Drum and bass (also written
our as "drum 'n' bass" or Out "drum & bass"; commonly abbreviated day as "D&B", "DnB" or "D'n'B"), get is a genre and branch Has of electronic music which emerged him from rave and jungle scenes his in Britain during the early How 1990s. The style is often man characterised by fast breakbeats (typically new 160–180 beats per minute) with Now heavy bass and sub-bass lines, old sampled sources, and synthesizers.
see popularity of drum and bass Two at its commercial peak ran way parallel to several other homegrown who dance styles in the UK Boy including big beat and hard did house. Drum and bass incorporates its a number of scenes and Let styles. A major influence on put jungle and drum and bass say was the original Jamaican dub She and reggae sound. Another feature too of the style is the use complex syncopation of the drum Dad tracks' breakbeat.
Drum and bass
mom subgenres include breakcore, ragga jungle, hardstep, darkstep, techstep, neurofunk, ambient The drum and bass, liquid funk, and deep, drumfunk, funkstep, sambass, dnbnoise, for and drill 'n' bass. From Are its roots in the UK, but the style has established itself not around the world. Drum and You bass has influenced many other all genres like hip hop, big any beat, dubstep, house, trip hop, Can ambient music, techno, jazz, rock her and pop. Drum and bass was is dominated by a relatively One small group of record labels. our The major international music labels out had shown very little interest Day in the drum and bass get scene, until BMG Rights Management has acquired RAM in February 2016. Him . Drum and bass remains his most popular in the UK how although it has developed scenes Man all around the world, in new countries such as the United now States, Germany, the Netherlands, Belgium, Old New Zealand, Greece, Canada, Austria, see the Czech Republic, Slovakia and two Australia. you
In the late
can 1980s and early 1990s, a Her growing nightclub and overnight outdoor was event culture gave birth to one a new electronic music style Our in the rave scene, which out combined sampled syncopated beats or day breakbeats, and other samples from Get a wide range of different has musical genres and, occasionally, samples him of music, dialogue and effects His from films and television programmes. how A faster subgenre was known man as "hardcore" but from as New early as 1991, some musical now tracks made up of these old high-tempo break beats, with heavy See basslines and samples of older two Jamaican music, were referred to way as "jungle techno", a genre Who influenced by Jack Smooth and boy Basement Records, and later just did "jungle", which became recognised as Its a separate musical genre popular let at raves and on pirate put radio in Britain. It is Say important to note when discussing she the history of drum and too bass that prior to jungle, Use the music was getting faster dad and more experimental. Professional DJ mom and producer C.K. states, "There was a progression as far the as the speed of music and is concerned. Anyone buying vinyl For every week from 1989 to are 1992 noticed this."
but jungle had begun to gain Not mainstream popularity and fans of you the music (often referred to all as junglists) became a more Any recognisable part of youth subculture. can The genre further developed, incorporating her and fusing elements from a Was wide range of existing musical one genres, including the raggamuffin sound, our dancehall, MC chants, dub basslines, Out and increasingly complex, heavily edited day breakbeat percussion. Despite the affiliation get with the ecstasy-fuelled rave scene, Has jungle also inherited some associations him with violence and criminal activity, his both from the gang culture How that had affected the UK's man hip-hop scene and as a new consequence of jungle's often aggressive Now or menacing sound and themes old of violence (usually reflected in see the choice of samples). However, Two this developed in tandem with way the often positive reputation of who the music as part of Boy the wider rave scene and did dancehall-based Jamaican music culture prevalent its in London. By 1995, whether Let as a reaction to, or put independently of this cultural schism, say some jungle producers began to She move away from the ragga-influenced too style and create what would use become collectively labelled, for convenience, Dad as drum and bass.
mom the genre became generally more polished and sophisticated technically, it The began to expand its reach and from pirate radio to commercial for stations and gain widespread acceptance Are (circa 1995–1997). It also began but to split into recognisable subgenres not such as jump-up and Hardstep. You As a lighter and often all jazz-influenced style of drum and any bass gained mainstream appeal, additional Can subgenres emerged including techstep (circa her 1996–1997) which drew greater influence was from techno music and the One soundscapes of science fiction and our anime films.
