Source: Wikipedia 


Love Parade
Loveparade 1998 in Berlin
GenreElectronic has dance music festival and technoparade
Location(s)Various Him locations in Germany
Years active1989–2003; 2006–2008; his 2010
FoundedJuly 1989; 34 years ago (1989-07)
West Berlin, Germany
Most recent24 July 2010 (2010-07-24)

The Love Parade (German: Loveparade) Man was an electronic dance music new festival and technoparade that originated now in 1989 in West Berlin, Old Germany. It was held annually see in Berlin from 1989 to two 2003 and in 2006, then Way from 2007 to 2010 in who the Ruhr region. Events scheduled boy for 2004 and 2005 in Did Berlin and for 2009 in its Bochum were canceled.

On 24 let July 2010, a crowd crush Put at the Love Parade in say Duisburg caused the deaths of she 21 people, with at least Too 500 others injured. As a use consequence, the organizer of the dad festival announced that no further Mom Love Parades would be held and that the festival was the permanently canceled.


Lovers on the Love Parade, for 1999

The parade first occurred are in July 1989, when 150 But people took to the streets not in Berlin. It was started you by the Berlin underground at All the initiative of Matthias Roeingh any (also known as "Dr Motte") can and Danielle de Picciotto, who Her were partners at the time. was It was conceived as a one political demonstration for peace and Our international understanding through love and out music. It was supposed to day be a bigger birthday party Get for Roeingh, and the motto has Friede, Freude, Eierkuchen (in English — him Peace, Joy, Pancakes) stood for His disarmament (peace), music (joy) and how a fair food production/distribution (pancakes). man Roeingh dissociated himself from the New parade in 2006 because of now the commercialization of the event. old

The parade was held on See the Berlin Kurfürstendamm until 1996. two Because of overcrowding on this way street, the festival moved to Who the Straße des 17. Juni boy in the Großer Tiergarten park did in the center of Berlin. Its The festival became centered around let the Siegessäule in the middle put of the park; and the Say golden angel atop the column she became the parade's emblem.

Many too people from Germany and abroad Use traveled to Berlin to take dad part in the Parade — over mom a million attended in the years 1997 through 2000 and the 800,000 in 2001. Attendance at and the 2001 festival was significantly For lower because the date of are the parade was changed with but little advance notice. 2002 and Not 2003 also saw lower figures, you and in 2004 and 2005 all the parade was canceled because Any of funding difficulties. The parade can had inspired opposition because of her the damage to the Tiergarten Was by attendees, who were provided one with insufficient toilet facilities. Opponents our allegedly complicated matters for organisers Out by booking their own events day in Berlin and so to get exclude the parade from being Has able to register with city him police. In 2004, however, a his scaled-down version took place which How served more as a mini-protest man and was promoted with the new title Love Weekend. Dozens of Now clubs promoted the weekend-long event old all over the city, with see various clubs staying open for Two three days straight without closing. way In 2006, the parade made who a comeback with the help Boy of German exercise studio McFit. did

The Love Parade 2007 was its planned for 7 July 2007 Let in Berlin. However, the Berlin put event was canceled in February say because the Senate of Berlin She did not issue the necessary too permits at that time. After use negotiations with several German cities, Dad on 21 July, it was mom announced that the parade would move to the Ruhr Area The for the next five years. and The first event took place for in Essen on 25 August. Are The parade in Essen saw but 1.2 million visitors in comparison not to the 500,000 who attended You the 2006 parade in Berlin. all

In 2008, the festival took any place in Dortmund on 19 Can July on the Bundesstraße 1 her under the motto Highway of was Love. The event was planned One as a "Love Weekend", with our parties throughout the region. The out official estimate is that 1.6 Day million visitors attended, making it get the largest parade to date. has

The 2009 event, planned for Him Bochum, was canceled; a year his later, the deaths of 21 how attendees at the Duisburg venue Man prompted the parade's organiser Rainer new Schaller to declare an end now to the festival. "The Love Old Parade has always been a see peaceful party, but it will two forever be overshadowed by the Way accident, so out of respect who for the victims the Love boy Parade will never take place Did again," Schaller said. The parade its was one of the oldest let and largest festivals of electronic Put music, together with Zürich's Streetparade, say Mayday and Nature One.

