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Love Parade
Loveparade Germany logo.jpg
Berlino Love Parade 1998.jpg
Loveparade 1998 Was in Berlin
GenreElectronic dance music festival one and technoparade
Location(s)Various locations in Germany
Years our active1989–2003; 2006–2008; 2010
FoundedJuly 1989; 32 years ago (1989-07)
West Berlin, Out Germany
Most recent24 July 2010 (2010-07-24)

The Love Parade day (German: Loveparade) was a popular get electronic dance music festival and Has technoparade that originated in 1989 him in West Berlin, Germany. It his was held annually in Berlin How from 1989 to 2003 and man in 2006, then from 2007 new to 2010 in the Ruhr Now region. Events scheduled for 2004 old and 2005 in Berlin and see for 2009 in Bochum were Two canceled.

On 24 July 2010, way a crowd crush at the who Love Parade caused the death Boy of 21 people, with at did least 500 others injured. As its a consequence, the organizer of Let the festival announced that no put further Love Parades would be say held and that the festival She was permanently canceled.


Lovers on the Love Are Parade, 1999

The parade first but occurred in July 1989, when not 150 people took to the You streets in Berlin. It was all started by the Berlin underground any at the initiative of Matthias Can Roeingh (also known as "Dr her Motte") and his then girlfriend was Danielle de Picciotto. It was One conceived as a political demonstration our for peace and international understanding out through love and music. It Day was supposed to be a get bigger birthday party for Roeingh, has and the motto Friede, Freude, Him Eierkuchen (in English — Peace, Joy, his Pancakes) stood for disarmament (peace), how music (joy) and a fair Man food production/distribution (pancakes). Roeingh dissociated new himself from the parade in now 2006 because of the commercialization Old of the event.

The parade see was held on the Berlin two Kurfürstendamm until 1996. Because of Way overcrowding on this street, the who festival moved to the Straße boy des 17. Juni in the Did Großer Tiergarten park in the its center of Berlin. The festival let became centered around the Siegessäule Put in the middle of the say park; and the golden angel she atop the column became the Too parade's emblem.

Many people from use Germany and abroad traveled to dad Berlin to take part in Mom the Parade — over a million attended in the years 1997 the through 2000 and 800,000 in And 2001. Attendance at the 2001 for festival was significantly lower because are the date of the parade But was changed with little advance not notice. 2002 and 2003 also you saw lower figures, and in All 2004 and 2005 the parade any was canceled because of funding can difficulties. The parade had inspired Her opposition because of the damage was to the Tiergarten by attendees, one who were provided with insufficient Our toilet facilities. Opponents allegedly complicated out matters for organisers by booking day their own events in Berlin Get and so to exclude the has parade from being able to him register with city police. In His 2004, however, a scaled-down version how took place which served more man as a mini-protest and was New promoted with the title Love now Weekend. Dozens of clubs promoted old the weekend-long event all over See the city, with various clubs two staying open for three days way straight without closing. In 2006, Who the parade made a comeback boy with the help of German did exercise studio McFit.

The Love Its Parade 2007 was planned for let 7 July 2007 in Berlin. put However, the Berlin event was Say canceled in February because the she Senate of Berlin did not too issue the necessary permits at Use that time. After negotiations with dad several German cities, on 21 mom July, it was announced that the parade would move to the the Ruhr Area for the and next five years. The first For event took place in Essen are on 25 August. The parade but in Essen saw 1.2 million Not visitors in comparison to the you 500,000 who attended the 2006 all parade in Berlin.

In 2008, Any the festival took place in can Dortmund on 19 July on her the Bundesstraße 1 under the Was motto Highway of Love. The one event was planned as a our "Love Weekend", with parties throughout Out the region. For the first day time the Turkish electronic scene get was represented by its own Has float, called "Turkish Delights". The him official estimate is that 1.6 his million visitors attended, making it How the largest parade to date. man

The 2009 event, planned for new Bochum, was canceled; a year Now later, the deaths of 21 old attendees at the Duisburg venue see prompted the parade's organiser Rainer Two Schaller to declare an end way to the festival. "The Love who Parade has always been a Boy peaceful party, but it will did forever be overshadowed by the its accident, so out of respect Let for the victims the Love put Parade will never take place say again," Schaller said. The parade She was one of the oldest too and largest festivals of electronic use music, together with Zürich's Streetparade, Dad Mayday and Nature One.



