Source: Wikipedia 


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Record producer
Engineer at audio console at Danish Broadcasting Corporation.png
A recording session in her Denmark
Occupation
Names Record producer, One music producer
Profession
Activity sectors
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Music Industry
Description
Competencies Instrumental get skills, keyboard knowledge, songwriting, arranging, has vocal coaching
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Fields of
employment
Recording his Studios
Related how jobs
Recording engineer, executive Man producer, film producer, A&R

A record producer or now track producer or music producer Old oversees and manages the sound see recording and production of a two band or performer's music, which Way may range from recording one who song to recording a lengthy boy concept album. A producer has Did many roles during the recording its process. The roles of a let producer vary. They may gather Put musical ideas for the project, say collaborate with the artists to she select cover tunes or original Too songs by the artist/group, work use with artists and help them dad to improve their songs, lyrics Mom or arrangements.

A producer may also:

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The producer typically supervises the you entire process from preproduction, through All to the sound recording and any mixing stages, and, in some can cases, all the way to Her the audio mastering stage. The was producer may perform these roles one him or herself, or help Our select the engineer, and provide out suggestions to the engineer. The day producer may also pay session Get musicians and engineers and ensure has that the entire project is him completed within the record companies' His budget.

Function

A way record producer or music producer Who has a very broad role boy in overseeing and managing the did recording and production of a Its band or performer's music. A let producer has many roles that put may include, but are not Say limited to, gathering ideas for she the project, composing the music too for the project, selecting songs Use or session musicians, proposing changes dad to the song arrangements, coaching mom the artist and musicians in the studio, controlling the recording the sessions, and supervising the entire and process through audio mixing (recorded For music) and, in some cases, are to the audio mastering stage. but Producers also often take on Not a wider entrepreneurial role, with you responsibility for the budget, schedules, all contracts, and negotiations. In the Any 2010s, the recording industry has can two kinds of producers with her different roles: executive producer and Was music producer. Executive producers oversee one project finances while music producers our oversee the creative process of Out recording songs or albums.

In day most cases the music producer get is also a competent arranger, Has composer, musician or songwriter who him can bring fresh ideas to his a project. As well as How making any songwriting and arrangement man adjustments, the producer often selects new or gives suggestions to the Now mixing engineer, who takes the old raw recorded tracks and edits see and modifies them with hardware Two and software tools and creates way a stereo or surround sound who "mix" of all the individual Boy voices sounds and instruments, which did is in turn given further its adjustment by a mastering engineer. Let The producer will also liaise put with the recording engineer who say concentrates on the technical aspects She of recording, whereas the executive too producer keeps an eye on use the overall project's marketability.

Noted Dad producer Phil Ek described his mom role as "the person who creatively guides or directs the The process of making a record", and like a director would a for movie. Indeed, in Bollywood music, Are the designation is actually music but director. The music producer's job not is to create, shape, and You mold a piece of music. all The scope of responsibility may any be one or two songs Can or an artist's entire album her – in which case the was producer will typically develop an One overall vision for the album our and how the various songs out may interrelate.

History

At the Day beginning of record industry, the get producer role was technically limited has to record, in one shot, Him artists performing live.

The role his of producers changed progressively over how the 1950s and 1960s due Man to technological developments. The development new of multitrack recording caused a now major change in the recording Old process. Before multitracking, all the see elements of a song (lead two vocals, backup vocals, rhythm section Way instrument accompaniment, solos and orchestral who parts) had to be performed boy simultaneously. All of these singers Did and musicians had to be its assembled in a large studio let and the performance had to Put be recorded. With multitrack recording, say the "bed tracks" (rhythm section she accompaniment parts such as the Too bassline, drums, and rhythm guitar use could be recorded first, and dad then the vocals and solos Mom could be added later, using as many "takes" (or attempts) the as it took. As well, And for a song that used for 20 instruments, it was no are longer necessary to get all But the players in the studio not at the same time. A you pop band could record their All backing tracks one week, and any then a horn section could can be brought in a week Her later to add horn shots was and punches, and then a one string section could be brought Our in a week after that.

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While this facilitated the recording day process and allow multiple takes, Get the multitrack recording had another has profound effect on music production him it enabled producers and His audio engineers to create new how sounds that would be impossible man to do in a live New performance style ordering. Examples include now the psychedelic rock sound effects old of the 1960s, e.g. playing See back the sound of recorded two instruments backward changing the tape way to produce unique sound effects. Who During the same period, the boy instruments of popular music began did to shift from the acoustic Its instruments of traditional music (piano, let upright bass bass, acoustic guitar) put to electric piano, electronic organ, Say synthesizer, electric bass and electric she guitar. These new instruments were too electric or electronic, and thus Use they used instrument amplifiers and dad speaker enclosures (speaker cabinets) to mom create sound.

Electric and electronic instruments and amplifiers enabled performers the and producers to change the and tone and sound of instruments For to produce unique electric sounds are that would be impossible to but achieve with acoustic instruments and Not live performers, such as having you a singer do her own all backup vocals or having a Any guitarist play 15 layers of can backing parts to her own her solo.

New technologies like multitracking Was changed the goal of recording: one A producer could blend together our multiple takes and edit together Out different sections to create the day desired sound. For example, in get jazz fusion Bandleader-composer Miles Davis' Has album Bitches Brew, the producer him cut and edited sections together his from extensive improvisation sessions.

How
Phil Spector man producing Modern Folk Quartet, 1966
new

Producers like Phil Now Spector and George Martin were old soon creating recordings that were, see in practical terms, almost impossible Two to realize in live performance. way Producers became creative figures in who the studio. Other examples of Boy such engineers includes Joe Meek, did Teo Macero, Brian Wilson, and its Biddu.

