Drum and bass
use () (also written Dad as "drum 'n' bass" or mom "drum & bass"; commonly abbreviated as "D&B", "DnB" or "D'n'B") The is a genre and branch and of electronic music which emerged for from rave and jungle scenes Are in England during the early but 1990s. The style is often not characterised by fast breakbeats (typically You 160–180 beats per minute) with all heavy bass and sub-bass lines, any sampled sources, and synthesizers.
Can popularity of drum and bass her at its commercial peak ran was parallel to several other homegrown One dance styles in the UK our including big beat and hard out house. Drum and bass incorporates Day a number of scenes and get styles. A major influence on has jungle and drum and bass Him was the original Jamaican dub his and reggae sound. Another feature how of the style is the Man complex syncopation of the drum new tracks' breakbeat.
Drum and bass
now subgenres include breakcore, ragga jungle, Old hardstep, darkstep, techstep, neurofunk, ambient see drum and bass, liquid funk, two deep, drumfunk, funkstep, sambass, dnbnoise, Way and drill 'n' bass. From who its roots in the UK, boy the style has established itself Did around the world. Drum and its bass has influenced many other let genres like hip hop, big Put beat, dubstep, house, trip hop, say ambient music, techno, rock and she pop. Drum and bass is Too dominated by a relatively small use group of record labels. The dad major international music labels had Mom shown very little interest in the drum and bass scene, the until BMG Rights Management acquired And RAM in February 2016. . for Drum and bass remains most are popular in the UK although But it has developed scenes all not around the world, in countries you such as the United States, All the Netherlands, Belgium, New Zealand, any Bulgaria, Canada, Austria, the Czech can Republic, Slovakia and Australia. Her
Say the late 1980s and early she 1990s, a growing nightclub and too overnight outdoor event culture gave Use birth to a new electronic dad music style in the rave mom scene, which combined sampled syncopated beats or breakbeats, and other the samples from a wide range and of different musical genres and, For occasionally, samples of music, dialogue are and effects from films and but television programmes. A faster subgenre Not was known as "hardcore" but you from as early as 1991, all some musical tracks made up Any of these high-tempo break beats, can with heavy basslines and samples her of older Jamaican music, were Was referred to as "jungle techno", one a genre influenced by Jack our Smooth and Basement Records, and Out later just "jungle", which became day recognised as a separate musical get genre popular at raves and Has on pirate radio in Britain. him It is important to note his when discussing the history of How drum and bass that prior man to jungle, the music was new getting faster and more experimental. Now Professional DJ and producer C.K. old states, "There was a progression see as far as the speed Two of music is concerned. Anyone way buying vinyl every week from who 1989 to 1992 noticed this." Boy
By 1994, jungle had begun
did to gain mainstream popularity and its fans of the music (often Let referred to as junglists) became put a more recognisable part of say youth subculture. The genre further She developed, incorporating and fusing elements too from a wide range of use existing musical genres, including the Dad raggamuffin sound, dancehall, MC chants, mom dub basslines, and increasingly complex, heavily edited breakbeat percussion. Despite The the affiliation with the ecstasy-fuelled and rave scene, jungle also inherited for some associations with violence and Are criminal activity, both from the but gang culture that had affected not the UK's hip-hop scene and You as a consequence of jungle's all often aggressive or menacing sound any and themes of violence (usually Can reflected in the choice of her samples). However, this developed in was tandem with the often positive One reputation of the music as our part of the wider rave out scene and dancehall-based Jamaican music Day culture prevalent in London. By get 1995, whether as a reaction has to, or independently of this Him cultural schism, some jungle producers his began to move away from how the ragga-influenced style and create Man what would become collectively labelled, new for convenience, as drum and now bass.
As the genre became
Old generally more polished and sophisticated see technically, it began to expand two its reach from pirate radio Way to commercial stations and gain who widespread acceptance (circa 1995–1997). It boy also began to split into Did recognisable subgenres such as jump-up its and Hardstep. As a lighter let and often jazz-influenced style of Put drum and bass gained mainstream say appeal, additional subgenres emerged including she techstep (circa 1996–1997) which drew Too greater influence from techno music use and the soundscapes of science dad fiction and anime films.
