Ambient music is a
Old genre of music that puts see an emphasis on tone and two atmosphere over traditional musical structure Way or rhythm. Ambient music is who said to evoke an "atmospheric", boy "visual", or "unobtrusive" quality. According Did to Brian Eno, one of its its pioneers, "Ambient music must let be able to accommodate many Put levels of listening attention without say enforcing one in particular; it she must be as ignorable as Too it is interesting."
use genre, it originated in the dad United Kingdom in the 1970s, Mom when new sound-making devices were being introduced to a wider the market, such as the synthesizer. And The work of Tangerine Dream, for Ash Ra Tempel, Cluster, King are Tubby, and composer Erik Satie, But as well as the psychoacoustic not soundscapes of Irv Teibel's Environments you series, were all influences on All the emergence of ambient music. any Brian Eno named and popularized can ambient music in 1978 with Her his album Ambient 1: Music was for Airports. Artists such as one The Orb and Aphex Twin Our gained commercial success with ambient out tracks in the early 1990s. day Ambient compositions are often quite Get lengthy, much longer than more has popular, commercial forms of music. him
Ambient had a revival towards
His the late 1980s with the how prominence of house and techno man music. Eventually, ambient grew a New cult following in the 1990s. now By the early 1990s, artists old such as Aphex Twin were See being called ambient house, ambient two techno, or "ambient" by the way media. Genre offshoots include dark Who ambient, ambient dub, psybient, and boy ambient trance. the
Precursors and origins
Developing in the
How 1970s, ambient stemmed from the man experimental and synthesizer-oriented styles of new the period. Although Jamaican dub Now musicians such as King Tubby, old Japanese electronic music composers such see as Isao Tomita, and German Two bands such as Popol Vuh way and Tangerine Dream, predate him who in the creation of ambient Boy music and/or were contemporaneous with did him, Brian Eno played a its key role in its development Let and popularization. The concept of put background or furniture music had say already existed some time before, She but only in the 70s too was ambient music first created, use which incorporated New Age ideals Dad with the newly invented modular mom synthesizer. The impact the rise of the synthesizer in modern The music had on ambient as and a genre cannot be overstated; for as Ralf Hutter of early Are electronic pioneers Kraftwerk said in but a 1977 Billboard interview: "Electronics not is beyond nations and colors...with You electronics everything is possible. The all only limit is with the any composer". Similarly, Eno said in Can a 2013 interview with The her Guardian that "One of the was important things about the synthesizer One was that it came without our any baggage. A piano comes out with a whole history of Day music...when you play an instrument get that does not have any has such historical background you are Him designing sound basically. You're designing his a new instrument. That's what how a synthesizer is essentially. It's Man a constantly unfinished instrument. You new finish it when you tweak now it, and play around with Old it, and decide how to see use it. You can combine two a number of cultural references Way into one new thing."
who a genre, ambient music usually boy focuses on creating a mood Did or atmosphere through synthesizers and its timbral qualities. It often lacks let the presence of any net Put composition, beat, or structured melody. say Due to its relatively open she style, ambient music often takes Too influences from many other genres, use ranging from house, dub, industrial dad and new age, amongst several Mom others.
Ambient did not achieve
large commercial success, being criticized the as having a "boring" and And "over-intellectual" sound. Nevertheless, it has for also attained a certain degree are of acclaim throughout the years. But It had its first wave not of popularity in the 1970s, you yet saw a revival towards All the late 1980s with the any prominence of house and techno can music, growing a cult following Her by the 1990s.
