Drum and bass
use () (also written Dad as "drum 'n' bass" or mom "drum & bass"; commonly abbreviated as "D&B", "DnB" or "D'n'B"), The is a genre and branch and of electronic music which emerged for from rave and jungle scenes Are in England during the early but 1990s. The style is often not characterised by fast breakbeats (typically You 160–180 beats per minute) with all heavy bass and sub-bass lines, any sampled sources, and synthesizers.
Can popularity of drum and bass her at its commercial peak ran was parallel to several other homegrown One dance styles in the UK our including big beat and hard out house. Drum and bass incorporates Day a number of scenes and get styles. A major influence on has jungle and drum and bass Him was the original Jamaican dub his and reggae sound. Another feature how of the style is the Man complex syncopation of the drum new tracks' breakbeat.
Drum and bass
now subgenres include breakcore, ragga jungle, Old hardstep, darkstep, techstep, neurofunk, ambient see drum and bass, liquid funk, two deep, drumfunk, funkstep, sambass, dnbnoise, Way and drill 'n' bass. From who its roots in the UK, boy the style has established itself Did around the world. Drum and its bass has influenced many other let genres like hip hop, big Put beat, dubstep, house, trip hop, say ambient music, techno, rock and she pop. Drum and bass is Too dominated by a relatively small use group of record labels. The dad major international music labels had Mom shown very little interest in the drum and bass scene, the until BMG Rights Management acquired And RAM in February 2016. . for Drum and bass remains most are popular in the UK although But it has developed scenes all not around the world, in countries you such as the United States, All Germany, the Netherlands, Belgium, New any Zealand, Bulgaria, Canada, Austria, the can Czech Republic, Slovakia and Australia. Her
In the late 1980s and
she early 1990s, a growing nightclub too and overnight outdoor event culture Use gave birth to a new dad electronic music style in the mom rave scene, which combined sampled syncopated beats or breakbeats, and the other samples from a wide and range of different musical genres For and, occasionally, samples of music, are dialogue and effects from films but and television programmes. A faster Not subgenre was known as "hardcore" you but from as early as all 1991, some musical tracks made Any up of these high-tempo break can beats, with heavy basslines and her samples of older Jamaican music, Was were referred to as "jungle one techno", a genre influenced by our Jack Smooth and Basement Records, Out and later just "jungle", which day became recognised as a separate get musical genre popular at raves Has and on pirate radio in him Britain. It is important to his note when discussing the history How of drum and bass that man prior to jungle, the music new was getting faster and more Now experimental. Professional DJ and producer old C.K. states, "There was a see progression as far as the Two speed of music is concerned. way Anyone buying vinyl every week who from 1989 to 1992 noticed Boy this."
By 1994, jungle had
did begun to gain mainstream popularity its and fans of the music Let (often referred to as junglists) put became a more recognisable part say of youth subculture. The genre She further developed, incorporating and fusing too elements from a wide range use of existing musical genres, including Dad the raggamuffin sound, dancehall, MC mom chants, dub basslines, and increasingly complex, heavily edited breakbeat percussion. The Despite the affiliation with the and ecstasy-fuelled rave scene, jungle also for inherited some associations with violence Are and criminal activity, both from but the gang culture that had not affected the UK's hip-hop scene You and as a consequence of all jungle's often aggressive or menacing any sound and themes of violence Can (usually reflected in the choice her of samples). However, this developed was in tandem with the often One positive reputation of the music our as part of the wider out rave scene and dancehall-based Jamaican Day music culture prevalent in London. get By 1995, whether as a has reaction to, or independently of Him this cultural schism, some jungle his producers began to move away how from the ragga-influenced style and Man create what would become collectively new labelled, for convenience, as drum now and bass.
As the genre
Old became generally more polished and see sophisticated technically, it began to two expand its reach from pirate Way radio to commercial stations and who gain widespread acceptance (circa 1995–1997). boy It also began to split Did into recognisable subgenres such as its jump-up and Hardstep. As a let lighter and often jazz-influenced style Put of drum and bass gained say mainstream appeal, additional subgenres emerged she including techstep (circa 1996–1997) which Too drew greater influence from techno use music and the soundscapes of dad science fiction and anime films. Mom
The popularity of drum and
bass at its commercial peak the ran parallel to several other And homegrown dance styles in the for UK including big beat and are hard house. But towards the But turn of the millennium its not popularity was deemed to have you dwindled as the UK garage All style known as speed garage any yielded several hit singles. Speed can garage shared high tempos and Her heavy basslines with drum and was bass, but otherwise followed the one established conventions of "house music", Our with this and its freshness out giving it an advantage commercially. day London DJ/producer C.K. says, "It Get is often forgotten by my has students that a type of him music called "garage house" existed His in the late 1980s alongside how hip house, acid house and man other forms of house music." New He continues, "This new garage now of the mid 90s was old not a form of house See or a progression of garage two house. The beats and tempo way that define house are entirely Who different. This did cause further boy confusion in the presence of did new house music of the Its mid-1990s being played alongside what let was now being called garage." put Despite this, the emergence of Say further subgenres and related styles she such as liquid funk brought too a wave of new artists Use incorporating new ideas and techniques, dad supporting continual evolution of the mom genre. To this day drum and bass makes frequent appearances the in mainstream media and popular and culture including in television, as For well as being a major are reference point for subsequent genres but such as grime and dubstep Not and successful artists including Chase you & Status, Netsky, and Australia's all Pendulum.