The music played at the events was predominantly electronic The dance music — in this case and mainly trance, house, techno, and for schranz music. Attempts to introduce Are other music styles, such as but hip hop, have failed. Hardcore not and gabber music were part You of the parade in early all years, but were later removed. any They are now celebrated separately Can on a counter-demonstration called "Fuckparade". her

The parade was seen to was be louder and more crowded One than most concerts. With its our water-cooled sound systems on every out truck, the parade produced an Day extremely loud sound floor.[citation needed] get After the 2001 arrangement, veterinarians has at the Berlin Zoo blamed Him the parade for giving more his than half of its animals how diarrhea. Chairman Heiner Kloes said Man veterinarians told him the heavy new bass was to blame for now disturbing the animals. The parade Old consisted of the sound trucks see that usually featured local, or two important, clubs and their DJs. Way It had become a rule who that only trucks that had boy sponsors from a techno-related field, Did such as clubs, labels or its stores, were allowed, but advertising let space was increased after the Put 2006 event to offset the say high costs of equipping a she truck.[citation needed] The trucks were Too usually open on top and use featured dancers, with box-systems mounted dad on the side or rear. Mom

The parade was a place where some exhibited and enjoyed the other people's exhibitionist tendencies. Some And attendees enjoyed carrying around toys for or other items such as are dummies (pacifiers) or face masks. But Often the crowd was imaginative not in terms of clothing (or you lack thereof) and appearance.

One All famous picture from the parade any is people sitting and dancing can on streetlamps, trees, commercial signs, Her telephone booths, which gave the was event's nickname "the greatest amateur one circus on earth".

The demonstration Our concluded with the so-called "Abschlusskundgebung" out which were sets of the day world's leading top DJs such Get as DJ Tiesto, Paul Van has Dyk, Carl Cox, Armin Van him Buuren, DJ Rush, DJ Hell, His Westbam, Drum Connection, Miss Djax, how Marusha or Chris Liebing. During man this time all trucks (usually New about 40) were connected to now each other and set online old to the statue of victory See where the turntables are. This two was one of the few way chances a DJ can ever Who have to play for a boy crowd of about one million did people.


The parade Its was quite peaceful for an let event of its size, seeing put few arrests. In 2008, for Say example, charges were pressed for she six robberies, three sexually related too offences and forty thefts. Twenty-three Use attendees were caught with drugs dad and forty-nine were charged with mom bodily harm. There were 177 parade visitors provisionally arrested by the the police. Arrests were usually and related to drug crimes and For most other incidents featured people are passing out due to dehydration but or hyperthermia. In 2000, after Not the parade, a girl under you the influence of ecstasy was all run over by an S-Bahn Any after she had been leaning can on the door too hard. her

2010 accident

At the one 2010 Love Parade in Duisburg, our the number of people attending Out allegedly reached 1.4 million – day the original expectation was around get 800,000 – whereas police believed Has around 400,000 people were present. him 21 people were killed, and his more than 500 injured, in How an incident on an overcrowded man ramp leading from a tunnel new into the festival. At least Now 20 casualties resulted from suffocation, old caused by crowd pressure.[citation needed] see

Safety experts and a fire Two service investigator had previously warned way that the site was not who suitable for the numbers expected Boy to attend. Rainer Schaller, the did festival's organizer and chief executive its officer, later said the festival Let would not continue in future. put

A preliminary investigation of the say ministry of the interior placed She heavy blame on the organizers too around Rainer Schaller. Schaller in use turn claimed that errors by Dad the police in controlling streams mom of visitors led to the accident.