Mom popularity of drum and bass at its commercial peak ran the parallel to several other homegrown And dance styles in the UK for including big beat and hard are house. But towards the turn But of the millennium its popularity not was deemed to have dwindled you as the UK garage style All known as speed garage yielded any several hit singles. Speed garage can shared high tempos and heavy Her basslines with drum and bass, was but otherwise followed the established one conventions of "house music", with Our this and its freshness giving out it an advantage commercially. London day DJ/producer C.K. says, "It is Get often forgotten by my students has that a type of music him called "garage house" existed in His the late 1980s alongside hip how house, acid house and other man forms of house music." He New continues, "This new garage of now the mid 90s was not old a form of house or See a progression of garage house. two The beats and tempo that way define house are entirely different. Who This did cause further confusion boy in the presence of new did house music of the mid-1990s Its being played alongside what was let now being called garage." Despite put this, the emergence of further Say subgenres and related styles such she as liquid funk brought a too wave of new artists incorporating Use new ideas and techniques, supporting dad continual evolution of the genre. mom To this day drum and bass makes frequent appearances in the mainstream media and popular culture and including in television, as well For as being a major reference are point for subsequent genres such but as grime and dubstep and Not successful artists including Chase & you Status, Netsky, and Australia's Pendulum. all
Drum and bass
Any incorporates a number of scenes can and styles, from the highly her electronic, industrial sounds of techstep Was through to the use of one conventional, acoustic instrumentation that characterise our the more jazz-influenced end of Out the spectrum. The sounds of day drum and bass are extremely get varied due to the range Has of influences behind the music.
Drum and bass could
his at one time be defined How as a strictly electronic musical man genre with the only "live" new element being the DJ's selection Now and mixing of records during old a set. "Live" drum and see bass using electric, electronic and Two acoustic instruments played by musicians way on stage emerged over the who ensuing years of the genre's Boy development.
The amen break
did was the main starting influence its for Drum and Bass. Jungle Let has a distinct African flow put which is "dirty". Drum and say Bass for mainstream UK was She clean and formal. A very too obvious and strong influence on use jungle and drum and bass, Dad thanks to the British African-Caribbean mom sound system scene, is the original Jamaican dub and reggae The sound, with pioneers like King and Tubby, Peter Tosh, Sly & for Robbie, Bill Laswell, Lee Perry, Are Mad Professor, Roots Radics, Bob but Marley and Buju Banton heavily not influencing the music. This influence You has lessened with time but all is still evident with many any tracks containing ragga vocals.
Can a musical style built around her funk or syncopated rock and was roll breaks, James Brown, Al One Green, Marvin Gaye, Ella Fitzgerald, our Gladys Knight & the Pips, out Billie Holiday, Aretha Franklin, Otis Day Redding, the Supremes, the Commodores, get Jerry Lee Lewis and even has Michael Jackson, are funky influences Him on the music. Jazz pioneer his Miles Davis has been named how as a possible influence. Blues Man artists like Lead Belly, Robert new Johnson, Charlie Patton, Muddy Waters now and B.B King have also Old been cited by producers as see inspirations. Even modern avant-garde composers two such as Henryk Gorecki have Way received mention. One of the who most influential tracks in drum boy and bass history was "Amen Did Brother" by The Winstons which its contains a drum solo that let has since become known as Put the "Amen break", which after say being extensively used in early she hip hop music, went on Too to become the basis for use the rhythms used in drum dad and bass.
Kevin Saunderson released
Mom a series of bass-heavy, minimal techno cuts as Reese/The Reese the Project in the late '80s And which were hugely influential in for drum and bass terms. One are of his more famous basslines But (Reese – "Just Want Another not Chance", Incognito Records, 1988) was you indeed sampled on Renegade's Terrorist All and countless others since, being any known simply as the 'Reese' can bassline. He followed these up Her with equally influential (and bassline-heavy) was tracks in the UK hardcore one style as Tronik House in Our 1991–1992. Another Detroit artist who out was important for the scene day is Carl Craig. The sampled-up Get jazz break on Carl Craig's has Bug in the Bassbin was him also influential on the newly His emerging sound, DJs at the how Rage club used to play man it pitched up (increased speed) New as far as their Technics now record decks would go.
old the late 1980s and early See 1990s the tradition of breakbeat two use in hip hop production way had influenced the sound of Who breakbeat hardcore, which in turn boy led to the emergence of did jungle, drum and bass, and Its other genres that shared the let same use of broken beats. put Drum and bass shares many Say musical characteristics with hip-hop, though she it is nowadays mostly stripped too of lyrics. Grandmaster Flash, Roger Use Troutman, Afrika Bambaata, Run DMC, dad Mac Dre, Public Enemy, Schooly mom D, N.W.A, Kid Frost, Wu-Tang Clan, Dr. Dre, Mos Def, the Beastie Boys and the Pharcyde and are very often directly sampled, For regardless of their general influence. are
Clearly drum and bass has
but been influenced by other music Not genres, though influences from sources you external to the electronic dance all music scene perhaps lessened following Any the shifts from jungle to can drum and bass, and through her to so-called "intelligent drum and Was bass" and techstep. It still one remains a fusion music style. our
Some tracks are illegally remixed
Out and released on white label day (technically bootleg), often to acclaim. get For example, DJ Zinc's remix Has of The Fugees' "Ready or him Not", also known as "Fugee his Or Not", was eventually released How with the Fugees' permission after man talk of legal action, though new ironically the Fugees' version infringed Now Enya's copyright to an earlier old song. White labels along with see dubplates play an important part Two in drum and bass musical way culture.
