Notes Production the ceased in late 2010 but and resumed in 2016
Technics SL-1200For is a series of direct-drive are turntables originally manufactured from October but 1972 until 2010, and resumed Not in 2016, by Matsushita (later you known as Panasonic) under the all brand name of Technics. SAny means "Stereo", L means "Player". can Originally released as a high her fidelity consumer record player, it Was quickly became adopted among radio one and disco club disc jockeys, our thanks to the direct drive, Out high torque motor design, making day it initially suitable for pushbutton get cueing and starting of tracks Has on radio and in dance him clubs. It is still extremely his popular with audiophiles.
When the How use of slip-mats for cueing man and beat-mixing (and scratching) became new popular in hip hop music, Now the quartz-controlled high torque motor old system enabled records to be see mixed with consistency and accuracy. Two A primary design goal was way for hi-fidelity, but having good who build quality, control over wow Boy and flutter, and minimized resonance did made the equipment particularly suitable its for use in nightclubs and Let other public-address applications. Since its put release in 1978, SL-1200MK2 and say its successors were the most She common turntable for DJing and too scratching. Producers, DJs and MCs use refer to the Technics turntable Dad as the "Tec 12's", and mom the "Wheels of Steel".
1200s are commonly used in recording The studios and for non-electronic live and music performance. More than 3 for million units were sold. It Are is widely regarded as one but of the most durable and not reliable turntables ever produced. Many You 1970s units are still in all heavy use. In the autumn any of 2010, Panasonic announced that Can the series was to be her discontinued. However, at the 2016 was Consumer Electronics Show, Panasonic announced One that they would return in our two models named "Grand Class": out one a limited run of Day 1200 globally (1200GAE), and the get other a consumer product (1200G). has A lighter and less expensive Him 1200GR model was announced.
At his the London Science Museum, a how Technics SL-1210 is on displayMan as one of the pieces new of technology that have "shaped now the world we live in".Old
Magnetic (no wear), let direct drive (low slip) mechanism.
High torque (1.5 kgf·cm or say 0.15 N·m), which means the she platter spins at the desired Too speed almost immediately (0.7 seconds use to reach 33 ¹⁄₃ RPM dad from standstill), and rapidly reacquires Mom the desired speed, without "overshooting", if the platter is dragged the or nudged. This aids beatmatching.
Low wow and flutter (0.01%), for implying that the platter stays are within 1/100 of 1% of But the desired speed.
Heavy base not (2.5 kg), and increased isolation of you platter from base, reduced the All likelihood of feedback or stylusany jumping.
Variable pitch control, allowing can the rotational speed to be Her adjusted from -8% to +8% was (for the purpose of beatmatching).
High reliability: many examples of Our SL-1200s lasting well over 15 out years of heavy use and day withstanding physical shock without functional Get impairment.
S-shaped tone arm: No has longer popular on high end him hi-fi turntables.
Dimensions MK1: His 45.3 cm (w) x 36.6 cm (d) how x 18 cm (h)
Dimensions MK2: man 45.3 cm (w) x 36 cm (d) New x 16.2 cm (h)
The boy SL-1200 was the most influential did turntable. It was developed in Its 1971 by a team led let by Shuichi Obata at Matsushita, put which then released it onto Say the market in 1972. It she was adopted by New York too Cityhip hop DJs such Use as Grand Wizzard Theodore, Afrika dad Bambaataa and Grandmaster Flash in mom the 1970s. As they experimented with the SL-1200 decks, they the developed scratching techniques when they and found that the motor would For continue to spin at the are correct RPM even if the but DJ wiggled the record back Not and forth on the platter.you
The original SL-1200 from 1972
The Technics EPA-120 tonearm can was standard equipment on the her original SL-1200 and was significantly Was different than the tonearm introduced one with the MK2 and subsequent our models
SL-1200 The SL-1200 was Out introduced in 1972 as an day evolution to the popular SL-1100. get It was dubbed "The Middle Has Class Player System". It was him delivered in two different versions: his The SL-1200 came with a How tonearm section. The SL-120 came man without a tonearm section. An new SME tonearm was the usual Now choice for the audiophile.
