Drum and bass
use () (also written Dad as "drum 'n' bass" or mom "drum & bass"; commonly abbreviated as "D&B", "DnB" or "D'n'B") The is a genre and branch and of electronic music which emerged for from rave and jungle scenes Are in England during the early but 1990s. The style is often not characterised by fast breakbeats (typically You 160–180 beats per minute) with all heavy bass and sub-bass lines, any sampled sources, and synthesizers.
Can popularity of drum and bass her at its commercial peak ran was parallel to several other homegrown One dance styles in the UK our including big beat and hard out house. Drum and bass incorporates Day a number of scenes and get styles. A major influence on has jungle and drum and bass Him was the original Jamaican dub his and reggae sound. Another feature how of the style is the Man complex syncopation of the drum new tracks' breakbeat.
Drum and bass
now subgenres include breakcore, ragga jungle, Old hardstep, darkstep, techstep, neurofunk, ambient see drum and bass, liquid funk, two deep, drumfunk, funkstep, sambass, dnbnoise, Way and drill 'n' bass. From who its roots in the UK, boy the style has established itself Did around the world. Drum and its bass has influenced many other let genres like hip hop, big Put beat, dubstep, house, trip hop, say ambient music, techno, rock and she pop. Drum and bass is Too dominated by a relatively small use group of record labels. The dad major international music labels had Mom shown very little interest in the drum and bass scene, the until BMG Rights Management acquired And RAM in February 2016. . for Drum and bass remains most are popular in the UK although But it has developed scenes all not around the world, in countries you such as the United States, All the Netherlands, Belgium, New Zealand, any Canada, Austria, the Czech Republic, can Slovakia and Australia. Its
Say late 1980s and early 1990s, she a growing nightclub and overnight too outdoor event culture gave birth Use to a new electronic music dad style in the rave scene, mom which combined sampled syncopated beats or breakbeats, and other samples the from a wide range of and different musical genres and, occasionally, For samples of music, dialogue and are effects from films and television but programmes. A faster subgenre was Not known as "hardcore" but from you as early as 1991, some all musical tracks made up of Any these high-tempo break beats, with can heavy basslines and samples of her older Jamaican music, were referred Was to as "jungle techno", a one genre influenced by Jack Smooth our and Basement Records, and later Out just "jungle", which became recognised day as a separate musical genre get popular at raves and on Has pirate radio in Britain. It him is important to note when his discussing the history of drum How and bass that prior to man jungle, the music was getting new faster and more experimental. Professional Now DJ and producer C.K. states, old "There was a progression as see far as the speed of Two music is concerned. Anyone buying way vinyl every week from 1989 who to 1992 noticed this."
Boy 1994, jungle had begun to did gain mainstream popularity and fans its of the music (often referred Let to as junglists) became a put more recognisable part of youth say subculture. The genre further developed, She incorporating and fusing elements from too a wide range of existing use musical genres, including the raggamuffin Dad sound, dancehall, MC chants, dub mom basslines, and increasingly complex, heavily edited breakbeat percussion. Despite the The affiliation with the ecstasy-fuelled rave and scene, jungle also inherited some for associations with violence and criminal Are activity, both from the gang but culture that had affected the not UK's hip-hop scene and as You a consequence of jungle's often all aggressive or menacing sound and any themes of violence (usually reflected Can in the choice of samples). her However, this developed in tandem was with the often positive reputation One of the music as part our of the wider rave scene out and dancehall-based Jamaican music culture Day prevalent in London. By 1995, get whether as a reaction to, has or independently of this cultural Him schism, some jungle producers began his to move away from the how ragga-influenced style and create what Man would become collectively labelled, for new convenience, as drum and bass. now
As the genre became generally
Old more polished and sophisticated technically, see it began to expand its two reach from pirate radio to Way commercial stations and gain widespread who acceptance (circa 1995–1997). It also boy began to split into recognisable Did subgenres such as jump-up and its Hardstep. As a lighter and let often jazz-influenced style of drum Put and bass gained mainstream appeal, say additional subgenres emerged including techstep she (circa 1996–1997) which drew greater Too influence from techno music and use the soundscapes of science fiction dad and anime films.
