Was and bass (also written as one "drum 'n' bass" or "drum our & bass"; commonly abbreviated as Out "D&B", "DnB" or "D'n'B"), is day a genre and branch of get electronic music which emerged from Has rave and jungle scenes in him Britain during the early 1990s. his The style is often characterised How by fast breakbeats (typically 160–180 man beats per minute) with heavy new bass and sub-bass lines, sampled Now sources, and synthesizers.
old of drum and bass at see its commercial peak ran parallel Two to several other homegrown dance way styles in the UK including who big beat and hard house. Boy Drum and bass incorporates a did number of scenes and styles. its A major influence on jungle Let and drum and bass was put the original Jamaican dub and say reggae sound. Another feature of She the style is the complex too syncopation of the drum tracks' use breakbeat.
Drum and bass subgenres
Dad include breakcore, ragga jungle, hardstep, mom darkstep, techstep, neurofunk, ambient drum and bass, liquid funk, deep, The drumfunk, funkstep, sambass, dnbnoise, and and drill 'n' bass. From its for roots in the UK, the Are style has established itself around but the world. Drum and bass not has influenced many other genres You like hip hop, big beat, all dubstep, house, trip hop, ambient any music, techno, jazz, rock and Can pop. Drum and bass is her dominated by a relatively small was group of record labels. The One major international music labels had our shown very little interest in out the drum and bass scene, Day until BMG Rights Management acquired get RAM in February 2016. . has Drum and bass remains most Him popular in the UK although his it has developed scenes all how around the world, in countries Man such as the United States, new Germany, the Netherlands, Belgium, New now Zealand, Greece, Canada, Austria, the Old Czech Republic, Slovakia and Australia. see
In the late 1980s
any and early 1990s, a growing can nightclub and overnight outdoor event Her culture gave birth to a was new electronic music style in one the rave scene, which combined Our sampled syncopated beats or breakbeats, out and other samples from a day wide range of different musical Get genres and, occasionally, samples of has music, dialogue and effects from him films and television programmes. A His faster subgenre was known as how "hardcore" but from as early man as 1991, some musical tracks New made up of these high-tempo now break beats, with heavy basslines old and samples of older Jamaican See music, were referred to as two "jungle techno", a genre influenced way by Jack Smooth and Basement Who Records, and later just "jungle", boy which became recognised as a did separate musical genre popular at Its raves and on pirate radio let in Britain. It is important put to note when discussing the Say history of drum and bass she that prior to jungle, the too music was getting faster and Use more experimental. Professional DJ and dad producer C.K. states, "There was mom a progression as far as the speed of music is the concerned. Anyone buying vinyl every and week from 1989 to 1992 For noticed this."
By 1994, jungle
are had begun to gain mainstream but popularity and fans of the Not music (often referred to as you junglists) became a more recognisable all part of youth subculture. The Any genre further developed, incorporating and can fusing elements from a wide her range of existing musical genres, Was including the raggamuffin sound, dancehall, one MC chants, dub basslines, and our increasingly complex, heavily edited breakbeat Out percussion. Despite the affiliation with day the ecstasy-fuelled rave scene, jungle get also inherited some associations with Has violence and criminal activity, both him from the gang culture that his had affected the UK's hip-hop How scene and as a consequence man of jungle's often aggressive or new menacing sound and themes of Now violence (usually reflected in the old choice of samples). However, this see developed in tandem with the Two often positive reputation of the way music as part of the who wider rave scene and dancehall-based Boy Jamaican music culture prevalent in did London. By 1995, whether as its a reaction to, or independently Let of this cultural schism, some put jungle producers began to move say away from the ragga-influenced style She and create what would become too collectively labelled, for convenience, as use drum and bass.
Dad genre became generally more polished mom and sophisticated technically, it began to expand its reach from The pirate radio to commercial stations and and gain widespread acceptance (circa for 1995–1997). It also began to Are split into recognisable subgenres such but as jump-up and Hardstep. As not a lighter and often jazz-influenced You style of drum and bass all gained mainstream appeal, additional subgenres any emerged including techstep (circa 1996–1997) Can which drew greater influence from her techno music and the soundscapes was of science fiction and anime One films.
The popularity of drum
our and bass at its commercial out peak ran parallel to several Day other homegrown dance styles in get the UK including big beat has and hard house. But towards Him the turn of the millennium his its popularity was deemed to how have dwindled as the UK Man garage style known as speed new garage yielded several hit singles. now Speed garage shared high tempos Old and heavy basslines with drum see and bass, but otherwise followed two the established conventions of "house Way music", with this and its who freshness giving it an advantage boy commercially. London DJ/producer C.K. says, Did "It is often forgotten by its my students that a type let of music called "garage house" Put existed in the late 1980s say alongside hip house, acid house she and other forms of house Too music." He continues, "This new use garage of the mid 90s dad was not a form of Mom house or a progression of garage house. The beats and the tempo that define house are And entirely different. This did cause for further confusion in the presence are of new house music of But the mid-1990s being played alongside not what was now being called you garage." Despite this, the emergence All of further subgenres and related any styles such as liquid funk can brought a wave of new Her artists incorporating new ideas and was techniques, supporting continual evolution of one the genre. To this day Our drum and bass makes frequent out appearances in mainstream media and day popular culture including in television, Get as well as being a has major reference point for subsequent him genres such as grime and His dubstep and successful artists including how Chase & Status, Netsky, and man Australia's Pendulum.