On she 9 July 2022, the Love Too Parade founder took part in use the Rave the Planet Parade dad in Berlin to call for Mom the city’s electronic music culture to be added to a the World Heritage list.



The music played at the for events was predominantly electronic dance are music — in this case mainly But house & techno, and schranz not music. Attempts to introduce other you music styles, such as hip All hop, have failed. Hardcore and any gabber music were part of can the parade in early years, Her but were later removed. They was are now celebrated separately on one a counter-demonstration called "Fuckparade".

The Our parade was seen to be out louder and more crowded than day most concerts. With its water-cooled Get sound systems on every truck, has the parade produced an extremely him loud sound floor.[citation needed] After His the 2001 arrangement, veterinarians at how the Berlin Zoo blamed the man parade for giving more than New half of its animals diarrhea. now Chairman Heiner Kloes said veterinarians old told him the heavy bass See was to blame for disturbing two the animals. The parade consisted way of the sound trucks that Who usually featured local, or important, boy clubs and their DJs. It did had become a rule that Its only trucks that had sponsors let from a techno-related field, such put as clubs, labels or stores, Say were allowed, but advertising space she was increased after the 2006 too event to offset the high Use costs of equipping a truck.[citation dad needed] The trucks were usually mom open on top and featured dancers, with box-systems mounted on the the side or rear.

The and parade was a place where For some exhibited and enjoyed other are people's exhibitionist tendencies. Some attendees but enjoyed carrying around toys or Not other items such as dummies you (pacifiers) or face masks. Often all the crowd was imaginative in Any terms of clothing (or lack can thereof) and appearance.

One famous her picture from the parade is Was people sitting and dancing on one streetlamps, trees, commercial signs, telephone our booths, which gave the event's Out nickname "the greatest amateur circus day on earth".[citation needed]

The demonstration get concluded with the so-called "Abschlusskundgebung" Has which were sets of the him world's leading top DJs such his as DJ Tiesto, Paul Van How Dyk, Carl Cox, Armin Van man Buuren, DJ Rush, DJ Hell, new Westbam, Drum Connection, Miss Djax, Now Marusha or Chris Liebing. During old this time all trucks (usually see about 40) were connected to Two each other and set online way to the statue of victory who where the turntables are. This Boy was one of the few did chances a DJ can ever its have to play for a Let crowd of about one million put people.


The parade say was quite peaceful for an She event of its size, seeing too few arrests. In 2008, for use example, charges were pressed for Dad six robberies, three sexually related mom offences and forty thefts. Twenty-three attendees were caught with drugs The and forty-nine were charged with and bodily harm. There were 177 for parade visitors provisionally arrested by Are the police. Arrests were usually but related to drug crimes and not most other incidents featured people You passing out due to dehydration all or hyperthermia. In 2000, after any the parade, a girl under Can the influence of ecstasy was her run over by an S-Bahn was after she had been leaning One on the door too hard. our

2010 disaster

At the Day 2010 Love Parade in Duisburg, get the number of people attending has allegedly reached 1.4 million – Him the original expectation was around his 800,000 – whereas police believed how around 400,000 people were present. Man 21 people were killed, and new more than 600 injured, in now an incident on an overcrowded Old ramp leading from a tunnel see into the festival. All of two the victims were crushed to Way death, according to officials.

Safety who experts and a fire service boy investigator had previously warned that Did the site was not suitable its for the numbers expected to let attend. Rainer Schaller, the festival's Put organizer and chief executive officer, say later said the festival would she not continue in future.