was early 20th-century French composer, Erik one Satie used such Dadaist-inspired explorations Our to create an early form out of ambient / background music day that he labeled "furniture music" Get (Musique d'ameublement). This he described has as being the sort of him music that could be played His during a dinner to create how a background atmosphere for that man activity, rather than serving as New the focus of attention. In now his own words, he sought old to create "a music...which will See be part of the noises two of the environment, will take way them into consideration. I think Who of it as melodious, softening boy the noises of the knives did and forks at dinner, not Its dominating them, not imposing itself. let It would fill up those put heavy silences that sometime fall Say between friends dining together. It she would spare them the trouble too of paying attention to their Use own banal remarks. And at dad the same time it would mom neutralize the street noises which so indiscreetly enter into the the play of conversation. To make and such music would be to For respond to a need." Like are Satie describes, Brian Eno notes but a time when he was Not too sick to put on you music and got a friend all to come over and do Any it for him. Listening to can harp music on an old her stereo, he was unable to Was hear it amidst the loud one sounds of the rain outside our his window. Initially this frustrated Out him, but eventually he found day it interesting the way the get music blended with the natural Has rain sounds in a way him that made it not distinctly his apparent, and he set out How to create compositions that worked man in a comparable way. Eno new went on to record 1975's Now Discreet Music with this in old mind, suggesting that it be see listened to at "comparatively low Two levels, even to the extent way that it frequently falls below who the threshold of audibility", referring Boy to Satie's quote about his did musique d'ameublement.
Eno's 1973 collaboration
its with Robert Fripp (No Pussyfooting) Let can be seen as put an early experiment in ambient say music. Through the manipulation of She reel-to-reel tape loops by Eno too while Fripp played guitar over use them, the duo was able Dad to create multi-layered and dynamic mom pieces whose textures are similar to those of later ambient The pieces, the genre not to and be popularized by Eno until for years later. Their method of Are composition, involving the treatment and but experimentation of loops, would prove not influential and has since been You emulated by modern artists such all as William Basinski, whose work any The Disintegration Loops consists of Can a series of tape loops her that slowly deteriorate as the was songs progress, introducing noise and One cracks to the initially pristine our quality of sound. out
Erik Satie is
acknowledged as an important precursor
to modern ambient music and
influence to Brian Eno.
Brian Eno is generally
his credited with coining the term how "Ambient Music" in the mid-1970s Man to refer to music that, new as he stated, can be now either "actively listened to with Old attention or as easily ignored, see depending on the choice of two the listener", and that exists Way on the "cusp between melody who and texture". Eno, who describes boy himself as a "non-musician", termed Did his experiments in sound as its "treatments" rather than as traditional let performances. Eno used the word Put "ambient" to describe music that say creates an atmosphere that puts she the listener into a different Too state of mind; having chosen use the word based on the dad Latin term "ambire", "to surround". Mom
The album notes accompanying Eno's
1978 release Ambient 1: Music the for Airports include a manifesto And describing the philosophy behind his for ambient music: "Ambient Music must are be able to accommodate many But levels of listening attention without not enforcing one in particular; it you must be as ignorable as All it is interesting."
any acknowledged the influence of Erik can Satie and John Cage. In Her particular, Eno was aware of was Cage's use of chance such one as throwing the I Ching Our to directly affect the creation out of a musical composition. Eno day then utilised a similar method Get of weaving randomness into his has compositional structures. This approach was him manifested in Eno's creation of His Oblique Strategies, where he used how a set of specially designed man cards to create various sound New dilemmas that in turn, were now resolved by exploring various open old ended paths, until a resolution See to the musical composition revealed two itself. Eno also acknowledged influences way of the drone music of Who La Monte Young (of whom boy he said, "La Monte Young did is the daddy of us Its all") and of the mood let music of Miles Davis and put Teo Macero, especially their 1974 Say epic piece, "He Loved Him she Madly" (from Get Up with too It), about which Eno wrote, Use "that piece seemed to have dad the 'spacious' quality that I mom was after...it became a touchstone to which I returned frequently." the
Eno has also been outspoken
and about the role of the For recording studio in ambient music, are notably in the freedom it but gives in crafting textures of Not sound. He notes "When I you first started recording I didn't all have the background of a Any musician, and in fact it can was only because of the her recording studio and because of Was the technology that existed there one that I was ever able our to become a musician of Out any kind...the recording studio allows day you to become a painter get with sound, that's really what Has you do in a studio, him you make pictures with sound..." his
Beyond the major influence of
How Brian Eno, other musicians and man bands added to the growing new nucleus of music that evolved Now around the development of "Ambient old Music". The Yellow Magic Orchestra see developed a distinct style of Two ambient electronic music that would way later be developed into ambient who house music.
