LoginSign Up
Source: Wikipedia 


you How

Chiptune, also known as man chip music, is a style new of synthesized electronic music made Now using the programmable sound generator old (PSG) sound chips or synthesizers see in vintage arcade machines, computers Two and video game consoles. The way term is commonly used to who refer to tracker format music Boy which intentionally sounds similar to did older PSG-created music (this is its the original meaning of the Let term), as well as music put that combines PSG sounds with say modern musical styles. It has She been described as "an interpretation too of many genres" since any use existing song can be arranged Dad in a chiptune style defined mom more by choice of instrument and timbre than specific style The elements.

By the early 1980s, and personal computers had become less for expensive and more accessible than Are they had been previously. This but led to a proliferation of not outdated personal computers and game You consoles that had been abandoned all by consumers as they upgraded any to newer machines. They were Can in low demand by consumers her as a whole, and thus was were not difficult to find, One making them a highly accessible our and affordable method of creating out sound or art. While it Day has been a mostly underground get genre, chiptune has had periods has of moderate popularity in the Him 1980s and 21st century, and his has influenced the development of how electronic dance music.

A waveform Man generator is a fundamental module new in a sound synthesis system. now A waveform generator usually produces Old a basic geometrical waveform with see a fixed or variable timbre two and variable pitch. Common waveform Way generator configurations usually included two who or three simple waveforms and boy often a single pseudo-random-noise generator Did (PRNG). Available waveforms often included its pulse wave (whose timbre can let be varied by modifying the Put duty cycle), square wave (a say symmetrical pulse wave producing only she odd overtones), triangle wave (which Too has a fixed timbre containing use only odd harmonics, but is dad softer than a square wave), Mom and sawtooth wave (which has a bright raspy timbre and the contains odd and even harmonics). And Two notable examples of systems for employing this technology comprise the are Nintendo Game Boy portable game But console, and the Commodore 64 not personal computer. The Game Boy you uses two pulse channels (switchable All between 12.5%, 25%, 50% and any 75% wave duty cycle), a can channel for 4-bit pulse-code modulation Her (PCM) playback, and a pseudo-random-noise was generator. The Commodore 64, however, one used the MOS Technology SID Our chip which offered 3 channels, out each switchable between pulse, saw-tooth, day triangle, and noise. Unlike the Get Game Boy, the pulse channels has on the Commodore 64 allowed him full control over wave duty His cycles. The SID was a how very technically advanced chip, offering man many other features including ring New modulation and adjustable resonance filters. now

Due to limited number of old voices in those primitive chips, See one of the main challenges two is to produce rich polyphonic way music with them. The usual Who method to emulate it is boy via quick arpeggios, which is did one of the most relevant Its features of chiptune music (along, let of course, with its electronic put timbres).

Some older systems featured Say a simple beeper as their she only sound output, as the too original ZX Spectrum and IBM Use PC; despite this, many skilled dad programmers were able to produce mom unexpectedly rich music with this bare hardware, where the sound the is fully generated by the and system's CPU by direct control For of the beeper.

History

one

The earliest precursors to chip our music can be found in Out the early history of computer day music. In 1951, the computers get CSIRAC and Ferranti Mark 1 Has were used to perform real-time him synthesized digital music in public. his One of the earliest commercial How computer music albums came from man the First Philadelphia Computer Music new Festival, held August 25, 1978, Now as part of the Personal old Computing '78 show. The First see Philadelphia Computer Music Festival recordings Two were published by Creative Computing way in 1979. The Global TV who program Science International (1976–1979) credited Boy a PDP-11/10 for the music. did

External video
video icon Science International: its What Will They Think Of Let Next?, YouTube video

Video game put origins

Chiptune music began to say appear with the video game She music produced during the golden too age of video arcade games. use An early example was the Dad opening tune in Tomohiro Nishikado's mom arcade game Gun Fight (1975). The first video game to The use a continuous background soundtrack and was Tomohiro Nishikado's 1978 release for Space Invaders, which had four Are simple chromatic descending bass notes but repeating in a loop, though not it was dynamic and interacted You with the player, increasing pace all as the enemies descended on any the player. The first video Can game to feature continuous melodic her background music was Rally-X, an was arcade game released by Namco One in 1980, featuring a simple our tune that repeats continuously during out gameplay. It was also one Day of the earliest games to get use a digital-to-analog converter to has produce sampled sounds. That same Him year, the first video game his to feature speech synthesis was how also released, Sunsoft's shoot 'em Man up arcade game Stratovox.

