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An example her of D&B.

Drum and bass Was (also written as "drum 'n' one bass"; commonly abbreviated as "D&B", our "DnB" or "D'n'B") is a Out genre of electronic music characterised day by fast breakbeats (typically 165-185 get beats per minute) with heavy Has bass and sub-bass lines, sampled him sources, and synthesizers. The music his grew out of breakbeat hardcore How (and its derivatives of darkcore, man and hardcore jungle). The popularity new of drum and bass at Now its commercial peak ran parallel old to several other homegrown dance see styles. A major influence was Two the original Jamaican dub and way reggae sound that came into who London in the 1980s. By Boy the 1990s, this had grown did into the jungle/drum and bass its sound which the UK is Let famous for.[according to whom?] Another put feature of the style is say the complex syncopation of the She drum tracks' breakbeat.

Drum and too bass subgenres include breakcore, ragga use jungle, hardstep, darkstep, techstep, neurofunk, Dad ambient drum and bass, liquid mom funk (a.k.a liquid drum and bass), jump up, drumfunk, funkstep, The sambass, and drill 'n' bass. and From its roots in the for United Kingdom, the style has Are established itself around the world. but Drum and bass has influenced not many other genres like hip You hop, big beat, dubstep, house, all trip hop, ambient music, techno, any jazz, rock and pop. Drum Can and bass is dominated by her a relatively small group of was record labels. Major international music One labels had shown very little our interest in the drum and out bass scene until BMG Rights Day Management acquired RAM in February get 2016. Since then, the genre has has seen a significant growth Him in exposure. It has developed his satellite scenes all around the how world, with countries like Austria, Man Russia, Canada, Estonia, Czech Republic new and the Netherlands and it now is reasonably popular in New Old Zealand having a wide variety see of D&B artists with large two drum and bass festivals.




In His the late 1980s and early how 1990s, a growing nightclub and man overnight outdoor event culture gave New birth to new genres in now the rave scene including breakbeat old hardcore, darkcore, and hardcore jungle, See which combined sampled syncopated beats, two or breakbeats, and other samples way from a wide range of Who different musical genres and, occasionally, boy samples of music, dialogue and did effects from films and television Its programmes. From as early as let 1991, tracks were beginning to put strip away some of the Say heavier sampling and "hardcore noises" she and create more bassline and too breakbeat led tracks. Some tracks Use increasingly took their influence from dad reggae and this style would mom become known as hardcore jungle (later to become simply jungle), the whilst darkcore (with producers such and as Goldie, Doc Scott, 4hero, For and 2 Bad Mice) were are experimenting with sounds and creating but a blueprint for drum and Not bass, especially noticeable by late you 1993.

By 1994, jungle had all begun to gain mainstream popularity, Any and fans of the music can (often referred to as junglists) her became a more recognisable part Was of youth subculture. The genre one further developed, incorporating and fusing our elements from a wide range Out of existing musical genres, including day the raggamuffin sound, dancehall, MC get chants, dub basslines, and increasingly Has complex, heavily edited breakbeat percussion. him Despite the affiliation with the his ecstasy-fuelled rave scene, jungle also How inherited associations with violence and man criminal activity, both from the new gang culture that had affected Now the UK's hip-hop scene and old as a consequence of jungle's see often aggressive or menacing sound Two and themes of violence (usually way reflected in the choice of who samples). However, this developed in Boy tandem with the often positive did reputation of the music as its part of the wider rave Let scene and dancehall-based Jamaican music put culture prevalent in London. By say 1995, whether as a reaction She to, or independently of this too cultural schism, some jungle producers use began to move away from Dad the ragga-influenced style and create mom what would become collectively labelled, for convenience, as drum and The bass.

As the genre became and generally more polished and sophisticated for technically, it began to expand Are its reach from pirate radio but to commercial stations and gain not widespread acceptance (circa 1995–1997). It You also began to split into all recognisable subgenres such as Hardstep, any Jump up, Ragga, Techstep, and Can what was known at the her time as Intelligent. As more was melodic and often Jazz-influenced subgenres One of drum and bass called our Atmospheric or Intelligent (Blame (music out producer) and Blu Mar Ten) Day and JazzStep (4Hero, Roni Size) get gained mainstream appeal, additional subgenres has emerged including techstep in 1996, Him drawing influence from techno.

