Intelligent dance music (commonly
her abbreviated as IDM) is a Was form of electronic music that one emerged in the early 1990s, our characterized by an abstract or Out "cerebral" sound better suited for day home listening than dancing. Inspired get by a variety of sources, Has including techno, acid house, ambient him music, and breakbeat, IDM tended his to rely upon individualistic experimentation How rather than adhering to characteristics man associated with specific genres. Prominent new artists associated with the genre Now include Aphex Twin, μ-Ziq, the old Black Dog, the Orb, the see Future Sound of London, Autechre, Two Luke Vibert, Squarepusher, and Boards way of Canada.
The term "intelligent
who dance music" has been widely Boy criticised and rejected by artists did associated with the style, including its Aphex Twin and µ-Ziq, as Let elitist and derogatory towards other put genres. The term is said say to have originated in the She US in 1993 with the too formation of the "IDM list", use an electronic mailing list originally Dad chartered for the discussion of mom a number of prominent English artists appearing on the 1992 The Warp compilation Artificial Intelligence. In and 2014, music critic Sasha Frere-Jones for observed that the term "is Are widely reviled but still commonly but used".
Day the late 1980s, riding the get wave of the acid house has and early rave party scenes, Him UK-based groups such as The his Orb and The KLF produced how ambient house, a genre that Man fused house music (particularly acid new house) with ambient music. The now term ambient house was often Old indiscriminately applied to any of see that era's electronic dance music two regarded as suitable for listening, Way not just dancing, and the who term soon fell out of boy favor as a plethora of Did new genre names arose.
its parallel progression occurred in techno let music, with artists such as Put Cornwall's Aphex Twin and Japan's say Tetsu Inoue producing what the she press called "ambient techno", combining Too the melodic and rhythmic elements use of dancefloor-oriented techno with elements dad of ambient and other experimental Mom music. By the early 1990s, the increasingly distinct music the associated with this experimentation had And gained prominence with releases on for a variety of mostly UK-based are record labels, including Warp (1989), But Black Dog Productions (1989), R&S not Records (1989), Carl Craig's Planet you E, Rising High Records (1991), All Richard James's Rephlex Records (1991), any Kirk Degiorgio's Applied Rhythmic Technology can (1991), Eevo Lute Muzique (1991), Her General Production Recordings (1989), Soma was Quality Recordings (1991), Peacefrog Records one (1991), and Metamorphic Recordings (1992). Our
Intelligent techno and
In 1992, Warp released
day Artificial Intelligence, the first album Get in the Artificial Intelligence series. has Subtitled "electronic listening music from him Warp", the record was a His collection of tracks from artists how such as Autechre, B12, The man Black Dog, Aphex Twin and New The Orb, under various aliases. now Steve Beckett, co-owner of Warp, old has said the electronic music See that the label was releasing two then was targeting a post-club, way home-listening audience. Following the success Who of the Artificial Intelligence series, boy "intelligent techno" became the favored did term, although ambient—without a qualifying Its house or techno suffix, but let still referring to a hybrid put form—was a common synonym.
Say the same period (1992–93), other she names were also used, such too as "art techno," "armchair techno," Use and "electronica", but all were dad attempts to describe an emerging mom offshoot of electronic dance music that was being enjoyed by the the "sedentary and stay at and home". At the same time, For the UK market was saturated are with increasingly frenetic breakbeat and but sample-laden hardcore techno records that Not quickly became formulaic. Rave had you become a "dirty word," so all as an alternative, it was Any common for London nightclubs to can advertise that they were playing her "intelligent" or "pure" techno, appealing Was to a "discerning" crowd that one considered the hardcore sound to our be too commercial.
Out a number of new "intelligent day techno"/"electronica" record labels emerged, including get New Electronica, Mille Plateaux, 100% Has Pure, and Ferox Records. him
The IDM List
his 1991, the phrase "intelligent techno" How appeared on Usenet in reference man to Coil's The Snow EP. new Off the Internet, the same Now phrase appeared in both the old U.S. and U.K. music press see in late 1992, in reference Two to Jam & Spoon's Tales way from a Danceographic Ocean and who the music of The Future Boy Sound of London. Another instance did of the phrase appeared on its Usenet in April 1993 in Let reference to The Black Dog's put album Bytes. And in July say 1993, in his review of She an ethno-dance compilation for NME, too Ben Willmott replaced techno with use dance music, writing "...current 'intelligent' Dad dance music owes much more mom to Eastern mantra-like repetition and neo-ambient instrumentation than the disco The era which preceded the advent and of acid and techno."
