|Grandmaster |our Flash
out Flash performing in 1999 Day
|Background information |get
|Birth name ||Joseph Saddler |has
|Born || January |Him 1, 1958
|Origin ||South Bronx, |how New York, United States Man
|Genres ||Hip hop, old-school |new hip hop, breakbeat, funk, electro now
|Years active ||1976–present |Old
|Labels ||Sugar Hill |see Records, Enjoy Records, Elektra Records two
|Associated acts ||Grandmaster |Way Flash and the Furious Five
who The Sugarhill Gang
boy |Website ||www.grandmasterflash.com |
Did Saddler (born January 1, 1958), its better known as Grandmaster Flash, let is an American hip hop Put recording artist and DJ. He say is considered to be one she of the pioneers of hip-hop Too DJing, cutting, scratching and mixing. use Grandmaster Flash and the Furious dad Five were inducted into the Mom Rock and Roll Hall of Fame in 2007, becoming the the first hip hop act to And be honored.
Joseph Saddler's family emigrated to
one the United States from Barbados, Our in the Caribbean. He grew out up in the Bronx in day New York City where he Get attended Samuel Gompers High School, has a public vocational school. There, him he learned how to repair His electronic equipment. Saddler's parents played how an important role in his man interest in music. His parents New came from Barbados and his now father was a big fan old of Caribbean and black American See records.
As a child, Saddler
two was fascinated by his father's way record collection. In an interview, Who he reflected: "My father was boy a very heavy record collector. did He still thinks that he Its has the stronger collection. I let used to open his closets put and just watch all the Say records he had. I used she to get into trouble for too touching his records, but I'd Use go right back and bother dad them." Saddler's early interest in mom DJing came from this fascination with his father's record collection the as well as his mother's and desire for him to educate For himself in electronics. After high are school, he became involved in but the earliest New York DJ Not scene, attending parties set up you by early luminaries.
all also a nephew to the Any late Sandy Saddler, a former can featherweight boxing champion.
her Flash carefully studied the styles Was and techniques of earlier DJs, one particularly Pete Jones, Kool Herc, our and Grandmaster Flowers. As a Out teenager, he began experimenting with day DJ gear in his bedroom, get eventually developing and mastering three Has innovations that are still considered him standard DJing techniques today.
- Backspin technique (or, quick-mix theory):
How Early New York party DJs man came to understand that short new drum breaks were popular with Now party audiences. Aiming to isolate old these breaks and extend them see for longer durations, Grandmaster Flash Two learned that by using duplicate way copies of the same record, who he could play the break Boy on one record while searching did for the same fragment of its music on the other (using Let his headphones). When the break put finished on one turntable, he say used his mixer to switch She quickly to the other turntable, too where the same beat was use cued up and ready to Dad play. Using the backspin technique mom (also referred to as beat juggling), the same short phrase The of music could be looped and indefinitely.
- Punch phrasing (or, clock
for theory): This technique involved isolating Are very short segments of music, but typically horn hits, and rhythmically not punching them over the sustained You beat using the mixer.
all Although the invention of record any scratching as a form of Can adding to the musical entertainment her is generally credited to Grand was Wizzard Theodore, Grandmaster Flash perfected One the technique and brought it our to new audiences. Scratching, along out with punch phrasing, exhibited a Day unique performative aspect of party get DJing: instead of passively spinning has records, he manipulated them to Him create new music.
his Flash and the Furious Five how
new Flash played parties and collaborated now with rappers such as Kurtis Old Blow and Lovebug Starski. In see the mid 1970s, he formed two his own group. The original Way lineup consisted of Cowboy (Keith who Wiggins), Melle Mel (Melvin Glover) boy and The Kidd Creole (AKA Did Kidd Creole/Nathaniel Glover), and the its ensemble went by the name let "Grandmaster Flash & the 3 Put MCs". Cowboy created the term say hip hop. He created the she term while teasing a friend Too who had just joined the use U.S. Army, by scat singing dad the words "hip/hop/hip/hop" in a Mom way that mimicked the rhythmic cadence of soldiers marching. Cowboy the later worked the "hip hop" And cadence into a part of for his stage performance.