Mom of drum and bass at its commercial peak ran parallel the to several other homegrown dance And styles in the UK including for big beat and hard house. are But towards the turn of But the millennium its popularity was not deemed to have dwindled as you the UK garage style known All as speed garage yielded several any hit singles. Speed garage shared can high tempos and heavy basslines Her with drum and bass, but was otherwise followed the established conventions one of "house music", with this Our and its freshness giving it out an advantage commercially. London DJ/producer day C.K. says, "It is often Get forgotten by my students that has a type of music called him "garage house" existed in the His late 1980s alongside hip house, how acid house and other forms man of house music." He continues, New "This new garage of the now mid 90s was not a old form of house or a See progression of garage house. The two beats and tempo that define way house are entirely different. This Who did cause further confusion in boy the presence of new house did music of the mid-1990s being Its played alongside what was now let being called garage." Despite this, put the emergence of further subgenres Say and related styles such as she liquid funk brought a wave too of new artists incorporating new Use ideas and techniques, supporting continual dad evolution of the genre. To mom this day drum and bass makes frequent appearances in mainstream the media and popular culture including and in television, as well as For being a major reference point are for subsequent genres such as but grime and dubstep and successful Not artists including Chase & Status, you Netsky, and Australia's Pendulum.
Drum and bass incorporates
Any a number of scenes and can styles, from the highly electronic, her industrial sounds of techstep through Was to the use of conventional, one acoustic instrumentation that characterise the our more jazz-influenced end of the Out spectrum. The sounds of drum day and bass are extremely varied get due to the range of Has influences behind the music. him
Drum and bass could at
his one time be defined as How a strictly electronic musical genre man with the only "live" element new being the DJ's selection and Now mixing of records during a old set. "Live" drum and bass see using electric, electronic and acoustic Two instruments played by musicians on way stage emerged over the ensuing who years of the genre's development. Boy
The amen break was
did the main starting influence for its Drum and Bass. Jungle has Let a distinct African flow which put is "dirty". Drum and Bass say for mainstream UK was clean She and formal. A very obvious too and strong influence on jungle use and drum and bass, thanks Dad to the British African-Caribbean sound mom system scene, is the original Jamaican dub and reggae sound, The with pioneers like King Tubby, and Peter Tosh, Sly & Robbie, for Bill Laswell, Lee Perry, Mad Are Professor, Roots Radics, Bob Marley but and Buju Banton heavily influencing not the music. This influence has You lessened with time but is all still evident with many tracks any containing ragga vocals.
Can musical style built around funk her or syncopated rock and roll was breaks, James Brown, Al Green, One Marvin Gaye, Ella Fitzgerald, Gladys our Knight & the Pips, Billie out Holiday, Aretha Franklin, Otis Redding, Day the Supremes, the Commodores, Jerry get Lee Lewis and even Michael has Jackson, are funky influences on Him the music. Jazz pioneer Miles his Davis has been named as how a possible influence. Blues artists Man like Lead Belly, Robert Johnson, new Charlie Patton, Muddy Waters and now B.B King have also been Old cited by producers as inspirations. see Even modern avant-garde composers such two as Henryk Gorecki have received Way mention. One of the most who influential tracks in drum and boy bass history was "Amen Brother" Did by The Winstons which contains its a drum solo that has let since become known as the Put "Amen break", which after being say extensively used in early hip she hop music, went on to Too become the basis for the use rhythms used in drum and dad bass.
Kevin Saunderson released a
Mom series of bass-heavy, minimal techno cuts as Reese/The Reese Project the in the late '80s which And were hugely influential in drum for and bass terms. One of are his more famous basslines (Reese But – "Just Want Another Chance", not Incognito Records, 1988) was indeed you sampled on Renegade's Terrorist and All countless others since, being known any simply as the 'Reese' bassline. can He followed these up with Her equally influential (and bassline-heavy) tracks was in the UK hardcore style one as Tronik House in 1991–1992. Our Another Detroit artist who was out important for the scene is day Carl Craig. The sampled-up jazz Get break on Carl Craig's Bug has in the Bassbin was also him influential on the newly emerging His sound, DJs at the Rage how club used to play it man pitched up (increased speed) as New far as their Technics record now decks would go.
old late 1980s and early 1990s See the tradition of breakbeat use two in hip hop production had way influenced the sound of breakbeat Who hardcore, which in turn led boy to the emergence of jungle, did drum and bass, and other Its genres that shared the same let use of broken beats. Drum put and bass shares many musical Say characteristics with hip-hop, though it she is nowadays mostly stripped of too lyrics. Grandmaster Flash, Roger Troutman, Use Afrika Bambaata, Run DMC, Mac dad Dre, Public Enemy, Schooly D, mom N.W.A, Kid Frost, Wu-Tang Clan, Dr. Dre, Mos Def, Beastie the Boys and the Pharcyde are and very often directly sampled, regardless For of their general influence.