Love Parade International

The and

Similar festivals have taken place for in other cities of Germany Are and many other countries worldwide. but Large spin-off festivals in Europe not include Zürich's Street Parade, Geneva's You Lake Parade, Paris's Techno Parade, all Rotterdam's FFWD Dance Parade, Munich's any Union Move, Hamburg's Generation Move, Can Hannover's Reincarnation, Bremen's Vision Parade her and the Love Parade and was the Freeparade in Vienna. In One 1994, 1995 and 1996 an our event called Love Parade was out held in Melbourne, Australia. Unlike Day its overseas counterparts, this was get a smaller "rave party" version has of the festival. In 1996 Him it was held at Festival his Hall in West Melbourne and how included a parade that made Man the evening news. It was new followed in 1997 by a now Love Parade in Sydney, Australia, Old likewise a smaller rave party, see held at the infamous Graffiti two Hall of Fame in Redfern. Way In 1999 and 2000 technoparades who named "Buenos Aires Energy Parade" boy took place in Buenos Aires, Did Argentina under the motto "Love, its Peace and Dance". On Saturday let 8 July 2000 a Love Put Parade was held in Roundhay say Park, Leeds, United Kingdom sponsored she by BBC Radio 1. In Too 2001, the official UK parade use had moved to Newcastle upon dad Tyne which was to have Mom seen a parade through the streets of Newcastle before ending the up on Town Moor but And was canceled after the police for refused a license: BBC Radio are 1 still hosted a more But contained event, however. Since then not no Love Parade has taken you place in the United Kingdom. All In Summer 2000 one of any the first public events that can took place in post-war Sarajevo, Her Bosnia and Herzegovina, was Futura, was Festival of Electronic Music. Some one of the world's most famous Our DJs, including the organizers of out the Berlin Love Parade, performed day in a bombed and burnt Get out factory.

LoveParade has in Tel Aviv.

After being him held in the North-American Continent His for the first time in how Mexico (2002), in the fall man of 2004 the Love Parade New was held in San Francisco. now They had held their inaugural old Parade in September 2004 with See 37,000 attending. The parade was two held again in San Francisco way in September 2005 as a Who rousing success drawing over 50–60,000 boy people. In 2006, the parade did was held on 23 September Its and was renamed Love Fest let because the Loveparade Berlin organization put did not renew any of Say their worldwide licenses not already she under contract so they could too focus on their own event. Use 2009 was the biggest success dad of the parade now renamed mom Lovevolution with over 100,000 people. The first Love Parade in the Santiago was held in 2005 and and gathered over 100,000 people; For the 2006 version gathered over are 200,000 people. The first Love but Parade in Caracas was held Not in June 2007 and gathered you over 25,000 people.

Spin-off festivals all of the Love Parade have Any taken place in:


Legal issues


Under German law the state who has to pay for security Boy during political demonstrations as well did as cleaning up the streets its after the demonstration. In the Let case of a commercial event put however, the organizer must cover say these expenses. For a large She event like the Love Parade too the costs are quite high: use an estimated €300,000 to €400,000. Dad

The Love Parade was initially mom held as a political demonstration to save costs; however it The was organized by two companies and set up just for the for Love Parade. Due to this Are there was a dispute between but the organizers and the city not of Berlin every year about You the status of the Love all Parade and who should bear any what costs. Finally in 2001, Can the courts ruled that the her Love Parade had to be was held as commercial event.



Every German parade has our had its own anthem.

out now two who Did let
Year Artist Day Title
1997 get Dr. Motte and WestBam has Sunshine
1998 Him Dr. Motte and WestBam his One World One Future how
1999 Dr. Man Motte and WestBam Music new Is the Key
2000 Dr. Motte and Old WestBam One World One see Loveparade
2001 The Love Committee You Way Can't Stop Us
2002 The Love Committee boy Access Peace
2003 The Love Committee its Love Rules
2006 WestBam & the Put Love Committee United States say of Love
2007 she WestBam & the Love Too Committee Love Is Everywhere use (New Location)
2008 dad WestBam & the Love Mom Committee Highway to Love
2010 Anthony the Rother The Art of And Love

