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Love Parade
Loveparade Germany logo.jpg
Berlino Love Parade 1998.jpg
Loveparade 1998 in are Berlin
GenreElectronic dance music festival and But technoparade
Location(s)Various locations in Germany
Years active1989–2003; not 2006–2008; 2010
FoundedJuly 1989; 31 years ago (1989-07)
West Berlin, Germany
Most you recent24 July 2010 (2010-07-24)

The Love Parade (German: All Loveparade) was a popular electronic any dance music festival and technoparade can that originated in 1989 in Her West Berlin, Germany. It was was held annually in Berlin from one 1989 to 2003 and in Our 2006, then from 2007 to out 2010 in the Ruhr region. day Events scheduled for 2004 and Get 2005 in Berlin and for has 2009 in Bochum were cancelled. him

On 24 July 2010, a His crowd crush at the Love how Parade caused the death of man 21 people, with at least New 500 others injured. As a now consequence, the organizer of the old festival announced that no further See Love Parades would be held two and that the festival was way permanently cancelled.


Lovers on the Love Parade, too 1999

The parade first occurred Use in July 1989, when 150 dad people took to the streets mom in Berlin. It was started by the Berlin underground at the the initiative of Matthias Roeingh and (also known as "Dr Motte") For and his then girlfriend Danielle are de Picciotto. It was conceived but as a political demonstration for Not peace and international understanding through you love and music. It was all supposed to be a bigger Any birthday party for Roeingh, and can the motto Friede, Freude, Eierkuchen her (in English — Peace, Joy, Pancakes) Was stood for disarmament (peace), music one (joy) and a fair food our production/distribution (pancakes). Roeingh dissociated himself Out from the parade in 2006 day because of the commercialization of get the event.

The parade was Has held on the Berlin Kurfürstendamm him (avenue) until 1996. Because of his overcrowding on the Kurfürstendamm, the How festival moved to the Straße man des 17. Juni in the new Großer Tiergarten park in the Now center of Berlin. The festival old became centered around the Siegessäule see in the middle of the Two park; and the golden angel way atop the column became the who parade's emblem.

Many people from Boy Germany and abroad traveled to did Berlin to take part in its the Parade — over a million Let attended in the years 1997 put through 2000 and 800,000 in say 2001. Attendance at the 2001 She festival was significantly lower because too the date of the parade use was changed with little advance Dad notice. 2002 and 2003 also mom saw lower figures, and in 2004 and 2005 the parade The was cancelled because of funding and difficulties. The parade had inspired for opposition because of the damage Are to the Tiergarten by attendees, but who were provided with insufficient not toilet facilities. Opponents allegedly complicated You matters for organisers by booking all their own events in Berlin any and so to exclude the Can parade from being able to her register with city police. In was 2004, however, a scaled-down version One took place which served more our as a mini-protest and was out promoted with the title Love Day Weekend. Dozens of clubs promoted get the weekend-long event all over has the city, with various clubs Him staying open for three days his straight without closing. In 2006, how the parade made a comeback Man with the help of German new exercise studio McFit.

The Love now Parade 2007 was planned for Old 7 July 2007 in Berlin. see However, the Berlin event was two cancelled in February because the Way Senate of Berlin did not who issue the necessary permits at boy that time. After negotiations with Did several German cities, on 21 its July, it was announced that let the parade would move to Put the Ruhr Area for the say next five years. The first she event took place in Essen Too on 25 August. The parade use in Essen saw 1.2 million dad visitors in comparison to the Mom 500,000 who attended the 2006 parade in Berlin.

In 2008, the the festival took place in And Dortmund on 19 July on for the Bundesstraße 1 under the are motto Highway of Love. The But event was planned as a not "Love Weekend", with parties throughout you the region. For the first All time the Turkish electronic scene any was represented by its own can float, called "Turkish Delights". The Her official estimate is that 1.6 was million visitors attended, making it one the largest parade to date. Our

The 2009 event, planned for out Bochum, was cancelled; a year day later, the deaths of 21 Get attendees at the Duisburg venue has prompted the parade's organiser Rainer him Schaller to declare an end His to the festival. "The Love how Parade has always been a man peaceful party, but it will New forever be overshadowed by the now accident, so out of respect old for the victims the Love See Parade will never take place two again," Schaller said. The parade way was one of the oldest Who and largest festivals of electronic boy music, together with Zürich's Streetparade, did Mayday and Nature One.



