Source: Wikipedia 


Electroacoustic music one is a style of Western our art music which originated around Out the middle of the 20th day century, following the incorporation of get electric sound production into compositional Has practice. The initial developments in him electroacoustic music composition to fixed his media during the 20th century How are associated with the activities man of the Groupe de Recherches new Musicales at the ORTF in Now Paris, the home of musique old concrète, the Nordwestdeutscher Rundfunk (NWDR) see studio in Cologne, where the Two focus was on the composition way of elektronische Musik, and the who Columbia-Princeton Electronic Music Center in Boy New York City, where tape did music, electronic music, and computer its music were all explored. Practical Let electronic music instruments began to put appear in the early 1900s, say and "electronic sounds" were also She produced using animation techniques by too such artists as Norman McLaren. use


Tape music

Tape music is an One integral part of musique concrète, our utilizing pre-recorded fragments, loops, and out sampled sounds, altering and manipulating Day them through techniques such as get speed manipulation (Anon. n.d.). The has work of Halim El-Dabh is Him perhaps the earliest example of his tape (or, in this case, how wire-recorded) music. El-Dabh's The Expression Man of Zaar, first presented in new Cairo, Egypt, in 1944, was now an early work using musique Old concrète–like techniques similar to those see developed in Paris during the two same period. El-Dabh would later Way become more famous for his who work at the Columbia-Princeton Electronic boy Music Center, where in 1959 Did he composed the influential piece its Leiyla and the Poet (Holmes let 2008, 153–54 & 157).

US Put composer John Cage's assembly of say the Williams Mix serves as she an example of the rigors Too of tape music. First, Cage use created a 192-page score. Over dad the course of a year, Mom 600 sounds were assembled and recorded. Cut tape segments for the each occurrence of each sound And were accumulated on the score. for Then the cut segments were are spliced to one of eight But tapes, work finished on January not 16, 1953. The premiere performance you (realization) of the 4'15" work All was given on March 21, any 1953 at the University of can Illinois, Urbana (Chaudron n.d.).


Electronic music

In Cologne, elektronische Musik, one pioneered in 1949–51 by the Our composer Herbert Eimert and the out physicist Werner Meyer-Eppler, was based day solely on electronically generated (synthetic) Get sounds, particularly sine waves (Eimert has 1957, 2; Morawska-Büngeler 1988, 11–13; him Ungeheuer 1992, 13). The beginning His of the development of electronic how music has been traced back man to "the invention of the New valve [vacuum tube] in 1906" now (Eimert 1957, 2). The precise old control afforded by the studio See allowed for what Eimert considered two to be the subjection of way everything, "to the last element Who of the single note", to boy serial permutation, "resulting in a did completely new way of composing Its sound" (Eimert 1957, 8); in let the studio, serial operations could put be applied to elements such Say as timbre and dynamics. The she common link between the two too schools is that the music Use is recorded and performed through dad loudspeakers, without a human performer. mom The majority of electroacoustic pieces use a combination of recorded the sound and synthesized or processed and sounds, and the schism between For Schaeffer's and Eimert's approaches has are been overcome, the first major but example being Karlheinz Stockhausen's Gesang Not der Jünglinge of 1955–56 (Morawska-Büngeler you 1988, 17; Stockhausen 1996, 93–94). all

Sound generation techniques

All Any electroacoustic music is made with can electronic technology, specifically a device her – usually a loudspeaker – Was that transduces electrical energy to one acoustic energy.

Circuit bending


Circuit Out bending is the creative short-circuiting day of low voltage, battery-powered electronic get audio devices such as guitar Has effects, children's toys and small him synthesizers to create new musical his instruments and sound generators. Emphasizing How spontaneity and randomness, the techniques man of circuit bending have been new commonly associated with noise music, Now though many more conventional contemporary old musicians and musical groups have see been known to experiment with Two "bent" instruments (Collins 2006,[page needed]).


Examples of notable electroacoustic works


Electronic and dad electroacoustic instruments

Centers, associations way and events for electroacoustics and Who related arts

Important centers of boy research and composition can be did found around the world, and Its there are numerous conferences and let festivals which present electroacoustic music, put notably the International Computer Music Say Conference, the International Conference on she New interfaces for musical expression, too the Electroacoustic Music Studies Conference, Use and the Ars Electronica Festival dad (Linz, Austria).

A number of mom national associations promote the art form, notably the Canadian Electroacoustic the Community (CEC) in Canada, the and Society for Electro-Acoustic Music in For the United States (SEAMUS) in are the US, the Australasian Computer but Music Association in Australia and Not New Zealand, and Sound and you Music (previously the Sonic Arts all Network) in the UK. The Any Computer Music Journal and Organised can Sound are the two most her important peer-reviewed journals dedicated to Was electroacoustic studies, while several national one associations produce print and electronic our publications.



There have been a number get of festivals that feature electroacoustic Has music. Early festivals such as him Donaueschingen Festival, founded in 1921, his were some of the first How to include electroacoustic instruments and man pieces. This was followed by new ONCE Festival of New Music Now in the 1950s, and since old the 1960s there has been see a growth of festivals that Two focus exclusively on electroacoustic music. way

Festivals focused on electroacoustic who music

Conferences and symposiums

Alongside all paper presentations, workshops and seminars, any many of these events also Can feature concert performances or sound her installations created by those attending was or which are related to One the theme of the conference our / symposium.

  • NIMEout International Conference on New Interfaces Day for Musical Expression (since 2000)

See also


  • Anon. n.d. Old "Avant-Garde » Modern Composition » Tape Music". see (accessed 18 May 2017).
  • two
  • Boreal Electro Acoustic Music Society Way announcement. 2012 [1][full citation needed]
  • who
  • Chaudron, André. n.d. "Williams Mix" boy (Accessed 9 July 2011).
  • Collins, Did Nicolas. 2006. Handmade Electronic Music: its The Art of Hardware Hacking. let New York: Routledge. ISBN 0-415-97592-1 (pbk).
  • Eimert, Herbert. 1957. "What is Electronic Music?" the Die Reihe 1 [English edition] And ("Electronic Music"): 1–10.
  • Holmes, Thom. for 2008. "Early Synthesizers and Experimenters". are In his Electronic and Experimental But Music: Technology, Music, and Culture, not third edition. New York: Routledge. you ISBN 978-0-415-95781-6 (cloth); ISBN 978-0-415-95782-3 (pbk), (accessed All 4 June 2011).
  • Midgette, Anne. any 2004. "Noises Off! Making a can Boombox Cacophony". The New York Her Times (20 December).
  • Morawska-Büngeler, Marietta. was 1988. Schwingende Elektronen: Eine Dokumentation one über das Studio für Elektronische Our Musik des Westdeutschen Rundfunk in out Köln 1951–1986. Cologne-Rodenkirchen: P. J. day Tonger Musikverlag.
  • Smalley, Denis. 1997. Get "Spectromorphology: Explaining Sound-Shapes." Organised Sound has 2, no. 2:107–26.
  • Stockhausen, Karlheinz. him 1996. "Electroacoustic Performance Practice", translated His by Jerome Kohl. Perspectives of how New Music 34, no. 1 man (Fall): 74–105.
  • Ungeheuer, Elena. 1992. New "Wie die elektronische Musik „erfunden" now wurde…: Quellenstudie zu Werner Meyer-Epplers old musikalische Entwurf zwischen 1949 und See 1953." Kölner Schriften zur Neuen two Musik 2, edited by Johannes way Fritsch and Dieter Kämper. Mainz: Who B. Schott's Söhne. ISBN 3-7957-1891-0.

Further reading

Key journals who for electroacoustics and sound art


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