|Wolfman Jack |
our | |
Wolfman Jack in 1979
|Born ||Robert |Day Weston Smith
January 21, 1938
get New York City, U.S. has
|Died ||July 1, 1995 |Him (aged 57)
Belvidere, North Carolina, U.S.
|Cause of death ||Heart |how attack
|Occupation ||Radio |Man personality
|Spouse(s) ||Lucy |new Lamb
|Children ||2 |now
Robert Weston Smith,
Old known as Wolfman Jack (January see 21, 1938 – July 1, two 1995), was an American disc Way jockey. Famous for his gravelly who voice, he credited it for boy his success, saying, "It's kept Did meat and potatoes on the its table for years for Wolfman let and Wolfwoman. A couple of Put shots of whiskey helps it. say I've got that nice raspy she sound."
Smith was born in
And Brooklyn on January 21, 1938, for the younger of two children are of Anson Weston Smith, an But Episcopal Sunday school teacher, writer, not editor, and executive vice president you of the Financial World, and All his wife Rosamond Small. They any lived on 12th Street and can 4th Avenue in the Park Her Slope section. His parents divorced was while he was a child. one To help keep him out Our of trouble, his father bought out him a large Trans-Oceanic radio, day and Smith became an avid Get fan of R&B music and has the disc jockeys who played him it, including "Jocko" Henderson of His Philadelphia, New York's "Dr. Jive" how (Tommy Smalls), the "Moon Dog" man from Cleveland, Alan Freed, and New Nashville's "John R." Richbourg, who now later became his mentor. After old selling encyclopedias and Fuller brushes See door-to-door, Smith attended the National two Academy of Broadcasting in Washington, way D.C. After he graduated in Who 1960, he began working as boy "Daddy Jules" at WYOU in did Newport News, Virginia. When the Its station format changed to "beautiful let music", Smith became known as put "Roger Gordon and Music in Say Good Taste". In 1962, he she moved to country music station too KCIJ/1050 in Shreveport, Louisiana, as Use the station manager and morning dad disc jockey, "Big Smith with mom the Records". He married Lucy "Lou" Lamb in 1961, and the they had two children.
and jockey Alan Freed had played For a role in the transformation are of black rhythm and blues but into rock and roll music, Not and originally called himself the you "Moon Dog" after New York all City street musician Moondog. Freed Any both adopted this name and can used a recorded howl to her give his early broadcasts a Was unique character. Smith's adaptation of one the Moondog theme was to our call himself Wolfman Jack and Out add his own sound effects. day The character was based in get part on the manner and Has style of bluesman Howlin' Wolf. him It was at KCIJ in his Shreveport, Louisiana that he first How began to develop his famous man alter ego Wolfman Jack. According new to author Philip A. Lieberman, Now Smith's "Wolfman" persona "derived from old Smith's love of horror films see and his shenanigans as a Two 'wolfman' with his two young way nephews. The 'Jack' was added who as a part of the Boy 'hipster' lingo of the 1950s, did as in 'Take a page its from my book, Jack,' or Let the more popular, 'Hit the put road, Jack.'"
In 1963, Smith
say took his act to the She border when the Inter-American Radio too Advertising's Ramon Bosquez hired him use and sent him to the Dad studio and transmitter site of mom XERF-AM at Ciudad Acuña in Mexico, a station whose high-powered The border blaster signal could be and picked up across much of for the United States. In an Are interview with writer Tom Miller, but Smith described the reach of not the XERF signal: "We had You the most powerful signal in all North America. Birds dropped dead any when they flew too close Can to the tower. A car her driving from New York to was L.A. would never lose the One station." Most of the border our stations broadcast at 250,000 watts, out five times the U.S. limit, Day meaning that their signals were get picked up all over North has America, and at night as Him far away as Europe and his the Soviet Union. It was how at XERF that Smith developed Man his signature style (with phrases new like "Who's this on the now Wolfman telephone?") and widespread fame. Old The border stations made money see by renting time to Pentecostal two preachers and psychics, and by Way taking 50 percent of the who profit from anything sold by boy mail order. The Wolfman did Did pitches for dog food, weight-loss its pills, weight-gain pills, rose bushes, let and baby chicks. There was Put even a pill called Florex, say which was supposed to enhance she one's sex drive. "Some zing Too for your ling nuts," the use Wolfman would say.