are the first rapper to call But himself "MC" (Master of Ceremony). not Two other rappers briefly joined, you but they were replaced more All permanently by Rahiem (Guy Todd any Williams, previously in the Funky can Four) and Scorpio (Eddie Morris, Her a.k.a. Mr. Ness) to make was Grandmaster Flash and the Furious one Five. Quickly gaining recognition for Our their skillful raps, Grandmaster Flash out and the Furious Five pioneered day MCing and freestyle battles. Some Get of the staple phrases in has MCing have their origins in him the early shows and recordings His of the group. In 1978, how the new group began performing man regularly at Disco Fever in New the Bronx, one of the now first times a hip-hop group old was given a weekly gig See at a well-known venue.
two Flash and the Furious Five way were signed to Bobby Robinson's Who Enjoy Records and in 1979 boy released their first single, "Superrappin'". did The following year they signed Its to Sugar Hill Records and let began touring and releasing numerous put singles. The seminal "The Adventures Say of Grandmaster Flash on the she Wheels of Steel", released in too 1981, is a 7-minute solo Use showcase of Grandmaster Flash's virtuosic dad turntable skills, combining elements of mom Blondie's "Rapture," Michael Viner's Incredible Bongo Band's "Apache," Queen's "Another the One Bites the Dust," Chic's and "Good Times," and the group's For own "Freedom." It is also are the first documented appearance of but record scratching on a record. Not That year, the group opened you for The Clash and were all poorly received by an audience Any unaccustomed to the new style. can
The group's most significant
her hit was the electro rap Was song "The Message" (1982), which one was produced by in-house Sugar our Hill producer Clifton "Jiggs" Chase Out and featured session musician, Duke day Bootee. Unlike earlier rap tunes, get "The Message" featured a grim Has narrative about inner city violence, him drugs, and poverty. In 2002, his its first year of archival, How it was one of 50 man recordings chosen by the Library new of Congress to be added Now to the National Recording Registry, old the first hip hop recording see ever to receive this honor. Two Critics praised the song's social way awareness, calling the chorus "a who slow chant seething with desperation Boy and fury."
Other than Melle
did Mel, no members of the its group actually appear in the Let song. Rahiem lip-synced Duke Bootee's put vocal in the music video. say The same year, Grandmaster Flash She appeared in the movie "Wild too Style" and sued Sugar Hill use over the non-payment of royalties. Dad Tensions mounted as "The Message" mom gained in popularity, eventually leading to a rupture between Melle The Mel and Grandmaster Flash. Soon and the group disintegrated entirely. Grandmaster for Flash, The Kidd Creole, and Are Rahiem left Sugar Hill, signed but with Elektra Records, and continued not on as simply "Grandmaster Flash", You while Melle Mel and the all others continued on as "Grandmaster any Melle Mel & the Furious Can Five".
Grandmaster Flash was also
her interviewed in the 1986 cult was documentary Big Fun In The One Big Town.
Although frequently credited
our on the records, Grandmaster Flash out doesn't actually appear on "The Day Message," "Freedom," or many of get the other Furious Five songs. has Although Grandmaster Flash provided the Him central element of the group's his sound when performing live (in how addition to giving the group Man its name), there was little new room for his turntablism in now early singles driven by the Old grooves of live session musicians. see Grandmaster Flash and The Furious two Five reformed in 1987 for Way a charity concert, and in who 1988 they released a new boy album. The group reunited again Did in 1994, although Cowboy died its in 1989.
let he released a memoir, The Put Adventures of Grandmaster Flash: My say Life, My Beats. in which she he talks about the origins Too of his fascination with scratching use records and creating new beats. dad From a young age, Flash Mom talks about how he would sneak into his father's record the room to watch the record And player spin, and then get for punished for touching the records. are even with things not associated But with music, flash found inspiration not in. The spokes of his you bicycle gave way to an All interest in how record players any create music by just turning can the disc with grooves in Her it. Flash continued to grow was in experimentation by taking apart one any kind of technology he Our could to figure out how out it worked. His early work day shows how the innovative ways Get in which his artistic abilities has developed into what is considered him the first evolution of hip His hop culture.