Drum and bass incorporates a
now number of scenes and styles, old from the highly electronic, industrial See sounds of techstep through to two the use of conventional, acoustic way instrumentation that characterise the more Who jazz-influenced end of the spectrum. boy The sounds of drum and did bass are extremely varied due Its to the range of influences let behind the music.
put and bass could at one Say time be defined as a she strictly electronic musical genre with too the only "live" element being Use the DJ's selection and mixing dad of records during a set. mom "Live" drum and bass using electric, electronic and acoustic instruments the played by musicians on stage and emerged over the ensuing years For of the genre's development. are
The Amen Break was
but the main starting influence for Not Drum and Bass. Jungle has you a distinct African flow which all is "dirty". Drum and Bass Any for mainstream UK was "clean" can and formal. A very obvious her and strong influence on jungle Was and drum and bass, thanks one to the British African-Caribbean sound our system scene, is the original Out Jamaican dub and reggae sound, day with pioneers like King Tubby, get Peter Tosh, Sly & Robbie, Has Bill Laswell, Lee Perry, Mad him Professor, Roots Radics, Bob Marley his and Buju Banton heavily influencing How the music. This influence has man lessened with time but is new still evident with many tracks Now containing ragga vocals.
old musical style built around funk see or syncopated rock and roll Two breaks, James Brown, Al Green, way Marvin Gaye, Ella Fitzgerald, Gladys who Knight & the Pips, Billie Boy Holiday, Aretha Franklin, Otis Redding, did the Supremes, the Commodores, Jerry its Lee Lewis and even Michael Let Jackson, are funky influences on put the music. Jazz pioneer Miles say Davis has been named as She a possible influence. Blues artists too like Lead Belly, Robert Johnson, use Charlie Patton, Muddy Waters and Dad B.B King have also been mom cited by producers as inspirations. Even modern avant-garde composers such The as Henryk Gorecki have received and mention. One of the most for influential tracks in drum and Are bass history was "Amen Brother" but by The Winstons which contains not a drum solo that has You since become known as the all "Amen break", which after being any extensively used in early hip Can hop music, went on to her become the basis for the was rhythms used in drum and One bass.
Kevin Saunderson released a
our series of bass-heavy, minimal techno out cuts as Reese/The Reese Project Day in the late '80s which get were hugely influential in drum has and bass terms. One of Him his more famous basslines (Reese his – "Just Want Another Chance", how Incognito Records, 1988) was indeed Man sampled on Renegade's Terrorist and new countless others since, being known now simply as the 'Reese' bassline. Old He followed these up with see equally influential (and bassline-heavy) tracks two in the UK hardcore style Way as Tronik House in 1991–1992. who Another Detroit artist who was boy important for the scene is Did Carl Craig. The sampled-up jazz its break on Carl Craig's Bug let in the Bassbin was also Put influential on the newly emerging say sound, DJs at the Rage she club used to play it Too pitched up (increased speed) as use far as their Technics record dad decks would go.
Mom late 1980s and early 1990s the tradition of breakbeat use the in hip hop production had And influenced the sound of breakbeat for hardcore, which in turn led are to the emergence of jungle, But drum and bass, and other not genres that shared the same you use of broken beats. Drum All and bass shares many musical any characteristics with hip-hop, though it can is nowadays mostly stripped of Her lyrics. Grandmaster Flash, Roger Troutman, was Afrika Bambaata, Run DMC, Mac one Dre, Public Enemy, Schooly D, Our N.W.A, Kid Frost, Wu-Tang Clan, out Dr. Dre, Mos Def, Beastie day Boys and the Pharcyde are Get very often directly sampled, regardless has of their general influence.
him drum and bass has been His influenced by other music genres, how though influences from sources external man to the electronic dance music New scene perhaps lessened following the now shifts from jungle to drum old and bass, and through to See so-called "intelligent drum and bass" two and techstep. It still remains way a fusion music style.