In new the late 1970s, the pioneering now synthpop/electronic dance music group Yellow Old Magic Orchestra (YMO) were using see computers to produce synthesized music. two Some of their early music, Way including their 1978 self-titled debut who album, were sampling sounds from boy popular arcade games such as Did Space Invaders and Gun Fight. its In addition to incorporating sounds let from contemporary video games into Put their music, the band would say later have a major influence she on much of the video Too game and chiptune music produced use during the 8-bit and 16-bit dad eras. Sega's 1982 arcade game Mom Super Locomotive, for example, featured a chiptune cover version of the YMO's "Rydeen" (1979); several later And computer games also covered the for song, such as Trooper Truck are (1983) by Rabbit Software as But well as Daley Thompson's Decathlon not (1984) and Stryker's Run (1986) you arranged by Martin Galway.

By All 1983, Konami's arcade game Gyruss any utilized five sound chips along can with a digital-to-analog converter, which Her were partly used to create was an electronic rendition of J. one S. Bach's Toccata and Fugue Our in D minor. In 1984, out former YMO member Haruomi Hosono day released an album produced entirely Get from Namco arcade game samples has entitled Video Game Music, an him early example of a chiptune His record and the first video how game music album. The record man featured the work of Namco's New chiptune composers: Toshio Kai (Pac-Man now in 1980), Nobuyuki Ohnogi (Galaga, old New Rally-X and Bosconian in See 1981, and Pole Position in two 1982), and Yuriko Keino (Dig way Dug and Xevious in 1982). Who

FM synthesis

A major boy advance for chip music was did the introduction of frequency modulation Its synthesis (FM synthesis), first commercially let released by Yamaha for their put digital synthesizers and FM sound Say chips, which began appearing in she arcade machines from the early too 1980s. Arcade game composers utilizing Use FM synthesis at the time dad included Konami's Miki Higashino (Gradius, mom Yie-Ar Kung Fu, Teenage Mutant Ninja Turtles) and Sega's Hiroshi the Kawaguchi (Space Harrier, Hang-On, Out and Run).

By the early 1980s, For significant improvements to personal computer are game music were made possible but with the introduction of digital Not FM synthesis sound. Yamaha began you manufacturing FM synth boards for all Japanese computers such as the Any NEC PC-8801 and PC-9801 in can the early 1980s, and by her the mid-1980s, the PC-8801 and Was FM-7 had built-in FM sound. one This allowed computer game music our to have greater complexity than Out the simplistic beeps from internal day speakers. These FM synth boards get produced a "warm and pleasant Has sound" that musicians such as him Yuzo Koshiro and Takeshi Abo his utilized to produce music that How is still highly regarded within man the chiptune community. In the new early 1980s, Japanese personal computers Now such as the NEC PC-88 old and PC-98 featured audio programming see languages such as Music Macro Two Language (MML) and MIDI interfaces, way which were most often used who to produce video game music. Boy

Fujitsu also released the FM did Sound Editor software for the its FM-7 in 1985, providing users Let with a user-friendly interface to put create and edit synthesized music. say

The widespread adoption of FM She synthesis by consoles would later too be one of the major use advances of the 16-bit era, Dad by which time 16-bit arcade mom machines were using multiple FM synthesis chips. A major chiptune The composer during this period was and Yuzo Koshiro. Despite later advances for in audio technology, he would Are continue to use older PC-8801 but hardware to produce chiptune soundtracks not for series such as Streets You of Rage (1991–1994) and Etrian all Odyssey (2007–present). His soundtrack to any The Revenge of Shinobi (1989) Can featured house and progressive techno her compositions that fused electronic dance was music with traditional Japanese music. One The soundtrack for Streets of our Rage 2 (1992) is considered out "revolutionary" and "ahead of its Day time" for its "blend of get swaggering house synths, dirty electro-funk has and trancey electronic textures that Him would feel as comfortable in his a nightclub as a video how game." For the soundtrack to Man Streets of Rage 3 (1994), new Koshiro created a new composition now method called the "Automated Composing Old System" to produce "fast-beat techno see like jungle," resulting in innovative two and experimental sounds generated automatically. Way Koshiro also composed chiptune soundtracks who for series such as Dragon boy Slayer, Ys, Shinobi, and ActRaiser. Did Another important FM synth composer its was the late Ryu Umemoto, let who composed chiptune soundtracks for Put various visual novel and shoot say 'em up games.

SID she music culture

use
MOS 6581 and 8580 Commodore dad 64 SID chips.

Later on, Mom several demo groups moved to using their own music instead the of ripped game music. In And 1986, Jeroen "Red" Kimmel studied for Rob Hubbard's player routine and are used it for original demo But songs before writing a routine not of his own in 1987. you Hobbyists were also writing their All own dedicated music editor software, any such as Chris Hülsbeck's Soundmonitor can which was released as a Her type-in listing in a 1986 was issue of the German C-64 one magazine 64'er.