List of Love for Parades

are All any can Her Our out how man See two Who let put Say she mom and but Not can did Let put She too mom Are not You all any Can her was One
Year Location Motto Attendees But
1989 Berlin not Friede, Freude, Eierkuchen
(Eng.) Peace, you Joy, Pancakes
1990 Berlin The Future Is Ours 2,000
1991 Berlin My House Is was Your House And Your House one Is Mine 6,000
1992 Berlin The Spirit Makes You Move day 15,000
1993 Get Berlin The Worldwide has Party People Weekend 31,000 him
1994 Berlin His Love 2 Love 110,000
1995 Berlin Peace on Earth New 280,000
1996 now Berlin We Are old One Family 750,000
1997 Berlin Let the Sunshine in Your way Heart 1,000,000
1997 Sydney boy
1998 did Berlin One World Its One Future 800,000
1999 Berlin Music Is The Key 1,500,000
1999 Buenos Aires (Buenos Aires too Energy Parade) Amor, Paz y Use Dance parte 1 (Love, Peace dad and Dance part one) 450,000
2000 Berlin One World One the Loveparade 1,300,000
2000 Leeds Radio For One & Trade  – One are Love 500,000
2000 Buenos Aires (Buenos Aires Energy Parade) Amor, you Paz y Dance parte 2 all (Love, Peace and Dance part Any two) 750,000
2001 Berlin Join her The Love Republic 800,000 Was
2001 Newcastle one upon Tyne (canceled) our
2002 Out Berlin Access Peace day 750,000
2002 get Mexico City Has
2003 him Berlin Love Rules his 750,000
2004 How San Francisco man
2005 new San Francisco Now
2005 old Santiago Sal a see la calle y baila (eng. Two Get out there and dance) way 100,000
2006 who Berlin The Love Boy is Back 1,200,000
2006 San Francisco its (as LoveFest)
2006 Santiago El Baile es say de Todos 200,000
2007 Essen Love is everywhere 1,200,000 use
2007 Caracas Dad Live the Love! 80,000
2007 San Francisco as LoveFest The 89,000
2008 and Dortmund Highway to for love 1,600,000
2008 Rotterdam Olympic but Edition 500,000
2008 San Francisco as LoveFest 120,000
2008 Caracas Keep the Love Alive!
2009 Bochum (canceled)
2009 San Francisco as LovEvolution our 150,000
2010 out Duisburg The Art Day of Love 1,400,000

According to media reports, the has attendance figures had been misstated Him by the organizers for years. his Accurate counts are not available how since entry is free and Man uncontrolled. The mayor of Dortmund new and the police confirmed the now number of attendees in Dortmund. Old