Who tracks are illegally remixed and boy released on white label (technically did bootleg), often to acclaim. For Its example, DJ Zinc's remix of let The Fugees' "Ready or Not", put also known as "Fugee Or Say Not", was eventually released with she the Fugees' permission after talk too of legal action, though ironically Use the Fugees' version infringed Enya's dad copyright to an earlier song. mom White labels along with dubplates play an important part in the drum and bass musical culture. and
Drum and bassline elements
The genre places great importance
are on the "bass line", a but deep sub-bass musical pattern which Not can be felt physically through you powerful sound systems due to all the low-range frequencies favoured. There Any has been considerable exploration of can different timbres in the bass her line region, particularly within techstep. Was The bass lines most notably one originate from sampled sources or our synthesizers. Bass lines performed with Out a bass instrument, whether it day is electric, acoustic or a get double bass, are less common Has but examples can be found him in the work of artists his such as Shapeshifter, Squarepusher, Pendulum, How Roni Size and STS9. man
The Roland TR-808 Rhythm
Composer, produced 1980–1984, had a
bass drum sound which became
very important in Drum and
Of equal importance is
Two the TR-808 kick drum, an way artificially pitch-downed or elongated bass who drum sound sampled from Roland's Boy classic TR-808 drum machine, and did a sound which has been its subject to an enormous amount Let of experimentation over the years. put
The complex syncopation of the
say drum tracks' breakbeat, is another She facet of production on which too producers can spend a very use large amount of time. The Dad Amen break is generally acknowledged mom to have been the most-used (and often considered the most The powerful) break in drum and and bass.
The Amen break was
for synonymous with early drum and Are bass productions but other samples but have had a significant impact, not including the Apache, Funky Drummer, You "Soul Pride", "Scorpio" and "Think all (About It)" breaks.
any and bass tracks have featured Can more than one sampled breakbeat her in them and a technique was of switching between two breaks One after each bar developed. Examples our of this can be heard out on mid-90s releases such as Day J Majik's "Your Sound". A get more recent commonly used break has is the Tramen, which combines Him the Amen break, a James his Brown funk breakbeat ("Tighten Up" how or "Samurai" break) and an Man Alex Reece drum and bass new breakbeat.
The relatively fast drum
now beat forms a canvas on Old which a producer can create see tracks to appeal to almost two any taste and often will Way form only a background to who the other elements of the boy music. Syncopated breakbeats remain the Did most distinctive element as without its these a high-tempo 4/4 dance let track could be classified as Put techno or gabber.
Drum and bass is usually
she between 160–180 BPM, in contrast Too to other breakbeat-based dance styles use such as nu skool breaks, dad which maintain a slower pace Mom at around 130–140 BPM. A general upward trend in tempo the has been observed during the And evolution of drum and bass. for The earliest forms of drum are and bass clocked in at But around 130 bpm in 1990/1991, not speeding up to around 155–165 you BPM by 1993. Since around All 1996, drum and bass tempos any have predominantly stayed in the can 170–180 range. Recently some producers Her have started to once again was produce tracks with slower tempos one (that is, in the 150s Our and 160s), but the mid-170 out tempo is still the hallmark day of the drum and bass Get sound.
A track combining the
has same elements (broken beat, bass, him production techniques) as a drum His and bass track, but with how a slower tempo (say 140 man BPM), might not be drum New and bass but a drum now and bass-influenced breakbeat track. old
Drum and bass
two exhibits a full frequency response way which can sometimes only be Who fully appreciated on sound systems boy which can handle very low did frequencies, including sub-bass frequencies that Its are often felt more than let heard. As befits its name, put the bass element of the Say music is particularly pronounced, with she the comparatively sparse arrangements of too drum and bass tracks allowing Use room for basslines that are dad deeper than most other forms mom of dance music. Consequently, drum and bass parties are often the advertised as featuring uncommonly loud and and bass-heavy sound systems.
For are however many albums specifically are designed for personal listening. The but mix CD is a particularly Not popular form of release, with you a big name DJ/producer mixing all live, or on a computer, Any a variety of tracks for can personal listening. Additionally, there are her many albums containing unmixed tracks, Was suited for home or car one listening.
Many mixing points begin
our or end with the "drop". Out The drop is the point day in a track where a get switch of rhythm or bassline Has occurs and usually follows a him recognisable build section and "breakdown". his Sometimes the drop is used How to switch between tracks, layering man components of different tracks, though new as the two records may Now be simply ambient breakdowns at old this point, though some DJs see prefer to combine breakbeats, a Two more difficult exercise. Some drops way are so popular that the who DJ will "rewind" or "reload" Boy or "lift up" by spinning did the record back and restarting its it at the build. "The Let drop" is often a key put point from the point of say view of the dance floor, She since the drumbreaks often fade too out to leave an ambient use intro playing. When the beats Dad re-commence they are often more mom complex and accompanied by a heavier bassline, encouraging the crowd The to dance.
Although it has
and declined in popularity, DJs are for often accompanied by one or Are more MCs, drawing on the but genre's roots in hip hop not and reggae/ragga.