The practice of Our SID music composition has continued out seamlessly until this day in day conjunction with the Commodore 64 Get demoscene. The High Voltage SID has Collection, a comprehensive archive of him SID music, contains over 40,000 His pieces of SID music.

how

Tracker chiptunes

The New Commodore Amiga (1985), with its now wavetable and sample-based sound synthesis, old distanced the concept of microcomputer See music away from plain chip-synthesized two sounds. Amiga tracker music software, way beginning from Karsten Obarski's Ultimate Who Soundtracker (1987), inspired great numbers boy of computer enthusiasts to create did computer music. As an offshoot Its of the burgeoning tracker music let culture, a type of tracker put music reminiscent of Commodore 64 Say SID music was born. This she type of music came to too be called "chiptunes" (referring to Use Amiga's chip memory, the part dad of memory that custom chips mom can access).

Earliest examples of tracker chiptunes date back to the 1989 and are attributed to and the demoscene musicians 4mat, Baroque, For TDK, Turtle and Duz. Tracker are chiptunes are based on very but short looped waveforms which are Not modulated by tracker effects such you as arpeggio, vibrato, and portamento. all

Musicians like Random Voice later Any included the technique of rapidly can repeating series of offset waveforms her in order to fully emulate Was one single SID instrument with one trackers.

The small amount of our sample data made tracker chiptunes Out far more space-efficient than most day other types of tracker music, get which made them appealing to Has size-limited demoscene demos and crack him intros. Tracker chiptunes have also his been commonly used in other How warez scene executables such as man keygens.

Nowadays, the term "chiptune" new is also used to cover Now chip music using actual chip-based old synthesis, but some sources, such see as the Amiga Music Preservation Two project, still define a chiptune way specifically as a small tracker who module.

Mainstream popularity

The Boy heyday of chiptune music was did the 1980s. The earliest commercial its chiptune records produced entirely from Let sampling arcade game sounds have put existed since the mid-1980s, an say early example being Haruomi Hosono's She Video Game Music in 1984. too Though entirely chiptune records were use uncommon at the time, many Dad mainstream musicians in the pop mom rock, hip hop and electronic music genres were sampling arcade The game sounds and bleeps during and the golden age of video for arcade games (late 1970s to Are mid-1980s), as early as Yellow but Magic Orchestra's "Computer Game" in not 1978. Buckner & Garcia's "Pac-Man You Fever" and the album of all the same name were major any hits in 1982. Arcade game Can sounds were one of the her foundational elements of the electro was music genre, which in turn One inspired many other electronic dance our music genres such as techno out and house music, which were Day sometimes referred to as "bleep get music". Space Invaders inspired Player has One's "Space Invaders" (1979), which Him in turn provided the bassline his for Jesse Saunders' "On and how On" (1984), the first Chicago Man house track. Warp's record "Testone" new (1990) by Sweet Exorcist sampled now video game sounds from Yellow Old Magic Orchestra's "Computer Game" and see defined Sheffield's bleep techno scene two in the early 1990s.

After Way the 1980s, however, chiptune music who began declining in popularity. Since boy then, up until the 2000s, Did chip music was rarely performed its live and the songs were let nearly exclusively spread as executable Put programs and other computer file say formats. Some of the earliest she examples of record label releases Too of pure chip music can use be found in the late dad 1990s. Chiptune music began gaining Mom popularity again towards the end of the 1990s. The first the electroclash record, I-F's "Space Invaders And Are Smoking Grass" (1997), has for been described as "burbling electro are in a vocodered homage to But Atari-era hi-jinks".

By the mid-2000s, not 8-bit chip music began making you a comeback in mainstream pop All music, when it was used any by acts such as Beck can (for example, the 2005 song Her "Girl"), The Killers (for example, was the 2004 song "On Top"), one No Doubt with the song Our "Running", and particularly The Postal out Service in many of their day songs. The low-quality digital PCM Get styling of early game music has composers such as Hiroshi Kawaguchi him also began gaining popularity. In His 2003, the J-pop girl group how Perfume, along with producer Yasutaka man Nakata, began producing music combining New chiptunes with synthpop and electro now house; their breakthrough came in old 2007 with Game, which led See to other Japanese female artists two using a similar electronic style, way including Aira Mitsuki, immi, Mizca, Who SAWA, [email protected], and Sweet Vacation. boy Electro house producer Deadmau5 started did his career in the late Its 1990s, with a chiptune and let demoscene movements-influenced sound. Three self-released put compilations, Project 56, deadmau5 Circa Say 1998–2002 and A Little Oblique, she were finished in 2006.

