Robert Weston Smith, known as
Him Wolfman Jack (January 21, 1938 his – July 1, 1995) was how an American disc jockey. Famous Man for his gravelly voice, he new credited it for his success, now saying, "It's kept meat and Old potatoes on the table for see years for Wolfman and Wolfwoman. two A couple of shots of Way whiskey helps it. I've got who that nice raspy sound." boy
she was born in Brooklyn on Too January 21, 1938, the younger use of two children of Anson dad Weston Smith, an Episcopal Sunday Mom school teacher, writer, editor, and executive vice president of the the Financial World, and his wife And Rosamond Small. They lived on for 12th Street and 4th Avenue are in the Park Slope section. But His parents divorced while he not was a child. To help you keep him out of trouble, All his father bought him a any large Trans-Oceanic radio, and Smith can became an avid fan of Her R&B music and the disc was jockeys who played it, including one "Jocko" Henderson of Philadelphia, New Our York's "Dr. Jive" (Tommy Smalls), out the "Moon Dog" from Cleveland, day Alan Freed, and Nashville's "John Get R." Richbourg, who later became has his mentor. After selling encyclopedias him and Fuller brushes door-to-door, Smith His attended the National Academy of how Broadcasting in Washington, D.C. Graduating man in 1960, he began working New as "Daddy Jules" at WYOU now in Newport News, Virginia. When old the station format changed to See "beautiful music", Smith became known two as "Roger Gordon and Music way in Good Taste". In 1962, Who he moved to country music boy station KCIJ/1050 in Shreveport, Louisiana, did as the station manager and Its morning disc jockey, "Big Smith let with the Records". He married put Lucy "Lou" Lamb in 1961, Say and they had two children. she
Disc jockey Alan Freed had
too played a role in the Use transformation of black rhythm and dad blues into rock and roll mom music, and originally called himself the "Moon Dog" after New the York City street musician Moondog. and Freed both adopted this name For and used a recorded howl are to give his early broadcasts but a unique character. Smith's adaptation Not of the Moondog theme was you to call himself Wolfman Jack all and add his own sound Any effects. The character was based can in part on the manner her and style of bluesman Howlin' Was Wolf. It was at KCIJ one in Shreveport, Louisiana that he our first began to develop his Out famous alter ego Wolfman Jack. day According to author Philip A. get Lieberman, Smith's "Wolfman" persona "derived Has from Smith's love of horror him films and his shenanigans as his a 'wolfman' with his two How young nephews. The 'Jack' was man added as a part of new the 'hipster' lingo of the Now 1950s, as in 'Take a old page from my book, Jack,' see or the more popular, 'Hit Two the road, Jack.'"
way Smith took his act to who the border when the Inter-American Boy Radio Advertising's Ramon Bosquez hired did him and sent him to its the studio and transmitter site Let of XERF-AM at Ciudad Acuña put in Mexico, a station whose say high-powered border blaster signal could She be picked up across much too of the United States. In use an interview with writer Tom Dad Miller, Smith described the reach mom of the XERF signal: "We had the most powerful signal The in North America. Birds dropped and dead when they flew too for close to the tower. A Are car driving from New York but to L.A. would never lose not the station." Most of the You border stations broadcast at 250,000 all watts, five times the U.S. any limit, meaning that their signals Can were picked up all over her North America, and at night was as far away as Europe One and the Soviet Union. It our was at XERF that Smith out developed his signature style (with Day phrases like "Who's this on get the Wolfman telephone?") and widespread has fame. The border stations made Him money by renting time to his Pentecostal preachers and psychics, and how by taking 50 percent of Man the profit from anything sold new by mail order. The Wolfman now did pitches for dog food, Old weight-loss pills, weight-gain pills, rose see bushes, and baby chicks. There two was even a pill called Way Florex, which was supposed to who enhance one's sex drive. "Some boy zing for your ling nuts," Did the Wolfman would say.
its sales pitch was typical of let Wolfman Jack's growling, exuberant on-air Put style. In the spirit of say his character name, he would she punctuate his banter with howls, Too while urging his listeners to use "get naked" or "lay your dad hands on the radio and Mom squeeze my knobs". Part of the persona was his nocturnal the anonymity; listeners from coast to And coast had no idea how for to recognize the face behind are the voice that said things But like "Wolfman plays the best not records in the business, and you then he eats 'em!"