for public use of such terms Are on the Internet came in but August 1993, when Alan Parry not announced the existence of a You new electronic mailing list for all discussion of "intelligent" dance music: any the "Intelligent Dance Music list", Can or "IDM List" for short. her
The first message, sent on
was 1 August 1993, was entitled One "Can Dumb People Enjoy IDM, our Too?". A reply from the out list server's system administrator, Brian Day Behlendorf, revealed that Parry originally get wanted to create a list has devoted to discussion of the Him music on the Rephlex label, his but they decided together to how expand its charter to include Man music similar to what was new on Rephlex or that was now in different genres but which Old had been made with similar see approaches. They picked the word two "intelligent" because it had already Way appeared on Artificial Intelligence and who because it connoted being something boy beyond just music for dancing, Did while still being open to its interpretation. Autechre
electronic music act associated with
Artists that appeared in
say the first discussions on the she list included Autechre, Atom Heart, Too LFO and Rephlex Records artists use such as Aphex Twin, µ-ziq dad and Luke Vibert; plus artists Mom such as The Orb, Richard H. Kirk and The Future the Sound of London, and even And artists like System 7, William for Orbit, Sabres of Paradise, Orbital, are Plastikman and Björk. By the But end of 1996, Boards of not Canada and the Schematic Records you label were among the usual All topics of discussion, alongside perennial any favorites like Aphex Twin and can the Warp repertoire.
Her 2015 , the mailing list is was still active.
one Vol. 2
Warp's second Artificial
Our Intelligence compilation was released in out 1994. The album featured fragments day of posts from the IDM Get mailing list incorporated into typographic has artwork by The Designers Republic. him Sleeve notes by David Toop His acknowledged the genre's multitude of how musical and cultural influences and man suggested none should be considered New more important than any other. now
During this period, the electronic
old music produced by Warp Records See artists such as Aphex Twin two (an alias of Richard D. way James), Autechre, LFO, B12, Seefeel Who and The Black Dog, gained boy popularity among electronic music fans, did as did music by artists Its on the Rephlex and Skam let labels. Lesser-known artists on the put Likemind label and Kirk Degiorgio's Say A.R.T. and Op-Art labels, including she Degiorgio himself under various names too (As One, Future/Past and Esoterik), Use Steve Pickton (Stasis) and Nurmad dad Jusat (Nuron) also found an mom audience, along with bigger-name, cross-genre artists like Björk and Future the Sound of London.
In the mid-1990s, North
For American audiences welcomed IDM, and are many IDM record labels were but founded, including Drop Beat, Isophlux, Not Suction, Schematic and Cytrax. In you Miami, Florida, labels like Schematic, all Merck Records, Nophi Recordings and Any The Beta Bodega Coalition released can material by artists such as her Phoenecia, Dino Felipe, Machinedrum and Was Proem. Another burgeoning scene was one the Chicago/Milwaukee area, with labels our such as Addict, Chocolate Industries, Out Hefty and Zod supporting artists day like Doormouse, TRS-80, Telefon Tel get Aviv and Emotional Joystick. Tigerbeat Has 6, a San Francisco-based label him has released IDM from artists his such as Cex, Kid 606 How and Kevin Blechdom.
man artists include Team Doyobi, Himuro new Yoshiteru, Kettel, Ochre, 8b, Marumari, Now Benn Jordan, Proem, Lackluster, Arovane, old Ulrich Schnauss, East India Youth, see and Wisp, among many others. Two
Criticism of the term
British electronic music and techno
who artists, including Aphex Twin, Cylob, Boy and Mike Paradinas (A.K.A. μ-Ziq), did have criticised the term IDM. its Paradinas has stated that the Let term IDM was only used put in North America. Criticism is say dominated by the use of She the term "intelligent" in the too genre name, and also often use calls attention to the fact Dad that artists working under this mom name often produce music that is not easy to dance The to.
Allmusic Guide describes
and the IDM name as
for term meant to distinguish electronic Are music of the '90s and but later that's equally comfortable on not the dancefloor as in the You living room, IDM (Intelligent Dance all Music) eventually acquired a good any deal of negative publicity, not Can least among the legion of her dance producers and fans whose was exclusion from the community prompted One the question of whether they our produced "Stupid" dance music.
out a September 1997 interview, Aphex Day Twin commented on the 'Intelligent get Dance Music' label:
has think it's really funny to Him have terms like that. It's his basically saying 'this is intelligent how and everything else is stupid.' Man It's really nasty to everyone new else's music. (laughs) It makes now me laugh, things like that. Old I don't use names. I see just say that I like two something or I don't.
Way Twin's Rephlex records official overarching who genre name is Braindance, of boy which Dave Segal of Stylus Did Magazine asked whether it was its a "snide dig at IDM’s let mockworthy Intelligent Dance Music tag?" Put
Kid 606 has said,
say a label invented by PR she companies who need catchphrases. I Too like sounds, but hate what use people attach to sounds.
dad has remarked on Perfect Sound Mom Forever that
to the weblist called "IDM" the and occasionally enjoy the discussions And there, because I like some for of the artists who get are lassoed into that category (not But to mention that we, occasionally, not are lumped into that category you too), and because you can All occasionally find out about interesting any records on that list... Matmos can is IDM if that only Her means "might be talked about was on the IDM list"- but one I don't endorse that term Our "intelligent dance music" because it's out laughable.