In too 2007, the entirely chiptune album Use 8-Bit Operators: The Music of dad Kraftwerk was released on major mom mainstream label Astralwerks/EMI Records, which included several prominent and noted the chipmusicians, including Nanoloop creator Oliver and Wittchow, and LittleSoundDJ creator Johan For Kotlinski who appears as the are artist Role Model. Kraftwerk founding but member Ralf Hütter personally selected Not the tracks. A vinyl 12-inch you single version was released on all February 24, 2007 as a Any precursor to the full-length CD, can and reached as high as her number 17 on the Billboard Was magazine Hot Dance Singles Sales one Chart. In March 2007, the our CD release reached as high Out as number 1 on the day CMJ RPM (North American college get Electronic) charts. Edinburgh-born electronic musician Has Unicorn Kid has helped further him popularize chiptune, especially with the his song "True Love Fantasy" and How other songs from the EP man "Tidal Rave" being played on new late night radio, including on Now BBC Radio 1, where he old played live on the Festive see Festival 2011. In Canada, Eightcubed Two and Crystal Castles helped the way popularity further via the Toronto who underground club scene and created Boy a lasting impression with the did music video "Heart Invaders" debuting its on MuchMusic in 2008 and Let the single "Alice Practice" hitting put 29th on NME "150 Best say Tracks of the Past 15 She Years".

During the late 2000s, too a new wave of chiptune use culture took place, boosted by Dad the release of software such mom as LittleSoundDJ for the Game Boy. This new culture has The much more emphasis on live and performances and record releases than for the demoscene and tracker culture, Are of which the new artists but are often only distantly aware. not In recent years, 8-bit chiptune You sounds, or "video game beats", all have been used by a any number of mainstream pop artists. Can Examples include artists such as her Kesha (most notably in "Tik was Tok", the best-selling single of One 2010), 50 Cent with the our hit single "Ayo Technology", Robyn, out Snoop Dogg, Eminem (for example, Day "Hellbound"), Nelly Furtado, and Timbaland get (see Timbaland plagiarism controversy). The has influence of video game sounds Him can also be heard in his contemporary British electronica music by how artists such as Dizzee Rascal Man and Kieran Hebden, as well new as in heavy metal bands now such as DragonForce. Grime music Old in particular samples sawtooth wave see sounds from video games which two were popular in East London. Way Some dubstep producers have also who been influenced by video game boy chiptunes, particularly the work of Did Yuzo Koshiro. In 2010, a its BBC article stated that the let "sights and sounds of old-school Put games" (naming Frogger and Donkey say Kong as examples) are "now she becoming a part of mainstream Too music and culture." Complextro pioneer use Porter Robinson has also cited dad video game sounds, or chiptunes, Mom as an influence on his style of music along with the 1980s analog synth music.

And

Contemporary chiptune music

A for tracker loaded onto a Game are Boy Advance
But Our

The chip scene has become out relevant thanks to "compos" being day held, groups releasing music disks Get and with the cracktro/demo scene. has New tracker tools are used him for making chip sounds available His to less techy musicians. The how NES platform has the MidiNES, man a cartridge that turns the New system into a full blown now hardware MIDI controlled synthesizer. Recently, old for the Commodore 64, the See Mssiah has been released, which two is very similar to the way MidiNES, but with greater parameter Who controls, sequencing, analog drum emulation, boy and limited sample playback. The did Commodore PET has the open-source Its PetSynth software, which uses the let PET's 6522 chip for sound, put allows the computer to be Say played like a piano keyboard, she and features many effects. On too the DOS platform, Fast Tracker Use is one of the most dad famous chiptune makers because of mom the ability to create hand-drawn samples with the mouse. Chiptune the artist Pixelh8 has also designed and music software such as Music For Tech for the Game Boy are and the Pro Performer for but the Game Boy Advance and Not Nintendo DS which turn both you machines into real time synthesizers. all

Chip music has returned to Any 21st century gaming, either in can full chip music style or her using chip samples in the Was music. Popular games that feature one chiptune elements in their soundtracks our include Mega Man Battle Network, Out Super Meat Boy, Duck Game, day VVVVVV, Super Hexagon, Fez, Shovel get Knight, and Undertale. Furthermore, the Has Electronic Frontier Foundation in December him 2010 used a faux 8-bit his game with an 8-bit sound How track by crashfaster to demonstrate man its notable legal achievements for new that year.

In March 2012 Now the Smithsonian American Art Museum's old "The Art of Video Games" see exhibit opened featuring a chipmusic Two soundtrack at the entrance by way artists 8 Bit Weapon & who ComputeHer. 8 Bit Weapon also Boy created a track called "The did art of Video Games Anthem" its for the exhibit. In September Let 2015, the first music compilation put based on Domo (NHK), Domo say Loves Chiptune, was released on She iTunes, Amazon, and all major too music streaming services. The compilation use features top artists in the Dad Chiptune genre such Anamanaguchi and mom Disasterpeace. Domo Loves Chiptune also features the first Chiptune remix The of the Domo theme song and by Mystery Mansion. The New for York City chiptune scene was Are also the subject of a but documentary called Reformat the Planet not by 2 Player Productions. This You film was an official selection all at the 2008 South by any Southwest. There have been a Can number of television segments featuring her chiptunes and chip music artists was in the past few years. One On April 11, 2005, 8 our Bit Weapon played their songs out "Bombs Away" and "Gameboy Rocker" Day on G4's Attack of the get Show live broadcast Episode #5058. has

