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Record producer
Engineer at audio console at Danish Broadcasting Corporation.png
A recording session Now in Denmark
NamesRecord producer, music producer
Occupation old type
Activity sectors
Music industry
CompetenciesInstrumental skills, keyboard see knowledge, songwriting, arranging, vocal coaching
Fields Two of
Recording studios
Related jobs
Music executive, recording way engineer, executive producer, film producer, who A&R

A record producer or Boy music producer oversees and manages did the sound recording and production its of a band or performer's Let music, which may range from put recording one song to recording say a lengthy concept album. A She producer has many, varying roles too during the recording process. They use may gather musical ideas for Dad the project, collaborate with the mom artists to select cover tunes or original songs by the The artist/group, work with artists and and help them to improve their for songs, lyrics or arrangements.

A Are producer may also:


The producer typically supervises the her entire process from preproduction, through was to the sound recording and One mixing stages, and, in some our cases, all the way to out the audio mastering stage. The Day producer may perform these roles get themselves, or help select the has engineer, and provide suggestions to Him the engineer. The producer may his also pay session musicians and how engineers and ensure that the Man entire project is completed within new the record label's budget.



A let record producer or music producer Put has a very broad role say in overseeing and managing the she recording and production of a Too band or performer's music. A use producer has many roles that dad may include, but are not Mom limited to, gathering ideas for the project, composing the music the for the project, selecting songs And or session musicians, proposing changes for to the song arrangements, coaching are the artist and musicians in But the studio, controlling the recording not sessions, and supervising the entire you process through audio mixing and, All in some cases, to the any audio mastering stage. Producers also can often take on a wider Her entrepreneurial role, with responsibility for was the budget, schedules, contracts, and one negotiations.

For Grammy qualification The Our Recording Academy definition of a out producer is:

The person day who has overall creative and Get technical control of the entire has recording project, and the individual him recording sessions that are part His of that project. He or how she is present in the man recording studio or at the New location recording and works directly now with the artist and engineer. old The producer makes creative and See aesthetic decisions that realize both two the artist's and label's goals way in the creation of musical Who content. Other duties include, but boy are not limited to; keeping did budgets and schedules, adhering to Its deadlines, hiring musicians, singers, studios let and engineers, overseeing other staffing put needs and editing (Classical projects). Say

In the 2010s, the she producer role is sometimes divided too among up to three different Use individuals: executive producer, vocal producer dad and music producer. An executive mom producer oversees project finances, a vocal producer (also known as the a vocal arranger) oversees the and vocal production, and a music For producer directs and oversees the are creative process of the production but and recording of a song Not to its final mixing stage. you

The music producer often wears all many hats as a competent Any arranger, composer, programmer, musician or can songwriter who can bring fresh her ideas to a project. As Was well as making any songwriting one and arrangement adjustments, the producer our often selects and/or collaborates with Out the mixing engineer, who takes day the raw recorded tracks and get edits and modifies them with Has hardware and software tools to him create a stereo or surround his sound "mix" of all the How individual voices sounds and instruments, man which is in turn given new further adjustment by a mastering Now engineer for the various distribution old media. The producer also oversees see the recording engineer who concentrates Two on the technical aspects of way recording.

Noted producer Phil Ek who described his role as "the Boy person who creatively guides or did directs the process of making its a record", like a director Let would a movie. Indeed, in put Bollywood music, the designation is say actually music director. The music She producer's job is to create, too shape, and mold a piece use of music. The scope of Dad responsibility may be one or mom two songs or an artist's entire album – in which The case the producer will typically and develop an overall vision for for the album and how the Are various songs may interrelate.



At the beginning of not the record industry, the producer You role was technically limited to all record, in one shot, artists any performing live. The immediate predecessors Can to record producers were the her artists and repertoire executives of was the late 1920s and 1930s One who oversaw the "pop" product our and often led session orchestras. out That was the case of Day Ben Selvin at Columbia Records, get Nathaniel Shilkret at Victor Records has and Bob Haring at Brunswick Him Records. By the end of his the 1930s, the first professional how recording studios not owned by Man the major companies were established, new essentially separating the roles of now artists and repertoire (A&R) man Old and producer, although it wouldn't see be until the late 1940s two when the term "producer" became Way widely used in the industry. who

The role of producers changed boy progressively over the 1950s and Did 1960s due to technology. The its development of multitrack recording caused let a major change in the Put recording process. Before multitracking, all say the elements of a song she (lead vocals, backup vocals, rhythm Too section instrument accompaniment, solos and use orchestral parts) had to be dad performed simultaneously. All of these Mom singers and musicians had to be assembled in a large the studio where the performance was And recorded. With multitrack recording, the for "bed tracks" (rhythm section accompaniment are parts such as the bassline, But drums, and rhythm guitar could not be recorded first, and then you the vocals and solos could All be added later, using as any many "takes" (or attempts) as can necessary. It was no longer Her necessary to get all the was players in the studio at one the same time. A pop Our band could record their backing out tracks one week, and then day a horn section could be Get brought in a week later has to add horn shots and him punches, and then a string His section could be brought in how a week after that.