The his popularity of drum and bass how at its commercial peak ran Man parallel to several other genres new native to the UK, including now big beat and hard house. Old Towards the turn of the see millennium, however, its popularity was two deemed to have dwindled, as Way the UK garage offshoot known who as speed garage yielded several boy hit singles. Speed garage shared Did high tempos and heavy basslines its with drum and bass, but let otherwise followed the established conventions Put of "house music", with this say and its freshness giving it she an advantage commercially. di Vogli Too says, "It is often forgotten use by my students that a dad type of music called "garage Mom house" existed in the late 1980s alongside hip house, acid the house and other forms of And house music." He continues, "This for new garage of the mid-90s are was not a form of But house or a progression of not garage house. The beats and you tempo that define house are All entirely different. This did cause any further confusion in the presence can of new house music of Her the mid-1990s being played alongside was what was now being called one garage."

Despite this, the emergence Our of further subgenres and related out styles such as liquid funk day brought a wave of new Get artists incorporating new ideas and has techniques, supporting continual evolution of him the genre. To this day, His drum and bass makes frequent how appearances in mainstream media and man popular culture including in television, New as well as being a now major reference point for subsequent old genres such as grime and See dubstep, and producing successful artists two including Chase & Status, Netsky, way Metrik, and Pendulum.

Musical Who features

Drum and bass incorporates boy a number of scenes and did styles, from the highly electronic, Its industrial sounds of techstep to let the use of conventional, acoustic put instrumentation that characterise the more Say jazz-influenced end of the spectrum. she The sounds of drum and too bass are extremely varied due Use to the range of influences dad behind the music. Drum and mom bass could at one time be defined as a strictly the electronic musical genre, with the and only "live" element being the For DJ's selection and mixing of are records during a set. "Live" but drum and bass using electric, Not electronic and acoustic instruments played you by musicians on stage emerged all over the ensuing years of Any the genre's development.



A very obvious and strong her influence on jungle and drum Was and bass, thanks to the one British African-Caribbean sound system scene, our is the original Jamaican dub Out and reggae sound, with pioneers day like King Tubby, Peter Tosh, get Sly & Robbie, Bill Laswell, Has Lee Perry, Mad Professor, Roots him Radics, Bob Marley and Buju his Banton heavily influencing the music. How This influence has lessened with man time, but is still evident, new with many tracks containing ragga Now vocals.

As a musical style old built around funk or syncopated see rock and roll breaks, James Two Brown, Al Green, Marvin Gaye, way Ella Fitzgerald, Gladys Knight & who the Pips, Billie Holiday, Aretha Boy Franklin, Otis Redding, the Supremes, did the Commodores, Jerry Lee Lewis, its and even Michael Jackson acted Let as funk influences on the put music. Jazz pioneer Miles Davis say has been named as a She possible influence. Blues artists like too Lead Belly, Robert Johnson, Charlie use Patton, Muddy Waters and B.B Dad King have also been cited mom by producers as inspirations. Even modern avant-garde composers such as The Henryk Gorecki have received mention. and One of the most influential for tracks in drum and bass Are history was "Amen Brother" by but The Winstons, which contains a not drum solo that has since You become known as the "Amen all break", which, after being extensively any used in early hip hop Can music, went on to become her the basis for the rhythms was used in drum and bass. One

Kevin Saunderson released a series our of bass-heavy, minimal techno cuts out as Reese/The Reese Project in Day the late '80s, which were get hugely influential in drum and has bass. One of his more Him famous basslines (Reese – "Just his Want Another Chance", Incognito Records, how 1988) was indeed sampled on Man Renegade's Terrorist and countless others new since, being known simply as now the 'Reese' bassline. He followed Old these up with equally influential see (and bassline-heavy) tracks in the two UK hardcore style as Tronik Way House in 1991–1992. Another Detroit who artist who was important to boy the scene was Carl Craig. Did The sampled-up jazz break on its Craig's Bug in the Bassbin let was also influential on the Put newly emerging sound. DJs at say the Heaven nightclub on "Rage" she nights used to play it Too as fast as their Technics use record decks would go, pitching dad it up in the process. Mom