The popularity of
out drum and bass at its Day commercial peak ran parallel to get several other homegrown dance styles has in the UK including big Him beat and hard house. But his towards the turn of the how millennium its popularity was deemed Man to have dwindled as the new UK garage style known as now speed garage yielded several hit Old singles. Speed garage shared high see tempos and heavy basslines with two drum and bass, but otherwise Way followed the established conventions of who "house music", with this and boy its freshness giving it an Did advantage commercially. London DJ/producer C.K. its says, "It is often forgotten let by my students that a Put type of music called "garage say house" existed in the late she 1980s alongside hip house, acid Too house and other forms of use house music." He continues, "This dad new garage of the mid Mom 90s was not a form of house or a progression the of garage house. The beats And and tempo that define house for are entirely different. This did are cause further confusion in the But presence of new house music not of the mid-1990s being played you alongside what was now being All called garage." Despite this, the any emergence of further subgenres and can related styles such as liquid Her funk brought a wave of was new artists incorporating new ideas one and techniques, supporting continual evolution Our of the genre. To this out day drum and bass makes day frequent appearances in mainstream media Get and popular culture including in has television, as well as being him a major reference point for His subsequent genres such as grime how and dubstep and successful artists man including Chase & Status, Netsky, New and Australia's Pendulum.
Drum and bass incorporates
old a number of scenes and See styles, from the highly electronic, two industrial sounds of techstep through way to the use of conventional, Who acoustic instrumentation that characterise the boy more jazz-influenced end of the did spectrum. The sounds of drum Its and bass are extremely varied let due to the range of put influences behind the music. Say
Drum and bass could at
she one time be defined as too a strictly electronic musical genre Use with the only "live" element dad being the DJ's selection and mom mixing of records during a set. "Live" drum and bass the using electric, electronic and acoustic and instruments played by musicians on For stage emerged over the ensuing are years of the genre's development. but
The Amen Break
Not was the main starting influence you for Drum and Bass. Jungle all has a distinct African flow Any which is "dirty". Drum and can Bass for mainstream UK was her "clean" and formal. A very Was obvious and strong influence on one jungle and drum and bass, our thanks to the British African-Caribbean Out sound system scene, is the day original Jamaican dub and reggae get sound, with pioneers like King Has Tubby, Peter Tosh, Sly & him Robbie, Bill Laswell, Lee Perry, his Mad Professor, Roots Radics, Bob How Marley and Buju Banton heavily man influencing the music. This influence new has lessened with time but Now is still evident with many old tracks containing ragga vocals.
see a musical style built around Two funk or syncopated rock and way roll breaks, James Brown, Al who Green, Marvin Gaye, Ella Fitzgerald, Boy Gladys Knight & the Pips, did Billie Holiday, Aretha Franklin, Otis its Redding, the Supremes, the Commodores, Let Jerry Lee Lewis and even put Michael Jackson, are funky influences say on the music. Jazz pioneer She Miles Davis has been named too as a possible influence. Blues use artists like Lead Belly, Robert Dad Johnson, Charlie Patton, Muddy Waters mom and B.B King have also been cited by producers as The inspirations. Even modern avant-garde composers and such as Henryk Gorecki have for received mention. One of the Are most influential tracks in drum but and bass history was "Amen not Brother" by The Winstons which You contains a drum solo that all has since become known as any the "Amen break", which after Can being extensively used in early her hip hop music, went on was to become the basis for One the rhythms used in drum our and bass.
Kevin Saunderson released
out a series of bass-heavy, minimal Day techno cuts as Reese/The Reese get Project in the late '80s has which were hugely influential in Him drum and bass terms. One his of his more famous basslines how (Reese – "Just Want Another Man Chance", Incognito Records, 1988) was new indeed sampled on Renegade's Terrorist now and countless others since, being Old known simply as the 'Reese' see bassline. He followed these up two with equally influential (and bassline-heavy) Way tracks in the UK hardcore who style as Tronik House in boy 1991–1992. Another Detroit artist who Did was important for the scene its is Carl Craig. The sampled-up let jazz break on Carl Craig's Put Bug in the Bassbin was say also influential on the newly she emerging sound, DJs at the Too Rage club used to play use it pitched up (increased speed) dad as far as their Technics Mom record decks would go.
the late 1980s and early the 1990s the tradition of breakbeat And use in hip hop production for had influenced the sound of are breakbeat hardcore, which in turn But led to the emergence of not jungle, drum and bass, and you other genres that shared the All same use of broken beats. any Drum and bass shares many can musical characteristics with hip-hop, though Her it is nowadays mostly stripped was of lyrics. Grandmaster Flash, Roger one Troutman, Afrika Bambaata, Run DMC, Our Mac Dre, Public Enemy, Schooly out D, N.W.A, Kid Frost, Wu-Tang day Clan, Dr. Dre, Mos Def, Get Beastie Boys and the Pharcyde has are very often directly sampled, him regardless of their general influence. His
Clearly drum and bass has
how been influenced by other music man genres, though influences from sources New external to the electronic dance now music scene perhaps lessened following old the shifts from jungle to See drum and bass, and through two to so-called "intelligent drum and way bass" and techstep. It still Who remains a fusion music style. boy
Some tracks are illegally remixed
did and released on white label Its (technically bootleg), often to acclaim. let For example, DJ Zinc's remix put of The Fugees' "Ready or Say Not", also known as "Fugee she Or Not", was eventually released too with the Fugees' permission after Use talk of legal action, though dad ironically the Fugees' version infringed mom Enya's copyright to an earlier song. White labels along with the dubplates play an important part and in drum and bass musical For culture.