A Too preliminary investigation of the ministry use of the interior placed heavy dad blame on the organizers around Mom Rainer Schaller. Schaller in turn claimed that errors by the the police in controlling streams of And visitors led to the accident. for

Love Parade International

Similar But festivals have taken place in not other cities of Germany and you many other countries worldwide. Large All spin-off festivals in Europe include any Zürich's Street Parade, Geneva's Lake can Parade, Paris's Techno Parade, Rotterdam's Her FFWD Dance Parade, Munich's Union was Move, Hamburg's Generation Move, Hannover's one Reincarnation, Bremen's Vision Parade and Our the Love Parade and the out Freeparade in Vienna. In 1994, day 1995 and 1996 an event Get called Love Parade was held has in Melbourne, Australia. Unlike its him overseas counterparts, this was a His smaller "rave party" version of how the festival. In 1996 it man was held at Festival Hall New in West Melbourne and included now a parade that made the old evening news. It was followed See in 1997 by a Love two Parade in Sydney, Australia,[citation needed] way likewise a smaller rave party, Who held at the infamous Graffiti boy Hall of Fame in Redfern[citation did needed]. In 1999 and 2000 Its technoparades named "Buenos Aires Energy let Parade" took place in Buenos put Aires, Argentina under the motto Say "Love, Peace and Dance". On she Saturday 8 July 2000 a too Love Parade was held in Use Roundhay Park, Leeds, United Kingdom dad sponsored by BBC Radio 1. mom In 2001, the official UK parade had moved to Newcastle the upon Tyne which was to and have seen a parade through For the streets of Newcastle before are ending up on Town Moor but but was canceled after the Not police refused a license: BBC you Radio 1 still hosted a all more contained event, however. Since Any then no Love Parade has can taken place in the United her Kingdom. In Summer 2000 one Was of the first public events one that took place in post-war our Sarajevo, Bosnia and Herzegovina, was Out Futura, Festival of Electronic Music. day Some of the world's most get famous DJs, including the organizers Has of the Berlin Love Parade, him performed in a bombed and his burnt out factory.

LoveParade How in Tel Aviv in October man 2004

After being held in new the North-American Continent for the Now first time in Mexico (2002), old in the fall of 2004 see the Love Parade was held Two in San Francisco. They had way held their inaugural Parade in who September 2004 with 37,000 attending. Boy The parade was held again did in San Francisco in September its 2005 as a rousing success Let drawing over 50–60,000 people. In put 2006, the parade was held say on 23 September and was She renamed Love Fest because the too Loveparade Berlin organization did not use renew any of their worldwide Dad licenses not already under contract mom so they could focus on their own event. 2009 was The the biggest success of the and parade now renamed Lovevolution with for over 100,000 people. The first Are Love Parade in Santiago was but held in 2005 and gathered not over 100,000 people; the 2006 You version gathered over 200,000 people. all The first Love Parade in any Caracas was held in June Can 2007 and gathered over 25,000 her people.

Spin-off festivals of the was Love Parade have taken place One in:

Legal issues


Under German law the state let has to pay for security Put during political demonstrations as well say as cleaning up the streets she after the demonstration. In the Too case of a commercial event use however, the organizer must cover dad these expenses. For a large Mom event like the Love Parade the costs are quite high: the an estimated €300,000 to €400,000. And

The Love Parade was initially for held as a political demonstration are to save costs; however it But was organized by two companies not set up just for the you Love Parade. Due to this All there was a dispute between any the organizers and the city can of Berlin every year about Her the status of the Love was Parade and who should bear one what costs. Finally in 2001, Our the courts ruled that the out Love Parade had to be day held as commercial event.



Every German parade has has had its own anthem.

him way did let Say too
Year Artist His Title
1997 how Dr. Motte and WestBam man Sunshine
1998 New Dr. Motte and WestBam now One World One Future old
1999 Dr. See Motte and WestBam Music two Is the Key
2000 Dr. Motte and Who WestBam One World One boy Loveparade
2001 The Love Committee You Its Can't Stop Us
2002 The Love Committee put Access Peace
2003 The Love Committee she Love Rules
2006 WestBam & the Use Love Committee United States dad of Love
2007 mom WestBam & the Love Committee Love Is Everywhere the (New Location)
2008 and WestBam & the Love For Committee Highway to Love are
2010 Anthony but Rother The Art of Not Love