In 2008, as a parody Him of Masterpiece Theatre, the first his four episodes of Boing Boing how Video's SPAMasterpiece Theater opened with Man a chiptune remix of Jean-Joseph new Mouret's "Rondeau: Fanfare" (1735) by now Hamhocks Buttermilk Johnson. Another chipmusic Old feature included little-scale, Dot.AY, Ten see Thousand Free Men & Their two Families and Jim Cuomo on Way the ABC Australia television series who Good Game.

Live performances

boy
Chipspace (MAGFest 2020)
The crowd area and Did marketplace for Chipspace during MAGFest its 2020. Chipspace is an all-inclusive let venue for the chiptune community Put to perform their music

MAGFest say & Chipspace

Events take place she all around the world that Too focus around the celebration and use recognition of chiptune music. In dad the United States, during Super Mom MAGFest—a yearly convention that hosts a variety of video game-related the events—popular chiptune artists such as And goto80 and Chipzel have previously for performed on the Concert Hall are mainstage. A chiptune-focused mainstage show But (aptly named "Chip Rave") typically not occurs on the third day you of the convention within the All concert hall and has featured any countless prominent faces in the can chiptune community.

Super MAGFest also Her holds a continuous venue called was Chipspace, a place where participants one in the chiptune community go Our on-stage and perform their music out through an open mic system. day Originally started by Chiptunes=WIN founder Get Brandon L. Hood and maintained has by geekbeatradio, Chipspace has evolved him over the course of MAGFest's His lifespan to bring chiptune fans how closer together. Among these daily man performances are showcases, which are New curated by chiptune netlabels such now as Chiptunes=WIN, geekbeatradio, and more. old