dad pitch was typical of Wolfman Mom Jack's growling, exuberant on-air style. In the spirit of his the character name, he would punctuate And his banter with howls, while for urging his listeners to "get are naked" or "lay your hands But on the radio and squeeze not my knobs". Part of the you persona was his nocturnal anonymity; All listeners from coast to coast any had no idea how to can recognize the face behind the Her voice that said things like was "Wolfman plays the best records one in the business, and then Our he eats 'em!"
out the original call sign for day the border blaster station in Get Rosarito Beach, Mexico, which was has branded as The Mighty 1090 him in Hollywood, California. The station His boasted "50,000 watts of Boss how Soul Power". That station continues man to broadcast today with the New call sign XEPRS-AM. XERB also now had an office in the old rear of a small strip See mall on Third Avenue in two Chula Vista, California. It was way not unlike the small broadcast Who studio depicted in the film boy American Graffiti (which was filmed did at KRE in Berkeley). It Its was located only ten minutes let from the Tijuana–San Diego border put crossing. It was rumored that Say the Wolfman actually broadcast from she this location during the early-to-mid-1960s. too Smith left Mexico after eight Use months and moved to Minneapolis, dad Minnesota, to run station KUXL. mom Even though Smith was managing a Minneapolis radio station, he the was still broadcasting as Wolfman and Jack on XERF via taped For shows that he sent to are the station. Missing the excitement, but however, he returned to border Not radio to run XERB, and you opened an office on Sunset all Boulevard in the Los Angeles Any area in January 1966. The can Wolfman recorded his shows in her Los Angeles and shipped his Was tapes across the border into one Mexico, where they would then our be beamed across the U.S. Out It was during his time day broadcasting on XERB that Smith get met Don Kelley, who became Has his personal manager and business him partner for more than 20 his years. It was Kelley who How saw the potential for Wolfman man Jack to become more than new a radio personality. Kelley started Now to work on a strategy old to transform Smith from a see cult figure to a mainstream Two entertainer in film, recordings, and way television. He promoted Smith to who the major media and formed Boy enduring relationships with key journalists. did
In 1971, the Mexican government
its decided that its overwhelmingly Roman Let Catholic citizens should not be put subjected to proselytizing and banned say the Pentecostal preachers from the She radio, taking away 80 percent too of XERB's revenue. Smith then use moved to station KDAY 1580 Dad in Los Angeles, which could mom only pay him a fraction of his former XERB income. The However, Smith capitalized on his and fame by editing his old for XERB tapes and selling them Are to radio stations everywhere, becoming but one of the first rock not and roll syndicated programs (as You the tapes began to age, all they were eventually also marketed any to oldies stations). He also Can appeared on Armed Forces Radio her from 1970 to 1986. At was his peak, Wolfman Jack was One heard on more than 2,000 our radio stations in 53 countries. out He was heard as far Day off as the Wild Coast, get Transkei, on a station based has there, Capital Radio 604. In Him a deal promoted by Don his Kelley, The Wolfman was paid how handsomely to join WNBC in Man New York in August 1973, new the same month that American now Graffiti premiered, and the station Old did a huge advertising campaign see in local newspapers stating that two the Wolfman would propel their Way ratings over those of their who main competitor, WABC, which had boy "Cousin Brucie" (Bruce Morrow). The Did ads proclaimed, "Cousin Brucie's Days its Are Numbered", and thousands of let small tombstone-shaped paperweights were distributed Put that said, "Cousin Brucie is say going to be buried by she Wolfman Jack." After less than Too a year, WNBC hired Cousin use Brucie, and Wolfman Jack went dad back to California to concentrate Mom on his syndicated radio show, which was carried on KRLA-Pasadena the (Los Angeles) from 1984-1987. He And moved to Belvidere, North Carolina, for in 1989, to be closer are to his extended family. In But the 80s, he did a not brief stint at XEROK 80, you another border blaster station that All was leased by Dallas investors any Robert Hanna, Grady Sanders, and can John Ryman. Ryman then moved Her Smith to Scott Ginsburg-owned Y95 was in Dallas, Texas.