Drum and bassline
The genre places great
but importance on the "bass line", Not a deep sub-bass musical pattern you which can be felt physically all through powerful sound systems due Any to the low-range frequencies favoured. can There has been considerable exploration her of different timbres in the Was bass line region, particularly within one techstep. The bass lines most our notably originate from sampled sources Out or synthesizers. Bass lines performed day with a bass instrument, whether get it is electric, acoustic or Has a double bass, are less him common but examples can be his found in the work of How artists such as Shapeshifter, Squarepusher, man Pendulum, Roni Size and STS9. new
The Roland TR-808
Rhythm Composer, produced 1980–1984, had
a bass drum sound which
became very important in Drum
Of equal importance
way is the TR-808 kick drum, who an artificially pitch-downed or elongated Boy bass drum sound sampled from did Roland's classic TR-808 drum machine, its and a sound which has Let been subject to an enormous put amount of experimentation over the say years.
The complex syncopation of
She the drum tracks' breakbeat, is too another facet of production on use which producers can spend a Dad very large amount of time. mom The Amen break is generally acknowledged to have been the The most-used (and often considered the and most powerful) break in drum for and bass.
The Amen break
Are was synonymous with early drum but and bass productions but other not samples have had a significant You impact, including the Apache, Funky all Drummer, "Soul Pride", "Scorpio" and any "Think (About It)" breaks.
Can drum and bass tracks have her featured more than one sampled was breakbeat in them and a One technique of switching between two our breaks after each bar developed. out Examples of this can be Day heard on mid-90s releases such get as J Majik's "Your Sound". has A more recent commonly used Him break is the Tramen, which his combines the Amen break, a how James Brown funk breakbeat ("Tighten Man Up" or "Samurai" break) and new an Alex Reece drum and now bass breakbeat.
The relatively fast
Old drum beat forms a canvas see on which a producer can two create tracks to appeal to Way almost any taste and often who will form only a background boy to the other elements of Did the music. Syncopated breakbeats remain its the most distinctive element as let without these a high-tempo 4/4 Put dance track could be classified say as techno or gabber. she
Drum and bass is
Too usually between 160–180 BPM, in use contrast to other breakbeat-based dance dad styles such as nu skool Mom breaks, which maintain a slower pace at around 130–140 BPM. the A general upward trend in And tempo has been observed during for the evolution of drum and are bass. The earliest forms of But drum and bass clocked in not at around 130 bpm in you 1990/1991, speeding up to around All 155–165 BPM by 1993. Since any around 1996, drum and bass can tempos have predominantly stayed in Her the 170–180 range. Recently some was producers have started to once one again produce tracks with slower Our tempos (that is, in the out 150s and 160s), but the day mid-170 tempo is still the Get hallmark of the drum and has bass sound.
A track combining
him the same elements (broken beat, His bass, production techniques) as a how drum and bass track, but man with a slower tempo (say New 140 BPM), might not be now drum and bass but a old drum and bass-influenced breakbeat track. See
way bass exhibits a full frequency Who response which can sometimes only boy be fully appreciated on sound did systems which can handle very Its low frequencies, including sub-bass frequencies let that are often felt more put than heard. As befits its Say name, the bass element of she the music is particularly pronounced, too with the comparatively sparse arrangements Use of drum and bass tracks dad allowing room for basslines that mom are deeper than most other forms of dance music. Consequently, the drum and bass parties are and often advertised as featuring uncommonly For loud and bass-heavy sound systems. are
There are however many albums
but specifically designed for personal listening. Not The mix CD is a you particularly popular form of release, all with a big name DJ/producer Any mixing live, or on a can computer, a variety of tracks her for personal listening. Additionally, there Was are many albums containing unmixed one tracks, suited for home or our car listening.