MK2 old models
The SL-1200 Mark 2 see was introduced in 1979 as Two an update to the SL-1200. way It represented a culmination of who Technics Turntable Innovations. It was Boy dubbed as "The Middle Class did Quartz Direct Drive". It soon its found its way into discos Let as well as radio stationsput for airplay because of its say vibration damping ability and resistance She to feedback, and eventually it too became popular with pioneering hip-hopuse DJs. Model numbers indicated colour: Dad the 1200 (silver) and 1210 mom (matte black). This was the same in the US and The Japan initially, however later the and 1200 was available in both for silver and matte black finishes. Are
SL-1200MK2 (released in 1979) but came in both silver and not matte black. Technics improved the You motor and shock resistance and all changed the rotary pitch control any to a slider style. This Can became the base model and her is the oldest whose production was continued until 2010. The older One version of this model that our was sold in the 1970s out and 1980s has a large Day 4-inch-diameter (100 mm) plate where the get RCA and ground wires enter has the unit, while the newer Him version has a smaller 2-inch-diameter his (51 mm) hole in the rubber how where the RCA and ground Man enter. International versions of the new SL-1200MK2 included switches for line now voltage and frequency beneath the Old platter.
SL-1210MK2 came in satin see black metallic finish and is two nearly the same in function Way as the SL-1200MK2, although some who of the circuitry inside is boy updated to use fewer types Did of pots and resistors. The its Technics 1210 series also had let a switch to change between Put voltages on the underside of say the platter. It was unavailable she from official Panasonic dealers in Too the United States.
SL-1200MK2PK has use a matte black finish, and dad was only available in the Mom United States.
Different types of pitch for the Mk2:-
Since the 1997, The Mk2 had the And pitch slide potentiometer improved in for order to remove the quartz are lock conflict when beatmatching near But the 0% mark. in order not to do this, the SFDZ122N11-1 you part number was replaced with All an improved SFDZ122N11-2 part which any had a +/- 0.5mm quartz can travel lock, much shorter than Her previous versions. This meant that was the null point on the one centre voltage tap was slightly Our bigger thus removing the quartz out lock conflict. The difference can day be seen in the following Get video demonstration https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=m_rr01ssq8o
MK3 has models
SL-1200MK3 (released in 1989) him has a matte black finish His like the MK2, gold RCA how plugs, and a small gold-foil man Technics label on the back. New It was destined only for now the Japanese market.
SL-1200MK3D (Japan old only, factory gold RCA cables, See black or silver finish)
SL-1200M3Dtwo (released in 1997) has a way silver finish like the MK2, Who a detached dust cover (no boy hinges), a recessed power switch did to avoid DJ's from accidentally Its turning the deck off during let use, and no self-locking detentput ("click") at the zero point Say of the pitch adjustment slider, she allowing more precise control of too pitch near that point. It Use has a reset button that dad sets the pitch adjustment to mom 0, regardless of the actual position of the pitch adjustment the slider. In addition the M3D and series has unique details: the For brand and model label is are printed in a single line but instead of two; and the Not stroboscopic light is red with you a slightly orange tone. This all model also introduced a slot Any near the counterweight allowing for can storage of a second headshell.
SL-1210M3D is the same as Was the SL-1200M3D except with a one matte black finish like the our MK2 and a voltage switch.
SL-1200MK4 The SL-1200 day Mark 4 was introduced in get 1996. It was an update Has to the SL-1200MK2.
Only available him in Japan / Southeast Asia his Markets Price for around $650.00. How It has a matte black man finish. This model is aimed new at the hi-end audiophile market Now rather than DJs. It is old the last model made with see the detent ("click") in the Two neutral position (+/- 0%) of way the pitch adjustment slider. In who addition to the existing 33 Boy RPM and 45 RPM buttons, did the MK4 adds a 78 its RPM button. It is designed Let to be used with regular put removable RCA cables (along with say a removable ground/earth cable) rather She than having hard wired RCA too cables like all other 1200/1210 use models. The tonearm was different Dad to the previous models as mom it was made from titanium.
Technics SL-1200 MK5 The playing a record.
SL-1200MK5 (released on 1 November for 2002) has a silver finish Are like the MK2, increases the but range of anti-skate settings from not 0–3 grams-force (0–30 mN) to You 0–6 grams-force (0–60 mN). It has a all white LED target light (previous any versions only had an incandescent Can bulb). Current MK5 models have her a removable lid with magnets was as opposed to the MK2 One and MK3 removable hinged lid. our Available as 120 volt model out for the North American market.