While muzak can
Boy be seen akin to ambient did music in that they are its both meant to be heard Let in the background, Eno describes put some notable differences between them: say "Whereas the extant canned music She companies proceed from the basis too of regularizing environments by blanketing use their acoustic and atmospheric idiosyncrasies, Dad Ambient Music is intended to mom enhance these. Whereas conventional background music is produced by stripping The away all sense of doubt and and uncertainty (and thus all for genuine interest) from the music, Are Ambient Music retains these qualities. but And whereas their intention is not to "brighten" the environment by You adding stimulus to it...Ambient Music all is intended to produce calm any and a space to think." Can
By the early 1990s,
was artists such as The Orb, One Aphex Twin, Seefeel, the Irresistible our Force, Geir Jenssen's Biosphere, and out the Higher Intelligence Agency were Day being referred to by the get popular music press as ambient has house, ambient techno, IDM or Him simply "ambient" according to the his liner notes of Brian Eno's how Ambient 1: Music for Airports: Man
|“ ||Ambient Music |new is intended to induce calm now and a space to think. Old |” |
see began as a term deriving two from British ecstasy culture which Way was originally applied in relaxed who downtempo 'chillout rooms' outside of boy the main dance floor where Did ambient, dub and downtempo beats its were played to ease the let tripping mind.
The London scene
Put artists, such as Aphex Twin say (specifically: Selected Ambient Works Volume she II, 1994), Global Communication (76:14, Too 1994), The Future Sound of use London (Lifeforms, 1994, ISDN, 1994), dad The Black Dog (Temple of Mom Transparent Balls, 1993), Autechre (Incunabula, 1993, Amber, 1994), Boards of the Canada, and The KLF's seminal And Chill Out, 1990, all took for a part in popularising and are diversifying ambient music where it But was used as a calming not respite from the intensity of you the hardcore and techno popular All at that time.
any derivative genres
Her involves the genre melding of was dub styles. It was pioneered one by King Tubby and other Our Jamaican sound artists from the out 1960s to the early 1970s, day using DJ-inspired ambient electronica, complete Get with all the inherent drop-outs, has echo, equalization and psychedelic electronic him effects. It often features layering His techniques and incorporates elements of how world music, deep bass lines man and harmonic sounds. According to New David Toop, "Dub music is now like a long echo delay, old looping through time...turning the rational See order of musical sequences into two an ocean of sensation." Notable way artists within the genre include Who Dreadzone, Higher Intelligence Agency, The boy Orb, Ott, Loop Guru, Woob did and Transglobal Underground as well Its as Banco de Gaia.
let house put
Ambient house is a musical
Say category founded in the late she 1980s that is used to too describe acid house featuring ambient Use music elements and atmospheres. Tracks dad in the ambient house genre mom typically feature four-on-the-floor beats, synth pads, and vocal samples integrated the in an atmospheric style. Ambient and house tracks generally lack a For diatonic center and feature much are atonality along with synthesized chords. but The Dutch Brainvoyager is an Not example of this genre. Illbient you is another form of ambient all house music.
can is a hybrid genre of her ambient and industrial music; the Was term industrial being used in one the original experimental sense, rather our than in the sense of Out industrial metal. A "typical" ambient day industrial work (if there is get such a thing) might consist Has of evolving dissonant harmonies of him metallic drones and resonances, extreme his low frequency rumbles and machine How noises, perhaps supplemented by gongs, man percussive rhythms, bullroarers, distorted voices new or anything else the artist Now might care to sample (often old processed to the point where see the original sample is no Two longer recognizable). Entire works may way be based on radio telescope who recordings, the babbling of newborn Boy babies, or sounds recorded through did contact microphones on telegraph wires. its
Ambient pop is an
put extension of dream pop, possessing say a shape and form common She to conventional pop, while its too electronic textures and atmospheres mirror use the meditative qualities of ambient. Dad It is influenced by the mom lock-groove melodies of krautrock, but is less abrasive.
