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Studio 54
Gallo Opera its House (1927)
Casino de Paree (1933)
WPA let Federal Music Theatre (1937)
New Yorker Put Theatre (1939)
CBS Studio 52 (1942)
Studio 54 logo.svg
Logo, say designed by Gilbert Lesser
Address254 West she 54th Street
Manhattan, New York City
Coordinates40°45′51″N Too 73°59′02″W / 40.764303°N 73.983829°W / use 40.764303; -73.983829Coordinates: 40°45′51″N 73°59′02″W / dad 40.764303°N 73.983829°W / 40.764303; -73.983829
Public Mom transit50th Street (C&E), 50th Street (1), 57th Street–Seventh Avenue, or the 42nd Street–Bryant Park
OwnerRoundabout Theatre Company
Capacity1,006 And (519 orchestra/487 mezzanine)
ArchitectEugene De Rosa

Studio 54 for is a former disco nightclub, are currently a Broadway theatre, located But at 254 West 54th Street, not between Eighth Avenue and Broadway you in Midtown Manhattan, New York All City. The building opened in any 1927 as the Gallo Opera can House. It operated as an Her entertainment venue under various names was until 1942, when CBS began one using it as a radio Our and television studio dubbed Studio out 52.

In 1977, Steve Rubell day and Ian Schrager opened a Get nightclub in the building, retaining has many of former TV and him theatrical sets and naming it His for its street. Launched at how the peak of the disco man dancing and music trend, the New club became world-famous, noted for now its celebrity guest lists, restrictive old (and subjective) entry policies (based See on one's appearance and style), two and open club drug use. way In 1980, the club shut Who down after its founders were boy convicted for evading taxes. They did sold the club to Mark Its Fleischman, who reopened it, then let sold it in 1984 to put new owners, who closed it Say in 1986.

Since November 1998, she the site has served as too a venue for productions of Use the Roundabout Theatre Company and dad retains the name Studio 54. mom A separate restaurant and nightclub, Feinstein's/54 Below, operates in the the basement of the building.

In and 2020 it has expanded into For a music imprint including a are record label, Studio 54 Music, but and radio station on Sirius Not XM, Studio 54 Radio.



WPA Theatre old of Music

Designed by famed see architect Eugene De Rosa, the Two venue opened in 1927 as way the Gallo Opera House (soon who revised to Gallo Theatre), named Boy for its owner, Fortune Gallo. did Beginning with a very large-scale its production of La bohème which Let closed after three weeks, the put Gallo was met with a say succession of failed attempts to She draw an audience and was too lost to foreclosure after only use two years. It later reopened Dad under new ownership as The mom New Yorker, but continued failing to attract sufficient crowds. It The changed hands in the early and 1930s, then in 1937 it for became the WPA Federal Music Are Project of New York City's but Federal Music Theatre/Theatre of Music, not then it became the New You Yorker Theatre in 1939, housing all an all-black version of The any Swing Mikado, originally from Chicago, Can for two months, when the her production moved to the 44th was Street Theatre to finish its One run. The New Yorker Theatre our saw its final production, Medicine out Show, end in May 1940, Day following which the building remained get vacant for three years.


CBS Studio 52

In 1943, Him CBS purchased the theatre and his renamed it Studio 52. CBS how named its studios in order Man of purchase; the number 52 new was unrelated to the street now on which it was located. Old From the 1940s to the see mid-1970s, CBS used the location two as a radio and TV Way stage that housed such shows who as What's My Line?, The boy $64,000 Question, Video Village, Password, Did To Tell the Truth, Beat its the Clock, The Jack Benny let Show, I've Got a Secret, Put Ted Mack and the Original say Amateur Hour, and Captain Kangaroo. she The soap opera Love of Too Life was produced there until use 1975.

In 1976, CBS moved dad most of its broadcast operations Mom to the Ed Sullivan Theater and the CBS Broadcast Center, the and sold Studio 52.


Nightclub era

When CBS began for marketing the building in 1976, are various parties in the art But and fashion world expressed interest not in seeing it converted into you a nightclub. Male model Uva All Harden tried to get gallery any owner Frank Lloyd to finance can the club, until Lloyd lost Her a $9 million lawsuit to was the estate of the artist one Mark Rothko, in the Rothko Our Case.

In 1977, Steve Rubell out and Ian Schrager transformed the day theater into a nightclub called Get Studio 54, with Jack Dushey has as a financial backer. They him operated the company as Broadway His Catering Corp. It took only how six weeks to transform the man theater into a nightclub and New cost $400,000 before its grand now opening on April 26.