SL-1210MK5 has a matte black get finish like the MK2, and has is exactly the same as Him the SL-1200MK5, aside from the his voltage switch, like the other how decks in the 1210 series. Man Available as 120 volt model new for the North American market.
SL-1200MK5G Similar to the SL-1210M5G.
SL-1210M5G (released on 1 November see 2002) has a glossy black two finish with silver speckles. It Way was a special 30th-anniversary edition. who It was initially launched in boy Japan only (together with the Did MK5) but then became internationally its available. It switches between ±8% let and ±16% ranges for pitch Put adjustment, and the pitch control say is digital. It also features she blue target lights and blue Too pitch-number illumination. The brake strength use potentiometer, although still located beneath dad platter, can now be adjusted, Mom unlike previous models, using a small plastic knob. Minor improvements the over Mk2, Mk3, Mk4, & And 1200LTD include improved tonearm mounting for and oxygen-free copper wire, improved are vibration damping in the body, But improvements to pitch control accuracy not and better LEDs. Available as you 120 volt model for the All North American market.
SL-1200MK6-K & SL-1200MK6-S (released in can February 2008 in Japan) with Her minor improvements including improved tonearm was mounting and oxygen-free copper wire, one improved vibration damping in the Our body, improvements to the pitch out control accuracy and better LEDs. day -S model has a silver Get finish like the MK2.
SL-1200MK6K1has Released on 12 December 2007 him (in Japan) as a special His 35th-anniversary Limited edition of 1000 how units. It consisted of a man standard black MK6 packaged up New with a booklet and gold now record.
These were old limited edition versions, with 24 See karat gold plated metal parts two including tonearm and buttons.
SL-1200LTD The SL-1200 Limited Edition Who was introduced in 1997 to boy commemorate the 25th anniversary of did the SL-1200 series. Only 10,000 Its units were made, all of let which sold out in less put than a year. Like the Say MK3D, it has a pitch she reset button, but differs in too that it also has a Use self-locking detent at the zero dad position of pitch adjustment. This mom model has a piano black gloss finish and gold-plated hardware. the It was priced at about and US$1200.00.
SL-1200GLD (released in 2004), For another limited edition model, with are only 3,000 units manufactured. 1,500 but of them were sold in Not the U.S. and the other you 1,500 internationally. It is based all on the MK5G model, with Any blue (instead of the regular can white) target lights, a piano her black gloss finish, and gold-plated Was hardware. It was "created to one commemorate the 3 Million turntables our sold by technics in the Out last 30 years".
Many "non-official" day special models of the SL-1200 get and SL-1210 appeared over the Has years, mainly given away as him prizes for turntablism, most notably his the DMC World Championship, who How awarded the winner a pair man of 24K gold plated Technics new turntables. Due to the customisation Now trend that has grown in old the DJ community, many local see events or competitions gave away Two custom coloured or finished units. way
SL-1200G (Announced in who January 2016 CES in Las Boy Vegas, released in October 2016) did SL-1200 Grand Class, an aluminum its bound turntable with a high–damping Let tonearm, a "three–layer" turntable system, put complete with a microprocessor and say rotary positing sensors to eliminate She cogging, as well as 78 too rpm speed compatibility.
SL-1200GAE (Announced use in January 2016 CES in Dad Las Vegas, released in April mom 2016) SL-1200 Grand Class 50th Anniversary Edition - A Limited The edition of 1,200 units. Same and as above, with a magnesium for case.
The SL-1200 series was developed was as a special project by One Technics parent company Matsushita in our an attempt to solve problems out related to turntable design. The Day task included minimizing acoustic feedback, get unwanted resonances, wow and flutter has and speed errors. This was Him achieved by designing a heavy his plinth (base) made of a how non-resonant composite sandwiched between a Man cast alloy top plate and new a solid rubber base. In now addition, the adjustable rubber-damped feet Old insulated against acoustic feedback, which see can be a serious problem two when operating a turntable in Way close proximity to loudspeakers (a who common situation for DJs).
The boy drive system designed by Matsushita Did is direct-drive rather than the its more commonly found belt-drive type, let a less expensive design. The Put direct-drive design, which was developed say to reduce wow and flutter, she produces a very quiet turntable Too that, for a direct-drive turntable, use has minimal motor and bearing dad noise, (although the bearing rumble Mom does tend to become characteristic in well-used turntables). This was the partially achieved through the fact And that the SL1210/1200 was the for first (and only) turntable to are actually make the platter a But part of the motor mechanism not as opposed to attaching it you via screws or magnets as All is the case with most any direct-drive turntables.