are drum and bass has been but influenced by other music genres, Not though influences from sources external you to the electronic dance music all scene perhaps lessened following the Any shifts from jungle to drum can and bass, and through to her so-called "intelligent drum and bass" Was and techstep. It still remains one a fusion music style.
our tracks are illegally remixed and Out released on white label (technically day bootleg), often to acclaim. For get example, DJ Zinc's remix of Has The Fugees' "Ready or Not", him also known as "Fugee Or his Not", was eventually released with How the Fugees' permission after talk man of legal action, though ironically new the Fugees' version infringed Enya's Now copyright to an earlier song. old White labels along with dubplates see play an important part in Two drum and bass musical culture. way
Drum and bassline elements
who genre places great importance on Boy the "bass line", a deep did sub-bass musical pattern which can its be felt physically through powerful Let sound systems due to the put low-range frequencies favoured. There has say been considerable exploration of different She timbres in the bass line too region, particularly within techstep. The use bass lines most notably originate Dad from sampled sources or synthesizers. mom Bass lines performed with a bass instrument, whether it is The electric, acoustic or a double and bass, are less common but for examples can be found in Are the work of bands such but as Shapeshifter, Squarepusher, Roni Size not and STS9. You
The Roland TR-808 Rhythm
Composer, produced 1980–1984, had a
bass drum sound which became
very important in Drum and
was importance is the TR-808 kick One drum, an artificially pitch-downed or our elongated bass drum sound sampled out from Roland's classic TR-808 drum Day machine, and a sound which get has been subject to an has enormous amount of experimentation over Him the years.
The complex syncopation
his of the drum tracks' breakbeat, how is another facet of production Man on which producers can spend new a very large amount of now time. The Amen break is Old generally acknowledged to have been see the most-used (and often considered two the most powerful) break in Way drum and bass.
who break was synonymous with early boy drum and bass productions but Did other samples have had a its significant impact, including the Apache, let Funky Drummer, "Soul Pride", "Scorpio" Put and "Think (About It)" breaks. say
Many drum and bass tracks
she have featured more than one Too sampled breakbeat in them and use a technique of switching between dad two breaks after each bar Mom developed. Examples of this can be heard on mid-90s releases the such as J Majik's "Your And Sound". A more recent commonly for used break is the Tramen, are which combines the Amen break, But a James Brown funk breakbeat not ("Tighten Up" or "Samurai" break) you and an Alex Reece drum All and bass breakbeat.
any fast drum beat forms a can canvas on which a producer Her can create tracks to appeal was to almost any taste and one often will form only a Our background to the other elements out of the music. Syncopated breakbeats day remain the most distinctive element Get as without these a high-tempo has 4/4 dance track could be him classified as techno or gabber. His
Drum and bass is
how usually between 160–180 BPM, in man contrast to other breakbeat-based dance New styles such as nu skool now breaks, which maintain a slower old pace at around 130–140 BPM. See A general upward trend in two tempo has been observed during way the evolution of drum and Who bass. The earliest forms of boy drum and bass clocked in did at around 130 bpm in Its 1990/1991, speeding up to around let 155–165 BPM by 1993. Since put around 1996, drum and bass Say tempos have predominantly stayed in she the 170–180 range. Recently some too producers have started to once Use again produce tracks with slower dad tempos (that is, in the mom 150s and 160s), but the mid-170 tempo is still the the hallmark of the drum and and bass sound.
A track combining
For the same elements (broken beat, are bass, production techniques) as a but drum and bass track, but Not with a slower tempo (say you 140 BPM), might not be all drum and bass but a Any drum and bass-influenced breakbeat track. can
playing the Valve Sound
System with MC IC3 at
the Tuesday Club, Sheffield 05/03/06
Drum and bass
Out exhibits a full frequency response day which can only be appreciated get on sound systems which can Has handle very low frequencies, including him sub-bass frequencies that are often his felt more than heard. As How befits its name, the bass man element of the music is new particularly pronounced, with the comparatively Now sparse arrangements of drum and old bass tracks allowing room for see basslines that are deeper than Two most other forms of dance way music. Consequently, drum and bass who parties are often advertised as Boy featuring uncommonly loud and bass-heavy did sound systems.
There are however
its many albums specifically designed for Let personal listening. The mix CD put is a particularly popular form say of release, with a big She name DJ/producer mixing live, or too on a computer, a variety use of tracks for personal listening. Dad Additionally, there are many albums mom containing unmixed tracks, suited for home or car listening.