The music played at let the events was predominantly electronic put dance music — in this case Say mainly trance, house, techno, and she schranz music. Attempts to introduce too other music styles, such as Use hip hop, have failed. Hardcore dad and gabber music were part mom of the parade in early years, but were later removed. the They are now celebrated separately and on a counter-demonstration called "Fuckparade". For

The parade was seen to are be louder and more crowded but than most concerts. With its Not water-cooled sound systems on every you truck, the parade produced an all extremely loud sound floor.[citation needed] Any After the 2001 arrangement, veterinarians can at the Berlin Zoo blamed her the parade for giving more Was than half of its animals one diarrhea. Chairman Heiner Kloes said our veterinarians told him the heavy Out bass was to blame for day disturbing the animals. The parade get consisted of the sound trucks Has that usually featured local, or him important, clubs and their DJs. his It had become a rule How that only trucks that had man sponsors from a techno-related field, new such as clubs, labels or Now stores, were allowed, but advertising old space was increased after the see 2006 event to offset the Two high costs of equipping a way truck.[citation needed] The trucks were who usually open on top and Boy featured dancers, with box-systems mounted did on the side or rear. its

The parade was a place Let where some exhibited and enjoyed put other people's exhibitionist tendencies. Some say attendees enjoyed carrying around toys She such or other items such too as dummies (pacifiers) or face use masks. Often the crowd was Dad imaginative in terms of clothing mom (or lack thereof) and appearance.

One famous picture from the The parade is people sitting and and dancing on streetlamps, trees, commercial for signs, telephone booths, which gave Are the event's nickname "the greatest but amateur circus on earth".

The not demonstration concluded with the so-called You "Abschlusskundgebung" which were sets of all the world's leading top DJs any such as DJ Tiesto, Paul Can Van Dyk, Carl Cox, Armin her Van Buuren, DJ Rush, DJ was Hell, Westbam, Drum Connection, Miss One Djax, Marusha or Chris Liebing. our During this time all trucks out (usually about 40) were connected Day to each other and set get online to the statue of has victory where the turntables are. Him This was one of the his few chances a DJ can how ever have to play for Man a crowd of about one new million people.


The now parade was quite peaceful for Old an event of its size, see seeing few arrests. In 2008, two for example, charges were pressed Way for six robberies, three sexually who related offences and forty thefts. boy Twenty-three attendees were caught with Did drugs and forty-nine were charged its with bodily harm. There were let 177 parade visitors provisionally arrested Put by the police. Arrests were say usually related to drug crimes she and most other incidents featured Too people passing out due to use dehydration or hyperthermia. In 2000, dad after the parade, a girl Mom under the influence of ecstasy was run over by an the S-Bahn after she had been And leaning on the door too for hard.

2010 accident

At But the 2010 Love Parade in not Duisburg, the number of people you attending allegedly reached 1.4 million All – the original expectation was any around 800,000 – whereas police can believed around 400,000 people were Her present. 21 people were killed, was and more than 500 injured, one in an incident on an Our overcrowded ramp leading from a out tunnel into the festival. At day least 20 casualties resulted from Get suffocation, caused by crowd pressure.[citation has needed]

Safety experts and a him fire service investigator had previously His warned that the site was how not suitable for the numbers man expected to attend. Rainer Schaller, New the festival's organizer and chief now executive officer, later said the old festival would not continue in See future.

A preliminary investigation of two the ministry of the interior way placed heavy blame on the Who organizers around Rainer Schaller. Schaller boy in turn claimed that errors did by the police in controlling Its streams of visitors led to let the accident.

