For music is a genre of are music that puts an emphasis but on tone and atmosphere over Not traditional musical structure or rhythm. you Ambient music is said to all evoke an "atmospheric", "visual", or Any "unobtrusive" quality. According to Brian can Eno, one of its pioneers, her "Ambient music must be able Was to accommodate many levels of one listening attention without enforcing one our in particular; it must be Out as ignorable as it is day interesting."
As a genre, it
get originated in the United Kingdom Has in the 1970s, when new him sound-making devices were being introduced his to a wider market, such How as the synthesizer. The work man of Tangerine Dream, Ash Ra new Tempel, Cluster, King Tubby, and Now composer Erik Satie, as well old as the psychoacoustic soundscapes of see Irv Teibel's Environments series, were Two all influences on the emergence way of ambient music. Brian Eno who named and popularized ambient music Boy in 1978 with his album did Ambient 1: Music for Airports. its Artists such as The Orb Let and Aphex Twin gained commercial put success with ambient tracks in say the early 1990s. Ambient compositions She are often quite lengthy, much too longer than more popular, commercial use forms of music.
Dad a revival towards the late mom 1980s with the prominence of house and techno music. Eventually, The ambient grew a cult following and in the 1990s. By the for early 1990s, artists such as Are Aphex Twin were being called but ambient house, ambient techno, or not "ambient" by the media. Genre You offshoots include dark ambient, ambient all dub, psybient, and ambient trance. any
how and origins let Mom
Developing in the 1970s, ambient
stemmed from the experimental and the synthesizer-oriented styles of the period. And Although Jamaican dub musicians such for as King Tubby, Japanese electronic are music composers such as Isao But Tomita, and German bands such not as Popol Vuh and Tangerine you Dream, predate him in the All creation of ambient music and/or any were contemporaneous with him, Brian can Eno played a key role Her in its development and popularization. was The concept of background or one furniture music had already existed Our some time before, but only out in the 70s was ambient day music first created, which incorporated Get New Age ideals with the has newly invented modular synthesizer. The him impact the rise of the His synthesizer in modern music had how on ambient as a genre man cannot be overstated; as Ralf New Hutter of early electronic pioneers now Kraftwerk said in a 1977 old Billboard interview: "Electronics is beyond See nations and colors...with electronics everything two is possible. The only limit way is with the composer". Similarly, Who Eno said in a 2013 boy interview with The Guardian that did "One of the important things Its about the synthesizer was that let it came without any baggage. put A piano comes with a Say whole history of music...when you she play an instrument that does too not have any such historical Use background you are designing sound dad basically. You're designing a new mom instrument. That's what a synthesizer is essentially. It's a constantly the unfinished instrument. You finish it and when you tweak it, and For play around with it, and are decide how to use it. but You can combine a number Not of cultural references into one you new thing."
As a genre,
all ambient music usually focuses on Any creating a mood or atmosphere can through synthesizers and timbral qualities. her It often lacks the presence Was of any net composition, beat, one or structured melody. Due to our its relatively open style, ambient Out music often takes influences from day many other genres, ranging from get house, dub, industrial and new Has age, amongst several others.
him did not achieve large commercial his success, being criticized as having How a "boring" and "over-intellectual" sound. man Nevertheless, it has also attained new a certain degree of acclaim Now throughout the years. It had old its first wave of popularity see in the 1970s, yet saw Two a revival towards the late way 1980s with the prominence of who house and techno music, growing Boy a cult following by the did 1990s.