Drum and bassline elements
The genre places great importance
Boy on the "bass line", a did deep sub-bass musical pattern which its can be felt physically through Let powerful sound systems due to put the low-range frequencies favoured. There say has been considerable exploration of She different timbres in the bass too line region, particularly within techstep. use The bass lines most notably Dad originate from sampled sources or mom synthesizers. Bass lines performed with a bass instrument, whether it The is electric, acoustic or a and double bass, are less common for but examples can be found Are in the work of bands but such as Shapeshifter, Squarepusher, Roni not Size and STS9. You
The Roland TR-808
Rhythm Composer, produced 1980–1984, had
a bass drum sound which
became very important in Drum
was equal importance is the TR-808 One kick drum, an artificially pitch-downed our or elongated bass drum sound out sampled from Roland's classic TR-808 Day drum machine, and a sound get which has been subject to has an enormous amount of experimentation Him over the years.
his syncopation of the drum tracks' how breakbeat, is another facet of Man production on which producers can new spend a very large amount now of time. The Amen break Old is generally acknowledged to have see been the most-used (and often two considered the most powerful) break Way in drum and bass.
who Amen break was synonymous with boy early drum and bass productions Did but other samples have had its a significant impact, including the let Apache, Funky Drummer, "Soul Pride", Put "Scorpio" and "Think (About It)" say breaks.
Many drum and bass
she tracks have featured more than Too one sampled breakbeat in them use and a technique of switching dad between two breaks after each Mom bar developed. Examples of this can be heard on mid-90s the releases such as J Majik's And "Your Sound". A more recent for commonly used break is the are Tramen, which combines the Amen But break, a James Brown funk not breakbeat ("Tighten Up" or "Samurai" you break) and an Alex Reece All drum and bass breakbeat.
any relatively fast drum beat forms can a canvas on which a Her producer can create tracks to was appeal to almost any taste one and often will form only Our a background to the other out elements of the music. Syncopated day breakbeats remain the most distinctive Get element as without these a has high-tempo 4/4 dance track could him be classified as techno or His gabber.
Drum and bass
how is usually between 160–180 BPM, man in contrast to other breakbeat-based New dance styles such as nu now skool breaks, which maintain a old slower pace at around 130–140 See BPM. A general upward trend two in tempo has been observed way during the evolution of drum Who and bass. The earliest forms boy of drum and bass clocked did in at around 130 bpm Its in 1990/1991, speeding up to let around 155–165 BPM by 1993. put Since around 1996, drum and Say bass tempos have predominantly stayed she in the 170–180 range. Recently too some producers have started to Use once again produce tracks with dad slower tempos (that is, in mom the 150s and 160s), but the mid-170 tempo is still the the hallmark of the drum and and bass sound.
For combining the same elements (broken are beat, bass, production techniques) as but a drum and bass track, Not but with a slower tempo you (say 140 BPM), might not all be drum and bass but Any a drum and bass-influenced breakbeat can track.
playing the Valve
Sound System with MC IC3
at the Tuesday Club, Sheffield
Out bass exhibits a full frequency day response which can only be get appreciated on sound systems which Has can handle very low frequencies, him including sub-bass frequencies that are his often felt more than heard. How As befits its name, the man bass element of the music new is particularly pronounced, with the Now comparatively sparse arrangements of drum old and bass tracks allowing room see for basslines that are deeper Two than most other forms of way dance music. Consequently, drum and who bass parties are often advertised Boy as featuring uncommonly loud and did bass-heavy sound systems.
its however many albums specifically designed Let for personal listening. The mix put CD is a particularly popular say form of release, with a She big name DJ/producer mixing live, too or on a computer, a use variety of tracks for personal Dad listening. Additionally, there are many mom albums containing unmixed tracks, suited for home or car listening. The
Many mixing points begin or
and end with the "drop". The for drop is the point in Are a track where a switch but of rhythm or bassline occurs not and usually follows a recognisable You build section and "breakdown". Sometimes all the drop is used to any switch between tracks, layering components Can of different tracks, though as her the two records may be was simply ambient breakdowns at this One point, though some DJs prefer our to combine breakbeats, a more out difficult exercise. Some drops are Day so popular that the DJ get will "rewind" or "reload" or has "lift up" by spinning the Him record back and restarting it his at the build. "The drop" how is often a key point Man from the point of view new of the dance floor, since now the drumbreaks often fade out Old to leave an ambient intro see playing. When the beats re-commence two they are often more complex Way and accompanied by a heavier who bassline, encouraging the crowd to boy dance.