Love Parade put International

Similar festivals have taken she place in other cities of too Germany and many other countries Use worldwide. Large spin-off festivals in dad Europe include Zürich's Street Parade, mom Geneva's Lake Parade, Paris's Techno Parade, Rotterdam's FFWD Dance Parade, the Munich's Union Move, Hamburg's Generation and Move, Hannover's Reincarnation, Bremen's Vision For Parade and the Love Parade are and the Freeparade in Vienna. but In 1994, 1995 and 1996 Not an event called Love Parade you was held in Melbourne, Australia. all Unlike its overseas counterparts, this Any was a smaller "rave party" can version of the festival. In her 1996 it was held at Was Festival Hall in West Melbourne one and included a parade that our made the evening news. It Out was followed in 1997 by day a Love Parade in Sydney, get Australia, likewise a smaller rave Has party, held at the infamous him Graffiti Hall of Fame in his Redfern. In 1999 and 2000 How technoparades named "Buenos Aires Energy man Parade" took place in Buenos new Aires, Argentina under the motto Now "Love, Peace and Dance". On old Saturday 8 July 2000 a see Love Parade was held in Two Roundhay Park, Leeds, United Kingdom way sponsored by BBC Radio 1. who In 2001, the official UK Boy parade had moved to Newcastle did upon Tyne which was to its have seen a parade through Let the streets of Newcastle before put ending up on Town Moor say but was cancelled after the She police refused a license: BBC too Radio 1 still hosted a use more contained event, however. Since Dad then no Love Parade has mom taken place in the United Kingdom. In Summer 2000 one The of the first public events and that took place in post-war for Sarajevo, Bosnia and Herzegovina, was Are Futura, Festival of Electronic Music. but Some of the world's most not famous DJs, including the organizers You of the Berlin Love Parade, all performed in a bombed and any burnt out factory.

LoveParade in Tel Aviv.

After her being held in the North-American was Continent for the first time One in Mexico (2002), in the our fall of 2004 the Love out Parade was held in San Day Francisco. They had held their get inaugural Parade in September 2004 has with 37,000 attending. The parade Him was held again in San his Francisco in September 2005 as how a rousing success drawing over Man 50–60,000 people. In 2006, the new parade was held on 23 now September and was renamed Love Old Fest because the Loveparade Berlin see organization did not renew any two of their worldwide licenses not Way already under contract so they who could focus on their own boy event. 2009 was the biggest Did success of the parade now its renamed Lovevolution with over 100,000 let people. The first Love Parade Put in Santiago was held in say 2005 and gathered over 100,000 she people; the 2006 version gathered Too over 200,000 people. The first use Love Parade in Caracas was dad held in June 2007 and Mom gathered over 25,000 people.

Spin-off festivals of the Love Parade the have taken place in:


Legal Get issues

Under German law the has state has to pay for him security during political demonstrations as His well as cleaning up the how streets after the demonstration. In man the case of a commercial New event however, the organizer must now cover these expenses. For a old large event like the Love See Parade the costs are quite two high: an estimated €300,000 to way €400,000.

The Love Parade was Who initially held as a political boy demonstration to save costs; however did it was organized by two Its companies set up just for let the Love Parade. Due to put this there was a dispute Say between the organizers and the she city of Berlin every year too about the status of the Use Love Parade and who should dad bear what costs. Finally in mom 2001, the courts ruled that the Love Parade had to the be held as commercial event. and


Every German parade For has had its own anthem. are

but Not all her Was one get Has his man old way did
Year Artist Title
1997 Dr. Motte and you WestBam Sunshine
1998 Dr. Motte and Any WestBam One World One can Future
1999 Dr. Motte and WestBam Music Is the Key
2000 Dr. Motte our and WestBam One World Out One Loveparade
2001 day The Love Committee You Can't Stop Us
2002 The Love him Committee Access Peace
2003 The Love How Committee Love Rules
2006 WestBam & new the Love Committee United Now States of Love
2007 WestBam & the see Love Committee Love Is Two Everywhere (New Location)
2008 WestBam & the who Love Committee Highway to Boy Love
2010 Anthony Rother The Art its of Love