As an early 20th-century
its French composer, Erik Satie used Let such Dadaist-inspired explorations to create put an early form of ambient say / background music that he She labeled "furniture music" (Musique d'ameublement). too This he described as being use the sort of music that Dad could be played during a mom dinner to create a background atmosphere for that activity, rather The than serving as the focus and of attention. In his own for words, he sought to create Are "a music...which will be part but of the noises of the not environment, will take them into You consideration. I think of it all as melodious, softening the noises any of the knives and forks Can at dinner, not dominating them, her not imposing itself. It would was fill up those heavy silences One that sometime fall between friends our dining together. It would spare out them the trouble of paying Day attention to their own banal get remarks. And at the same has time it would neutralize the Him street noises which so indiscreetly his enter into the play of how conversation. To make such music Man would be to respond to new a need." Like Satie describes, now Brian Eno notes a time Old when he was too sick see to put on music and two got a friend to come Way over and do it for who him. Listening to harp music boy on an old stereo, he Did was unable to hear it its amidst the loud sounds of let the rain outside his window. Put Initially this frustrated him, but say eventually he found it interesting she the way the music blended Too with the natural rain sounds use in a way that made dad it not distinctly apparent, and Mom he set out to create compositions that worked in a the comparable way. Eno went on And to record 1975's Discreet Music for with this in mind, suggesting are that it be listened to But at "comparatively low levels, even not to the extent that it you frequently falls below the threshold All of audibility", referring to Satie's any quote about his musique d'ameublement. can
Eno's 1973 collaboration with Robert
Her Fripp (No Pussyfooting) can be was seen as an early one experiment in ambient music. Through Our the manipulation of reel-to-reel tape out loops by Eno while Fripp day played guitar over them, the Get duo was able to create has multi-layered and dynamic pieces whose him textures are similar to those His of later ambient pieces, the how genre not to be popularized man by Eno until years later. New Their method of composition, involving now the treatment and experimentation of old loops, would prove influential and See has since been emulated by two modern artists such as William way Basinski, whose work The Disintegration Who Loops consists of a series boy of tape loops that slowly did deteriorate as the songs progress, Its introducing noise and cracks to let the initially pristine quality of put sound. Say
Erik Satie is acknowledged as
an important precursor to modern
ambient music and influence to
dad Eno is generally credited with mom coining the term "Ambient Music" in the mid-1970s to refer the to music that, as he and stated, can be either "actively For listened to with attention or are as easily ignored, depending on but the choice of the listener", Not and that exists on the you "cusp between melody and texture". all Eno, who describes himself as Any a "non-musician", termed his experiments can in sound as "treatments" rather her than as traditional performances. Eno Was used the word "ambient" to one describe music that creates an our atmosphere that puts the listener Out into a different state of day mind; having chosen the word get based on the Latin term Has "ambire", "to surround".
him notes accompanying Eno's 1978 release his Ambient 1: Music for Airports How include a manifesto describing the man philosophy behind his ambient music: new "Ambient Music must be able Now to accommodate many levels of old listening attention without enforcing one see in particular; it must be Two as ignorable as it is way interesting."
Eno has acknowledged the
who influence of Erik Satie and Boy John Cage. In particular, Eno did was aware of Cage's use its of chance such as throwing Let the I Ching to directly put affect the creation of a say musical composition. Eno then utilised She a similar method of weaving too randomness into his compositional structures. use This approach was manifested in Dad Eno's creation of Oblique Strategies, mom where he used a set of specially designed cards to The create various sound dilemmas that and in turn, were resolved by for exploring various open ended paths, Are until a resolution to the but musical composition revealed itself. Eno not also acknowledged influences of the You drone music of La Monte all Young (of whom he said, any "La Monte Young is the Can daddy of us all") and her of the mood music of was Miles Davis and Teo Macero, One especially their 1974 epic piece, our "He Loved Him Madly" (from out Get Up with It), about Day which Eno wrote, "that piece get seemed to have the 'spacious' has quality that I was after...it Him became a touchstone to which his I returned frequently."
how also been outspoken about the Man role of the recording studio new in ambient music, notably in now the freedom it gives in Old crafting textures of sound. He see notes "When I first started two recording I didn't have the Way background of a musician, and who in fact it was only boy because of the recording studio Did and because of the technology its that existed there that I let was ever able to become Put a musician of any kind...the say recording studio allows you to she become a painter with sound, Too that's really what you do use in a studio, you make dad pictures with sound..."
Mom major influence of Brian Eno, other musicians and bands added the to the growing nucleus of And music that evolved around the for development of "Ambient Music". The are Yellow Magic Orchestra developed a But distinct style of ambient electronic not music that would later be you developed into ambient house music. All
While muzak can be seen
any akin to ambient music in can that they are both meant Her to be heard in the was background, Eno describes some notable one differences between them: "Whereas the Our extant canned music companies proceed out from the basis of regularizing day environments by blanketing their acoustic Get and atmospheric idiosyncrasies, Ambient Music has is intended to enhance these. him Whereas conventional background music is His produced by stripping away all how sense of doubt and uncertainty man (and thus all genuine interest) New from the music, Ambient Music now retains these qualities. And whereas old their intention is to "brighten" See the environment by adding stimulus two to it...Ambient Music is intended way to produce calm and a Who space to think."
