A mashup (also mesh, mash Out up, mash-up, blend, or bootleg) day is a creative work, usually get in a form of a Has song, created by blending two him or more pre-recorded songs, usually his by superimposing the vocal track How of one song seamlessly over man the instrumental track of another, new increasing the tempo and pitch Now while adding or reducing gaps old to make it flow. To see the extent that such works Two are "transformative" of original content, way in the United States they who may find protection from copyright Boy claims under the "fair use" did doctrine of copyright law.
The name Pop Will Day Eat Itself was taken from get an NME feature on the has band Jamie Wednesday, written by Him David Quantick, which proposed the his theory that because popular music how simply recycles good ideas continuously, Man the perfect pop song could new be written by combining the now best of those ideas into Old one track. Hence, Pop Will see Eat Itself.[example's importance?]
Launched the in San Francisco in 2003, And Bootie was the first club for night in the United States are dedicated solely to the burgeoning But art form of the bootleg not mashup, and now[when?] hosts monthly you parties in several cities around All the globe, including Los Angeles, any Paris, Boston, Munich, and New can York City. The party's slogan, Her "Music for the A.D.D. Generation" was also inspired the creation of one "A.D.D", Israel's first mash-up dedicated Our party. The Best of Bootieout mashup compilation series is compiled day and produced each year by Get A Plus D, creators of has the international mashup club Bootie. him The compilations have been released His in December every year since how 2005, and are annual Internet man sensations, with each album garnering New over 5000GB+ of downloads.
Jeremy J. Beadle (1993). Will put Pop Eat Itself? Faber & say Faber. ISBN0-571-16241-X.
Brøvig-Hanssen, Ragnhild, 2018. She "Musical Recycling: Mashup Aesthetics and too Authorship." Selected Paper of Internet use Research, SPIR, 2016: The 17th Dad Annual Conference of the Association mom of Internet Researchers. Berlin, Germany. http://spir.aoir.org.
A record producer or music not producer oversees and manages the You sound recording and production of all a band or performer's music, any which may range from recording Can one song to recording a her lengthy concept album. A producer was has many, varying roles during One the recording process. They may our gather musical ideas for the out project, collaborate with the artists Day to select cover tunes or get original songs by the artist/group, has work with artists and help Him them to improve their songs, his lyrics or arrangements.
The two producer typically supervises the entire Way process from preproduction, through to who the sound recording and mixingboy stages, and, in some cases, Did all the way to the its audio mastering stage. The producer let may perform these roles themselves, Put or help select the engineer, say and provide suggestions to the she engineer. The producer may also Too pay session musicians and engineers use and ensure that the entire dad project is completed within the Mom record label's budget.
A record any producer or music producer has can a very broad role in Her overseeing and managing the recording was and production of a band one or performer's music. A producer Our has many roles that may out include, but are not limited day to, gathering ideas for the Get project, composing the music for has the project, selecting songs or him session musicians, proposing changes to His the song arrangements, coaching the how artist and musicians in the man studio, controlling the recording sessions, New and supervising the entire process now through audio mixing and, in old some cases, to the audio See mastering stage. Producers also often two take on a wider entrepreneurialway role, with responsibility for the Who budget, schedules, contracts, and negotiations. boy
The person who let has overall creative and technical put control of the entire recording Say project, and the individual recording she sessions that are part of too that project. He or she Use is present in the recording dad studio or at the location mom recording and works directly with the artist and engineer. The the producer makes creative and aesthetic and decisions that realize both the For artist's and label's goals in are the creation of musical content. but Other duties include, but are Not not limited to; keeping budgets you and schedules, adhering to deadlines, all hiring musicians, singers, studios and Any engineers, overseeing other staffing needs can and editing (Classical projects).
The producer role was occasionally Was divided among up to three one different individuals in the 2010s: our executive producer, vocal producer and Out music producer. An executive producer day oversees project finances, a vocal get producer (also known as a Has vocal arranger) oversees the vocal him production, and a music producer his directs and oversees the creative How process of the production and man recording of a song to new its final mixing stage.