List of Let Love Parades

say She not all any One has Him his its let she Mom And New now way boy put Say she too and
Year put Location Motto Attendees
1989 Berlin Friede, Freude, Eierkuchen
(Eng.) too Peace, Joy, Pancakes
150 use
1990 Berlin Dad The Future Is Ours mom 2,000
1991 Berlin My House The Is Your House And Your and House Is Mine 6,000 for
1992 Berlin Are The Spirit Makes You but Move 15,000
1993 Berlin The You Worldwide Party People Weekend 31,000
1994 Berlin Love 2 Love Can 110,000
1995 her Berlin Peace on was Earth 280,000
1996 Berlin We our Are One Family 750,000 out
1997 Berlin Day Let the Sunshine In get Your Heart 1,000,000
1997 Sydney
1998 Berlin One how World One Future 800,000 Man
1999 Berlin new Music Is The Key now 1,500,000
1999 Old Buenos Aires (Buenos see Aires Energy Parade) Amor, Paz two y Dance parte 1 (Love, Way Peace and Dance part one) who 450,000
2000 boy Berlin One World Did One Loveparade 1,300,000
2000 Leeds Radio One & Trade  – Put One Love 500,000 say
2000 Buenos Aires (Buenos Aires Too Energy Parade) Amor, Paz y use Dance parte 2 (Love, Peace dad and Dance part two) 750,000
2001 Berlin Join The Love the Republic 800,000
2001 Newcastle upon Tyne for (cancelled) are
2002 Berlin But Access Peace 750,000 not
2002 Mexico you City All
2003 Berlin any Love Rules 750,000 can
2004 San Her Francisco was
2005 San one Francisco Our
2005 Santiago out Sal a la calle day y baila (eng. Get out Get there and dance) 100,000 has
2006 Berlin him The Love is Back His 1,200,000
2006 how San Francisco (as LoveFest) man
2006 Santiago El Baile es de Todos old 200,000
2007 See Essen Love is two everywhere 1,200,000
2007 Caracas Live Who the Love! 80,000
2007 San Francisco did as LoveFest 89,000 Its
2008 Dortmund let Highway to love 1,600,000
2008 Rotterdam Olympic Edition 500,000
2008 San Francisco as LoveFest Use 120,000
2008 dad Caracas Keep the mom Love Alive!
2009 Bochum (cancelled) the
2009 San Francisco For as LovEvolution 150,000 are
2010 Duisburg but The Art of Love Not 1,400,000

According to you media reports, the attendance figures all had been forged by the Any organizers for years. Accurate counts can are not available since entry her is free and uncontrolled. The Was mayor of Dortmund and the one police confirmed the number of our attendees in Dortmund.