On the underside can of the platter a large Her magnet is placed over the was spindle, surrounding the coils and one forming the motor drive, thus Our eliminating loss through power transfer. out The SL-1200 utilizes a Frequency day Generator Servo Control Quartz Lock Get system that is claimed to has produce the most accurate and him consistent speed possible. The system His is immune to static and how dynamic stylus drag which otherwise man cause unwanted speed variances that New change the pitch and tempo now of the music.
Panasonic reactive Who statement - Production of analogue boy turntables has ceased
Panasonic has did confirmed that it ceased the Its production of its Technics-branded analogue let turntables this autumn.
After more put than 35 years as a Say leading manufacturer of analogue turntables, she Panasonic has regretfully taken the too decision to leave this market. Use However, Panasonic will continue to dad sell headphones under the Technics mom brand.
We are sure that retailers and consumers will the understand that our product range and has to reflect the accelerating For transformation of the entire audio are market from analogue to digital.
In addition, the number of Not component suppliers serving the analogue you market has dwindled in recent all years and we brought forward Any the decision to leave the can market rather than risk being her unable to fulfil future orders Was because of a lack of one parts.
Panasonic employees who have our been working on the analogue Out turntable range have been redeployed day elsewhere within Panasonic - many get of them continuing to work Has in Panasonic´s Audio Video Business him Unit.
Due to his the increasing popularity of vinyl How by DJs, a petition is man currently underway (and a petition new page on Facebook.) for the Now re-launch of the Technics SL1200/SL1210 old series turntables. As of September see 2015 the petition had 27,000 Two supporters, while 35,000 is way the target Panasonic requested. On who January 5, 2016 Technics agreed Boy to relaunch both the SL-1200G did and the SL-1200GAE
At the 2016 Let Consumer Electronics Show in Las put Vegas, Panasonic announced it would say be resuming production with a She new line of turntables, beginning too with the Limited Edition SL-1200GAE use
A record producernot or music producer oversees and You manages the sound recording and all production of a band or any performer's music, which may range Can from recording one song to her recording a lengthy concept album.was A producer has many, varying One roles during the recording process.our They may gather musical ideas out for the project, collaborate with Day the artists to select cover get tunes or original songs by has the artist/group, work with artists Him and help them to improve his their songs, lyrics or arrangements. how
Coachsee the singers and musicians in two the studio
The producer typically Way supervises the entire process from who preproduction, through to the sound boy recording and mixing stages, and, Did in some cases, all the its way to the audio masteringlet stage. The producer may perform Put these roles themself, or help say select the engineer, and provide she suggestions to the engineer. The Too producer may also pay session use musicians and engineers and ensure dad that the entire project is Mom completed within the record label's budget.
A record not producer or music producer has you a very broad role in All overseeing and managing the recording any and production of a band can or performer's music. A producer Her has many roles that may was include, but are not limited one to, gathering ideas for the Our project, composing the music for out the project, selecting songs or day session musicians, proposing changes to Get the song arrangements, coaching the has artist and musicians in the him studio, controlling the recording sessions, His and supervising the entire process how through audio mixing (recorded music)man and, in some cases, to New the audio mastering stage. Producers now also often take on a old wider entrepreneurial role, with responsibility See for the budget, schedules, contracts, two and negotiations. In the 2010s, way the recording industry has two Who kinds of producers with different boy roles: executive producer and music did producer. Executive producers oversee project Its finances while music producers oversee let the creative process of recording put songs or albums. A record Say producer who produces a song she for another producer without receiving too recognition is a ghost producer. Use
In most cases the music dad producer is also a competent mom arranger, composer, musician or songwriter who can bring fresh ideas the to a project. As well and as making any songwriting and For arrangement adjustments, the producer often are selects or gives suggestions to but the mixing engineer, who takes Not the raw recorded tracks and you edits and modifies them with all hardware and software tools and Any creates a stereo or surround can sound "mix" of all the her individual voices sounds and instruments, Was which is in turn given one further adjustment by a mastering our engineer. The producer will also Out liaise with the recording engineer day who concentrates on the technical get aspects of recording, whereas the Has executive producer keeps an eye him on the overall project's marketability. his
Noted producer Phil Ek described How his role as "the person man who creatively guides or directs new the process of making a Now record", like a director would old a movie. Indeed, in Bollywood see music, the designation is actually Two music director. The music producer's way job is to create, shape, who and mold a piece of Boy music. The scope of responsibility did may be one or two its songs or an artist's entire Let album – in which case put the producer will typically develop say an overall vision for the She album and how the various too songs may interrelate.