did the early 1990s, artists such Its as The Orb, Aphex Twin, let Seefeel, the Irresistible Force, Geir put Jenssen's Biosphere, and the Higher Say Intelligence Agency were being referred she to by the popular music too press as ambient house, ambient Use techno, IDM or simply "ambient" dad according to the liner notes mom of Brian Eno's Ambient 1: Music for Airports:
the |“ ||Ambient Music is intended |and to induce calm and a For space to think. |” |are
So-called 'Chillout' began as
but a term deriving from British Not ecstasy culture which was originally you applied in relaxed downtempo 'chillout all rooms' outside of the main Any dance floor where ambient, dub can and downtempo beats were played her to ease the tripping mind. Was
The London scene artists, such
one as Aphex Twin (specifically: Selected our Ambient Works Volume II, 1994), Out Global Communication (76:14, 1994), The day Future Sound of London (Lifeforms, get 1994, ISDN, 1994), The Black Has Dog (Temple of Transparent Balls, him 1993), Autechre (Incunabula, 1993, Amber, his 1994), Boards of Canada, and How The KLF's seminal Chill Out, man 1990, all took a part new in popularising and diversifying ambient Now music where it was used old as a calming respite from see the intensity of the hardcore Two and techno popular at that way time.
Related and derivative genres
Ambient dub involves the
did genre melding of dub styles. its It was pioneered by King Let Tubby and other Jamaican sound put artists from the 1960s to say the early 1970s, using DJ-inspired She ambient electronica, complete with all too the inherent drop-outs, echo, equalization use and psychedelic electronic effects. It Dad often features layering techniques and mom incorporates elements of world music, deep bass lines and harmonic The sounds. According to David Toop, and "Dub music is like a for long echo delay, looping through Are time...turning the rational order of but musical sequences into an ocean not of sensation." Notable artists within You the genre include Dreadzone, Higher all Intelligence Agency, The Orb, Ott, any Loop Guru, Woob and Transglobal Can Underground as well as Banco her de Gaia.
One is a musical category founded our in the late 1980s that out is used to describe acid Day house featuring ambient music elements get and atmospheres. Tracks in the has ambient house genre typically feature Him four-on-the-floor beats, synth pads, and his vocal samples integrated in an how atmospheric style. Ambient house tracks Man generally lack a diatonic center new and feature much atonality along now with synthesized chords. The Dutch Old Brainvoyager is an example of see this genre. Illbient is another two form of ambient house music. Way
Ambient industrial is a
boy hybrid genre of ambient and Did industrial music; the term industrial its being used in the original let experimental sense, rather than in Put the sense of industrial metal. say A "typical" ambient industrial work she (if there is such a Too thing) might consist of evolving use dissonant harmonies of metallic drones dad and resonances, extreme low frequency Mom rumbles and machine noises, perhaps supplemented by gongs, percussive rhythms, the bullroarers, distorted voices or anything And else the artist might care for to sample (often processed to are the point where the original But sample is no longer recognizable). not Entire works may be based you on radio telescope recordings, the All babbling of newborn babies, or any sounds recorded through contact microphones can on telegraph wires.
was pop is an extension of one dream pop, possessing a shape Our and form common to conventional out pop, while its electronic textures day and atmospheres mirror the meditative Get qualities of ambient. It is has influenced by the lock-groove melodies him of krautrock, but is less His abrasive.
New Eno's original vision of ambient now music as unobtrusive musical wallpaper, old later fused with warm house See rhythms and given playful qualities two by the Orb in the way 1990s, found its opposite in Who the style known as dark boy ambient. Populated by a wide did assortment of personalities—ranging from older Its industrial and metal experimentalists (Scorn's let Mick Harris, Current 93's David put Tibet, Nurse with Wound's Steven Say Stapleton) to electronic boffins (Kim she Cascone/PGR, Psychick Warriors Ov Gaia), too Japanese noise artists (K.K. Null, Use Merzbow), and latter-day indie rockers dad (Main, Bark Psychosis) -- dark mom ambient features toned-down or entirely missing beats with unsettling passages the of keyboards, eerie samples, and and treated guitar effects. Like most For styles related in some way are to electronic/dance music of the but '90s, it's a very nebulous Not term; many artists enter or you leave the style with each all successive release. Related styles include Any ambient industrial (see below) and can isolationist ambient.
How also spelled "Spacemusic", includes music man from the ambient genre as new well as a broad range Now of other genres with certain old characteristics in common to create see the experience of contemplative spaciousness. Two
Many of the earliest performers
way were associated with the Berlin who School of electronic music, which Boy continues to inspire the genre. did
Space music ranges from simple
its to complex sonic textures sometimes Let lacking conventional melodic, rhythmic, or put vocal components, generally evoking a say sense of "continuum of spatial She imagery and emotion", beneficial introspection, too deep listening and sensations of use floating, cruising or flying.