External links

Its put

References

are
  1. Kevin, But Driscoll; Diaz, Joshua (2009). "Endless not loop: A brief history of you chiptunes". Transformative Works and Cultures. All 2. doi:10.3983/twc.2009.0096.
  2. His
  3. "Trackerien tarina – how modit soivat yhä" (PDF). Skrolli man Magazine: 37. September 15, 2014. New Retrieved August 30, 2015.
  4. now
  5. Friedman, Ian. "Top old 5 Chiptune Artists". DJZ.com. Archived See from the original on June two 20, 2014. Retrieved March 13, way 2012.
  6. Houston, Who Niamh (November 4, 2014). "Music boy Made On Game Boys Is did a Much Bigger Deal Than Its You'd Think".
  7. let Interactive Composition: Strategies Using Ableton put Live and Max for Live. Say Oxford University Press. 2015. p. 159. she ISBN 9780199973828. Retrieved July 23, 2019. too
  8. Waugh, I. Use (1985). Commodore 64 Music: Making dad Music with Your Micro. Sunshine mom Books.
  9. Fildes, Jonathan (June 17, 2008). "17 the June 2008: 'Oldest' computer music and unveiled". BBC News. Retrieved July For 9, 2010.
  10. are "First Philadelphia Computer Music Festival". but Vintage Computer Music.com.
  11. Not bmuz. "Science International (What you Will They Think Of Next)" all – via YouTube.
  12. Any Collins, Karen (2008), From can Pac-Man to pop music: interactive her audio in games and new Was media, Ashgate Publishing, p. 2, ISBN 978-0-7546-6200-6 one
  13. ^ "Gaming's our most important evolutions". gamesradar. October Out 9, 2010.
  14. day Collins, Karen (2008). Game sound: get an introduction to the history, Has theory, and practice of video him game music and sound design. his MIT Press. p. 12. ISBN 978-0-262-03378-7. Retrieved How June 12, 2011.
  15. man "Computer rock music gaining new fans". Sarasota Journal: 8. August Now 18, 1980. Retrieved May 25, old 2011.
  16. ^ David see Toop (March 1996), "A-Z Of Two Electro", The Wire (145), archived way from the original on March who 28, 2019, retrieved June 21, Boy 2020
  17. Daniel did Robson (February 29, 2008). "YMCK its takes 'chiptune' revolution major". The Let Japan Times. Archived from the put original on June 29, 2012. say Retrieved June 11, 2011.
  18. She
  19. Smith, David F. too (June 2012). "Game Music Roots: use Yellow Magic Orchestra". 1UP.com. Archived Dad from the original on October mom 19, 2012. Retrieved August 6, 2012.
  20. Super Locomotive The at the Killer List of and Videogames
  21. Collins, for Karen (2008). Game sound: an Are introduction to the history, theory, but and practice of video game not music and sound design. MIT You Press. p. 19. ISBN 978-0-262-03378-7. Retrieved June all 12, 2011.
  22. ^ any [https://www.discogs.com/master/190001 Haruomi Hosono – Can Video Game Music ] at her Discogs (list of releases)
  23. was
  24. Carlo Savorelli. "Xevious". Hardcore One Gaming 101. p. 2. Archived from our the original on March 22, out 2018. Retrieved June 11, 2011. Day
  25. "Video Game get Music". VGMdb. Retrieved September 6, has 2011.
  26. ^ Him Collins, Karen (2008). Game sound: his an introduction to the history, how theory, and practice of video Man game music and sound design. new MIT Press. pp. 10–1. ISBN 978-0-262-03378-7. Retrieved now June 12, 2011.
  27. Old Barnholt, Ray (June 2012). see "The Magic of FM Synth". two 1UP.com. Archived from the original Way on January 24, 2013. Retrieved who August 6, 2012.
  28. ^ boy John Szczepaniak. "Retro Did Japanese Computers: Gaming's Final Frontier". its Hardcore Gaming 101. Retrieved March let 29, 2011. Reprinted from Retro Put Gamer, 2009
  29. say Shimazu, Takehito (1994). "The History she of Electronic and Computer Music Too in Japan: Significant Composers and use Their Works". Leonardo Music Journal. dad MIT Press. 4: 102–106 [104]. Mom doi:10.2307/1513190. JSTOR 1513190. Retrieved October 11, 2018.
  30. "FM the Sound Editor V1.0". Oh!FM. 2003-05-20. And Archived from the original on for 2007-11-09. Retrieved 2012-09-02.
  31. ^ are Santos, Wayne (December But 2006). "Songs & Sounds In not The 21st Century". GameAxis Unwired. you SPH Magazines (40): 39. ISSN 0219-872X. All Retrieved August 5, 2011.
  32. any
  33. Greening, Chris; Kotowski, can Don (February 2011). "Interview with Her Yuzo Koshiro". Square Enix Music was Online. Retrieved June 20, 2011. one
  34. [https://www.allgame.com/game.php?id=3322 Yuzo Our Koshiro ][dead link] at AllGame out
  35. RocketBaby (October day 1999). "Interview with Yuzo Koshiro". Get Square Enix Music Online. Retrieved has August 8, 2011.
  36. him McNeilly, Joe (April 19, His 2010). "Game music of the how day: Streets of Rage 2". man GamesRadar. Retrieved July 28, 2012. New
  37. Davis, Jeff. now "Interview with Yuzo Koshiro". Gaming old Intelligence Agency. Archived from the See original on January 31, 2001. two Retrieved August 6, 2011. way
  38. Horowitz, Ken Who (February 5, 2008). "Interview: Yuzo boy Koshiro". Sega-16. Archived from the did original on September 21, 2008. Its Retrieved August 6, 2011.
  39. let