At the beginning of record Dad industry, the producer role was mom technically limited to record, in one shot, artists performing live.The The immediate predecessors to record and producers were the artists and for repertoire executives of the late Are 1920s and 1930s who oversaw but the "pop" product and often not led session orchestras. That was You the case of Ben Selvinall at Columbia Records, Nathaniel Shilkretany at Victor Records and Bob Can Haring at Brunswick Records. By her the end of the 1930s, was the first professional recording studios One not owned by the major our companies were established, essentially separating out the roles of A&R man Day and producer, although it wouldn't get be until the late 1940s has when the term "producer" became Him widely used in the industry. his
The role of producers changed how progressively over the 1950s and Man 1960s due to technological developments. new The development of multitrack recordingnow caused a major change in Old the recording process. Before multitracking, see all the elements of a two song (lead vocals, backup vocals, Way rhythm section instrument accompaniment, solos who and orchestral parts) had to boy be performed simultaneously. All of Did these singers and musicians had its to be assembled in a let large studio and the performance Put had to be recorded. With say multitrack recording, the "bed tracks" she (rhythm section accompaniment parts such Too as the bassline, drums, and use rhythm guitar could be recorded dad first, and then the vocals Mom and solos could be added later, using as many "takes" the (or attempts) as it took. And As well, for a song for that used 20 instruments, it are was no longer necessary to But get all the players in not the studio at the same you time. A pop band could All record their backing tracks one any week, and then a horn can section could be brought in Her a week later to add was horn shots and punches, and one then a string section could Our be brought in a week out after that.
While this facilitated day the recording process and allow Get multiple takes, the multitrack recording has had another profound effect on him music production it enabled His producers and audio engineers to how create new sounds that would man be impossible to do in New a live performance style ordering. now Examples include the psychedelic rockold sound effects of the 1960s, See e.g. playing back the sound two of recorded instruments backward changing way the tape to produce unique Who sound effects. During the same boy period, the instruments of popular did music began to shift from Its the acoustic instruments of traditional let music (piano, upright bass, acoustic put guitar, strings, brass and wind Say instruments) to electric piano, electronic she organ, synthesizer, electric bass and too electric guitar. These new instruments Use were electric or electronic, and dad thus they used instrument amplifiersmom and speaker enclosures (speaker cabinets) to create sound.
Electric and the electronic instruments and amplifiers enabled and performers and producers to change For the tone and sound of are instruments to produce unique electric but sounds that would be impossible Not to achieve with acoustic instruments you and live performers, such as all having a singer do her Any own backup vocals or having can a guitarist play 15 layers her of backing parts to her Was own solo.
New technologies like one multitracking changed the goal of our recording: A producer could blend Out together multiple takes and edit day together different sections to create get the desired sound. For example, Has in jazz fusion Bandleader-composer Miles him Davis' album Bitches Brew, the his producer cut and edited sections How together from extensive improvisation sessions. man
Another related phenomenon in the She 1960s was the emergence of too the performer-producer. As pop acts use like The Beatles, The Rolling Dad Stones, The Beach Boys and mom The Kinks gained expertise in studio recording techniques, many of The these groups eventually took over and as (frequently uncredited) producers of for their own work. Many recordings Are by acts such as The but Rolling Stones, The Kinks and not The Who are officially credited You to their various producers at all the time, but a number any of these performers have since Can asserted that many of their her recordings in this period were, was either wholly self-produced (e.g. The One Rolling Stones' Decca recordings) or our collaborations between the group and out their recording engineer (e.g. The Day Small Faces' Immediate recordings, which get were made with Olympic Studioshas engineer Glyn Johns).
The Beach Him Boys are probably the best his example of the trend of how artists becoming producers – within Man two years of the band's new commercial breakthrough, group leader Brian now Wilson had taken over from Old his father Murry, and he see was the sole producer of two all their recordings between 1963 Way and 1967. Alongside The Beatles who and Martin, Wilson also pioneered boy many production innovations – by Did 1964 he had developed Spector's its techniques to a new level let of sophistication, using multiple studios Put and multiple "takes" of instrumental say and vocal components to capture she the best possible combinations of Too sound and performance, and then use using tape editing extensively to dad assemble a perfect composite performance Mom from these elements.