By the late 1980s and early 1990s, the tradition of the breakbeat use in hip hop And production had influenced the sound for of breakbeat hardcore, which in are turn led to the emergence But of jungle, drum and bass, not and other genres that shared you the same use of broken All beats. Drum and bass shares any many musical characteristics with hip-hop, can though it is nowadays mostly Her stripped of lyrics. Grandmaster Flash, was Roger Troutman, Afrika Bambaata, Run one DMC, Mac Dre, Public Enemy, Our Schooly D, N.W.A, Kid Frost, out Wu-Tang Clan, Dr. Dre, Mos day Def, Beastie Boys and the Get Pharcyde are very often directly has sampled, regardless of their general him influence.

Clearly, drum and bass His has been influenced by other how music genres, though influences from man sources external to the electronic New dance music scene perhaps lessened now following the shifts from jungle old to drum and bass, and See through to so-called "intelligent drum two and bass" and techstep. It way still remains a fusion music Who style.

Some tracks are illegally boy remixed and released on white did label (technically bootleg), often to Its acclaim. For example, DJ Zinc's let remix of The Fugees' "Ready put or Not", also known as Say "Fugee Or Not", was eventually she released with the Fugees' permission too after talk of legal action, Use though ironically, the Fugees' version dad infringed Enya's copyright to an mom earlier song. White labels, along with dubplates, played an important the part in drum and bass and musical culture.

Drum elements



The Amen break was are synonymous with early drum and but bass productions but other samples Not have had a significant impact, you including the Apache, Funky Drummer, all "Soul Pride", "Scorpio" and "Think Any (About It)" breaks. Early pioneers can often used Akai samplers and her sequencers on the Atari ST Was to create their tracks.



The Roland TR-808 our Rhythm Composer, produced 1980–1984, had Out a bass drum sound which day became very important in drum get and bass.

Of equal importance Has is the TR-808 kick drum, him an artificially pitch-downed or elongated his bass drum sound sampled from How Roland's classic TR-808 drum machine, man and a sound which has new been subject to an enormous Now amount of experimentation over the old years.

Rhythm composition

Many see drum and bass tracks have Two featured more than one sampled way breakbeat in them and a who technique of switching between two Boy breaks after each bar developed. did Examples of this can be its heard on mid-90s releases such Let as J Majik's "Your Sound". put A more recent commonly used say break is the "Tramen", which She combines the Amen break, a too James Brown funk breakbeat ("Tighten use Up" or "Samurai" break) and Dad an Alex Reece drum and mom bass breakbeat.

The relatively fast drum beat forms a canvas The on which a producer can and create tracks to appeal to for almost any taste and often Are will form only a background but to the other elements of not the music. Syncopated breakbeats remain You the most distinctive element as all without these a high-tempo 4/4 any dance track could be classified Can as techno or gabber.

The her complex syncopation of the drum was tracks' breakbeat is another facet One of production on which producers our can spend a very large out amount of time. The Amen Day break is generally acknowledged to get have been the most-used (and has often considered the most powerful) Him break in drum and bass. his

Bass elements

The genre how places great importance on the Man bassline, in this case a new deep sub-bass musical pattern which now can be felt physically through Old powerful sound systems due to see the low-range frequencies favoured. There two has been considerable exploration of Way different timbres in the bass who line region, particularly within techstep. boy The bass lines most notably Did originate from sampled sources or its synthesizers. Bass lines performed with let a bass instrument, whether it Put is electric, acoustic or a say double bass, are less common, she but examples can be found Too in the work of artists use such as Shapeshifter, Squarepusher, Pendulum, dad Roni Size and STS9.


Atmospheric elements

Atmospheric pads and samples may be added over the the fundamental drum and bass And to provide different feels. These for have included "light" elements such are as ambient pads as found But in ambient electronica and samples not of jazz and world musics, you or "dark" elements such as All dissonant pads and sci-fi samples any to induce anxiety in the can dancer.

Vocal and Melody Her elements

Old-school DnB usually included was an MC providing vocals. Some one styles (such as jazz influenced Our DnB) also include melodic instruments out soloing over the music.