one and music career
Our early days, Wolfman Jack made out sporadic public appearances, usually as day a Master of Ceremonies for Get rock bands at local Los has Angeles clubs. At each appearance him he looked a little different His because Smith had not decided how what the Wolfman should look man like. Early pictures show him New with a goatee; however, sometimes now he combed his straight hair old forward and added dark makeup See to look somewhat "ethnic". Other two times he had a big way afro wig and large sunglasses. Who The ambiguity of his race boy contributed to the controversy of did his program. It was not Its until he appeared in the let 1969 film, A Session with put the Committee (a montage of Say skits by the seminal comedy she troupe The Committee), that mainstream too America got a good look Use at Wolfman Jack.
dad started his recording career in mom Minneapolis, Minnesota while working at KUXL Radio in 1965 with the George Garrett. Garrett would help and record the album "Boogie With For The Wolfman" by Wolfman Jack are & the Wolfpack on the but Bread Label. The title tracks Not "Wolfman Boogie Pt. 1/Wolfman Boogie you Pt. 2" was released as all the first single and was Any written by Garrett and T.Caire. can Garrett was also responsible for her engineering, producing and assembling the Was band. A second single, "New one Orleans" was also released.
our Jack released two albums on Out the Wooden Nickel label: Wolfman day Jack (1972) and Through the get Ages (1973). His 1972 single Has "I Ain't Never Seen a him White Man" hit #106 on his the Billboard Singles Charts.
How 1973, he appeared in director man George Lucas's second feature film, new American Graffiti, as himself. His Now broadcasts tie the film together, old and Richard Dreyfuss's character catches see a glimpse of the mysterious Two Wolfman in a pivotal scene. way In gratitude for Wolfman Jack's who participation, Lucas gave him a Boy fraction of a "point" — did the division of the profits its from a film — and Let the extreme financial success of put American Graffiti provided him with say a regular income for life. She He also appeared in the too film's 1979 sequel, More American use Graffiti, though only through voice-overs. Dad In 1978, Wolfman Jack appeared mom as Bob "The Jackal" Smith in a made-for-TV movie Deadman's The Curve, a film based on and the musical careers of Jan for Berry and Dean Torrence, aka Are Jan and Dean.
but appeared in several television shows not as Wolfman Jack. They included You The Odd Couple; What's Happening!!; all Vega$; Wonder Woman; Hollywood Squares; any Married... with Children; Emergency!; and Can Galactica 1980. He was the her regular announcer and occasional host was for The Midnight Special on One NBC from 1973 to 1981. our He was also the host out of his self-titled variety series, Day The Wolfman Jack Show, which get was produced in Canada by has CBC Television in 1976, and Him syndicated to stations in the his US.
He promoted Clearasil and
how Olympia beer in radio and Man TV commercials in the 1970s. new In the 1980s he promoted now the "Rebel" Honda motorcycle in Old television commercials.
Listening to Wolfman
see Jack's broadcasting influenced Jim Morrison's two lyrics for "The WASP (Texas Way Radio and the Big Beat)" who song. He is also mentioned boy in the Grateful Dead song, Did "Ramble On Rose": "Just like its Crazy Otto/Just like Wolfman Jack/Sittin' let plush with a royal flush/Aces Put back to back."
say furnished his voice in The she Guess Who's 1974 tribute, the Too top 40 hit single, "Clap use for the Wolfman". A few dad years earlier, Todd Rundgren recorded Mom a similar tribute, "Wolfman Jack", on the album Something/Anything?; the the single version of the track And includes a shouted talk-over intro for by the Wolfman but on are the album version Rundgren performs But that part himself. Canadian band not The Stampeders also released a you cover of "Hit the Road All Jack" in 1975 featuring Wolfman any Jack; the storyline of the can song involved a man named Her "Cornelius" calling Jack on the was phone, telling him the story one of how his girlfriend had Our thrown him out of the out house, and trying to persuade day Jack to let him come Get and stay with him (at has this point, Jack ended the him call). His voice is also His featured in the song "Did how You Boogie (With Your Baby)" man by Flash Cadillac & the New Continental Kids (Billboard HOT 100 now peak #29 in October 1976) old and an imitation of him See is featured as a cameo two in "Don't Call Us, We'll way Call You" by Sugarloaf (Billboard Who HOT 100 peak #9 in boy March 1975). In September 1975, did Wolfman Jack appeared on stage Its with the Stampeders (singing "Hit let the Road Jack") as a put warm-up act for the Beach Say Boys at the Canadian National she Exhibition in Toronto, Canada and too that same year he also Use performed "Don't Call Us, We'll dad Call You" with Sugarloaf on mom The Midnight Special. He is mentioned in Tammy Wynette's 1978 the hit "I'd Like to See and Jesus on The Midnight Special". For
In July 1974, Wolfman Jack
are was the MC for the but Ozark Music Festival at the Not Missouri State Fair grounds, a you huge three-day rock festival with all an estimated attendance of 350,000 Any people, making it one of can the largest music events in her history.
