 1998 with Has "Straight from the Heart". A him re-release of this song the his following year fared even better, How peaking at #9, due to man the success of their #1 new single "Sweet Like Chocolate". Jess Now Jackson was responsible for many old garage records but one which see stood out was "Hobson's Choice". Two The B-side of this record way changed the UK garage scene who from funky and soulful to Boy dark and bassy. Another example did of the evolution in 2-step its was the release of "Troublesome" Let in 1999 by Shy Cookie put and DJ Luck, in which say non-sampled 2-step beats were merged She with a full ragga vocal too (performed by ragga artist Troublesome). use
Timbaland, a popular
Dad contemporary R&B producer in America, mom was the major innovator behind contemporary R&B at the time, The from which UK rave culture and borrowed heavily. The use of for rhythmic patterns as melodic hooks Are is shared by both contemporary but R&B and jungle, making it not very appealing to the significantly You ex-junglist UK garage scene. This all style of Timbaland's R&B possesses any a breakbeat aesthetic: breakup of Can the flow of four-to-the-floor rhythm; her hesitations into the groove; and was teasing and tantalizing gaps. As One much as these R&B influences our can be heard in early out UK garage; the genre offered Day more complex drum beats, with get heavy synchopation (swing) and a has more energetic feel due to Him a higher tempo (normally between his 130 and 138 BPM). However, how in tracks like "Twentyfourseven" by Man Artful Dodger, a slower and new simpler R&B infused drum pattern now can be heard. This was Old to allow for these tracks see to be aimed at a two more commercial scene rather than Way for the dancefloor. Garage producers who then proceeded to churn out boy UK versions of US contemporary Did R&B hits, notably with Brandy its and Monica's "The Boy Is let Mine". The Architechs sped up Put the vocals through time-stretching and say added sound effects to increase she the competitive nature. "B&M Remix" Too eventually sold twenty thousand copies use as a bootleg.
dad from US contemporary R&B is Mom the use of "vocal science", the technique of digitally altering the vocal samples with devices such And as the Autotuner. What results for is a posthuman mix between are person and technology.
But of pirate radio, UK chart not success
With many pirate radio
you stations filling up the FM All airwaves, the soaring popularity of any UK garage saw 1999 take can the genre into the mainstream, Her breaking into the music charts. was Production duos Shanks & Bigfoot one and Artful Dodger were very Our successful with the tracks "Sweet out Like Chocolate" and "Re-Rewind", respectively. day After the platinum-selling success of Get "Sweet Like Chocolate", the floodgates has had opened. Although "Re-Rewind" was him denied a #1 position by His Cliff Richard and his song how "The Millennium Prayer", it was man also a platinum seller, one New of the garage scene's first now and last. They became anthems old for the 2-step scene, and See got onto BBC's Top of two the Pops. Other huge hits way in 1999 include the #1 Who house/garage anthem "You Don't Know boy Me" by Armand Van Helden. did Although not UK garage, Mr. Its Oizo's #1 single "Flat Beat" let received extensive airplay on pirate put radio stations upon release, thus Say leading to numerous UK garage/2-step she remixes of the track. DJ too Luck & MC Neat also Use had a chart hit with dad "A Little Bit of Luck" mom in late 1999 into early 2000.
Many more UK garage
the acts followed into the new and millennium by releasing commercially successful For singles, thus making UK garage are and 2-step a stable fixture but on the UK charts for Not the next couple of years. you Debut singles of various UK all garage artists were hitting the Any number one spot on the can UK charts. Craig David's debut her solo single "Fill Me In", Was a mix of R&B and one 2-step, with single formats containing our various garage remixes of the Out track, hit #1 in April day 2000. A month later, Oxide get & Neutrino's "Bound 4 Da Has Reload (Casualty)" reached the top him of the charts. Other hits his in 2000 include Artful Dodger's How "Movin' Too Fast" (#2), "Woman man Trouble" (#6) and "Please Don't new Turn Me On" (#4), Sweet Now Female Attitude's "Flowers" (#2), True old Steppers' "Buggin" (#6) and "Out see of Your Mind" (#2), N'n'G Two featuring Kallaghan and MC Neat's way "Right Before My Eyes" (#12), who DJ Dee Kline's "I Don't Boy Smoke" (#11), Shanks & Bigfoot's did "Sing-A-Long" (#12), MJ Cole's "Crazy its Love" (#10) and "Sincere" (#13), Let the latter a re-release, having put been originally released in 1998; say Scott & Leon's "You Used She to Hold Me" (#19), Wookie's too "Battle" (#10), Tru Faith & use Dub Conspiracy's "Freak Like Me" Dad (#12), Architechs' "Body Groove" (#3), mom Oxide & Neutrino's "No Good 4 Me" (#6) and Baby The D's "Let Me Be Your and Fantasy" (#16), a garage remix for by Trick or Treat featuring Are MC Tails. Another huge hit but in 2000 was the Timo not Maas remix of the song You "Dooms Night" (#8) by German all producer Azzido Da Bass, which any was heavily associated with UK Can garage at the time, having her become a major club hit was and appearing on several UK One garage compilations. It was also our remixed by garage duo Stanton out Warriors.