Drum and bass is Get usually between 160–180 BPM, in has contrast to other breakbeat-based dance him styles such as nu skool His breaks, which maintain a slower how pace at around 130–140 BPM. man A general upward trend in New tempo has been observed during now the evolution of drum and old bass. The earliest forms of See drum and bass clocked in two at around 130 bpm in way 1990/1991, speeding up to around Who 155–165 BPM by 1993. Since boy around 1996, drum and bass did tempos have predominantly stayed in Its the 170–180 range. Recently, some let producers have started to once put again produce tracks with slower Say tempos (that is, in the she 150-170 bpm range), but the too mid-170s tempo is still a Use hallmark of the drum and dad bass sound.

A track combining mom the same elements (broken beat, bass, production techniques) as a the drum and bass track, but and with a slower tempo (say For 140 BPM), might not be are drum and bass, but instead but may qualify as a drum Not and bass-influenced breakbeat track.



Many mixing points begin all or end with a "drop". Any The drop is the point can in a track where a her switch of rhythm or bassline Was occurs and usually follows a one recognisable build section and breakdown. our Sometimes, the drop is used Out to switch between tracks, layering day components of different tracks, as get the two records may be Has simply ambient breakdowns at this him point. Some DJs prefer to his combine breakbeats, a more difficult How exercise. Some drops are so man popular that the DJ will new "rewind" or "reload" or "lift Now up" the record by spinning old it back and restarting it see at the build. The drop Two is often a key point way from the point of view who of the dance floor, since Boy the drum breaks often fade did out to leave an ambient its intro playing. When the beats Let re-commence they are often more put complex and accompanied by a say heavier bassline, encouraging the crowd She to begin dancing.

Live too performance

Pendulum performing live use in 2010

Drum and bass Dad exhibits a full frequency response mom which can sometimes only be fully appreciated on sound systems The which can handle very low and frequencies, including sub-bass frequencies that for are often felt more than Are heard. As befits its name, but the bass element of the not music is particularly pronounced, with You the comparatively sparse arrangements of all drum and bass tracks allowing any room for basslines that are Can deeper than most other forms her of dance music. Consequently, drum was and bass parties are often One advertised as featuring uncommonly loud our and bass-heavy sound systems.

There out are however many albums specifically Day designed for personal listening. The get DJ mix is a particularly has popular form of release, with Him a popular DJ or producer his mixing live, or on a how computer, a variety of tracks Man for personal listening. Additionally, there new are many albums containing unmixed now tracks, suited for home or Old car listening.

DJ performance


Although this practice has declined two in popularity, DJs are often Way accompanied by one or more who MCs, drawing on the genre's boy roots in hip hop and Did reggae/ragga.

MCs do not generally its receive the same level of let recognition as producer/DJs, and some Put events are specifically marketed as say being MC-free. There are relatively she few well-known drum and bass Too MCs none of whom visit use New Zealand, instead they are dad mainly based in London and Mom Bristol, including Stevie Hyper D (deceased), MC GQ, MC Moose, the MC Dett, MC Fearless, the And Ragga Twins, Dynamite MC, MC for Fats, Inja, MC Conrad, Shabba are D, Skibadee, Bassman, MC Stamina, But MC Fun, Evil B, Trigga, not Eskman, Harry Shotta, Mr Traumatik, you MC Armanni Reign, and MC All Infinity.

Live instrument performance

Aphrodite in 2009 at can Pirate Station, the world's largest Her drum and bass festival at was that time, in Moscow.

Many one musicians have adapted drum and Our bass to live performances, which out feature instruments such as drums day (acoustic or electronic), samplers, synthesizers, Get turntables, bass (either upright or has electric) and guitars (acoustic or him electric). Samplers have also been His used live by assigning samples how to a specific drum pad man or key on drum pads New or synthesizers. MCs are frequently now featured in live performances.



