Source: Wikipedia 


Record producer
day Engineer at audio console at Danish Broadcasting Corporation.png
A recording session in Denmark
Occupation
Names get Record producer, music producer
Occupation type
Has Profession
Activity sectors
Music Industry
Description
Competencies Instrumental him skills, keyboard knowledge, songwriting, arranging, his vocal coaching
Fields of
employment
Recording Studios
Related How jobs
Recording engineer, executive producer, man film producer, A&R

A record new producer or music producer oversees Now and manages the sound recording old and production of a band see or performer's music, which may Two range from recording one song way to recording a lengthy concept who album. A producer has many, Boy varying roles during the recording did process. They may gather musical its ideas for the project, collaborate Let with the artists to select put cover tunes or original songs say by the artist/group, work with She artists and help them to too improve their songs, lyrics or use arrangements.

A producer may also: Dad

The producer Are typically supervises the entire process but from preproduction, through to the not sound recording and mixing stages, You and, in some cases, all all the way to the audio any mastering stage. The producer may Can perform these roles themself, or her help select the engineer, and was provide suggestions to the engineer. One The producer may also pay our session musicians and engineers and out ensure that the entire project Day is completed within the record get companies' budget.

Function

A new record producer or music producer now has a very broad role Old in overseeing and managing the see recording and production of a two band or performer's music. A Way producer has many roles that who may include, but are not boy limited to, gathering ideas for Did the project, composing the music its for the project, selecting songs let or session musicians, proposing changes Put to the song arrangements, coaching say the artist and musicians in she the studio, controlling the recording Too sessions, and supervising the entire use process through audio mixing (recorded dad music) and, in some cases, Mom to the audio mastering stage. Producers also often take on the a wider entrepreneurial role, with And responsibility for the budget, schedules, for contracts, and negotiations. In the are 2010s, the recording industry has But two kinds of producers with not different roles: executive producer and you music producer. Executive producers oversee All project finances while music producers any oversee the creative process of can recording songs or albums. A Her record producer who produces a was song for another producer without one receiving recognition is a ghost Our producer.

In most cases the out music producer is also a day competent arranger, composer, musician or Get songwriter who can bring fresh has ideas to a project. As him well as making any songwriting His and arrangement adjustments, the producer how often selects or gives suggestions man to the mixing engineer, who New takes the raw recorded tracks now and edits and modifies them old with hardware and software tools See and creates a stereo or two surround sound "mix" of all way the individual voices sounds and Who instruments, which is in turn boy given further adjustment by a did mastering engineer. The producer will Its also liaise with the recording let engineer who concentrates on the put technical aspects of recording, whereas Say the executive producer keeps an she eye on the overall project's too marketability.

Noted producer Phil Ek Use described his role as "the dad person who creatively guides or mom directs the process of making a record", like a director the would a movie. Indeed, in and Bollywood music, the designation is For actually music director. The music are producer's job is to create, but shape, and mold a piece Not of music. The scope of you responsibility may be one or all two songs or an artist's Any entire album – in which can case the producer will typically her develop an overall vision for Was the album and how the one various songs may interrelate.

our

History

At the beginning of Out record industry, the producer role day was technically limited to record, get in one shot, artists performing Has live. The immediate predecessors to him record producers were the artists his and repertoire executives of the How late 1920s and 1930s who man oversaw the "pop" product and new often led session orchestras. That Now was the case of Ben old Selvin at Columbia Records, Nathaniel see Shilkret at Victor Records and Two Bob Haring at Brunswick Records. way By the end of the who 1930s, the first professional recording Boy studios not owned by the did major companies were established, essentially its separating the roles of A&R Let man and producer, although it put wouldn't be until the late say 1940s when the term "producer" She became widely used in the too industry.