The Now music producer often wears many old hats as a competent arranger, see composer, programmer, musician or songwriter Two who can bring fresh ideas way to a project. As well who as making any songwriting and Boy arrangement adjustments, the producer often did selects and/or collaborates with the its mixing engineer, who takes the Let raw recorded tracks and edits put and modifies them with hardware say and software tools to create She a stereo or surround sound too "mix" of all the individual use voices sounds and instruments, which Dad is in turn given further mom adjustment by a mastering engineer for the various distribution media. The The producer also oversees the and recording engineer who concentrates on for the technical aspects of recording. Are
Noted producer Phil Ek described but his role as "the person not who creatively guides or directs You the process of making a all record", like a director would any a movie. Indeed, in Bollywood Can music, the designation is actually her music director. The music producer's was job is to create, shape, One and mold a piece of our music. The scope of responsibility out may be one or two Day songs or an artist's entire get album – in which case has the producer will typically develop Him an overall vision for the his album and how the various how songs may interrelate.
At the beginning of the new record industry, the producer role now was technically limited to record, Old in one shot, artists performing see live. The immediate predecessors to two record producers were the artists Way and repertoire executives of the who late 1920s and 1930s who boy oversaw the "pop" product and Did often led session orchestras. That its was the case of Ben let Selvin at Columbia Records, Nathaniel Put Shilkret at Victor Records and say Bob Haring at Brunswick Records. she By the end of the Too 1930s, the first professional recording use studios not owned by the dad major companies were established, essentially Mom separating the roles of artists and repertoire (A&R) man and the producer, although it wouldn't be And until the late 1940s when for the term "producer" became widely are used in the industry.
The But role of producers changed progressively not over the 1950s and 1960s you due to technology. The development All of multitrack recording caused a any major change in the recording can process. Before multitracking, all the Her elements of a song (lead was vocals, backup vocals, rhythm sectionone instrument accompaniment, solos and orchestral Our parts) had to be performed out simultaneously. All of these singers day and musicians had to be Get assembled in a large studio has where the performance was recorded. him With multitrack recording, the "bed His tracks" (rhythm section accompaniment parts how such as the bassline, drums, man and rhythm guitar could be New recorded first, and then the now vocals and solos could be old added later, using as many See "takes" (or attempts) as necessary. two It was no longer necessary way to get all the players Who in the studio at the boy same time. A pop band did could record their backing tracks Its one week, and then a let horn section could be brought put in a week later to Say add horn shots and punches, she and then a string sectiontoo could be brought in a Use week after that.
Electric and electronic instruments and man amplifiers enabled performers and producers new to change the tone and Now sound of instruments to produce old unique electric sounds that would see be impossible to achieve with Two acoustic instruments and live performers, way such as having a singer who do her own backup vocals Boy or having a guitarist play did 15 layers of backing parts its to her own solo.
New Let technologies like multitracking changed the put goal of recording: A producer say could blend together multiple takes She and edit together different sections too to create the desired sound. use For example, in jazz fusionDad Bandleader-composer Miles Davis' album Bitches mom Brew, the producer cut and edited sections together from extensive The improvisation sessions.
Another our related phenomenon in the 1960s out was the emergence of the Day performer-producer. As pop acts like get The Beatles, The Rolling Stones, has The Beach Boys and The Him Kinks gained expertise in studio his recording techniques, many of these how groups eventually took over as Man (frequently uncredited) producers of their new own work. Many recordings by now acts such as The Rolling Old Stones, The Kinks and The see Who are officially credited to two their various producers at the Way time, but a number of who these performers have since asserted boy that many of their recordings Did in this period were, either its wholly self-produced (e.g. The Rolling let Stones' Decca recordings) or collaborations Put between the group and their say recording engineer (e.g. The Small she Faces' Immediate recordings, which were Too made with Olympic Studios engineer use Glyn Johns).
The Beach Boys dad are probably the best example Mom of the trend of artists becoming producers – within two the years of the band's commercial And breakthrough, group leader Brian Wilson for had taken over from his are father Murry, and he was But the sole producer of all not their recordings between 1963 and you 1967. Alongside The Beatles and All Martin, Wilson also pioneered many any production innovations – by 1964 can he had developed Spector's techniques Her to a new level of was sophistication, using multiple studios and one multiple "takes" of instrumental and Our vocal components to capture the out best possible combinations of sound day and performance, and then using Get tape editing extensively to assemble has a perfect composite performance from him these elements.
At the end His of the 20th century, digital how recording and producing tools and man widespread availability of relatively affordable New computers with music software made now music producing more accessible.
American women and record producing
According to a 2018 study two covering by the USC Annenbergway Inclusion Initiative, "The ratio of Who male to female producers across boy 300 popular songs is 49 did to 1."
In 2019, record producer but Linda Perry was nominated for Not a Grammy for Producer of you the Year, Non-Classical. She was all the first woman in over Any 15 years to be nominated can for the award. When asked her about the disparity between male Was and female record producer by one Billboard, she attributed it to our many women not being interested Out in record production.