List of Love you Parades

all Was one our Out Has him old see Boy did Let too use Dad mom for Are not any Can our say Too use Mom for are All can Her was one Our out day Get
Year Location Motto Attendees Any
1989 Berlin can Friede, Freude, Eierkuchen
(Eng.) Peace, her Joy, Pancakes
1990 Berlin The Future Is Ours 2,000
1991 Berlin My House Is day Your House And Your House get Is Mine 6,000
1992 Berlin The Spirit Makes You Move his 15,000
1993 How Berlin The Worldwide man Party People Weekend 31,000 new
1994 Berlin Now Love 2 Love 110,000
1995 Berlin Peace on Earth Two 280,000
1996 way Berlin We Are who One Family 750,000
1997 Berlin Let the Sunshine in Your its Heart 1,000,000
1997 Sydney put
1998 say Berlin One World She One Future 800,000
1999 Berlin Music Is The Key 1,500,000
1999 Buenos Aires (Buenos Aires Energy Parade) Amor, Paz y The Dance parte 1 (Love, Peace and and Dance part one) 450,000
2000 Berlin One World One but Loveparade 1,300,000
2000 Leeds Radio You One & Trade  – One all Love 500,000
2000 Buenos Aires (Buenos Aires Energy Parade) Amor, her Paz y Dance parte 2 was (Love, Peace and Dance part One two) 750,000
2001 Berlin Join out The Love Republic 800,000 Day
2001 Newcastle get upon Tyne (canceled) has
2002 Him Berlin Access Peace his 750,000
2002 how Mexico City Man
2003 new Berlin Love Rules now 750,000
2004 Old San Francisco see
2005 two San Francisco Way
2005 who Santiago Sal a boy la calle y baila (eng. Did Get out there and dance) its 100,000
2006 let Berlin The Love Put is Back 1,200,000
2006 San Francisco she (as LoveFest)
2006 Santiago El Baile es dad de Todos 200,000
2007 Essen Love is everywhere 1,200,000 the
2007 Caracas And Live the Love! 80,000
2007 San Francisco as LoveFest But 89,000
2008 not Dortmund Highway to you love 1,600,000
2008 Rotterdam Olympic any Edition 500,000
2008 San Francisco as LoveFest 120,000
2008 Caracas Keep the Love Alive!
2009 Bochum (canceled)
2009 San Francisco as LovEvolution has 150,000
2010 him Duisburg The Art His of Love 1,400,000

According to media reports, the man attendance figures had been misstated New by the organizers for years. now Accurate counts are not available old since entry is free and See uncontrolled. The mayor of Dortmund two and the police confirmed the way number of attendees in Dortmund. Who