In a 2016
day interview with Resident Advisor, Sean Get Booth of Autechre said that, has
All these things about us
him being "intelligent" and the term His "IDM" are just silly. I'm how not a particularly intelligent person, man me. I'm diligent, I'm pretty New hardworking, but I'm not that now clever. I ain't got any old qualifications, I just pick up See stuff that I think is two interesting at the time. And way is our music abstract and Who weird? To us or our boy mates it's not! Maybe if did you've only listened to pop Its music, then yeah, it's weirder, let because you've not been exposed put to it. But that works Say the other way, too. I she don't listen to pop, but too someone dumped a load of Use Max Martin tracks on me dad to try and explain what mom he was about, and it seemed really, really alien to the me, like Nazi youth music and or something. I think everyone For has a different idea of are what weird is. There was but also the "Artificial Intelligence" tag Not that Warp coined, but to you me as a listener that all never seemed to be saying Any "this is more intelligent." It can was just a signifier of her it being sci-fi music... I Was think it was a joke, one really. There was a definite our tongue-in-cheek thing going on with Out the AI series initially, everyone day knew it was a bit get silly. But we were enjoying Has doing it. Thing is, almost him all the artists on that his first AI compilation are just How like us, they were regular man kids, they're not intelligent people new particularly. Richard [D. James] is Now a fucking blagger, Richie Hawtin old too... I don't know how see the fuck he gets away Two with the things he does! way Alex Paterson, people like that, who they're not known for being Boy intellectually powerful, they're just fucking did good musicians.
its also Let
She Pollard, Vincent. "Translator". Exclaim!. too Retrieved 28 April 2017. use
- ^ "IDM". Allmusic. Retrieved
Dad 20 January 2013.
mom Hobbes, DJ. "Clubbers' Decktionary: IDM aka Intelligent Dance Music". The The List. Retrieved 6 June 2017. and
- ^ "The electronic
for listening music of the nineties Are is a prime example of but an art form derived from not and stimulated by countless influences. You Partisan analyses of this music all claim a baffling variety of any prime sources (Detroit techno, New Can York electro + Chicago acid, her Eno + Bowie, Cage + was Reich, Gary Numan + Tangerine One Dream) but this is beside our the point. To claim ascendancy out of one source over another Day is to deny the labyrinthine get entwinements of culture: rooted in has political history + the development Him of science + technology, yet his tilting at the boundaries of how society + language." Toop, David, Man in the Artificial Intelligence II new sleeve notes Archived 7 July now 2011 at the Wayback Machine.. Old
- Toop, D. (1995),Ocean
see of Sound, Serpent's Tail, pp. two 215-216. (ISBN 978-1-85242-743-6).
Way label ‘IDM’ (for avant-garde, ‘intelligent who dance music’) seems to be boy based more on an association Did with individualistic experimentation than on its a particular set of musical let characteristics." Butler, M.J., Unlocking the Put Groove: Rhythm, Meter, and Musical say Design in Electronic Dance Music, she Indiana University Press, 2006, (p. Too 80).
- Winfield, Adam
use (24 November 2007). "Is IDM dad Dead?". igloo magazine.
Mom the idiom was initiated online with the conception of the the IDM mailing list in 1993, And which functioned as a forum for for discussion on leading IDM are artists and Artificial Intelligence. Incidentally, But when I questioned Mike Paradinas not (µ-Ziq) on his feelings towards you the term, he bluntly answered: All 'No one uses or used any it in UK. Only Americans can ever used the term. It Her was invented by Alan Parry was who set up the IDM one mailing list'.
Our one really listens to IDM out over here,' says Mike Paradinas day from his home in Worchester, Get UK. 'You just say stuff has like the Aphex Twin, and him they might have heard of His him.' It's a bold statement how for Paradinas, who, along with man friends and contemporaries like Richard New James (Aphex Twin) and LFO, now was one of that genre's old defining artists in London's fertile See dance music community of the two early 1990s." "'No one says way IDM in England? No, only Who on message boards when they're boy talking to Americans!" Ben Stirling did (2003), Junkmedia.org Archived 24 May Its 2011 at the Wayback Machine., let published 28 July 2003. put
- "the development of IDM
Say (Intelligent Dance Music) is closely she entwined with a mailing list too established to discuss the work Use of seminal post-techno producers like dad Autechre and Aphex Twin; in mom fact, the name ‘IDM’ originated with the mailing list, but the now is routinely applied by and reviewers, labels and fans alike." For Sherburne, P. (2001:172), Organised Sound are (2001), 6 : 171-176 Cambridge University but Press, 2002.