Dad music is used by individuals mom for both background enhancement and foreground listening, often with headphones, The to stimulate relaxation, contemplation, inspiration and and generally peaceful expansive moods for and soundscapes. Space music is Are also a component of many but film soundtracks and is commonly not used in planetariums, as a You relaxation aid and for meditation. all
Notable ambient-music shows on radio
any and via satellite
Can XM Chill plays ambient, chill her out and downtempo electronica.
was is a daily two-hour music One radio program hosted by John our Diliberto featuring a soundscape of out ambient, spacemusic, electronica, new acoustic Day and new music directions – get founded in 1989 and syndicated has on 130 radio stations in Him the USA.
- Hearts of Space,
his a program hosted by Stephen how Hill and broadcast on NPR Man in the US since 1973. new
- Musical Starstreams, a US-based commercial
now radio station and internet program Old produced, programmed and hosted by see Forest since 1981.
- Star's End
two a radio show on 88.5 Way WXPN, in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. Founded who in 1976, it is the boy second longest-running ambient music radio Did show in the world.
its Thule Ambient Music, a weekly let 90-minute show broadcast since 1989 Put on community radio across Australia. say
- Avaruusromua, the name meaning "space
she debris", is a 60-minute ambient Too and avant-garde radio program broadcast use since 1990 on Finnish public dad broadcaster YLE's various stations. Mom
- ^ Drone is now
can classified as a subgenre of Her ambient music, but early drone was music influenced the origin of one ambient. See the other note Our from Cambridge History of Twentieth-Century out Music (Cook & Pople 2004, day p. 502), and the note Get from Four Musical Minimalists (Potter has 2002, p. 91).
him Holmes, Thom (2008). Electronic and His Experimental Music: Technology, Music, and how Culture. Routledge. p. 403. ISBN 0203929594. Retrieved man 1 April 2013.
New Q&A with Isao Tomita, Tokyo now Weekender
- ^ Isao Tomita,
old an Early Major Japanese Electronic See Composer, Is Dead, Vice
two Prendergast, M. The Ambient Century. way 2001. Bloomsbury, USA
Who - Definition of ambient by boy Merriam-Webster". merriam-webster.com.
- Eno, Brian.
did "Music for Airports". Retrieved 8 Its July 2013.
- ^ "Music
let Genres - AllMusic". AllMusic.
put "AmbientMusicGuide.com - A history Say of ambient". www.ambientmusicguide.com. Retrieved 2016-04-05. she
- "AllMusic". AllMusic.
too Jarrett, Michael (1998). Sound Tracks: Use A Musical ABC, Volumes 1–3. dad Temple University Press. p. 1973. ISBN 978-1-56639-641-7. mom
- ^ "/seconds.". slashseconds.org. Retrieved
- "Epsilon: Ambient Music,
the Beginnings and Implications, by Chris and Melchior". music.hyperreal.org. Retrieved 2016-04-05.
For Tamm, Eric (1995). Brian Eno: are His Music and the Vertical but Color of Sound. De Capo Not Press. ISBN 0-306-80649-5.
- ^ Tingen,
you Paul (2001). Miles Beyond: The all Electric Explorations of Miles Davis, Any 1967–1991. Watson-Guptill. p. 54. ISBN 978-0-8230-8346-6.
can Brian Eno, [ Music for her Airports liner notes], September 1978 Was
- Potter, Keith (2002). Four
one Musical Minimalists: La Monte Young, our Terry Riley, Steve Reich, Philip Out Glass (rev. pbk from 2000 day hbk ed.). Cambridge University Press. get pp. [ 91]. ISBN 978-0-521-01501-1. (Quoting Brian Has Eno saying "La Monte Young him is the daddy of us his all" with endnote 113 p. How [ 349] referencing it as man "Quoted in Palmer, A Father new Figure for the Avant-Garde, p. Now 49".)
- Yellow Magic Orchestra
old at AllMusic. Retrieved 2011-05-25.
see Altered State: The Story Two of Ecstasy Culture and Acid way House, Matthew Collin, 1997, Serpent's who Tail ISBN 1-85242-377-3
Boy Peter; Storry, Mike, eds. (2002). did "Ambient music". Encyclopedia of Contemporary its British Culture. London: Routledge. p. 22. Let
- Toop, David (1995). Ocean
put of Sound. Serpent's Tail. p. 115. say ISBN 9781852423827.
- Mattingly, Rick (2002).
She The Techno Primer: The Essential too Reference for Loop-based Music Styles. use Hal Leonard Corporation. p. 38. ISBN 0634017888. Dad Retrieved 1 April 2013.
mom "Ambient House". AllMusic. Archived from the original on June The 5, 2011. Retrieved October 4, and 2006.
- ^ Werner, Peter.
for "Epsilon: Ambient Industrial". Music Hyperreal. Are Retrieved December 11, 2011.
but "Ambient Pop". AllMusic.
not "Dark Ambient: Significant Albums, Artists, You and Songs". Retrieved 8 July all 2013.