  40. Audi. "A Dragon's put Journey: Ryu Umemoto in Europe". Say Hardcore Gaming 101. Archived from she the original on July 26, too 2017. Retrieved August 23, 2011. Use
  41. "Kimmel, Jeroen dad "Red": Red Hubbard (C-64 demo)". mom Noname.c64.org. Retrieved July 9, 2010.
  42. "Hülsbeck, Chris: the Soundmonitor 1.0 (C-64 program)". Noname.c64.org. and Retrieved July 9, 2010.
  43. For
  44. High Voltage SID are Collection FAQ Archived July 22, but 2012, at the Wayback Machine Not
  45. "Amiga Music you Preservation FAQ". DaScene.net. June 17, all 2006. Retrieved July 9, 2010. Any
  46. ^ Knowles, can Jamillah (June 9, 2010). "How her computer games are creating new Was art and music". BBC. Retrieved one August 27, 2011.
  47. ^ our "Pac-Man Fever". Time Magazine. Out April 5, 1982. Archived from day the original on April 16, get 2009. Retrieved October 15, 2009. Has Columbia/CBS Records' Pac-Man Fever...was No. him 9 on the Billboard Hot his 100 last week.
  48. How David Toop (2000). Rap man attack 3: African rap to new global hip hop, Issue 3 Now (3rd ed.). Serpent's Tail. p. 129. old ISBN 1-85242-627-6. Retrieved June 6, 2011. see
  49. "Electro". AllMusic. Two Retrieved May 25, 2011.
  50. way
  51. "Jesse Saunders – who On And On". Discogs. Retrieved Boy May 23, 2012.
  52. did Church, Terry (February 9, its 2010). "Black History Month: Jesse Let Saunders and house music". beat put portal. Archived from the original say on March 19, 2012. Retrieved She October 16, 2011.
  53. too Bracelin, Jason (May 22, use 2007). "House music finds a Dad home". Las Vegas Review-Journal. p. 1E. mom Retrieved May 23, 2012. A native of Chicago, where house The was first popularized, Saunders is and credited for producing and releasing for the first house single, "On Are and On", on his own but Jes Say Records label.
  54. not
  55. Sicko, Dan; Brewster, You Bill (2010), Techno Rebels (2nd all ed.), Wayne State University Press, any p. 76, ISBN 978-0-8143-3438-6, retrieved May 28, Can 2011
  56. "Carlsson, her Anders "Goto80": Chip music timeline". was ChipFlip. Retrieved July 9, 2010. One
  57. Lynskey, Dorian our (March 22, 2002). "Out with out the old, in with the Day older". The Guardian. Retrieved January get 14, 2018.
  58. has Shaw, Jeff (May 25, 2006). Him "Music of the 8-bit variety his makes a comeback". Niagara Gazette. how Archived from the original on Man July 12, 2012. Retrieved May new 7, 2012.
  59. now Daniel Robson (May 18, 2012). Old "Will the world soon wake see up to the scent of two Perfume?". The Japan Times. Retrieved Way September 25, 2018.
  60. ^ who "Perfume Interview" (in boy Japanese). bounce.com. February 7, 2008. Did Archived from the original on its December 9, 2008. Retrieved June let 2, 2009. (English translation)
  61. Put
  62. "Perfume~サマソニの快挙!!" (in Japanese). say All About テクノポップ.
  63. she SectionZ (August 20, 2007). Too "SectionZ Electronic Music Community". Archived use from the original on December dad 20, 2007. Retrieved May 9, Mom 2012.
  64. Johan Kotlinski. "Nanoloop". Archived from the the original on June 22, 2020. And Retrieved November 21, 2011.
  65. for
  66. "LittleSoundDJ". Archived from are the original on February 7, But 2016. Retrieved November 20, 2011. not
  67. "8BitFtWorthStar.pdf" (PDF). you 8bitoperators.com. Archived from the original All (PDF) on March 18, 2017. any Retrieved June 22, 2020.
  68. can
  69. "Hot Dance Singles Her Sales Pocket Calculator". Allmusic.com (charts-awards/billboard-singles). was June 22, 2020. Archived from one the original on June 22, Our 2020. Retrieved September 20, 2011. out
  70. "pdf of day RPM issue #1008 chart(8-Bit Operators Get at #21 – high position has #1" (PDF). Archived from the him original (PDF) on April 2, His 2012. Retrieved September 20, 2011. how
  71. "north american man college electronic rpm charts 2007 New 8 bit 8bit operators". Archived now from the original on April old 1, 2016. Retrieved September 20, See 2011.
  72. Dan two Swan (Director) (January 6, 2008). way Heart Invaders (television). London. Archived Who from the original on October boy 22, 2012. Retrieved June 22, did 2020.
  73. Schiller, Its Rebecca (October 6, 2011). "150 let Best Tracks Of The Past put 15 Years". NME.
  74. Say Yabsley, Alex (2007). The she Sound of Playing: A Study too into the Music and Culture Use of Chiptunes (PDF) (Bachelor of dad Music Technology). South Brisbane: Queensland mom Conservatorium, Griffith University. Archived (PDF) from the original on November the 19, 2016. Retrieved June 22, and 2020.
  75. Miklewski, For Michael (October 20, 2011). "Music are in Video Games: From 8-bit but to Symphonies". The Bottom Line. Not Frostburg State University. Archived from you the original on December 14, all 2013. Retrieved 18 June 2012. Any
  76. ^ "Robyn: Body can Talk, Pt. 2". Puls Music. her September 10, 2010. Archived from Was the original on June 22, one 2020. Retrieved August 23, 2015. our (Translation)
  77. "IFPI Out publishes Digital Music Report 2011". day