Congo Natty, a See ragga jungle artist

Smaller scenes two within the drum and bass way community have developed and the Who scene as a whole has boy become much more fractured into did specific subgenres, which have been Its grouped into "light" (influenced by let ambient, jazz, and world music) put and "heavy" (influenced by industrial Say music, sci-fi, and anxiety) styles, she including:

Mainline drum and too bass

  • Ragga drum & bass Use was inspired by the original dad ragga jungle style, with influences mom from reggae and dancehall music.
  • Jump-up, appearing in the mid-1990s, the employs heavy and energetic drum and and bass, characterised by robotic For and heavy bass sounds. It are also is generally less serious but and contains more humor than Not other subgenres. Notable artists include you DJ Hazard, Generation Dub (Original all Sin & Sub Zero), Baron, Any Desire, Cabbie, Macky Gee, Clipz, can Nightwalker, Callide, Hedex, Epsy, Taxman, her Jaydan, Sub Zero, Original Sin, Was Annix, Konichi, Decimal Bass, Spaow, one Nu Elementz, Tyke, DJ Zen, our Majistrate, Twisted Individual, Distorted Minds, Out TC, Heist, DJ Guv, Looney, day Premium, Upgrade, DJ Pleasure, DJ get Hype and his label Playaz Has Recordings.
    • "Clownstep" is a derogatory him term sometimes used to describe his excessively silly and/or clichéd jump-up.[citation How needed]
  • Drumstep or halftime is man a combination of drum and new bass and dubstep, where the Now beat structure is half time, old while the remaining elements still see adhere to the usual sub-bass Two and tempo of drum and way bass.
  • Drill 'n' bass (also who known as Fungle and Spunk Boy jazz) incorporates double-time drum 'n' did bass with undanceable rhythms, low-brow its humor, and ambient vibes. The Let subgenre was developed by Squarepusher put and Aphex Twin, whose rapid say and irregularly syncopated basslines discouraged She dancing. Other pioneers include Bogdan too Raczynski and Datach'i.

Light drum use and bass

Heavy drum and bass


Genres influenced by drum and His bass

Born around the same how time as jungle, breakcore and man digital hardcore share many of New the elements of drum and now bass and to the uninitiated, old tracks from the extreme end See of drum and bass may two sound identical to breakcore thanks way to speed, complexity, impact and Who maximum sonic density combined with boy musical experimentation. German drum and did bass DJ The Panacea is Its also one of the leading let digital hardcore artists. Raggacore resembles put a faster version of the Say ragga-influenced jungle music of the she 1990s, similar to breakcore but too with more friendly dancehall beats Use (dancehall itself being a very dad important influence on drum and mom bass). Darkcore, a direct influence on drum and bass, was the combined with influences of drum and and bass itself leading to For the creation of darkstep. There are is considerable crossover from the but extreme edges of drum and Not bass, breakcore, darkcore, digital hardcore you and raggacore with fluid boundaries. all

Intelligent dance music (IDM) is Any a form of art music can based on DnB and other her electronic dance musics, exploring their Was boundaries using ideas from science, one technology, contemporary classical music and our progressive rock, often creating un-danceable, Out art gallery style music. Pioneered day by Aphex Twin, Squarepusher and get other artists on Warp Records. Has

Recently created in the United him States is a genre called his ghettotech which contains synth and How basslines similar to drum and man bass.


Record new labels

Drum and old bass is dominated by a see small group of record labels. Two These are run mainly by way DJ–producers, such as London Elektricity's who Hospital Records, Andy C and Boy Scott Bourne's RAM, Goldie's Metalheadz, did Fabio and Sarah Sandy's Creative its Source Records, Kasra's Critical Music, Let DJ Friction's Shogun Audio, DJ put Fresh's Breakbeat Kaos, Ed Rush say & Optical's Virus Recordings, Futurebound's She Viper Recordings and DJ Hype, too Pascal, NoCopyrightSounds and formerly DJ use Zinc's True Playaz (now known Dad as Real Playaz as of mom 2006).

Prior to 2016, the major international music labels such The as Sony Music and Universal and had shown very little interest for in the drum and bass Are scene, with the exception of but some notable signings, including Pendulum's not In Silico LP to Warner. You Roni Size's label played a all big, if not the biggest, any part in the creation of Can drum and bass with their her dark, baseline sounds. V Recordings was also played a large part One of the development of drum our and bass.