Brian Eno's original vision
Are of ambient music as unobtrusive but musical wallpaper, later fused with not warm house rhythms and given You playful qualities by the Orb all in the 1990s, found its any opposite in the style known Can as dark ambient. Populated by her a wide assortment of personalities—ranging was from older industrial and metal One experimentalists (Scorn's Mick Harris, Current our 93's David Tibet, Nurse with out Wound's Steven Stapleton) to electronic Day boffins (Kim Cascone/PGR, Psychick Warriors get Ov Gaia), Japanese noise artists has (K.K. Null, Merzbow), and latter-day Him indie rockers (Main, Bark Psychosis) his -- dark ambient features toned-down how or entirely missing beats with Man unsettling passages of keyboards, eerie new samples, and treated guitar effects. now Like most styles related in Old some way to electronic/dance music see of the '90s, it's a two very nebulous term; many artists Way enter or leave the style who with each successive release. Related boy styles include ambient industrial (see Did below) and isolationist ambient.
its music the
Space music, also spelled "Spacemusic",
And includes music from the ambient for genre as well as a are broad range of other genres But with certain characteristics in common not to create the experience of you contemplative spaciousness.
Many of the
All earliest performers were associated with any the Berlin School of electronic can music, which continues to inspire Her the genre.
Space music ranges
was from simple to complex sonic one textures sometimes lacking conventional melodic, Our rhythmic, or vocal components, generally out evoking a sense of "continuum day of spatial imagery and emotion", Get beneficial introspection, deep listening and has sensations of floating, cruising or him flying.
Space music is used
His by individuals for both background how enhancement and foreground listening, often man with headphones, to stimulate relaxation, New contemplation, inspiration and generally peaceful now expansive moods and soundscapes. Space old music is also a component See of many film soundtracks and two is commonly used in planetariums, way as a relaxation aid and Who for meditation.
Notable ambient-music shows
boy on radio and via satellite did
- Sirius XM Chill plays
Its ambient, chill out and downtempo let electronica.
- Echoes, is a daily
put two-hour music radio program hosted Say by John Diliberto featuring a she soundscape of ambient, spacemusic, electronica, too new acoustic and new music Use directions – founded in 1989 dad and syndicated on 130 radio mom stations in the USA.
of Space, a program hosted the by Stephen Hill and broadcast and on NPR in the US For since 1973.
- Musical Starstreams, a
are US-based commercial radio station and but internet program produced, programmed and Not hosted by Forest since 1981. you
- Star's End a radio show
all on 88.5 WXPN, in Philadelphia, Any Pennsylvania. Founded in 1976, it can is the second longest-running ambient her music radio show in the Was world.
- Ultima Thule Ambient Music,
one a weekly 90-minute show broadcast our since 1989 on community radio Out across Australia.
- Avaruusromua, the name
day meaning "space debris", is a get 60-minute ambient and avant-garde radio Has program broadcast since 1990 on him Finnish public broadcaster YLE's various his stations.
- ^ Drone
did is now classified as a its subgenre of ambient music, but Let early drone music influenced the put origin of ambient. See the say other note from Cambridge History She of Twentieth-Century Music (Cook & too Pople 2004, p. 502), and use the note from Four Musical Dad Minimalists (Potter 2002, p. 91). mom
- ^ Holmes, Thom (2008).