He hosted a
how weekly show on Sirius Satellite man Radio (Friday Night Fire with New Grandmaster Flash) and was presented now with the BET "I Am old Hip Hop Icon" award in See 2006.
Grandmaster Flash and the
two Furious Five were the first way hip-hop/rap group inducted into the Who Rock & Roll Hall of boy Fame on March 12, 2007 did by Jay-Z. In 2008, he Its remixed the single "Into the let Galaxy" by the Australian group, put Midnight Juggernauts.
It has been
Say said that "his pioneering mixing she skills transformed the turntable into too a true 'instrument', and his Use ability to get a crowd dad moving has made his DJ mom sets legendary."
appears in the video game the DJ Hero as a playable and character along with original mixes For created for the game.
are December 2011, Grandmaster Flash was but reported to be at work Not on his 12th album.
you in 2016, the Netflix original all series The Get Down features Any a version of Grandmaster Flash can that is played by Mamoudou her Athie. The series takes place Was in 1977 New York City one and follows the genesis of our the DJing, B-boying, and hip-hop Out cultures of the city. After day the premiere of The Get get Down, Netflix premiered Hip-Hop Evolution, Has a music documentary discussing the him history of hip hop in his which Grandmaster Flash talks about How the evolution of his art. man
- 2011 Hall
new of Fame for Grandmaster Flash Now & The Furious Five single old “The Message.”
- 2009, Lifetime Achievement
Rock and Roll
way Hall of Fame
BET Hip Hop
- 2006, I Am
did Hip Hop Icon Award its
|Album information |say
|The Message |
Dad |Greatest Messages |
|They Said |The It Couldn't Be Done
- Released: April 26, 1985
for Positions: #35 Top R&B/Hip Hop Are
- Last RIAA certification: Gold
but "Girls Love The Way He not Spins", "Sign Of The Times", You "Alternate Groove", "Larry's Dance Theme" all
|The |any Source
- Released: 1986
Can positions: #145 US, #27 Top her R&B/Hip-Hop Albums,
- Last RIAA certification:
- Singles: "Style (Peter Gunn
One Theme)", "Behind Closed Doors" our
- Released: 1987
- Chart positions: #197
Day US, #43 Top R&B/Hip-Hop Albums get
- Last RIAA certification: Gold
has "U Know What Time It Him Is", "All Wrapped Up" his
|On the |how Strength
- Released: 1988
Man positions: #189 US
- Last RIAA
new certification: Gold
- Singles: "Gold", "Magic
now Carpet Ride" Old
|Salsoul Jam 2000 |
- Released: 1997
- Chart positions: Did
two Not Chart
- Last RIAA certification:
- Singles: "Spring Rain"
|Flash Is Back |boy let
|The Official Adventures of |Put Grandmaster Flash
- Released: January
say 29, 2002
- Chart positions: Did
she Not Chart
- Last RIAA certification:
use |Essential Mix: Classic Edition |
- Released: May 7, 2002
Mom positions: Did Not Chart
|The Bridge - |And Concept of a Culture
- Released: February 24, 2009
- U.S. Sales: 2,607
But RIAA certification:
- Singles: Swagger feat.