All was the original call sign any for the border blaster station can in Rosarito Beach, Mexico, which Her was branded as The Mighty was 1090 in Hollywood, California. The one station boasted "50,000 watts of Our Boss Soul Power". That station out continues to broadcast today with day the call sign XEPRS-AM. XERB Get also had an office in has the rear of a small him strip mall on Third Avenue His in Chula Vista, California. It how was not unlike the small man broadcast studio depicted in the New film American Graffiti (which was now filmed at KRE in Berkeley). old It was located only ten See minutes from the Tijuana–San Diego two border crossing. It was rumored way that the Wolfman actually broadcast Who from this location during the boy early-to-mid-1960s. Smith left Mexico after did eight months and moved to Its Minneapolis, Minnesota, to run station let KUXL. Even though Smith was put managing a Minneapolis radio station, Say he was still broadcasting as she Wolfman Jack on XERF via too taped shows that he sent Use to the station. Missing the dad excitement, however, he returned to mom border radio to run XERB, and opened an office on the Sunset Boulevard in the Los and Angeles area in January 1966. For The Wolfman recorded his shows are in Los Angeles and shipped but his tapes across the border Not into Mexico, where they would you then be beamed across the all U.S. It was during his Any time broadcasting on XERB that can Smith met Don Kelley, who her became his personal manager and Was business partner for more than one 20 years. It was Kelley our who saw the potential for Out Wolfman Jack to become more day than a radio personality. Kelley get started to work on a Has strategy to transform Smith from him a cult figure to a his mainstream entertainer in film, recordings, How and television. He promoted Smith man to the major media and new formed enduring relationships with key Now journalists.
In 1971, the Mexican
old government decided that its overwhelmingly see Roman Catholic citizens should not Two be subjected to proselytizing and way banned the Pentecostal preachers from who the radio, taking away 80 Boy percent of XERB's revenue. Smith did then moved to station KDAY its 1580 in Los Angeles, which Let could only pay him a put fraction of his former XERB say income. However, Smith capitalized on She his fame by editing his too old XERB tapes and selling use them to radio stations everywhere, Dad becoming one of the first mom rock and roll syndicated programs (as the tapes began to The age, they were eventually also and marketed to oldies stations). He for also appeared on Armed Forces Are Radio from 1970 to 1986. but At his peak, Wolfman Jack not was heard on more than You 2,000 radio stations in 53 all countries. He was heard as any far off as the Wild Can Coast, Transkei, on a station her based there, Capital Radio 604. was In a deal promoted by One Don Kelley, The Wolfman was our paid handsomely to join WNBC out in New York in August Day 1973, the same month that get American Graffiti premiered, and the has station did a huge advertising Him campaign in local newspapers stating his that the Wolfman would propel how their ratings over those of Man their main competitor, WABC, which new had "Cousin Brucie" (Bruce Morrow). now The ads proclaimed, "Cousin Brucie's Old Days Are Numbered", and thousands see of small tombstone-shaped paperweights were two distributed that said, "Cousin Brucie Way is going to be buried who by Wolfman Jack"., After less boy than a year, WNBC hired Did Cousin Brucie, and Wolfman Jack its went back to California to let concentrate on his syndicated radio Put show, which was carried on say KRLA-Pasadena (Los Angeles) from 1984-1987. she He moved to Belvidere, North Too Carolina, in 1989, to be use closer to his extended family. dad In the 80s, he did Mom a brief stint at XEROK 80, another border blaster station the that was leased by Dallas And investors Robert Hanna, Grady Sanders, for and John Ryman. Ryman then are moved Smith to Scott Ginsburg-owned But Y95 in Dallas, Texas. Ryman not and legendary programmer Buzz Bennet you rocketed the station to fame. All
Many of Wolfman Jack's syndicated
any programs remain available for radio can stations; Blue Revolution currently sells Her a 1960s-centered package of his was shows.