MCs do not
You generally receive the same level all of recognition as producer/DJs and any some events are specifically marketed Can as being MC free. There her are relatively few well-known drum was and bass MCs, Stevie Hyper One D (deceased), MC GQ, Mc our Moose, Mc Dett, Mc Fearless, out The Ragga Twins, Dynamite MC, Day MC Fats, MC Conrad, Shabba get D, Skibadee, Bassman, MC Stamina, has MC Fun, Evil B, Trigga, Him Eskman, Harry Shotta, Mr Traumatik his and MC Infinity as examples. how
Live drum and bass
Aphrodite in 2009 at
new Pirate Station
, the world's largest
drum and bass festival at
that time, in Moscow.
see musicians have adapted drum and two bass to live performances, which Way feature instruments such as drums who (acoustic or electronic), samplers, synthesizers, boy turntables, bass (either upright or Did electric) and guitars (acoustic or its electric). Samplers have also been let used live by assigning samples Put to a specific drum pad say or key on drum pads she or synthesizers. MCs are frequently Too featured in live performances. use
List of drum and bass
dad artists who perform using live Mom instruments
a ragga jungle artist
was scenes within the drum and one bass community have developed and Our the scene as a whole out has become much more fractured day into specific subgenres, including: Get
- Drumstep or Halftime is a
has combination of drum and bass him and dubstep where the beat His structure is half time, while how the remaining elements still adhere man to the usual sub-bass and New tempo of drum and bass. now
- Breakcore is a style of
old electronic dance music largely influenced See by hardcore, jungle, digital hardcore two and industrial music that is way characterized by its use of Who heavy kick drums, breaks and boy a wide palette of sampling did sources, played at high tempos.
- Ragga drum & bass
let was inspired by the original put ragga jungle style, with influences Say from reggae and dancehall music. she Notable artists include Shy FX, too T Power, Congo Natty, Potential Use Bad Boy, Marcus Visionary, Serial dad Killaz, Ed Solo, Deekline, Isaac mom Maya, Run Tingz Cru, Psychofreud, Benny Page and vocalists such the as David Boomah, Top Cat, and Tenor Fly and General Levy.
- Hardstep is a harder
are style which uses gritty basslines but and heavy yet simple electronic Not melodies. Notable artists include Dillinja you (early work), DJ Krust, Mampi all Swift, Dieselboy, Current Value, Tre Any Technics, MachineCode
- Darkstep is
can characterized by fast drums and her a general dark mood, drawing Was influences from dark ambient, industrial one and hardcore music. Prominent artists our include Technical Itch, Dylan, Kryptic Out Minds & Leon Switch, B-Key, day Resonant Evil, Infiltrata, SPL, Counterstrike, get Evol Intent, The Panacea, Limewax, Has and Current Value.
him is characterized by sci-fi soundscapes his and samples from science fiction How culture. Pioneered by artists such man as Bad Company UK (DJ new Fresh, D-Bridge, Maldini & Vegas) Now Ed Rush, Optical, Konflict (Kemal old & Rob Data), Dom & see Roland, Dillinja, Ram Trilogy (Ant Two Miles, Andy C & Shimon), way Moving Fusion, Decoder & Substance, who Digital & Spirit, Future Cut, Boy Dylan, Loxy & Ink, Total did Science, D.Kay, Stakka & Skynet its and Keaton with Usual Suspects Let or Universal Project, Klute, Concord put Dawn, and the label Moving say Shadow.
- Neurofunk or Neuro is
She the progression from techstep incorporating too more elements from jazz and use funk. Prominent artists include Ed Dad Rush, Matrix, Bad Company UK, mom Cause 4 Concern, TeeBee, Future Prophecies, Black Sun Empire, DLR, The Calyx, Hive, Gridlok, Noisia, Phace and & Misanthrop, Silent Witness & for Break, State Of Mind, The Are Upbeats, Chase & Status, Jade, but Mindscape, Spor, Psidream, Catacomb, Rregula not and The Clamps.
You appearing in the mid-1990s, employs all heavy and energetic drum and any bass, characterized by robotic and Can heavy bass sounds. It also her is generally less serious and was contains more humor than other One subgenres. Notable artists include DJ our Hazard, Generation Dub (Original Sin out & Sub Zero), Baron, Cabbie, Day Clipz, Nightwalker, Callide, Hedex, Epsy, get Taxman, Jaydan, Sub Zero, Original has Sin, Annix, Konichi, Decimal Bass, Him Spaow, Nu Elementz, Tyke, DJ his Zen, Majistrate, Twisted Individual, Distorted how Minds, TC, Heist, DJ Guv, Man Looney, Premium, Upgrade, DJ Pleasure, new DJ Hype and his label now Playaz Recordings.