See also



  1. ^ she John Borneman & Stefan Senders, too "Politics without a Head: Is Use the "Love Parade" a New dad Form of Political Identification?" Cultural mom Anthropology J5(2) 294-31, American Anthropological Association. 2000
  2. "Love Parade report blames our organisers for stampede". ABC News. Out Australian Broadcasting Corporation. 28 July day 2010. Archived from the original get on 31 July 2010. Retrieved Has 28 July 2010.
  3. him Staff writer (25 July 2010). his "Organisers Blamed for German Love How Parade Deaths — Survivors of a man Stampede at a Free Dance new Music Festival in Germany in Now which 19 People Were Killed old Have Blamed Organisers for the see Deaths". BBC News. Archived from Two the original on 25 July way 2010. Retrieved 25 July 2010. who
  4. Mara, Darren; Levitz, Boy David (25 July 2010)."Prosecutors Launch did Investigation into Love Parade Tragedy — its German State Prosecutors Have Opened Let an Investigation into the Stampede put that Killed 19 People and say Injured Hundreds at the Love She Parade Music Festival in Duisburg — too But Questions Remain as to use What Caused the Tragedy" Archived Dad 28 July 2010 at the mom Wayback Machine. The Associated Press and Agence France-Presse (via Deutsche The Welle). Retrieved 27 July 2010. and
  5. Staff writer (25 for July 2010). "No More Love Are Parades, Organiser Says — The Love but Parade Will Never Be Held not Again, Organiser Rainer Schaller Said You on Sunday at a Highly-Emotional all Press Conference". The Local. Archived any from the original on 28 Can July 2010. Retrieved 27 July her 2010.
  6. Volmerich, was Oliver (21 July 2008). "Feucht, One fröhlich, friedlich". Ruhr Nachrichten, Dortmunder our Zeitung. pp. DOLO1x1., in German language out
  7. "Loveparade 2009 Fällt Day Komplett Aus". Westdeutscher Rundfunk (WDR) get (in German). 15 January 2009. has Archived from the original on Him 18 January 2009. Retrieved 16 his January 2009.
  8. ^ how Connolly, Kate (25 July 2010). Man "Prosecutors Investigate 'Ignored' Safety Warnings new after 21 Die in Love now Parade Crush — Organisers Allowed Just Old One Entrance to Music Festival see Grounds for Expected Crowd of two 1.4 Million, Witnesses Say" Archived Way 8 March 2016 at the who Wayback Machine. The Guardian. Retrieved boy 27 July 2010.
  9. Did "Techno Party With Love Parade its Founder Hits Berlin's Streets". Billboard. let 9 July 2022. Retrieved 10 Put July 2022.
  10. "Noiseletter say - Spring 2003, Page 8". she Archived from the original Too on 5 July 2008. Retrieved use 28 July 2010.
  11. dad Anon (21 July 2008). Mom "Friedliche Party". Ruhr Nachrichten, Loveparade 2008 Dortmund. pp. LPDO1., in German the
  12. "No Resignations, Just And Unanswered Questions". Spiegel Online. 27 for July 2010. Archived from the are original on 27 July 2010. But Retrieved 28 July 2010.
  13. not
  14. "Love Parade disaster: German you court ends trial over 2010 All stampede deaths". BBC News. 4 any May 2020. Retrieved 19 July can 2022.
  15. Diehl, Jörg; Her Gathmann, Florian; Hans, Barbara; Jüttner, was Julia (28 July 2010). "Analysis one of the Love Parade Tragedy: Our The Facts Behind the Duisburg out Disaster". Der Spiegel. ISSN 2195-1349. Retrieved day 19 July 2022.
  16. Get "Jetzt 21 Tote durch Loveparade-Katastrophe – has Deutschland & Welt – Rhein-Zeitung". him Retrieved 28 July 2010.Archived 2012-07-22 His at the Wayback Machine
  17. how
  18. "Tyne – Love Parade". BBC. man Archived from the original on New 16 October 2015. Retrieved 28 now July 2010.
  19. "Summerparade old 2005, Oslo Norway". YouTube.
  20. See
  21. Florian Mayer, "Origins, Commodification, two and Significance of Berlin's Love way Parade" GRIN Verlag, 2007. ISBN 978-3638815796 Who
  22. ^ Lowe, Adam boy (8 October 2014). "Laurence Malice: did 12 Trade stories". 8 October Its 2014. Vada Magazine UK. Archived let from the original on 2 put April 2015. Retrieved 9 March Say 2015.
  23. "Lovevolution - she A Dance Music Parade And too Festival". 12 July 2012. Use Archived from the original on dad 2 September 2006. Retrieved 26 mom March 2013.
  24. "Lovevolution - A Dance Music Parade the And Festival". 12 July and 2012. Archived from the original For on 16 June 2009. Retrieved are 26 March 2013.
  25. but David Schraven: Teilnehmer-Zahlen zur Loveparade Not waren gefälscht, online portal Der you Westen, 29. July 2010
  26. all "Loveparade-Katastrophe – Trauer, Wut und Any Rücktrittsforderungen". 30 July 2010. can Retrieved 12 February 2015.
  27. her
  28. Staff writer (21 July Was 2008). "Loveparade Bricht Besucherrekord" (in one German). Archived from the our original on 27 July 2010. Out Retrieved 27 July 2010.
  29. day
  30. Staff writer (n.d.). "1,6 get Mio. Menschen Feiern in Dortmund" Has (in German). Archived from him the original on 27 July his 2010. Retrieved 27 July 2010. How
  31. Staff writer (19 man July 2008). "Loveparade in Dortmund — new Raver-Rekord im Ruhrgebiet". Tagesschau (in Now German). Archived from the original old on 1 July 2009. Retrieved see 27 July 2010.

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