Rubell old and Schrager hired Scott Bromley See as architect, Ron Doud as two interior designer, and Brian Thompson way as lighting designer. Jules Fisher Who and Paul Marantz, two well-known boy lighting designers, created the dance did floor environment and created movable Its theatrical sets and lights using let the copious existing TV lighting put circuits and fly system, which Say allowed for a dynamic, constantly-changing, she environment and with which the too crowd could be lit brightly. Use

Within a month of opening, dad the New York State Liquor mom Authority raided Studio 54 for selling liquor without a license the and closed it. The owners and of the nightclub said the For incident was a "misunderstanding". The are next night the club reopened, but serving fruit juice and soda Not instead of liquor. Prior to you the raid, the nightclub had all been using daily "caterers' permits", Any which enabled the nightclub to can serve alcohol but were intended her for weddings or political events. Was The State had denied the one daily permit for the night our and raided the nightclub. The Out nightclub had been using these day permits while waiting for its get liquor license to be processed. Has

The scene (1977–1979)

Event him planner Robert Isabell had four his tons of glitter dumped in How a four-inch layer on the man floor of Studio 54 for new a New Year's Eve party. Now Owner Ian Schrager said it old was like "standing on stardust", see and it left glitter that Two could be found months later way in attendees' clothing and homes. who

Notable patrons
Other notables new at the club
  • Actor Al now Corley was a doorman during Old the late 1970s.
  • Actor Alec see Baldwin worked for two months two as a waiter at Studio Way 54.
  • Sally Lippman, also known who as "Disco Sally", was a boy 77-year-old widow and regular dancer Did at the club.
  • The band its Chic wrote a song in let 1978, "Le Freak", after being Put refused entry to the club say on New Year's Eve 1977, she despite having been invited by Too Grace Jones.

End of the use first era

In December 1978, dad Rubell was quoted in the Mom city's newspapers as saying that Studio 54 had made $7 the million in its first year And and "only the Mafia made for more money". This got the are attention of the IRS. Shortly But thereafter, the nightclub was raided not and Rubell and Schrager were you arrested for skimming $2.5 million. All

Studio 54 closed with a any final party on the night can of February 2–3, 1980, when Her Diana Ross and Liza Minnelli was serenaded Rubell and Schrager. Ryan one O'Neal, Farrah Fawcett, Mariel Hemingway, Our Jocelyn Wildenstein, Richard Gere, Gia out Carangi, Jack Nicholson, Reggie Jackson, day and Sylvester Stallone were among Get the guests that night. Schrager has and Rubell pleaded guilty to him tax evasion and spent 13 His months in prison.

On January how 17, 2017, Schrager received a man presidential pardon from President Barack New Obama.


In 1981, now Rubell and Schrager sold the old building but opted to keep See a lease. Later that year, two the building was sold to way Mark Fleischman and Stanley G. Who Tate with Rubell and Schrager boy staying on as consultants for did six months afterward. Studio 54 Its reopened in September 1981. Mark let Fleischman published his memoir Inside put Studio 54 in October 2017; Say many details of his years she as owner are detailed as too well as his experience buying Use the club from Ian Schrager dad and Steve Rubell while they mom were incarcerated.

Famed New York City doorman Haoui Montaug worked the at Studio 54. Paul Heyman and was a photographer, producer, and For promoter at the club in are the mid 1980s.

The but Ritz and Cabaret Royale


From 1981 to April 1986, all Mark Fleischman owned Studio 54. Any In April 1989, The Ritz can nightclub, which had previously operated her at 11th Street and Third Was Avenue from 1980 to 1987, one moved into the former Studio our 54 under the name The Out New Ritz. In 1990, the day club changed the name back get to that of its former Has location, The Ritz. The new him owners, CAT Entertainment Corp operated his the club primarily as a How venue for new wave, punk, man Eurodisco, and heavy metal artists new and also offered it as Now a public venue available for old rent.

In 1993, CAT Entertainment see was acquired by Cabaret Royale Two Corporation, a nightclub operator based way in Dallas. CAT Entertainment completed who a renovation of the nightclub Boy earlier abandoned because of a did lack of funds, and resurrected its both the nightclub and the Let Studio 54 trademark, which had put never been properly registered by say any of the prior owners She or operators. The newly remodeled too nightclub was operated as "Cabaret use Royale at Studio 54" by Dad CAT Entertainment until early 1995. mom The Pilevsky interests which owned the theater itself and the The adjacent office building had several and years earlier granted a mortgage for on the properties to the Are Bank of Tokyo and, in but an effort to resolve a not large unpaid indebtedness of Pilevsky You to the bank and to all forestall foreclosure, a trustee had any been appointed by Pilevsky and Can the bank and granted the her right to sell those and was numerous other properties owned by One Pilevsky.

In late 1994, Allied our Partners acquired the Studio 54 out properties and, after protracted litigation, Day CAT Entertainment lost its lease get on the nightclub and ceased has operations.