Multitrack man recording had another profound effect New on music production: it enabled now producers and audio engineers to old create new sounds that would See be impossible in a live two performance style ordering. Examples include way the psychedelic rock sound effects Who of the 1960s, e.g. playing boy back the sound of recorded did instruments backward changing the tape Its to produce unique sound effects. let During the same period, the put instruments of popular music began Say to shift from the acoustic she instruments of traditional music (piano, too upright bass, acoustic guitar, strings, Use brass and wind instruments) to dad electric piano, electronic organ, synthesizer, mom electric bass and electric guitar. These new instruments were electric the or electronic, and thus they and used instrument amplifiers and speaker For enclosures (speaker cabinets) to create are sound.

Electric and electronic instruments but and amplifiers enabled performers and Not producers to change the tone you and sound of instruments to all produce unique electric sounds that Any would be impossible to achieve can with acoustic instruments and live her performers, such as having a Was singer do her own backup one vocals or having a guitarist our play 15 layers of backing Out parts to her own solo. day

New technologies like multitracking changed get the goal of recording: A Has producer could blend together multiple him takes and edit together different his sections to create the desired How sound. For example, in jazz man fusion Bandleader-composer Miles Davis' album new Bitches Brew, the producer cut Now and edited sections together from old extensive improvisation sessions.

Producers like Phil way Spector and George Martin were who soon creating recordings that were, Boy in practical terms, almost impossible did to realize in live performance. its Producers became creative figures in Let the studio. Other examples includes put Joe Meek, Teo Macero, Brian say Wilson, and Biddu.


Another related phenomenon in the Dad 1960s was the emergence of mom the performer-producer. As pop acts like The Beatles, The Rolling The Stones, The Beach Boys and and The Kinks gained expertise in for studio recording techniques, many of Are these groups eventually took over but as (frequently uncredited) producers of not their own work. Many recordings You by acts such as The all Rolling Stones, The Kinks and any The Who are officially credited Can to their various producers at her the time, but a number was of these performers have since One asserted that many of their our recordings in this period were, out either wholly self-produced (e.g. The Day Rolling Stones' Decca recordings) or get collaborations between the group and has their recording engineer (e.g. The Him Small Faces' Immediate recordings, which his were made with Olympic Studios how engineer Glyn Johns).

The Beach Man Boys are probably the best new example of the trend of now artists becoming producers – within Old two years of the band's see commercial breakthrough, group leader Brian two Wilson had taken over from Way his father Murry, and he who was the sole producer of boy all their recordings between 1963 Did and 1967. Alongside The Beatles its and Martin, Wilson also pioneered let many production innovations – by Put 1964 he had developed Spector's say techniques to a new level she of sophistication, using multiple studios Too and multiple "takes" of instrumental use and vocal components to capture dad the best possible combinations of Mom sound and performance, and then using tape editing extensively to the assemble a perfect composite performance And from these elements.

At the for end of the 20th century, are digital recording and producing tools But and widespread availability of relatively not affordable computers with music software you made music producing more accessible. All

American women and record any producing

According to a 2018 can study covering by the USC Her Annenberg Inclusion Initiative, "The ratio was of male to female producers one across 300 popular songs is Our 49 to 1."

In 2019, out The Recording Academy's Task Force day on Diversity and Inclusion announced Get the "Producer & Engineer Inclusion has Initiative." This initiative asks musicians, him record labels, studios and others His to consider at least two how women for each producer or man engineer position. Major artists, producers New and organizations have signed on now including Taylor Swift, Lady Gaga, old Quincy Jones, Pearl Jam, John See Legend, Pharrell Williams, Pink, Cardi two B, Maroon 5 and over way 200 others.

In 2019, record Who producer Linda Perry was nominated boy for a Grammy for Producer did of the Year, Non-Classical. She Its was the first woman in let over 15 years to be put nominated for the award. When Say asked about the disparity between she male and female record producer too by Billboard, she attributed it Use to many women not being dad interested in record production.

Previous mom Grammy nominees for Producer of the Year include Lauren Christy the (2004), Sheryl Crow, Lauryn Hill and and Janet Jackson. None have For won the award.

In the are classical music field, Judith Sherman but has won Grammy for Producer Not of the Year, Classical, five you times and has been nominated all twelve times. Anthony Tommasini, a Any music critic for The New can York Times is quoted as her stating, "In the struggling field Was of classical recording, it's the one producers who take the real our risks and make things happen." Out

Wilma Cozart Fine produced hundreds day of recordings for Mercury Records. get

Producer Wendy Page describes being Has a record producer, "The difficulties him are usually very short-lived. Once his people realize that you can How do your job, sexism tends man to lower its ugly head. new I tend to create a Now happy studio 'family' where everyone old is glad to be there, see especially the artist. Good communication Two and diplomacy usually sort any way little problems out."