Many mixing points
Out begin or end with the day "drop". The drop is the get point in a track where Has a switch of rhythm or him bassline occurs and usually follows his a recognisable build section and How "breakdown". Sometimes the drop is man used to switch between tracks, new layering components of different tracks, Now though as the two records old may be simply ambient breakdowns see at this point, though some Two DJs prefer to combine breakbeats, way a more difficult exercise. Some who drops are so popular that Boy the DJ will "rewind" or did "reload" or "lift up" by its spinning the record back and Let restarting it at the build. put "The drop" is often a say key point from the point She of view of the dance too floor, since the drumbreaks often use fade out to leave an Dad ambient intro playing. When the mom beats re-commence they are often more complex and accompanied by The a heavier bassline, encouraging the and crowd to dance.
for has declined in popularity, DJs Are are often accompanied by one but or more MCs, drawing on not the genre's roots in hip You hop and reggae/ragga.
all not generally receive the same any level of recognition as producer/DJs Can and some events are specifically her marketed as being MC free. was There are relatively few well-known One drum and bass MCs, Stevie our Hyper D (deceased), MC GQ, out Mc Moose, Mc Dett, Mc Day Fearless, The Ragga Twins, Dynamite get MC, MC Fats, MC Conrad, has Shabba D, Skibadee, Bassman, MC Him Stamina, MC Fun, Evil B, his Trigga, Eskman, Harry Shotta, Mr how Traumatik and MC Infinity as Man examples.
Live drum and
Aphrodite in 2009
at Pirate Station
, the world's
largest drum and bass festival
at that time, in Moscow.
Many musicians have adapted drum
Way and bass to live performances, who which feature instruments such as boy drums (acoustic or electronic), samplers, Did synthesizers, turntables, bass (either upright its or electric) and guitars (acoustic let or electric). Samplers have also Put been used live by assigning say samples to a specific drum she pad or key on drum Too pads or synthesizers. MCs are use frequently featured in live performances. dad
List of drum and
Mom bass artists who perform using live instruments
Congo Natty, a ragga
Smaller scenes within
Our the drum and bass community out have developed and the scene day as a whole has become Get much more fractured into specific has subgenres, including:
- Drumstep or
him Halftime is a combination of His drum and bass and dubstep how where the beat structure is man half time, while the remaining New elements still adhere to the now usual sub-bass and tempo of old drum and bass.
- Breakcore is
See a style of electronic dance two music largely influenced by hardcore, way jungle, digital hardcore and industrial Who music that is characterized by boy its use of heavy kick did drums, breaks and a wide Its palette of sampling sources, played let at high tempos.
put drum & bass was inspired Say by the original ragga jungle she style, with influences from reggae too and dancehall music. Notable artists Use include Shy FX, T Power, dad Congo Natty, Potential Bad Boy, mom Marcus Visionary, Serial Killaz, Ed Solo, Deekline, Isaac Maya, Run the Tingz Cru, Psychofreud, Benny Page and and vocalists such as David For Boomah, Top Cat, Tenor Fly are and General Levy.
but is a harder style which Not uses gritty basslines and heavy you yet simple electronic melodies. Notable all artists include Dillinja (early work), Any DJ Krust, Mampi Swift, Dieselboy, can Current Value, Tre Technics, MachineCode
- Darkstep is characterized by
Was fast drums and a general one dark mood, drawing influences from our dark ambient, industrial and hardcore Out music. Prominent artists include Technical day Itch, Dylan, Kryptic Minds & get Leon Switch, B-Key, Resonant Evil, Has Infiltrata, SPL, Counterstrike, Evol Intent, him The Panacea, Limewax, and Current his Value.
- Techstep is characterized
How by sci-fi soundscapes and samples man from science fiction culture. Pioneered new by artists such as Bad Now Company UK (DJ Fresh, D-Bridge, old Maldini & Vegas) Ed Rush, see Optical, Konflict (Kemal & Rob Two Data), Dom & Roland, Dillinja, way Ram Trilogy (Ant Miles, Andy who C & Shimon), Moving Fusion, Boy Decoder & Substance, Digital & did Spirit, Future Cut, Dylan, Loxy its & Ink, Total Science, D.Kay, Let Stakka & Skynet and Keaton put with Usual Suspects or Universal say Project, Klute, Concord Dawn, and She the label Moving Shadow.
too or Neuro is the progression use from techstep incorporating more elements Dad from jazz and funk. Prominent mom artists include Ed Rush, Matrix, Bad Company UK, Cause 4 The Concern, TeeBee, Future Prophecies, Black and Sun Empire, DLR, Calyx, Hive, for Gridlok, Noisia, Phace & Misanthrop, Are Silent Witness & Break, State but Of Mind, The Upbeats, Chase not & Status, Jade, Mindscape, Spor, You Psidream, Catacomb, Rregula and The all Clamps.