Electronic and Experimental Music: Technology, The Music, and Culture. Routledge. p. 403. and ISBN 0203929594. Retrieved 1 April 2013. for
- ^ Q&A with Isao
Are Tomita, Tokyo Weekender
but Isao Tomita, an Early Major not Japanese Electronic Composer, Is Dead, You Vice
- Prendergast, M. The
all Ambient Century. 2001. Bloomsbury, USA any
- "Ambient - Definition of
Can ambient by Merriam-Webster". merriam-webster.com.
her Eno, Brian. "Music for Airports". was Retrieved 8 July 2013.
One "Music Genres - AllMusic". our AllMusic.
- ^ "AmbientMusicGuide.com -
out A history of ambient". www.ambientmusicguide.com. Day Retrieved 2016-04-05.
- "AllMusic". AllMusic.
- ^ Jarrett, Michael (1998).
has Sound Tracks: A Musical ABC, Him Volumes 1–3. Temple University Press. his p. 1973. ISBN 978-1-56639-641-7.
- ^ "/seconds.".
how slashseconds.org. Retrieved 2016-04-05.
Man Ambient Music, Beginnings and Implications, new by Chris Melchior". music.hyperreal.org. Retrieved now 2016-04-05.
- Tamm, Eric (1995).
Old Brian Eno: His Music and see the Vertical Color of Sound. two De Capo Press. ISBN 0-306-80649-5.
Way Tingen, Paul (2001). Miles who Beyond: The Electric Explorations of boy Miles Davis, 1967–1991. Watson-Guptill. p. 54. Did ISBN 978-0-8230-8346-6.
- Brian Eno, [
its Music for Airports liner notes], let September 1978
- Potter, Keith
Put (2002). Four Musical Minimalists: La say Monte Young, Terry Riley, Steve she Reich, Philip Glass (rev. pbk Too from 2000 hbk ed.). Cambridge use University Press. pp. [ 91]. ISBN 978-0-521-01501-1. dad (Quoting Brian Eno saying "La Mom Monte Young is the daddy of us all" with endnote the 113 p. [ 349] referencing And it as "Quoted in Palmer, for A Father Figure for the are Avant-Garde, p. 49".)
But Magic Orchestra at AllMusic. Retrieved not 2011-05-25.
- ^ Altered State:
you The Story of Ecstasy Culture All and Acid House, Matthew Collin, any 1997, Serpent's Tail ISBN 1-85242-377-3 can
- Childs, Peter; Storry, Mike,
Her eds. (2002). "Ambient music". Encyclopedia was of Contemporary British Culture. London: one Routledge. p. 22.
- Toop, David
Our (1995). Ocean of Sound. Serpent's out Tail. p. 115. ISBN 9781852423827.
day Rick (2002). The Techno Primer: Get The Essential Reference for Loop-based has Music Styles. Hal Leonard Corporation. him p. 38. ISBN 0634017888. Retrieved 1 April His 2013.
- ^ "Ambient House".
how AllMusic. Archived from the original man on June 5, 2011. Retrieved New October 4, 2006.
now Werner, Peter. "Epsilon: Ambient Industrial". old Music Hyperreal. Retrieved December 11, See 2011.
- "Ambient Pop". AllMusic.
- AllMusic. "Dark Ambient: Significant
way Albums, Artists, and Songs". Retrieved Who 8 July 2013.
- "... Originally
boy a 1970s reference to the did conjunction of ambient electronics and Its our expanding visions of cosmic let space ... In fact, almost put any music with a slow Say pace and space-creating sound images she could be called spacemusic." Stephen too Hill, co-founder, Hearts of Space, Use What is spacemusic?