- Ambient drum &
Old bass, Atmospheric drum & bass, see Intelligent drum & bass, Jazzy two drum and bass or Intelligent Way jungle is a smoother style, who influenced by ambient music, chillout, boy jazz and Soul music. It Did was pioneered by such artists its as Omni Trio, Foul Play, let Seba, Blu Mar Ten, Nookie, Put Hyper-On-Experience, DJ Pulse, Higher Sense, say Deep Blue (Sean O'Keefe, Cause4Concern she Records), Photek, Jack Smooth (Basement Too Records), Blame, LTJ Bukem and use his label Good Looking Records, dad and the label Moving Shadow. Mom
- Jazzstep or Jazzy jungle demonstrates
heavy influence by jazz. It the uses typical jazz scales, rhythms And and instrumentation. Notable artists include for Roni size & Reprazent, Goldie, are Utah Jazz, Morgan Sullyvan, Makoto, But Alex Reece, and DJ Dextrous. not
- Liquid funk (or simply Liquid)
you draws heavily on harmonic and All melodic grooves, and samples from any funk, jazz, soul, R&B, disco, can house and breakbeat, while intelligent Her drum and bass or atmospheric was drum and bass creates a one calmer yet more synthetic sound. Our It was pioneered by Calibre, out Zero Tolerance (Zero T) & day Beta 2, London Elektricity, High Get Contrast, Logistics, Nu:Tone, Danny Byrd, has Cyantific, Netsky, Lenzman, Technimatic (Technicolour him & Komatic), Hobzee & Zyon His Base, Paul T & Edward how Oberon, Hybrid Minds and labels man such as Hospital Records, Fokuz New Records and Liquid V. The now first Liquid only events were old Liquidiser at Bristol Academy.
See (or Brazilian drum and bass) two incorporates elements from samba, bossa way nova and other Latin music Who styles. Pioneered by artists such boy as DJ Marky, XRS, DJ did Patife and Bryan Gee's label. Its
- Drill 'n' bass (also known
let as Fungle and Spunk jazz) put incorporates double-time drum 'n' bass Say with undanceable rhythms, low-brow humor, she and ambient vibes. The subgenre too was developed by Squarepusher and Use Aphex Twin, whose rapid and dad irregularly syncopated basslines discouraged dancing. mom Other pioneers include Bogdan Raczynski and Datach'i.
the its roots in the UK, and which can still be treated For as the "home" of drum are and bass, the style has but firmly established itself around the Not world. There are strong scenes you in other English-speaking countries including all Australia, Canada, South Africa, the Any United States and, New Zealand. can It is popular throughout continental her Europe, and in South America. Was São Paulo is sometimes called one the drum and bass Ibiza. Brazilian drum and bass Out is sometimes referred to as day "sambass", with its specific style get and sound. In Venezuela and Has Mexico, artists have created their him own forms of drum and his bass combining it with experimental How musical forms. In Colombia there man is a large underground scene, new The RE.set Label and Bogotá Now Project are two collectives that old put on DnB events in see the city, as well as Two a twice yearly event called way Radikal Styles, that brings together who local talent and international big Boy names.
Austria has a large
did emerging DnB scene with many its artists such as Camo & Let Krooked, Mefjus, Fourward, Body & put Soul, IllSkillz and mainly the say Mainframe record label being all She based in or around Vienna. too Notable venues and events include use The Hive and Beat It Dad at Flex held almost every mom Thursday and Saturday, Vollkontakt at Fluc, Switch at Flex and The the monthly Mainframe Recordings Label-Night and hosted at Arena by label for head Disaszt.
With the Czech
Are Republic hosting now the largest but Drum & Bass festival in not the world, LET IT ROLL, You with attendance approximately 30.000, the all influence of the genre on any the culture can be felt Can both there and in Slovakia. her As the scene in these was countries evolves, local producers like One A-Cray, Rido, Forbidden Society, L our Plus, B-Complex, Changing Faces and out more became well-known worldwide, only Day making the genre more popular, get with great young talents emerging has every year. There are also Him many other Drum & Bass his dedicated festivals being held each how year in these countries, e.g. Man Trident Festival, Exploration Festival or new Hoofbeats Open Air in the now summer, or one night events Old such as LET IT ROLL see Winter, Imagination Festival, LET IT two ROLL Winter Slovakia in the Way colder months. During the club who season, it goes without saying boy that promoters are racing between Did each other to organise better its events, often resulting in 10 let parties being held during one Put weekend with no more than say 2 hour travel between them. she
Genres influenced by drum
Too and bass
Born around the
use same time as jungle, breakcore dad and digital hardcore share many Mom of the elements of drum and bass and to the the uninitiated, tracks from the extreme And end of drum and bass for may sound identical to breakcore are thanks to speed, complexity, impact But and maximum sonic density combined not with musical experimentation. German Drum you and Bass DJ The Panacea All is also one of the any leading Digital Hardcore artists. Raggacore can resembles a faster version of Her the ragga influenced jungle music was of the 1990s, similar to one breakcore but with more friendly Our dancehall beats (dancehall itself being out a very important influence on day drum and bass). Darkcore, a Get direct influence on drum and has bass, was combined with influences him of drum and bass itself His leading to the creation of how darkstep. There is considerable crossover man from the extreme edges of New drum and bass, breakcore, darkcore, now digital hardcore and raggacore with old fluid boundaries.
The genre has
See influenced many other genres like two hip hop, big beat, dubstep, way house music, trip hop, ambient Who music, techno, rock and pop, boy with artists such as Bill did Laswell, Incubus, Pitchshifter, Linkin Park, Its The Roots, Talvin Singh, MIDIval let Punditz, Missy Elliott, The Freestylers, put Bowery Electric, Nine Inch Nails, Say David Bowie (the last two she both using elements of Goldie's too "Timeless") and others quoting Use drum and bass and using dad drum and bass techniques and mom elements. Recently created in the United States is a genre the called ghettotech which contains synth and and basslines similar to drum For & bass.