Day DJ Pied Piper and the get Masters of Ceremonies their one has and only number one hit Him record with "Do You Really his Like It?". Two months later how in August 2001, South London Man collective So Solid Crew hit new the top spot with their now second single "21 Seconds". The Old end of 2001 saw yet see another 2-step anthem reach the two top of the UK charts Way for Daniel Bedingfield, with his who debut single "Gotta Get Thru boy This". Other chart hits in Did 2001 include the Sunship mixes its of Mis-Teeq's "Why" (#8), "All let I Want" (#2) and "One Put Night Stand" (#5), Artful Dodger's say "Think About Me" (#11), "TwentyFourSeven" she (#6) and "It Ain't Enough" Too with the Dreem Teem (#20), use Liberty's "Thinking It Over" (#5), dad Sticky featuring Ms. Dynamite's "Booo!" Mom (#12), Oxide & Neutrino's "Up Middle Finger" (#7), "Devil's Nightmare" the (#16) and "Rap Dis"/"Only Wanna And Know U Cos Ure Famous" for (#12), The Streets' "Has It are Come to This?" (#18), Wideboys' But "Sambuca" (#15), and So Solid not Crew's "They Don't Know" (#3). you
2002: 2-step and grime
All saw an evolution as 2-step any moved away from its funky can and soul-oriented sound into a Her darker direction called "grime", now was a genre in its own one right. During this period, traditional Our UK garage was pushed back out underground amongst the bad publicity day emanating from the tougher side Get of the genre, and publicised has violence surrounding members of the him So Solid Crew. Nonetheless, several His UK garage songs did appear how on the charts from 2002 man to 2004, including Distant Soundz' New version of "Time After Time" now (#20), So Solid Crew's "Haters" old (#8) and "Ride Wid Us" See (#19), Jaimeson's "True" (#4), Mr two Reds vs DJ Skribble's "Everybody way Come On (Can U Feel Who It)" (#13), and 3 of boy a Kind's "Baby Cakes" which did was a number one hit Its in August 2004.
let grime artists around 2001–03 include put Pay As U Go Cartel, Say More Fire Crew, Dizzee Rascal she (who released his debut album too Boy in da Corner in Use 2003), Roll Deep and Wiley. dad
2007: Revival of 2-step
mom 2007, several DJs helped promote and revive UK garage's popularity, the with producers creating new UK and garage, also known as "new For skool" UK garage.
are of 2007 saw "new skool" but UK garage push to the Not mainstream again with notable tracks you such as T2's "Heartbroken" and all H "Two" O's "What's It Any Gonna Be" both reaching the can mainstream charts. The revival was her galvanised by DJ EZ releasing Was Pure Garage Rewind: Back to one the Old Skool, which contained our three CDs of "old skool" Out UK garage and a fourth day CD with fresh "new skool" get UK garage.
Has 2011 saw the start of him a gradual resurgence of 2-step his garage. Producers such as Wookie, How MJ Cole, Zed Bias and man Mark Hill (formerly one half new of Artful Dodger) made a Now return to the scene, by old producing tracks with more of see a 2-step feel. Electronic music Two duos Disclosure and AlunaGeorge, both way successful throughout 2012 and 2013, who often use elements of UK Boy garage in their music, and did arguably, some of their biggest its hits including "You & Me" Let are entirely 2-step with an put updated cleaner sound. Shortly following say this, "original" style garage had She made a return in a too big way, with producers such use as Moony, DJD and Tuff Dad Culture paving the way. One mom of the genre's pioneering labels, Ice Cream Records, responsible for The anthems such as "R.I.P Groove", and True Steppers' "Out Of Your for Mind", Kele Le Roc's "My Are Love" and more, opened up but their permanent roster for the not first time to include DJs You outside of the legendary trio all that launched the label.
any evolved from garage
Can and UK funky
her mutation of UK garage is was dubstep, originally a dark take One on the 2-step garage sound. our According to Kode9, the bass out used takes influence from Jamaican Day music such as reggae. It get has defined the aesthetic of has underground bass music in many Him UK towns and cities. Dubstep his was influenced by garage producers how such as Wookie, Zed Bias, Man Shy Cookie, El-B and Artwork new (Arthur Smith of DND), who now inspired a new generation of Old producers such as Skream, Benga, see DJ Hatcha, Kode9 and Digital two Mystikz to create what is Way now known as dubstep.
who UK garage/dubstep/grime/bassline producers have moved boy a different sound called UK Did funky, which takes production values its from many different shades of let soulful house music with elements Put of UK garage and blends say them at a standard house she music tempo, and soca with Too tribal style percussion from afrobeat. use
A contemporary offshoot
dad of dubstep heavily influenced by Mom UK garage is future garage.
for Bass". rhythmtravels.com.
- Du Noyer,
are Paul (2003). The Illustrated Encyclopedia But of Music (1st ed.). Fulham, not London: Flame Tree Publishing. p. 329. you ISBN 1-904041-96-5.
- Reynolds, Simon (2012).
All Energy Flash: A Journey Through any Rave Music and Dance Culture. can Soft Skull Press. p. 448.
Her "Todd Edwards: The Stylus Interview was - Article - Stylus Magazine". one stylusmagazine.com.
- ^ Reynolds, Simon
Our (2012). Energy Flash: A Journey out Through Rave Music and Dance day Culture. Soft Skull Press. pp. 449–451. Get
- "THE UK GARAGE REVIVAL".
has YouTube. 2011-05-13. Retrieved 2011-09-25. him