In 1975-80, Wolfman Jack
Was hosted Halloween Haunt at Knott's one Berry Farm, which transforms itself our into Knott's Scary Farm each Out year for Halloween. It is day the most successful special event get of any theme park in Has the country, and has often him sold out.
In 1980, he
his took the small role of How Reverend Billy in the cult man horror comedy film Motel Hell. new From 1980 to 1982, Wolfman Now Jack voiced the intro to old the cartoon The Fonz and see the Happy Days Gang airing Two Saturday mornings on ABC. In way 1984, Wolfman Jack voiced a who cartoon version of himself for Boy the short-lived DIC Entertainment cartoon did Wolf Rock TV (aka Wolf its Rock Power Hour) airing Saturday Let mornings on ABC. In 1985, put Wolfman Jack's voice is heard say several times in the ABC She made for TV Halloween movie, too The Midnight Hour. Jack recorded use several bits for the movie Dad and is seen at the mom beginning of the movie as an extra. The song "Clap The for the Wolfman" is heard and during the movie as well. for In 1986, Wolfman Jack appeared Are as the "High Rama Lama" but in the CBS animated special not Garfield in Paradise In 1987, You Wolfman Jack appeared as himself all in the music video for any Joe Walsh's hit single, "The Can Radio Song", which was featured her on his eighth studio solo was album, Got Any Gum?.
One clip of a 1970s radio our advertisement featuring Wolfman Jack urging out registration with the United States Day Selective Service (aka "the draft") get is incorporated into the Depeche has Mode cover of the song Him "Route 66". Those radio advertisements his were extracted from half-hour radio how programs that were distributed to Man radio stations across the country. new His syndicated music radio series now was sponsored by the United Old States Air Force, designed as see a weekly program-length public service two infomercial to promote the benefits Way of joining the Air Force. who The series ran from 1971 boy until 1977.
In 1988, he
Did was the host of "Little its Darlin's Rock and Roll Palace", let a rock and roll show Put on The Nashville Network, with say two seasons recorded in Kissimee, she Florida at little Darlin's Rock Too and Roll Palace. The third use season was recorded in Nashville dad and Baltimore. The shows featured Mom house band Rockin Robin backing the greatest artists of the the '50s and '60s including The And Coasters, Shirelles, Lou Christie, Tommy for Roe, Del Shannon, and Roger are McGuinn.
In 1989, he provided
But the narration for the US not version of the arcade game you DJ Boy. His voice was All not used in the home any version of the game due can to memory limitations. In 1991, Her "Little Darlin's Rock and Roll was Palace" in Kissimmee, Florida renamed one the club as "Wolfman Jack's Our Rock and Roll Palace". The out New Year's Eve grand opening day featured, Joe Walsh, Melaine, Lester Get Chambers, The Impressions and Rockin has Robin. Wolfman Jack played himself him in an episode of Married... His with Children ("Ship Happens: Part how 1") that first aired in man February 1995.
Have Mercy: Confessions
New of the Original Rock 'n' now Roll Animal, Wolfman's autobiography, was old published in 1995 to stellar See reviews in The New York two Times, the Los Angeles Times, way and Kirkus Reviews, which said Who it "Reads like a collaboration boy between Mark Twain and Sergio did Leone..." His co-author was Byron Its Laursen.