Any bass incorporates a number of can scenes and styles, from the her highly electronic, industrial sounds of Was techstep through to the use one of conventional, acoustic instrumentation that our characterise the more jazz-influenced end Out of the spectrum. The sounds day of drum and bass are get extremely varied due to the Has range of influences behind the him music.
Drum and bass
his could at one time be How defined as a strictly electronic man musical genre with the only new "live" element being the DJ's Now selection and mixing of records old during a set. "Live" drum see and bass using electric, electronic Two and acoustic instruments played by way musicians on stage emerged over who the ensuing years of the Boy genre's development.
did Break was the main starting its influence for Drum and Bass. Let Jungle has a distinct African put flow which is "dirty". Drum say and Bass for mainstream UK She was "clean" and formal. A too very obvious and strong influence use on jungle and drum and Dad bass, thanks to the British mom African-Caribbean sound system scene, is the original Jamaican dub and The reggae sound, with pioneers like and King Tubby, Peter Tosh, Sly for & Robbie, Bill Laswell, Lee Are Perry, Mad Professor, Roots Radics, but Bob Marley and Buju Banton not heavily influencing the music. This You influence has lessened with time all but is still evident with any many tracks containing ragga vocals. Can
As a musical style built
her around funk or syncopated rock was and roll breaks, James Brown, One Al Green, Marvin Gaye, Ella our Fitzgerald, Gladys Knight & the out Pips, Billie Holiday, Aretha Franklin, Day Otis Redding, the Supremes, the get Commodores, Jerry Lee Lewis and has even Michael Jackson, are funky Him influences on the music. Jazz his pioneer Miles Davis has been how named as a possible influence. Man Blues artists like Lead Belly, new Robert Johnson, Charlie Patton, Muddy now Waters and B.B King have Old also been cited by producers see as inspirations. Even modern avant-garde two composers such as Henryk Gorecki Way have received mention. One of who the most influential tracks in boy drum and bass history was Did "Amen Brother" by The Winstons its which contains a drum solo let that has since become known Put as the "Amen break", which say after being extensively used in she early hip hop music, went Too on to become the basis use for the rhythms used in dad drum and bass.
Mom released a series of bass-heavy, minimal techno cuts as Reese/The the Reese Project in the late And '80s which were hugely influential for in drum and bass terms. are One of his more famous But basslines (Reese – "Just Want not Another Chance", Incognito Records, 1988) you was indeed sampled on Renegade's All Terrorist and countless others since, any being known simply as the can 'Reese' bassline. He followed these Her up with equally influential (and was bassline-heavy) tracks in the UK one hardcore style as Tronik House Our in 1991–1992. Another Detroit artist out who was important for the day scene is Carl Craig. The Get sampled-up jazz break on Carl has Craig's Bug in the Bassbin him was also influential on the His newly emerging sound, DJs at how the Rage club used to man play it pitched up (increased New speed) as far as their now Technics record decks would go. old
By the late 1980s and
See early 1990s the tradition of two breakbeat use in hip hop way production had influenced the sound Who of breakbeat hardcore, which in boy turn led to the emergence did of jungle, drum and bass, Its and other genres that shared let the same use of broken put beats. Drum and bass shares Say many musical characteristics with hip-hop, she though it is nowadays mostly too stripped of lyrics. Grandmaster Flash, Use Roger Troutman, Afrika Bambaata, Run dad DMC, Mac Dre, Public Enemy, mom Schooly D, N.W.A, Kid Frost, Wu-Tang Clan, Dr. Dre, Mos the Def, Beastie Boys and the and Pharcyde are very often directly For sampled, regardless of their general are influence.
Clearly drum and bass
but has been influenced by other Not music genres, though influences from you sources external to the electronic all dance music scene perhaps lessened Any following the shifts from jungle can to drum and bass, and her through to so-called "intelligent drum Was and bass" and techstep. It one still remains a fusion music our style.
Some tracks are illegally
Out remixed and released on white day label (technically bootleg), often to get acclaim. For example, DJ Zinc's Has remix of The Fugees' "Ready him or Not", also known as his "Fugee Or Not", was eventually How released with the Fugees' permission man after talk of legal action, new though ironically the Fugees' version Now infringed Enya's copyright to an old earlier song. White labels along see with dubplates play an important Two part in drum and bass way musical culture.