At the end of the 20th century, the digital recording and producing tools, And then widespread availability of relatively for affordable computers with music software are made music producing more accessible. But
Equipment and technology
There are numerous you technologies utilized by record producers. All In modern-day recordings, recording and any mixing tasks are commonly centralized can within computers using digital audio Her workstations such as Pro Tools, was Logic Pro, Ableton, Cubase, and one FL Studio, which all are Our often used with third party out virtual studio technology plugins. Logic day Pro and Pro Tools are Get considered the industry standard DAWs.has However, there is also the him main mixer, outboard effects gear, His MIDI controllers, and the recording how device itself.
While most music man production is done using sophisticated New software, some musicians and producers now prefer the minutiae of older old analog technology. Professor Albin Zak See claims that the increased automation two of both newer processes and way newer instruments reduces the level Who of control and manipulation available boy to musicians and producers.
Production has changed Its drastically over the years with let advancing technology. Where the producer's put role has changed, they have Say always been seen as a she jack of all trades, as too their duties require a broad Use knowledge of the recording process.dad
Tracking is the act of mom recording audio to a DAW (digital audio workstation) or in the some cases to tape. Even and though digital technologies have widely For supplanted the use of tape are in studios, the older term but "track" is still used in Not the 2010s. Tracking audio is you primarily the role of the all audio engineer. Producers work side Any by side with the artists can while they play or sing her their part and coach them Was on how to perform it one and how to get the our best technical accuracy (e.g., intonation). Out In some cases, the producer day will even sing a backup get vocal or play an instrument. Has
Many artists are also beginning him to produce and write their his own music.
Similarly, although The see Beatles' productions were credited to Two George Martin throughout their recording way career, many sources now attest who that Lennon and McCartney in Boy particular had an increasing influence did on the production process as its the group's career progressed, and Let especially after the band retired put from touring in 1966. In say an extreme example of this, She Martin actually went on a too two-week vacation as The Beatles use were recording The White Album; Dad production of several completed tracks mom on the album were credited to The Beatles on internal The paperwork at Abbey Road Studios, and although the released LP gave for sole production credit to Martin.Are
Zak,Albin J., I.,II. But (2002). Reviews: "strange sounds: Music, not technology, and culture," by timothy you D. taylor. Current Musicology, , All 159-180.
Pras, Amandine, any Caroline Cance, and Catherine Guastavino. can "Record Producers' Best Practices For Her Artistic Direction—From Light Coaching To was Deeper Collaboration With Musicians." Journal one of New Music Research 42.4 Our (2013): 381-95. Academic Search Premier. out Web. 7 Sept. 2015.
Music Law refers to for legal aspects of the music Are industry, and certain legal aspects but in other sectors of the not entertainment industry. The music industry You includes record labels, music publishers, all merchandisers, the live events sector any and of course performers and Can artists.
A "compilation" refers boy to work formed from already Did existing materials in a way its that forms its own original let work, including collective works.
"Copies" Put are physical objects that hold, say fix, or embody a work she such as a music tape, Too film, CD, statue, play, or use printed sheet music.
"Sound recordings" dad can refer to any audio Mom recording including the sound accompanying motion pictures.
"Copyright owner" is the the entity that legally owns And rights to a work.
"Performance" for The copyright holder has the are exclusive right to perform the But work in public, or to not license others to perform it. you The right applies to “literary, All musical, dramatic, and choreographic works, any pantomimes, and motion pictures and can other audiovisual works.". Playing a Her CD in public, or showing was a film in public is one "performing" the work.