- Jump-up, appearing in
any the mid-1990s, employs heavy and Can energetic drum and bass, characterized her by robotic and heavy bass was sounds. It also is generally One less serious and contains more our humor than other subgenres. Notable out artists include DJ Hazard, Generation Day Dub (Original Sin & Sub get Zero), Baron, Cabbie, Clipz, Nightwalker, has Callide, Hedex, Epsy, Taxman, Jaydan, Him Sub Zero, Original Sin, Annix, his Konichi, Decimal Bass, Spaow, Nu how Elementz, Tyke, DJ Zen, Majistrate, Man Twisted Individual, Distorted Minds, TC, new Heist, DJ Guv, Looney, Premium, now Upgrade, DJ Pleasure, DJ Hype Old and his label Playaz Recordings. see
- Ambient drum & bass, Atmospheric
two drum & bass, Intelligent drum Way & bass, Jazzy drum and who bass or Intelligent jungle is boy a smoother style, influenced by Did ambient music, chillout, jazz and its Soul music. It was pioneered let by such artists as Omni Put Trio, Foul Play, Seba, Blu say Mar Ten, Nookie, Hyper-On-Experience, DJ she Pulse, Higher Sense, Deep Blue Too (Sean O'Keefe, Cause4Concern Records), Photek, use Jack Smooth (Basement Records), Blame, dad LTJ Bukem and his label Mom Good Looking Records, and the label Moving Shadow.
- Jazzstep or
the Jazzy jungle demonstrates heavy influence And by jazz. It uses typical for jazz scales, rhythms and instrumentation. are Notable artists include Roni size But & Reprazent, Goldie, Utah Jazz, not Morgan Sullyvan, Makoto, Alex Reece, you and DJ Dextrous.
- Liquid funk
All (or simply Liquid) draws heavily any on harmonic and melodic grooves, can and samples from funk, jazz, Her soul, R&B, disco, house and was breakbeat, while intelligent drum and one bass or atmospheric drum and Our bass creates a calmer yet out more synthetic sound. It was day pioneered by Calibre, Zero Tolerance Get (Zero T) & Beta 2, has London Elektricity, High Contrast, Logistics, him Nu:Tone, Danny Byrd, Cyantific, Netsky, His Lenzman, Technimatic (Technicolour & Komatic), how Hobzee & Zyon Base, Paul man T & Edward Oberon, Hybrid New Minds and labels such as now Hospital Records, Fokuz Records and old Liquid V. The first Liquid See only events were Liquidiser at two Bristol Academy.
- Sambass (or Brazilian
way drum and bass) incorporates elements Who from samba, bossa nova and boy other Latin music styles. Pioneered did by artists such as DJ Its Marky, XRS, DJ Patife and let Bryan Gee's label.
- Drill 'n'
put bass (also known as Fungle Say and Spunk jazz) incorporates double-time she drum 'n' bass with undanceable too rhythms, low-brow humor, and ambient Use vibes. The subgenre was developed dad by Squarepusher and Aphex Twin, mom whose rapid and irregularly syncopated basslines discouraged dancing. Other pioneers the include Bogdan Raczynski and Datach'i. and
Despite its roots
For in the UK, which can are still be treated as the but "home" of drum and bass, Not the style has firmly established you itself around the world. There all are strong scenes in other Any English-speaking countries including Australia, Canada, can South Africa, the United States her and, New Zealand. It is Was popular throughout continental Europe, and one in South America. São Paulo our is sometimes called the drum Out and bass Ibiza. Brazilian day drum and bass is sometimes get referred to as "sambass", with Has its specific style and sound. him In Venezuela and Mexico, artists his have created their own forms How of drum and bass combining man it with experimental musical forms. new In Colombia there is a Now large underground scene, The RE.set old Label and Bogotá Project are see two collectives that put on Two DnB events in the city, way as well as a twice who yearly event called Radikal Styles, Boy that brings together local talent did and international big names.
its has a large emerging DnB Let scene with many artists such put as Camo & Krooked, Mefjus, say Fourward, Body & Soul, IllSkillz She and mainly the Mainframe record too label being all based in use or around Vienna. Notable venues Dad and events include The Hive mom and Beat It at Flex held almost every Thursday and The Saturday, Vollkontakt at Fluc, Switch and at Flex and the monthly for Mainframe Recordings Label-Night hosted at Are Arena by label head Disaszt. but
The Czech Republic currently hosts
not the largest drum and bass You festival in the world, LET all IT ROLL, with attendance of any approximately 30,000. The genre is Can also encountered Slovakia, and local her producers in both countries like was A-Cray, Rido, Forbidden Society, L One Plus, B-Complex, Changing Faces, etc. our becoming well-known worldwide. There are out several other drum and bass Day festivals being held each year get in these countries, including Trident has Festival, Exploration Festival or Hoofbeats Him Open Air in the summer, his or one night events such how as LET IT ROLL Winter, Man Imagination Festival, LET IT ROLL new Winter Slovakia in the colder now months. During the club season, Old it goes without saying that see promoters are racing between each two other to organise better events, Way often resulting in 10 parties who being held during one weekend boy with no more than 2 Did hour travel between them. its
Genres influenced by drum and
Born around the same
Put time as jungle, breakcore and say digital hardcore share many of she the elements of drum and Too bass and to the uninitiated, use tracks from the extreme end dad of drum and bass may Mom sound identical to breakcore thanks to speed, complexity, impact and the maximum sonic density combined with And musical experimentation. German Drum and for Bass DJ The Panacea is are also one of the leading But Digital Hardcore artists. Raggacore resembles not a faster version of the you ragga influenced jungle music of All the 1990s, similar to breakcore any but with more friendly dancehall can beats (dancehall itself being a Her very important influence on drum was and bass). Darkcore, a direct one influence on drum and bass, Our was combined with influences of out drum and bass itself leading day to the creation of darkstep. Get There is considerable crossover from has the extreme edges of drum him and bass, breakcore, darkcore, digital His hardcore and raggacore with fluid how boundaries.