The role of producers use changed progressively over the 1950s Dad and 1960s due to technological mom developments. The development of multitrack recording caused a major change The in the recording process. Before and multitracking, all the elements of for a song (lead vocals, backup Are vocals, rhythm section instrument accompaniment, but solos and orchestral parts) had not to be performed simultaneously. All You of these singers and musicians all had to be assembled in any a large studio and the Can performance had to be recorded. her With multitrack recording, the "bed was tracks" (rhythm section accompaniment parts One such as the bassline, drums, our and rhythm guitar could be out recorded first, and then the Day vocals and solos could be get added later, using as many has "takes" (or attempts) as it Him took. As well, for a his song that used 20 instruments, how it was no longer necessary Man to get all the players new in the studio at the now same time. A pop band Old could record their backing tracks see one week, and then a two horn section could be brought Way in a week later to who add horn shots and punches, boy and then a string section Did could be brought in a its week after that.

While this let facilitated the recording process and Put allow multiple takes, the multitrack say recording had another profound effect she on music production it Too enabled producers and audio engineers use to create new sounds that dad would be impossible to do Mom in a live performance style ordering. Examples include the psychedelic the rock sound effects of the And 1960s, e.g. playing back the for sound of recorded instruments backward are changing the tape to produce But unique sound effects. During the not same period, the instruments of you popular music began to shift All from the acoustic instruments of any traditional music (piano, upright bass, can acoustic guitar, strings, brass and Her wind instruments) to electric piano, was electronic organ, synthesizer, electric bass one and electric guitar. These new Our instruments were electric or electronic, out and thus they used instrument day amplifiers and speaker enclosures (speaker Get cabinets) to create sound.

Electric has and electronic instruments and amplifiers him enabled performers and producers to His change the tone and sound how of instruments to produce unique man electric sounds that would be New impossible to achieve with acoustic now instruments and live performers, such old as having a singer do See her own backup vocals or two having a guitarist play 15 way layers of backing parts to Who her own solo.

New technologies boy like multitracking changed the goal did of recording: A producer could Its blend together multiple takes and let edit together different sections to put create the desired sound. For Say example, in jazz fusion Bandleader-composer she Miles Davis' album Bitches Brew, too the producer cut and edited Use sections together from extensive improvisation dad sessions.

Phil Spector mom producing Modern Folk Quartet, 1966

Producers like Phil Spector and the George Martin were soon creating and recordings that were, in practical For terms, almost impossible to realize are in live performance. Producers became but creative figures in the studio. Not Other examples of such engineers you includes Joe Meek, Teo Macero, all Brian Wilson, and Biddu.

Any

Another related phenomenon in Was the 1960s was the emergence one of the performer-producer. As pop our acts like The Beatles, The Out Rolling Stones, The Beach Boys day and The Kinks gained expertise get in studio recording techniques, many Has of these groups eventually took him over as (frequently uncredited) producers his of their own work. Many How recordings by acts such as man The Rolling Stones, The Kinks new and The Who are officially Now credited to their various producers old at the time, but a see number of these performers have Two since asserted that many of way their recordings in this period who were, either wholly self-produced (e.g. Boy The Rolling Stones' Decca recordings) did or collaborations between the group its and their recording engineer (e.g. Let The Small Faces' Immediate recordings, put which were made with Olympic say Studios engineer Glyn Johns).

The She Beach Boys are probably the too best example of the trend use of artists becoming producers – Dad within two years of the mom band's commercial breakthrough, group leader Brian Wilson had taken over The from his father Murry, and and he was the sole producer for of all their recordings between Are 1963 and 1967. Alongside The but Beatles and Martin, Wilson also not pioneered many production innovations – You by 1964 he had developed all Spector's techniques to a new any level of sophistication, using multiple Can studios and multiple "takes" of her instrumental and vocal components to was capture the best possible combinations One of sound and performance, and our then using tape editing extensively out to assemble a perfect composite Day performance from these elements.

At get the end of the 20th has century, digital recording and producing Him tools, then widespread availability of his relatively affordable computers with music how software made music producing more Man accessible.

Equipment and technology

new
Mixing console.