Although it has declined
Did in popularity, DJs are often its accompanied by one or more let MCs, drawing on the genre's Put roots in hip hop and say reggae/ragga.
MCs do not generally
she receive the same level of Too recognition as producer/DJs and some use events are specifically marketed as dad being MC free. There are Mom relatively few well-known drum and bass MCs, Stevie Hyper D the (deceased), MC GQ, Mc Moose, And Mc Dett, Mc Fearless, The for Ragga Twins, Dynamite MC, MC are Fats, MC Conrad, Shabba D, But Skibadee, Bassman, MC Stamina, MC not Fun, Evil B, Trigga, Eskman, you Harry Shotta, Mr Traumatik and All MC Infinity as examples.
any drum and bass can
Aphrodite in 2009
at Pirate Station
, the world's
largest drum and bass festival
at that time, in Moscow.
Many musicians have
out adapted drum and bass to day live performances, which feature instruments Get such as drums (acoustic or has electronic), samplers, synthesizers, turntables, bass him (either upright or electric) and His guitars (acoustic or electric). Samplers how have also been used live man by assigning samples to a New specific drum pad or key now on drum pads or synthesizers. old MCs are frequently featured in See live performances.
List of drum
two and bass artists who perform way using live instruments
Congo Natty, a
ragga jungle artist
Smaller scenes within the drum
and and bass community have developed For and the scene as a are whole has become much more but fractured into specific subgenres, including: Not
- Drumstep or Halftime is
you a combination of drum and all bass and dubstep where the Any beat structure is half time, can while the remaining elements still her adhere to the usual sub-bass Was and tempo of drum and one bass.
- Breakcore is a style
our of electronic dance music largely Out influenced by hardcore, jungle, digital day hardcore and industrial music that get is characterized by its use Has of heavy kick drums, breaks him and a wide palette of his sampling sources, played at high How tempos.
- Ragga drum &
man bass was inspired by the new original ragga jungle style, with Now influences from reggae and dancehall old music. Notable artists include Shy see FX, T Power, Congo Natty, Two Potential Bad Boy, Marcus Visionary, way Serial Killaz, Ed Solo, Deekline, who Isaac Maya, Run Tingz Cru, Boy Psychofreud, Benny Page and vocalists did such as David Boomah, Top its Cat, Tenor Fly and General Let Levy.
- Hardstep is a
put harder style which uses gritty say basslines and heavy yet simple She electronic melodies. Notable artists include too Dillinja (early work), DJ Krust, use Mampi Swift, Dieselboy, Current Value, Dad Tre Technics, MachineCode
mom is characterized by fast drums and a general dark mood, The drawing influences from dark ambient, and industrial and hardcore music. Prominent for artists include Technical Itch, Dylan, Are Kryptic Minds & Leon Switch, but B-Key, Resonant Evil, Infiltrata, SPL, not Counterstrike, Evol Intent, The Panacea, You Limewax, and Current Value. all
- Techstep is characterized by sci-fi
any soundscapes and samples from science Can fiction culture. Pioneered by artists her such as Bad Company UK was (DJ Fresh, D-Bridge, Maldini & One Vegas) Ed Rush, Optical, Konflict our (Kemal & Rob Data), Dom out & Roland, Dillinja, Ram Trilogy Day (Ant Miles, Andy C & get Shimon), Moving Fusion, Decoder & has Substance, Digital & Spirit, Future Him Cut, Dylan, Loxy & Ink, his Total Science, D.Kay, Stakka & how Skynet and Keaton with Usual Man Suspects or Universal Project, Klute, new Concord Dawn, and the label now Moving Shadow.
- Neurofunk or Neuro
Old is the progression from techstep see incorporating more elements from jazz two and funk. Prominent artists include Way Ed Rush, Matrix, Bad Company who UK, Cause 4 Concern, TeeBee, boy Future Prophecies, Black Sun Empire, Did DLR, Calyx, Hive, Gridlok, Noisia, its Phace & Misanthrop, Silent Witness let & Break, State Of Mind, Put The Upbeats, Chase & Status, say Jade, Mindscape, Spor, Psidream, Catacomb, she Rregula.
- Jump-up, appearing in
Too the mid-1990s, employs heavy and use energetic drum and bass, characterized dad by robotic and heavy bass Mom sounds. It also is generally less serious and contains more the humor than other subgenres. Notable And artists include DJ Hazard, Generation for Dub (Original Sin & Sub are Zero), Baron, Cabbie, Clipz, Nightwalker, But Callide, Hedex, Epsy, Taxman, Jaydan, not Sub Zero, Original Sin, Annix, you Konichi, Decimal Bass, Spaow, Nu All Elementz, Tyke, DJ Zen, Majistrate, any Twisted Individual, Distorted Minds, TC, can Heist, DJ Guv, Looney, Premium, Her Upgrade, DJ Pleasure, DJ Hype was and his label Playaz Recordings. one
- Ambient drum & bass, Atmospheric
Our drum & bass, Intelligent drum out & bass, Jazzy drum and day bass or Intelligent jungle is Get a smoother style, influenced by has ambient music, chillout, jazz and him Soul music. It was pioneered His by such artists as Omni how Trio, Foul Play, Seba, Blu man Mar Ten, Nookie, Hyper-On-Experience, DJ New Pulse, Higher Sense, Deep Blue now (Sean O'Keefe, Cause4Concern Records), Photek, old Jack Smooth (Basement Records), Blame, See LTJ Bukem and his label two Good Looking Records, and the way label Moving Shadow.