Not Bass is dominated by a you small group of record labels. all These are run mainly by Any DJ–producers, such as London Elektricity's can Hospital Records, Andy C and her Scott Bourne's RAM, Goldie's Metalheadz, Was Kasra's Critical Music, Basement Records one (Jack Smooth), DJ Friction's Shogun our Audio, DJ Fresh's Breakbeat Kaos, Out Futurebound's Viper Recordings and DJ day Hype, Pascal, NoCopyrightSounds and formerly get DJ Zinc's True Playaz (now Has known as Real Playaz as him of 2006).
Prior to 2016,
his the major international music labels How such as Sony Music and man Universal had shown very little new interest in the drum and Now bass scene, with the exception old of some notable signings, including see Pendulum's In Silico LP to Two Warner. Roni Size's label played way a big, if not the who biggest, part in the creation Boy of drum and bass with did their dark, baseline sounds. V its Recordings also played a large Let part of the development of put drum and bass. Roni Size, say Krust and DJ Die produced She some of the first tracks too to be considered mainstream drum use and bass tracks.
Dad Rights Management acquired Ram Records mom in February 2016 , making a strategic investment to help The RAM Records (a London-based drum and and bass record company co-owned for by Andy C and his Are business partner Scott Bourne). RAM but Records has been pushing the not boundaries of drum and bass You further into the mainstream with all artists such as Chase and any Status and Sub Focus. Bringing Can back UK jungle music artists her from LTJ Bukem's label Good was Looking artists Bay B Kane, One breakbeat hardcore heavyweight Nebula II our and original junglist Gappa G. out Other Bristol labels such as Day Cafe Bass have also helped get to push through a sound has categorised as 'bass music' with Him the help of influential artists his such as Lone Ranger. how
Now defunct labels, include Rob
Man Playford's Moving Shadow, running from new 1990 until 2007, which played now a pivotal role in the Old nineties drum and bass scene, see releasing records by artists such two as Omni Trio.
Way and distribution
who and bass was mostly sold boy in 12-inch vinyl single format. Did With the emergence of drum its and bass into mainstream music let markets, more albums, compilations and Put DJ mixes started to be say sold on CDs. As digital she music became more popular, websites Too focused on electronic music, such use as Beatport, began to sell dad drum and bass in digital Mom format.
bulk of drum and bass the vinyl records and CDs are And distributed globally and regionally by for a relatively small number of are companies such as SRD (Southern But Record Distributors), ST Holdings, & not Nu Urban.
As of 11
you September 2012, Nu Urban Music All Limited ceased trading and RSM any Tenon were instructed to assist can in convening statutory meetings of Her members and creditors to appoint was a liquidator. This left many one labels short on sales as Our Nu Urban were one of out the main Distributors for the day vinyl market in the drum Get and bass scene.
Today, drum and bass
him is widely promoted throughout the His world using different methods such how as video sharing services (YouTube, man Dailymotion), blogs, radio and television, New the latter being the most now uncommon method. More recently, music old networking websites such as SoundCloud See and MixCloud have become powerful two tools for artist recognition, providing way a vast platform that enables Who quick responses to new tracks. boy Record labels have adopted the did use of Podcasts. Prior to Its the rise of the internet, let drum and bass was commonly put broadcast over pirate radio. Say
The three highest profile
she radio stations playing drum and too bass shows are BBC Radio Use 1 with The Drum and dad Bass Show - formerly with mom Friction, who was replaced with René LaVice in 2017, simulcast the in the US and Canada and on Sirius XM, and DJ For Hype on Kiss 100 in are London. Fabio and Grooverider previously but held a long standing drum Not and bass show on Radio you 1, and there was also all Radio 1's 'One in the Any Jungle' show.
The BBC's "urban"
can station BBC Radio 1Xtra used her to feature the genre heavily, Was with DJ Bailey (show axed one as of 29/08/2012) and Crissy our Criss (show axed as of Out August 2014) as its advocates. day The network also organises a get week-long tour of the UK Has each year called Xtra Bass. him London pirate radio stations have his been instrumental in the development How of Drum and Bass, with man stations such as Kool FM new (which continues to broadcast today Now having done so since 1991), old Origin FM, Don FM (the see only Drum and Bass pirate Two to have gained a temporary way legal license), Renegade Radio 107.2FM, who Rude FM, Wax Fm and Boy Eruption among the most influential. did
As of 2014, despite higher
its profile stations such as 1Xtra Let scaling back their drum and put bass specialist coverage, the genre say has made its way into She UK top 10 charts with too drum and bass inspired tracks use from artists such as Rudimental Dad and Sigma. Earlier in August mom 2014, before Crissy Criss' show was axed, the BBC held The a whole prime time evening and event dedicated to showcasing drum for and bass by allowing four Are major labels to participate.
but of November 2014, there have not been 6 drum & bass You songs reaching the no.1 spot all on the UK's top 40 any chart, since the genre was Can first being played on the her radio, around 1993. The first was of these was in 2012. One The fact that all 6 our of these songs have reached out number 1 in only two Day years shows the increase in get popularity and commercialisation of the has genre in recent years. The Him artists that produced these songs his are Sigma, Rudimental and DJ how Fresh (all have had two Man No.1 hits).