Drum and bassline
The genre places great
Boy importance on the "bass line", did a deep sub-bass musical pattern its which can be felt physically Let through powerful sound systems due put to the low-range frequencies favoured. say There has been considerable exploration She of different timbres in the too bass line region, particularly within use techstep. The bass lines most Dad notably originate from sampled sources mom or synthesizers. Bass lines performed with a bass instrument, whether The it is electric, acoustic or and a double bass, are less for common but examples can be Are found in the work of but artists such as Shapeshifter, Squarepusher, not Pendulum, Roni Size and STS9. You
Roland TR-808 Rhythm Composer, produced
1980–1984, had a bass drum
sound which became very important
in Drum and bass.
Of equal importance is
One the TR-808 kick drum, an our artificially pitch-downed or elongated bass out drum sound sampled from Roland's Day classic TR-808 drum machine, and get a sound which has been has subject to an enormous amount Him of experimentation over the years. his
The complex syncopation of the
how drum tracks' breakbeat, is another Man facet of production on which new producers can spend a very now large amount of time. The Old Amen break is generally acknowledged see to have been the most-used two (and often considered the most Way powerful) break in drum and who bass.
The Amen break was
boy synonymous with early drum and Did bass productions but other samples its have had a significant impact, let including the Apache, Funky Drummer, Put "Soul Pride", "Scorpio" and "Think say (About It)" breaks.
she and bass tracks have featured Too more than one sampled breakbeat use in them and a technique dad of switching between two breaks Mom after each bar developed. Examples of this can be heard the on mid-90s releases such as And J Majik's "Your Sound". A for more recent commonly used break are is the Tramen, which combines But the Amen break, a James not Brown funk breakbeat ("Tighten Up" you or "Samurai" break) and an All Alex Reece drum and bass any breakbeat.
The relatively fast drum
can beat forms a canvas on Her which a producer can create was tracks to appeal to almost one any taste and often will Our form only a background to out the other elements of the day music. Syncopated breakbeats remain the Get most distinctive element as without has these a high-tempo 4/4 dance him track could be classified as His techno or gabber.
how and bass is usually between man 160–180 BPM, in contrast to New other breakbeat-based dance styles such now as nu skool breaks, which old maintain a slower pace at See around 130–140 BPM. A general two upward trend in tempo has way been observed during the evolution Who of drum and bass. The boy earliest forms of drum and did bass clocked in at around Its 130 bpm in 1990/1991, speeding let up to around 155–165 BPM put by 1993. Since around 1996, Say drum and bass tempos have she predominantly stayed in the 170–180 too range. Recently some producers have Use started to once again produce dad tracks with slower tempos (that mom is, in the 150s and 160s), but the mid-170 tempo the is still the hallmark of and the drum and bass sound. For
A track combining the same
are elements (broken beat, bass, production but techniques) as a drum and Not bass track, but with a you slower tempo (say 140 BPM), all might not be drum and Any bass but a drum and can bass-influenced breakbeat track.
Drum and bass exhibits a
our full frequency response which can Out only be appreciated on sound day systems which can handle very get low frequencies, including sub-bass frequencies Has that are often felt more him than heard. As befits its his name, the bass element of How the music is particularly pronounced, man with the comparatively sparse arrangements new of drum and bass tracks Now allowing room for basslines that old are deeper than most other see forms of dance music. Consequently, Two drum and bass parties are way often advertised as featuring uncommonly who loud and bass-heavy sound systems. Boy
There are however many albums
did specifically designed for personal listening. its The mix CD is a Let particularly popular form of release, put with a big name DJ/producer say mixing live, or on a She computer, a variety of tracks too for personal listening. Additionally, there use are many albums containing unmixed Dad tracks, suited for home or mom car listening.
Many mixing points
begin or end with the The "drop". The drop is the and point in a track where for a switch of rhythm or Are bassline occurs and usually follows but a recognisable build section and not "breakdown". Sometimes the drop is You used to switch between tracks, all layering components of different tracks, any though as the two records Can may be simply ambient breakdowns her at this point, though some was DJs prefer to combine breakbeats, One a more difficult exercise. Some our drops are so popular that out the DJ will "rewind" or Day "reload" or "lift up" by get spinning the record back and has restarting it at the build. Him "The drop" is often a his key point from the point how of view of the dance Man floor, since the drumbreaks often new fade out to leave an now ambient intro playing. When the Old beats re-commence they are often see more complex and accompanied by two a heavier bassline, encouraging the Way crowd to dance.
who has declined in popularity, DJs boy are often accompanied by one Did or more MCs, drawing on its the genre's roots in hip let hop and reggae/ragga.
Put not generally receive the same say level of recognition as producer/DJs she and some events are specifically Too marketed as being MC free. use There are relatively few well-known dad drum and bass MCs, Stevie Mom Hyper D (deceased), MC GQ, Mc Moose, Mc Dett, Mc the Fearless, The Ragga Twins, Dynamite And MC, MC Fats, MC Conrad, for Shabba D, Skibadee, Bassman, MC are Stamina, MC Fun, Evil B, But Trigga, Eskman, Harry Shotta, Mr not Traumatik and MC Infinity as you examples.