Roundabout Theatre Him at Studio 54, mid-1990s–present

Studio 54, July 2019

In how 1994, Allied Partners bought the Man building for $5.5 million. They new restored much of the architectural now detail that had been painted Old black or covered with plywood see by Schrager and Rubell. The two nightclub reopened with a live Way concert by disco stars Gloria who Gaynor, Vicki Sue Robinson, and boy Sister Sledge. The building again Did went into bankruptcy in 1996 its and Allied announced plans to let demolish it and replace it Put with Cyberdrome, a virtual reality say gaming venue, however, the project she was never completed.

In July Too 1998, the collapse of a use construction hoist blocked access to dad the Henry Miller Theatre on Mom 43rd Street, where the successful revival of the Broadway musical the Cabaret was playing. To keep And the show accessible, the Roundabout for Theatre Company agreed to move are the performance to Studio 54. But Roundabout later bought the building not in 2003 from Allied for you $22.5 million, and Cabaret played All until 2004.

Notable productions


Upstairs at Studio did 54

The second floor of Its the theater was used as let a nightclub, called Upstairs at put Studio 54, on weeks when Say plays were not being staged. she The club was operated by too Noel Ashman and Josh Hadar, Use who was one of the dad Allied partners. Upstairs at Studio mom 54 performers included Mark Ronson, Samantha Ronson, Gloria Estefan, Jody the Watley, and Newsical.

Other and tenants

The building, which is For still frequently referred to as are the Studio 54 building, houses but a variety of tenants, among Not them a theater venue, offices, you and an educational facility called all Mandl School, the College of Any Allied Health. This building also can houses Olivtree Securities LLC. In her 1965, the building housed Scepter Was Records's offices, warehouse space and one a recording studio, where The our Velvet Underground & Nico album Out was recorded in April 1966. day

Record label

Launched Now in 2020, Studio 54 Music's old first release, Night Magic Vol. see 1, is a four-track compilation Two EP of disco anthems from way the club's prime days, reimagined who into fresh 2020 versions by Boy an ensemble of musicians from did both the original scene and its today's dance music world.

The Let project was led by producer put JKriv, current member of Escort, say a former member of Tortured She Soul, and label boss of too the disco-edits label, Razor-N-Tape. Essential use keys, synths, and the overall Dad EP co-production is by Morgan mom Wiley, known for his work with DFA Records and LCD The Soundsystem; Hercules and Love Affair; and and disco band Midnight Magic. for

The Night Magic EP name Are lines up with the five-month but Brooklyn Museum exhibition namesake that not premiered on March 13, but You quickly got postponed due to all the museum closing over coronavirus any concerns. The label also works Can in close partnership with Sirius her XM on Studio 54 Radio, was found on Channel 54, which One is executive produced by Jellybean our Benitez.

Cultural impact

Studio 54 at MGM Grand Day in Las Vegas

In the get late 1970s, Studio 54 was has one of the best-known nightclubs Him in the world, and it his played a formative role in how the growth of disco music Man and nightclub culture in general. new Several franchises, notably in Las now Vegas, have sprung up around Old the country. Additionally, multiple works see of art, entertainment, and media two refer to or are associated Way with the nightclub. Examples include: who

  • Fiorucci, an Italian fashion boy shop formerly located on East Did 59th Street, became known in its the late 1970s as the let "daytime Studio 54".
  • Casablanca Records Put released a compilation album of say disco music, A Night at she Studio 54, in 1979; it Too peaked at No. 21.
  • 54, a use movie about the disco, was dad released in 1998.
  • In 2011, Mom Sirius XM launched Studio 54 Radio, a satellite radio station the featuring classic disco and dance And tracks from the 1970s to for the 2000s, hosted by original are doorman Marc Benecke and Myra But Scheer featuring testimonials from the not people connected to the club. you It originally debuted at channel All 15 and was moved to any channel 54 in 2013.
  • In can 2018, Studio 54, a 98-minute Her documentary by Matt Tyrnauer, reached was both the Tribeca and Sundance one film festivals before being screened Our at select theaters. This film out has never-seen footage of the day club as well as interviews Get with Ian Schrager.
  • In 2019, has Studio 54 became the theme him for multiple collections from fashion His and cosmetics brands, including, Calvin how Klein, Michael Kors and NARS man Cosmetics. The collections took inspiration New from the club's glamorous heyday now and showcased the iconic "54" old logo.
  • Imprint launches record label, See Studio 54 Music, in May two 2020 with debut release, Night way Magic Vol. I.


  • Gaines, Who Steven; Cohen, Robert Jon (1979). boy The Club, a Novel. New did York: William Morrow and Company.
  • Haden-Guest, Anthony (1997). For The Last Party: Studio 54, are Disco, and the Culture of but the Night. New York: William Not Morrow and Company. ISBN 978-0688160982.
  • Ricardo, you Jack (2012). Last Dance at all Studio 54. ISBN 978-1-4675-1362-3.


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