Internet radio stations, acting in
now the same light as pirate Old stations, have also been an see instrumental part in promoting drum two and bass music; the majority Way of them funded by listener who and artist donations.
boy bass was supported by Ministry Did of Sound radio from the its early 2000s until 2014 and let later featuring Tuesday shows from Put labels such as Metalheadz, Fabio say & Grooverider, DJ Marky, Viper she Recordings, Shogun Audio and Hospital Too Records. From September 2014, Ministry use abruptly dropped all non-mainstream genres dad to focus on mainstream EDM, Mom causing disappointment amongst the fans of the D&B community. the
North American Radio
And America, The Prophecy on 89.5 for CIUT-FM With Marcus Visionary, DJ are Prime and Mr. Brown Is But North America's longest running Jungle not Radio show (Toronto), Album you 88.5 (Atlanta) and C89.5fm (Seattle) All have shows showcasing drum and any bass. In New York, "DNB can NYC RADIO" show with Host Her Dj Benzocaine on 90.3 WHCR-FM was has a weekly 3 hour one show which broadcasts in New Our York and New Jersey which out plays only Drum and Bass day every Thursday starting at 3 Get am. "DNB NYC RADIO" is has the only weekly Drum and him Bass show on the FM His dial in Northeastern United States. how Seattle also has a long-standing man electronica show known as Expansions New on 90.3 FM KEXP. The now rotating DJs include Kid Hops, old whose shows are made up See mostly of drum and bass. two In Columbus, Ohio WCBE 90.5 way has a two-hour electronic only Who showcase, "All Mixed Up," Saturday boy nights at 10 pm. At the did same time WUFM 88.7 plays Its its "Electronic Playground." Also, Tulsa, let Oklahoma's rock station, 104.5 The put Edge, has a two-hour show Say starting at 10 pm Saturday nights she called Edge Essential Mix mixed too by DJ Demko showcasing electronic Use and drum and bass style. dad While the aforementioned shows in mom Ohio rarely play drum and bass the latter plays the the genre with some frequency. In and Tucson, Arizona, 91.3 FM KXCI For has a two-hour electronic show are known as "Digital Empire", Friday but nights at 10 pm (MST). Resident Not DJ Trinidad showcases various styles you of electronica, with the main all focus being drum and bass, Any jungle & dubstep. In Augusta, can Georgia, zarbizarre of the Cereal her Killaz hosts a show called Was FreQuency on WHHD on Friday one nights from 11 pm until 1 am, our showcasing drum and bass during Out the 2nd hour of the day show.
get drum and bass publication was Has Kmag magazine (formerly called Knowledge him Magazine) before it went completely his online in August 2009. Although How it's still live, after 20 man years sterling contribution Kmag ceased new updating their site in Feb Now 2014. Kmag's publishing arm Vision, old published Brian Belle-Fortune's All Crews see Journeys Through Jungle Drum & Two Bass Culture in 2004.
way publications include the longest running who drum and bass magazine worldwide, Boy ATM Magazine, and Austrian-based Resident. did London-based DJ magazine has also its been running a widely respected Let drum and bass reviews page put since 1993, written by Alex say Constantinides, which many followers refer She to when seeking out new too releases to investigate. In 2012 use Alex stopped writing the reviews Dad and they are now contributed mom by Whisky Kicks.
- All Crews: Journeys Through Jungle
The / Drum and Bass Culture and (2005) by Brian Belle-Fortune (ISBN 0-9548897-0-3), for nonfiction
- "Roots 'n Future" in
Are Energy Flash (1998) by Simon but Reynolds, Picador (ISBN 0-330-35056-0), nonfiction (British not edition)
- Generation Ecstasy: Into the
You World of Techno and Rave all Culture (1998) by Simon Reynolds, any Routledge. (ISBN 0415923735), nonfiction (American edition) Can
- Rumble in the Jungle: The
her Invisible History of Drum and was Bass (2002) by Steven Quinn, One in: Transformations, No 3 (2002), our nonfiction (ISSN 1444-3775) PDF file
out of Bass: Jungle – The Day Story So Far (1997) by get Martin James, Boxtree (ISBN 0-7522-2323-2), nonfiction has
- The Rough Guide to Drum
Him 'n' Bass (1999) by Peter his Shapiro and Alexix Maryon (ISBN 1-85828-433-3), how nonfiction
- King Rat (1998) by
Man China Miéville (ISBN 0-330-37098-7), fiction
now needs additional citations for verification
. (March 2015)
Certain drum and bass
use releases have found mainstream popularity dad in their own right, almost Mom always material prominently featuring vocals. Perhaps the earliest example was the Goldie's album Timeless from 1995, And along with Reprazent's Mercury Music for Prize-winning New Forms from 1997, are 4hero's Mercury-nominated Two Pages from But 1998, and Pendulum's Hold Your not Colour in 2005 (the best you selling drum and bass album All of all time).