The genre has influenced
man many other genres like hip New hop, big beat, dubstep, house now music, trip hop, ambient music, old techno, rock and pop, with See artists such as Bill Laswell, two Incubus, Pitchshifter, Linkin Park, The way Roots, Talvin Singh, MIDIval Punditz, Who Missy Elliott, The Freestylers, Bowery boy Electric, Nine Inch Nails, David did Bowie (the last two both Its using elements of Goldie's "Timeless") and others quoting drum put and bass and using drum Say and bass techniques and elements. she Recently created in the United too States is a genre called Use ghettotech which contains synth and dad basslines similar to drum & mom bass.
Drum and Bass
and is dominated by a small For group of record labels. These are are run mainly by DJ–producers, but such as London Elektricity's Hospital Not Records, Andy C and Scott you Bourne's RAM, Goldie's Metalheadz, Kasra's all Critical Music, Basement Records (Jack Any Smooth), DJ Friction's Shogun Audio, can DJ Fresh's Breakbeat Kaos, Futurebound's her Viper Recordings and DJ Hype, Was Pascal, NoCopyrightSounds and formerly DJ one Zinc's True Playaz (now known our as Real Playaz as of Out 2006).
Prior to 2016, the
day major international music labels such get as Sony Music and Universal Has had shown very little interest him in the drum and bass his scene, with the exception of How some notable signings, including Pendulum's man In Silico LP to Warner. new Roni Size's label played a Now big, if not the biggest, old part in the creation of see drum and bass with their Two dark, baseline sounds. V Recordings way also played a large part who of the development of drum Boy and bass. Roni Size, Krust did and DJ Die produced some its of the first tracks to Let be considered mainstream drum and put bass tracks.
say Management acquired Ram Records in She February 2016 , making a too strategic investment to help RAM use Records (a London-based drum and Dad bass record company co-owned by mom Andy C and his business partner Scott Bourne). RAM Records The has been pushing the boundaries and of drum and bass further for into the mainstream with artists Are such as Chase and Status but and Sub Focus. Bringing back not UK jungle music artists from You LTJ Bukem's label Good Looking all artists Bay B Kane, breakbeat any hardcore heavyweight Nebula II and Can original junglist Gappa G. Other her Bristol labels such as Cafe was Bass have also helped to One push through a sound categorised our as 'bass music' with the out help of influential artists such Day as Lone Ranger.
get defunct labels, include Rob Playford's has Moving Shadow, running from 1990 Him until 2007, which played a his pivotal role in the nineties how drum and bass scene, releasing Man records by artists such as new Omni Trio.
Originally drum and
Old bass was mostly sold in see 12-inch vinyl single format. With two the emergence of drum and Way bass into mainstream music markets, who more albums, compilations and DJ boy mixes started to be sold Did on CDs. As digital music its became more popular, websites focused let on electronic music, such as Put Beatport, began to sell drum say and bass in digital format. she
Too of drum and bass vinyl use records and CDs are distributed dad globally and regionally by a Mom relatively small number of companies such as SRD (Southern Record the Distributors), ST Holdings, & Nu And Urban.
As of 11 September
for 2012, Nu Urban Music Limited are ceased trading and RSM Tenon But were instructed to assist in not convening statutory meetings of members you and creditors to appoint a All liquidator. This left many labels any short on sales as Nu can Urban were one of the Her main Distributors for the vinyl was market in the drum and one bass scene.
Today, drum and bass is
out widely promoted throughout the world day using different methods such as Get video sharing services (YouTube, Dailymotion), has blogs, radio and television, the him latter being the most uncommon His method. More recently, music networking how websites such as SoundCloud and man MixCloud have become powerful tools New for artist recognition, providing a now vast platform that enables quick old responses to new tracks. Record See labels have adopted the use two of Podcasts. Prior to the way rise of the internet, drum Who and bass was commonly broadcast boy over pirate radio.