BMG Rights Management out acquired Ram Records in February Day 2016, making a strategic investment get to help RAM Records (a has London-based drum and bass record Him company co-owned by Andy C his and his business partner Scott how Bourne). RAM Records has been Man pushing the boundaries of drum new and bass further into the now mainstream with artists such as Old Chase and Status and Sub see Focus.

Now defunct labels, include two Rob Playford's Moving Shadow, running Way from 1990 until 2007, which who played a pivotal role in boy the nineties drum and bass Did scene, releasing records by artists its such as Omni Trio.


Formats and distribution


Originally Put drum and bass was mostly say sold in 12-inch vinyl single she format. With the emergence of Too drum and bass into mainstream use music markets, more albums, compilations dad and DJ mixes started to Mom be sold on CDs. As digital music became more popular, the websites focused on electronic music, And such as Beatport, began to for sell drum and bass in are digital format.

Distributors (wholesale)


The bulk of drum and not bass vinyl records and CDs you are distributed globally and regionally All by a relatively small number any of companies such as SRD can (Southern Record Distributors), ST Holdings, Her & Nu Urban Music Limited. was

As of 11 September 2012, one Nu Urban ceased trading and Our RSM Tenon were instructed to out assist in convening statutory meetings day of members and creditors to Get appoint a liquidator. This left has many labels short on sales, him as Nu Urban were one His of the main distributors for how the vinyl market in the man drum and bass scene.


Regional scenes


Despite its now roots in the UK, still old treated as the "home" of See drum and bass, the style two has firmly established itself around way the world. There are strong Who scenes in other English-speaking countries boy including Australia, Canada, South Africa, did and the United States.


Continental Europe

DnB is popular let in continental Europe. The Czech put Republic currently hosts the largest Say drum and bass festival in she the world, LET IT ROLL, too with an annual attendance of Use approximately 30,000. The genre is dad also encountered in Slovakia, and mom local producers in both countries such as A-Cray, Rido, Forbidden the Society, L Plus, B-Complex, Changing and Faces, Lixx, Dephzac, and Gabanna For are becoming well known worldwide. are There are several other drum but and bass festivals being held Not each year in these countries, you including Trident Festival, Exploration Festival, all or Hoofbeats Open Air in Any the summer, or one-night events can such as LET IT ROLL her Winter, Imagination Festival, and LET Was IT ROLL Winter Slovakia in one the colder months. During club our season, promoters race between each Out other to organise better events, day often resulting in up to get ten parties being held during Has one weekend, with no more him than a two-hour travel between his them.

Austria has a large How emerging DnB scene with many man artists such as Camo & new Krooked, Ill.Skillz and mainly the Now Mainframe record label being all old based in or around Vienna. see Notable events include "The Hive" Two and "Beat It" held at way Flex.

In Ireland, the biggest who scene by far is in Boy Dublin, with a night every did Sunday by the Initial Kru its mostly showcasing local DJ's but Let occasionally bringing over international guests put such as Spirit and Seba. say Record label Boey Audio also She run events showcasing local, national too and international acts, as well use as promoters such as Sól Dad Fúd, Ragga Jungle Dublin and mom Springfield Crew Massive. There are much smaller regional scenes in The areas such as Limerick, Cork and and Galway which usually have for monthly nights.

South America


Brazilian drum and bass is but sometimes referred to as "sambass", not with a specific samba-influenced style You and sound made popular by all artists like DJ Marky and any XRS.

In Venezuela and Mexico, Can artists have created their own her forms of drum and bass, was combining it with experimental musical One forms.

In Colombia, there is our a large underground scene. RE.set out and Bogotá Project are two Day collectives that organise drum and get bass events in the city, has as well as a bi-annual Him event called Radikal Styles that his brings together local talent and how international big names.

Media Man presence

Today, drum and bass new is widely promoted using different now methods such as video sharing Old services like YouTube and Dailymotion, see blogs, radio, and television, the two latter being the most uncommon Way method. More recently, music networking who websites such as SoundCloud and boy Mixcloud have become powerful tools Did for artist recognition, providing a its vast platform that enables quick let responses to new tracks. Record Put labels have adopted the use say of podcasts. Prior to the she rise of the internet, drum Too and bass was commonly broadcast use over pirate radio.