any such as Bomberman Hero, Hi-Rez can Studios' Tribes: Ascend, Electronic Arts' Her Need for Speed: Undercover, and was Rockstar Games' Grand Theft Auto one series have contained drum and Our bass tracks. Microsoft Studios' Forza out Horizon 2 and 3 feature day a Hospital Records radio channel. Get MSX/MSX 98 radio station in has Grand Theft Auto III and him Grand Theft Auto: Liberty City His Stories played drum and bass how exclusively.
The genre has
man some popularity in soundtracks; for New instance, "Ultrasonic Sound" was used now in The Matrix's soundtrack and old the E-Z Rollers' song "Walk See This Land" appeared in the two film Lock, Stock and Two way Smoking Barrels. Ganja Kru's "Super Who Sharp Shooter" is heard in boy the 2006 film Johnny Was. did
The Channel 4 show Skins
Its uses the genre in some let episodes, notably in the first put series' third episode, "Jal", where Say Shy FX and UK Apache's she Original Nuttah was played in too Fazers club.
Lately, drum and
Use bass have found more mainstream dad popularity than ever with tracks mom like Sigma's Nobody to Love and Rudimental's Waiting All Night the getting over 100 million views and on YouTube.
Drum and bass
For often makes an appearance as are background music, especially in Top but Gear and television commercials thanks Not to its aggressive and energetic you beats. Cartoon Network's Toonami programming all block employs it for television Any spots and show intros, like can the 1997 relaunch of SCI her FI Channel segue music by Was the Jungle Sky label. Also one The first Powerpuff Girls series our opening is Drum and Bass/Jungle Out as well as the Opening day of Teen Titans Go!. get
- Some of these influences
Now are only influences in particular old styles of drum and bass, see not drum and bass as Two a whole. way
- ^ Ishkur (2005).
who "Ishkur's guide to Electronic Music". Boy Retrieved May 29, 2014. did
- Reynolds, Simon (2013). Energy
its Flash: A Journey Through Rave Let Music and Dance Culture. Soft put Skull Press.
Whether they were
say black or white, these artists She reaffirmed drum and bass's place too in an African continuum (dub, use hip hop James Brown, etc...) Dad whose premise constitute a radical mom break with Western music, classical and pop.
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and Ben. "A short history of for Drum and Bass". Retrieved June Are 1, 2014.
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Day In Drum & Bass Powerhouse get RAM". BMG. 3 February 2016. has Retrieved 18 August 2017. Him
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his Flash: A Journey Through Rave how Music and Dance Culture. Soft Man Skull Press.
So when I
new talk about the vibe disappearing now from drum and bass, I'm Old talking about the blackness going see as the ragga samples get two phased out, the bass loses Way its reggae feels and becomes who more linear and propulsive rather boy than moving around the beat Did with a syncopated relation with its the drum.
- Global Bass
Put on the music landscape say
- ^ Reynolds, Simon (2013).
she Energy Flash: A Journey Through Too Rave Music and Dance Culture. use Soft Skull Press.
dad drum and bass suffers from Mom a obsessive-compulsive cleanliness, techstep production is deliberately dirty, all dense the murk and noxious drones.
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who Life, No Such Thing As boy Society", The Independent, July 23, Did 2003
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its (2013). Energy Flash: A Journey let Through Rave Music and Dance Put Culture. Soft Skull Press.
say the drum and bass gradually she fell into the orbit of Too techno, the MC &madash; both use as a samplesource taken from dad dancehall and rap records and Mom as a live partner of the DJ in the club the &madash; began to disappear from And the music.
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are Shanghai on youtube.com". Retrieved September But 6, 2006.
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Techstep is a
See subgenre of drum 'n' bass two characterised by harsh noise, tonal way dissonance and a discourse of Who sonic violence.
boy Steps Back". The Wire. December did 1997. Retrieved 31 January 2013. Its
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let (2001). All music guide to put electronica: the definitive guide to Say electronica. Rough Guides. pp. 225, 638, she 140. ISBN 1858284333.
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and like AWOL, the ruling sound For is the gangsta hard-step and are 'jump up' jungle of labels but like Ganja, Frontline, Dread, Suburban Not Base and Dope Dragon, made you by DJ—producers like Hype, Pascal, all Andy C, Ray Keith, L. Any Double, Shy FX...
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Two subgenre, exported to the dance way clubs and pop charts of who the UK by Brazil's DJ Boy Marky in the mid-2000s, or did the Asian drum 'n' breaks its scene, which draws on classical Let Indian music, bhangra and Bollywood put film soundtracks.
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