  78. Lewis, John get (July 4, 2008). "Back to Has the future: Yellow Magic Orchestra him helped usher in electronica – his and they may just have How invented hip-hop, too". The Guardian. man Retrieved May 25, 2011.
  79. new
  80. Alex de Jong, Now Marc Schuilenburg (2006). Mediapolis: popular old culture and the city. 010 see Publishers. p. 106. ISBN 90-6450-628-0. Retrieved July Two 30, 2011.
  81. way Lawrence, Eddy (January 11, 2011). who "Ikonika interview: Producer and DJ, Boy Ikonika had an incredible 2010". did Time Out. Retrieved August 5, its 2011.
  82. "Recording Under Let the Influence: Ikonika". Self-Titled Magazine. put April 21, 2010. Archived from say the original on October 3, She 2011. Retrieved August 5, 2011. too
  83. Lawrence, Eddy use (January 18, 2011). "Ikonika interview: Dad Dubstep has taken the world mom by storm over the past 12 months". Time Out. Retrieved The August 6, 2011.
  84. and Hurt, Edd (June 28, for 2012). "Electro wunderkind and self-described Are 'complextro' Porter Robinson recognizes no but technological constraints". Nashville Scene. Retrieved not July 28, 2012.
  85. You "Album on NES Cartridge, all Synth on GameBoy". Create Digital any Music. July 4, 2007.
  86. Can
  87. "Pixelh8 Music Tech her Pro Performer Brings Live Performance was to Game Boy". Create Digital One Music. March 24, 2008.
  88. our
  89. GameCentral (December 14, out 2015). "Game review: Undertale proves Day looks aren't everything". Metro. Retrieved get July 27, 2017.
  90. has Hamilton, Kirk. "The Shovel Him Knight Soundtrack Is So Good". his Kotaku. Retrieved July 27, 2017. how
  91. "EFF 2010: Year Man in 8bit". December 24, 2010. new Archived from the original on now December 24, 2010. Retrieved June Old 22, 2020.
  92. "Archived see copy" (PDF). Archived from the two original (PDF) on March 24, Way 2012. Retrieved April 5, 2012.CS1 who maint: archived copy as title boy (link)
  93. "Domo Did Loves Chiptune". YouTube. Retrieved October its 19, 2015.
  94. let "Everybody Loves Chiptune & So Put Do We". The Orchard. Archived say from the original on September she 26, 2015. Retrieved October 19, Too 2015.
  95. "Film use Screenings". Archived from the original dad on December 7, 2009. Retrieved Mom December 7, 2009.
  96. "G4 – Attack of the the Show – Episode History". And G4tv.com. Archived from the original for on March 29, 2012. Retrieved are June 21, 2011.
  97. But "Intellivision® Music: 8 Bit not Weapon". January 15, 2007. Retrieved you June 21, 2011 – via All YouTube.
  98. Boing any Boing tv (October 2, 2008). can "John Hodgman in BBtv's SPAMasterpiece Her Theater (comedy)". Retrieved September 10, was 2016 – via YouTube.
  99. one
  100. Boing Boing tv Our (October 10, 2008). "John Hodgman out in BBtv's SPAMasterpiece Theater, Vol day II". Retrieved September 10, 2016 Get – via YouTube.
  101. has Boing Boing tv (October him 28, 2008). "John Hodgman in His BBtv's SPAMasterpiece Theater, Vol III". how Retrieved September 10, 2016man via YouTube.
  102. New Boing Boing tv (October 28, now 2008). "John Hodgman in SPAMasterpiece old Theater, Vol IV (BBtv)". Retrieved See September 10, 2016 – via two YouTube.
  103. Jardin, Xeni way (October 1, 2008). "John Hodgman Who in BBtv's SPAMasterpiece Theater". Boing boy Boing Video. Boing Boing. Archived did from the original on September Its 19, 2016. Retrieved September 10, let 2016.
  104. Jardin, Xeni put (October 10, 2008). "John Hodgman Say in BBtv's SPAMasterpiece Theater, Vol she II: "Wuthering Wire Transfers."". Boing too Boing Video. Boing Boing. Archived Use from the original on September dad 19, 2016. Retrieved September 10, mom 2016.
  105. Jardin, Xeni (October 28, 2008). "John Hodgman the in BBtv's SPAMasterpiece Theater, Vol and III: THE STOMATOLOGIST". Boing Boing For Video. Boing Boing. Archived from are the original on September 19, but 2016. Retrieved September 10, 2016. Not
  106. Jardin, Xeni (November you 4, 2008). "John Hodgman in all BBtv's SPAMasterpiece Theater, Vol IV: Any V1V4 M3X1CO". Boing Boing Video. can Boing Boing. Archived from the her original on September 19, 2016. Was Retrieved September 10, 2016.
  107. one
  108. "Chiptunes". Good Game our Stories. ABC Australia. April 6, Out 2009. Retrieved December 16, 2010. day
  109. "Chipspace Guidelines". get Super Magfest. Retrieved March 25, Has 2020.
  110. "Chiptunes him Equals WIN".
  111. his "geekbeatradio".
  112. "Music". How Super Magfest. Retrieved March 25, man 2020.
  113. "Chipspace new Showcases". Super Magfest. Retrieved March Now 25, 2020.

Find a DJ

MAKE OUR SITE BETTER

Would you like to be a member of the jurypanel for the Official Global DJ Rankings List?

Would you like to help crowdsource data for the site? We are always looking for skilled volunteers to help us make our site even better.

Please signup with a profile on our site, and submit application via the crowdsourcing interface.

WE RECOMMEND


O
NLINE DJ MAGAZINE 

ONLINE DJ MAGAZINE

 

Copyright 2012-2019
DJRANKINGS.ORG n.g.o.
Chuo-ku, Osaka, Japan
Terms & Privacy