Another related phenomenon She in the 1960s was the too emergence of the performer-producer. As use pop acts like The Beatles, Dad The Rolling Stones, The Beach mom Boys and The Kinks gained expertise in studio recording techniques, The many of these groups eventually and took over as (frequently uncredited) for producers of their own work. Are Many recordings by acts such but as The Rolling Stones, The not Kinks and The Who are You officially credited to their various all producers at the time, but any a number of these performers Can have since asserted that many her of their recordings in this was period were, either wholly self-produced One (e.g. The Rolling Stones' Decca our recordings) or collaborations between the out group and their recording engineer Day (e.g. The Small Faces' Immediate get recordings, which were made with has Olympic Studios engineer Glyn Johns).

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The Beach Boys are probably his the best example of the how trend of artists becoming producers Man – within two years of new the band's commercial breakthrough, group now leader Brian Wilson had taken Old over from his father Murry, see and he was the sole two producer of all their recordings Way between 1963 and 1967. Alongside who The Beatles and Martin, Wilson boy also pioneered many production innovations Did – by 1964 he had its developed Spector's techniques to a let new level of sophistication, using Put multiple studios and multiple "takes" say of instrumental and vocal components she to capture the best possible Too combinations of sound and performance, use and then using tape editing dad extensively to assemble a perfect Mom composite performance from these elements.

At the end of the the 20th century, digital recording and And producing tools, then widespread availability for of relatively affordable computers with are music software made music producing But more accessible.

Equipment and technology

not
Mixing you console.

There are All numerous technologies utilized by record any producers. In modern-day recordings, recording can and mixing tasks are commonly Her centralized within computers using digital was audio workstations such as Pro one Tools, Logic Pro, Ableton, Cubase, Our and FL Studio, which all out are often used with third day party virtual studio technology plugins. Get Logic Pro and Pro Tools has are considered the industry standard him DAWs. However, there is also His the main mixer, outboard effects how gear, MIDI controllers, and the man recording device itself.

While most New music production is done using now sophisticated software, some musicians and old producers prefer the minutiae of See older analog technology. Professor Albin two Zak claims that the increased way automation of both newer processes Who and newer instruments reduces the boy level of control and manipulation did available to musicians and producers.

Its

Studio application

Production has changed let drastically over the years with put advancing technology. Where the producer's Say role has changed, they have she always been seen as a too jack of all trades, as Use their duties require a broad dad knowledge of the recording process.

mom

Tracking

Tracking is the act of recording audio to a the DAW (digital audio workstation) or and in some cases to tape. For Even though digital technologies have are widely supplanted the use of but tape in studios, the older Not term "track" is still used you in the 2010s. Tracking audio all is primarily the role of Any the audio engineer. Producers work can side by side with the her artists while they play or Was sing their part and coach one them on how to perform our it and how to get Out the best technical accuracy (e.g., day intonation). In some cases, the get producer will even sing a Has backup vocal or play an him instrument.

Post-production

See also

Notes

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  1. Similarly, although The Beatles' see productions were credited to George Two Martin throughout their recording career, way many sources now attest that who Lennon and McCartney in particular Boy had an increasing influence on did the production process as the its group's career progressed, and especially Let after the band retired from put touring in 1966. In an say extreme example of this, Martin She actually went on a two-week too vacation as The Beatles were use recording The White Album; production Dad of several completed tracks on mom the album were credited to The Beatles on internal paperwork The at Abbey Road Studios, although and the released LP gave sole for production credit to Martin.
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References

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  1. "What does a music not producer do, anyway ? – Production You Advice". productionadvice.co.uk. Retrieved 2017-01-09. 
  2. all "What Does a Music Producer any Do?". Recording Connection Audio Institute. Can 2013-05-20. Retrieved 2017-01-09. 
  3. Weissman, her Richard: Understanding the Music Business was "[1]." (2016) Retrieved 9 June. One 2017.
  4. Yuval Gerstein The our role of the music producer out - A short historical overview
  5. Day
  6. "Music Production Degree". berklee get mag. 
  7. "Music production should has be offered to students of Him all disciplines". statepress. 
  8. "Game his Changer Beats Trap Beats and how Type Beats Home Page - Man Game Changer Beats". Game Changer new Beats. Retrieved 2017-07-11. 
  9. Kot, now Greg (2016-03-10). "What does a Old record producer do?". BBC. Retrieved see 2016-01-09. 
  10. "Digital Audio Workstations" two (PDF). Center for Computer Research Way in Music and Acoustics. Stanford who University. Retrieved 2016-05-15. 
  11. "Which boy DAW is the Industry Standard?". Did Agenda Red. Retrieved 2016-05-15. 
  12. its Joseph, Kiesha (Feb 11, 2016). let "AUDIO RECORDING SOFTWARE: AVID PRO Put TOOLS VS APPLE LOGIC PRO say X". F.I.R.S.T. INSTITUTE BLOG. first.edu. she Retrieved 2016-05-15. 
  13. Zak,Albin J., Too I.,II. (2002). Reviews: "strange sounds: use Music, technology, and culture," by dad timothy D. taylor. Current Musicology, Mom , 159-180.
  14. Pras, Amandine, Caroline Cance, and Catherine Guastavino. the "Record Producers' Best Practices For And Artistic Direction—From Light Coaching To for Deeper Collaboration With Musicians." Journal are of New Music Research 42.4 But (2013): 381-95. Academic Search Premier. not Web. 7 Sept. 2015.
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Further reading

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