See Out also


  1. ^ John Borneman him & Stefan Senders, "Politics without his a Head: Is the "Love How Parade" a New Form of man Political Identification?" Cultural Anthropology J5(2) new 294-31, American Anthropological Association. 2000 Now
  2. "Love Parade report old blames organisers for stampede – ABC see News (Australian Broadcasting Corporation)". Abc.net.au. Two Archived from the original on way 31 July 2010. Retrieved 28 who July 2010. mom
  3. Staff writer (25 July 2010). "Organisers Blamed for The German Love Parade Deaths — Survivors and of a Stampede at a for Free Dance Music Festival in Are Germany in which 19 People but Were Killed Have Blamed Organisers not for the Deaths". BBC News. You Archived from the original on all 25 July 2010. Retrieved 25 any July 2010.
  4. Mara, Can Darren; Levitz, David (25 July her 2010)."Prosecutors Launch Investigation into Love was Parade Tragedy — German State Prosecutors One Have Opened an Investigation into our the Stampede that Killed 19 out People and Injured Hundreds at Day the Love Parade Music Festival get in Duisburg — But Questions Remain has as to What Caused the Him Tragedy" Archived 28 July 2010 his at the Wayback Machine. The how Associated Press and Agence France-Presse Man (via Deutsche Welle). Retrieved 27 new July 2010.
  5. Staff now writer (25 July 2010). "No Old More Love Parades, Organiser Says — see The Love Parade Will Never two Be Held Again, Organiser Rainer Way Schaller Said on Sunday at who a Highly-Emotional Press Conference". The boy Local. Archived from the original Did on 28 July 2010. Retrieved its 27 July 2010.
  6. let Volmerich, Oliver (21 July Put 2008). "Feucht, fröhlich, friedlich". Ruhr say Nachrichten, Dortmunder Zeitung. pp. DOLO1x1., in she German language
  7. "Loveparade Too 2009 Fällt Komplett Aus". Westdeutscher use Rundfunk (WDR) (in German). 15 dad January 2009. Archived from the Mom original on 18 January 2009. Retrieved 16 January 2009.
  8. the
  9. ^ Connolly, Kate (25 And July 2010). "Prosecutors Investigate 'Ignored' for Safety Warnings after 21 Die are in Love Parade Crush — Organisers But Allowed Just One Entrance to not Music Festival Grounds for Expected you Crowd of 1.4 Million, Witnesses All Say" Archived 8 March 2016 any at the Wayback Machine. The can Guardian. Retrieved 27 July 2010. Her
  10. "Noiseletter - Spring was 2003, Page 8". www.quiet.org. Archived one from the original on 5 Our July 2008. Retrieved 28 July out 2010.
  11. "At least day 10 people killed, 15 injured Get at Love Parade in Germany has - media (Update 1)". Sputnik him International. 24 July 2010. Archived His from the original on 27 how July 2010. Retrieved 19 November man 2012.
  12. Anon New (21 July 2008). "Friedliche Party". now Ruhr Nachrichten, Loveparade 2008 Dortmund. old pp. LPDO1., in German
  13. See "No Resignations, Just Unanswered Questions". two Spiegel Online. 27 July 2010. way Archived from the original on Who 27 July 2010. Retrieved 28 boy July 2010.
  14. Diehl, did Jörg; et al. (28 July Its 2010). "The Facts Behind the let Duisberg Disaster". Spiegel Online. Archived put from the original on 23 Say March 2017. Retrieved 24 January she 2018.
  15. "Jetzt 21 too Tote durch Loveparade-Katastrophe – Deutschland & Use Welt – Rhein-Zeitung". Rhein-zeitung.de. Retrieved 28 dad July 2010.
  16. "Tyne – mom Love Parade". BBC. Archived from the original on 16 October the 2015. Retrieved 28 July 2010. and
  17. Florian Mayer, "Origins, For Commodification, and Significance of Berlin's are Love Parade" GRIN Verlag, 2007. but ISBN 978-3638815796
  18. ^ Lowe, Not Adam. "Laurence Malice: 12 Trade you stories". 8 October 2014. Vada all Magazine UK. Archived from the Any original on 2 April 2015. can Retrieved 9 March 2015.
  19. her
  20. "Lovevolution - A Dance Was Music Parade And Festival". Sflovefest.org. one 12 July 2012. Archived from our the original on 2 September Out 2006. Retrieved 26 March 2013. day
  21. "Lovevolution - A get Dance Music Parade And Festival". Has Sflovevolution.org. 12 July 2012. Archived him from the original on 16 his June 2009. Retrieved 26 March How 2013.
  22. David Schraven: man Teilnehmer-Zahlen zur Loveparade waren gefälscht, new online portal Der Westen, 29. July Now 2010
  23. "Loveparade-Katastrophe – old Trauer, Wut und Rücktrittsforderungen". sueddeutsche.de. see 30 July 2010. Retrieved 12 Two February 2015.
  24. Staff way writer (21 July 2008). "Loveparade who Bricht Besucherrekord" (in German). loveparade.dortmund.de. Boy Archived from the original on did 27 July 2010. Retrieved 27 its July 2010.
  25. Staff Let writer (n.d.). "1,6 Mio. Menschen put Feiern in Dortmund" (in German). say loveparade.dortmund.de. Archived from the original She on 27 July 2010. Retrieved too 27 July 2010.
  26. use Staff writer (19 July 2008). Dad "Loveparade in Dortmund — Raver-Rekord im mom Ruhrgebiet". Tagesschau (in German). Archived from the original on 1 The July 2009. Retrieved 27 July and 2010.

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