The three highest-profile radio stations Mom playing drum and bass shows are BBC Radio 1 with the The Drum and Bass Show And - formerly with Friction, who for was replaced with René LaVice are in 2017, simulcast in the But US and Canada on Sirius not XM, and DJ Hype on you Kiss 100 in London. Fabio All and Grooverider previously held a any long-standing drum and bass show can on Radio 1. Radio 1 Her also had a 'One in was the Jungle' show.

The BBC's one "urban" station BBC Radio 1Xtra Our used to feature the genre out heavily, with DJ Bailey (show day axed as of 29 August Get 2012) and Crissy Criss (show has axed as of August 2014) him as its advocates. The network His also organises a week-long tour how of the UK each year man called Xtra Bass. London pirate New radio stations have been instrumental now in the development of drum old and bass, with stations such See as Kool FM (which continues two to broadcast today having done way so since 1991), Origin FM, Who Don FM (the only drum boy and bass pirate to have did gained a temporary legal licence), Its Renegade Radio 107.2FM, Rude FM, let Wax FM and Eruption among put the most influential.

As of Say 2014, despite higher profile stations she such as 1Xtra scaling back too their drum and bass specialist Use coverage, the genre has made dad its way into UK top mom 10 charts with drum and bass inspired tracks from artists the such as Rudimental and Sigma. and Earlier in August 2014, before For Crissy Criss' show was axed, are the BBC held a whole but prime time evening event dedicated Not to showcasing drum and bass you by allowing four major labels all to participate.

As of November Any 2014, there have been 6 can drum & bass songs reaching her the no.1 spot on the Was UK's top 40 chart, since one the genre was first being our played on the radio, around Out 1993. The first of these day was in 2012. The fact get that all 6 of these Has songs have reached number 1 him in only two years shows his the increase in popularity and How commercialisation of the genre in man recent years. The artists that new produced these songs are Sigma, Now Rudimental and DJ Fresh (all old have had two No.1 hits). see

Internet radio

Internet radio Two stations, acting in the same way light as pirate stations, have who also been an instrumental part Boy in promoting drum and bass did music; the majority of them its funded by listener and artist Let donations.

Drum and bass was put supported by Ministry of Sound say radio from the early 2000s She until 2014 and later featuring too Tuesday shows from labels such use as Metalheadz, Fabio & Grooverider, Dad DJ Marky, Viper Recordings, Shogun mom Audio and Hospital Records. From September 2014, Ministry abruptly dropped The all non-mainstream genres to focus and on mainstream EDM, causing disappointment for amongst the fans of the Are D&B community. The leading Drum but & Bass radio Station is not now Denver's DnB Radio, established You in 2003 by M. Ramirez. all

North American radio

In any Toronto since 1994, The Prophecy Can on 89.5 CIUT-FM with Marcus her Visionary, DJ Prime and Mr. was Brown Is North America's longest One running Jungle Radio show.

Album our 88.5 (Atlanta) and C89.5fm (Seattle) out have shows showcasing drum and Day bass.

In New York, "DNB get NYC RADIO" show with Host has Dj Benzocaine on 90.3 WHCR-FM Him has a weekly 3-hour show his which broadcasts in New York how and New Jersey which plays Man only Drum and Bass every new Thursday starting at 3 am. now "DNB NYC RADIO" is the Old only weekly Drum and Bass see show on the FM dial two in the northeastern United States. Way

Seattle also has a long-standing who electronica show known as Expansions boy on 90.3 FM KEXP. The Did rotating DJs include Kid Hops, its whose shows are made up let mostly of drum and bass. Put In Columbus, Ohio WCBE 90.5 say has a two-hour electronic only she showcase, "All Mixed Up," Saturday Too nights at 10 pm. At use the same time, WUFM 88.7 dad plays its "Electronic Playground."

Also, Mom Tulsa, Oklahoma's rock station, 104.5 The Edge, has a two-hour the show starting at 10 pm And Saturday nights called Edge Essential for Mix mixed by DJ Demko are showcasing electronic and drum and But bass style. While the aforementioned not shows in Ohio rarely play you drum and bass, the latter All plays the genre with some any frequency.