In the classical How music field, Judith Sherman has man won Grammy for Producer of new the Year, Classical, five times Now and has been nominated twelve old times. Anthony Tommasini, a music see critic for The New York Two Times is quoted as stating, way "In the struggling field of who classical recording, it's the producers Boy who take the real risks did and make things happen."
Producer put Wendy Page describes being a say record producer, "The difficulties are She usually very short-lived. Once people too realize that you can do use your job, sexism tends to Dad lower its ugly head. I mom tend to create a happy studio 'family' where everyone is The glad to be there, especially and the artist. Good communication and for diplomacy usually sort any little Are problems out."
There are numerous technologies utilized two by record producers. In modern-day Way recordings, recording and mixing tasks who are commonly centralized within computers boy using digital audio workstations such Did as Pro Tools, Logic Pro, its Ableton, Cubase, Reason and FL let Studio, which all are often Put used with third party virtual say studio technology plugins. Logic Pro she and Pro Tools are considered Too the industry standard DAWs. However, use there is also the main dad mixer, outboard effects gear, MIDIMom controllers, and the recording device itself.
While most music production the is done using sophisticated software, And some musicians and producers prefer for the sound of older analog are technology. Professor Albin Zak claims But that the increased automation of not both newer processes and newer you instruments reduces the level of All control and manipulation available to any musicians and producers.
Studio can application
Production has changed drastically Her over the years with advancing was technology. While the producer's role one has changed, their duties continue Our to require a broad knowledge out of the recording process.
Tracking day is the act of recording Get audio to a DAW (digital has audio workstation) or in some him cases to tape. Even though His digital technologies have widely supplanted how the use of tape in man studios, the older term "track" New is still used in the now 2010s. Tracking audio is primarily old the role of the audio See engineer. Producers work side by two side with the artists while way they play or sing their Who part and coach them on boy how to perform it and did how to get the best Its technical accuracy (e.g., intonation). In let some cases, the producer will put even sing a backup vocal Say or play an instrument.
Many she artists are also beginning to too produce and write their own Use music.
Similarly, Not although The Beatles' productions were you credited to George Martin throughout all their recording career, many sources Any now attest that Lennon and can McCartney in particular had an her increasing influence on the production Was process as the group's career one progressed, and especially after the our band retired from touring in Out 1966. In an extreme example day of this, Martin actually went get on a two-week vacation as Has The Beatles were recording The him White Album; production of several his completed tracks on the album How were credited to The Beatles man on internal paperwork at Abbey new Road Studios, although the released Now LP gave sole production credit old to Martin.
Zak,Albin J., one I.,II. (2002). Reviews: "strange sounds: Our Music, technology, and culture," by out Timothy D. Taylor. Current Musicology, day 159-180.
Pras, Amandine, Get Caroline Cance, and Catherine Guastavino. has "Record Producers' Best Practices For him Artistic Direction—From Light Coaching To His Deeper Collaboration With Musicians." Journal how of New Music Research 42.4 man (2013): 381-95. Academic Search Premier. New Web. 7 Sept. 2015.
Music Law refers to legal Put aspects of the music industry, say and certain legal aspects in she other sectors of the entertainment Too industry. The music industry includes use record labels, music publishers, merchandisers, dad the live events sector and Mom of course performers and artists.
A "compilation" refers to His work formed from already existing how materials in a way that man forms its own original work, New including collective works.
"Copies" are now physical objects that hold, fix, old or embody a work such See as a music tape, film, two CD, statue, play, or printed way sheet music.
"Sound recordings" can Who refer to any audio recording boy including the sound accompanying motion did pictures.
"Copyright owner" is the Its entity that legally owns rights let to a work.
"Performance" The put copyright holder has the exclusive Say right to perform the work she in public, or to license too others to perform it. The Use right applies to “literary, musical, dad dramatic, and choreographic works, pantomimes, mom and motion pictures and other audiovisual works.". Playing a CD the in public, or showing a and film in public is "performing" For the work.