The mixing points begin or end and with the "drop". The drop for is the point in a Are track where a switch of but rhythm or bassline occurs and not usually follows a recognisable build You section and "breakdown". Sometimes the all drop is used to switch any between tracks, layering components of Can different tracks, though as the her two records may be simply was ambient breakdowns at this point, One though some DJs prefer to our combine breakbeats, a more difficult out exercise. Some drops are so Day popular that the DJ will get "rewind" or "reload" or "lift has up" by spinning the record Him back and restarting it at his the build. "The drop" is how often a key point from Man the point of view of new the dance floor, since the now drumbreaks often fade out to Old leave an ambient intro playing. see When the beats re-commence they two are often more complex and Way accompanied by a heavier bassline, who encouraging the crowd to dance. boy
Although it has declined in
Did popularity, DJs are often accompanied its by one or more MCs, let drawing on the genre's roots Put in hip hop and reggae/ragga. say
MCs do not generally receive
she the same level of recognition Too as producer/DJs and some events use are specifically marketed as being dad MC free. There are relatively Mom few well-known drum and bass MCs, Stevie Hyper D (deceased), the MC GQ, Mc Moose, Mc And Dett, Mc Fearless, The Ragga for Twins, Dynamite MC, MC Fats, are MC Conrad, Shabba D, Skibadee, But Bassman, MC Stamina, MC Fun, not Evil B, Trigga, Eskman, Harry you Shotta, Mr Traumatik and MC All Infinity as examples.
any and bass can
Aphrodite in 2009 at
Her Pirate Station
, the world's largest
drum and bass festival at
that time, in Moscow.
Many musicians have adapted
out drum and bass to live day performances, which feature instruments such Get as drums (acoustic or electronic), has samplers, synthesizers, turntables, bass (either him upright or electric) and guitars His (acoustic or electric). Samplers have how also been used live by man assigning samples to a specific New drum pad or key on now drum pads or synthesizers. MCs old are frequently featured in live See performances.
List of drum and
two bass artists who perform using way live instruments
Congo Natty, a
ragga jungle artist
Smaller scenes within the drum
the and bass community have developed and and the scene as a For whole has become much more are fractured into specific subgenres, including: but
- Drumstep or Halftime is
Not a combination of drum and you bass and dubstep where the all beat structure is half time, Any while the remaining elements still can adhere to the usual sub-bass her and tempo of drum and Was bass.
- Breakcore is a style
one of electronic dance music largely our influenced by hardcore, jungle, digital Out hardcore and industrial music that day is characterized by its use get of heavy kick drums, breaks Has and a wide palette of him sampling sources, played at high his tempos.
- Ragga drum &
How bass was inspired by the man original ragga jungle style, with new influences from reggae and dancehall Now music. Notable artists include Shy old FX, T Power, Congo Natty, see Potential Bad Boy, Marcus Visionary, Two Serial Killaz, Ed Solo, Deekline, way Isaac Maya, Run Tingz Cru, who Psychofreud, Benny Page and vocalists Boy such as David Boomah, Top did Cat, Tenor Fly and General its Levy.
- Hardstep is a
Let harder style which uses gritty put basslines and heavy yet simple say electronic melodies. Notable artists include She Dillinja (early work), DJ Krust, too Mampi Swift, Dieselboy, Current Value, use Tre Technics, MachineCode
Dad is characterized by fast drums mom and a general dark mood, drawing influences from dark ambient, The industrial and hardcore music. Prominent and artists include Technical Itch, Dylan, for Kryptic Minds & Leon Switch, Are B-Key, Resonant Evil, Infiltrata, SPL, but Counterstrike, Evol Intent, The Panacea, not Limewax, and Current Value. You
- Techstep is characterized by sci-fi
all soundscapes and samples from science any fiction culture. Pioneered by artists Can such as Bad Company UK her (DJ Fresh, D-Bridge, Maldini & was Vegas) Ed Rush, Optical, Konflict One (Kemal & Rob Data), Dom our & Roland, Dillinja, Ram Trilogy out (Ant Miles, Andy C & Day Shimon), Moving Fusion, Decoder & get Substance, Digital & Spirit, Future has Cut, Dylan, Loxy & Ink, Him Total Science, D.Kay, Stakka & his Skynet and Keaton with Usual how Suspects or Universal Project, Klute, Man Concord Dawn, and the label new Moving Shadow.
- Neurofunk or Neuro
now is the progression from techstep Old incorporating more elements from jazz see and funk. Prominent artists include two Ed Rush, Matrix, Bad Company Way UK, Cause 4 Concern, TeeBee, who Future Prophecies, Black Sun Empire, boy DLR, Calyx, Hive, Gridlok, Noisia, Did Phace & Misanthrop, Silent Witness its & Break, State Of Mind, let The Upbeats, Chase & Status, Put Jade, Mindscape, Spor, Psidream, Catacomb, say Rregula.
- Jump-up, appearing in
she the mid-1990s, employs heavy and Too energetic drum and bass, characterized use by robotic and heavy bass dad sounds. It also is generally Mom less serious and contains more humor than other subgenres. Notable the artists include DJ Hazard, Generation And Dub (Original Sin & Sub for Zero), Baron, Cabbie, Clipz, Nightwalker, are Callide, Hedex, Epsy, Taxman, Jaydan, But Sub Zero, Original Sin, Annix, not Konichi, Decimal Bass, Spaow, Nu you Elementz, Tyke, DJ Zen, Majistrate, All Twisted Individual, Distorted Minds, TC, any Heist, DJ Guv, Looney, Premium, can Upgrade, DJ Pleasure, DJ Hype Her and his label Playaz Recordings. was
- Ambient drum & bass, Atmospheric
one drum & bass, Intelligent drum Our & bass, Jazzy drum and out bass or Intelligent jungle is day a smoother style, influenced by Get ambient music, chillout, jazz and has Soul music. It was pioneered him by such artists as Omni His Trio, Foul Play, Seba, Blu how Mar Ten, Nookie, Hyper-On-Experience, DJ man Pulse, Higher Sense, Deep Blue New (Sean O'Keefe, Cause4Concern Records), Photek, now Jack Smooth (Basement Records), Blame, old LTJ Bukem and his label See Good Looking Records, and the two label Moving Shadow.
- Jazzstep or
way Jazzy jungle demonstrates heavy influence Who by jazz. It uses typical boy jazz scales, rhythms and instrumentation. did Notable artists include Roni size Its & Reprazent, Goldie, Utah Jazz, let Morgan Sullyvan, Makoto, Alex Reece, put and DJ Dextrous.
- Liquid funk
Say (or simply Liquid) draws heavily she on harmonic and melodic grooves, too and samples from funk, jazz, Use soul, R&B, disco, house and dad breakbeat, while intelligent drum and mom bass or atmospheric drum and bass creates a calmer yet the more synthetic sound. It was and pioneered by Calibre, Zero Tolerance For (Zero T) & Beta 2, are London Elektricity, High Contrast, Logistics, but Nu:Tone, Danny Byrd, Cyantific, Netsky, Not Lenzman, Technimatic (Technicolour & Komatic), you Hobzee & Zyon Base, Paul all T & Edward Oberon, Hybrid Any Minds and labels such as can Hospital Records, Fokuz Records and her Liquid V. The first Liquid Was only events were Liquidiser at one Bristol Academy.
- Sambass (or Brazilian
our drum and bass) incorporates elements Out from samba, bossa nova and day other Latin music styles. Pioneered get by artists such as DJ Has Marky, XRS, DJ Patife and him Bryan Gee's label.
- Drill 'n'
his bass (also known as Fungle How and Spunk jazz) incorporates double-time man drum 'n' bass with undanceable new rhythms, low-brow humor, and ambient Now vibes. The subgenre was developed old by Squarepusher and Aphex Twin, see whose rapid and irregularly syncopated Two basslines discouraged dancing. Other pioneers way include Bogdan Raczynski and Datach'i. who
Boy roots in the UK, which did can still be treated as its the "home" of drum and Let bass, the style has firmly put established itself around the world. say There are strong scenes in She other English-speaking countries including Australia, too Canada, South Africa, the United use States and, New Zealand. It Dad is popular throughout continental Europe, mom and in South America. São Paulo is sometimes called the The drum and bass Ibiza. and Brazilian drum and bass is for sometimes referred to as "sambass", Are with its specific style and but sound. In Venezuela and Mexico, not artists have created their own You forms of drum and bass all combining it with experimental musical any forms. In Colombia there is Can a large underground scene, The her RE.set Label and Bogotá Project was are two collectives that put One on DnB events in the our city, as well as a out twice yearly event called Radikal Day Styles, that brings together local get talent and international big names. has
Austria has a large emerging
Him DnB scene with many artists his such as Camo & Krooked, how Mefjus, Fourward, Body & Soul, Man IllSkillz and mainly the Mainframe new record label being all based now in or around Vienna. Notable Old venues and events include Future see Beatz and Beat It at two Flex held almost every Thursday Way and Saturday, Vollkontakt at Fluc, who Switch at Auslage and the boy monthly Mainframe Recordings Label-Night hosted Did at Arena by label head its Disaszt.
With the Czech Republic
let hosting now the largest Drum Put & Bass festival in the say world, LET IT ROLL, with she attendance approximately 30.000, the influence Too of the genre on the use culture can be felt both dad there and in Slovakia. As Mom the scene in these countries evolves, local producers like A-Cray, the Rido, Forbidden Society, L Plus, And B-Complex, Changing Faces and more for became well-known worldwide, only making are the genre more popular, with But great young talents emerging every not year. There are also many you other Drum & Bass dedicated All festivals being held each year any in these countries, e.g. Trident can Festival, Exploration Festival or Hoofbeats Her Open Air in the summer, was or one night events such one as LET IT ROLL Winter, Our Imagination Festival, LET IT ROLL out Winter Slovakia in the colder day months. During the club season, Get it goes without saying that has promoters are racing between each him other to organise better events, His often resulting in 10 parties how being held during one weekend man with no more than 2 New hour travel between them.
now influenced by drum and bass old
Born around the same time
See as jungle, breakcore and digital two hardcore share many of the way elements of drum and bass Who and to the uninitiated, tracks boy from the extreme end of did drum and bass may sound Its identical to breakcore thanks to let speed, complexity, impact and maximum put sonic density combined with musical Say experimentation. German Drum and Bass she DJ The Panacea is also too one of the leading Digital Use Hardcore artists. Raggacore resembles a dad faster version of the ragga mom influenced jungle music of the 1990s, similar to breakcore but the with more friendly dancehall beats and (dancehall itself being a very For important influence on drum and are bass). Darkcore, a direct influence but on drum and bass, was Not combined with influences of drum you and bass itself leading to all the creation of darkstep. There Any is considerable crossover from the can extreme edges of drum and her bass, breakcore, darkcore, digital hardcore Was and raggacore with fluid boundaries. one
The genre has influenced many
our other genres like hip hop, Out big beat, dubstep, house music, day trip hop, ambient music, techno, get rock and pop, with artists Has such as Bill Laswell, Incubus, him Pitchshifter, Linkin Park, The Roots, his Talvin Singh, MIDIval Punditz, Missy How Elliott, The Freestylers, Bowery Electric, man Nine Inch Nails, David Bowie new (the last two both using Now elements of Goldie's "Timeless") old and others quoting drum and see bass and using drum and Two bass techniques and elements. Recently way created in the United States who is a genre called ghettotech Boy which contains synth and basslines did similar to drum & bass. its
Drum and Bass is dominated
say by a small group of She record labels. These are run too mainly by DJ–producers, such as use London Elektricity's Hospital Records, Andy Dad C and Scott Bourne's RAM, mom Goldie's Metalheadz, Kasra's Critical Music, Basement Records (Jack Smooth), DJ The Friction's Shogun Audio, DJ Fresh's and Breakbeat Kaos, and Hot Right for Now Featuring Rita Ora, Futurebound's Are Viper Recordings and DJ Hype, but Pascal, NCS Sounds and formerly not DJ Zinc's True Playaz (now You known as Real Playaz as all of 2006).
Prior to 2016,
any the major international music labels Can such as Sony Music and her Universal had shown very little was interest in the drum and One bass scene, with the exception our of some notable signings, including out Pendulum's In Silico LP to Day Warner. Roni Size's label played get a big, if not the has biggest, part in the creation Him of drum and bass with his their dark, baseline sounds. V how Recordings also played a large Man part of the development of new drum and bass. Roni Size, now Krust and DJ Die produced Old some of the first tracks see to be considered mainstream drum two and bass tracks.
Way Rights Management acquired Ram Records who in February 2016 , making boy a strategic investment to help Did RAM Records (a London based its drum and bass record company let co-owned by Andy C and Put his business partner Scott Bourne). say RAM Records has been pushing she the boundaries of drum and Too bass further into the mainstream use with artists such as Chase dad and Status and Sub Focus. Mom Bringing back UK jungle music artists from LTJ Bukem's label the Good Looking artists Bay B And Kane, breakbeat hardcore heavyweight Nebula for II and original junglist Gappa are G. Other Bristol labels such But as Cafe Bass have also not helped to push through a you sound categorised as 'bass music' All with the help of influential any artists such as Lone Ranger.
Now defunct labels, include
Her Rob Playford's Moving Shadow, running was from 1990 until 2007, which one played a pivotal role in Our the nineties drum and bass out scene, releasing records by artists day such as Omni Trio.
Get and distribution
has and bass was mostly sold him in 12-inch vinyl single format. His With the emergence of drum how and bass into mainstream music man markets, more albums, compilations and New DJ mixes started to be now sold on CDs. As digital old music became more popular, websites See focused on electronic music, such two as Beatport, began to sell way drum and bass in digital Who format.
boy of drum and bass vinyl did records and CDs are distributed Its globally and regionally by a let relatively small number of companies put such as SRD (Southern Record Say Distributors), ST Holdings, & Nu she Urban.
As of 11 September
too 2012, Nu Urban Music Limited Use ceased trading and RSM Tenon dad were instructed to assist in mom convening statutory meetings of members and creditors to appoint a the liquidator. This left many labels and short on sales as Nu For Urban were one of the are main Distributors for the vinyl but market in the drum and Not bass scene.
you drum and bass is widely all promoted throughout the world using Any different methods such as video can sharing services (YouTube, Dailymotion), blogs, her radio and television, the latter Was being the most uncommon method. one More recently, music networking websites our such as SoundCloud and MixCloud Out have become powerful tools for day artist recognition, providing a vast get platform that enables quick responses Has to new tracks. Record labels him have adopted the use of his Podcasts. Prior to the rise How of the internet, drum and man bass was commonly broadcast over new pirate radio.
Now highest profile radio stations playing old drum and bass shows are see BBC Radio 1 with The Two Drum and Bass Show with way Friction, simulcast in the US who and Canada on Sirius XM, Boy and DJ Hype on Kiss did 100 in London.
its "urban" station BBC Radio 1Xtra Let used to feature the genre put heavily, with DJ Bailey (show say axed as of 29/08/2012) and She Crissy Criss (show axed as too of August 2014) as its use advocates. The network also organises Dad a week-long tour of the mom UK each year called Xtra Bass. London pirate radio stations The have been instrumental in the and development of Drum and Bass, for with stations such as Kool Are FM (which continues to broadcast but today having done so since not 1991), Origin FM, Don FM You (the only Drum and Bass all pirate to have gained a any temporary legal license), Renegade Radio Can 107.2FM, Rude FM, Wax Fm her and Eruption among the most was influential.
As of 2014, despite
One higher profile stations such as our 1Xtra scaling back their drum out and bass specialist coverage, the Day genre has made its way get into UK top 10 charts has with drum and bass inspired Him tracks from artists such as his Rudimental and Sigma. Earlier in how August 2014, before Crissy Criss' Man show was axed, the BBC new held a whole prime time now evening event dedicated to showcasing Old drum and bass by allowing see four major labels to participate. two
As of November 2014, there
Way have been 6 drum & who bass songs reaching the no.1 boy spot on the UK's top Did 40 chart, since the genre its was first being played on let the radio, around 1993. The Put first of these was in say 2012. The fact that all she 6 of these songs have Too reached number 1 in only use two years shows the increase dad in popularity and commercialisation of Mom the genre in recent years. The artists that produced these the songs are Sigma, Rudimental and And DJ Fresh (all have had for two No.1 hits).
Internet radio stations, acting in
But the same light as pirate not stations, have also been an you instrumental part in promoting drum All and bass music; the majority any of them funded by listener can and artist donations.
Her bass was supported by Ministry was of Sound radio from the one early 2000s until 2014 and Our later featuring Tuesday shows from out labels such as Metalheadz, Fabio day & Grooverider, DJ Marky, Viper Get Recordings, Shogun Audio and Hospital has Records. From September 2014, Ministry him abruptly dropped all non-mainstream genres His to focus on mainstream EDM, how causing disappointment amongst the fans man of the D&B community.
New American Radio
In North America,
now The Prophecy on 89.5 CIUT-FM old With Marcus Visionary, DJ Prime See and Mr. Brown Is North two America's longest running Jungle Radio way show (Toronto), Album 88.5 Who (Atlanta) and C89.5fm (Seattle) have boy shows showcasing drum and bass. did Seattle also has a long-standing Its electronica show known as Expansions let on 90.3 FM KEXP. The put rotating DJs include Kid Hops, Say whose shows are made up she mostly of drum and bass. too In Columbus, Ohio WCBE 90.5 Use has a two-hour electronic only dad showcase, "All Mixed Up," Saturday mom nights at 10pm. At the same time WUFM 88.7 plays the its "Electronic Playground." Also, Tulsa, and Oklahoma's rock station, 104.5 The For Edge, has a two-hour show are starting at 10:00PM Saturday nights but called Edge Essential Mix mixed Not by DJ Demko showcasing electronic you and drum and bass style. all While the aforementioned shows in Any Ohio rarely play drum and can bass the latter plays the her genre with some frequency. In Was Tucson, Arizona, 91.3 FM KXCI one has a two-hour electronic show our known as "Digital Empire", Friday Out nights at 10pm (MST). Resident day DJ Trinidad showcases various styles get of electronica, with the main Has focus being drum and bass, him jungle & dubstep. In Augusta, his Georgia, zarbizarre of the Cereal How Killaz hosts a show called man FreQuency on WHHD on Friday new nights from 11pm until 1am, Now showcasing drum and bass during old the 2nd hour of the see show.