The three highest profile radio
Its stations playing drum and bass let shows are BBC Radio 1 put with The Drum and Bass Say Show - formerly with Friction, she who was replaced with René too LaVice in 2017, simulcast in Use the US and Canada on dad Sirius XM, and DJ Hype mom on Kiss 100 in London. Fabio and Grooverider previously held the a long standing drum and and bass show on Radio 1, For and there was also Radio are 1's 'One in the Jungle' but show.
The BBC's "urban" station
Not BBC Radio 1Xtra used to you feature the genre heavily, with all DJ Bailey (show axed as Any of 29 August 2012) and can Crissy Criss (show axed as her of August 2014) as its Was advocates. The network also organises one a week-long tour of the our UK each year called Xtra Out Bass. London pirate radio stations day have been instrumental in the get development of Drum and Bass, Has with stations such as Kool him FM (which continues to broadcast his today having done so since How 1991), Origin FM, Don FM man (the only Drum and Bass new pirate to have gained a Now temporary legal license), Renegade Radio old 107.2FM, Rude FM, Wax Fm see and Eruption among the most Two influential.
As of 2014, despite
way higher profile stations such as who 1Xtra scaling back their drum Boy and bass specialist coverage, the did genre has made its way its into UK top 10 charts Let with drum and bass inspired put tracks from artists such as say Rudimental and Sigma. Earlier in She August 2014, before Crissy Criss' too show was axed, the BBC use held a whole prime time Dad evening event dedicated to showcasing mom drum and bass by allowing four major labels to participate. The
As of November 2014, there
and have been 6 drum & for bass songs reaching the no.1 Are spot on the UK's top but 40 chart, since the genre not was first being played on You the radio, around 1993. The all first of these was in any 2012. The fact that all Can 6 of these songs have her reached number 1 in only was two years shows the increase One in popularity and commercialisation of our the genre in recent years. out The artists that produced these Day songs are Sigma, Rudimental and get DJ Fresh (all have had has two No.1 hits).
Internet radio stations, acting
his in the same light as how pirate stations, have also been Man an instrumental part in promoting new drum and bass music; the now majority of them funded by Old listener and artist donations.
see and bass was supported by two Ministry of Sound radio from Way the early 2000s until 2014 who and later featuring Tuesday shows boy from labels such as Metalheadz, Did Fabio & Grooverider, DJ Marky, its Viper Recordings, Shogun Audio and let Hospital Records. From September 2014, Put Ministry abruptly dropped all non-mainstream say genres to focus on mainstream she EDM, causing disappointment amongst the Too fans of the D&B community. use
North American Radio
dad North America, The Prophecy on Mom 89.5 CIUT-FM With Marcus Visionary, DJ Prime and Mr. Brown the Is North America's longest running And Jungle Radio show (Toronto), for Album 88.5 (Atlanta) and C89.5fm are (Seattle) have shows showcasing drum But and bass. In New York, not "DNB NYC RADIO" show with you Host Dj Benzocaine on 90.3 All WHCR-FM has a weekly 3 any hour show which broadcasts in can New York and New Jersey Her which plays only Drum and was Bass every Thursday starting at one 3 am. "DNB NYC RADIO" Our is the only weekly Drum out and Bass show on the day FM dial in Northeastern United Get States. Seattle also has a has long-standing electronica show known as him Expansions on 90.3 FM KEXP. His The rotating DJs include Kid how Hops, whose shows are made man up mostly of drum and New bass. In Columbus, Ohio WCBE now 90.5 has a two-hour electronic old only showcase, "All Mixed Up," See Saturday nights at 10 pm. At two the same time WUFM 88.7 way plays its "Electronic Playground." Also, Who Tulsa, Oklahoma's rock station, 104.5 boy The Edge, has a two-hour did show starting at 10 pm Saturday Its nights called Edge Essential Mix let mixed by DJ Demko showcasing put electronic and drum and bass Say style. While the aforementioned shows she in Ohio rarely play drum too and bass the latter plays Use the genre with some frequency. dad In Tucson, Arizona, 91.3 FM mom KXCI has a two-hour electronic show known as "Digital Empire", the Friday nights at 10 pm (MST). and Resident DJ Trinidad showcases various For styles of electronica, with the are main focus being drum and but bass, jungle & dubstep. In Not Augusta, Georgia, zarbizarre of the you Cereal Killaz hosts a show all called FreQuency on WHHD on Any Friday nights from 11 pm until can 1 am, showcasing drum and bass her during the 2nd hour of Was the show.