- Jazzstep or
Who Jazzy jungle demonstrates heavy influence boy by jazz. It uses typical did jazz scales, rhythms and instrumentation. Its Notable artists include Roni size let & Reprazent, Goldie, Utah Jazz, put Morgan Sullyvan, Makoto, Alex Reece, Say and DJ Dextrous.
- Liquid funk
she (or simply Liquid) draws heavily too on harmonic and melodic grooves, Use and samples from funk, jazz, dad soul, R&B, disco, house and mom breakbeat, while intelligent drum and bass or atmospheric drum and the bass creates a calmer yet and more synthetic sound. It was For pioneered by Calibre, Zero Tolerance are (Zero T) & Beta 2, but London Elektricity, High Contrast, Logistics, Not Nu:Tone, Danny Byrd, Cyantific, Netsky, you Lenzman, Technimatic (Technicolour & Komatic), all Hobzee & Zyon Base, Paul Any T & Edward Oberon, Hybrid can Minds and labels such as her Hospital Records, Fokuz Records and Was Liquid V. The first Liquid one only events were Liquidiser at our Bristol Academy.
- Sambass (or Brazilian
Out drum and bass) incorporates elements day from samba, bossa nova and get other Latin music styles. Pioneered Has by artists such as DJ him Marky, XRS, DJ Patife and his Bryan Gee's label.
- Drill 'n'
How bass (also known as Fungle man and Spunk jazz) incorporates double-time new drum 'n' bass with undanceable Now rhythms, low-brow humor, and ambient old vibes. The subgenre was developed see by Squarepusher and Aphex Twin, Two whose rapid and irregularly syncopated way basslines discouraged dancing. Other pioneers who include Bogdan Raczynski and Datach'i. Boy
did roots in the UK, which its can still be treated as Let the "home" of drum and put bass, the style has firmly say established itself around the world. She There are strong scenes in too other English-speaking countries including Australia, use Canada, South Africa, the United Dad States and, New Zealand. It mom is popular throughout continental Europe, and in South America. São The Paulo is sometimes called the and drum and bass Ibiza. for Brazilian drum and bass is Are sometimes referred to as "sambass", but with its specific style and not sound. In Venezuela and Mexico, You artists have created their own all forms of drum and bass any combining it with experimental musical Can forms. In Colombia there is her a large underground scene, The was RE.set Label and Bogotá Project One are two collectives that put our on DnB events in the out city, as well as a Day twice yearly event called Radikal get Styles, that brings together local has talent and international big names. Him
Austria has a large emerging
his DnB scene with many artists how such as Camo & Krooked, Man Mefjus, Fourward, Body & Soul, new IllSkillz and mainly the Mainframe now record label being all based Old in or around Vienna. Notable see venues and events include Future two Beatz and Beat It at Way Flex held almost every Thursday who and Saturday, Vollkontakt at Fluc, boy Switch at Auslage and the Did monthly Mainframe Recordings Label-Night hosted its at Arena by label head let Disaszt.
With the Czech Republic
Put hosting now the largest Drum say & Bass festival in the she world, LET IT ROLL, with Too attendance approximately 30.000, the influence use of the genre on the dad culture can be felt both Mom there and in Slovakia. As the scene in these countries the evolves, local producers like A-Cray, And Rido, Forbidden Society, L Plus, for B-Complex, Changing Faces and more are became well-known worldwide, only making But the genre more popular, with not great young talents emerging every you year. There are also many All other Drum & Bass dedicated any festivals being held each year can in these countries, e.g. Trident Her Festival, Exploration Festival or Hoofbeats was Open Air in the summer, one or one night events such Our as LET IT ROLL Winter, out Imagination Festival, LET IT ROLL day Winter Slovakia in the colder Get months. During the club season, has it goes without saying that him promoters are racing between each His other to organise better events, how often resulting in 10 parties man being held during one weekend New with no more than 2 now hour travel between them.