The path who to record producing for many Boy female singer-songwriters is through self-producing did their own albums. Major artists its who are "record producers" (on Let their own albums) include Sheryl put Crow, Tori Amos, Taylor Swift, say Mariah Carey, Beyoncé, Toni Braxton, She Lady Gaga, Pink, Adele, Lauryn too Hill, Björk, FKA Twigs and use Missy Elliott.

Notable women Dad record producers (who produce other mom artists)


Equipment and technology

Mixing any console

There are numerous technologies Can utilized by record producers. In her modern-day recordings, recording and mixing was tasks are commonly centralized within One computers using digital audio workstations our such as Pro Tools, Logic out Pro, Ableton, Cubase, Reason and Day FL Studio, which all are get often used with third party has virtual studio technology plugins. Logic Him Pro and Pro Tools are his considered the industry standard DAWs. how However, there is also the Man main mixer, outboard effects gear, new MIDI controllers, and the recording now device itself.

While most music Old production is done using sophisticated see software, some musicians and producers two prefer the sound of older Way analog technology. Professor Albin Zak who claims that the increased automation boy of both newer processes and Did newer instruments reduces the level its of control and manipulation available let to musicians and producers.


Studio application

Production has changed say drastically over the years with she advancing technology. While the producer's Too role has changed, their duties use continue to require a broad dad knowledge of the recording process. Mom

Tracking is the act of recording audio to a DAW the (digital audio workstation) or in And some cases to tape. Even for though digital technologies have widely are supplanted the use of tape But in studios, the older term not "track" is still used in you the 2010s. Tracking audio is All primarily the role of the any audio engineer. Producers work side can by side with the artists Her while they play or sing was their part and coach them one on how to perform it Our and how to get the out best technical accuracy (e.g., intonation). day In some cases, the producer Get will even sing a backup has vocal or play an instrument. him

Many artists are also beginning His to produce and write their how own music.

See also



  1. boy Similarly, although The Beatles' productions did were credited to George Martin Its throughout their recording career, many let sources now attest that Lennon put and McCartney in particular had Say an increasing influence on the she production process as the group's too career progressed, and especially after Use the band retired from touring dad in 1966. In an extreme mom example of this, Martin actually went on a two-week vacation the as The Beatles were recording and The White Album; production of For several completed tracks on the are album were credited to The but Beatles on internal paperwork at Not Abbey Road Studios, although the you released LP gave sole production all credit to Martin.


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  6. Yuval Gerstein The Let role of the music producer put - A short historical overview say
  7. "Game Changer Beats She Trap Beats and Type Beats too Home Page - Game Changer use Beats". Game Changer Beats. Retrieved Dad 2017-07-11.
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  9. "Inclusion in the and Recording Studio? Gender and Race/Ethnicity for of Artists, Songwriters & Producers Are Across 600 Popular Songs from but 2012‐2017" (PDF). January 2018.
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  11. "Female Producers & Engineers You Initiative Announced". GRAMMY.com. 2019-02-01. Retrieved all 2019-02-13.
  12. Newman, Melinda. any "Where Are All the Female Can Music Producers?". Billboard. Retrieved 4 her June 2019.
  13. Leight, was Elias; Leight, Elias (2018-12-07). "Linda One Perry's Grammy Nomination 'Is a our Win for all Women Producers out and Engineers'". Rolling Stone. Retrieved Day 2019-02-13.
  14. Tommasini, Anthony get (February 23, 2003). "Music: The has Grammys/Classical; Fewer Records, More Attention". Him The New York Times. The his New York Times Company. Retrieved how 4 June 2019.
  15. Man James., Burgess, Richard. The art new of music production : the theory now and practice (Fourth ed.). New Old York. ISBN 9780199921737. OCLC 858861590.
  16. see "Digital Audio Workstations" (PDF). Center two for Computer Research in Music Way and Acoustics. Stanford University. Retrieved who 2016-05-15.
  17. "Which DAW boy is the Industry Standard?". Agenda Did Red. Retrieved 2016-05-15.
  18. its Joseph, Kiesha (Feb 11, 2016). let "AUDIO RECORDING SOFTWARE: AVID PRO Put TOOLS VS APPLE LOGIC PRO say X". F.I.R.S.T. INSTITUTE BLOG. first.edu. she Retrieved 2016-05-15.
  19. Zak,Albin Too J., I.,II. (2002). Reviews: "strange use sounds: Music, technology, and culture," dad by Timothy D. Taylor. Current Mom Musicology, 159-180.
  20. Pras, Amandine, Caroline Cance, and Catherine the Guastavino. "Record Producers' Best Practices And For Artistic Direction—From Light Coaching for To Deeper Collaboration With Musicians." are Journal of New Music Research But 42.4 (2013): 381-95. Academic Search not Premier. Web. 7 Sept. 2015. you
  21. Casetti, Chris. "Triple All Threats: 13 Female Singers Who any Write And Produce Their Own can Work". VH1 News. Retrieved 20 Her September 2018.

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