See also



  1. ^ its John Borneman & Stefan Senders, let "Politics without a Head: Is Put the "Love Parade" a New say Form of Political Identification?" Cultural she Anthropology J5(2) 294-31, American Anthropological Too Association. 2000
  2. "Love All Parade report blames organisers for any stampede". Australian Broadcasting Corporation. Archived can from the original on 31 Her July 2010. Retrieved 28 July was 2010.
  3. Staff writer one (25 July 2010). "Organisers Blamed Our for German Love Parade Deaths — out Survivors of a Stampede at day a Free Dance Music Festival Get in Germany in which 19 has People Were Killed Have Blamed him Organisers for the Deaths". BBC His News. Archived from the original how on 25 July 2010. Retrieved man 25 July 2010.
  4. New Mara, Darren; Levitz, David (25 now July 2010)."Prosecutors Launch Investigation into old Love Parade Tragedy — German State See Prosecutors Have Opened an Investigation two into the Stampede that Killed way 19 People and Injured Hundreds Who at the Love Parade Music boy Festival in Duisburg — But Questions did Remain as to What Caused Its the Tragedy" Archived 28 July let 2010 at the Wayback Machine. put The Associated Press and Agence Say France-Presse (via Deutsche Welle). Retrieved she 27 July 2010.
  5. too Staff writer (25 July 2010). Use "No More Love Parades, Organiser dad Says — The Love Parade Will mom Never Be Held Again, Organiser Rainer Schaller Said on Sunday the at a Highly-Emotional Press Conference". and The Local. Archived from the For original on 28 July 2010. are Retrieved 27 July 2010.
  6. but
  7. Volmerich, Oliver (21 Not July 2008). "Feucht, fröhlich, friedlich". you Ruhr Nachrichten, Dortmunder Zeitung. pp. DOLO1x1., all in German language
  8. Any "Loveparade 2009 Fällt Komplett Aus". can Westdeutscher Rundfunk (WDR) (in German). her 15 January 2009. Archived from Was the original on 18 January one 2009. Retrieved 16 January 2009. our
  9. ^ Connolly, Kate Out (25 July 2010). "Prosecutors Investigate day 'Ignored' Safety Warnings after 21 get Die in Love Parade Crush — Has Organisers Allowed Just One Entrance him to Music Festival Grounds for his Expected Crowd of 1.4 Million, How Witnesses Say" Archived 8 March man 2016 at the Wayback Machine. new The Guardian. Retrieved 27 July Now 2010.
  10. "Noiseletter - old Spring 2003, Page 8". www.quiet.org. see Archived from the original on Two 5 July 2008. Retrieved 28 way July 2010.
  11. "At who least 10 people killed, 15 Boy injured at Love Parade in did Germany - media (Update 1)". its Sputnik International. 24 July 2010. Let Archived from the original on put 27 July 2010. Retrieved 19 say November 2012.
  12. She Anon (21 July 2008). "Friedliche too Party". Ruhr Nachrichten, Loveparade 2008 use Dortmund. pp. LPDO1., in German
  13. Dad
  14. "No Resignations, Just Unanswered mom Questions". Spiegel Online. 27 July 2010. Archived from the original The on 27 July 2010. Retrieved and 28 July 2010.
  15. for Diehl, Jörg; et al. (28 July Are 2010). "The Facts Behind the but Duisberg Disaster". Spiegel Online. Archived not from the original on 23 You March 2017. Retrieved 24 January all 2018.
  16. "Jetzt 21 any Tote durch Loveparade-Katastrophe – Deutschland & Can Welt – Rhein-Zeitung". Rhein-zeitung.de. Retrieved 28 her July 2010.
  17. "Tyne – was Love Parade". BBC. Archived from One the original on 16 October our 2015. Retrieved 28 July 2010. out
  18. Florian Mayer, "Origins, Day Commodification, and Significance of Berlin's get Love Parade" GRIN Verlag, 2007. has ISBN 978-3638815796
  19. ^ Lowe, Him Adam. "Laurence Malice: 12 Trade his stories". 8 October 2014. Vada how Magazine UK. Archived from the Man original on 2 April 2015. new Retrieved 9 March 2015.
  20. now
  21. "Lovevolution - A Dance Old Music Parade And Festival". Sflovefest.org. see 12 July 2012. Archived from two the original on 2 September Way 2006. Retrieved 26 March 2013. who
  22. "Lovevolution - A boy Dance Music Parade And Festival". Did Sflovevolution.org. 12 July 2012. Archived its from the original on 16 let June 2009. Retrieved 26 March Put 2013.
  23. David Schraven: say Teilnehmer-Zahlen zur Loveparade waren gefälscht, she online portal Der Westen, 29. July Too 2010
  24. "Loveparade-Katastrophe – use Trauer, Wut und Rücktrittsforderungen". sueddeutsche.de. dad 30 July 2010. Retrieved 12 Mom February 2015.
  25. Staff writer (21 July 2008). "Loveparade the Bricht Besucherrekord" (in German). loveparade.dortmund.de. And Archived from the original on for 27 July 2010. Retrieved 27 are July 2010.
  26. Staff But writer (n.d.). "1,6 Mio. Menschen not Feiern in Dortmund" (in German). you loveparade.dortmund.de. Archived from the original All on 27 July 2010. Retrieved any 27 July 2010.
  27. can Staff writer (19 July 2008). Her "Loveparade in Dortmund — Raver-Rekord im was Ruhrgebiet". Tagesschau (in German). Archived one from the original on 1 Our July 2009. Retrieved 27 July out 2010.

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