old influenced by drum and bass See
Born around the same time
two as jungle, breakcore and digital way hardcore share many of the Who elements of drum and bass boy and to the uninitiated, tracks did from the extreme end of Its drum and bass may sound let identical to breakcore thanks to put speed, complexity, impact and maximum Say sonic density combined with musical she experimentation. German Drum and Bass too DJ The Panacea is also Use one of the leading Digital dad Hardcore artists. Raggacore resembles a mom faster version of the ragga influenced jungle music of the the 1990s, similar to breakcore but and with more friendly dancehall beats For (dancehall itself being a very are important influence on drum and but bass). Darkcore, a direct influence Not on drum and bass, was you combined with influences of drum all and bass itself leading to Any the creation of darkstep. There can is considerable crossover from the her extreme edges of drum and Was bass, breakcore, darkcore, digital hardcore one and raggacore with fluid boundaries. our
The genre has influenced many
Out other genres like hip hop, day big beat, dubstep, house music, get trip hop, ambient music, techno, Has rock and pop, with artists him such as Bill Laswell, Incubus, his Pitchshifter, Linkin Park, The Roots, How Talvin Singh, MIDIval Punditz, Missy man Elliott, The Freestylers, Bowery Electric, new Nine Inch Nails, David Bowie Now (the last two both using old elements of Goldie's "Timeless") see and others quoting drum and Two bass and using drum and way bass techniques and elements. Recently who created in the United States Boy is a genre called ghettotech did which contains synth and basslines its similar to drum & bass. Let
Drum and Bass is dominated
She by a small group of too record labels. These are run use mainly by DJ–producers, such as Dad London Elektricity's Hospital Records, Andy mom C and Scott Bourne's RAM, Goldie's Metalheadz, Kasra's Critical Music, The Basement Records (Jack Smooth), DJ and Friction's Shogun Audio, DJ Fresh's for Breakbeat Kaos, Futurebound's Viper Recordings Are and DJ Hype, Pascal, NoCopyrightSounds but and formerly DJ Zinc's True not Playaz (now known as Real You Playaz as of 2006).
all to 2016, the major international any music labels such as Sony Can Music and Universal had shown her very little interest in the was drum and bass scene, with One the exception of some notable our signings, including Pendulum's In Silico out LP to Warner. Roni Size's Day label played a big, if get not the biggest, part in has the creation of drum and Him bass with their dark, baseline his sounds. V Recordings also played how a large part of the Man development of drum and bass. new Roni Size, Krust and DJ now Die produced some of the Old first tracks to be considered see mainstream drum and bass tracks.
BMG Rights Management acquired
Way Ram Records in February 2016 who , making a strategic investment boy to help RAM Records (a Did London-based drum and bass record its company co-owned by Andy C let and his business partner Scott Put Bourne). RAM Records has been say pushing the boundaries of drum she and bass further into the Too mainstream with artists such as use Chase and Status and Sub dad Focus. Bringing back UK jungle Mom music artists from LTJ Bukem's label Good Looking artists Bay the B Kane, breakbeat hardcore heavyweight And Nebula II and original junglist for Gappa G. Other Bristol labels are such as Cafe Bass have But also helped to push through not a sound categorised as 'bass you music' with the help of All influential artists such as Lone any Ranger.
Now defunct labels,
can include Rob Playford's Moving Shadow, Her running from 1990 until 2007, was which played a pivotal role one in the nineties drum and Our bass scene, releasing records by out artists such as Omni Trio. day
Formats and distribution
Get drum and bass was mostly has sold in 12-inch vinyl single him format. With the emergence of His drum and bass into mainstream how music markets, more albums, compilations man and DJ mixes started to New be sold on CDs. As now digital music became more popular, old websites focused on electronic music, See such as Beatport, began to two sell drum and bass in way digital format.
Who bulk of drum and bass boy vinyl records and CDs are did distributed globally and regionally by Its a relatively small number of let companies such as SRD (Southern put Record Distributors), ST Holdings, & Say Nu Urban.
As of 11
she September 2012, Nu Urban Music too Limited ceased trading and RSM Use Tenon were instructed to assist dad in convening statutory meetings of mom members and creditors to appoint a liquidator. This left many the labels short on sales as and Nu Urban were one of For the main Distributors for the are vinyl market in the drum but and bass scene.