Live drum and bass
in 2009 at Pirate Station
the world's largest drum and
bass festival at that time,
one musicians have adapted drum and Our bass to live performances, which out feature instruments such as drums day (acoustic or electronic), samplers, synthesizers, Get turntables, bass (either upright or has electric) and guitars (acoustic or him electric). Samplers have also been His used live by assigning samples how to a specific drum pad man or key on drum pads New or synthesizers. MCs are frequently now featured in live performances.
old of drum and bass artists See who perform using live instruments two
Congo Natty, a
ragga jungle artist
Smaller scenes within the drum
the and bass community have developed and and the scene as a For whole has become much more are fractured into specific subgenres, including: but
- Drumstep or Halftime is
Not a combination of drum and you bass and dubstep where the all beat structure is half time, Any while the remaining elements still can adhere to the usual sub-bass her and tempo of drum and Was bass.
- Breakcore is a style
one of electronic dance music largely our influenced by hardcore, jungle, digital Out hardcore and industrial music that day is characterized by its use get of heavy kick drums, breaks Has and a wide palette of him sampling sources, played at high his tempos.
- Ragga drum &
How bass was inspired by the man original ragga jungle style, with new influences from reggae and dancehall Now music. Notable artists include Shy old FX, T Power, Congo Natty, see Potential Bad Boy, Marcus Visionary, Two Serial Killaz, Ed Solo, Deekline, way Isaac Maya, Run Tingz Cru, who Psychofreud, Benny Page and vocalists Boy such as David Boomah, Top did Cat, Tenor Fly and General its Levy.
- Hardstep is a
Let harder style which uses gritty put basslines and heavy yet simple say electronic melodies. Notable artists include She Dillinja (early work), DJ Krust, too Mampi Swift, Dieselboy, Current Value, use Tre Technics, MachineCode
Dad is characterized by fast drums mom and a general dark mood, drawing influences from dark ambient, The industrial and hardcore music. Prominent and artists include Technical Itch, Dylan, for Kryptic Minds & Leon Switch, Are B-Key, Resonant Evil, Infiltrata, SPL, but Counterstrike, Evol Intent, The Panacea, not Limewax, and Current Value. You
- Techstep is characterized by sci-fi
all soundscapes and samples from science any fiction culture. Pioneered by artists Can such as Bad Company UK her (DJ Fresh, D-Bridge, Maldini & was Vegas) Ed Rush, Optical, Konflict One (Kemal & Rob Data), Dom our & Roland, Dillinja, Ram Trilogy out (Ant Miles, Andy C & Day Shimon), Moving Fusion, Decoder & get Substance, Digital & Spirit, Future has Cut, Dylan, Loxy & Ink, Him Total Science, D.Kay, Stakka & his Skynet and Keaton with Usual how Suspects or Universal Project, Klute, Man Concord Dawn, and the label new Moving Shadow.
- Neurofunk or Neuro
now is the progression from techstep Old incorporating more elements from jazz see and funk. Prominent artists include two Ed Rush, Matrix, Bad Company Way UK, Cause 4 Concern, TeeBee, who Future Prophecies, Black Sun Empire, boy DLR, Calyx, Hive, Gridlok, Noisia, Did Phace & Misanthrop, Silent Witness its & Break, State Of Mind, let The Upbeats, Chase & Status, Put Jade, Mindscape, Spor, Psidream, Catacomb, say Rregula.
- Jump-up, appearing in
she the mid-1990s, employs heavy and Too energetic drum and bass, characterized use by robotic and heavy bass dad sounds. It also is generally Mom less serious and contains more humor than other subgenres. Notable the artists include DJ Hazard, Generation And Dub (Original Sin & Sub for Zero), Baron, Cabbie, Clipz, Nightwalker, are Callide, Hedex, Epsy, Taxman, Jaydan, But Sub Zero, Original Sin, Annix, not Konichi, Decimal Bass, Spaow, Nu you Elementz, Tyke, DJ Zen, Majistrate, All Twisted Individual, Distorted Minds, TC, any Heist, DJ Guv, Looney, Premium, can Upgrade, DJ Pleasure, DJ Hype Her and his label Playaz Recordings. was
- Ambient drum & bass, Atmospheric
one drum & bass, Intelligent drum Our & bass, Jazzy drum and out bass or Intelligent jungle is day a smoother style, influenced by Get ambient music, chillout, jazz and has Soul music. It was pioneered him by such artists as Omni His Trio, Foul Play, Seba, Blu how Mar Ten, Nookie, Hyper-On-Experience, DJ man Pulse, Higher Sense, Deep Blue New (Sean O'Keefe, Cause4Concern Records), Photek, now Jack Smooth (Basement Records), Blame, old LTJ Bukem and his label See Good Looking Records, and the two label Moving Shadow.