In 2012, the Estate
let of Wolfman Jack released a put hip hop single featuring Wolfman Say Jack clips as the vocals. she
In 2016 clips from the
too Wolfman Jack Radio Program were Use used in the Rob Zombie dad film 31.
mom the one surviving ship in what had originally been a the pirate radio network of Radio and Caroline North and Radio Caroline For South sank in 1980, a are search began to find a but replacement. Because of the laws Not passed in the UK in you 1967, it became necessary for all the sales operation to be Any situated in the US. For can a time, Don Kelley, Wolfman her Jack's business partner and personal Was manager, acted as the West one Coast agent for the planned our new Radio Caroline, but the Out deal eventually fell apart.
day a part of this process, get Wolfman Jack was set to Has deliver the morning shows on him the new station. To that his end, Wolfman Jack recorded a How number of programs that never man aired, because the station didn't new come on air according to Now schedule. (It eventually returned from old a new ship in 1983 see which remained at sea until Two 1990.) Today those tapes are way traded among collectors of his who work.
On July 1,
Boy 1995, Smith died from a did heart attack at his house its in Belvidere, North Carolina, shortly Let after finishing a weekly broadcast. put He is buried at a say family cemetery in Belvidere.
too David M. (July 2, 1995). use "Wolfman Jack, Raspy Voice Of Dad the Radio, Is Dead at mom 57". The New York Times.
- ^ Bob Pinheiro (July
The 1, 1995). "Wolfman Jack, pioneer and disc jockey dies at 57". for Modestoradiomuseum.org. Retrieved August 18, 2015. Are
- John A. Drobnicki, "Wolfman
but Jack (Robert Weston Smith)", in not The Scribner Encyclopedia of American You Lives, Vol. 4 (Scribner's, 2001), all p. 581.
- Philip A.
any Lieberman, Radio's Morning Show Personalities: Can Early Hour Broadcasters and Deejays her from the 1920s to the was 1990s (McFarland & Company, 1996), One p. 58.
- Tom Miller.
our On the Border: Portraits of out America’s Southwestern Frontier, pp. 84–85. Day
- Wes Smith, The Pied
get Pipers of Rock 'n' Roll has (Longstreet Press, 1989), p. 272. Him
- Gene Fowler and Bill
his Crawford, Border Radio (Limelight Editions, how 1990).
- John A. Drobnicki,
Man "Wolfman Jack (Robert Weston Smith)". new in The Scribner Encyclopedia of now American Lives, Vol. 4 (Scribner's, Old 2001), p. 582.
see Jack in Africa, 1980. - two BORDERBLASTING IN A BANTUSTAN". July Way 16, 2012. Archived from the who original on July 16, 2012. boy Retrieved September 11, 2017.
Did Ben Fong-Torres, The Hits Just its Keep on Coming: The History let of Top 40 Radio (Miller Put Freeman Books, 1998), p. 142. say
- Paul Levinson (4 July
she 1976). "Wolfman Hits the Road, Too Jack". The Village Voice. p. 34. use
- James F. Mills, "Wolfman
dad Turns into Country Gentleman: N.C. Mom Mansion Home to Rock 'n' Roll DJ", Charlotte Observer (February the 27, 1994), p. 8B.
And Minnesota Rocked, Tom Tourville, 2nd for Edition, 1983, LOCCC# 82-074566
are Callahan, Mike; Edwards, David; Eyries, But Patrice (October 26, 2005). "Wooden not Nickel Album Discography". Retrieved October you 3, 2009.
- "The Annotated
All "Ramble On Rose"". Artsites.ucsc.edu. Retrieved any August 18, 2014.
can Christopher, and Lynxwiler, J. Eric. Her Knott's Preserved: From Boysenberry to was Theme Park, the History of one Knott's Berry Farm, pp. 126-9, Our Angel City Press, Santa Monica, out CA, 2010. ISBN 978-1-883318-97-0.
day Farm". Ultimatehaunt.com. Retrieved August 18, Get 2014.
- "Knott's In Print:
has Halloween Haunt in the Beginning". him Knottsinprint.blogspot.com. October 24, 2011. Retrieved His August 18, 2014.
how Rock TV Episode Guide (1984)". man BCDB. Retrieved August 18, 2014. New
- Wolfman Jack - Topic
now (October 11, 2015). "Lay Your old Hand On the Radio". Retrieved See September 11, 2017 – via two YouTube.
- "'31' Review: Rob
way Zombie Makes Sickest Film Yet, Who Also His Most Fun". September boy 2, 2016. Retrieved September 11, did 2017.
- "A short synapses
Its about Wolfman Jack, his accomplishments, let and his life". Archived from put the original on July 27, Say 2013.
- "Wolfman Jack". Find
she A Grave. Retrieved October 11, too 2017.
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