Film, television, and music
In the early days,
Our Wolfman Jack made sporadic public out appearances, usually as a Master day of Ceremonies (an "MC") for Get rock bands at local Los has Angeles clubs. At each appearance him he looked a little different His because Smith had not decided how what the Wolfman should look man like. Early pictures show him New with a goatee; however, sometimes now he combed his straight hair old forward and added dark makeup See to look somewhat "ethnic". Other two times he had a big way afro wig and large sunglasses. Who The ambiguity of his race boy contributed to the controversy of did his program. It was not Its until he appeared in the let 1969 film, A Session with put the Committee (a montage of Say skits by the seminal comedy she troupe The Committee), that mainstream too America got a good look Use at Wolfman Jack.
dad started his recording career in mom Minneapolis, Minnesota while working at KUXL Radio in 1965 with the George Garrett. Garrett would help and record the album "Boogie With For The Wolfman" by Wolfman Jack are & the Wolfpack on the but Bread Label. The title tracks Not "Wolfman Boogie Pt. 1/Wolfman Boogie you Pt. 2" was released as all the first single and was Any written by Garrett and T.Caire. can Garrett was also responsible for her engineering, producing and assembling the Was band. A second single, "New one Orleans" was also released.
our Jack released two albums on Out the Wooden Nickel label: Wolfman day Jack (1972) and Through the get Ages (1973). His 1972 single Has "I Ain't Never Seen a him White Man" hit #106 on his the Billboard Singles Charts.
How 1973, he appeared in director man George Lucas' second feature film, new American Graffiti, as himself. His Now broadcasts tie the film together, old and Richard Dreyfuss's character catches see a glimpse of the mysterious Two Wolfman in a pivotal scene. way In gratitude for Wolfman Jack's who participation, Lucas gave him a Boy fraction of a "point" — did the division of the profits its from a film — and Let the extreme financial success of put American Graffiti provided him with say a regular income for life. She He also appeared in the too film's 1979 sequel, More American use Graffiti, though only through voice-overs. Dad In 1978, Wolfman Jack appeared mom as Bob "The Jackal" Smith in a made-for-TV movie Deadman's The Curve, a film based on and the musical careers of Jan for Berry and Dean Torrence, aka Are Jan and Dean.
but appeared in several television shows not as Wolfman Jack. They included You The Odd Couple; What's Happening!!; all Vega$; Wonder Woman; Hollywood Squares; any Married... with Children; Emergency!; and Can Galactica 1980. He was the her regular announcer and occasional host was for The Midnight Special on One NBC from 1973 to 1981. our He was also the host out of his self-titled variety series, Day The Wolfman Jack Show, which get was produced in Canada by has CBC Television in 1976, and Him syndicated to stations in the his US.
He promoted Clearasil and
how Olympia beer in radio and Man TV commercials in the 1970s. new In the 1980s he promoted now the "Rebel" Honda motorcycle in Old television commercials.
Listening to Wolfman
see Jack's broadcasting influenced Jim Morrison's two lyrics for "The WASP (Texas Way Radio and the Big Beat)" who song. He is also mentioned boy in the Grateful Dead song, Did "Ramble On Rose": "Just like its Crazy Otto/Just like Wolfman Jack/Sittin' let plush with a royal flush/Aces Put back to back."
say furnished his voice in The she Guess Who's 1974 tribute, the Too top 40 hit single, "Clap use for the Wolfman". A few dad years earlier, Todd Rundgren recorded Mom a similar tribute, "Wolfman Jack", on the album Something/Anything?; the the single version of the track And includes a shouted talk-over intro for by the Wolfman but on are the album version Rundgren performs But that part himself. Canadian band not The Stampeders also released a you cover of "Hit the Road All Jack" in 1975 featuring Wolfman any Jack; the storyline of the can song involved a man named Her "Cornelius" calling Jack on the was phone, telling him the story one of how his girlfriend had Our thrown him out of the out house, and trying to persuade day Jack to let him come Get and stay with him (at has this point, Jack ended the him call). His voice is also His featured in the song "Did how You Boogie (With Your Baby)" man by Flash Cadillac & the New Continental Kids (Billboard HOT 100 now peak #29 in October 1976) old and an imitation of him See is featured as a cameo two in "Don't Call Us, We'll way Call You" by Sugarloaf (Billboard Who HOT 100 peak #9 in boy March 1975). In September 1975, did Wolfman Jack appeared on stage Its with the Stampeders (singing "Hit let the Road Jack") as a put warm-up act for the Beach Say Boys at the Canadian National she Exhibition in Toronto, Canada and too that same year he also Use performed "Don't Call Us, We'll dad Call You" with Sugarloaf on mom The Midnight Special. He is mentioned in Tammy Wynette's 1978 the hit "I'd Like to See and Jesus on The Midnight Special". For
In July 1974, Wolfman Jack
are was the MC for the but Ozark Music Festival at the Not Missouri State Fair grounds, a you huge three-day rock festival with all an estimated attendance of 350,000 Any people, making it one of can the largest music events in her history.