- Jazzstep or
way Jazzy jungle demonstrates heavy influence Who by jazz. It uses typical boy jazz scales, rhythms and instrumentation. did Notable artists include Roni size Its & Reprazent, Goldie, Utah Jazz, let Morgan Sullyvan, Makoto, Alex Reece, put and DJ Dextrous.
- Liquid funk
Say (or simply Liquid) draws heavily she on harmonic and melodic grooves, too and samples from funk, jazz, Use soul, R&B, disco, house and dad breakbeat, while intelligent drum and mom bass or atmospheric drum and bass creates a calmer yet the more synthetic sound. It was and pioneered by Calibre, Zero Tolerance For (Zero T) & Beta 2, are London Elektricity, High Contrast, Logistics, but Nu:Tone, Danny Byrd, Cyantific, Netsky, Not Lenzman, Technimatic (Technicolour & Komatic), you Hobzee & Zyon Base, Paul all T & Edward Oberon, Hybrid Any Minds and labels such as can Hospital Records, Fokuz Records and her Liquid V. The first Liquid Was only events were Liquidiser at one Bristol Academy.
- Sambass (or Brazilian
our drum and bass) incorporates elements Out from samba, bossa nova and day other Latin music styles. Pioneered get by artists such as DJ Has Marky, XRS, DJ Patife and him Bryan Gee's label.
- Drill 'n'
his bass (also known as Fungle How and Spunk jazz) incorporates double-time man drum 'n' bass with undanceable new rhythms, low-brow humor, and ambient Now vibes. The subgenre was developed old by Squarepusher and Aphex Twin, see whose rapid and irregularly syncopated Two basslines discouraged dancing. Other pioneers way include Bogdan Raczynski and Datach'i. who
Boy roots in the UK, which did can still be treated as its the "home" of drum and Let bass, the style has firmly put established itself around the world. say There are strong scenes in She other English-speaking countries including Australia, too Canada, South Africa, the United use States and, New Zealand. It Dad is popular throughout continental Europe, mom and in South America. São Paulo is sometimes called the The drum and bass Ibiza. and Brazilian drum and bass is for sometimes referred to as "sambass", Are with its specific style and but sound. In Venezuela and Mexico, not artists have created their own You forms of drum and bass all combining it with experimental musical any forms. In Colombia there is Can a large underground scene, The her RE.set Label and Bogotá Project was are two collectives that put One on DnB events in the our city, as well as a out twice yearly event called Radikal Day Styles, that brings together local get talent and international big names. has
Austria has a large emerging
Him DnB scene with many artists his such as Camo & Krooked, how Mefjus, Fourward, Body & Soul, Man IllSkillz and mainly the Mainframe new record label being all based now in or around Vienna. Notable Old venues and events include Future see Beatz and Beat It at two Flex held almost every Thursday Way and Saturday, Vollkontakt at Fluc, who Switch at Auslage and the boy monthly Mainframe Recordings Label-Night hosted Did at Arena by label head its Disaszt.
With the Czech Republic
let hosting now the largest Drum Put & Bass festival in the say world, LET IT ROLL, with she attendance approximately 30.000, the influence Too of the genre on the use culture can be felt both dad there and in Slovakia. As Mom the scene in these countries evolves, local producers like A-Cray, the Rido, Forbidden Society, L Plus, And B-Complex, Changing Faces and more for became well-known worldwide, only making are the genre more popular, with But great young talents emerging every not year. There are also many you other Drum & Bass dedicated All festivals being held each year any in these countries, e.g. Trident can Festival, Exploration Festival or Hoofbeats Her Open Air in the summer, was or one night events such one as LET IT ROLL Winter, Our Imagination Festival, LET IT ROLL out Winter Slovakia in the colder day months. During the club season, Get it goes without saying that has promoters are racing between each him other to organise better events, His often resulting in 10 parties how being held during one weekend man with no more than 2 New hour travel between them.
now influenced by drum and bass old
Born around the same time
See as jungle, breakcore and digital two hardcore share many of the way elements of drum and bass Who and to the uninitiated, tracks boy from the extreme end of did drum and bass may sound Its identical to breakcore thanks to let speed, complexity, impact and maximum put sonic density combined with musical Say experimentation. German Drum and Bass she DJ The Panacea is also too one of the leading Digital Use Hardcore artists. Raggacore resembles a dad faster version of the ragga mom influenced jungle music of the 1990s, similar to breakcore but the with more friendly dancehall beats and (dancehall itself being a very For important influence on drum and are bass). Darkcore, a direct influence but on drum and bass, was Not combined with influences of drum you and bass itself leading to all the creation of darkstep. There Any is considerable crossover from the can extreme edges of drum and her bass, breakcore, darkcore, digital hardcore Was and raggacore with fluid boundaries. one
The genre has influenced many
our other genres like hip hop, Out big beat, dubstep, house music, day trip hop, ambient music, techno, get rock and pop, with artists Has such as Bill Laswell, Incubus, him Pitchshifter, Linkin Park, The Roots, his Talvin Singh, MIDIval Punditz, Missy How Elliott, The Freestylers, Bowery Electric, man Nine Inch Nails, David Bowie new (the last two both using Now elements of Goldie's "Timeless") old and others quoting drum and see bass and using drum and Two bass techniques and elements. Recently way created in the United States who is a genre called ghettotech Boy which contains synth and basslines did similar to drum & bass. its
Drum and Bass is dominated
say by a small group of She record labels. These are run too mainly by DJ–producers, such as use London Elektricity's Hospital Records, Andy Dad C and Scott Bourne's RAM, mom Goldie's Metalheadz, Kasra's Critical Music, Basement Records (Jack Smooth), DJ The Friction's Shogun Audio, DJ Fresh's and Breakbeat Kaos, Futurebound's Viper Recordings for and DJ Hype, Pascal, NoCopyrightSounds Are and formerly DJ Zinc's True but Playaz (now known as Real not Playaz as of 2006).