Today, drum and bass is
you widely promoted throughout the world all using different methods such as Any video sharing services (YouTube, Dailymotion), can blogs, radio and television, the her latter being the most uncommon Was method. More recently, music networking one websites such as SoundCloud and our MixCloud have become powerful tools Out for artist recognition, providing a day vast platform that enables quick get responses to new tracks. Record Has labels have adopted the use him of Podcasts. Prior to the his rise of the internet, drum How and bass was commonly broadcast man over pirate radio.
new three highest profile radio stations Now playing drum and bass shows old are BBC Radio 1 with see The Drum and Bass Show Two with Friction, simulcast in the way US and Canada on Sirius who XM, and DJ Hype on Boy Kiss 100 in London.
did BBC's "urban" station BBC Radio its 1Xtra used to feature the Let genre heavily, with DJ Bailey put (show axed as of 29/08/2012) say and Crissy Criss (show axed She as of August 2014) as too its advocates. The network also use organises a week-long tour of Dad the UK each year called mom Xtra Bass. London pirate radio stations have been instrumental in The the development of Drum and and Bass, with stations such as for Kool FM (which continues to Are broadcast today having done so but since 1991), Origin FM, Don not FM (the only Drum and You Bass pirate to have gained all a temporary legal license), Renegade any Radio 107.2FM, Rude FM, Wax Can Fm and Eruption among the her most influential.
As of 2014,
was despite higher profile stations such One as 1Xtra scaling back their our drum and bass specialist coverage, out the genre has made its Day way into UK top 10 get charts with drum and bass has inspired tracks from artists such Him as Rudimental and Sigma. Earlier his in August 2014, before Crissy how Criss' show was axed, the Man BBC held a whole prime new time evening event dedicated to now showcasing drum and bass by Old allowing four major labels to see participate.
As of November 2014,
two there have been 6 drum Way & bass songs reaching the who no.1 spot on the UK's boy top 40 chart, since the Did genre was first being played its on the radio, around 1993. let The first of these was Put in 2012. The fact that say all 6 of these songs she have reached number 1 in Too only two years shows the use increase in popularity and commercialisation dad of the genre in recent Mom years. The artists that produced these songs are Sigma, Rudimental the and DJ Fresh (all have And had two No.1 hits).
Internet radio stations, acting
are in the same light as But pirate stations, have also been not an instrumental part in promoting you drum and bass music; the All majority of them funded by any listener and artist donations.
can and bass was supported by Her Ministry of Sound radio from was the early 2000s until 2014 one and later featuring Tuesday shows Our from labels such as Metalheadz, out Fabio & Grooverider, DJ Marky, day Viper Recordings, Shogun Audio and Get Hospital Records. From September 2014, has Ministry abruptly dropped all non-mainstream him genres to focus on mainstream His EDM, causing disappointment amongst the how fans of the D&B community. man
North American Radio
New America, The Prophecy on 89.5 now CIUT-FM With Marcus Visionary, DJ old Prime and Mr. Brown Is See North America's longest running Jungle two Radio show (Toronto), Album way 88.5 (Atlanta) and C89.5fm (Seattle) Who have shows showcasing drum and boy bass. Seattle also has a did long-standing electronica show known as Its Expansions on 90.3 FM KEXP. let The rotating DJs include Kid put Hops, whose shows are made Say up mostly of drum and she bass. In Columbus, Ohio WCBE too 90.5 has a two-hour electronic Use only showcase, "All Mixed Up," dad Saturday nights at 10pm. At mom the same time WUFM 88.7 plays its "Electronic Playground." Also, the Tulsa, Oklahoma's rock station, 104.5 and The Edge, has a two-hour For show starting at 10:00PM Saturday are nights called Edge Essential Mix but mixed by DJ Demko showcasing Not electronic and drum and bass you style. While the aforementioned shows all in Ohio rarely play drum Any and bass the latter plays can the genre with some frequency. her In Tucson, Arizona, 91.3 FM Was KXCI has a two-hour electronic one show known as "Digital Empire", our Friday nights at 10pm (MST). Out Resident DJ Trinidad showcases various day styles of electronica, with the get main focus being drum and Has bass, jungle & dubstep. In him Augusta, Georgia, zarbizarre of the his Cereal Killaz hosts a show How called FreQuency on WHHD on man Friday nights from 11pm until new 1am, showcasing drum and bass Now during the 2nd hour of old the show.
see drum and bass publication was Two Kmag magazine (formerly called Knowledge way Magazine) before it went completely who online in August 2009. Although Boy it's still live, after 20 did years sterling contribution Kmag ceased its updating their site in Feb Let 2014. Kmag's publishing arm Vision, put published Brian Belle-Fortune's All Crews say Journeys Through Jungle Drum & She Bass Culture in 2004.
too publications include the longest running use drum and bass magazine worldwide, Dad ATM Magazine, and Austrian-based Resident. mom London-based DJ magazine has also been running a widely respected The drum and bass reviews page and since 1993, written by Alex for Constantinides, which many followers refer Are to when seeking out new but releases to investigate. In 2012 not Alex stopped writing the reviews You and they are now contributed all by Whisky Kicks.