There are now numerous technologies utilized by record Old producers. In modern-day recordings, recording see and mixing tasks are commonly two centralized within computers using digital Way audio workstations such as Pro who Tools, Logic Pro, Ableton, Cubase, boy and FL Studio, which all Did are often used with third its party virtual studio technology plugins. let Logic Pro and Pro Tools Put are considered the industry standard say DAWs. However, there is also she the main mixer, outboard effects Too gear, MIDI controllers, and the use recording device itself.

While most dad music production is done using Mom sophisticated software, some musicians and producers prefer the minutiae of the older analog technology. Professor Albin And Zak claims that the increased for automation of both newer processes are and newer instruments reduces the But level of control and manipulation not available to musicians and producers. you

Studio application

Production has All changed drastically over the years any with advancing technology. Where the can producer's role has changed, they Her have always been seen as was a jack of all trades, one as their duties require a Our broad knowledge of the recording out process.

Tracking is the act day of recording audio to a Get DAW (digital audio workstation) or has in some cases to tape. him Even though digital technologies have His widely supplanted the use of how tape in studios, the older man term "track" is still used New in the 2010s. Tracking audio now is primarily the role of old the audio engineer. Producers work See side by side with the two artists while they play or way sing their part and coach Who them on how to perform boy it and how to get did the best technical accuracy (e.g., Its intonation). In some cases, the let producer will even sing a put backup vocal or play an Say instrument.

Many artists are also she beginning to produce and write too their own music.Casetti, Chris. "Triple Use Threats: 13 Female Singers Who dad Write And Produce Their Own mom Work". VH1 News. VH1 News. Retrieved 20 September 2018.[citation needed]

See all also

Notes

Was
  1. Similarly, although one The Beatles' productions were credited our to George Martin throughout their Out recording career, many sources now day attest that Lennon and McCartney get in particular had an increasing Has influence on the production process him as the group's career progressed, his and especially after the band How retired from touring in 1966. man In an extreme example of new this, Martin actually went on Now a two-week vacation as The old Beatles were recording The White see Album; production of several completed Two tracks on the album were way credited to The Beatles on who internal paperwork at Abbey Road Boy Studios, although the released LP did gave sole production credit to its Martin.

References

Let
  1. "What does a put music producer do, anyway ? – say Production Advice". productionadvice.co.uk. Retrieved 2017-01-09. She
  2. "What Does a too Music Producer Do?". Recording Connection use Audio Institute. 2013-05-20. Retrieved 2017-01-09. Dad
  3. Weissman, Richard: Understanding mom the Music Business "[1]." (2016) Retrieved 9 June. 2017.
  4. The
  5. Yuval Gerstein The role and of the music producer - for A short historical overview
  6. Are
  7. "Music Production Degree". berklee but mag.
  8. "Music production not should be offered to students You of all disciplines". statepress.
  9. all
  10. "Game Changer Beats Trap any Beats and Type Beats Home Can Page - Game Changer Beats". her Game Changer Beats. Retrieved 2017-07-11. was
  11. Kot, Greg (2016-03-10). One "What does a record producer our do?". BBC. Retrieved 2016-01-09.
  12. out
  13. "Digital Audio Workstations" (PDF). Day Center for Computer Research in get Music and Acoustics. Stanford University. has Retrieved 2016-05-15.
  14. "Which Him DAW is the Industry Standard?". his Agenda Red. Retrieved 2016-05-15.
  15. how
  16. Joseph, Kiesha (Feb 11, Man 2016). "AUDIO RECORDING SOFTWARE: AVID new PRO TOOLS VS APPLE LOGIC now PRO X". F.I.R.S.T. INSTITUTE BLOG. Old first.edu. Retrieved 2016-05-15.
  17. see Zak,Albin J., I.,II. (2002). Reviews: two "strange sounds: Music, technology, and Way culture," by timothy D. taylor. who Current Musicology, , 159-180.
  18. boy
  19. Pras, Amandine, Caroline Cance, Did and Catherine Guastavino. "Record Producers' its Best Practices For Artistic Direction—From let Light Coaching To Deeper Collaboration Put With Musicians." Journal of New say Music Research 42.4 (2013): 381-95. she Academic Search Premier. Web. 7 Too Sept. 2015.

Further use reading

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