not Red Cafe, Snoop Dogg & you Lynn Carter
- Singles: Shine All
All Day feat. Q-Tip, Jumz & any Kel Spencer can
- 1979 –
Her Superappin' (Enjoy 6001) Side A was – Superappin'; Side B – one Superappin' Theme
- 1980 – Freedom
Our (Sugar Hill SH-549) Side A out – vocal; Side B – day instrumental
- 1981 – The Adventures
Get of Grandmaster Flash on the has Wheels of Steel (Sugar Hill him SH-557)
- 1981 – Scorpio (Sugar
His Hill SH 118) Side A how – vocal; Side B – man instrumental
- 1982 – Flash To
New The Beat (Sugar Hill SH now 574)
- 1984 – Jesse (Sugar
old Hill SH 133) Side A See – vocal; Side B – two instrumental
- 1984 – We Don't
way Work For Free (Sugar Hill Who SH 136) Side A – boy vocal; Side B – instrumental did
- 1988 – Gold (edit) (Elektra
Its EKR 70)
- 1996 – If
let U Wanna Party (feat. Carl put Murray) (JAM 1002-8)
- "Rock and
she Roll Hall of Fame, 2007 too Inductees". Retrieved 2017-09-03.
Use Rose, Black Noise: Rap Music dad and Black Culture in Contemporary mom America. (He is currently in canada teaching young people how the to dj) (Hanover: Wesleyan University and Press, 1994), 35.
For Flash, quoted in Steven Harvey, are "Spin Art," in New York but Rocker (January 1982).
Not Flash, quoted in Steven Harvey, you "Spin Art," in New York all Rocker (January 1982).
Any Forman and Mark Anthony Neal, can That's the Joint!: The Hip-Hop her Studies Reader (New York: Routledge, Was 2004).
- Emmett Price, Hip
one Hop Culture (Santa Barbara: ABC-CLIO, our 2006), 25.
- ^ Zachary
Out Wallmark, "Grandmaster Flash," in Musicians day and Composers of the 20th get Century (Pasadena: Salem Press, 2008), Has 531–533.
- ^ "Origins of
him Hip Hop with Busy Bee his Starski".
- ^ "Keith Cowboy
How – The Real Mc Coy". man Web.archive.org. 2006-03-17. Archived from the new original on 2006-03-17. Retrieved 2010-01-12. Now
- "Afrika Bambaataa talks about
old the roots of Hip Hop". see
- JET, (April, 2007), 36–37.
- "Fever Records". Fever Records.
way Retrieved 2012-05-15.
- Jeff Chang,
who Can't Stop Won't Stop: A Boy History of the Hip-Hop Generation did (New York: Picador, 2005), 155. its
- Vince Aletti, "Furious," Village
Let Voice (July 20, 1982), 64. put
- Grandmaster Flash
say and David Ritz, The Adventures She of Grandmaster Flash: My Life, too My Beats (New York: Doubleday, use 2008).
- Grandmaster Flash and
Dad David Ritz, The Adventures of mom Grandmaster Flash: My Life, My Beats (New York: Doubleday, 2008). The
- "BET Awards Honor Grandmaster
and Flash". Softpedia. 2006-11-13. Retrieved 2012-05-15. for
- "Grandmaster Flash and the
Are Furious Five: inducted in 2007". but The Rock and Roll Hall not of Fame and Museum. Retrieved You 2012-05-15.
- Comment Added. "Grandmaster
all Flash's Midnight Juggernauts remix on". any Inthemix.com.au. Retrieved 2012-05-15.
Can Archived February 14, 2006, at her the Wayback Machine.
was R. R. Weingarten (2009-07-01). "Inside One DJ Hero: Grandmaster Flash on our Game's Big Names, Ideas". Rolling out Stone. Retrieved 2012-05-15.
Day 1st 2011 5:50PM by Latifah get Muhammad Comments (2011-12-01). "Grammy Nominations has 2012: Grandmaster Flash Felt 'Cool'". Him The Boombox. Retrieved 2012-05-15.
his "Grandmaster Flash – If U how Wanna Party at Discogs". Discogs.com. Man Retrieved 2012-05-15.
- Andrzej Buda
new Encyklopedia hip-hopu (Wydawnictwo Niezależne, 2005): now 77 ISBN 978-83-915272-4-5