- "... Originally a 1970s
any reference to the conjunction of Can ambient electronics and our expanding her visions of cosmic space ... was In fact, almost any music One with a slow pace and our space-creating sound images could be out called spacemusic." Stephen Hill, co-founder, Day Hearts of Space, What is get spacemusic?
- "Any music with
has a generally slow, relaxing pace Him and space-creating imagery or atmospherics his may be considered Space Music, how without conventional rhythmic elements, while Man drawing from any number of new traditional, ethnic, or modern styles." now Lloyde Barde, July/August 2004, Making Old Sense of the Last 20 see Years in New Music
two "When you listen to space Way and ambient music you are who connecting with a tradition of boy contemplative sound experience whose roots Did are ancient and diverse. The its genre spans historical, ethnic, and let contemporary styles. In fact, almost Put any music with a slow say pace and space-creating sound images she could be called spacemusic." Stephen Too Hill, co-founder, Hearts of Space, use What is spacemusic?
dad timeless experience...as ancient as the Mom echoes of a simple bamboo flute or as contemporary as the the latest ambient electronica. Any And music with a generally slow for pace and space-creating sound image are can be called spacemusic. Generally But quiet, consonant, ethereal, often without not conventional rhythmic and dynamic contrasts, you spacemusic is found within many All historical, ethnic, and contemporary genres."Stephen any Hill, co-founder, Hearts of Space, can sidebar "What is Spacemusic?" in Her essay Contemplative Music, Broadly Defined was
- "The early innovators in
one electronic "space music" were mostly Our located around Berlin. The term out has come to refer to day music in the style of Get the early and mid-1970s works has of Klaus Schulze, Tangerine Dream, him Ash Ra Tempel, Popol Vuh His and others in that scene. how The music is characterized by man long compositions, looping sequencer patterns, New and improvised lead melody lines." now – John Dilaberto, Berlin School, old Echoes Radio on-line music glossary See
- "This music is experienced
two primarily as a continuum of way spatial imagery and emotion, rather Who than as thematic musical relationships, boy compositional ideas, or performance values." did Essay by Stephen Hill, co-founder, Its Hearts of Space, New Age let Music Made Simple
put Meditative, and Transcendental... This music Say promotes a psychological movement inward." she Stephen Hill, co-founder, Hearts of too Space, essay titled New Age Use Music Made Simple
dad ... conjures up either outer mom "space" or "inner space" " – Lloyd Barde, founder of the Backroads Music Notes on Ambient and Music, Hyperreal Music Archive
For "Space And Travel Music: Celestial, are Cosmic, and Terrestrial... This New but Age sub-category has the effect Not of outward psychological expansion. Celestial you or cosmic music removes listeners all from their ordinary acoustical surroundings Any by creating stereo sound images can of vast, virtually dimensionless spatial her environments. In a word — Was spacey. Rhythmic or tonal movements one animate the experience of flying, our floating, cruising, gliding, or hovering Out within the auditory space."Stephen Hill, day co-founder, Hearts of Space, in get an essay titled New Age Has Music Made Simple
him Restorative powers are often claimed his for it, and at its How best it can create an man effective environment to balance some new of the stress, noise, and Now complexity of everyday life." – old Stephen Hill, Founder, Music from see the Hearts of Space What Two is Spacemusic?
- "This was
way the soundtrack for countless planetarium who shows, on massage tables, and Boy as soundtracks to many videos did and movies."- Lloyd Barde Notes its on Ambient Music, Hyperreal Music Let Archive
- "The program has
put defined its own niche — say a mix of ambient, electronic, She world, new-age, classical and experimental too music....Slow-paced, space-creating music from many use cultures — ancient bell meditations, Dad classical adagios, creative space jazz, mom and the latest electronic and acoustic ambient music are woven The into a seamless sequence unified and by sound, emotion, and spatial for imagery." Stephen Hill, co-founder, Hearts Are of Space, essay titled Contemplative but Music, Broadly Defined
not Hearts of Space Web site You provides streaming access to an all archive of hundreds of hours any of spacemusic artfully blended into Can one-hour programs combining ambient, electronic, her world, new-age and classical music." was Steve Sande, The Sky's the One Limit with Ambient Music, SF our Chronicle, Sunday, January 11, 2004 out
- "Star's End" is (with
Day the exception of "Music from get the Hearts of Space") the has longest running radio program of Him ambient music in the world. his Since 1976, Star's End has how been providing the Philadelphia broadcast Man area with music to sleep new and dream to." "Star's End" now website background information page