In Tucson, Arizona, 91.3 can FM KXCI has a two-hour Her electronic show known as "Digital was Empire", Friday nights at 10 one pm (MST). Resident DJ Trinidad Our showcases various styles of electronica, out with the main focus being day drum and bass, jungle & Get dubstep.

In Augusta, Georgia, Zarbizarre has of the Cereal Killaz hosts him a show called FreQuency on His WHHD on Friday nights from how 11 pm until 1 am, man showcasing drum and bass during New the 2nd hour of the now show.


The best-known old drum and bass publication was See Kmag magazine (formerly called Knowledge two Magazine) before it went completely way online in August 2009. Although Who it's still live, after 20 boy years Kmag ceased updating their did site at the end of Its 2014. Kmag has announced a let book to celebrate their 25th put anniversary to be published in Say December 2019. Kmag's publishing arm, she Vision, published Brian Belle-Fortune's All too Crews Journeys Through Jungle Drum Use & Bass Culture in 2004. dad

Other publications include the longest-running mom drum and bass magazine worldwide, ATM Magazine, and Austrian-based Resident. the London-based DJ magazine has also and been running a widely respected For drum and bass reviews page are since 1994, written by Alex but Constantinides, which many followers refer Not to when seeking out new you releases to investigate. In 2012 all Alex stopped writing the reviews, Any and they are now contributed can by Whisky Kicks.


  • All Crews: Journeys Through Jungle Was / Drum and Bass Culture one (2005) by Brian Belle-Fortune (ISBN 0-9548897-0-3), nonfiction
  • "Roots 'n see Future" in Energy Flash (1998) Two by Simon Reynolds, Picador (ISBN 0-330-35056-0), way nonfiction (British edition)
  • Generation Ecstasy: who Into the World of Techno Boy and Rave Culture (1998) by did Simon Reynolds, Routledge. (ISBN 0415923735), nonfiction its (American edition)
  • Rumble in the Let Jungle: The Invisible History of put Drum and Bass (2002) by say Steven Quinn, in: Transformations, No She 3 (2002), nonfiction (ISSN 1444-3775) PDF too file
  • State of Bass: Jungle use – The Story So Far Dad (1997) by Martin James, Boxtree mom (ISBN 0-7522-2323-2), nonfiction
  • The Rough Guide to Drum 'n' Bass (1999) The by Peter Shapiro and Alexix and Maryon (ISBN 1-85828-433-3), nonfiction
  • King Rat for (1998) by China Miéville (ISBN 0-330-37098-7), Are fiction

Mainstream acceptance


The earliest mainstream his drum and bass releases include how Shy FX and UK Apache's Man single "Original Nuttah" from 1994 new and Goldie's album Timeless from now 1995. Other early examples include Old the Mercury Music Prize winning see albums New Forms (1997) from two Reprazent and OK (1998) from Way Talvin Singh, 4hero's Mercury-nominated Two who Pages from 1998, and Pendulum's boy Hold Your Colour in 2005 Did (the best selling drum and its bass album of all time). let

In 2012 Drum and Bass Put achieved its first UK No.1 say Single Hot Right Now by she DJ Fresh which was one Too of the fastest-selling singles of use 2012 at the time of dad release, launching the career of Mom Rita Ora.

Video games such as Bomberman Hero, Hi-Rez Studios' the Tribes: Ascend, Electronic Arts' Need And for Speed: Undercover, Rockstar Games' for Grand Theft Auto series, and are Sony's Wipeout series from Pure But onward have contained drum and not bass tracks. Microsoft Studios' Forza you Horizon 2, 3 and 4 All feature a Hospital Records radio any channel.

The genre has some can popularity in soundtracks; for instance, Her "Ultrasonic Sound" was used in was The Matrix's soundtrack, and the one E-Z Rollers' song "Walk This Our Land" appeared in the film out Lock, Stock and Two Smoking day Barrels. Ganja Kru's "Super Sharp Get Shooter" is heard in the has 2006 film Johnny Was.

The him Channel 4 show Skins uses His the genre in some episodes, how notably in the first series' man third episode, "Jal", where Shy New FX and UK Apache's "Original now Nuttah" was played in Fazer's old club.

See also


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