You to 2016, the major international all music labels such as Sony any Music and Universal had shown Can very little interest in the her drum and bass scene, with was the exception of some notable One signings, including Pendulum's In Silico our LP to Warner. Roni Size's out label played a big, if Day not the biggest, part in get the creation of drum and has bass with their dark, baseline Him sounds. V Recordings also played his a large part of the how development of drum and bass. Man Roni Size, Krust and DJ new Die produced some of the now first tracks to be considered Old mainstream drum and bass tracks.
BMG Rights Management acquired
two Ram Records in February 2016 Way , making a strategic investment who to help RAM Records (a boy London-based drum and bass record Did company co-owned by Andy C its and his business partner Scott let Bourne). RAM Records has been Put pushing the boundaries of drum say and bass further into the she mainstream with artists such as Too Chase and Status and Sub use Focus. Bringing back UK jungle dad music artists from LTJ Bukem's Mom label Good Looking artists Bay B Kane, breakbeat hardcore heavyweight the Nebula II and original junglist And Gappa G. Other Bristol labels for such as Cafe Bass have are also helped to push through But a sound categorised as 'bass not music' with the help of you influential artists such as Lone All Ranger.
Now defunct labels,
any include Rob Playford's Moving Shadow, can running from 1990 until 2007, Her which played a pivotal role was in the nineties drum and one bass scene, releasing records by Our artists such as Omni Trio. out
Formats and distribution
day drum and bass was mostly Get sold in 12-inch vinyl single has format. With the emergence of him drum and bass into mainstream His music markets, more albums, compilations how and DJ mixes started to man be sold on CDs. As New digital music became more popular, now websites focused on electronic music, old such as Beatport, began to See sell drum and bass in two digital format.
way bulk of drum and bass Who vinyl records and CDs are boy distributed globally and regionally by did a relatively small number of Its companies such as SRD (Southern let Record Distributors), ST Holdings, & put Nu Urban.
As of 11
Say September 2012, Nu Urban Music she Limited ceased trading and RSM too Tenon were instructed to assist Use in convening statutory meetings of dad members and creditors to appoint mom a liquidator. This left many labels short on sales as the Nu Urban were one of and the main Distributors for the For vinyl market in the drum are and bass scene.
Today, drum and bass is
Not widely promoted throughout the world you using different methods such as all video sharing services (YouTube, Dailymotion), Any blogs, radio and television, the can latter being the most uncommon her method. More recently, music networking Was websites such as SoundCloud and one MixCloud have become powerful tools our for artist recognition, providing a Out vast platform that enables quick day responses to new tracks. Record get labels have adopted the use Has of Podcasts. Prior to the him rise of the internet, drum his and bass was commonly broadcast How over pirate radio.
man three highest profile radio stations new playing drum and bass shows Now are BBC Radio 1 with old The Drum and Bass Show see - formerly with Friction, who Two was replaced with René LaVice way in 2017, simulcast in the who US and Canada on Sirius Boy XM, and DJ Hype on did Kiss 100 in London.
its BBC's "urban" station BBC Radio Let 1Xtra used to feature the put genre heavily, with DJ Bailey say (show axed as of 29/08/2012) She and Crissy Criss (show axed too as of August 2014) as use its advocates. The network also Dad organises a week-long tour of mom the UK each year called Xtra Bass. London pirate radio The stations have been instrumental in and the development of Drum and for Bass, with stations such as Are Kool FM (which continues to but broadcast today having done so not since 1991), Origin FM, Don You FM (the only Drum and all Bass pirate to have gained any a temporary legal license), Renegade Can Radio 107.2FM, Rude FM, Wax her Fm and Eruption among the was most influential.
As of 2014,
One despite higher profile stations such our as 1Xtra scaling back their out drum and bass specialist coverage, Day the genre has made its get way into UK top 10 has charts with drum and bass Him inspired tracks from artists such his as Rudimental and Sigma. Earlier how in August 2014, before Crissy Man Criss' show was axed, the new BBC held a whole prime now time evening event dedicated to Old showcasing drum and bass by see allowing four major labels to two participate.