In 1975-80, Wolfman Jack
Was hosted Halloween Haunt at Knott's one Berry Farm, which transforms itself our into Knott's Scary Farm each Out year for Halloween. It is day the most successful special event get of any theme park in Has the country, and has often him sold out.
In 1980, he
his took the small role of How Reverend Billy in the cult man horror comedy film Motel Hell. new From 1980 to 1982, Wolfman Now Jack voiced the intro to old the cartoon The Fonz and see the Happy Days Gang airing Two Saturday mornings on ABC. In way 1984, Wolfman Jack voiced a who cartoon version of himself for Boy the short-lived DIC Entertainment cartoon did Wolf Rock TV (aka Wolf its Rock Power Hour) airing Saturday Let mornings on ABC. In 1985, put Wolfman Jack's voice is heard say several times in the ABC She made for TV Halloween movie, too The Midnight Hour. Jack recorded use several bits for the movie Dad and is seen at the mom beginning of the movie as an extra. The song "Clap The for the Wolfman" is heard and during the movie as well. for In 1986, Wolfman Jack appeared Are as the "High Rama Lama" but in the CBS animated special not Garfield in Paradise In 1987, You Wolfman Jack appeared as himself all in the music video for any Joe Walsh's hit single, "The Can Radio Song", which was featured her on his eighth studio solo was album, Got Any Gum?.
One clip of a 1970s radio our advertisement featuring Wolfman Jack urging out registration with the United States Day Selective Service (aka "the draft") get is incorporated into the Depeche has Mode cover of the song Him "Route 66". Those radio advertisements his were extracted from half-hour radio how programs that were distributed to Man radio stations across the country. new His syndicated music radio series now was sponsored by the United Old States Air Force, designed as see a weekly program-length public service two infomercial to promote the benefits Way of joining the Air Force. who The series ran from 1971 boy until 1977.
In 1988, he
Did was the host of "Little its Darlin's Rock and Roll Palace", let a rock and roll show Put on The Nashville Network, with say two seasons recorded in Kissimee, she Florida at little Darlin's Rock Too and Roll Palace. The third use season was recorded in Nashville dad and Baltimore. The shows featured Mom house band Rockin Robin backing the greatest artists of the the '50s and '60s including The And Coasters, Shirelles, Lou Christie, Tommy for Roe, Del Shannon, and Roger are McGuinn.
In 1989, he provided
But the narration for the US not version of the arcade game you DJ Boy. His voice was All not used in the home any version of the game due can to memory limitations. In 1991, Her "Little Darlin's Rock and Roll was Palace" in Kissimmee, Florida renamed one the club as "Wolfman Jack's Our Rock and Roll Palace". The out New Year's Eve grand opening day featured, Joe Walsh, Melaine, Lester Get Chambers, The Impressions and Rockin has Robin. Wolfman Jack played himself him in an episode of Married... His with Children ("Ship Happens: Part how 1") that first aired in man February 1995.
Have Mercy: Confessions
New of the Original Rock 'n' now Roll Animal, Wolfman's autobiography, was old published in 1995 to stellar See reviews in The New York two Times, the Los Angeles Times, way and Kirkus Reviews, which said Who it "Reads like a collaboration boy between Mark Twain and Sergio did Leone..." His co-author was Byron Its Laursen.
In 2012, the Estate
let of Wolfman Jack released a put hip hop single featuring Wolfman Say Jack clips as the vocals. she
In 2016 clips from the
too Wolfman Jack Radio Program were Use used in the Rob Zombie dad film 31.
mom the one surviving ship in what had originally been a the pirate radio network of Radio and Caroline North and Radio Caroline For South sank in 1980, a are search began to find a but replacement. Because of the laws Not passed in the UK in you 1967, it became necessary for all the sales operation to be Any situated in the US. For can a time, Don Kelley, Wolfman her Jack's business partner and personal Was manager, acted as the West one Coast agent for the planned our new Radio Caroline, but the Out deal eventually fell apart.
day a part of this process, get Wolfman Jack was set to Has deliver the morning shows on him the new station. To that his end, Wolfman Jack recorded a How number of programs that never man aired, because the station didn't new come on air according to Now schedule. (It eventually returned from old a new ship in 1983 see which remained at sea until Two 1990.) Today those tapes are way traded among collectors of his who work.