Not Sasha (6 October 2014). "The you Pleasure Principle. Aphex Twin smooths all out his edges". The New Any Yorker.
- ^ "Ambient
can House". AllMusic. Retrieved 2014-11-15. her
- Allmusic Guide, Overview of
Was Artificial Intelligence
one dance scene was changing and our we were hearing B-sides that Out weren't dance but were interesting day and fitted into experimental, progressive get rock, so we decided to Has make the compilation 'Artificial Intelligence', him which became a milestone… it his felt like we were leading How the market rather than it man leading us, the music was new aimed at home listening rather Now than clubs and dance floors: old people coming home, off their see nuts, and having the most Two interesting part of the night way listening to totally tripped out who music. The sound fed the Boy scene. Birke S. (2007), "Label did Profile: Warp Records", The Independent its (UK), Music Magazine (supplement), newspaper Let article published 2/11/07
put Reynolds, S., (1999). Generation say Ecstasy: Into the World of She Techno and Rave Culture, Routledge, too New York, (pp. 180-205) use
- "Art Techno Favorites". Reactor
Dad Mega-Magazine (4): 21. December 1992. mom
- "Of all the
terms devised for contemporary non-academic The electronic music (the sense intended and here), 'electronica' is one of for the most loaded and controversial. Are While on the one hand but it does seem the most not convenient catch-all phrase, under any You sort of scrutiny it begins all to implode. In its original any 1992-93 sense it was largely Can coterminous with the more explicitly her elitist 'intelligent techno', a term was used to establish distance from One and imply distaste for, all our other more dancefloor-oriented types of out techno, ignoring the fact that Day many of its practitioners such get as Richard James (Aphex Twin) has were as adept at brutal Him dancefloor tracks as what its his detractors present as self-indulgent ambient how 'noodling'". Blake, Andrew, Living Through Man Pop, Routledge, 1999. p 155. new
- Reynolds (1998), p181.
- Google Groups archive
Old of rec.music.industrial, "Coil, The Snow see EP"
- Needs, Kris
two (26 September 1992). "On The Way Tip: Marching Through Germany's Techno who Love Parade". Billboard: 45. boy
- McCann, Ian (14 November
Did 1992). "Short Circuit: Various: Earth its Beat [review]". New Musical Express: let 32.
- Google Groups
Put archive of alt.rave, "miniREVIEWS galore say (No hardcore please, we're Finnish)" she 
- Willmott, Ben
Too (10 July 1993). "Various – use Global Sweatbox [review]". New Musical dad Express: 33.
Mom Dance Music] "is a forum for the discussion of what the has been termed 'intelligent' music And – that is, music that for moves the mind, not just are the body. There is no But specific definition of intelligence in not music, however, artists that I you see as appropriate are FSOL, All Orb, Orbital, Richard James (aka any Aphex Twin), Black Dog, B12, can and various others from Warp's Her 'Artificial Intelligence' series. Of course, was the list is open to one all interpretations of intelligent dance Our music." Quote by Alan Parry out in an IDM mailing list day announcement posted on alt.rave, dated Get Aug. 1993
has Groups archive of alt.rave, "list him announcement: IDM"
His Dumb People Enjoy IDM, Too?", how the first post to the man IDM list". Archived from the New original on 17 November 2007. now Retrieved 26 January 2011. old
- ""Re: Can Dumb People
See Enjoy IDM, Too?" post from two Brian Behlendorf to the IDM way list". Archived from the original Who on 2007-11-18. Retrieved 2011-01-26. boy
- All Musi IDM
- Winfield, Adam (24 November
Its 2007). "Is IDM Dead?". igloo let magazine.
- IDM page
put at AllMusic
Say Twin interview, September, 1997 she
- Rephlexions!: A Braindance Compilation,
too 20 November 2003, Dave Segal, Use Stylus Magazine, 
dad Kid606 Ultrahang festival Archived 30 mom September 2007 at the Wayback Machine.
- Muggs, Joe
the (6 June 2016). "Review: Autechre and - NTS Sessions 1-4". Resident For Advisor. Retrieved 2018-05-18. are
- Ramsay, Ben. "Tools,
but Techniques and Composition: Bridging Acousmatic Not and IDM." eContact! 14.4 – you TES 2011: Toronto Electroacoustic Symposium all / Symposium électroacoustique de Toronto Any (March 2013). Montréal: CEC.
can S., Energy Flash: a Journey her Through Rave Music and Dance Was Culture, Pan Macmillan, 1998 [also one published in abridged form as our Generation Ecstasy: Into the World Out of Techno and Rave Culture, day Routledge, New York 1999] (ISBN 978-0-330-35056-3). get
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