As of November 2014,
Way there have been 6 drum who & bass songs reaching the boy no.1 spot on the UK's Did top 40 chart, since the its genre was first being played let on the radio, around 1993. Put The first of these was say in 2012. The fact that she all 6 of these songs Too have reached number 1 in use only two years shows the dad increase in popularity and commercialisation Mom of the genre in recent years. The artists that produced the these songs are Sigma, Rudimental And and DJ Fresh (all have for had two No.1 hits).
Internet radio stations, acting
But in the same light as not pirate stations, have also been you an instrumental part in promoting All drum and bass music; the any majority of them funded by can listener and artist donations.
Her and bass was supported by was Ministry of Sound radio from one the early 2000s until 2014 Our and later featuring Tuesday shows out from labels such as Metalheadz, day Fabio & Grooverider, DJ Marky, Get Viper Recordings, Shogun Audio and has Hospital Records. From September 2014, him Ministry abruptly dropped all non-mainstream His genres to focus on mainstream how EDM, causing disappointment amongst the man fans of the D&B community. New
North American Radio
now America, The Prophecy on 89.5 old CIUT-FM With Marcus Visionary, DJ See Prime and Mr. Brown Is two North America's longest running Jungle way Radio show (Toronto), Album Who 88.5 (Atlanta) and C89.5fm (Seattle) boy have shows showcasing drum and did bass. In New York, "DNB Its NYC RADIO" show with Host let Dj Benzocaine on 90.3 WHCR-FM put has a weekly 3 hour Say show which broadcasts in New she York and New Jersey which too plays only Drum and Bass Use every Thursday starting at 3 dad am. "DNB NYC RADIO" is mom the only weekly Drum and Bass show on the FM the dial in Northeastern United States. and Seattle also has a long-standing For electronica show known as Expansions are on 90.3 FM KEXP. The but rotating DJs include Kid Hops, Not whose shows are made up you mostly of drum and bass. all In Columbus, Ohio WCBE 90.5 Any has a two-hour electronic only can showcase, "All Mixed Up," Saturday her nights at 10 pm. At the Was same time WUFM 88.7 plays one its "Electronic Playground." Also, Tulsa, our Oklahoma's rock station, 104.5 The Out Edge, has a two-hour show day starting at 10 pm Saturday nights get called Edge Essential Mix mixed Has by DJ Demko showcasing electronic him and drum and bass style. his While the aforementioned shows in How Ohio rarely play drum and man bass the latter plays the new genre with some frequency. In Now Tucson, Arizona, 91.3 FM KXCI old has a two-hour electronic show see known as "Digital Empire", Friday Two nights at 10 pm (MST). Resident way DJ Trinidad showcases various styles who of electronica, with the main Boy focus being drum and bass, did jungle & dubstep. In Augusta, its Georgia, zarbizarre of the Cereal Let Killaz hosts a show called put FreQuency on WHHD on Friday say nights from 11 pm until 1 am, She showcasing drum and bass during too the 2nd hour of the use show.
The best-known drum
Dad and bass publication was Kmag mom magazine (formerly called Knowledge Magazine) before it went completely online The in August 2009. Although it's and still live, after 20 years for sterling contribution Kmag ceased updating Are their site in Feb 2014. but Kmag's publishing arm Vision, published not Brian Belle-Fortune's All Crews Journeys You Through Jungle Drum & Bass all Culture in 2004.
any include the longest running drum Can and bass magazine worldwide, ATM her Magazine, and Austrian-based Resident. London-based was DJ magazine has also been One running a widely respected drum our and bass reviews page since out 1993, written by Alex Constantinides, Day which many followers refer to get when seeking out new releases has to investigate. In 2012 Alex Him stopped writing the reviews and his they are now contributed by how Whisky Kicks.
Man Crews: Journeys Through Jungle / new Drum and Bass Culture (2005) now by Brian Belle-Fortune (ISBN 0-9548897-0-3), nonfiction Old
- "Roots 'n Future" in Energy
see Flash (1998) by Simon Reynolds, two Picador (ISBN 0-330-35056-0), nonfiction (British edition) Way
- Generation Ecstasy: Into the World
who of Techno and Rave Culture boy (1998) by Simon Reynolds, Routledge. Did (ISBN 0415923735), nonfiction (American edition)
its in the Jungle: The Invisible let History of Drum and Bass Put (2002) by Steven Quinn, in: say Transformations, No 3 (2002), nonfiction she (ISSN 1444-3775) PDF file
- State of
Too Bass: Jungle – The Story use So Far (1997) by Martin dad James, Boxtree (ISBN 0-7522-2323-2), nonfiction
Mom Rough Guide to Drum 'n' Bass (1999) by Peter Shapiro the and Alexix Maryon (ISBN 1-85828-433-3), nonfiction And
- King Rat (1998) by China
for Miéville (ISBN 0-330-37098-7), fiction
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not needs additional citations for verification
you (March 2015) Her one
| |Our | |out
Get second sample. One of the has few drum and bass tracks him regularly played on commercial popular His radio.