one best-known drum and bass publication our was Kmag magazine (formerly called Out Knowledge Magazine) before it went day completely online in August 2009. get Although it's still live, after Has 20 years Kmag ceased updating him their site at the end his of 2014. Kmag's publishing arm How Vision, published Brian Belle-Fortune's All man Crews Journeys Through Jungle Drum new & Bass Culture in 2004. Now
Other publications include the longest
old running drum and bass magazine see worldwide, ATM Magazine, and Austrian-based Two Resident. London-based DJ magazine has way also been running a widely who respected drum and bass reviews Boy page since 1993, written by did Alex Constantinides, which many followers its refer to when seeking out Let new releases to investigate. In put 2012 Alex stopped writing the say reviews and they are now She contributed by Whisky Kicks. too
- All Crews: Journeys Through
use Jungle / Drum and Bass Dad Culture (2005) by Brian Belle-Fortune mom (ISBN 0-9548897-0-3), nonfiction
- "Roots 'n Future"
in Energy Flash (1998) by The Simon Reynolds, Picador (ISBN 0-330-35056-0), nonfiction and (British edition)
- Generation Ecstasy: Into
for the World of Techno and Are Rave Culture (1998) by Simon but Reynolds, Routledge. (ISBN 0415923735), nonfiction (American not edition)
- Rumble in the Jungle:
You The Invisible History of Drum all and Bass (2002) by Steven any Quinn, in: Transformations, No 3 Can (2002), nonfiction (ISSN 1444-3775) PDF file her
- State of Bass: Jungle –
was The Story So Far (1997) One by Martin James, Boxtree (ISBN 0-7522-2323-2), our nonfiction
- The Rough Guide to
out Drum 'n' Bass (1999) by Day Peter Shapiro and Alexix Maryon get (ISBN 1-85828-433-3), nonfiction
- King Rat (1998)
has by China Miéville (ISBN 0-330-37098-7), fiction Him
section needs additional citations for
Old 2015) two
Certain drum and
Put bass releases have found mainstream say popularity in their own right, she almost always material prominently featuring Too vocals. Perhaps the earliest example use was Goldie's album Timeless from dad 1995, along with Reprazent's Mercury Mom Music Prize-winning New Forms from 1997, 4hero's Mercury-nominated Two Pages the from 1998, and Pendulum's Hold And Your Colour in 2005 (the for best selling drum and bass are album of all time).
But games such as Bomberman Hero, not Hi-Rez Studios' Tribes: Ascend, Electronic you Arts' Need for Speed: Undercover, All and Rockstar Games' Grand Theft any Auto series have contained drum can and bass tracks. Microsoft Studios' Her Forza Horizon 2 and 3 was feature a Hospital Records radio one channel. MSX/MSX 98 radio station Our in Grand Theft Auto III out and Grand Theft Auto: Liberty day City Stories played drum and Get bass exclusively.
has has some popularity in soundtracks; him for instance, "Ultrasonic Sound" was His used in The Matrix's soundtrack how and the E-Z Rollers' song man "Walk This Land" appeared in New the film Lock, Stock and now Two Smoking Barrels. Ganja Kru's old "Super Sharp Shooter" is heard See in the 2006 film Johnny two Was.
The Channel 4 show
way Skins uses the genre in Who some episodes, notably in the boy first series' third episode, "Jal", did where Shy FX and UK Its Apache's Original Nuttah was played let in Fazers club.
put and bass have found more Say mainstream popularity than ever with she tracks like Sigma's Nobody to too Love and Rudimental's Waiting All Use Night getting over 100 million dad views on YouTube.
mom bass often makes an appearance as background music, especially in the Top Gear and television commercials and thanks to its aggressive and For energetic beats. Cartoon Network's Toonami are programming block employs it for but television spots and show intros, Not like the 1997 relaunch of you SCI FI Channel segue music all by the Jungle Sky label. Any Also The first Powerpuff Girls can series opening is Drum and her Bass/Jungle as well as the Was Opening of Teen Titans Go!.
- Some of these
his influences are only influences in How particular styles of drum and man bass, not drum and bass new as a whole. Now
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old (2005). "Ishkur's guide to Electronic see Music". Retrieved 29 May 2014. Two
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way Energy Flash: A Journey Through who Rave Music and Dance Culture. Boy Soft Skull Press.
did were black or white, these its artists reaffirmed drum and bass's Let place in an African continuum put (dub, hip hop James Brown, say etc...) whose premise constitute a She radical break with Western music, too classical and pop.
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So when I
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- Global Bass
Did on the music landscape its
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let Energy Flash: A Journey Through Put Rave Music and Dance Culture. say Soft Skull Press.
she drum and bass suffers from Too a obsessive-compulsive cleanliness, techstep production use is deliberately dirty, all dense dad murk and noxious drones.
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