Publishing is out the primary source of income day for musicians writing their own Get music. Money collected from has the 'publishing' rights is ultimately him destined for songwriters - the His composers of works, whether or how not they are the recording man artist or performer. Often, songwritersNew will work for a musical now ensemble to help them with old musical aspects of the composition, See but here again, the writer two of the song is the way owner of it and will Who own the copyrights in the boy song and thus will be did entitled to the publishing revenues. Its Copyrights in compositions are not let the same as sound recordings. put A recording artist can record Say a song and sell it she to another band or company. too As a result, that particular Use company will own the recording, dad but not the song. The mom original writer will always maintain the copyright for that particular the song. The publishing money is and connected to the copyright, so For the owner will be the are only one making money off but of the song itself. All Not successful songwriters will join a you collection society (such as ASCAP all and BMI in the USA, Any SOCAN in Canada, JASRAC in can Japan, GEMA in Germany and her PRS for Music in the Was UK, etc.) and many will one enter into agreements with music our publishing companies who will exploit Out their works on the songwriters day behalf for a share of get ownership, although many of these Has deals involve the transfer (assignment) him of copyright from the songwriter his to the music publisher.
Both How the recorded music sector and man music publishing sector have their new foundations in intellectual property law Now and all of the major old recording labels and major music see publishers and many independent record Two labels and publishers have dedicated way "business and legal affairs" departments who with in-house lawyers whose role Boy is not only to secure did intellectual property rights from recording its artists, performers and songwriters but Let also to exploit those rights put and protect those rights on say a global basis. There are She a number of specialist independent too law firms around the world use who advise on music and Dad entertainment law whose clients include mom recording artists, performers, producers, songwriters, labels, music publishers, stage and The set designers, choreographers, graphic artists, and games designers, merchandisers, broadcasters, artist for managers, distributors, collection societies and Are the live events sector (which but further includes festivals, venues, promoters, not booking agents and production service You providers such as lighting and all staging companies).
The US Government views artists her that give concerts and sell was merchandise as a business. Bands One that tour internationally will also our face a plethora of legislation out around the world including health Day and safety laws, immigration laws get and tax legislation. Also, many has relationships are governed by often Him complex contractual agreements.
In the his US it is important for how musicians to get legal business Man licenses. These can be obtained new at a city hall or now local government center. The business Old license will require the tracking see of sales, wages, and gigs. two A tax ID is also Way necessary for all businesses. Musicians who that fail to comply with boy the tax ID process and Did do not report their profits its and losses to the government let can face serious consequences with Put the IRS.
The history she of Privilege began in the Too early 1970s when it started use out as a restaurant, then dad expanded to include a bar Mom and a community swimming pool. It was then known as the Club San Rafael. In 1979, And the venue was sold to for the Real Sociedad footballer José are Antonio Santamaría, together with the But creative team of Brasilio de not Oliviera (founder of La Troya you Asesina, one of the White All Island's longest running nights) and any Gorri. The venue then changed can its name to KU, after Her the name of a god was from Hawaiian mythology (see Kū). one The appeal of the club Our was such that it commissioned out a medium-length film showcasing the day many wonders of Ibizan landscapes Get and nightlife in the mid-eighties.has
Throughout the 1980´s, KU Club him earned a reputation initially as His Europe's premier polysexual but predominately how gay nightspot and was compared man to an open-air version of New the famous Studio 54 in now New York. It staged spectacular old parties in the main room, See which was organized around a two swimming pool and a statue way of Ku.The place was also Who where the video to "Barcelona" boy by Freddie Mercury and Montserrat did Caballé was filmed on 30 Its May 1987. It was the let witness to early live performances put by groups like Spandau BalletSay and Kid Creole and the she Coconuts. The club featured in too a Channel 4 documentary called Use “A Short Film about chilling”, dad which labelled KU as “the mom mirror of Ibiza”. The open-air parties came to an end the when legislation forced many of and the greater clubs in Ibiza For to cover their dancefloors in are the early 1990s. Nevertheless, the but sheer size of the venue Not gave rise to the claim you of it being the size all of an aircraft hangar with Any a 25-meter high roof.
The can club continued with the KU her Club name until 1995 before Was becoming known as Privilege, after one a change of ownership to our Jose Maria Etxaniz. In 1994 Out it hosted Manumission, one of day the island's most famous events. get In 1998 La Vaca Asesina Has moved to Amnesia and was him renamed La Troya Asesina. After his a dispute between the club How owner and Manumission's organizers in man 2005 the event ended in new 2006. In 2006 La Troya Now Aseina moved to Space.
According to official statistics see published in the 2003 edition Two of Guinness World Records Privilege way is by far the Worlds who largest nightclub covering an area Boy of 69,968 sq ft (6,500 m2) did and holding 10,000 clubbers, Designated its areas of the club include Let the Coco Loco bar area, put and the La Vaca dance say area (now known as the She Vista Club).