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Certain drum and bass
now releases have found mainstream popularity old in their own right, almost See always material prominently featuring vocals. two Perhaps the earliest example was way Goldie's album Timeless from 1995, Who along with Reprazent's Mercury Music boy Prize-winning New Forms from 1997, did 4hero's Mercury-nominated Two Pages from Its 1998, and Pendulum's Hold Your let Colour in 2005 (the best put selling drum and bass album Say of all time).
she such as Bomberman Hero, Hi-Rez too Studios' Tribes: Ascend, Electronic Arts' Use Need for Speed: Undercover, and dad Rockstar Games' Grand Theft Auto mom series have contained drum and bass tracks. Microsoft Studios' Forza the Horizon 2 and 3 feature and a Hospital Records radio channel. For MSX/MSX 98 radio station in are Grand Theft Auto III and but Grand Theft Auto: Liberty City Not Stories played drum and bass you exclusively.
The genre has
all some popularity in soundtracks; for Any instance, "Ultrasonic Sound" was used can in The Matrix's soundtrack and her the E-Z Rollers' song "Walk Was This Land" appeared in the one film Lock, Stock and Two our Smoking Barrels. Ganja Kru's "Super Out Sharp Shooter" is heard in day the 2006 film Johnny Was. get
The Channel 4 show Skins
Has uses the genre in some him episodes, notably in the first his series' third episode, "Jal", where How Shy FX and UK Apache's man Original Nuttah was played in new Fazers club.
Lately, drum and
Now bass have found more mainstream old popularity than ever with tracks see like Sigma's Nobody to Love Two and Rudimental's Waiting All Night way getting over 100 million views who on YouTube.
Drum and bass
Boy often makes an appearance as did background music, especially in Top its Gear and television commercials thanks Let to its aggressive and energetic put beats. Cartoon Network's Toonami programming say block employs it for television She spots and show intros, like too the 1997 relaunch of SCI use FI Channel segue music by Dad the Jungle Sky label. mom
- ^ Ishkur (2005).
not "Ishkur's guide to Electronic Music". You Retrieved May 29, 2014.
all Reynolds, Simon (2013). Energy Flash: any A Journey Through Rave Music Can and Dance Culture. Soft Skull her Press.
Whether they were black
was or white, these artists reaffirmed One drum and bass's place in our an African continuum (dub, hip out hop James Brown, etc...) whose Day premise constitute a radical break get with Western music, classical and has pop. Him
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his short history of Drum and how Bass". Retrieved June 1, 2014. Man
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let Drum & Bass Powerhouse RAM". Put BMG. 3 February 2016. Retrieved say 18 August 2017.
she Simon (2013). Energy Flash: A Too Journey Through Rave Music and use Dance Culture. Soft Skull Press. dad
So when I talk about
Mom the vibe disappearing from drum and bass, I'm talking about the the blackness going as the And ragga samples get phased out, for the bass loses its reggae are feels and becomes more linear But and propulsive rather than moving not around the beat with a you syncopated relation with the drum. All
any Global Bass on the music can landscape
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Her (2013). Energy Flash: A Journey was Through Rave Music and Dance one Culture. Soft Skull Press.
Our intelligent drum and bass suffers out from a obsessive-compulsive cleanliness, techstep day production is deliberately dirty, all Get dense murk and noxious drones. has
him New Dawn – City Clubs His Take Back The Night article, how Village Voice, February 27, 2001 man
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New rise of live drum and now bass in 2004". Retrieved October old 18, 2006.
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Mom the drum and bass gradually fell into the orbit of the techno, the MC &madash; both And as a samplesource taken from for dancehall and rap records and are as a live partner of But the DJ in the club not &madash; began to disappear from you the music.
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any on youtube.com". Retrieved September 6, can 2006.
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boy of drum 'n' bass characterised did by harsh noise, tonal dissonance Its and a discourse of sonic let violence.
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but like AWOL, the ruling sound Not is the gangsta hard-step and you 'jump up' jungle of labels all like Ganja, Frontline, Dread, Suburban Any Base and Dope Dragon, made can by DJ—producers like Hype, Pascal, her Andy C, Ray Keith, L. Was Double, Shy FX...
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our (2005). "Atmospheric drum and bass". Out Retrieved June 1, 2014.
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who subgenre, exported to the dance Boy clubs and pop charts of did the UK by Brazil's DJ its Marky in the mid-2000s, or Let the Asian drum 'n' breaks put scene, which draws on classical say Indian music, bhangra and Bollywood She film soundtracks.
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too (1 August 1999). Drum 'n' use Bass: The Rough Guide. Rough Dad Guides. p. 207. ISBN 1858284333.
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