dad music with a generally slow, mom relaxing pace and space-creating imagery or atmospherics may be considered the Space Music, without conventional rhythmic and elements, while drawing from any For number of traditional, ethnic, or are modern styles." Lloyde Barde, July/August but 2004, Making Sense of the Not Last 20 Years in New you Music
- "When you listen
all to space and ambient music Any you are connecting with a can tradition of contemplative sound experience her whose roots are ancient and Was diverse. The genre spans historical, one ethnic, and contemporary styles. In our fact, almost any music with Out a slow pace and space-creating day sound images could be called get spacemusic." Stephen Hill, co-founder, Hearts Has of Space, What is spacemusic? him
- "A timeless experience...as ancient
his as the echoes of a How simple bamboo flute or as man contemporary as the latest ambient new electronica. Any music with a Now generally slow pace and space-creating old sound image can be called see spacemusic. Generally quiet, consonant, ethereal, Two often without conventional rhythmic and way dynamic contrasts, spacemusic is found who within many historical, ethnic, and Boy contemporary genres."Stephen Hill, co-founder, Hearts did of Space, sidebar "What is its Spacemusic?" in essay Contemplative Music, Let Broadly Defined
- "The early
put innovators in electronic "space music" say were mostly located around Berlin. She The term has come to too refer to music in the use style of the early and Dad mid-1970s works of Klaus Schulze, mom Tangerine Dream, Ash Ra Tempel, Popol Vuh and others in The that scene. The music is and characterized by long compositions, looping for sequencer patterns, and improvised lead Are melody lines." – John Dilaberto, but Berlin School, Echoes Radio on-line not music glossary
- "This music
You is experienced primarily as a all continuum of spatial imagery and any emotion, rather than as thematic Can musical relationships, compositional ideas, or her performance values." Essay by Stephen was Hill, co-founder, Hearts of Space, One New Age Music Made Simple our
- "Innerspace, Meditative, and Transcendental...
out This music promotes a psychological Day movement inward." Stephen Hill, co-founder, get Hearts of Space, essay titled has New Age Music Made Simple Him
- "...Spacemusic ... conjures up
his either outer "space" or "inner how space" " – Lloyd Barde, Man founder of Backroads Music Notes new on Ambient Music, Hyperreal Music now Archive
- "Space And Travel
Old Music: Celestial, Cosmic, and Terrestrial... see This New Age sub-category has two the effect of outward psychological Way expansion. Celestial or cosmic music who removes listeners from their ordinary boy acoustical surroundings by creating stereo Did sound images of vast, virtually its dimensionless spatial environments. In a let word — spacey. Rhythmic or Put tonal movements animate the experience say of flying, floating, cruising, gliding, she or hovering within the auditory Too space."Stephen Hill, co-founder, Hearts of use Space, in an essay titled dad New Age Music Made Simple Mom
- " Restorative powers are
often claimed for it, and the at its best it can And create an effective environment to for balance some of the stress, are noise, and complexity of everyday But life." – Stephen Hill, Founder, not Music from the Hearts of you Space What is Spacemusic?
All "This was the soundtrack for any countless planetarium shows, on massage can tables, and as soundtracks to Her many videos and movies."- Lloyd was Barde Notes on Ambient Music, one Hyperreal Music Archive
Our program has defined its own out niche — a mix of day ambient, electronic, world, new-age, classical Get and experimental music....Slow-paced, space-creating music has from many cultures — ancient him bell meditations, classical adagios, creative His space jazz, and the latest how electronic and acoustic ambient music man are woven into a seamless New sequence unified by sound, emotion, now and spatial imagery." Stephen Hill, old co-founder, Hearts of Space, essay See titled Contemplative Music, Broadly Defined two
- "Hill's Hearts of Space
way Web site provides streaming access Who to an archive of hundreds boy of hours of spacemusic artfully did blended into one-hour programs combining Its ambient, electronic, world, new-age and let classical music." Steve Sande, The put Sky's the Limit with Ambient Say Music, SF Chronicle, Sunday, January she 11, 2004
- "Star's End"
too is (with the exception of Use "Music from the Hearts of dad Space") the longest running radio mom program of ambient music in the world. Since 1976, Star's the End has been providing the and Philadelphia broadcast area with music For to sleep and dream to." are "Star's End" website background information but page