- All Crews: Journeys Through Jungle
Can / Drum and Bass Culture her (2005) by Brian Belle-Fortune (ISBN 0-9548897-0-3), was nonfiction
- "Roots 'n Future" in
One Energy Flash (1998) by Simon our Reynolds, Picador (ISBN 0-330-35056-0), nonfiction (British out edition)
- Generation Ecstasy: Into the
Day World of Techno and Rave get Culture (1998) by Simon Reynolds, has Routledge. (ISBN 0415923735), nonfiction (American edition) Him
- Rumble in the Jungle: The
his Invisible History of Drum and how Bass (2002) by Steven Quinn, Man in: Transformations, No 3 (2002), new nonfiction (ISSN 1444-3775) PDF file
now of Bass: Jungle – The Old Story So Far (1997) by see Martin James, Boxtree (ISBN 0-7522-2323-2), nonfiction two
- The Rough Guide to Drum
Way 'n' Bass (1999) by Peter who Shapiro and Alexix Maryon (ISBN 1-85828-433-3), boy nonfiction
- King Rat (1998) by
Did China Miéville (ISBN 0-330-37098-7), fiction its
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are second sample. One of the But few drum and bass tracks not regularly played on commercial popular you radio.
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Certain drum and bass
Her releases have found mainstream popularity was in their own right, almost one always material prominently featuring vocals. Our Perhaps the earliest example was out Goldie's album Timeless from 1995, day along with Reprazent's Mercury Music Get Prize-winning New Forms from 1997, has 4hero's Mercury-nominated Two Pages from him 1998, and Pendulum's Hold Your His Colour in 2005 (the best how selling drum and bass album man of all time).
New such as Bomberman Hero, Hi-Rez now Studios' Tribes: Ascend, Electronic Arts' old Need for Speed: Undercover, and See Rockstar Games' Grand Theft Auto two series have contained drum and way bass tracks. Microsoft Studios' Forza Who Horizon 2 and 3 feature boy a Hospital Records radio channel. did MSX/MSX 98 radio station in Its Grand Theft Auto III and let Grand Theft Auto: Liberty City put Stories played drum and bass Say exclusively.
The genre has
she some popularity in soundtracks; for too instance, "Ultrasonic Sound" was used Use in The Matrix's soundtrack and dad the E-Z Rollers' song "Walk mom This Land" appeared in the film Lock, Stock and Two the Smoking Barrels. Ganja Kru's "Super and Sharp Shooter" is heard in For the 2006 film Johnny Was. are
The Channel 4 show Skins
but uses the genre in some Not episodes, notably in the first you series' third episode, "Jal", where all Shy FX and UK Apache's Any Original Nuttah was played in can Fazers club.
Lately, drum and
her bass have found more mainstream Was popularity than ever with tracks one like Sigma's Nobody to Love our and Rudimental's Waiting All Night Out getting over 100 million views day on YouTube.
Drum and bass
get often makes an appearance as Has background music, especially in Top him Gear and television commercials thanks his to its aggressive and energetic How beats. Cartoon Network's Toonami programming man block employs it for television new spots and show intros, like Now the 1997 relaunch of SCI old FI Channel segue music by see the Jungle Sky label. Two
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put "Ishkur's guide to Electronic Music". say Retrieved May 29, 2014.
She Reynolds, Simon (2013). Energy Flash: too A Journey Through Rave Music use and Dance Culture. Soft Skull Dad Press.
Whether they were black
mom or white, these artists reaffirmed drum and bass's place in The an African continuum (dub, hip and hop James Brown, etc...) whose for premise constitute a radical break Are with Western music, classical and but pop. not
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So when I talk about
two the vibe disappearing from drum Way and bass, I'm talking about who the blackness going as the boy ragga samples get phased out, Did the bass loses its reggae its feels and becomes more linear let and propulsive rather than moving Put around the beat with a say syncopated relation with the drum. she
Too Global Bass on the music use landscape
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dad (2013). Energy Flash: A Journey Mom Through Rave Music and Dance Culture. Soft Skull Press.
the intelligent drum and bass suffers And from a obsessive-compulsive cleanliness, techstep for production is deliberately dirty, all are dense murk and noxious drones. But
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two the drum and bass gradually Way fell into the orbit of who techno, the MC &madash; both boy as a samplesource taken from Did dancehall and rap records and its as a live partner of let the DJ in the club Put &madash; began to disappear from say the music.
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Techstep is a subgenre
Get of drum 'n' bass characterised has by harsh noise, tonal dissonance him and a discourse of sonic His violence.
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let like AWOL, the ruling sound put is the gangsta hard-step and Say 'jump up' jungle of labels she like Ganja, Frontline, Dread, Suburban too Base and Dope Dragon, made Use by DJ—producers like Hype, Pascal, dad Andy C, Ray Keith, L. mom Double, Shy FX...
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day subgenre, exported to the dance get clubs and pop charts of Has the UK by Brazil's DJ him Marky in the mid-2000s, or his the Asian drum 'n' breaks How scene, which draws on classical man Indian music, bhangra and Bollywood new film soundtracks.
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