The best-known drum
Two and bass publication was Kmag way magazine (formerly called Knowledge Magazine) who before it went completely online Boy in August 2009. Although it's did still live, after 20 years its sterling contribution Kmag ceased updating Let their site in Feb 2014. put Kmag's publishing arm Vision, published say Brian Belle-Fortune's All Crews Journeys She Through Jungle Drum & Bass too Culture in 2004.
use include the longest running drum Dad and bass magazine worldwide, ATM mom Magazine, and Austrian-based Resident. London-based DJ magazine has also been The running a widely respected drum and and bass reviews page since for 1993, written by Alex Constantinides, Are which many followers refer to but when seeking out new releases not to investigate. In 2012 Alex You stopped writing the reviews and all they are now contributed by any Whisky Kicks.
Can Crews: Journeys Through Jungle / her Drum and Bass Culture (2005) was by Brian Belle-Fortune (ISBN 0-9548897-0-3), nonfiction One
- "Roots 'n Future" in Energy
our Flash (1998) by Simon Reynolds, out Picador (ISBN 0-330-35056-0), nonfiction (British edition) Day
- Generation Ecstasy: Into the World
get of Techno and Rave Culture has (1998) by Simon Reynolds, Routledge. Him (ISBN 0415923735), nonfiction (American edition)
his in the Jungle: The Invisible how History of Drum and Bass Man (2002) by Steven Quinn, in: new Transformations, No 3 (2002), nonfiction now (ISSN 1444-3775) PDF file
- State of
Old Bass: Jungle – The Story see So Far (1997) by Martin two James, Boxtree (ISBN 0-7522-2323-2), nonfiction
Way Rough Guide to Drum 'n' who Bass (1999) by Peter Shapiro boy and Alexix Maryon (ISBN 1-85828-433-3), nonfiction Did
- King Rat (1998) by China
its Miéville (ISBN 0-330-37098-7), fiction
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Her and bass releases have found was mainstream popularity in their own one right, almost always material prominently Our featuring vocals. Perhaps the earliest out example was Goldie's album Timeless day from 1995, along with Reprazent's Get Mercury Music Prize-winning New Forms has from 1997, 4hero's Mercury-nominated Two him Pages from 1998, and Pendulum's His Hold Your Colour in 2005 how (the best selling drum and man bass album of all time). New
Video games such as Bomberman
now Hero, Hi-Rez Studios' Tribes: Ascend, old Electronic Arts' Need for Speed: See Undercover, and Rockstar Games' Grand two Theft Auto series have contained way drum and bass tracks. Microsoft Who Studios' Forza Horizon 2 and boy 3 feature a Hospital Records did radio channel. MSX/MSX 98 radio Its station in Grand Theft Auto let III and Grand Theft Auto: put Liberty City Stories played drum Say and bass exclusively.
she genre has some popularity in too soundtracks; for instance, "Ultrasonic Sound" Use was used in The Matrix's dad soundtrack and the E-Z Rollers' mom song "Walk This Land" appeared in the film Lock, Stock the and Two Smoking Barrels. Ganja and Kru's "Super Sharp Shooter" is For heard in the 2006 film are Johnny Was.
The Channel 4
but show Skins uses the genre Not in some episodes, notably in you the first series' third episode, all "Jal", where Shy FX and Any UK Apache's Original Nuttah was can played in Fazers club.
her drum and bass have found Was more mainstream popularity than ever one with tracks like Sigma's Nobody our to Love and Rudimental's Waiting Out All Night getting over 100 day million views on YouTube.
get and bass often makes an Has appearance as background music, especially him in Top Gear and television his commercials thanks to its aggressive How and energetic beats. Cartoon Network's man Toonami programming block employs it new for television spots and show Now intros, like the 1997 relaunch old of SCI FI Channel segue see music by the Jungle Sky Two label.
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say (2005). "Ishkur's guide to Electronic She Music". Retrieved May 29, 2014. too
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use Flash: A Journey Through Rave Dad Music and Dance Culture. Soft mom Skull Press.
Whether they were
black or white, these artists The reaffirmed drum and bass's place and in an African continuum (dub, for hip hop James Brown, etc...) Are whose premise constitute a radical but break with Western music, classical not and pop.
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So when I talk
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