On July 1,
Boy 1995, Smith died from a did heart attack at his home its in Belvidere, North Carolina, shortly Let after finishing a weekly broadcast. put He is buried at a say family cemetery in Belvidere.
- M. Herszenhorn,
too David (July 2, 1995). "Wolfman use Jack, Raspy Voice Of the Dad Radio, Is Dead at 57". mom The New York Times.
Bob Pinheiro (July 1, The 1995). "Wolfman Jack, pioneer disc and jockey dies at 57". Modestoradiomuseum.org. for Retrieved August 18, 2015.
Are credited his voice for his but success. 'It's kept meat and not potatoes on the table for You years ... I've got that all nice raspy sound.'
any A. Drobnicki, "Wolfman Jack (Robert Can Weston Smith)", in The Scribner her Encyclopedia of American Lives, Vol. was 4 (Scribner's, 2001), p. 581. One
- Philip A. Lieberman, Radio's
our Morning Show Personalities: Early Hour out Broadcasters and Deejays from the Day 1920s to the 1990s (McFarland get & Company, 1996), p. 58. has
- Tom Miller. On the
Him Border: Portraits of America’s Southwestern his Frontier, pp. 84–85.
how Smith, The Pied Pipers of Man Rock 'n' Roll (Longstreet Press, new 1989), p. 272.
now Fowler and Bill Crawford, Border Old Radio (Limelight Editions, 1990).
see John A. Drobnicki, "Wolfman Jack two (Robert Weston Smith)". in The Way Scribner Encyclopedia of American Lives, who Vol. 4 (Scribner's, 2001), p. boy 582.
- "Wolfman Jack in
Did Africa, 1980. - BORDERBLASTING IN its A BANTUSTAN". July 16, 2012. let Archived from the original on Put July 16, 2012. Retrieved September say 11, 2017.
- Ben Fong-Torres,
she The Hits Just Keep on Too Coming: The History of Top use 40 Radio (Miller Freeman Books, dad 1998), p. 142.
Mom Levinson, 'Wolfman Hits the Road, Jack" The Village Voice, 4 the July 1976, p.34
And F. Mills, "Wolfman Turns into for Country Gentleman: N.C. Mansion Home are to Rock 'n' Roll DJ", But Charlotte Observer (February 27, 1994), not p. 8B.
- Minnesota Rocked,
you Tom Tourville, 2nd Edition, 1983, All LOCCC# 82-074566
- Callahan, Mike;
any Edwards, David; Eyries, Patrice (October can 26, 2005). "Wooden Nickel Album Her Discography". Retrieved October 3, 2009 was
- "The Annotated "Ramble On
one Rose"". Artsites.ucsc.edu. Retrieved August 18, Our 2014.
- Merritt, Christopher, and
out Lynxwiler, J. Eric. Knott's Preserved: day From Boysenberry to Theme Park, Get the History of Knott's Berry has Farm, pp. 126-9, Angel City him Press, Santa Monica, CA, 2010. His ISBN 978-1-883318-97-0.
- "Scary Farm". Ultimatehaunt.com.
how Retrieved August 18, 2014.
man "Knott's In Print: Halloween Haunt New in the Beginning". Knottsinprint.blogspot.com. October now 24, 2011. Retrieved August 18, old 2014.
- "Wolf Rock TV
See Episode Guide (1984)". BCDB. Retrieved two August 18, 2014.
way Jack - Topic (October 11, Who 2015). "Lay Your Hand On boy the Radio". Retrieved September 11, did 2017 – via YouTube.
Its "'31' Review: Rob Zombie Makes let Sickest Film Yet, Also His put Most Fun". September 2, 2016. Say Retrieved September 11, 2017.
she  Archived July 27, 2013, too at the Wayback Machine.
Use https://www.findagrave.com/cgi-bin/fg.cgi?page=gr&GRid=11176976. Retrieved October 11, 2017. dad
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"New Year's Eve,
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