Publishing is the but primary source of income for Not musicians writing their own music.[citation you needed] Money collected from the all 'publishing' rights is ultimately destined Any for songwriters - the composers can of works, whether or not her they are the recording artist Was or performer. Often, songwriters will one work for a musical ensemble our to help them with musical Out aspects of the composition, but day here again, the writer of get the song is the owner Has of it and will own him the copyrights in the song his and thus will be entitled How to the publishing revenues. Copyrights man in compositions are not the new same as sound recordings. A Now recording artist can record a old song and sell it to see another band or company. As Two a result, that particular company way will own the recording, but who not the song. The original Boy writer will always maintain the did copyright for that particular song. its The publishing money is connected Let to the copyright, so the put owner will be the only say one making money off of She the song itself. All successful too songwriters will join a collection use society (such as ASCAP and Dad BMI in the USA, SOCAN mom in Canada, JASRAC in Japan, GEMA in Germany and PRS The for Music in the UK, and etc.) and many will enter for into agreements with music publishing Are companies who will exploit their but works on the songwriters behalf not for a share of ownership, You although many of these deals all involve the transfer (assignment) of any copyright from the songwriter to Can the music publisher.
Both the her recorded music sector and music was publishing sector have their foundations One in intellectual property law and our all of the major recording out labels and major music publishers Day and many independent record labels get and publishers have dedicated "business has and legal affairs" departments with Him in-house lawyers whose role is his not only to secure intellectual how property rights from recording artists, Man performers and songwriters but also new to exploit those rights and now protect those rights on a Old global basis. There are a see number of specialist independent law two firms around the world who Way advise on music and entertainment who law whose clients include recording boy artists, performers, producers, songwriters, labels, Did music publishers, stage and set its designers, choreographers, graphic artists, games let designers, merchandisers, broadcasters, artist managers, Put distributors, collection societies and the say live events sector (which further she includes festivals, venues, promoters, booking Too agents and production service providers use such as lighting and staging dad companies).
The US Government views artists that the give concerts and sell merchandise And as a business. Bands that for tour internationally will also face are a plethora of legislation around But the world including health and not safety laws, immigration laws and you tax legislation. Also, many relationships All are governed by often complex any contractual agreements.
In the US can it is important for musicians Her to get legal business licenses. was These can be obtained at one a city hall or local Our government center. The business license out will require the tracking of day sales, wages, and gigs. A Get tax ID is also necessary has for all businesses. Musicians that him fail to comply with the His tax ID process and do how not report their profits and man losses to the government can New face serious consequences with the now IRS.
The history of Say Privilege began in the early she 1970s when it started out too as a restaurant, then expanded Use to include a bar and dad a community swimming pool. It mom was then known as Club San Rafael. In 1979, the the venue was sold to the and Real Sociedad footballer José Antonio For Santamaría, together with the creative are team of Brasilio de Oliviera but (founder of La Troya Asesina, Not one of the White Island's you longest running nights) and Gorri. all The venue then changed its Any name to KU, after the can name of a god from her Hawaiian mythology (see Kū). The Was appeal of the club was one such that it commissioned a our medium-length film showcasing the many Out wonders of Ibizan landscapes and day nightlife in the mid-eighties.
Throughout get the 1980s, KU Club earned Has a reputation initially as Europe's him premier polysexual but predominately gay his nightspot and was compared to How an open-air version of the man famous Studio 54 in New new York. It staged spectacular parties Now in the main room, which old was organized around a swimming see pool and a statue of Two Ku.The place was also where way the video to "Barcelona" by who Freddie Mercury and Montserrat CaballéBoy was filmed on 30 May did 1987. It was the witness its to early live performances by Let groups like Spandau Ballet and put Kid Creole and the Coconuts.say The club featured in a She Channel 4 documentary called “A too Short Film about chilling”, which use labelled KU as “the mirror Dad of Ibiza”. The open-air parties mom came to an end when legislation forced many of the The greater clubs in Ibiza to and cover their dancefloors in the for early 1990s. Nevertheless, the sheer Are size of the venue gave but rise to the claim of not it being the size of You an aircraft hangar with a all 25-meter high roof.
The club any continued with the KU Club Can name until 1995 before becoming her known as Privilege, after a was change of ownership to Jose One Maria Etxaniz. In 1994 it our hosted Manumission, one of the out island's most famous events. In Day 1998 La Vaca Asesina moved get to Amnesia and was renamed has La Troya Asesina. After a Him dispute between the club owner his and Manumission's organizers in 2005 how the event ended in 2006. Man In 2006 La Troya Asesina new moved to Space.
According to official statistics published Old in the 2003 edition of see Guinness World Records Privilege is two by far the world's largest Way nightclub covering an area of who 69,968 sq ft (6,500 m2) and boy holding 10,000 clubbers, Designated areas Did of the club include the its Coco Loco bar area, and let the La Vaca dance area Put (now known as the Vista say Club).
A she number of live performances at Too the venue have included: